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The plays of William Shakspeare 



William Shakespeare 



Dili 



Dilized by Google 



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f f 



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THE 



PLAYS 



o r 



WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE, 



VOLUME THE THIRD. 



CONTAINING 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 

TEMPEST. 

TWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA 

MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR. 




LONDON: 

Piiaced for T. Longman, B. Law and Soo, C. Dilly» J. Robfon, J. Johnibn, 
T. Venor, G. G. J. and J. Robinfony T. Cadell, J. Munay» R. Baldwin, 
H. L. Gardner, J. SeweU, J. Nicholli, F. and C. Rivingtun, W. GokKinJcb, 
T. Payne, Jun. S. Hayes, R. Faulder, W. Lowndes, B. and J. White, 
G. and T. Wilkie, J. and J. Taylor, Scatcherd and Whitakcr, T. and J. 
Egeitnn, E. Newbery,' J, Barker, J. Edwards, Ogilvy and Speare, 
J. CuXhtUf J. LMkingtm, J. Deighcon, and W. MUIer. 

M, DCC. XCIII. 






Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX 



OF 



WORDS, PHRASES, CUSTOMS, AND 
PERSONS, 

EXPLAINED OR MENTIONED IN THE NOTES. 



a UQcL XuL 441, 502* 

a mile beyood the moon. XIIL 

a one. VIL 48€« 
a row. VIL 302. 
abate. X. 698. 
abated. IX. i6. 

- - ^ - XIL I C7. 
ABC.Vin.2t. 
Abefgavenny, lord. XI. 9. 
afahominable. V. 505. 
abhor. XI. 90. 

abide. VIL 116. 
abfefb. X. 467. 
abk. XIV. 240. 
abortive pride. X. 126* 
about my brain. XV. 151. 
Abradas. X. 130. 
Abraham colour. III. J43. ' 
Abraham men. XIV. 108. 
abridranent. V. 142. 

XV. 134. 

abroad. X. 104* 
abMote. IV. 271. 

- . . -XIIL 518. 
abftraft. III. 447. 
ahoie. IV. 367. 

Vol. IIL 



abofed. Xm. 34. 

XIV. 256. 

XV. 396. 

aby. V. I to. 
abyfm. III. 14. 
accommodation. IX. 129. 
accoft. IV. 16. 
account. XIII. 392. 
X. 79. 

.vn. 



accafe. X. 70. 
Acheron. VII. 492 



achieve. X. 197. 
acknown. XV. 538. 
aconitam. IX. i86. 
acquittance. XV. 608. 
ad. IX. 291. 
adtion. vn. 54. 

- - - XV. 417. 
adion taking. XlV. 92. 
Adam. VII. 280. 
adamant. V. ro. 
Adam Bell. IV. 413. 
Adam Cupid. XiV. 393. 
addition. XL 309. 326, 388. 
additions. VI. 261. 
XL 229. 

XIV. 16, 92. 

addrefs. III. 440. 

- - - - V. 213. 
addrefied. IX. 183,363. 
XII. 312. 



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11 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



addreft. V. 148, 4cc» 
Adonis' ^rdens. Ia. 546* 
advftBce, XL co«« 
ad^ncement. XIV. 130* 
advantage. XV, 537. 
adverfano. VI. 440* 
advcrfity. XI. 400. 
advcrtilc. IV. 186. 
adverufement. IV. jaa. 
advertifinff and holy* IV. 577* 
advice, ifi. 215. 

IV. 38a. 

V. 521. 

. VI. a9Q. 417. 

Vin. 218. 

IX. 3«o, 

xm. 19. ' 

advifc. XIV. 82. 
advifed. V. 42 j. 
Vn. 30J. 

vm. 138, %i6. 

IX. 21. 

X. ,97, 530. 

- - - - XV, 405. 
advocate. VII. j68. 
adulterate. X. 630. 
act}' of children. XV. 1 24. 
afeard. III. loi. 

V. 8a. 

affea. V. 280. 

afied the letter. V. 263. 

sffedion. V. 30 1^ 499. 

VII. 188. 

XV. 139. 

affeaioned. IV. 66. 
afiedlions. IX. 187* 
aflfeas. XV. 436. 
affeered. VII. 527. 
afficd. VI. 527. 
affined. XI. 244* 

XV. 385, 493. 

affront. VII. 178. 
- - - - XI. $^o» 

XIII. 198- 

XV. 154. 

afFy. X. 129. 
ii^ate. IV. 464* 



agate. IX. 24. 
aged caftom. XIL 104. 
agfet. VI. 429. 
a^iie. XV. 432. 
Ajax. V. ^^$. 

- - - XI. 270. 
aim. III. 227. 

- - - Xn. ace. 
--.XV.4U. 
airey. X. coa. 
airey devil. VIII. 9;* 
aixey fame. XL 2^6. 

air remaining. XIII. 492. 

Aicid^. vm. 3j. 

alder liefeft. X. 6. 

alderman's thomb-ring, VIIL 

468. 
ale. in. 219. 
Alexandreis. V. 490. 
alife. VII. 141. 
all. XIV. aj6. 
all amwd* Y. j^;. 
all hid. V. 275. 
all in all. IX. 242. 



all obeying. XII. 579. 

. XL 50{« 
all waters. IV. 142. 



AUhallowmas. III. 32|» 
Allhallowii.fummer. VIII. 384. 
alliterations. V, »ji. 
allow. IV. 13. 

VIL 104. 

• - - - IX. i6o. 

XIV. 129. 

allow the wind. VI. 550* 
allowance. XI. 302. 

xn. 138. 

- - - : -XV. 175. 393. 
allowed. III. 386. 
.... V. 345. 

XL 34, 64J. 

allowing. VII. 26. 
almanaduy ancient ooes, VIU. 

76. 
alms-balket. V. 305. 
a k me , IIL 213* 



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GLOSSARIAL IND£)C. 

. m. 499. appeal. XII. $^^. 

.... VL 19, appcril. XL xoo* 

• - - - IX. 639.' apple- John. IX* 74* 
'- - - - XIV. 4^fl. spplj^* ^I« >4J« 
amaze the welkiii» X» 639. appointment. IV. s8<% * 
amazed. VIIL 133, 15O9 319% ...... XL 37K. 

- •* - - XUI. 184. apprehenfions. IX. 567* 
Amazonian ckii. XIL t6* apprehenfive. IX. ito. 
amber. VII. 137. ...--- XII. 3!$. 

amber coted. V* B76«i approbation. IV. 201* 

ambition. XL 135^ ••.... VIL 6i« 

ames ace. VL 259* •....-- IX. 277. 

amiis. XV. 2;9. ...... XIIL 3f« 

amort. VL 513. approof. VI. 210. 

- - - - IX. 598. approve. V. 470. 
Amorath. IX. 215, .... XV. 8, 334. 
ao. III. 349. approved. III. 282. 

- - V. 27. XV. 493. 

• - XL 236. approvers. XUI. 6^ 
an hoar. IV. 37 ;• April. XL (oo. 

an if. V. 95. aqua vitae. m. 389. 

XIV. 53«. ......IV.76. 

anchor. XV. 193. Arabian bird. All. pj* 

anchors. IV. 252* arbitrate. VIL 1166, 

ancient. VIII. 551. arch. XIV. 84. 

- - - - IX. 8 1. Ardenne. VI. 12. 
ancient damnation. XIV* 496. argentine. XIIL 598* 
angel. VI. 506. Argier. IIL 31. 
angel faces* XL 107. argofies. V. 397. 
angle. VII. 106. argument. Iv. 467. 

- - - XV. 329. - - * ... V. 105, 
anight. VI. 50- . . - . • VI. 74^ 
anon» anon. IX. 104* ..... VII. 104* 

anfwer. XIII. 198. VIIL 431. 

Anthropophagi. XV. 424* ..... IX. 352. 

Anthropophafl^ioan. IIL ^^j;* • . • • . XL 52^. 

anticipate. VIL fif* Ariadne. XL 418. 

antick. VIU. 280. Ariflotle. XL 292. 

- - - - IX. 634. armadb. VIII. 105. 
antipodes. V. 95* arms. XL 265. 
antiquity. IX. 37, aroint. VIL 341. 

anties. XV. 422. XIV. 166. 

ape. XIV. 394. arras. IIL 420. 

...XV. 247. ^ .-VIIL 481. 

Apemantus. XL 48 x« ... XV. 212. 

apparent. V. 496. arrive. XII. 252. 

..... Vn. 2j. arrived. X. 381. 

a 2 



lU 



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IV 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



arriving. XII. loj, ' ' 
art. Xfi. 36c. 
articulate. All. c6. 
articulated. VIII. 566. 
artificial. V» io2, 
as. VI. 364, 
..VII. 41 7. 
..Vlir. 139. 

- - IX. 191* 

. - X. 85. . 

- . XII. I r4. 25f. 
Aicapart. X. 6^, 
afcaunfe. JtV. 2944 
Afher-houfe. XL Jij. 
a(hy. X. 104. 
afocd. XV. 148. 
afperiion. III. 11 6. 
a(pire. XIV. 451. 
alfay. XV. ioi, 412. 
affcs. XV. 327. 
aflinego. XL 276. 
aflumed. XIII. 228.^ 
aflurancc. XV. 307.^ 
aflurcd. VII. 26c. 

Vni. 64. 

aftoniihed. 1X^475;. 
aftrc. XV. 18. 
aftringer. VI. 347. 

at a point. VII. ^^3' 

at any hand. VI. 433. 

at hand quoth pick-purie. VIII.. 

417. 
at point. XIV. 74. 
' Atalanta. VI. 84* 
Ate. IV. 436. 

atomie. VL oi. 
atomies. XIV. 372. 
atomy. IX. 240. . 
atone. VIII. 200. 
... XL 687; 

- . - XII. 1 89, 470. 
XIIL 30. 

. - -XV. 589- 
attached. XIV. 230, 
aitaik. XIV. 75. 



attended. X. 357. 
attent. XIII. 470. 

XV. 42. 

attorney. IX. 667. 

X. 672. 

avale. V. 331. 
avannt. XL 74. 
ayerring notes. XIII. 222. 
aadacioas. V. 301. 
Audrey. VI. 102. . 
aoere hole. VIL 440. 
aukaid. XIII. ^83. 
Aumerle. VIII. aoj, 
aunt. V. 37. 

XIV. s6. 

aunts. VIL icu. 
aufpicioas. XIV. 83. 

. - XV. 25. 

authentick. VI. 253. 
Autolycns. VIL loj* . 
award. X. 98. 
away with. IX. 134. 
awful. IIL 252. 
awful banks. IX. 163* 
awlcfs. X. 548. 
ay. VIII. 292. 
aye. IIL 72. 
V. 9. 

Baccare. VI. 444* . 
badge. IV. 396. 

V. 97. 

IX. c68. 

badwd. VII. 436. 
baffled. VIII. 198, 380. 
Bajazet's mule. vL 308. 
bait. XII. 3CC. 
bakcelflock8.XIV. 376. 
bale. X. 187. 
---XILic. 
baleful. IX. 663. 
balked. VIIL 36$, 
ban dog. X^ 36. 
Banbury cheefe. IIL 316* 
band. VII. 278. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



QLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



baDcL Xn. ctj, 
hands. VIII. 518. 
bandy. XIV, c^ 
banked. VHI. 161. 
Banks's horie. V. 200* 
banning. IX. 647. 
banquet. VI. ^44. 

- - - - XII. 511. 

XIV. 389, 

bans. XIV. 110. 
barbarian. XV. 448. 
fiarbafon. IX. 313. 
barbe. XI. 597. 
barbed. X. 460. 
barber-roon^r, XIV.- 93. 
barbers chair. VI. 248. 
bare. III. 238, 

- - . XII. 200, 
Bargolus. X. 130, 
barm. V. 3^. 
barnacles. III. 136, 
bame. VII. 97, 
bams. rV. 489. 
baronets. III. 356, 
barren. V. 89. 
barrfiil Erife. IV. 25. 
Barfton. IX. 232, 
Bartholomew boar pig, IX. 96. 
baie. Xni. IOC. 

baie court. VIII. 292, 
bafe degrees. XII. 273, . 
bafeliie. XIV. 131. 
bafes. Xin, 4^0. 
Bafiiifco. VUL 16. 
bafiliik.IX.381. 

- - - - X. 96. 112, 479. 
bafiliiks. Vm. 436. 

. - - - IX. 480. 
bafon and ewer. XL 530* 
baib. VI. 421. 
Baftard. IX. 420. 
baibud. IV, 294* 

....VIII, 447. 

. XL 443. 

bat. XIV. 247. 
batch* XL 399. 
batdidon buttontr IIL 41 1 • 



bate. in. 342. 

VL 502. 

IX. 39^. 

XIII. S36. 

bated. VIIL 546. 
. - . XV. 32c. 
bating. XIV. 458. 
batlet. VI. 56. 
bats. III. 146. 
batten, XV. 228. 
battles^ lift of. X. 404. 
bavin. VIIL 51 1.' 
bauble. VI, 343. 
. . - - XIII, 112, 3JI. 

- . - - XIV. 427. 
bawcock. VII. 18. ■ 
bay. IV, 320. 

bay ctirtal. VI. 257. 

bay window. IV. 141, 

Baynard's Caftle, X. 589. 592. 

beadfman, VIIL 276. 

beak. III. 26. 

beam. XL 434. 

bear, XII. 603. 

bear a brain. XIV, 356. 

bear in hand. IV. 51 1 , 

IX. 26. 

XIIL 214. 

bear you well, VIIL 327. 
bearbaiting. V, 1 28. 

- - - . . . X. 1 89. 
beard. VIIL 536. 

• . - IX. 380, 

- . .X. 17J. 
... XV. 135. 
beard to beard. XII. c8. 
beards. VL 68. 
bearing. IV. 431, 
.... V. 437. 
bearing cloth. VII. 99. 
bears his head. XI. 259. 

beaft with two backs, XV, 391. 

beat. X. 43* 

beating. IIL i ^6* 

beaver. VIIL 547. 

... - IX. 159* 

XV. 45. 



a3 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



VI 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



354- 



Beauchamp, Ann» IX. 117^ 
...... Ricbaid* carl of 

Warwick, IX, coc. 
Beauford« £dmuod« diikcof So* 

merfet. X. 388. 
beaatified. XV. io5« 
becalm. XV. 583. 
becks, XI. co6, 
becomed, XlV. 509b 
bedfellow. IX. 317, 
bedlam. X. 187, 
bedlam bemn, XIV, io8« 
bedward. Xll, 43, 
beef wittcd. XI. 274* 
beetles, XV. 69. 
beg us. V. 345 
Begi^r and King, VIII. 335, 
beffuile the ru];^fitipa, VL 33 
bcSave. XL f6a 
behaviour. VIIL 5, 
behove, XV. 30a* 
behowb. V. i66, 
belches. XIII. 501, 
belching whale, XUL 493. 
beldame. Via 489, 
belee'd, XV, 383. 
Bell book and candle. VUI. 98. 
belongings, IV, 184* 
bemete, Vl. cao, 
bemoiled. Vl. 493, 
bend up. VII, 398, 
- ... IX. 351, 
bend you. XV, 34, 
bending. IX. 498. 
bends, adominga. XII. 479* 
beneath world. XI* 470* 
benefit. IX. 664, 
benefits. XI. ^6* 

XIV. 72. 

bent. XV. 99, 208% 
bent of honour. IV. 506b 
benumbed. XL 293. 
Bergomaik dance. V. 16c. 
bcril. IV. 238. 
Bermudas, ul. 28. 
belhrew. V. 67. 
beft. Ill, 7;. 



beft. IX. 3c6. 
. - . XII. 546. 
beft advantase. XV. 443, 
beft indued, IX, 325, 
beftow. VL 140. 
beftowed. IV. 291. 
beftraught. VI. 403. 
beftrid. X* 203, 

XIL 86, 178, 

beftride. IX. 22, 
beteem. V. 12* 
beteeme. XV. 37. 
better. VII. 4C0. 
. . -XL cjQ. 
better day. AiV. 215. 
Bevis. XL 12. 
bevy, XL 48. 
bewray. X. 223, 
.... XIV, 87, r87. 
beyond* III. 69. 
Boonian. IX, 134^ 

-^ X. 133. 

bias cheek. XL 379, 
bickerings, X, 92, 
bid. IV. C30, 

- . V. 44». 

- . VL 152. 

- -> X. 644, 

- -Xm.22Q, 

bid the bale, IIL 183, 
bigamy. X* 6o2» 
biegin. IX. 194, 
bilberry. III. 485. 
bilbo. III. 439, 
bilboes. XV. 322. 
bill. IX. 581. 
bills. IV. 477. 

VL20. 

. - -X. 133, 
'.• -XL 555. 
bin. XUL 74, 
bird-bolt. IV, 399, 
biflbn. XII. 64. 

- - - -XV. 145. 

bite my thumb. XIV. 32 8^ 
bitter. XV. 208. 
bitteijefts, VL 546. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL IKDEX. yii 



bitter fweeting. XtV» 426, ' 

black cornered night. XL 636. 

black man. IV. 464. 

Bkick-monday. V. 442. 

black prince. VI. 343. 

bbcks.VIL2t. 

blade of youth. VL 3^4. 

Uanch. Via 56. 

blanched. VII. 487. 

blank. XrV. 1$. 

• - - XV. 24c, c68. 

Uankandlevd. VII. 6c. 

Waft. XV. 29^ 

bleeding at nofe# V- 442. 

bleeding of dead bodies. X. 473. 

bleach. IV. 3C2. 

Vn.38. 

- - - - XI. 220, 2S6. 

XV. 151. 

blent. IV. 38. 

... V.470. 
blefs the mark. XV. 384. 
bkffing. VII. 76. 
blind worn. V. 6c, 
VU. 50a. 

- - - . ^ . XL 604. 
bliftered. XL 46. 
hUxk. rv. 402. 

. - -XIV. 24r. 
blood. IV. 432* 456. 

- • - IX. 620. 

. - - XL 296, 330, 578, 
. - -XIL i^, 182. 

. . -xm. 6. 

blood drinking. X. 96. 
blood and jodgement. XV. 179. 
bloodkft. XL 256. 
bloody fire. III. 491. 
bloody fpoil. X. 643. 
hlooAv youth. IX. t^x* 
hlau VUL 34. 
Mow. IIL91. 

- . - XL 193. 
blown. XII. 227* 682. 
XIIL 598. 

XIV. 221. 

blowi. XIL 606. 



bluebottle. IX. 238. 
blue caps. VUL 470. 
blue coats. VL 494* 
blunt. V. 448. 

blQtted. 'XIU.' 548 

bluih like a black dog. XlII. 3 ; jf. 

board. IV. 17. 

XV. lit. 

bobb'd. XV. 626. 
bodged. X. 239. 
bodkin. XV. i6d. 
Bohemian, III. 46^. 
boitier. III. 346. 
boldnefs. IV. 332. 
bolds. XIV. 262. 



boltered. VIL 

bolting hutch, v Jill. 477, 



bombard. VUL 477. 
bombaft. V. 367. 
.... Vln. 468. 
bona robas. IX. i22« 134. 
bonnetted. XIL 81. 
bonny fweet Robin. XV, 278. 
bons. XIV. 422. 
bony prifer. VL 44. 
book. Vin. 506. 
books. IV. 402. 
boot. IV. 2C2. 

— vn. 163. 

— vm. 198. 

- - - X. 629^ 688. 
• - - XL 240. 
boots. III. 170. 

— xiy. 296. 

boots, falhion of. VL 28 1, 
bo peep. XIV. 6i. 
bore. X. 250. 

XV. 282. 

bores. XL 20. 
borne in hand. XV. lOi. 
borrowed cap. IX. 6^» 
boiky. III. 122. 
bofom. IV. 34c. 
bofom's lord. XIV. C77^ 
bofomed. XIV. 261. 
botch. IV. 158. . 



a 4 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



viii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



bots. VIII. 414. 

- . - XIII. 447. 
bottle fpider, X. 500. 
bottom. III. 246. 

. XI. 3 j^ 

bottom of confcience. XI. 95. 
boneht and fold. VII. 2Ci. 

Vm. 167. 

IX. 624* 

.------- XI. 277. 

Boulogne gate. XV. 130. 

. mouth. XV. 130. 

boulted. IX. 32^. 
Bourchier CardmaL X. 549. 
bourn. VIL 21. 

- - - XI. 309. 

- - - XII. 409. 

- . . XIV. 178, 231, 
bow. VI. 107. 
bower, XII. 143. 
bowlines. XIII. 490. 
bowling. VII. 147, 
bow ftnngs. V. 28. 
brabe. Xul. 1 1 2« 
brace. XIII. 448. 

- - .XV. 413. 
brach. VI. 3 89. 
. - -XI. 280. 

XIV. 57, 182. 

braid. VI. 316. 
brain's flow. XI. 659, 
brake. IV. 218. 

- --V.77. 

* - - X. 299. 
brands. XIII. 88. 
bras. IX. 442. 
brafier. Xl. 191. 
braved. VI. cai. 

.X. 687. 

bravely IX. 433. 
bravery. IV. 203. 

VI. 62. 

brawl. V. 225. 
bray. VIII. 92. 
break. XIU. 364. 
break up. V. 247, 439, 

• ... - IX. J27. 



break with. III. 189. 
breaft. IV. 51. 
breath. VIII. 82. 

-XI. 300, 387, 610. 

breathed. XL 464, 560. 
br^thing courtefy. V. 53 J. 
breech. UI. 444. 
breeched. Vfly 438. 
breeches. IV. 228. 
breeching. VI. 468. 
breeds. IV. 242. 
brewers bucket. IX. 138. 
brewers horfe. VIII. 52 u 
bribe buck. 111, 482. 
bridal. XV. 569. 
bride bed. V. 1 70. 
brief. V. 143. 
VI. 26c. 

- - . VIII. 34, 561. 
briefly. XII* 599. 
bring. IX. 328. 
bring out. XI. 604. 
bring you. IV. 187. 
brize. XL 246. 

XII. ;j8. 

broach. XIII. 331. 
broached. IX. 473. 
brock. IV. 89. 
... XL 281. 
broffues. XIII. i68. 
broken. XL 164. 
broken mouth. VI. 257. 
broken mufick. VI. 22. 
broken points. VI. 474. 
broken fenfes. XIV. 186. 
broken tears. XL 371. 
broker. III. 180. 
Vin. 67. 

- . - - XI. 4C0, 

XV. 57. 

brokes. VI. 294. 
brooch. XL 280. 
brooched. XII. 538. 
brooches. IX. 78. 
brooded. VIII. 102. 
broom groves. III. 121. 
brotherhood. XI, 254. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



IX 



419. 



Ixroaglit. XII. 262. 
brow of yoQth. X. 203.. 
biowo paper. IV. 336. 

XIV. 234. 

Brownift. IV. io8. 
brows. XV. 211. 
bmifing irons. X* 674. 
bmit. X. 362. 
• - - XI. 647. 
bfiiited. VII. 576. 
.... IX. 560. 
bmfh of time. X. 203. 
bmtilh fting. VI« 6t. 
Brutus. X. 133. 
bockk. IX. 18. 
backkr. VUI. 457. 
bucklers. IV. C44. 
Buckleribury. III. 4 
bad.-XIII. 2c. 
buff jerkio. VIII. 375, 
bog. X. 376. 
buggle boe. IX. 336. 
bu^ IV. 412. 
bugs. VI. 436. 

XIU. 196. 

XV. 325- 

bulk. X. CIO. 

XV. or. 

bully rock, UI. 33a 
bumbard. III. 76. 
bumbards. XI* 19^* 
bun^. IX. 84. 
bnndng. VI. 275* 
burgonet. X. i9i« 

.. XII.. 4C2. 

Burgnndy* Ifabd, dncheft of, 

X. 2c8. 
burial. Xv« '314* . 
burial feaft. XIV. 526. 
burthen of a wooing dance. VI* 

4^7- 
Burton heath. VI. 402. 

burn day light. IIL $c6, 

XIV. 370. 



burft. VI. 386. 

- - ,. IX. 147. 

- - . XIU. 527. 



burft. XV. 389. 
bury. VIII. 318. 
buih at taverns. VI. 172. 
bulky. VIIL 563. 
but. III. 19.. 
--.VI. 470. 

XII. 4x1, 61 c, 649. 

but Ihaft. V. 208. 
buttery. VI. 398, 
buxom. IX, 374. 
buy and fell. Xl. 23. 
buy this dear. V. 117. 
buz. XV. 131. 
by the mafs. IX. 225. 



caddis garter. VIII. 447. 

caddiflcs.VIL 135. 

cade. X. i ^6. 

cadent. Xlv. 71. 

ca^. X. 138. 

Cain-coloured. III. 343. • - 

caitiff. Vm. 203. 

Caius. Dr. III. 346. 

cake is dough. VI. CAt. 

Calchas. XI. 224. 

calculate. XIL 266. 

cakndar. XV. 332. 

calendars^ old. XIII. 442. 

calf's Ikin. vm. 79. 

CalipoHs. IX. 92. 

caliver. IX. 138. 

call. XII. 446. 

called. X. 271. 

callct. XV. 604. 

calling. VI. 26. 

Cambridge, Richai^, carl of. 

IX. 303. 
Camclot. XIV. 98. 
camomile. VIII. 473. 
canaries. III. 377. 
canary. V. 22 (. 

VI. 238. 

caned. XIII. 408. 
cancel. XI. 305. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



candle caies. VI. 474. 
candle mine. IX. io$« 
candle wailen. IV« 541. 
candles of the nighu V. 559. 
candlefticks. IX. 424. 
canker. IV. 420. 

vm. 405. 

canker bloflbm. V. 107. 
cankers. VUL ^^i. 
cannibals. IX. 90^ 
cannon. XV. 36- 
canopied. XIlI. 67* 
canftick. VUI. 494. 
cantle. VUL 492. 
,-.-XIIci6. 
canton. VIII. 495.. 
cantons. IV. 41. 
canras. IX. 96, C30. 
canvas climb^. XIIL 537* 
cap. XI. 6x8. 
-.-XV. 328.^ 
cap with fulpicion. IV. 409. 
capable. V. 26 c. 
. - - -VL 204. 

- . . -vin. 6s. 

. • . - X. 563. 

• " • "^J;/''7; 354- 

- - - - XIV. 86. 

- - - -XV. 333, JC3. 
capable imprcflure. VI. 1x7. 
caparifon. All. 574. 
Capell's monument. XIV. ^^^^ 
capitulate. VIII. 517. 
capocchia. XI. 362. 
capricious. VI. xo3* 

captain. VI. 200. 

captain of complimeiits. XIV. 

420. 
captious. VL 127. 
captivate. IX, 559. 
carack. XV. 404. 
caraways. IX. 223. 
carbonado. VIII. 582. 
farbonadoed. VI. 346* 
carbuncle. XIII, 22 x» 296. 
carbuncles. XV. 142. 
c^. VIL 345, 



card. XV. 307, 332. 

carded, ym. ^n. 

Cardaus Benedi^uc IV. 491, 

care. IX. 20a 

- - - XIV. 482. 

care killed a cat. IV. 528. 

careful. IV. 140. 

carieres. Ill; 32 x. 

carkanet. VII. 245. 

carl. XIII. 192. 

carlot. VI. 122. 

xm. 192. 

carnal. X. 629. 



XV. ^58. 

carowfes. XV, 34.8. 
carpet kniebt. IV. 126. 



carpets. VI. 492* 
carping^ VUL ji2. 
carriage. XV, 14. 
carries. XII. 554. 
carry. XI. iS, 44a 
carry coals. IX. 356. 

XIV. 32y. 

carry out. XIV. 265. 
cart. XV. X89. 
carve. V, 333. 
carvel. V. 399. 
carving fafhion. IV. 447. 
Cafe. IV. xc8> 2C4. 
... VI. 302. 

. - - vn. 277- 

cafe of lives. IX. 353. 
cafed. XIII. 584. 
cafed lion. VUL 8?. 
cafes. XIIL coc. 

XIV. 239. 

cafques. IX. 264. 
caflock. VI. 325. 
caft. III. 69* 

IV. 282. 

. . - VIL 430. 
-^ • - IX. 209. 

XIIL 443. 

XV. 394, 479. 

caft beyond the moon. XV. 97* 
caft in his mood. XV. 496* 
caft lips. VI. xii. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX xi 

€aft tlie water. VIL 56». dudlenge. XL 89. 

CaftiliaD. III. 392. challenging XL 431. 

CafKliano vo^go. IV. 15. chamb^. X. 54^ 

caftle. XL 421. chamberers. aY. ^^^. 

XIU. 30Q« chambers. IX. 79, 349^ 

cat in bottle. IV. 412. XL 52. 

Cttaian. IIL 363. change. XII. 72. 

IV. 58. changeling. V. 31. 

caich. IV. 57. VIL 99. 

catch mere fimplidty, XL 374* XV. 328. 

catling. XIV. 530* channel. X. 269* 

catlings. XL 354. chantry. IV. 150. 

cayaltfocs. IV. 229. chaos is come i^ain. XV. ^13, . 

caraliero. IIL 36^ chap. XIV. 431. 

caveto. IX. 336. chapman. V. 2101. 

caviare. XV. 137. charader. VII. 96. 

cantel. XV. 48. XIV. 85. 

caatelons. Xli. i6o» 283. XV. 51. 

caoteiize. XL 643. charaAery. III. 489. 

ceafe. VL 36J. . - XII. 294. 

- • - X. 19^. charads. IV. 358. 
ceafed. XI. 510W chares. XII. 643. 
ccnfer. VL 519. charge. IV. 405, 476. 

- • - - IX. 238. charge houfe. V.^ 307. 
cenfore. IIL 179. charieft. XV. 49. 
... - VIL 48. charinefs. IIL 3C9. 

- ... IX. 557, 669. Charles wain. Vin. 413, 
.... X. 27, 86, $39. charm. X. 127, 389. 
... - XL 11. - - - . XV, 643. 
. Xin. 469* charmed. VIL r78. 

.... XIV. 268. xm. 197, 

. — . XV. 52» 664. charmer. XV. 562. 

ceafnred. IV. '214. charnico. X. 62. 

Vin. 49. charter. VI. 60. 

centre. XL2C2. .... XU. 51, 

ceotnries. XU. 47. .... XV. 433. 

ccfemcmioQS. X. ^ji. chafe. XL 338. 

XIL 24$. chafte as the icicle. XII. 216. 

certes. III. io$. Chatham, clerk of. X. i^q. 

. V. 271. chaadron. VII. 503. 

. Vn. 290* cheater. IX. 82. 

XL 13. check. XIII. 1 1 1. 

XV. 378. checking. XV. 285. 

cefs. VIIL 413. cheer. V. 95, 161, 482. 

chace. IX. 298. ... IX. 520. 

chafes. XL 464. cherry pic Iv. 121. 

chalice. XIII. 73. cheveril. XL 7& 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Xll 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



chcvcril. XIV. 428. 
chcvcril dove. IV* 97, 
chew. XII. 245. 
chewet. VIII. 564. 
chide. IX. 34c. 
chide with. XV. 605. 
chides. XII. 360. 
chiding. V. 128. 

XI. I20, 24> 

Xni. 488. 

chief. XV. C2. 
child. XIV. 172. 
child chang^. XIV. 252. 
child of honour. XL 146. 
childing autumn. V. 49. 
china dilhes. IV. 223. 
chop logick. XIV. 492.- 
choppine. XV. 135. 
chopping VIII. 337. 
chorus. XV. 195. 
chough. III. 70. . 

. XV. 330. 

choughs. V. 90. 
chriftendom. VIII. 118. 
chriftendoms. VI. 201. 
chryfom. IX. 330. 
chryftal button. VIII. 445. 
chryftal glafs. Vll. 512. 
chr^'ftals. IX. 336, 505. 
chuck. V. 309. 

VII. 469. 

XII. 598. 

chuffs. VIII. 430. 
cicatrice. VI. 1 17, 
circummured. IV. 317. 
circuniffance. III. 246, 

XV. 378. 

circumftanced. XV. 572. 
cital. VIII. 573. 
cite. III. 209. 
cittern head. V. 355. 
civil. IV. 1 1 6. 
... VI. 83. 

IX. 153, 293. 

XIII. 141. 

XIV. 458. 

civileft. X. 1589 



clack difii. IV. 304. 
clamour. VIL 96* 138. 

XIV. 218. 

clang. VI. 435. 

clap. VII. 17* 

clap hands. IX. 487. 

clap in, IV. 340. 

clapped i'the clout. IX. 127.- 

Clarence* Lionel^ duke of. IX. 

^66. 
claw. rV. 420. 
clean. VII. 216. 

VIII. 267- 

XI. 585. 

.... XII. 264. 
clean kam. XI i. 131. 
clear life. III. 1 1 r. 
deareft. XIV. 232. 
cleave. III. 130. 
cleaving the pin. V. 255. 
clerkly. III. 198, 467. 
clejr. XI. II, 207. 
clilr. XI. 407. 
cling. VII. 571. 
clinquant. XI. 11. 
clip. III. 121. 
- - . XII. 608, 683. 
clipped^ XII. 177. 
clippeth. VIII. 1 97. 
clipping. VII. 189. 
clofe. VIII. 227. . 
clofe. exploit. X. 6x4. 
clofely. VlII. 124. 
clothier's yard. XIV. 234. * 
clouds. IX. 112. 

XII. 623. 

clout. V. 2C4. 

X1Y.23S. 

clouted. XUI. i^. 
clown. VI. 212. 
clown's drcfs, IV. 25. 
clubs. VI. 151. 

XI. 193. 

XII. 277^ 

XIV. 331. 

clutch. VII. 406, - 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xiii 



dotciL vni. 67. 

clatched. XII. ict. 
coach feUow. III. 371. 
coaft. X. Z26. 
coaftine welcome XL 382* 
cobloat XI. 276. 
cock. Vn. 4Z«. 

XI. 524. 

XIV. ^^^. 

. - - XV. 264. . 
cock and pyc. III. 329. ■ 

... IX. 207. 

cock crowing. XV. 34. 
cock ftiut time X. 669. 
cockatrice. X. 609* 
cockle XIL 114. 
cockle hat. XV. ifio* 
cockled. V. 294. 
cockles. XIIL 550. 
cockney. IV. 136. 

XIV. 111. 

codding. XIII. 352. 
codling. IV.. 33. 
«;odpiece. III. 224. 
comt of Darias. IX. 548. 
coficn. XIII. 493« 
coffin. VI. CI 8. 

— xiii: 361. 

XIV. 122. 

cog. V. 32c. 
cogging, xr. ^39. 
coj;nizance. XIIu 91. 
coigne VII. 382. 
coienes. XIII. 480. 
coiL rV. 545. 
Colbraad. VIIL 24. 
. - - - - XL 191. 
cold. VL 194. 

IX. 284. 

cold moving. XL 528. 
collea^ued. XV. 26. 
colledion. XIII. 234^ 
collied. V. 13. 

XV. 491. 

collier. IV. 121. 
coUop. IV. 6c8. 
Colmcs inch. VIL 34«w 



ColfflCi kill VIL 4f(S. 
colour. XIII. 99. 
coloured beards. V. 27. 
colours. IX. §63, 
colt. V. 227, 409. 
. . . VIII. 487, 
columbines. XV. 267. 
comart. XV. 13, 
combinateiV. 291. 
combine. IV. 34r. 

VL i4. 

come bird. XV. 83. 
come by. V« 408. 
. come off*. IIL 473. 

come your ways. VL 240. 
comfort. XIL 203. 
comforting. VlJ, 68. 

XIV. 174. 

comes o£ IV. 221. 

* comes off* well. XL 467. 
commence. IX. 181. 
commend. ViL 76^ 4c z. 

Vm. 289. 

XL 79. 

commends. VII. 3^9. 
comment. VI. 266. 

• commiffion. XIV. 273, 502. 
commie. XIV. 160. 
committed. XV. 601. 
commodities. X. 163. 
commodity. VIIL 56. 

IX. 41. 

common proof. All. y^. 
common fenfe. IX. 1 68. 
common trade.l VIIL 291. 
commonty. VL 410. 
commune XV. 280. 
compad of jars. VI. j8. 
companies. IX. 273. 
companion. VL 370. 

XIL 171,210,362. 

XIIL 63. 

XV. 605. 

;9mpany. VL 319. 
. . ..XIL 287. 
compare. XI. ^31.. 
comparifon. lA. 664. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



x£y GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 

comparitiYe* VIIL 578^ ^14^ condolement. XV. js. 

compafled cape. VI. ^ 21. condu^ IIL 156. 

compailed window. Xi. 235. ... -VIIL jio. 

compaffionate. VJII. 213. • « - - X. 71. 

compatible* JV. 34^ " " *. * ^V. 45*. 

competicor. III. 221. conduits. XIV* 401. 

IV. 140. coney catched. vL J40» 

XIL442« 516. con^ catcher. III. 31c. 

competitors.. V. 2 1 3. contefs and be hanged. XV. 576* 

.... X. 65 j^. confeffion. XI. 264. 

complain. VIIL 203. confirm. XI. 40^. 

complexion. XV. 62. conformable. Ju. 86. 

compliment. V. 19a confound. XII. 42* 412, ^30 

IX. 324. Xin. 31, 6oow 

comply* XV. 130, 388. confounded. IX. 350. 

compofition. XV. 411. confounds. XL 317. 

compofture. XI. 627. oonp^ and fennd. IX. 98. 

con thanks. XI. 623. conned. XV. ciq. 

con him thanks. VL 324. conjeduie. IV. 501. 

concealed wills. VIII. i68. conjuring. XV, 252. 

conceit. Vfl. 279. oonfent. v. 342. 

- - - . VIIL 102, 249. - - - - VIL 403. 
.... X. JC79. .... VIII. 202. 

... - Xin. 487. .... IX. 44*ai2ft2909 5i9» 
.... XIV. 44f. 506. 

- - - - XV. 232. . - - - XI. 643. 
conceived to fccj)e. XL 473* - - - - ^H* 95* 
conception. XIII. 39j. confider. XIIL 74. 

- . - - . .XV. 114, coofidered. Vn. 171. 
concludes. VIIL 14. confign. XIIL 174. 
conclufions. XIL 638. configned. XL 370. 

XIIL 39. confift. XUI. 432. 

...... XV. 240, 548. confort. III. 248. 

concolinoL V. 224. confuls. XV. 38a. 

concu^. XL 420. confume. XIII. c24. 

condition. V. 412* confammation. AlU* 174* 

- . . ^ . VL 29. conftancy. V. 141. 
----•> IX. 178* 478> 494* conftant. IV. 142. 
* - . - - XIL 291. . - - - VI. 123. 

. XIV. 30. .... XL 333. 

..... XV. 473, 587. .... XII. 21. 

conditions. III. 238. .... XIV. 8» 260. 

.-.-.- VI. 326. conftantly. IV. 316. 

...... IX. 407. conftradUon. VIL 364* 

...... XIIL 488# conftrue me. IX. 440. 

...,., XIV. 218. contain. V. 538. 

condole. V. 23. contemptible fpirit. IV. 457* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. x^ 

content* XI. 24$, Corinth. Xl. (i8. 

continent. XIL 6a6. Corinthian. VIII. 442. 

. XIV. 148. coricy. XIV. 190. 

XV. 257, conUary. III. it8« 

continents. V. 42. coronet, IX. 66^^^ 

confinnate. XI. 264* corporal. V. 276L 

. . - « . XV. 570. corporal of the fidd. 240. 

cotttraAion. XV. 224. corrigible. XII. 630. 

contraries. XI. C7C. corrcmve. X. 116. 

contrarioos onefts. IV. 819. corruptibly, VIIL 17 j^» 

contrary. XIV. 586. coftara, V. 229, 230, 

contrive. VI. 430. • - - . X. ri6w 

.... XIL 30d. XIV. 247. 

cootroL III. 48. coftermonger. I a. 39. 

Vni. d. cote. V. s6S. 

convenient. XIV. 148. ooted. XV. 12a 

convent. IV. 171, 364. Cotfwold. IX. lai. 

convented. XI. 164* Cocfwold eamea. III. 312. 

coBveriation. X,. ^87. coach. XV. 616. 

....... XII. CIO. council, IIL 308* 

XIIL 434. coonfeUor. XV. 468. 

convfltfe. XIV. j^r. coonL XV. 320. 

conrerfe of lueath. V, 363. countenance. IV. 362. 

convcrtite. VUL 152. VIII. s^3* 

convey. III. 310. counter. VI. 61. 

XIV.^ ^ . . . .XV. a6Q. 

conveyance. IX. $27. counter cafter. XV. 384. 

- X. 326. countercheck. VIII. 44. 

conve y ed. IX. 281. counterieit. V. 474. 

conveyers. VIIL 317. • . - - • .VI. 310, 

conviaed. VIIL 105. VIIL 77. 

convince. VIL 396* 534. ...... XL 295. 638. 

• XL 2QO. counterpoints. VL 461. 

convinced.. XIIL 34* 421. counters. VIL 112. 

convive, XL 398. counties. IV. cii. 

.... XV.r75. VIIL 151. 

cooling card. IX. 6jo. XIV. 375, 489. 

copatain hat. VL 539^ county. IV. 42. 

cope, VL 41. .... VL 304. 

- - - XL s$, couplement. V. 349, 

. ^ - XIIL C64. courier. VIL 390. 

Copbema. V. 248. courfe. VIL 574. 

IX, 232. r - . XIV. 102. 

XIV. 394. courfers' hair. All, 432. 

oopp'd. Xllf. 407, courfes. IIL 8. 

o^. VIL 296. Court cupboard. XIV. 379. 

coiagio. IIL i;7. uourtof guatfl. IX. ^4^. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xvi GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



court of gaaid. XII. 6x r. 

XV. ^75, 492. 

court holy water. XIV. 145. 
court of wards. VII. 300. 
courtfies. IV. 85, 512. 
courtefy. VIII. cio. 

.XV. 468. 

courtezans pidures. XIIL 539. 
counlhip. XIV. 469. 
coufin. Vin.4t2. 

X.(:3i. 

XIV. 382, 

coufins. IV. 419. 
cowed. XIH. 546* 
cowers. Xill. 540. 
cowlftafF. Iff. 423* 
coxcomb. III. 49c. 

XIV. 56. 

coy. V. 119 

coyed.XII. 200. 

coyftril. IV. ic. 

.... XIII. 567. 

cozien catches. IV, 6i. 

crab. V. 37. ... 

crabs. V. 377. 

crack. VII. 33J. 

... IX. 127, 

Xil. 30. 

crack of doom. VIL ft 2. 
cracked crowns. VIII..^o. 
cracked in the ring. Xv7 136. 
craftied. XIII. 119. . 
craftily qualified. XV. ^8i. 
cranking. VIII. 492. 
cranks. XII. 13. 
craie. XIII. 167. 
craven. VI. 454. 

XV. 256.. 

cravens. XIII. 124* 
cream. V. 402. 
create. IX. 319. 
credent. IV. 148* 3CI. 

VIII. 22. 

creep. XI. 345. 
crefcivc. Ix. 274. 
creffets. VIII. 487. 
Creffid'skind.IX. 



J»4- 



. crewel. XIV. 112. 

cries on. XV. 623. 

crifp.III. 125. 

Vin. 397. 

- - - XI. 604. 

crifped. V. 47 r. 

Crifpian. IX. 431. 

critical. V. 144. 

XV.464. 

critick. V. 283. 

XI. 416. 

crocodile tears. XV. 590 

crone. VII. 70. 

crooked. VIlI. 236. 

Cro(by-placc. X. 483. - - 

crofs. VI. 48. 

crofs bow. X. 483. 

crofs eartered. IV. 93. 

crofled. XI. 501. 

croflb, V. 199. 
♦ — - IX. 39. 

crowkeeper. XIV. 233, 363. 

crown up. XI. 332* 

crowned. XL C26» 609. 

Xin. 586. 

crowner's queft law. XV. 298. 

crownet. XII. ^18. 

crowns. XIIL $^40. • - - 

crulh a cup. XIV. 353. 

cnifhed. XI. 299. 

cruzadoes. XV. 556. 

cry. XIL 155, 194. 

XV. 199. 

cry aim. IIL 396^ 409. 

VIIL43. 

cry havock. VIIL 51. 

.. XIL 129. 

cry woe. XIV. 147. 
. ciy'd game. IIL 395. 

crys on. XV. 357. 

cub-drawn. XIV. 139. 

cuckow. VIIL f66, 
. cuckow buds. V. 374. 

cudgel thy brains. XV. 301. 
. cue. IX. 384. 

- - X. y77- 
148. 



:::l^' 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xvU 

ciKt. V. 79* Damafcas. IX. c$i, 

coiftt. VIIL 547« damn. XU. 340. 

auming. VI. 416* dancing rapier. XIII. 177* 

- - - - • VIIL 4j8. dancing fwocds. VI. 234* 

XL 656. danger. V. 508. 

XUL 498. dank. VIII. 413. 

XV. 509. Danikers. XV. 90. 

CDnninp of a carper. XI. 607. dare. IV. 350. 

curb. XV. 235. XL 126. 

coriew. XIV. i6c. dark hoafe. VL 270. 

corfew beU. XIV. 517. darker. XIV. 7. 

caried. XV. 406. darkUng.V. 69. 

cnxioiis. VI. C26fc - ... - XIL 6$6. 

. . . . XIL 528. ..... XIV. 63. 

cmiofity. XL oid. darknefs. XIIL 128. 

• - - - <^ XrV. 5» 32* dameh IX. 594. 

cuncnts. VIII. 437. ..... XIV. 220. 

cnrfed. IX. 289. darraign. X. 264. 

- - . - XL 43(x date. Xl. 241. 
cufft. V. 108. dates. XIV. 517. 

- . . Vn. 100. daub. XIV. 201^ 
curtail dog. III. 359. daubery. III. 4;3. 
cnrtkaxe. VI. 35. dawning., XI V. 89* 
coikion. VllL 472* day bed. IV. 84. 
cnftonu VIL 192. ...... X. 596. 

cn ftom er . VI. 372. day and night. XIV, 47, 

VIL 289. day of feafon. VL 356. 

..... XV. 583. day woman. V. 206. 

cut. IV. 67. dead as door nai]. IX. 23;* 

. . VIIL 415. ..X. 175. 

cut and long tail. III. 429. deafened ports. XIII. 577, 

cutler's poetry. V. 535. deal upon. X. 617. 

cuttle. IX. 84. deals and lives. Vl. 115^ 

Cyoick. XL 6io. dealt on. XIL ^6j. 

Cypids. X.' 112. dear. IV. 1^4. 

cypreft. IV. 71, 105. ... V. 373. 

VIL 230. 

— vm. 589. 

D. IX. 620. 

... X. 519. 

daC IV. 524. * - . XL 423, 424, 649. 

dafied. IV. 4f& ... XIV. 218. 546. . 

daggers of lattu VIIL 4;;. dear expence. V. 21. 

d^ers wearing. XIV. 562. dear foul. XV. 178. 

difly. XV. 278. deareft. V. 209. 

dale. IX. 174. Vin. C17. 

daDy.IV. 71. * . . . XV. 49, 418. 

Vol. hi. b 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xviii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



dearn. XIIL 480. 

. . - XIV. 193. 

dearth, XV. 333. 

death tdcens. XI. 304. 

death's fool. IV* 273. 

death's head. IX. 97* 

debitor. XV. 38^ 

debitor and creditor. XIIL 209* 

debofhed. III. 9c. 

VI. 3^. 

Decimns finitus. XII. 246* 
deck of cards. X. 371* 
decked. IIL 21. 
decline. X. 6$t. 
- - . - XI. 297. 
declined. XI. 393. 

XIL573. 

deed. XI. 6ss» 
deem. XI. 372. 
defamy. XII. 89. 
default. VI. 268. 
defeat. VI. 263. 
.... XV. *49, 446. 
defeatures. VII. 230, 309. 
defence. VI. 106. 
defend/ XV. 441. 
defenfiblc IX. 72. 
defering. XIII. 146. 
defiance. IV. 287. 
dcfteft. IV. 515. 
deftly. VII. 507. 
defy. VIII. 107, 407* 
.- .XIV.C48. 
delations. XV. 516. 
delay. IV. cc. 

XU. 4C. 

delighted, rv. a8c. 

XIII. 206. 

.... - XV. 442. 
demerits. XII. 24. 

. XV. 400. 

demife. X. 641. 
demurely. XII. 613. 
denay. IV. 79. 
denayed. X. 27. 



denier. X. 48 
denotements^ 



f8c. 

J. XV. 51 J. 



denude. XI. 580. 
depart. V. 216. 
departed. VUL 6c. 

XI. 486. 

departing. X. 294. 
draend. XIIL 183. 
... - XIV. 68- 
deprive. XIV. 32. 

- . . .XV.70. 
deracinate. IX!. 482. 

- - - . -XI. 253. 
derogate. XIV. 71. 
defcant. III. 183. 

- . . - X. 462. 
dcfert IIL 208. 

defert inacceffible. VL 64* 
deferved. XII. 130, 
defigned. XV. 14. 
defired. XV. 471, 
defoatched. XV. 78. 
deiperate. XIV. ^79. 
jdeiperatd^ mortal. IV. 332* 
defpifed time. XV. 393. 
deteaed. IV» 203. 
determine. XII. 220* 585. 
determined. IX. 197, 630. 
------ X. 487. 

deteftable. XIV. 546. 
devife engines. Xv, 61 o. 
dewberries. V. 84. 
Diable. XV. 488. 
'Diana. VI. 130. 
Dian's bad. v. izc* 
Diana's foreaen. VIII. 368. 
Diana's prieftefs. XIII. 57. 
dibble. VIL 126. 
Diccon. X. 688. 
Dido. XV. 139. 
die, VI. 115. 
die men like dogs. IX. 91. 
die the death. Vl. 260. 

V. 9. 

XIII. i^. 

die upon. V. 61. 
diet. Vl. 368. 
...XIIL i|0. 
dificrencc. XV. 273. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xix 



dUbied. m. 461. 
difinled. IX. 485. 
.... X. 475. 
- . - -XIV. 50. 
dierdi. VI. 4,70. 

digreffion. V. 205. 

dmtions. XV. cic, 

dildos.VIL 133. 

dikminas. VI. 301. 

dimmed. XV. 16. 

dine with duke HumBhry. X. 

6j6. 
dint. XII. 329. 
dire^itude. XII. 182. 
difable.VI. i»5. 

. DC. 649. 

difappointed. XV. 78. 
difcandy. XIL 586. 
difclofc. XV. j68, 319. 
difcomfort. VII. 334. 
difcontentine. VII. i $7. 
difcoDtents. VIII. 567- 

-^ XIL 446. 

difcovenr. XV. 162. 
difcoorfe. IV. 149. 
difcofs. IX. 440. 
difdained. VlU. 403. 
difcafe. IX. cic, 
difcafes. XIV. 20. 
difeafes of horfes. VI* 429. 
dtfedged. Xm. 124. 
difgrace. XII. 10. 
difhabitcd. VIII. 44. 
didike. XIV. 403. 
difmes* X^. 283. 
difnatured. XIV. 71. 
diipartcd. Vin. 268. 
dilpofe. XII. 634. 
ifpofirion. XV. 68. 



dilpon 
difpofi 

difoutablc. VI. 54. 
difpQtalion. XIL C78. 
di(pute.Vn. ito. 

. - . .XIV. ;7i. 

difleat. VIL C55. 
diflcmbk. IV. 139. 
di&mbling. X. 462^ 524, 532. 



diilain. VII. 240. 
diftance. VII. 459. 
diftafte. XL 289. 
diftemper. IX. 114, 32a 
diftemperature. V* 48. 
diftempered. VIII. 143. 
diftempered draughts. XV. 389. 
diftraught. XIV. 516. 
Ditis. X. 38. 
divert. VI. 45. 
dividable. Xi. 254. 
divine integrity. xL 391. 
divifion. XlV. 482. 
divifions. VIIL 500. 
do. V. 480. 

- - IX. 362. 
. - XIIL 179. 
do bim dead. X. 244.* 
do his kind. XII. 676. 
do me right. IV. 529. 
...... IX. 229. 

do you juftice. XV. 482* 
doers. IV. 339. 
doiF. VIL 538. 
. - - Vm. 79. 564. 
. . - XIL 599. 
doing. VL 268. 
.--.VIL 35. 
dole. VIIL 429. 
... IX. 20. 
dollors, IV. 191. 
dolour. III. 53. 
dolours. XIV. 116. 
Dolphin. VL 254. 

XIV. 163. 

don. XII. 460. 
. . . XIIL 262. 

- , . XIV. 367. 
don'd. XV. 263. 
done. IV. 193. 
. . * IX. 623, 630. 
... X. 339* 
...XLC35. 

. . . XIIL 330. 
done to death. lY. 54^. 

X. 25s. 

doves. XIL 214* 

b 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XX 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Dover CU£ XIV. «6. 
double. V. CAO^ 

XV: 398. 

double tongue. V. 6c. 
double vouchers. XV. 306. 
doubt. XII. I20. 
dout. IX. 421. 

XV. 6$. 

dowle. IIL 109* . 
down a down. IIL 34c. 

XV.273. 

down sjved. XV. 94. 
DowfiSel. VIL ^^^. 
drachma. XII. 342. 
dragons of the night XIIL 70. 
drave. XIL 423. 
draught. XL 405* 639. 
draw. IV. 227. 

I I I v'ni?^542. 

• - - IX. 57. 

drawn. III. 74. 
X. 663. 

drawn fox. Vul. 53a 
dread lord. X. 559. 
dreadful lay. X. 19;. 
drcfs. VIIL 298. 
- - - IX. 402. 
dreffingj. IV. 358. 
drink. XL 473 • . 
drink in. III. 412. 
driven bed. XV. 432* 
drollery. IIL 104. 
drone. VII. 244. 
droppine. XV. « c. 
drowned^ XIIL 603. 
drum.XV. C42. 
drumble. IIL 42 2» 
-dry. m. 18. 
dry foot, VIL 276. 
dry hand. IV. 18, 428; 
due dame* VL $5. 
dudgeon. VII. 406. 
due. IX. 610. 
duelling. VL 164. 



Duke.V.6. 
duke. IX. 3C5. 
dulcet diieaies. VL 162. 
dull. IX. lofi, 338. 
dull eyed. V. 484* 

XHL414. 

dullard. XIII. 225. 
Dumbleton. IX. 26» 
dumbs. XIIL C70. 
dump. HL 249. 

XIV. 527. 

dun. VII. 3^7. 

dun out of the mire. XIV. 368* 
dun's the moufe. XIV. 367. 
dungy earth. VIL 59. 
dupp'd. XV. 263* 
durance. VIII. 375. 
dufty death. VIL $70. 
dying beards. IV. 333. 
dying hair. IV. 448. 

E. 

eager. X. 29c. 

XV. s^. . 

eagles lonfi;evity. XL 6o8. 
eanlings. v. 416. 
car, VIIL 382. 
. . XIL 448. 
ear kiffiaE. XIV. 80. 
.earned. XlII. 51;. 
can. VL 216. 
eadi. X. 68. 
eafe. XV. 331. 
Eaftcheap. Vm. 44.1. 
eafy. X. 78. 
• - - XII. 209. 
eatnofiih. XIV. ;i. 
Ebrew Jew. VIIL 458. 
eche. XIIL 479. 
ccftacy. IIL 113. 

IV. 456. 

VIL 46+, J37. . 

edge of a featherbed. V. 43^. 
Edward Shovdboards. Ill* 3 1 8« 
eels. XIII. J43. 
ciea. X« 487. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xxi 



cflfeas. rv. 275;. 

. XV. 134, 252. 

egti. V. 486. 

egg and butler. Vm. 418. 

eggs for inoiiejr. VIL 23. 

ttther. V. 73. 

eke. IX. 349. 

dd. III. 460. 

- . IV. 275, 

cider mften. XV. 344. 

ekaent. XIV. 138. 

elements, XI. 13. 

. - - - XIL 528. 

elephants' joints. XI. 300. 

df hair. XTV. 108. 

Elixir. III. 159. 

dvfis. IIL 141. 

elTilh maricod. X. 498. 

diriih fprites. VII. 242. 

EmanneL X. 141. 

emballing XI. .78* 

embar. lA. 283. 

enharanements. XIL ^9. 

cmbofled. VL 302» 391. 

yuis3s. 

• .••'• XI. 649* 

XIL62a. 

XIV. 132. 

cmbowcUed. X. ^3. 
embraoed heavinefs. V. ^^^ 
emperictttick. XIL 66» 
empeiy. IX. 294. 

Xm j;6- 

cmpkmnent. Iv. 87. 

XIV. 272. 

emulation. IX. 625. 
----- XL 293. 
----- XIL 19, 306, 
emulous. XL 298, 308. 
en* XIIL 437. 
enadtures. Xv. 192, 
encave. XV. jrSi. 
encounter. Vll. 83. 

Xra. 25. 

end. in. 266. 
enfeoflf. VIIL 514. 
enforce XIL 106, 



b3 



engaged. VIIL ;6o, 572. 
engine. III. 62. 

XIV. 69. 

Engtiflunan's fuit. IV. 470. 
engrois. X. co^* 
engroiEng. AlV. cca^ 

ene1aflh1Lts.1x.19;. 

euKindle. VII. 357, 
enmefh. XV. coo. 
enmew. IV. 282. 
enonymus. XIV, 109. 
enormous. XIV. 105. 
enridged. XIV. 232. 
enfconce. VI. 253. 
enfeamed. XV. 231. 
enfliield beauty. IV. 262* 
enfteeped. XV. 461* 
enfues. XIIL 109. 
entertain. XII. 167939c. 

Xm. 181. 

entertainment. XV. 531. 
endit point. XIV. 26. 
entreatments. XV. 57. 
envious. X. 68. 
envioufly. XV. 258. 
envy. V. 49c, 506. 

IX. 6i6. 

• - . X. 324. 

- - - XL 61, loi, 326. 

- - • XIL 48* 148, 1524 28;» 

668. 

— xm.ci8. 

Ephefian. III. ^64. 
----- IX. 67. 

epileptick vifage. XIV. 98* 
epitome. XU. 217. 
equal. XL 21. 
e(]ualities. XIV. 5. 
equipage. IJI. 371. 
erewhile. V. 249. 
erin^;oes.nL 481. 
Erpingbam, Sir Thomas. IX 

402. 
erring. XV. 448. 
Erynnys. VIIL 357, 
efcape. XIII. 332. 
efcheator. IIL jjjt 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



efcoted. XV* 127. 
Efil. XV.316. 
Efpcrancc, VIII. 57 j. 
cfpialls. IX. ^j^. 

XV. 154. 

effay. XIV. s^. 
eflential. XV. 458. 
cftate. XV. Z13. 
cftccm. VI. ^^^. 
eftimable. IV. 4J. 
eftimate. XII. i j;^. 
eftimation. VIII, 411. 
eftridgcs. VIII. 944. 
eternsu plant. X. 324. 
cterne. VII. 465. 
even. XII. 284. 

XIV. 258. 

Xy.476. 

even chriftian. XV. 299. 
ever among. IX, 225. 
everlaftiDg. VII. ^75, 
€vil diet. X. 470. 
evils. IV. 246- 

XI. 60. 

eunuchs. IV. 12. 

- - - . V. 143. 
examined. VI. 294. 
excellent diflfercnces. XV. 332. 
excrement. V. 309,471. 

VII. 167. 

excrements. XV, 233. 
execute. XI. 443. 
execution. XV. 552. 
executors, IX. 293. 
exempt. VII. 241. 

- - - - IX. 567. 
exercife. X. C72. 
... - XV. 558. 
exhale. IX. 313. 
exhibition. III. 190* 

XIV. 35. 

----- XV. 432. 
exigent. IX. 573. 
exorcife. X. 34. 
exorcifcr. XUI, 174, 
exorcift. VI. 373. 

.• - - - XII. 296. 
expcft. XI. 251.. 



expedience. VIII. 361. 

IX. 433. 

... XIT. 431. 

expedient. VIII. 31 , 22;;. 

X. 87, 483. 

expediently. VI. 75, 
expert. XV. 456. 
expiate. X.C7 8. 
expire. XIIi. 512. 
expire the term. XIV. 378. 
expoftulate. XV. 102. 
expulfed. IX. 600. 
exfufflicatc. XV. 526. 
extafy. XV. 168, 234. 
extend. XII. 423. 

XIII. 8,28.77. 

extend his paiiion. VIL 478. 
extent. IV. 138. 

VI. 75. 

extern. XV. 386. 
extirp. IX. 600. 
extra^ing. IV. 165. 
extravagant. XV. 23 » 393. 
extremes. VII. n8. 
- - . . - IX. 610. 
extremity. XII. 158. 

XIII. 587* 

XV. 641. 

eyas muflceti. IIL 414. 
eyafes. XV. 126. 
eye. III. cc. 
/". XV. 254. 
eyliads. III. 336. 
eyne. V. 20. 



fa fol a. XIV. 44. 
face. IX. 6^$. 
face of men. X. 281. 
face royal. IX. 25. 
faced. VI. 520. 
- - . VIII. 567. 
facinorous, Vl. 255". 
fadlious. XII. 268. 
faculties. VII. 389. 
faded. XV. 23. 
fkdge. IV. 49, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xxiii 



fidgc, V. 51a 
fadings. VI f, 134. 
fain. X. 42. 
fair. V. 14. 

- - VI. 80. 

- . VIL 230. 

- - XIV. 391. 
fairy. VII. 27 c. 
. . - XIL 609. 
faithful man. X. 508* 
faithfully. XL ^38. 
faitours. IX. 88. 
faU. IV. 216. 

. . y. 151, 
. - VII. 239. 
. - IX. 489: 

- - X. 676. 

- - XI. C27. 

. . XIV. 127. - 

fall and ceafc. XIV. 293. 

falls. XV. 591. 

falfc, XUI. 77. 

falfe as water. XV. 640. 

falling. VIL 237. 

£dfcly, IV. 2c8. 

V. 184. 

- -.-.-XIL 113. 
familiar. X. 162. 
fan. V. 2CC. 

. - Vin. 43|. 
fiu) bearer. XlV, 428, 437, 
fancies and goodnights. IX. 
fancy. V. 14,132,470. 
- .- - VI, 118, 141, 476* 
VIL ICC. 

- . - IX. 6ci. 
fancy free. V. 56. 
fiing. XI. ^%^. 
fans. UL 371. 
fanufticaL VII. 351. 
fantafticoes. XIV. 421. 
fantafy. XII. 288. 
£ip«IIL 321. 

far. XIU. 8. 
fer off guilty. VII. 53. 
farced. IX. 415. 
ferre. VIL 1 52. 
faihioA. IX. §6Sn 



faihions.VI. 47 r. 

faft. XUI. 178. 

faft and loole. XIL 6iS. 

M intent. XIV. 7. 

Faftolfe. Sir John. IX. 514. Sec 

Oldcastlb. 
fat and fiilfome. IV. 155. 
£ivour. IV. 69, 323. 

V. 16. 

, . - .VIL 188,362,380. 

IX. 483. 

• XIL 269. 

- - - -XIII. 216,524. 
XIV. 67. 

- - - -XV. 311, 568. 
favours. VIII. 311, 517. 

.. XIV. 191. 

fault. VIIL 127. 
Fauftus, Dr. IIL 468. • 
fear. IV. 215. 

• .-IX. 15, 191,203,287. 
X. 329, 376. 

- - - XII. coc. 
. - . XV. 406. 

. fear no colours. IV. 26. 
feared. V. 423. 
fearful. III. 49. 
fearful bravery. XII. 373. 
fearful guard. V. 422* 
fears. VlIL 395. 
fcaft of death. IX. 627. 
146. feat. XIII, 10, 216, <45. 
feather of wing. XIII. 60. 
feathers. XV. 198. 
feature. VI. 102. 
X. 462. 

- - • - XIL C02. 

XIII. 220. 

XIV. 211, 

fedenry VIL 52. 
fee. XV. 1 01. 

fee farm. XL 323. 

feeder. XII. 584. 

feeders. XL 524. 

feeding. VII. 132. 

feeling. XIV. 245. 

feeling difpntation. VIIL 499« 

feere. XIII. 324, 

b4 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxiv GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



M of hair. VII. $69« 
fellow. III. 03. 

IV. 119. 

fence. IV. 524. 

- - .. X. 4.6. 
fencing. XV. 91. 
fennel. XV. 276. 
feodary. IV. 265. 

Xin. 105. 

ferret. XIL 256. 
fern feed. Vlll. 425. 
fertile bofom. VII. i8. 
leftinately. V. 224. 
feftival terms. IV. 542. 
fet. IX. $fu 

- - X. 69. 
few, VI. 427. 
fcwnefs. IV. 211* 
flco. III. 554, 
fielded. XII. 33. 
fierce. V. 372. 

XI. 13, jf78. 

XIII. 231. 

fierce caufe. VIII. 105. 
fife. XV. 542. 

fig. IX. 2^4. 

fig of Spain. IX. 378. 

fighting at coort» IX. 606. 

figo. iX. 378. 

figures. VIII. 406. 

file. VIL 457. 

- - XI. ic. 

. - xm. 282. 

filed. VII. 453. 
fillip. IX. 39. 
fills. XI. 332. 
finch egg. XL 402. 
find. I^ 280. 

- . . XIV. 130. 

finder of madmen. IV. 122. 
fine. VI. 390. 
• - IX. 280. 
fine end. IX. 329. 
fine ilTues. IV. 1 85. 
finelefs. XV. $25. 
finely. X. 371. 
finder in pye. XL 13. 



Rnfbuiv. VIII. 503. . 

fire drake. XL 191. 

fire new.V. 192. 

firk. IX. 444. 

firft. XIL 160. 

firft bom in ^gypt. VI. ^6^ 

firft houfe. V. loc. 

XIV. 420. 

firftlmgs. VIL 515. 

XI. 217. 

fiftda, VI. 187. 

fit o'the face. xL 43. 

fitchew. XI. 404. 

XIV, 237, 

XV. 585: 

fitly. XIL 11. 

fits. XL 313. 

fits o'the feafon. VIL 517. 

fivt wits. IV. 144., 401, 

XIV. 158. 

fixure. VIL 200. 

flack. V. 3^6. 

flap dragon. V. 305. 

- - - - - - IX. 99. 
flap dragons. VIL 98. 
flap jacks. XIII. 44c. 
flaflc. XIV. 476. 
flaw. IX. 185. 

... X. 90. 
.-.XIL 217. 

- - - xin. 489, 

.-.XV. 3,2. 
flaws. VIL 478, 

- -.XIV. 135. 
flecked. XIV. 413. 
fleeting. X. 511. 
fleds. X. 67. 

- . -XIL 586. 

Flemifh drunkard. III. 3C3. 
flefh and fell. XIV. 271. 
flelhment. XIV. loi. 
flewed. V. 1 29. 

Flibbertigibbet. XIV. 165,202^ 
flickering. XIV. loo. 
flight. IV. J08. 
Florentius. VI. 428. 
FloriOf John. V;256, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xxv 



flote. in. 29. 

flouriflu IV. 321. 

floarifh my fortune. X. ;oo. 

floor die Ikv. VII. 338. 

flow of Nile. Xlf. 513. 

flowering. X. 83* 

flofli joQth. XII. 448. 

flying. X. 41. 

foeman. IX. 138. 

foin. III. 391. 

foimiiff. TV. 525. 

foins. XlV^ 247. 

Ibifim. Illk 62, 124. 

IV. »I2. 

XII. 514. 

folds in. XII. 234. 
folly. XV. 640. 
fond. IV. 243. 361. 

- - - V, io9»483. 

...V1.44. 

IX. 559. 

^- 74* 5^^ 

. - • XI. 220. 

. . -Xin. i;9. 

XV. 339. 

fond done. VI. 218. 
fondly. IX. 173. 

- - - - X. 262. 

fool and death. XIII. 498. 
fool and a phvfician. III. 433. 
fool and feather. XI. 45. 
fool begged. VII. 227. 
fools. XIV, 63. 
fools of Nature. XV. 68. 
fool's paradUe. XIV. 432. 
foot. XIII. 206. 
footclotfa. X. 157, 583. 
for. m. 242. 

- -IV. 217. 

- - VI. 293. 

- . VII. 142, 459. 
. - VIII. 67, 226. 

- - XI. 491. 

- - XIL 211, 551. 

m - XIII. 149, 161940X9 427. 

- - XIV, 25. 
forage. VIll. 154. 



forbid. VII. 345. 
force. IV. 284. 

. - - V. 457. 

... IX. 304. 

- - - XI. 109, 307. 
. - . XII. 138. 
forced. VII. 70* 122. 

- - - - XI. 403. 
fordone. V. 168. 
foredld. XIV. 289. 
foredoe8.XV^c, 313, 628. 
foredoomed. XlV. 295 * 
forefended. XTV. 261. 
foreflow. X. 278. 
foreibent. IX. |i. 
foreftall. XIII, 135. 
foreflailed. IX, 214. 
forfeit. IV. 308. 38J. 

- - - - X. J29. 

forfeits of barbers' (hop. IV. 

373- 
forgetive. IX. 180. 
forked head. VI. 39. 
forked plague. XV. 
forks. aIV. 237. 
form. XII. 92. 
formal. VIL 298. 

XII. 496. 

formal capacity. iV. 90. 
former. XII. 377. 
forfpoke. XII. 548. 
fortn. XIII. 436. 

Xy. 621. 

forthcoming. X. 52. 

forthright. iV. 338. 

fortune thy foe. III. 41 8. 

fortune's fool. XIV. 452. 

forty. XI. 124. 

forty pence. XI. 82. 

forwearied. VIIl. 45. 

foul. VI. IOC. 

. . . XIV. 148. 

Fox, bifhop of Winton. XI. 

123. 
fox. IX. 441. 
foyfons. VII. 531. 
fra^ons. X[. 528, 



534- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxvi GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



frail. XV. 467. 
frame. IV. 5^02. 

. XIII. 392. , 

frampoM. Ill, 378, 
frank. IX. 67. 

X. ^oc. 

franklin. VII, loc. 

VIII. 418. 

XIII. 108. 

free. IV. 70, 377. 
. - . X. 83. 

- xr. 530. 

XV. 499. 

ffcc contempt. XII. 105. 
free honours. ViL 495. 
free things. XIV. 1 86. 
French crown. IV. 191. 
French crowns, V. 27. 
French falconers. XV. 137. 
French nods. X. 489. 
frefh admirer. XI. 9. 
frefli new. XIII. 490. 
frets. Vf. 449. 
fretted. XIII. 88* 
friend. IV. 426. 
,...V.338. 
XII. 569, 

- - - - XIII. 32, 36. 

friend at court. IX. 209. 
fricndihips. VII. 105. 
frippery. III. 134. 
fronted. XII. 468. 
frontier. VHI. 390. 
frontlet. XIV. 61. 
froth and lime. III. 332. 
frows. XV. 210. 
fruit. XV. 100. 
fruitful. XV, 499, 
fruih. XL 441. 
fruftrate. XII. 644, 
fulfill. XI. 215. 
full. III. 12. 
• - . IV. 462. 

- . . VII. 20, s^^' 
-..IX. C13. 

, . . XUI. 392. 

• ..XV. 387*45^- 



full bent. IV. 459. 
full confent. XI, 290. 
full fortune. XV. 387. 
fulllinc. IV. 213. 
fuUof bread.XV. 2rj. 
full of view. XIII. 128, 
fuUam. III. 330. 
fulleft. XII. 580. 
fulfome. V. 416. 

X. 676. 

fumbling. XI. 2^8. 
fumbling with Iheets. IX. 330. 
funeral entertainments. XV. 40. 
furnilhed. VI, 172. 
furnilhings. XIV. 141. 
furred pack. 138. 
fuftllarian. IX^ 51. 



G, 

gaberdine. IIL 78. 
gad. XIII. 32 c. 
.-.XIV. 35. 
gadding. XIV. jo8. 
gain giving. XV. 341. 
gainfay. X. 386. 
« - * - XI, 90. 
gait. V. 165, 1*71. 
.--XV. 26.' 
Galathe, XI. 435. 
Galen. XII. 66. 
galliard. IX, 296. 
galliafles; VI, 463. 
gallimawfrey. VII. 147. 
gallow. XIV. 147. 
gallow glaffes. VII. 381. 

----X. 170, 

Galloway nags. IX. 93. 
gaily mawfrcy. Ill, 360, 
Gam, David. IX. 468, 
game. V. 2p. 
gamefter. VI. 14, 366, 46 c, 

Xm. c6i. 

gap of breath. VIII. 107. 
gaping. V. 498. 
^ ... XI. 189. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xxvii 



Garagantaau VI, 91. 
garb. XIV. 99. 
garboils. XII. 438. 
garden houfe. IV. 367, 
garifh. XIV. 460. 
garlick. XII. 191. 
^rscr'd. XV. C99. 
Gafcoigne, fir William, IX. 29* 

gaftcd. XIV. 84. 
gate of meity. IX. 361. 
gates of Troy. XI. 215. 
gather. XIV. 224. 
gaudy. XII. 588. 
gaunt. IX. 148. 
gaurdcd. IX. i ^2, 427, 
gawd. V. 132. 

VI. 441. 

gawds. V. 7. 

VIII. 100. 

gear. V. 403. 

- • - X. 76. 
geek. IV. 1 69. 

- . - Xni. 204. 
geer. XI. 219. 
gelded. X. J 44* 
gem. XI. 81. 
gemeL V. 134. 
general. IV. 256. 
. - - - XI. 527. 

XV. 138, 149, 41 5^ 

general ailault. XV. 92. 
general gender. XV. 283. 
general lowts. XII. 139. 
geneiofity. Xlf. 19. 
generous. IV. 354. 

XV. 535. 

gennets. XV. 391. 
gentile. V. 447. 
gentility. V, i88, 
gentle. VII. 41. 

X. 59^. 

XirLi53. 

gentle entertainment. XV. 341, 
gentle weal. VII. 480. 
gentlenefs. V. 72. 
gentry. XV. 98. 



german. XV. ^^6, 
German clock. V. 241. 
German hunting. IX. 57. 
germins. VII. fo6. 

XIV. 145. 

geft. Vn. 12. 
ghoft. X. 103. 
ghofled. XII. 504. 
gib. XV. 239. 
gib cat, VIII. 376, 
giddy. IX. 285. 
gifts. VI. 416. 
giglot. IX. 636. 

XIII. 98. 

giglots. IV. 375. 
gild. VII. 437. 
gikied. III. 1 59. 
gilders, VII. 267. 
gilly flowers. VII. 12J. 
gilt. VIII. 245. 
IX. 199, 303, 438. 

- - - X. 269. 
...XII. 29. 
gimmal. IX. 425, 519. 
ging. III. 450. 
gipfey. XII. 408. 
gird. VI. 547. 

IX. 24, 527. 

. . . XII. 22. 
girdle break. VIII. 532. 
girdle round the earth. V. 57. 
give them feals. XV, 209. 
give your hands. V. 172. 
glared. XII. 263. 
glafs gazing. XIV. 92. 
glafs of fafl^ion. XV, 167. 
glafles. IX. 56. 
glcck. V, 83. 

- - -XIV.pS. 
glceking. IX. 477. 
Glendo>ver, Owen. VIII. 494. 
glib. VII. ^8. 

glooming. XIV. ^66, 

glofs. IX. 624. 

Glofter, Thomas 9 duke of. X. 

618. 
gloves. VII, 140. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Mviii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 

good time. III. 189. 
. IV. 289. 



gloves. VIII. 3, $2, 

gloves in caps, XI V, i6i« 

glow worm. V, 85. 

gloze. IX. 279, 

glozed. XL 291* 

glar. III. 9. 

go. IV. 408. 

- - XL 143. 

go by. VL 387. 

go to the world. VI. 214. 

go under. VL 291. 

g> your gait. XIV. 246. 
od and Saint George. X. 685. 
God before. IX. 386. 
God'illdyou.XV. 261. 
God 'ild you. VI. 107, i6i. 
God fave the mark. AlV. 462. 
God warn us, VI. 127. 
God yieW. VIL 283. 
goddefs-like. XIIL 569. 
godfathers. XL 1 86. 

fodlike feat. XI. 244. 
jod's a good man. IV. 494. 
God's fonties. V. 428. 
' gold potable. IX. 202. 
golden fire. XV. 1 20. 
golden fleep*. VIIL 436. 
gone. XI r. 25. 
Gongarian. lil. 332, 
good. XL ic^» 170. 
. - - XIL 6. 
good (a). III. 271. 
good carriage. XIV. 378. 
good cheap. VIIL 524* 
good deed. VII. 12. 
good den. VIIL 19. 
good even. XL 513. 
good jer. III. 349. 
good lady. XIIL 82. 
gopd leave. VL 11. 

VIII. 24. 390. 

X. 308. 

good life. III. HI. 

IV. 54. 

good mailers. VII. 196. 
good morrow. XV. 503. 
good name. XV. 520. 



. - - . X. C51. 
good year. IX. 80. 
gorbellied. VUL 43b. 
gomd. VL coi. 
gofpiller. ViL 456. 
goto. UL 131. 
goffips. III. 238. 
goflbmer. XIV. 230» 423. 
government. V. 149. 

X. 245. 

goojeers. XIV. 270. 
goujere. IV. 419. 
gourds. III. 339. 
gouts. VIL 407. 
grace. V. 70. 

XIV. 274. 

grace exad. XL 2 c8. 
grace of kings. lA. 304. 
graced. X. 63^. 
graceful. VIL 183. 
gracious. III. 243. 

IV. COI. 

V.470. 

VIIL no. 

..... XL 289. 
gracious filence. XIL 70, 
grained. VII. 310. 

- - • - XV. 230. 
gramercy. XIIL 327. 
grandfire phrafe. XIV. 367* 
grange. IV. 293. 

.-- - - XV. 390. 
grant. XIL 524, 
grapple. VIu. 1C7. 

XV. 51. 

gratulate. IV. 386. 
Gray Malkin. VIL 327. 
grave. VIIL 278. 

- • - XL 603. 
grave charm. XII. 61 8. 
grave man. XIV. 450. 
graze. XV. 593. 
great meafure. IV. 397, 
great morning. XL 367. 

- XIIL i5S» 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX* xxix 



great ion. DC. 461. 
maves. IX. 153* 
Ureek. XL 233. 
gxeen. V. 203* 
- - - XL ^74. 

XIV. J15. 

... XV. 473- 
green eyes. V, 164^ 
green ileevei. III. $J^. 
greenly. IX. 488. 

. XV. 16c. 

greet the time. ^V. 26 g. 
greets. XHL 548. 
grew t^eetlier. aL io* 
grey. ^QII. 184. 
grey eyes. XIV. 423. 
gikf.ynL393. 5;57. 

• - - XII. 352, 
giiefi. IIL 288. 

* — XIL 470. 
grievancei. IlL 263. 
gripinff mef. XIV. 529. 
griic. iV. IOC. 

... XV. 428. 
GrifieL VL 458. 
grize. XL f 85. 
gTofi and ioope. XV. 12. 
groisly. IX. 313. 
groaodlings. XV« 171. 
grow to a pmnt. V. 22. 
growing. ViL 268. 
growth. VIL I02, 
grunt. XV. x6i. 
cuard. IV. 283. 41c. 
r - . VUL 125. 
goard of fafety. XV. 493. 
guarded. V. 433. 
snerdon. IV. C4X, 
r . . . V, 236. 
goerdoned. X. 328. 
Gaiana. IIL 337. 
gnikd. IV. 472. 
giiilty to. VIL I c8. 
Uoinea hen. XV. 444* 
Gninever. V. 254, 
gnlcf. XL 591. 



goles. XV. 141. 

gull* XL ^11. 

gammed ravet. VUL 42;* 

gun ftones. IX. 300* 

gnft. XI. c62« 

gnftit. V1L29. 

Sits. XV. 241. 
uyof Warwick. 30. X9f« 
gyve. XV. 468. 
gyve*. VIII. SS3. 

¥L 



H. IV. 489. 

haheidalher's wife. XI. 193* 
haesard. IV. 100, 462. 
. . . . VL 502. 
.... XV. J3I. 
hair. VII. 264. 
. . . VUL 540. 
hair againft. III. 393. 

• XL 230. 

XIV. 427. 

halcyon. XIV, 98. 
half cttM. XL C28. 
half faced. Vm. 405. 
half faced groat. VIIL I2« 
half kilties. IX. 239. 
half pence. IV. 4r c. 
hall! ahaU.XIV.381. 
hallidom. IIL 260. 
Hallowmas. III. 194.. 

VIIL 323. 

hand. VIL 441. 
handleft. XL 221. 
hands not hearts. XV. 558* 
handlaw. XV. 130. 
handy dandy. XfV. 239. 
hangers. XV. 33c. 
hangman. FV. 469. 
happily, yi. 527. 

- - - - XL 147, 168- 
happy. XL 6. 

- - - XIII. 130. 

happy man be his dole. IIL 43 f • 

- . VL 418. 

VIL 25- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XXX GLOSSARIAL INDEX- 



happy time, XIV. 489. 
haps. XV. 253. 
hardiment. VIII. 397. 
hare. VIII. 377. 
hare lip. V. 1 70. 
harlocks. XIV. 220. 
harlot. VII. 305. 
harlotry. VIII, 473. 
harnefs. VII. 573. 

- - - - XI. 492. 

XII. 609. 

harp. VII. 508. 
Harper. VII. 500. 
harrows. XV. 9. 
harry ed. XII. 534. 

hart of Greece. VI. 406. 
harveft home. VIII. 391, 
bade pod hade. XV. 403, 414. 
Haftings, Lord. X. 584* 
hatch. XI. 248. 

- . . XIII. 533. 
have with you. X. 57 !• 

- - XV. 405. 

having. III. 411. 

VI. 99. 

.... VII. 167. 35i« 

XI. 76. 

XV. 6i8, 

havioar. XIII. 119. 
havock, XIL 328. 
haught. VIII. 314. 
haaghty. IX. 577* 603* 6io. 
haunt. IX. 341* 

- - . X. 259. 
hazard. IX. 298* 
hay. XIV. 420. 
head. VIII. 4i2« 
IX. 319- 

head and front. XV. 418. 
health five fsithom deep. XIV. 

37^' 
heaping friendfhips. VII. 105. 

heard a bird fing. IX. 249. 

hearfed. XV. 67. 

heart. XI. 28. 

- - -XII. II. 

. -. . XIII. 514. 



heart bum. IV. 423. 
heart in. XI. 492. 
heart of heart. XL 391. 
heart of ten. VI. 465* 
hearted. XV. 551. 
hearted throne. XV. 449. 
heave. XIL 82. 
heavinefs. XII. 639. 
heavy night. XV. 622. 
hebenon. XV. 77. 
hedge. XL in. 

XIL 355- 

hefted. XIV. 127. 
hefts. VIL 40. 
heigh ho. XIV. ijo. 
height. IV. 511. 
- - . - XL 399. 
heir. III. 2(3. 
. . . Vm. 251. 
helL Vn. 277. 
help. XV. 251. 
hence. IX. 24^;. 
henchman. V. 20. 
hcnt. IV. 354. 
--.VIL 118. 

XV. 216. 

herald. XIIL 48a. . 
herb of grace. VI. 341. 

XV. 277., 

herebjr. V. 206. 
hereditary. XL 528. 
here's no vanity. VIII..$79, 
hermits. VIL 384. 
Herod. XV. 1J3. 
Hefperides. XIIL 399* 
heft. IIL 80. 
heyday. XV. 228. 
Hey nonny. XIV. 163. 
Hey no nonny. XV. 273. 
hide fox. XV. 249. 
Hieronyroo. XIV. 157. 
high. XV. 611. 
high and low. VIL 185. 
high fantaftical. IV. 6. 
high forehead. XIV. 30c. 
high men and low men. 111. 340. 
highnoifes, XIV* 187. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX, xxxi 



high repented. VI. 356. 
high tides. VUL 76. 
hight. V. 151. 
hildiJig. VL 298, 442. 
IX, 13, 423. 

- - - - XII, C20. 

. XIII. 80. 

him. VI, 400. 
hinge the knee. XL 607. 
hint. in. 19, c2. 
...XV, 423. 
Hiicn. IX. 88, 91. 
his. IX. 188. 

- - XL 534. 

- - XV. 6c. 
hi&ory.lV. 184. 
hit. XIV. 30. 

hit the white. VI. CC7, 
ho. ho! m. 38. 
ho, ho, ho. V. 115. 

XIL 594. 

hoar. Xrv. 430. 
hobnob. IV. 127. 
hobby hoHe. V. 226. 

XV. i8d. 

hoift. XV. 241. 
hold. V, C20. 

VIL 579. 

... IX. 7. 

XIL 315. 

hold, hold. VII. 377. 
hold in. Vm. 422. 
hold it. X. 572. 
hold mj hand, XII. 268, 
hold rumoar. VII. ^7. 
hold taking. XL 500, 
hold ap thy hand. X. 120. 
holds me. XV. 450. 
hoUa. VI. 92. 
hollow cell. Xy. 550. 
holy crofles. V. ^25. 
holy day terms. VIIL 392. 
holy rood. X. 570. 
home. VI. 354. 
hooeft. XV. 130. 
hooeft as fkin between brows. 
IV. 493. . 



honefty. XL C32. 
honey ilialks. AlIL 3^0. 
honorificabilitudiniutibns. V« 

305. 
honour. IV. 234. 

X. 567. 

XL 476, 628. 

XIV. 38. 

honour born. VI. 262. 
honours. XIV. 296. 
hood. V. 436. 

XIV. 459. 

hooded. IX. 39^ 
hoodman blind. aV. 229. 
hoods make not monks. XL 

100. 
hook and line. IX. 87* 
Hop dance. XI V. 179, 
hope. VIL 250. 

XIL 46a 

Hopkins, Nicholas. XL 25. 
hopes. VIIL 387. 
horologe. Xv. 485. 
hot houie. IV. 222. 
hot livers. VIIL 467, 
hoogh. VIL 31. 
hoond of Crete. IX. 314. 
honfe. XIV. 125. 
houfewife. XII. 640. 
How. XIIL 558. 
hexes. VIL 30. 
huffger mugger. XV. 265. 
hull. IV. 3 c. 
hulling. XL 05. 
human mortals. V* 44. 
humble. V. 364. 
humorous. lA. 184. 

XIV. 39^. 

humour. III. 317, 362. 
. - - - V.498. 
humours. IX. 2j6. 
humming. XIII. 493. 
Hundred merry tales. IV. 429. 
hundred pound. XIV. 92. 
Hungarian. III. 332. 
hungry beach. Xil. 216. 
hunt counter. IX. 30. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxxii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



hunting in the evening* XL 514* 
hunts up. XIV. 483* 
hurh XIL 376. 
hurly. IX. 113. 
huily burly. Vll. 32^, 
hurtle. Xu. 298. 
hurtline. VI. 143. 
hufl>and. IV. 301. 
hufbandry. VIL 400, 

XI. 227. 

XV. 53. 

Hyems chin. V. 48. 
hyen laugh. VI. ijo. 
Hyperion. XV. 36, 226. 
hypocrify agtinft the devil. XV* 

573- 
Hyrcan. VII. 481. 



T. and J. 

I. IX. 84. 

. XIV. 461. 

i' the hafte. XIV. 82. 

rthenameof me. VIL 114. 

Jack. III.. 1 33, 349. 

... IV. 407. 

— vin. 257. 

... xu. aio» 580. 
Jack a lent. III. 4,1c, 494. 
Jack o' the clock. VIII. 343. 
.-.-*..-*X. 620. 
Jack fauce. IX. 461. 

Jacks. X. 4899 400. 
ack and Jills. VI. 492. 
jade. IX. 388. 
jaded. X. 1 26. 
... XL J25. 
jar of the dodc. VIL 1 3. 
jauncinjT. VIU. 345. 
^auHt. XIV. 41 8* 
jay. XIIL 121. 
ice brook. XV. 650. 
Iceland dog. IX. 311. 
idle. VIL 242. 

..-XV. 4^3. 

idle and fond. XIV. 37. 



!^v. 183. 



idly. Vm. 3x5. 
jealous. XIV. ci, 
IdTes. XV. 532. 
Jeft. Vin. 210. ^ 
jet. Xni. ISO, 427* 
jcis. IV. 82. 
Ifecks. VII. 18. 
Ignis fatuns. XIV. 157. 
ignomy. IV. 26c. 
. . . - VIIL 528. 

- - - - XI. 450. 

xm. 333. 

ignorant. VIL 378. 

- ... - Xin. 97, i04« 
jig. XIL 361. 

. .XV 
w make 
llion. XL 394. 
Ilium. XL 22 c» 231. 
iU. IX. 580. 
ill inhabited. VL 103. 
ill nurtured. X. 18. 
ill roafted egg. VL 77. 
rU teU theeTXL 377. 
illuftrate. V. 248. 
image. IIL 472. 
. . ^ V. 247. 
. . . XIV. 291. 
imaginary. IX. 26$. 
imagined. XV. C23, 
imagined ^pecd. V. 488. 
imbare. IX. 283. 
immanity. IX. 641. 
immediacy. XIV. 274. 
immediate hdr. VI. z6t* 
imp. V. 198. 
... IX. 2^4, 404, 
imp out. VIII. 244. 
impair. XL 386. 
impaled. X. 31$. 
impartial. IV. 365. 
impawn. IX. 277. 
in^wned. XV. 335. 
impeach. V. 50. 
impeachment. Ul. 187. 

• IX. 385. 

imperious. III. 210* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL; INDEX, xxxiii 



imperious. XI. 591. 
: - - - - XIIL 152, 345. 
smpeneirerance. )Pj1. 149. 
impoitable. IV. 435. 
importance* IV. 1 70. 
Vn. 187. 

vm. 29. 

XIII. 30. 

iaparUDt. IV. 425. 

VI. 304. 

VII. 300. 

. XIV. zzu 

importing. XV.* ^86. 
importane. XII. 637. 
impoTe. lU. 261* . 
impofitions. VI.. 337. 
impoffible danders. IV. 43a 
imprds. VIII. 268. 
XIV. 273. 

. XV.I2. 

imposn* V. 506. 

in. vToj. 506, . . 

..Xn. 1^3. 

in any hand. VI. 290* . , 

in at the window. VUL 1 8. 

in that. IV. cca^ 

• -. -XIVTii. 

incapable. X. C32. 

• . XV: 295. 

incarnardine. VII. 421* 
incarnate. IX. 334* 
incenfe. III. 341. 

vn. 177. 

XIV. 137. 

iocenfed* IV. 534. 

X. 563. 

XI. 163. 

inclining. XV, 499^ 
inclips. XII. ^t$» 
inclode. III. 289. 
iocony. V. 234. 
incorred. XV. 32. 
increafe. V. 49. 

. XUL 362. 

indeed IV. 279. 
indent. VUI. 39c. 
index. X.. 539, 030. 

Yot. III. 



index. XV. 225, 474. 
indexes. XI. 269. 
indifierent. VIII. 262. 
indiftineaiihable. XI. 401. 
indite. XV. 139. 
indaftion. VIII. 486. 
..... XV. 577. 
indudions. X. 463* 626. 
indue. XV. 569, 
indued. XV. 296. 
indurance. XI. .170. 
inequality. IV. 359. 
infinite. XI. 572. 604. 
inflift. Xin. 578. 
informal. IV. 368. 
ingaged. VI. 360. 
ingenious. VI. 41 u 
----- XIV, 250. 
ingenioufly. XI, 529. 
ingene. XV. 4^0, 
ingraft infirmity. XV. 486* 
inhabitable. VIII. 193. 
inherit. III. 127, 249* 

VIII. 194.: 

XIII. 285, 

- - - - XIV. 237, 348.. 
inhibit, VII, 482. 
inhibited. VI. 196. 
inhibition. XV. 124. 
inhooped. XII. 492. 
initiate fear. VII. 489. 
inkhom mate. IX. ^86. 
inkle. XIII. 570. 
inland. VI. 63, 97. 
inn. VIII. J 20, 526. 
innocent. Vl. 327. 

XIII. C46. 

.. ..-XIV. 175. 
innovation. XV. 122. 
infane root. VII. 353. 
infanie. V. 304. 
infculped. V. 450. 
infconce. VII. 234. 
infinuate, VII. i68. 
infinuation. XV. 328. 
inftance. III. 387, 
IV. ,49. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



icxxiv GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 

inftance. VI. 308. jojr. VIIL t^S. 

X, c68« Int. X. 116. 

inftanccd. IX. 45. Irifli rat* VI. 87. 

inftances. XV. 19 f« iik it. IV. ^re^ 

inftinfl. VIII. 465. iron crown. X. 609. 

integrity. VIL 8i« irregoloos. XIII. 176. 

Xn. III. ifibcs. XV. «9. 

intend. IV. 44$. iteration. VUI. 79. 

.... V. 1x0. Jadas coloured beard. VL ira. 

- - - - VI. 502. Jodean. XV. 656* 

- - - - X. 595. judicious. XIL 234. 

- - - - XL 5* jud^iement. XII. 121. 
intended. IX. i6i. Jubo Romano. VIL 191. 
intending. X. 585. jump. V. 457. 

- . - - - XL c«8. ... X. 550* 
intendment. IX. 286. - - - XlL lai. 
intention. III. 537. • • - XIII. 210. 

VIL 22. - - - XV. 12, cox. 

intentively. XV. 425. jump the life. VII. 388. 

intents. V. i4jC. Juno's eyes. VIL 127. 

interefled. XIV. 12. jufticer. XUL 222. 

intercft. Vni, i6o- .... XIV. 177, 212. 

intergatocies. VI. 326. jutty. VIL 382. 

....... HIL 231. - - - IX. 3J0. 

intenniffion. V. 479. juvenal. V. 79, 198* 

... ... VIL 541. - i . - IX. 2C. 

XIV. 114. 

interpret. XL 468. 

into. XL 338. K. 

intrenchant. VII. J77. 

intrinfe. XIV. 96. keech. IX. 54. 

invention. IV. 251. ... XL 13. 

invcftine. IX. 400. keel. V. 376. 

invefts. XV. 54. keep. VI. 432. 

inward. IV. 304, 508* keep clofe. IX. 337. 

. . - . V. 308. keep himfelf. III. 264. 

- - - - X. 577. keep yourfelf. XII. 498* 
John a dreams. XV. 149. keeps. IV. 20|» 272. 
John Drum's Entertainment. VI. keeps his houfe. XL $49, 

299. keeps place. XI. 349. 

join in louls. V. 98. Keifar. III. 331. 

joint ring. XV. 61 7. Kendal. VIIL 460. 

jolly Robins. IV. 143. kernes. VH. 330. 

Jove. IX. 24 J. - - - - X. 90, 170. 

Jove's accord. XL 263. key. III. 17. 

ovial. XIII. 176. key cold. X. 471. 

journal. IV. 343. kickfcy wickfey. VI. 270r 

I 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xxxv 



kid fox, IV. 449« 
kidj)ey« IIL 459. 
kill, kUl. XIV. 24^. 
kill my heart. XQI. 318. 
Killingwordu X. 149. 
kiln hole. VU. ijS. 
kin. XV. 29- 
kind. V. 4 J 6. 

• . - VI. 139, 226. 

* - . XIL 572. 

— xm. 282. 

XV. 29. 

kindle. VI. 14. . 
kindleis. XV« 150. 
kindly. VI. 304. 

• -. .xiv.Vs. . 

kindly power. IV. coo» 
- s'cviL VII. 53.5. 

e. IX. I02. 
kifs at nuptials. VIIL 323* 
kified the jack. XIIL 62. 
luffing betoie dance. XI. gg. 
kiffing comfits. III. 481. 
luffing hands. I V« 117. 
knap. V. 461. 

Knarefborough fpring. XV. 285. 
knare. XV. 386. 
knaves. XL 614, 62o. 
. - . - XU. 624. 
kneading. IX. 29^. 
knife, m 376. 
knights. XI. 300. 
knighu of the battle. XHI. 2 1 3. 
kncck it. XI. 56. 
knot. V. 281. 
knot grafs. V. xc^ 
knotted garden. V. tgg. 
knotts. VIII. 296. 
know. IV. 2 1 6. 

XI. S33: 

knawM^.XlILSe. 
known. Xll. ;o8. 



lahcL XIV. coi. 
labooring. V. 348* 



lace. Vn. 22$. 

laced mutton. III. 174. 

lackeying. XII. 247. 

lady of the ftrachy. IV. 82. 

lag. XI. C71. 

lakin. III. io8. 

- . - V. 74. 

lament therefcxre. IX. 233. 

lances. V. 357. 

land damn. VII. §6* 

landrakers. VIII. 420. 

lantern. XIV. 549. 

lanthom and candle light. VUI. 

lapfed in time. XV. 232. 
lapwing. IV. 210. 

VII. 274. 

XV. 338. 

larded. XV. 2619 324. 
lamr dilcourie. XV. 256. 
lais bom. III. 121. 
latch. VII. 539. 
latched. V. 92. 
Uted.VII..47i. 
. . . XII. c6o. 
latter day. IX. 409. 
lattin.III. 319. 
lavolt. XI. 373. 
lavoltas. IX. 369. 
lauds. XV. 29c* 
lannch. XII. 650. 
lawnd. X. 299. 
lay, IIL 377. 
. - IX. 140. 
. .XV. 498. 
lay by. VlH. 360. 
lay her a hold. IIL 8. 
lead apes to helL VL 442. 
lead the meafure. VI* 237. 
kagoer. VI. 207. 
lean witted. VIII. 23$. 
leans. XIIL 41. 
learned. XV. 531. 
leafing. XI 1. 208. 
leather coats. IX. 228. 
leather jerkin. VIII. 445. 
leave. XV. 230. 

C 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxxvi GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



leavened choice. IV. 187. 
leech. XL 660. 
leer. VI. 126. 

. . - xni. 333. 

leet. VI. 406. 

leets and law days. XV. 517. 

leg. yill. 473. 

legeri^. IX. 403. 

le^. XI. C07. 

leiger. IV. 279. 

Xm.43. 

leman. III. 452. 

- - - IV. 52. 
lenten. IV. 26. 

- - -XV. 120. 
I'envoy. V. 229. 

leperoos diftilknents. XVr 78. 
leprofy. Xl. 586, .602. 

- - . - Xn. ccj. 
lefierlinnen. VII. no. 
let. Xin. 417. 

- - XIV. 403. 
let be. IV. 532. 

let it ftrike. X. 620. 
letflip. Vni. 411. 

XIL 328. 

let the world llide. VI. 386. 
lethe. XII. 324. 
lets. III. 230. 

- - - XV. 70. 
letter. XIII. 184. 
XV. 385. 

letters, pocket for. III. 236. 
level. VII. 85. 

- - - XI. 28, 471. 
levy. VIII. 361. 
lewd. IV. 53 9. 

VUI. 19^, 507. 

... X. 489. . 
lewdly. X. 52, 

Lewis the Tenth. IX. z8r. 

lib. vn. 56. 

libbard. V. 352. 
liberal. HI. 242. 

IV. 500. 

V. S63, 436. 

.... XV. 295, 467, 647. 



liberty. XL 57J. 
Lichas. XII. 6u 
lie. V. 188. 
liefeft. X. 80. 
lien. XIIL 503* 
lies. IV. 97. 
• - IX. 556. 

- - X. 663. 
lieu. III. iQ. 

life in it. ^V. 244. 
lifter. XL 234. 
lighuIV. 371. 

V. 534. 

ligfatofear.XIV. 161, 
light o' love. IIL 182. 

IV. 488. 

lightly. X. cc8. 
lightning. XlV. ceo. 
like. IV. 361. 
..TIX632. 
liked. IV. 174.. 
likelihood. IX. 472* 

X. 599. 

likenefs. IV. 314. 
likes. XIV. 99. 
liking, ra. 357. 
. . . VIIL C2I. 
lily livered. VII. 55 j* 
limb of the devil. Al. 195*. 
limbeck. VII. 397. 
Limbo patrunu XL 197. 

XIIL 308. 

Kme. in. 136, 247. 

. . .vm.4C3. 

limed. IV. 4J&7, 

- - - X. 26. 

. . . XUL 332. 

- - . XV. 214. 
Limehoofe. XL 19^. 
limit. X. 578, 666. 
limited. VII. 431. 

- . . . XL 623. 
limits. VIII. 361. 
Lincolnfhire bagpipe. VIIL 377* 
lin'd. VI. 80. 

line. IX. 34|. 

line» under the. IIL 13;.^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX, xxxvii 



lineaments. V. 486. 
Lingarc, lady. IX. 281. 
link. VI, ^'j, 
linftock. IX. 349. 
lip. XV. J 80. 
Liplbury. XIV. 90. 
liauor. VIII. 423. 
lifp. V. sss. 

IX. loi. 

lift. IV. 102, 179. 

- - VIU. 539. 
. - XU. 611. 

- - XV. 268, 580. 
liftning their fear. VII. 417. 
Hthcr. IX. 635. 

liitlc. XV. 120. 
little pot ibon not. VI. 489. 
little world. VIII. 340. 
live i the fun. VI. 55. 
livelihood. VI. 189. 
liver. III. 360. 

- - - XII. 407. 
liver vein. V. 275. 
lives, IV, 346. 
living. XIV. c6. 

- - . XV. J47. 
living death. X. 480. 
living hence. IX. 299. 
lizard. X. 1 12, 269. 
loach. VIII. 41c. 
lob. V. 31. 

lock. IV. ^84. 
lockram. XII. 74. 
locafts. XV. 447. 
lodeftars. V. lo, 
lodge. IV. 434. 
loggats. XV. 304* 
lone. IX. 49. , 
long pnrples. XV. 294. 
long fpoon. III. 81. 
long (word. III. 368. 
--..,. XIV. 331. 
longing. III. 225. 
lonely. VI. 419. 



loof. XIL jc8. 

look black. XIV. 126. 



lookin^elafles. V, 244. 

looks. XII. 149. 

loon. Vn. C54. 

looped. XIV. 155. 

loofe. XI. 194. 

loofe bodied gown. VI. 521. 

lop. XI. 34, 

lord. XII. no. 

Lord of his prefence. VIII. 14. 

lordings. Vll. 14.. 

lofe hts hair. VII. 236, 

lofs of gueftion. IV. 263. 

lot. XII. 206. 

lottery. XIL 283, 486. 

Love defcribed by contraries. 

XIV. 338. 
love in idlends. V. 56. 
love locks. IV. C38. 
love fprings. VlL 2 55. 
lover. IV. 211. 
low foreheads. III. 136, 274. 
lower chair. IV. 224. 
lower mefles. VII. 29. 
lown. XV. 484. 
lowted. IX. 621. 
lozcl. VIL 73. 
lubbars head. IX. 49* 
lullaby. XIII. 287. 
lunes. III. 44c. 

VII. 63. 

lurched. XIL 87, 
lufh. III. C4. 
-.- V.^2. 
luft. XL 376. 
luftick. VL 256. 
lufty. IX. 399. 

XIV. 112. 

luxurious. IV. 498. 

- . . . . XIIL 3^1. 
loxorioufly. XII. $83* 
luxury. lU. 491. 
IV. 384. 

- - - - IX. 367. 

XIV. 236. 

XV. 80. 

lym. XIV. 1 82, 



c 3 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xxxviii GLOSS A RIAL INDEX. 



M. 

mabled. XV. 144. 
mace. XII. 360. 
Machiavel. IX. 66o* 
mad. IX. 6cc. 

' XV. 613. 

made. III. 370. 

vn. 100. 

XI. 94. 

made in crimes. XIV. 314, 
made intent XIV. 2p« 
made it good. VI. 392. 
made means. X. 648. 
made up. XL 639. 
Madona. IV. 28. 
magotpie. VII. 486. 
magnificent. V. 237* 
maenifico.. XV. 398. 
Muiomet. IX. 526. 
Maho. XIV. 160. 
Maid Mariao. VlII. 532. 
mail. V. 229. 
mailed. X. 69. 
- . . - XII. 29. 
maimed rites. XV. 313. 
main. XIV. 138. 
main dcfcijr. XIV. 245. 
main opinion. XL 270. 

xn. 287. 

main top. XIII. 177. 
major. Vin.481. 
make. VL 1, 139, 160. 

VIIL 336. 

. . - X. 495. 

XIIL 27. 

make a grave. XL 61 • 
make a roan. III. 78. 
make inci£on. VI. 79. 
make means. III. 288. 
make my match. XL 380. 
make my play. XL 5 1. 
make remain. XII. 38. 
make feme good means. X. 

666. 
make the doors. VI. 131. 
make up. XIV. 22. 



make we. XL r6i. 
make you. XV. 30. 
make you here. III. 447, 
making. XIIL ^51. 
male. X. 395. 
male varlet. XL 400. 
malkin. XII. 73. 

XIIL J48. 

mallet. IX. 98. 
Mall's piaurc. IV. 21. 
malrofqr nofe. IX. 50. 
maltworms. VIIL 420. 
mammering. XV. 511. 
mammocked. XIL 30. 
mammets. VIIL 439. 
man at arms. V. 291. 
man of fait. XIV. ' 243. 
man of wax. XIV, 358. 

manacle. XIIL 15. 
manager. VIIL 8. 

mandragora. XIL 451. 
XV. 539. 

mandrake. IX. 24, 145. 

. - - - - X. III. 

. .XIV. 51 J. 

mankind. XIL 161. 

mankind witch. Vll. 6S, 

manner. VII. 168. 

mannered. XIIL co8. 

Manningtrce. VllL 477. 

man queller. IX. 50. 

many. IX. 46. 

XI. 30. 

. - -XIL 114. 

many headed. XII. 

mar. XIL 339. 

marble. XL 60c. 

marble heaven. XV. ^52. 

marble pavement. XIIL 207* 

March, Edward, earl of. X, 
257. 

march pane. XIV. 380. 

marches. IX. 286. 

Marcheta. X. 163. 

Margaret, Queen. X. 49$. 

margent. XV. 336* 

margin. XIV. 360. 



94. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSS A RIAL INDEX, xxxix 



mark of hroau XH. 280. 
market. XV. 2 55. 
marr'd. XIV. 344. 
manied. XI. 254. 
marry trap. II f. 320* 
marihal]. V. 71. 
martial hand. IV. 109. 
martlemas. IX. 64. 
manrelloos, X. 485* 
Mary buds. XIII. 74. 
Mary Frith. IV. 22. 
maikfid. XIII. po. 
mafques. XIV. ^6$* 
mafter, VI, 236. 

XV. 472. 

mafter of lencc III. 327. 
match. Xtll. 142. 
mated. VII. 259, 308, 549. 
material. VI. 104. 
material Tap. XI v. 208. 
mates. X. 86. 
mangre. IV. io6. 

XIV. 279. 

Mayday. V. 127. 

XI. 190. 

May momiog. IV, 123. 
May of Ufe. VII. 556. 
me. VII. 103. 
meacock. VI. 459. 
mealed. IV. 328. 
mean. m. 183. 

...y «3. 

. . . VIII. J07. 

- . - XII. J14. 

- . - XIV. 199. 
mean eytt. XL 473. 
means. IV. tea, 

V. 1^3. 

XV. 531. 

meant. V. ±^6. 
meafare. IV. 418. 

V.323- 

XIV. 364. 

meafurci. VIII. 93. 

IX. 488. 

meat and drink. III. 328, 
meazlc8,XIL 115. 



meddle. III. 12. 

IV. 128. 

Medea. X. 197. 
medicin. VII. cr2. 
medecinable, XV. 659. 
medicine. VI. 238. 
meditation. XV. 7^;. 
meed. III. 281, 38 c. 
VIII. 214. 

- - - X. 2JI, 366. 

- - - XI. 487. 
meek. XII. 668. 
meet. III. 130. 
IV. 400. 

- - - XII. 122. 

meioey. XIV. 11^ 
melancholy, fafhion of. VIIL 

118. 
melancholy of Moor ditch. 

VIII. 378. 
Mele^r. X. i6* 
mell. VL 330. 
memories. HI. 186. 

XIV, 2^1. 

memoriae. VII, ^^6. 
----- XI. 112. 
memory. VI. 43. 

• - Xn. 174, 200, 236. 

men of hair. VII. 145, 
mends. XI. 223. 
Menelaas. X. 271. 
Mephoftophilus. III. 316. 
mercenaries. IX. 467. 
merchant. IX. CC9. 

XlV:43i. 

mercy. XL $6$. 
mere. IV. 364. 
... VI. 293. 

- - - XI. 128, 2Cf. 

— xin. 541. 

— XIV.469. 

XV. 478. 

mered. XII. 572. 
merely. III. 9. 

- . - -XII. 131, 549. 

XV. 36. 

merits. XII. 570. 

C 4 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



mermaid. VII. 2$8. 
Merops' Ton. Ill, 232. 
merry Greeks. XI, 371. 
merry in hall. Sec, IX. 227. 
mefeemeth. X. 74. 
meihed. XIIL 3 1 7. 
. mefs. IX. 54. 
metaphyseal. VII. 372, 
mete yard. VI. 522. 
meteors. VIII, 360. 
mettle. IV, 167. 

X. 644, 

mew. X. 469* 
mewed. XlV. 470. 
micher. VIII. 474. 
miching mallicho, XV. 187, 
microcofm. XII, 64,. 
middle earth. III. 489. 
midfummer madoefs. VL 11 8. 
milch. XV. 145. 
Mile-end Green. IX, 139, 
milled fixpences. III. 317, 
mimick. V. 89. 
mince. III. 475, 
minces, XI V, 237. 
mind, IX, 435, 
XI, 501, 

- . - XII, 629. 

mind of honour. IV." 270. 
minding. IX. 401, 
mind's eye. XV. 41. 
mine own. XIII. 594, 
mineral. XV. 244. 
minikin. XIV. 180. 
minim. III. 333. 

- - . - XIV. 420. 
minnow. V. 195. 

XII. 1 1 5. 

minflrel. XIV. C29. 
minute Jacks. XI, 572. 
minutes of the night. XV. 8. 
mifanthropos. XI. 591, 
mifer. IX. 657. 

mifery. XII. 90. 
mifcreate. IX. 277. 
mifdoubt. X. 395, 571. 
mifprifcd. V. 94. 



miiprifing. IV. 463. 
mi(s. III. 34* 
miflingly noted. VII, 106. 
miiiion. XI. 348. 
miflives. VII. 370, 
miftake. XV, 196. 
miftempered. XIV, 332. 
misthink, X. 288, 
miftery, IV* 324. 
midful. IX. 4^1, 
mobled. XV, 144^ 
mock. XV, 520. 
mode. IX. 203. 
model, VIII. 279, 319. 

XV. 238, 

modern. VL 68, 2C2, 368. 

VII. 537. 

VIII. 108. 

XII. 669. 

. XlV, 466. 

- - - - XV, 420, 
modeily. VI. 394, 

XV, 138. 

Modo, XIV. 169. 
module. VI. 321. 

VIII. 183. 

moe. III. 76. 
moiety. VIII. 402. 

XIV. 6. 

moiftftar. XV. 18. 
mome. VII, 248, 
momentary. V. 13, 
monarch. VI. 194, 
Monarcho. V. 249. 
monarchs of the norih. IX. 

moneyers. VIII. 421. 
Monmouth caps. IX. 459. 
monopoly. XlV, 59, 
monfters, XIV. 24. 
Montacute, lord. XL 24. 
Montante. IV, 397. 
Monrjoy, IX, 384. 
months mind. 111. i8$. 
mood. III. 253. 
... V. 94. 
VI. 3J0. 



Digitized by KjOOQlQ 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



xli 



moody* XII. 492. 
mooiies. V* 29. 
mooniih. VI. lOo* 
mope. XV. 229, 
mops and moes. IIL 1 1 1. 
moiaL IV. 491. 

VI. 528. 

IX.49J. 

XL 374. 

more. V. 495. 

VIII. 30, 

more above. XV. 106. 
more and leis. VII. 564* 

VIII. 558. 

IX. 22. 

more better. Ill, 11. 
more hair than wit. III. 243. 
more of might. XIII. 573. 
Morifco. X. 91. 
momine's love. V. 113. 
morris dancers. VIII. 596. 
- - - - - - -X. 91. 

morris pike. VIL 281. 
morfel. III. 72. 
mort o' the deer. VIL 18. 
roortaL VI. ci. 

XIIL 575. 

XV. ±62. 

mortal coil. XV. ic8. ' 

mortal thoughts. Vll. 374. 
mortal vefleL XIIL 554. 
mortal worm. X. 109. 
mortar. XIV. 96. 
mortified. VII. 5^:0. 
Mortimer, Edmnnd, earl of 

March* X. §6* 
Mortimer, Edward. IX. c6q» 
Morton, John, bilhop ot Ely* 

X, ri6, 
mofled. aL 6o8* 
moft. XL c68. 
root beft. XV. io5. 
mot. XIIL 4j:4. 
mote. VI II. 122. 
moth. XV. 16. 
mother. IV. 21c. 
XIV. 116. 



mother's pains. XIV. 71. 
motion. III. 197. 

VIL 116. 

XIII. 579. 

- - - - XV. 407. 
motive. VI. 337. 
VIII. 200. 

- - - - XL 382, 655. 
motley. VI. 60. 
motley coat. Xf. ^ 
mould of forms. X V, 1 67. 
mould warp. VIII. 496. 
------ IX. 355. 

mountain. IV. 441. 
moufe. V. ICQ, 31 2. 

XV.237. 

monfc hunt. XIV. 518. 
moufing. VIII, 51. 
mouths. IX. 343. 
moys. IX. 443. 
much. VL 136. 

- - - IX. 85. 

?6. 
U. 
muffle. XIV. 545. 
muffler. IIL 448 » 4^4. 

- ... IX. ^75, 

mules rode by Cardinals. XL 

147. 
mulled. XIL 183. 
Mulmuttus. XIII. 99. 
multiplying. XL 575. 
multitudinous. VIIL 422. 
mum budeet. IIL 477. 
mummy. XV. 563. 
mundane. XIIL 502. 
murdering piece. XV. 266. 
mure. Ix. 189. 
murky. VIL 547. 
murrain. V. 42. 

mufcadelat weddings. VI. 482. 
mufe. III. io6. 

VL 278. 

. - - VIL 480. 

- - - VIIL 93. 
X. 73. 

. - -XIL 135. 



XL 496. 
muck water. III. 394. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xlii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



MufcoTites. V. 319. 
moik rofe. V. 64* 
mofs. XII. 580. 
maftard. VI. 515. 
mate and dumo. XV. 107, 
motine. XV. 250* 321. 
marines. VIII. 54. 
mutton. IV. 307. 
• - - - IX. 107. 
myftcries* XL 42* 



N. 

napeiy. VI. 141. 

XV. S36. 

napkin. VI. 141. 
- - - - X. 242. 

XV. 53^ 

napkins. VII. 426. 

XII. 336. 

naplds. XII. 77. 

narzow fcas. lA. 26^f 

native. IX* 410. 

native things. VI. 204. 

natural touch. VII. 516. 

nature. III. 132, 144. 

. - . - Xn. 119. 

native to the heart. XV. 28. 

natures niiichief, VII. 376. 

nave. IX. loo. 

nay word. III. 380, 477. 

IV. 65. 

near. IX. 211* 
neat. VII. 19. 
neat flave. XlV» 94. 
neb. VII. 26. 
need. XI. 475. 
nceid. V. 102. 

Vm, 164. 

. - - XIII. CI 6, 57a 
negatives. IV. 1 85* 
negatives, ufe of. VII. 435. 
negledion. XI. 255. 

Xni. 509, 

ncif. V. 120, 
IX, 93. 



neither of either. V. 342. 
Nemean. XV. 70. 
Neoptolemus. XL 389. 
nephewr. IX. 576. 
nq^hews. X. 606. 

XV. 300. 

nether ftocks. VIIL i co. 

XIV. 112. 

nettle of India. IV. 80. 
never the nigher. VIIL s^$, 
Ncvil, Thomas. X. 225. 
Newgate fiifhion. VIIL 528, 
newt. V. 6c. 

XIV. 168. 

next. VIIL 505. 
next way. VI. 217- 

. VIL loo^ 

nice. VI. 1 24. 
- - - IX. 18, 164. 
... X. 602. 

..-XII 354. 587. 

. - - XIV. 454, J42. 

nicely. XIV, 100, 280, 

nick. III. 297. 

nicked. XII. 97 n 

night rule. V. 88. 

nill. XIIL 483. 

nill you. V. 457. 

nine holes. VII. 1 1 6. 

nine mens' morris. V. 43. 

no. IV. 350. 

nobility. XV. 33. 

noble. VIIL 464. 

noble ftate. XL 300. 

noble touch. XIL i6i. 

Nobody, fign of. III. 10 1. 

noddy, ni. 176. 

... .XL 238. 

noife. VII. cio. 

noife of muncians. IX. 74. 

nomination. X. 576. 

nonce. VIIL 38 c. 

noontide prick. X. 240. 

no point. V. 218, 328. 

Norfolk, Thomas, duke of. XL 

122. 

northern num. V, 36a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



xliii 



sot. XIL 154. 

not ever* Xl. 171* 

nouble argument. IV. 41 z. 

note. XI v. 224. 

note of expe^tion. VII. 472. 

notorious. XV, 605. 

nott pated. VlH. 44$. 

noWce. X. 520. 

novum. V. 350. 

nought. VI. 7. 

nourifh. IX, 509. 

nouzle. XIII, 429. 

nowL V. 89. 

nurture. VL 65. 

nuthook. IX. 237. 



O. 

o. rv. 91. 

• • IX. 264. 
..Xn.66i. 
. . XIV, 62. 
OLord-fir. VI. 251. 
Oberon. V. 39. 
objected. IX. 564. 
obje^ XI, C98. 
. -. .XU.348. 
obligations, a. 141. 
obfequions. X. 289* 471* 

XV. 32. 

obTerved. IX. 184. 
obferving. XI. 301. 
obftade, IX. 6c8. 
obftinacy* XIll 510* 
occupant, IX. 86. 
occupation. XII. 191. 
occupy. IX. 86. 
occorrents. XV. $^^. 
odd even. XV. 392. 
odd numbers. III. 475, 
odds. XIL 49T. 
od's pitikins. XIII. 17 c. 
Ocliads. XIV. 223. 
oe'r raught. VII. 222. 

XV, 153. 

Oc'i. V. loi, 314. 



of. IV. 1 1 J. 

- -vr. 162. 

- - X. 137, 644. 
of all loves. V. 73. 

. - XV. 504. 

ofiering. VIII. ^41. 

officers of the night. XV. 396. 
offices. VII. 401. 

XI. C24. 

XII. 582. 

XV. 478. 

oft capt. XV. 377. 
oily palm. XII. 420. 
old. IV. 544. 

- - V. f22. 

.-VII. 426. 

. - IX. 76. 

old age. IV. 71. 

old ends. IV. 41;. 

old news. VI. 473. 

Oldcaftle, fir John. VIII. 370, 

IX. 32, 

12$, 2J3. 

olden time. VII. 480. 

olds. XIV, 167. 

Olivers and Rowknds. IX. 518. 

omen. XV. 19. 

ominous. XI. 422. 

on. III. 193. 

. - Vm. 100. 

. . XI. 258. 

on fleep. III. i cc. 

on the way. XIV. 206. 

once. III. 434. 

.. .IV. 417. 

- - . VII. 252. 
. - - IX. 229. 
XL 34. 

" " 'J?X' 93» 94» 365. ^SS- 
one. XIII. r8o. 

one thing. XIII. ^60. 

onycrs. VIII. 421. 

opal. IV, 72. 

o(>crant. XV, igi. 

opinion. VIII. 498, 58 J. 

- . - - XII, 284. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xliv GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



oppofite. IV. 92, 1 19, 306. 

• X. 694. 

XII. 81. 

oppreffion. XII. 606. 
or. VIII. 142. 
. . XIIL 83. 
. . XV. 235. 
or e'er III. 11. 
or ever. XV. 41. 
orbed eroand. XV. 1 89. 
orbs. V. 30. 
orchard. XII. 271. 

XV. 77. 

orchards. IV. 446. 
ordinance. XIl7i35, 
ore. XV. 243. 
orgulous. XI. 214. 
orphan heirs. III. 484. 
Orpheus. HI. 247. 
ofprey. XII. 196. 
oftent. XII. C44. 
. . - XIII. 415. 
often tation. IV. 507. 

IX. 62. 

other. V. 124. 
otherwhere. VII. 225. 
over blow. IX. 362. 
overcome. 'VI I. 484. 
overcrows. XV. 352. 
overpleached. IX. 48 z . 
overfcutched. IX. 146. 
overt teft. XV. 420. 
overture. XII. 54. 

XIV. 195. 

overwrefted. XI. 257. 
ounce. V. 66, , 
Ouph. III. 461. 
ouiellcock. V. 81. 
out. III. 13* 
- . IX. 61. 
. - XI. 15. 
. . XII. 179. 
out of haunt. XV. 243* 
out, out. III. 224. 
outcry. VI. 88. 
outlook. VIIL 163* 
outvied; VL 464. 



outward. VI. 280. 

outward habit of encounter. XV. 

owe. IV. 43, 266. 

- - - V. 69* 204. 

- - - VII. 247, 565. 
XII, 146. 

. --Xlli, 58r. 
...XV. 539. 
owed. X. 634. 
owes. III. 43. 

- . . VIII. 45. 
XIV. 22, c8. 

owl a baker's daughter. XV. 

261. 
own. VI. 278. 
oxiips. V. 61. 
VII. 128. 



pace. VI. 344. 

- - . XI, 25V. 
pack. XIII. 334. 
packed. IV. 537. 
packing. VI. C42. 
packings XIV. 141. 
packs and feds. XIV. lOg. 
paddock. XV. 201. 
pagan. XV. 410. 

pageant of nine worthies, V. 

pageant*!. X. 630. 
paid. VIIL 458. 

- - - XIII. 172, 209, 
pain. IV. 263. 
pains. X. 492. 
painted cloth. VI. 93. 

- 7 XI. 451, 

painted hope. XII. 292. 
pair of (beers. IV. 190. 
palabras. IV. 493. 
pale. VII. 108. 

- . - X. 244. 
-..XV. 80. 

pale as lead. V. 473. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. xW 



pale reflex. XIV. 48a. 
palL Vn. 376. 

XV. 323. 

palled. XII. 517. 
palmers* VL 292. 
palmy. XV. 16. 
palter. VII. 578. 

XI. 308, 410. 

XII. 283. 

poly. XIV. 503, 
panfies. XV. 27^. 
pantaloon. VI. o8. 
pap of a hatcheu X. i6o. 
papers. XL i r* 
paragon. XUI. 525. 
paragoned. XI. 97. 
paraUel. XV. 499. 
parallels. XL 257. 
parcelL IIL 324. 

IV. 222. 

XIL 174, 66$. 

parcdl gilt. lA. 53. 
patdonnez moi. VlII. 337. 
pardonnez moys. XIV, 421. 
parget. XII. 66c, 
F^ns garden. Xi. 189. 
parifh. XIII. 163. 
pariihtop. IV. 15. 
paritor. V. 240. 
parje. XV. 10. 
parlous. V. 75. 

X. 546. 

part. VII. 250. 
- - - X. 201. 
partake. VII. 203. 
partaker. IX. 576* 
partakes. Xlll. 41 1. 
parted. XI. 17^, 342. 
partial (lander. VIII. 219. 
participate. XII. ii. 
parttciilar. IV. 391. 
partizan. XIL 512. 
Partlet. VII. 70. 

VIIL 524. 

parts. XV. 533. 
party. XIV. 82. 
palh. VU. 19. 



pafli. XI. 30J. 
pafs. VI. ^26. 

X. 143. 

XIV. 190, 229. 

pafs aflurance. VI. 510. 
pafs on. IV. 217. 
paifage. XV. 622. 
paflagcs. VL 186. 
paflages of proof. XV. 288. 
pafled. m. 329. 

XL 236. 

paffed in probation. VII. 456. 
paflcs. III. 4c I. 

. . -IV. 377. 
. - - XI. 404. 
paffing. X. 37^. 
paffion. III. 272. 

XII. 249. 

paffionate. VIIL 64. 

XIIL316. 

pafly meafure. IV. 159. 
pafture. XL 581. 
Patay, battle of. XL 609. 
patch. V. 443. 

patches. V. 88. 

path. XIL 280. 

pathetical. VI. i^$. 

patience perforce. XIV. 386. 

patient. XUI. 258. 

patrons, praying for. XIV. 16. 

pattern, a. 473. 

pattins. V. 526. 

pavan. IV. 160. • 

paved fountain. V.'4i. 

pauca. III. 316. 

paucas paiiabris. VI. 386. 

pawn. XIV. 17. 

pay- in. S3> 4^7- 

IV. 130. 

. . . VIL 286. 

- - - IX. 411. 

pax. IX. 376. 

peacock. XV. 200. 

'pear. XV. 271. 

pearl. VIL 582. 

pearls of praife. V. 476. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Elvi GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



peafcodfl* VI. 50. 
peat. VI. 415. 
pecks. V. 332. 
peculiar. IV. 194. 
pedant. VI. 5.07« 
peer. XV. 484. 
peer out. III. 44^. 
peeviih. III. 279. 

VI. 122. 

. - - -» VII. 271, i9i# 

IX. 39^:, 6sS' 

* - - - X. 390, 650. 

- - - - XI. 423. 

Peg a Ramfay. IV. 58. 
Pegafu.s. VI, 52^^ 

- - - - XI. 246* 
peize. V. 468. 

X. 673. 

pelican. XIV. iC9, 
. .^. - XV. 271. 
pelting. IV. 240. 

V. 42. 

XI. 397. 

XIV. 105. 

Pendragon. IX. 596. 
pennons. IX. 370. 
penfioners. III. 377. 

V. 30. 

penchoofc lid* VII. 345* 
peonied. III. 11 8. 
people. XIV. 70. 

pepper gingerbread. VIIL 504* 
perdu. XIV. 2J4. 
perdurable. IX. 447* 
perdy. VII. 2.89. 

XV. 201. 

perfe^. VIL 94* ^60, 520, 
XI. 494« 

- - - - XIII. loi, 160. 
perfeA thought. VIII. 173. 
pcrfedeft report. VII. 370. 
perforce. X. 469. 
periapts. IX. 645. 
Pcrigenia. V. 40. 
periluus. IX. 265* 
period. III. 456. 
periods. V. 147. 



periods. XL 473. 
perilh. X. 99. 
perjure. V, 273. 
periwig. III. 273. 
• - - . XV. 170. 
pcriwiw. XL 60 1* 
per ie. XL 229. 
perfevcr. XV. tor. 
.... Xffl. s6$. 
perfon. V. 269. 
perfonating. XL S^S* 
peripeAive. IV, 16*. 

IX. 495. 

perfpedives. VIIL 247* 
perturb. XV. 69. 
pervert. XIII. 92. 
peftilence. XV. coo. 
pew fellow. X. 629* 
pewter. VI. 462. 
phantafm. V. 249. 
phantafma. XII. 2 79* 
pheere. XIII. 392. 
phcefc. VL 385. 

XI. 306. 

pheefer. III. 331. 
Philip, Sparrow. VIIL 24. 
philofophers ftone. IX. 148* 
XL 520. 

phleginatic. VL 512. 
Phoenix. III. 104. 
phcenix. IX. 6^* 
pia mater. XL 278* 
pick. XL 199. 

XIL 18. 

pick axes. Xm. i8i. 
picked. V. 302. 

XV. 308. 

picked man. VIII. 21. 
pickers, XV. 203. 
picking of teeth. VII. i68« 
I'ickt hatch. III. 373. 
pick thanks. VIII. 508. 
pie. IX. 207. 
piece. XL 358. 
- - . XII. 57. 

— xm. ^6^. 



Digitized by KjOOQlQ 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX, xlvii 



pkce of him. XV. 7. 
piece of virtae. XHL gS^ 
pjded prieft. DC. 529. 
fMcrce. Vm. 58K 
pkfcecL XV. iL2o. 
pigeoii holes* yJL iig. 
pight.XI.449, 
• - - XIV. 84. 
pilche. Xni. 44a 
pilcher. XIV. 449. 
pil'd. IV. 190. 
lakd DC. C37. 
piflarock. XlV. i6o. 
pillars. XI. 84. 
pilled. X. 494I 
pin. XrV, ^lo. 
pia and wen. VU. xf. 
pinched. III. 270. 

• Vn. JO. 

pinfold. XIV. 9a 
pinkejne. XIL 520. 
pinnace. III. 338. 

- . . . X. 130. 
pin's fee. XV. jSg^ 
l»oneen. XV. 541. 
pious chanfons. XV. 134. 
piping wind. V. 4J. 

piis tallow. III. 480. 
piffing while. IIL 264. 
piftoLVm.469. 
pitch. VIII. 47?. 

XV. 163. 

|Mtch and pay. IX. 33^. 
pitchers have cars. X. 546. 
piteoofly. XUL 35a ' 
]»th.IV. 213. 
. - . IX. 573. 
pith and marrow. XV. 61 • 
pitiful hearted. VIII. 451. 
pix. IX. 376. 
place. VI. 45. 

- - - X.329. 
places VII. 44. 
placket. V. 239. 
VII. 162. 

- - - • XI. 29c. 
XIV. 162. 



plage, XIV. 31. 
plague. V. 339. 
phgued. VIII, Ai. 
- - .. - X. 496. 
plain. Ill, 157. 
plain fong. V. 82. 
plaited. AlV. 29. 
plainly. XII. 2^3* 
planched. IV. 317. 
plantage. XL331. 
Plantagenet. VIII. 17. 
planuin leaC XIV. 351. 
plants. Xn. 5 J I. 
plates. XII. 663, 
platforms. IX. §g$m 
plaulive. XV. 62. 
play the men. III. 6. 
play the touch. X. 613. 
pUyed the prize. XIII. xjz^ 
players, rewards to. VL 39^. 
pbys at univerfities. XV. ^60. 
pleached. XIL 630. 
plot. XU. i4r. 
... XV. 257. 
ploughed. X3II. c66. 
pIucKACfow. :VII. 252# 
plurify. XV. 289. 
ply. VL 412.. 
point. IIL 2;. 
• - - IX. 12. 
point device. IV. 94. 
point dcvifc.V. 303. 

VL loou 

points. IV. 27. 

vn. 135. 

... .VIIL4fio. 
poifoned voice. IX. 662. 
poize. XIV. 88. 
... XV. 512. 
poking fticks. VIL 137. 
Polack. XV. 1 1. 
politick regard. XI. 3r2. 
poUed. XII. 182. 
pomander. VIL 161. 
pome water. V. 25. 
Fompcy. X. 133. 
pons chanfons. XV. 134* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xlviii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



pooped. XIII..535. 
poor fool. IV. 170, 478. 

X. 283. 

XIV. 296. 

poor jade. IX. 11. 
poor John. XIV. 327. 
poor worm. XUL 407* 
Popcring. XIV, 396. 
popinjay. VIII, 592. 
popularity. IX. 274. 
porcupine. XV. 74. - 
porpentine. VII. 266. 
porpus. XlII. 441. 
porringer. VI. 517. 

XI. 193. 

port. VI. 421. 

- - - XI. 375. 

poruble. VII. 531. 
porta^. IX. 350. 
. . - - XIIL 489. 
portance. XII. 107. 

XV. 422. 

porter. XL 509. 
Portia. XII. 363. 
ports. XIL 47, 228. 
ports of ilumber. IX. 194. 
poiTefs. IV. 6c, 318, 536. 

VIII. 2 JO. 

XI. 375. 

poffeffcd. V. 41C. 

XIL 67. 

poiTeilions. lU. 278. 
poflets. VII. 414^ 
poft. IV. 42. 

- . . VIL 220. 
potatoes. III. 481* 

XL 410, 453. 

potch. XII. c8. 
potency. XlV. 19. 
potents. VIIL 51. 
poulter. VIIL 477. 
pounce! box. VIII. 392. 
pouts. XL 26. 
powder. VIII. 589. 
power. XI. 256, 

XIL 93, 55^- 

XIV. 19. 



pow^rfiil grace. XIV. 414.. 

powers. 3u. 91, 

pox. V. 314, 

praftice, IV. 361, 362. 

. . . -XIV. 121. 

pradife. IX. 592. 

- - - - XL 24. 

- - - - XIL 46J. 

- - - -XV. 291, 654. 
pnemanire. XL 1294 
praife. IV. 3^. 

praiie in parung. III. 106. 
prank. I V. 74. 

- - -- XIL m. 
pranked. VIL 119. 
pray in aid. XII. 65 c. 
praying after plays. IX. 254^ 
precedent. VIIL 156. 

.. . - -X. 59a. 
precept. IX. 208. 
preciuon. IIL 351. 
prefer. V. 137. 

XIL 395- 

XIIL 453. 

XV. 415. 

pregnancy. IX. 36. 
pregnant. IV. 48, 102, i8z^. 
217. 

-XIIL 177, 519. 

. - . . .XV. 116, 178. 
premifed. X. 196. 
prenominate. Xv. 92. 
preordinance. XII. 33. 
prefccibes. XIV. 28. 
piefence. XL loo. 
XIII. 579. 

- - - . - XIV. 549. 
prefent. IIL 7. 

VIL 26, 379. 

prefent fears. ViJ. 359. 
prefenred. IV. 243. 
prefs money. XIV. 233. 
preflcd. XII. 25. 
prefTure. XV, 175. 
preft. V. 406. 

Xm.519. 

prefuppofcd. IV. 169. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX: xlix 



pretence. III. •217. 
.... VII, 80, 441. 

. XIV. 38. H- • 

pfetend. VII. 44^. 

• - - - IX. 608, 610. 
pvecended. Ill* 121. 
pRtty. IX* 290. 
picreiit. IX. 4O9 61 1. 

xn. 580. 

pitfeuted* rV« loi* 

prices at playhoafes. XI. 194. 

prick. XL 9^. 

prick eared, IX. 312. 

prick of noon, XIV. 429. 

P«t«»^V.35,. 

pricket. V. 26a. 

prickiiigof thorob*. VtL j^;. 

pricks, in. 76. 

piMe. IX. 593. 

pride of place. VII. 444. 

prieft's Mce at fanerals. VII. 

prig. VlL 108, 116. 
prime. VI. 24c. 
primer bafcneis. XI. 32. 
primero. III. 469. 

- - - - XI. 161. 
principality. III. 212. 
principals. XIU. 496. 
princox. XIV. 386. 
prints in. Iir. 201. 

- . . -V. 237. 
printmg. X» i c6. 
private plot. a. 59. 
prize. X. 2C0. 
prize me. XlV. jo. 
probal. XV. 499. 
proceed. V. j8c. 

• ... VI. J04. 
procds. XIL 410. 
prodigious. V. 170. 

VUl. 70. 

- XL 406. 

xn. 266. 

proface. DC 225. 
profime. IX. 24;. 
.... XV. 591, 467. 

Vol. III. 



profanity. XV. 176. 
profeifion. VI. 239. 
prognoftication. VII, 171. 
progrefs. XV. 2^. 
proje^. XII. 66^. 
projedion. IX. 340. 
prolixioas. IV. 269. 
prologue. XV. 19. 
prompture. IV. 270. 
prone. rV. 201. 

XIIL 211. 

proof. IX. 179. 
propagate. XL 472. 
prc^gation. IV. 199. 
proper. IV. 378, 457. 

- - - - V. 4it>. 

IX. 63. 

X. 485. 

XL 17 

'.XIV. 6. 

proper man. III. 2ra 
properties. III. 463: 

V. 28. 

property. VL 246, 397. 

xn. 349. 

prc^hecy of events. Vn. 432. 
proportion. IV. 189. 
propofe. IV. 460. 461. 

- - - - IX. 220. 
propriety. XV. 489. 
prorogue. XIIL 574. 
prorogued. XIV. 404. 
profperous. XL 646. 

XV.433. 

proyand. XH. 78. 
provant. XIV. 393, 
provincial. IV. 372. 
Provincial rofcs. XV. igl. 
provoking. XIV. 174. 
provoft. iV. 21C. 

prond to do. Xll. 76. 
prone. VIIL 366. 

XV. 547. 

prunes. XIU. 206. 

?nining. V. 284. 
uck. V. 3r. 
padder. XIV. 148. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 

Pegging. Vn. 108.' qtia&tir. VIII. rc^ 

puke ftocking. Vm. 446. XV. 1*84 

pan. XI. 276. quarrel. VII. 33 1« 

punk. III. 381. .... XI. 74« 

pur. XIV. 180. quarry. VII. 540. 

purchafc. VIIL 42A. - . - - XII, 17. 

purchafe of laod. iV. 136. quart d'eco. Vu $$$• 

puichafed. IX. 203. quarter. VUL i7a« 

XII.444. XV. 489, 

purlieu. VI. 140. quartered. XIII. 186L 

purfuivants. IX. 573. quat. XV. 619. 

puffel. IX. 5:42. qoeafy. XIV. 81. 

put. IV. 179. CJueen Mah. XIV. 371, 

put her down. VL 546* quell. V. 160. 

put himfelf. XV. 478. VH. 398. 

put it on. XIV. 63, qneller. XI. 438* 

put on. VIII. 544. quench. XIIL 41. 

- - - .Xm. 189* quern. V« 34. 

XV. 3c8, 466. . queft. IV. 320. 

put out the light. XV. 62$. - - • X. 518. 

puts forth. XII. 22. qfutt of love. XIV, %u 

putter on. VII. ^6. quefts. XV. 403. 

.... - XI. 29. . queftion. IV. 263. 

putter out. in. 107. - - - - - V. 61, 503. 

putting down. HI. $j$^ ..... VI. 1 13. 

putting OB. IV. 331. . VII. 107, 184. 

XIL 109. IX. 270. 

pnttock. XIII. 17. ..... XI, 356. 

pyramidcs. XII. 659. XV. 15, 127* t$$^ 

pyraipifet. XII. 5 14.. 41 2. 

qneftionable. XV. 66* 
queftioning. VI. 1 68. 

Q^ queftrifii.XIV. 189. 
quick. V. 189. 

quaiL VI. 43. - -•- • IX. 322. 

... VIII. 538. XI. 590* 

... XI. 403. XIL 672. 

... XIII. 219. quick winds. IV. 424. 

quailing. X. 278. quicken. VI. 413. 

quails. Xll. 490. ..... XII. 640. 

quaint. III. 474. quiddets. XV. 30;. 

.... V. 64. quietus. XV. i6a 

* X. 109. quill. X. 22. 

quake. XII. ci. quiUets. V. 291. 

qualification. XV. 475. .... XI. 602* 

quality. III. 25, 253^ 484. .... XV. 30J1 J04. 

.... IV. 328. quintain* VL zj^ 1 75, 

I 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL tNt>EX. 



U 



quipi. m. 254. 
• - - XV. 159. 
qnired. XIL 146. 
quit. IIL 27. 
- - - IX. 359. 
. - - X. 686. 
^..Xn. 58J:. 

XV. 329. 

qou you. IV. 383. 
quittanoe. IX. i6. 
----- XL 487. 
quiver. IX. 143. 
qaondaoi. X. 361. 
qootc. IIL 2o6. 
. - - Xm. 322. 

XIV. 366. 

quoted. V. 277. 

VL 367. 

Vni. 13*. 

-XL 396. 

XV. $6. 



R, dogs' letter. XlV. 436. 

rabato. IV. 486. 

nbbet facker. VIIL 476. 

race. IIL 39. 

-'- -XIL 436. ' 

rack. III. 128. 

IV. 320. 

- - - X. 2CI. 

— xn. 624. 

rack the value. IV* 50). 
rwked. V. 370. 

XIL 200. 

rag. III. 454. 

-..XL 613. 

rag of honour. X. jbO. 

jagged. VI. }4, 

» - . - IX. 19. 

rain. X. loi. 

rake.XIL5. 

rake up. XIV. 249. 

ran. XII. 495* 

" 5'- 



laoffed. XIL 410. 
fank. Vni. 170. 
' - - . XL 40, 259. 
... XIL 321. 
rank garb. XV. 477. 
rank time. VL i;6. 
rape. XL 290. 
rapien. VIII. 303. 
rapine. XIII. 3(7. 
rappUXIV. 122. 
rapt. VII. 3C2. 
raptaie. XU. 72. 
rarely. XL 628. 
rafcal. IX. 78, 240* 620. 
. - - XIL If. 
rafe. XIU. 398* 
rafed. X. 567. 
lafli. IV. tx6. 
Vn. 36. 

- . -VIIL 229, cii. 
IX. 186. 

XI. 364. 

.. -XIV.193. 

XV. 564. 

rated. VI. 410. 
rated finew. VIII. c62. 
rational increafe. YL 196. 
ravin. IV. 197. 

VL 287. 

ravin'd. VII. 502^ 
raught. V. 262. 
IX. 450. 

- - - - X. 61, 241. 

xn. 612. 

raw. VI. 79. 

...Xia537. 
-.-XV. 332. 
rawly. IX. ±09* 
rawnefs. VII. ^27, 
ray*d. VL 488. 
raze. VIII. 259. 
razes of ginger. YtlL 41^. 
reafon. VIlL 143. 

- - - -X. 516. 542, 657. 

XIL 188. 

XV. 33. 

rcafoned. V. 453. 

d 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



reafoning. III. 2oo. 
rebeck. XIV. 530. 
recheate. IV. 41 1. 
reck. IV. 271. 
recking. III. 26$, 
recklefs. III. 279. 
reckoning. XTv . 349. 
recks. VL ci. 

XV. 50. 

recolleftcd. IV. 68. 
record. III. 281. 

XIII. 517. 

recorded. VII. 569. 
recorder. V. 149. 
recorders. XV. 204. 
recover the wind. XV. 204. 
reconrfe. XL 426. 
recure. X. 6oo. 
red-breaft. XIII. 169. 
red lattice. III. 37 c. 

IX. 64. 

red pkguc. III. 39. 
reduce. X. 698. 
reechy. IV. 482. 

• XII. 74. 

XV. 238. 

reel. XII. 5x8. 
refdled. IV. 360. 
refufe. XI. 90. 
regiment. All. 546. 
region. XV. 581. 
regrect. VIII. 88. 
regreets. V. 460. 
reguerdon. IX. 1^89, 605. 
relapfe. IX. 436. 
relative. XV. 152. 
relilh. XIII. 47c. 
remembrance. IX. 221* 
remembred. VI. 73. 
------ X. 546. 

remifs. XV. 291. 
remorlc. III. 144. 
... - IV. 236, 3^0. 

- • - - V. 496. 

VI. S3. 

VII. 374. 

- - - . VUI. 148. 



lemorfe. IX. 66u 

• - — X. 604. 
.... XII. 272. 

. - - -XV. 54 J. 553. 
rcmorfefaL IIL 262. 

... X. 122. 

remotion. XL 61 8* 
removed. IV. 203, 

VI. 07. 

VIlLssS. 

XV. 69. 

removes. VL 362. 
remuneration. V, 236. 
render. VL 143. 

- • • • XL 644. 

XIIL186. 

reneges. XIL 407. 
rent. VII. 537. 
repair. VL 207. 

. - - - X. 204. 

XIII. 16, 540. 

repeal. XII. 16^. 
repeals. XV. 500. 
reports. XIL 467. 
reproof. VIIL 386, 508. 
repuen. IX. 612. 
requiem. XV. 314. 
referve. XIIL 526. 

XIV. 17. 

refift. Xin. 459. 
lefolve. VIIL 169. 

- - - - IX. C22» 6oc. 

XIV. 40. 

....XV.S5. 
refolved. IV. 310. 

• ... X. 287. 
.... XHL 469. 
lefpeft. V. 531. 
«... XL 284, 612. 

XV. 158. 

refpedive. III. 274. 

V. C36. 

VIIL 19. 

XIV. 452. 

refpedively. XI. 531. 
refocas. XIV. 26. 
refpice finem. VIL 288* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



liii 



itft* IX. 508* 

reftive. Xill. 142. 

rcftoration. XI v. 1J4. 

feftrain* XI. 644* 

retailed. X. 554, 645. 

retire. XIL 28. 

retired. VIII. 250. 

retires. VIII. 456, 

retort. IV. 372. 

revcrbt. XI v. 17. 

reverence. XIII. 172* 

rene. VI. 538. 

revolts of mien. IIL 341. 

revolts. XIII. 185. 

revolution. XII. 428. 

rheumatick. IX. 8o» 334. 

rbcomatick difeafes. V. 45. 

Rhodope. IX. 547. 

rib. V. 449. 

ribald. XII. 556. 

richcd. XIV. lo. 

Richmond, Henry, earl of. X. 

356. 
Richmond, Margaret, countefs, 

X. 487. 
rid. III. 40. 

riddles, book of. II F. 323. 
ride the raare. IX. 52. 
rife. V. 143. 
rift. VII. 177. 
riggifli. XIl. 486. 
right. VIII. 170. 
right drawn. VIII. 193. 
right now. X. 95. 
rigol. IX. 19;. 
rim. IX. 441. 
ringed about. IX. 624. 
ripe. V. 71. 
ripe wants. V. 415;. 
ripenefs. XIV. 268. 
rivagc IX. 348. 
rivabty. XIl. 539. 
rivals. XV. 6. 
rive. IX. 6 1 8. 
Rivo. VIII. 4JO. 
road. III. 214. 
loam. IX* 585. 



Robin Goodfdlow. V. ^^^ 
Robin Hood. III. 251. 
rogues, in. 365. 

VI. 386. 

romage. XV, i c. 
Romilh. Xni. 58. 
ronyon. III. 454. 
. . - -VU. 342. 
rood. IX. 1 20. 
rook.X. 397. 
rook^. VII. 470. 
rootmehog. X. 498. 
rtx)ts. xV. 76. 
rope tricks. VI. 430. 
ropcijr. XIV. 431. 
Rofcius. X. 304. 
rofc cheeked. Xl. 593. 
roiemaVy. VJI. 124. 

.• XIV. 435. 

XV. 27c. 

rofes, wearing of. V III. i c. 
- . - XV; 223. 
rota. XV. tn 
roog 
roughe 

round. IX. 412. 
.... XV. 107. 169. 
rounded. VIII. 65. 
roundel. V. 64. 
rounding. VII. 28. 
roundure. VIII. 46. 
roufe. XV. 3c, 59, 482. 
rowel head. lA. 1 1 . 
royal. VIU. 383, 464. ' 
- - - XI. 139. 
royal faith. IX. 165. 
royal Merchant. V. 497. 
royalize. X. 492. 
royally attomey'd, VII.- 8. 
roynifh. VI. 42. 
rub. XI. 323. 
ruddock. XIII. 169* 
rue. IX. 73, 
. . XV. 277. 
ruffianed. XV. 4;2. 
ruffle. XIII. 267. 
XIV. 137. 



ta. XV. 273. 

ogh hew. XV. 324. 

ugher accidents. XIl. 151. 



d3 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



liv GLOS^ARIAL INDEX. 



faffler. VT. ci y. 

ruinate. VII. 25$. 

rule IV, 64. 

Rumour. IX. ^. 

ramp-fed ronyon, VIL 342. 

running banquet. XL 49, 199* 

rupture. Xin. 450. 

ru(h rings. VI, 249^ 

ruihes. IX. 241. 

Xin. 66. 

XIV. 366. 

ruth. XII. 17. 
Rutland* X. 237. 



fables, fuit of. XV. 184, 

fack. VIII. 484, 581. 

. • -IX. 591. 

fack and fug^r. VIII, 381, 4j;4» 

479* 
Sackeribn. III. 328. 

facred. XIII. 282. 

facring bell. XL 126. 

fad. in. 186. 

- - IV. 422, 459, 

- - V. 126. 
. . VL 86. 

. . VIL 143. 
• - IX. 221. 
lad oftent. V. 436. 
fadly. IX. 212. 
ladneis. X. 310. 

XIV. 339. 

fafe. XII. 437. 
fafeguard. XII. no. 
fafer. XIV. 233. 
faffron. VL 329. 
fag. VIl. C44. 
Sagittaiy. Al. 434. 

- - - - -XV. 421, 
»faid. Xni. 403. 
faid I well. III. 331. 

IX. 135. 

Saint Charity. XV. z6u 
Saint Gis. XV. 26J. 



Saint Ja^ues. VI. 264. 
Saint Nicholas* IIL 239. 
Saint Nicholas Clerks. Via 

419. 
Saint Patrick. XV. 84. 
Saint Paul's. IX. 28. 
Saint Valentine. XV. 262. 
Saint Withold. XIV. 167. 
fallet. X. 173. 
faltiers. VIL 147. 
Samingo. IX. 230. 
fampbire. XIV. 226. 
fanded. V. 130. 
Sands, lord. XL 42, 59. 
fandbag. X* 62. 
fatisfy. Xin. 201 • 

- - - - XIIL 141. 
fayagenefi. XV. 02. 
fave reverence. XIV, 369. 
faucy. VI. 337. 

fiwv. V. 377. 
...XIV. 104. 
fawcy fweetnefs. IV. 258. 
lay. X. I c c. 
•lay. XIV. 280. 
fcafibldale. XI. 257. 
fcald. XL CI 8. 

Xn. 672. 

fcale. rv. 292. 

XILo. 

fcaling. Xli. 1Q9.. 
fcall. III. 407. 
fcamble. VlII. 150. 
fcambling. IV. 526* 

- IX. 269, 490. 

fcamels. III. 85. 
fcanned. VII. 488. 
fcantling. XL 268. 
fcapes of wit. IV. ^20* 
fcare. XII, 177. 
fcarfed bark. V, 445. . 
fcarre. VI. 313. 

fcath. VUI. 32. 
. . . Xm. 348. 

XIV. 386. ' 

fcathe. X. 70, 50j« 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INI>£X. 



Iv 



fcathfoL IV. 153. 
iconce. III. 37 j. 

VII. 221. 

IX. 380. 

XV. 306. 

fcopc. IV. 187. 

fcore. XV. c8x. 

fcrape trenc^rmg. IIL 86. 

fcrawl. IV. log. 

fcrimers. XV. 288^. 

icrip. V. 22. 

fcriptares. XUL 1 24. 

Scroop, Henry, lord. IX. 303, 

{craytes. VIII. 53. 

fcnibbed. V. 537. 

fcub. XI. 435. 

fea of troables. XV. 157. 

fcalof.blifs. V. 98; 

feam. XI. 304; 

fcamy fide. XV. 606. 

{«'• VII. cri, 559. ' 

fear up. Xm. 14. 

fcas worth. XV. 402. * 

feafon. IV. 238. 

- - .-VI. 189. 

VII. 48$. 

XV. 42,53. 

feafoned. XIl. 15 2. 
feafons. XIII. 44. 
feat. VII. 380. 

- * IX. 299. 

- - XII. 12, 99. 
feated. VIL 350. 
fea. Vn. 86. 
... IX, 77. 

XV. 445. 

iecare. Vlli. 242. 

XV.580*. 

iecarely. XI. 384. 
fcctoUve.Vin: 1x4. 
ieeded. XL 267. 
fiseking. XII. 17. 
fccL 301. 627, 667. 

XV. 441, f28. • 

feeling. VIL 4^. 
kcaiiag. HI* 409. 
..,..IV.26t. 



feeming. VI. 163. 

XIV. 22. 

fecn. VI. 432. 

feld. *XIL 74. 

feldom comes the better. X. 540. 

felt XIII. 34c. 

- . XIV. 2ii 

felf bounty. XV. 527. 
felf charity. XV. 49 r» 
fclf covered. XIV. 2rr. 
felf figured knot. XUI. 79. 
fdf king.IV. 9. 
fclf ibvereignty. V. H5» 
femblably;Vm.577. 
fenior juniors. V. 238. 
fenioxy. X. 628. 
fennet. XI. 83. 

- - - - XH* 248. 
Senoys. VI. 206. 
fenfe. III. 57. • 

IV. 24^. 

. . - XIII. 603. 

XV. 228,618. 

.38* 

IX. 
fenfible. XIF. 37. 
ieptentrion. X. 245. 
fepulchting; XIV. 123. 
iequell. V. 234. 
fequence. XL 648. 
fequeftration. XV. 446. 
fere. VIL 274. 
fcrge. X. ICC. 
ferjeant. XV. 3 jr. 
ferpigo. IV. 275^. 

XJ. 298. 

fervant. IH. 198. 
fervants fworn. XIII. 9;. 
fcrve. X. 638. 

• ..XIV. 343. 
fenrice. VIII. 507. 

- . - -X. 371. 
ferving of becks. XI. co6. 
fcffev. XIV. 183. 
fet. III. 197. 
. - XV. 2/2. 
let down. A V. 470*- * 

d4 



fenfes. VIL 381?. 
ienfes rule. IX. 33;. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ivi 



GLOSSARIAL. INDEX. 



fetof wit. V. 313. 
fet up bills. IV. 397. 
ict op reft. Vll. 281. . 

XIV. 520,553/ 

Setebos. III. ^ 

fetting. VIL 149. 

feven deadly fins. IV. 284* 

fcTcnfold. XII. 626, 

feventh caufe. VI. i6i« . 

ftveral. V. 220. 

fewer, VIL 386, 

fexton.IV. 517. 

ihadow of a dream. XV. zj6. 

Ihaft or bolt. III. 428. 

ihag eared. VII. 521. 

ihag haired. X. 9U 

ihame. XIII. lor, 

ihaiiie refped. xL 427, 

ihapc. XIV. 21. 

Ihapelefs. V. 331. 

flurd bom. VU. 466. 

iharded. XIII. lii. 

ihards. XII. 527. 

XV. 313. 

(hark np. XV. 14. 
ihaven Hercales. IV. , 
ihaving malefaAors. IV. 334. 
ihealedDearcod.XlV. 62. 
Iheen. V. 32. 

VI. 68. 

XV. 189. 

Iheer. VIIL 334. 
ftcnt. III. 345. 
IV. 145. 

* - • XIL 212. 

- - - XV. 209. 
iheriflTs fool. VI. 326. 
fheriflTspofts. IV. 32. 
Iherris fack. IX. 180. 
fliinc. VIL 4fr. 

• - - XIII. 421. 
ihivc XIIL 280. 
Ihoal of time. VII. 388. 
flioe firings. IV. 338. 
ihoeing with felt. 5CIV. 262. 
ihoes> fidUon of. VIII. i$6. 
fliog. IX. 512. 



it!'- 



327- 



ihoot. XV. ^66. 

ihooter. V. 253. 

ihoou. XIL 664. 

(hort grazed. IIL 122. 

Ihort knife and throng. III. 373. 

(hot. IX. 139.* 

- ..XIV. 462.* 
ihotfree. VIIL 578. 
ihotten. IX. 367. 
(hove eroat. IX. 94. 
(hoveiboards. HI. 318. 
ihouffhs. VII..457. 
ihoukler clapper. Vll. 275. 
ihoulderof thefail. XV. 50. 
ihouldered. X. 599. 
ihrewd. VI. 430. 

ihrift. XIV. 598. 
lhrills.XL'428. 
ihrive. VII. 244.. 
(hrivbg. X. 573. 
ihriving time. XV, ^ 
Shrovetide. IX. 227! 
ihrouds. VIIL 183. 
ihrowds. IX. iii. 
fhat up. VIL 402. 
Sibyls. IX. C2I. 
fide. XIV. 265. 
fide fleeves. IV. 
fides. VII. 409. 
fiege. III. 82. 
... IV. 329. 

- - - XV. 286, 400. 
fieve. XL 286^ 
figh away Sundays. IV. 409. 
fightkfc VUI. 70. 
fighu of fteel. IX. 159. 
fign. XI. 91. 
. . . XIIL 21. 
figneur diea. IX. 440. 
figns of w^, IX. 328. 
fiens well. XIL 597. 
fiknced. XL 17. 
filent of the night. X. jr.' 
fiUy.VILiii. 
... XIV. 100. . , 
filver gronnd.'XTV. 530^ 
fincere motions. ^ ai. 



.487. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Ivii 



Sncklo. VI. 396. 
fingk. IX. 36. 
fingle heart. XL 91. 
fingle oppofition. XlU. 149. 
fingle ftate. VII. 360. 
fingk vinae. XIV. 277. 
fings by kind. VI. 217. 
fink apace. IV. 22. 
fink orfwim. VIII. 403* 
fir. III. 303, 509. 
. . VL 106. 

- - X. 20, 57a, 658. 
Sir Dagonet. IX. 140* 
fimlu VIL518. 
Vm. 385. 

- - . XII. 384, 674. 
... XUL 319. 
Men. XUL 570. 

fit out. V. 187. 

ith. la 384. 

. . IV. 206. 

. . X. 217, 237. 

. . XV. 545. 

fitbencc* VI. 222. 

fiaaes. XIV. 128. 

ikain's ooate. XLV. 43 1« 

ikilLVILi30. 

ikUl left. XL 220. 

IkiUs. X. 87. 

tkimbk (kambk. VIIL 496. 

Icinker. VUL 443. 

iupping. IV. 35. 

fcir,VII.56o. 

... IX. ^5. 

Skogan. IX. 124. 

flave. XIV. 204. 

fleave. VIL 418. 

fledded. XV. 11/ 

fleeve. XJ. 411. 

fleeve bands. VII. ij6. 

ikerc filk. XL 402. 

fleidcd. Xm. ci6. 

Aide thrift. IX. 94... 

flints. VIL 49a. 

flip. XL 296. 

---XIV. 423. .^ 

flipperyr. Xt 471. . 



flips. IX. 352.. 
flivcr. VIL €03. 

XIV. 208. 

flops. IV. 470. 
. .. V.2.64. 
floughs. IX. 403. 
flowed. XIV. 429. 
flower. X, 477, 
flubber. V. 455. 

XV. 431. 

finall ale. VL 402. 
iiaules and tears. VIII. 326. 
fmihngly. XU. 192. 
fmirched^ IV. 483, 503, 
fmites. IX. 307. 
Smolkin. XIV. 469. 
fmooth. X. 481. . 
• - - - XIII. 419, 

. XIV. 97, 465. 

fiieap. IX. c^. 
ibeaping. V. 18^. 
.... .VILio. 
fiieck w. IV. 6u 
fnipe. XV. 450. 
fnu£ V. ic7> 31a. 

-. -VIIL 39'. 

fnuft. XIV. 141. 

fo forth. VII. 28. 

foft.XV.^18. 

foft conditions. VL $56. 

foil. IX. 203. 

foUcd. XIV. 237. 

fokljr. VIL 66. 

foliated. XV. $^^. 

foliciting. VIL 359. 

folicits. XUL 55. 

folidares. XI. C32. 

fome ^ear. XIV. 6. 

fometune. V.. 406. 

finnetimes. VIIL 345. 

Songs and Sonnets^ book of. UL 

3*^» 
footh. VII. 132.* 

vm. 290. 

X. 327. 

fop o' the moonflune. XIV. 93. 
Sophy. V. 424. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Iviii 



GLOSSARiAL INDEX. 



forer. XIII. 140. 
forrel. V. 263. 

VIII. sfo. 

forricft. VII. 463* 
forronr wag, IV. 5aow 
fort. III. 249. 
.--IV. 396. 

V. 90, loojiii. 

--.Vm.314, 

- - - X. 22, io9t> 400^ 689; 

XI. 272. 

.-.XV. 15. 

fort and fuit. iV. 349. 
forted. VL 514.. • 
forts. VI. 14, 

- - - IX. 2<)%, 4OJ. 

X. 261. 

XI. 225. 

- - . XIIL 536. 
foriy. Vn. 299. 
forry fight. Vll 416* 
fot. III. 406. 

fouced eurnecVIIL 549. 
foud. VI. 498. 
foul fearing. VIII. 55* 
foul of great artick. XV. ^^$, 
found, yilL mS, 
found direction* X. 665* 
fowle. XII. 1 81. 
fowter. IV, 91^ • 
fpanieled. XII. 617. 
Spanilh blades* XiV. 376* 
spanned. XL 25* 
{pare, VII. 82. 
Spartan dog. XV. 662. 
(peak daggers. XV^ 909. 
* parrot. XV. 496. 

Eing thkb. .IX. 74. 
s holida}^ II L 410, 
(peaks fmaiL III. 309* 
(peculation. XI. 343. 
(peculative inilrumentf. XV. 

foeedtVlL 89, 
(pell backward. IV. 463. 
(pend his moath. XL 406. 
(pendchrifc figh. ]|^V< •290« 



fpcrre. X(. 21;. 
(pets, V. 419. 
(pices. Xn. 197. 
(pidtif*. VII. 49. 
fpill, XIV. 145. 
fpirit of-fenfc. XL ^zr. 
{jat white. IX. 38. 
(pleen. V. 14. 

VI. 472. 

VIII. rj. 

XV. 582. 

(jpleen ridiculous. V. 319, 

(pleens. XL 293-. 

(poons. XL 1 8 6. 

fpot. yilL 157. 

- . -*XIL 30. 

(potted. V. 11. 

(pout. XL 42a. 

(()rag. HI. 444. • 

(prighted. XIIL 81. 

(prights. VII. J 1 3, 

(pring. V. 40. 

(pring halt. XL 44. 

(pringes. XV. •^. ■ • 

(bringing. X. 5^0. 

(pritcly fhd#s; XrtI; 234.; 

(pur. XIIL 509. 

(pur of occafion-. Vlf, 39?'. . 

(purring. XL 6oz# * 

(purs. Xin. 1 54. • 

foy. XL 316. 

(quare. V. 32. • 

. XIL461; 477, 5-74. • 

XIU. 281. ' 

XIV. II. 

fquarer. IV. 404. 
fqualh. V. 86. 

VIL 23, - 

fqainy. XIV. 238 # 
fquint. XIV. 274. 
fquire. V. 344. 

VIL 147. - 

VUI. 426. 

fquire of low dfenee. IX. 475. 
fquire of the body. S^H. 368. 
(tabbing reins. V. 278. 
ftablciland.VIL5^^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



0LOS6ARIAL INDEX. 



Ux 



fttff tipped with hon, IV, ^54. 
fiagcIV. 188, 
ft^ed. XIL 574* 
Ibggen. VI. 264* 

Xni. 12$. 

ftain. VL loc. 

Xm. 547, 

ftair. XIV. 434. 

ftak. III. 132. 

---VII. 231. 

. . - XIL 485. 

ftalk. IV, 452, 

Italkiog horfe. VI, 166. 

fiamp of fiiiries, V, 91, 

ftand. VII. MI. 

ftand at guard. IV. 207. 

ftand empty. XL 251. 

ftand him. VI. 431. 

ftand in a mort. IX. 177. 

ftand in bold cure. XV. 457. , 

ftand o£ IX. 323. 

ftand on. III. 369. 

^and pnttinff 00. XV. 477, 

ftandard. IlL 9c. 

ftanding bowL XIIL 464. 

ftands opon* VIIL 263* 

....... X. 616. 

...... XIL 225, 461* :. 

Stanley, Thomas^ loid» X, 487 

fiam^. IV. oQ. 

ftar. XV. 62. 

ftaik. Xin. i68« 

ftarkly. IV* 327, 

ftate. IV. 84. 

V. 284. 

...yiL474. 

VIIL47J. 

• « IX. 22o« aaa, 

ftatet. XIIL I2i« 
ftatioo* XIL S3h 

XV. 2^$. 

ftatift. XIIL 83. 
ftatifti* XV. 326. 
ftataa. IIL 275. 



ftate cap. V. 32c 

ftaie of law. VIn. 1^33, 



fiatua. XII. 30J9 318. 
ftatua^i ^vl9^ 
ftatutes. XV. 306. 
ftayes. X. 66^ 
ftay. VIIL c8. 
ftay upon. All. 427. 
fiead. xni. 481. 
ftem. XIL 88. 
ftem to ftem. XHL 528. 
ftemage. IX. 348, 
f^ewaras chains. IV. 6$. 
ftewed prunes. IV. 223* 

VIIL 52a. 

IX. 86. 

ftews* IX. 539* 
fticking place. VII« 395.. 
ftickler.XI. 441* . 
ftigmatical, Vli. 274* 
ftigmatick. X. 192^ 268, 
ftile. in. 338. 
ftiU. X. 640. 

.--xm. 31T. 

ftilly founds. Ia, 39^8. 
ftint. XL $$. 

XIIL 346, 55^ 

ftintcd. XIV. 3J7. 
ftints. XL 386, 660. 
ftithy.XL397. 

XV. 179. 

ftoccata. XIV. 448. 
fiock. IIL 240. 
... IV. 22. 

VL 476. 

ftocks. XIV. 102. 
ftomach. III. 22, 182. 
.... IV. 442. 
... - XL 1418, 397. 
ftoxnachs. IX. 5:34^ 
ftonc bow. IV. 84. 
ftood. XII. 187. 
ftood on, XII. 297. 
(loop. IV. 51, 
- . - IX. 407. 
fto|\ IX. 6. 
flopped. XIIL ^76. 
ftop$. XIV. 423. 



'• — 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ix 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



flops, XV. xo6. 

ftorm of fortanek. XV. 433, 

ftovcr. III. 118. ' 

ftoop. XV. 346. 

ftraight. XV. 297. 

ftrain. III. tc8. 

. - . IV, 441. 

- . - IX. 341. 
... XV 531- 
ftrait. Vm. 182. 
ftnited. VU. 148. 
ftnnge. VI, 41c. 
VII. 484. 

- - - - XII. 240. 
XIII. CI. 

XIV. 4o^ 

ftrange beafts. VI. 160. 
ftrange Indian. XI. 191. 
ftrangely. III. ri^. 
ftrangencfs. XI. 301. 
ftrangle. IV. 157. 
ftratagem. IX. ^. 

X. 268. 

ftrawy. XI. 436. ' , 
ftridhire. IV. 203. 
ftride a limit; XIII. 113. 
ftiidcs. Vll. 409. 
ftrife. XI. 469. 
ftrikc. VIII. 242. 
ftrikc the veffds, XII. 519, 
ftrikcr. VIII. 420. 
ftrivc. VI. 225. 
ftrong. III. 158. 
Urong efcape. VII. 301. 
ftrong fakh. XI. 65. 
ftrumpeted. VII. 239, 
ftubbcd. V.ssS* 
ftuck. IV. 1 29. 

- - - XV. 293. 

ftuck with clovw. V. 358. 

ftudied. VII. 364. 

ftudy. V. 26, 

ftuC VII. 293. 

ftuff of the confcience. XV. 

397- 
ftttff tennis balls. IV, 471. 



ftttffrf.IV. 400. 

VII. 561. 

ftnfied fufficiency. VIL 61. 
fty. VI. 6. 

ftylc of god». IV. 522. 
fdbmergei. XII. 500. 
fubfcribe. IV. 263. 

- . — xrv. 35, 193. 

fabfcribes. XI. 387. 
fobfcription. XIV. 146. 
fnbftance. XI. 167. 
fubtilty. III. 148. 
fuborbs. IV. 194. 
- - - . XII. 293, 
fuccefs. VIL 41. 
• * - - IX. 169. 

XV. C29. 

facceffive. XIII, 253. 
fucc^flivdy. IX. 203. 
fuch. XIV. 23. 
ftddcn. VII. C29. 

XV.4J4. 

foe his liVcry. VIII. 55:8. 
fue my livery. VIII. 263. 
fufficitncy. IV. 180. 
Sufiblk, Pole, duke of. X. 

121. 
fugir. VHI, 443. 
fugged. III. 220. 

VI. 345. 

VIII. IOC. 

XII. 7^. 

XV. 560. 

fuggefted. V. 367. 
fuggeftion. IIL 72. 

VII. 359. 

foegeftions. V. 188. 

VI. J91. 

fnggefts. XI. 22. 
fuS. VI. 60. 
. . . XIII. 598. 

fuits. VIII, 376. 
fullen. VIII. 8. 
XV. 561. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Ixi 



foUcn belL IX. 15. 
foin. XIL 409.. 
fununer, bear out IV. 27. 
fommer feeming. VII. ^50. 
fummer fwelline. IIL 213. 
fammoocrs. XIV. 149. 
fiun|icer. XI V. 132. 
fan of York. X. 459, 
fun to fun. VIII. 305. 
fnnbonied. IV. 439. 
fttpcrfluoQS. VL 194* 
...... XIV. 203. 

fnperfUtioas. XI. io6. 
foppliancc. XV. 47. 
fopplicd. Xy. 575, s^6. 
fapply. Vm. 166. 
fappoiled. IX. 203. 
fuf^fea. VL 541. 
forccafe. VII. 387. 
fare. III. 276. 

IV. 422. 

. - . VL 17. 
. . - vm. c8o. 
fare wit. XIV. 42c* 
fonei^ned. IX. 368. 
foftaining. III. 27. 
f^ngg^T, IX. 81 • 
fwart. VIL 26i» 

- - . VIIL 70. 
fwarth. IV. 66. 

XIIL 289. 

fwalhing. VI. ^6. 
fwafhine blow. XIV. 380. 
fwath, aL 436> 61 1« 
fwaj. IV. 90. 

... IX. 151. 

Xn. 262. 

fwaying. IX. 274* 
fweariog on fword. VIL 77. 

XV. 85. 

fwcat. rv. 193. 

- - - XL 452. 
fweet. V. 337. 

fwcet month. III. 241. 
fweet Oliver. VL 108. 
fweeting. XV. 495. 



fwelL XV. cci. 
fweltered. Vfl. coi. 
fwift. IV. 467. 
V. 228. 

...VLC47. 
fwinge bncklera. IX. 122. 
Switzen. XV. 267. 
' fwoilen bagpipe. V. 502. 
fwoop. Vn. 5A2. 
fword and backler. Vm. 407. 
fword dances. XIL c62. 
fwocd hiir. XIL 394. 
fworn brother. IV. 402. 

VIIL 320, 442. 

fworn brothers. IX. 398. 
fworn coonfel. VL 304. 
fworn rioter. XL 564. 
fwonnded. XIII. 353. 
fylUble. XIIL 590. 



table. V. 433. 
VL 193. 

— vm. 62. 

tables. IX. 16c. 

XV. 81. 

tabourines. XL 398. 

XIL 612. 

ta'en order. XV. 635. 
tar. XIL 127* 
tailor. VIIL coy. 
(tailor cries. V. 38. 
tailors. VI. 516. 
taint. XIV. 24. 
tainting. XV. 4.74. 
takeahoufe. VIL 295* 
take in. VII. i6o. 
... - XIL 26, 139* 4'o» 
550. 

.... xin. 102, 160. 

take me with you. VIII. 478. 
take on. X. 288. 
take order. IV. 230. 
VIL 301. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ixii 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



take order. X. 615. 

takeout. XV. jyi. 

take feconciliation. XV«. {09. 

takefcom. VI. 13J. 

take fach order. IXk i^j* 

take the eanh, VIIL $0^ 

take the hatch. VIIL i6^^ 

take the head. VIII. tSj. 

take thoaght. XII. 286; 

take up. VL 267. 

taken with ibe mmncf. V. loj. 

VIIL 

466. 
takes. XV. 23. 
takes diet. III. 194. 
takes on. IIL 445, 459* 
taking. XIV. ico, 
Talbot, John. IX. 6344 
talent. V. 264* 
tall. IV. 14. 
. - X. 516. 
tall fellow, in. 319. 
tall man of his hands. III. 344. 

VIL19J. 

tallow keech. VIIL 461* 
ume cheater. IX. 8x. 
tame fnake. VL 139^ 
torrcVIIL 123. 

XL 272. 

...XV. i28« 
Tartar's bow. XIV« 363* 
taik. Vin. 305. 
...IX. 276, 301. 
talked. VIII. 559, 573. 
tefcing. III. 473, 
taflel gentle. XlV. 409. 
tafte your legs. IV. 102. 
tattered. VIU. 171. 
Taurus fnow. V. 98* 
tawdry lace* VIL 139* 
tawny coats. IX. 529. 
taxation. VL i8« 
tear a cat. V. 24. 
Tearlhect. IX. 68. 
teen. III. 15. 
X. 611. 



.. XIL 2 cj. 

temperance. IIL 54. 



teen. XIV. 355* 
temper. IIL 247. 
. , X. 4^5. 

1.IIL 

XII. 149. 

tempering. IX. 182, 321, 3«J» 

Temple. IX. 566. 

Un bones. X. 31. 

!en commandnKDts. X» tg» 

Tenantias. XIIL 9. 

tend. X. 14. 

XI. 301* 

tender. XV. 56. 
tent. Xn. 146. 
tercel. XI. 323. 
termagaunt. XIL axa* 
...... XV. 17k. 

terms. IV. x8i. 
teftcd. IV. 243. 
teftem'd. IIL 178. 
tetchy. X. 635. 
tedier. XV. 57. 
Tewikeftary uniftaid. IX. 98* 
tharboroueh. V. 192, 
that's o£ XIL 844 
the. VIIL 536. 
Thdan. XlV. 170* 
theme. XII. 466. 
theorick. VL 324. 

IX. 273. 

XV. 382. 

thcfc. XV. 105. 
thews. IX. i37« 
. . - xn. 267. 
... XV. 48. 
thick. XIL 456. 

Xm. 107. 

thick as tale. VII. 3541 
thick pleached. IV. 4^8% 
thick ikin. IIL 464. 
thill horfe. V. 431. 
thin helm. XIV. 25;* 
thin potations. IX. 182. 
thing of nothing. XV^ 248. 
thing of nought. V« 137* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARJAL INDEX. Ixiii 



think and dic^ XII. 570^ 
think thee. XV. ji8. 
thirborough. Vl. 388. 
thorooeh* IX. 26. 
thoQ. W. 109. 

- - - XL QC* 

XII. 188. 

though. XIV. 400. 
thought. IV. 75. 
.... VI. 134. 
.... VII. 478. 
.... XII. 606. 

- - - - XV. 279. 
thought executing. XIV. 144. 
thralonicaL V. 302. 
thread. III. 1 14. 

XIV. 88. 

thread the gates. XU. 1 19. 
diree hoopra pots* X. 139. 
three man beetle. IX. 39. 
three men fone. IV. co. 
... -. ..-^VIL 113. 
three pile. VII. 109. 
three piled* V. 339. 
three iuited. XIV. 91. 
thrift. XIIL 190. 
throes. XIL 554. 
throftle. V. 81. 

- . - - V. 410, 
dirum. in. 448. 
. . --V. 160. 
thumb ring. XIV, 372. 
thunders tone. XU. 265. 
thwart. XIV. 71. 

Tib. XIII. C67. 

lick tack. I V. 202. 

tickle. IV. 200. 

. . . X. 15. 

tickle brain. VIIL 473. . 

tickle catafb-ophe. IX. ^i, 

tickled in the fere. XV. 121. 

tide. III^ 204. 

tidy. IX. 97. 

tight. XII. 599. 

tiehtly. III. 338* 

tike, IX* 309. 



tike. XIV. 182. 
tiUv fally. IX. 81. 
tilly vally. IV. 60. 
tilth. IV. 321. 
time. XL 266. 
timdefs. VIIL 301. 

IX. 657. 

.. ..XIIL 298. 

timely parted. A. 104. 

tindlures. XIL 303% 

tire. X. 227. 

• . XHL 125. 

- - XV. 459. 

tire valiant. III. 416. 

tired. V. 260. 

. . -VILio. 

tiring. XL c68. 

'tis much. IX. 61 6. 

Titania. V. 39* 

to. XIII. cr9. 

. . XIV, 346. 

. . XV. I re. 

to her. XIII. 103. 

to that. VIL 330. 

toads, XL 303. 

toadftone. VI. 38. 

toafting iron. VIIL 148, 

toafts and butter. VlII, ^|i, 

tods. VII. 1 1 2« 

toeed. XV. 382. 

tokened. XIL c^6, 

toll. VI. 363, 

tolling. IX. 197. 

tomb of tears. XL 133. 

tomboys, XIIL 56. 

tongs. V. 120. 

too fine. VI. 371. 

too late. X. 287, JJ9. f^. 

too much. III. 80. 

too much i'the (un. }tV. 30. 

too much pBoved. XV. 1 55. 

tooth pick. VIIL 20« 



top. XIV. 3A 

top gallant, AlV. 434, 



•34- 

at, XIV. 
toplefs. XL 256. 
topple. VIL 506. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ixiv GLOSSARIAL HvTDEX. 



topple. Vin. 489. 

XIII. 497. 

XIV. 217. 

torch beaten. V. 459. 

XIV. 364. 

touch. III. 130. 

... V. 94. 

... X. 634. 

• - - XL 162* 366, 620. 

touch more rare. XIII. 17. 

touched. XI. 543. 

toacbed and tiyed. VIIL 77. 

touches. VI. 86. 

toward. XI. ^70. 

towards. XIV. 389. 

touze. VI. ^96. 

toys. X. 46c. 

- - . XIII. i6^ 

- - - XV. 70, 259. 
toze. VII. 168. 
trace, V. 32. 
Vn.515. 

- - -XI. 112. 

tradable obedience. XL $1. 
trade. XL 163. 

- • - XIIL 190. 
tradition. VIII. 280* 
traditiona]. X. 551. 
trail. III. 455. 

- - - XV. 100. 
traitrefs. VI. 200. 
trammeL VII. 387* 
trancA. V. 488. 
tsanflate. V. 17. 

XL 387. 

tranfport. IV. 342. 
tralh. ni. ic. 

XV.476. 

travcL XV. 122. 
traverie. XV, 449. 
traverfed armsTjQ. 654. 
tray trip. IV. 05. 
treachers. XIV. 43. 
treble. III. 65. 
trenched. III. 244. 

vn.47s. 



trenchers. 3HV. 378. 
Tribulation. XI. 197. 
trick. IV. 384* 

VI. 193, 

...VIIL II. 

XIV. 236. 

tricked. XV. 141. 
tricking. III. 463. 
trickfey. III. 145. 
Trigon. IX. loi. 
trim. Vm. 85. 
trip. IX. 219. 
trip and go. V. 270. 
triple. XIL 408. 
triplets. XV. 190. 
triumph. V. 6. 
.... VIIL 523. 
.... IX. 666. 
.... XII. 62J. 

- - - - xin. 450. 

triumphs. IIL 289. 

vm. 327. 

X. 403* 

trod a meafure. VL i6f. 

Trojan. V. 3C7. 

Trojans. VIIL 419. • 

trol my dames. VU. i ij. 

troll. III. 100. 

troffen. IX. 390. 

trot. IV. 299. 

trottbler of the peace. XIII. 588. 

trout tickling. IV. 82. 

trow. IV. 491. 

XIV. 58. 

trowel. VL 19. . 
truckle bed. III. 464. 
true. in. 158, 
. - .IX. 201. 
. - . XIV. ^3. 
true as fteel. XI. 131. 
true blood. VI H. 115. 
true defence. VIIL 147. 
true man. IV. 325. 

V. CIO. 

XIL 259. 

true men. VIIL 451, 465. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Ixv 



true ineii* X. 2^1 • 
true pennjr. XV. 8j. 
truer. IV. ^97, 
trull. XII. J47. 
tmiBBCii. V. 148. 

XIV, i45t, 

tfundle tail. XIV. i8^. 
tnifted homo. VII. 357. 
tmth. IV. 150. 
try condafions. V. 428. 
tub fiift. XI. 593. 
tncket. V. 533. 
tucket fonaance. IX. 42 f. 
Tador, Henr^r, carl of Rich- 
mond. X. 6^. 
togeed mil f^rtwnt, VII. 459. 
tombkrHhoojp. V. 240. 
ton of man. VIII. 477, ^ 

Tnrk Gregory. VIII. j8o. 
turkies. VQl. 416. 

XIV. iJO. 



torn. iu. 491. 
turn and tnm^ IX. 603. 
turn hi» gtfdle. IV. ^29. 
mm the tables up. XIV. 382. 
turn T»rk. IV. 490. 

XV. 198. 

turn yon to. XI F. 130. 
Tombol-ftieet. IX. 144. 
mrnineof the tide. IX. 330* 
tama. XI. 533. 
- - - Xn. i88. 
tur^veMe. V. 46*. 
twangling jack. VL 450* 
twelve fcece. VIII. 485. 
------ IX. 127. 

twimn battle. XV. 487. 
twohandtd {word. X. 4^. 
Tybcft^XIV. 419. 
tyed. XL 149. 
tjrpe. X. 24J, 640. 
tything. XI" 



5« 640. 
V. 169. 



V. 

vail. IV. $^6. 
IX. 17, 647. 

- - - XI. 444. 
..-XII. M7. 
.-.XIII. 517. 
vailed. XV. 30. 
vailin?. V. 398. 
vain. VII. 257. 

Valdcs, don Pedro. XIII. ^33. 
valenced. XV. 13 c. 
valiant ignorance. All. 192. 
validiqr. |V. 6. 

- ... VI. s66. 

- - - - XIV. 1 1, 469. 
vane. IV. aca, 466. 
Vanini, XIV. 33. 
vanity. III. 1 1 7. 

XIV.94. 

vantage. XIII. 24. 
... - XV. 213. 
vantbrace. XI. z6;. 
varler. XI. 219. 

vaft. III. $6. 
... VII. 8. 

X^io. 

vaunt. XI.. 2 17. 

vaunt couriers. XIV. 144* 

vaward. V. 1 27. 

velvet guards. VIII. 504, 

vclurc. VL ^75. 

venemous wiehts. XI. 360. 

venemouily. XIII. 4ft6. 

Venetian a^mktance. IU. 417. 

vcnew. V. ^o6* 

veneys. IIL 327. 

vengeance. VL 138. 

vent. IV. 13 c. 

Xn. 183. 

ventages. XV. 205. 
venture trade. IX. 293. 
verbaL XIU, 79. 
verbal queftiqn. XIV. 217. 



Vol. III. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ixvi GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Vere, John de, earl of Oxford. 

X. 662, 
verity. XII. 107. 
Veroncsi. XV. 45 5. 
rerfinf. V. 39. 
rcry. III. 246. 

VII. 177, 344. 

▼ery heart. XIL 61 8. 

via. III. 383. 

. . V.3,1, 

- - IX. 420. 

vice. IV. 126. 

. . - VII. 42. 

... IX. 49, 146. 44y. 

X. ^j;4, 701. 

vice of kings. XV. 231* 
vi^hiallers. IX. 107. 
vie. VI. 338, 459. 
. . XII. 663. 
. . Xni.487, 518. 
vild. III. 490. 
villain. VI. la 

vn.2i8. 

• - - - xrv. 194. 

vioewed. XL 274. 
viol. Xin. ro4. 
viol de gambo. IV. 14. 
violenteth. XI. 568. 
violet. XV. 278. 
vipers. XL 318. 
vira^. IV. 129. 
virgin cnmts. XV. 314. 
virgin knight. IV. ;46. 
virgin knot. III. 1 1 5. 

Xin. 543. 

virginaL VII. 19. 

.. XIIL560. 

virginals. XIL 209. 
vinue. VI. 188.. 

XV. 48. - . 

virtuous. V. 112. 
. - . . XL y8. 
virtuous qualitict. VI. 188. 
viiiere. VIIL 547. 
vixen. V. 109. 
tiatamenu. III. 309. 



voice. VI. 52. 
Volqueflen. VIIL 634 
voluntary. XL ^79. 
vouch. IV. 269. 
vowi of chaftity. IIL 262^ 
vulgar. IV. 105. 
. - - - XIL 74. 
vulgarly. IV. 364. 



U. 

timber. VL 35. 

. XV. 205. 

umbered. IX. 398. 
unaccuftomed. IX. r85. 

XIV. 487. 

unanded. XV. 79. 
unavoided. VIII. 242. 
----- IX. 627. 
unbaibed. XU. 144. 
unbated. XV. 291. 
unbitted lufts. XV. 445. 
» unbolt. XL 471. 
unbolted. XIV. q6. 
nnbonnetted. Xv. 401. 
unbookifli. XV. 619. 
unbraided wares. VIL 134. 
unbreathed. V. 145. 
oncape. III. 424. 
uncharged. XL 657. 
onclaw. XL 480. 
uncoined conftancy. IX. 489* 
unconfirmed. IV. 482. 
Unconftant toys. XlV. $07. 
oncontemDcd. XL no. 
nncnyfled. XIII. 1 13. 
uncurrent encounter. VII. J2.. 
under cheft. XII. 5;. 
under fiends. XIL 1160 
under generation. Iv. 343, 
under wrought. VIIL 33. 
under goes. IV. 543. 
uiideiftand. IIL 218. 

VIL 228. 

undertaker. IV. 131. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. Ixvii 



vneath, X. 67. 
unefieanal fire. XV. 80. 
ttoexpreffivt. VL 76. 
■nforniOied. V. 47;. 
Qogartered. III. 196. 
.--... VI. 99. 
nnrautared. IV. to6. 
aonacked rapier. IV. 127* 
onhaired faacinefi. VIIL 162. 
anhaxkdrooie. XV. 569. 
unhappily. XL ^;. 
nnhappiiiers. IV. 440. 

X. 472. 

unhappy. VI. 344. 

Vn. 292. 

XV. 2^9. 

onhatched pradtife. XV, 568, 
nnhoaied. XV. 402. 
onhoufclled. XV. 78* 
nnicom. XI. 617. 
• . - - XII. 205. 
nnity. XL 416* 
oniverfe. IX. 397* 
onUice. XV. 491. 
onlcia. XIL 20f • 
sninanned. XIV. 4;8« 
onmafteied. XV. 49. 
nnneceflary. XIV. 1 26* 
UQooted. XL 5^9. 
onpided. IV. 322. 
onpreenanc I V. 349. 
. . - - . . XV. 1J9. 
anproper. XV. e8o. 
unqoalitied. XII. 564* 
onqucftionable. VL 99. 
unready. iX. ^p. 
unreal nMckery. VIL 483* 
unrefpcAive. X. 614. 
unreft. XIII. 281. 
unroQgh youths. VIL 551. 
anfift^. XV. {^. 
unftfting. IV^28. 
unfmirched. XV. 270. 
nnrquarcd. XL 257. 
nnftate. XIV. 
ofrfbuinched, 



V.39. 

1. la 8. 



ontempering. IX. 491. 
nntented. XIV. 73, 
untraded. XL 391. 
unvalued. X. co9. 
unwetghing.lV. 305. 
unyoke. XV. 301. 
upon. JV. 507. 
upon command. VL 64* 
upright. XIV. 228. 
upfpring. XV. 6o« 
urcnin. III. 461. 
urchins. III. 36. 

XIIL 291. 

XV. 74- 

urge. XIV. 339. 

UriWick, fir Chriftopher. X. 

658. 
ufage. XV. 619. 
nfc. IV. 185, 437- 

.-XL 13^*77- 
. - XIL 436. 
ufe and ufance. V. 41 8« 
ufed. XL 109. 
uferen' chain. IV. 432. 
Utis. IX. 75. 
utter. VIL 144. 
utterance. XIU. ioi« 



W. 

wafts. VIL 238. 
wage. XII. 230, 649. 
. . . XIV. 131. 

XV. 413. 

wageagainft. XIV. 17. 
wages. XlIL ^33* 
wMft. in. 26. 

XV. 42. 

wake your patience. IV. 527. 
walk. III. 482. 
waned. XIL 458. 
wann;d. XV. 147. 
wannion. XIIL 440* 
wanton. XV. 3+9; 
wanton dulnefs. XV. 441. 

€ 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ixviii GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



wapDcned. XI. $S6« 
wara. III. 49. 387* 
VI. 18^. 

- - - XI. 241. 
warden pics. VII, 1 1.5, 
warder. VII. 397, 

VIII. an. 

warn. X. 4^8. 

- - - XII. 37^- 
warped. VI^2, 
wardrobes. XIIL it2. 
wafhing at meals. VI. 499. 
waffcl. VII. 396. 

- - - XII. 449. 
... XV. 60. 
waiTel candel. IX. 34. 
waflcls. y» 333. 
wafte. XV. 611. 
waftefull. XI. 524. 
watch. Vin. 342. 

X. 668. 

watch cafe. IX. t ii* 
watch him tame. XV. 508. 
watched. XI. 322. 
watches. IV. 85. 

water. X. 12 c. 
water fly. XV. 330. 
water work. IX. 57. 
watrymoon. X. 534, 
wax. rV. 88. 
-- -V. 312- 
wax, writing on. Xf. 470- 
waxen. V. 39. 

VIII. 209. 

. - .-IX. 295. 
wt2k lift. IX. 493. 
weaken motion. XV. 407. 
wealth. V. 540. 
weather bitten. VII. 1 89. 
weavers, pfalm- fingers. VIII. 

4J£- 
weazcl. XV. 207. 
web and pin. XIV. i66« 
wed. XIII. 7. 
wedding knives. XIV. J13. 
wee. 111. 3^3* 



weed. XIII. C22. 
week, by. \\ 3*5. 
ween. XI. 171. 
weigh. VI. 290. 

- - -- XI. 170. 
weigh out. Xl. 104. 
weighed. III. 58. 
weird Mers. VII. 347. 
welkin. V. 229. 
welkin eye. VII. 21. 
welkin roar. IX. 91. 
well. VII. 17 c. 

well advifed. V. 341. 
well a near. XIII. 483. 
well appointed. IX. 151,347. 
wrfl found. VI. 240. 
well likii\g. V. 327. 
well proportioned. X. 105. 
well reputed. XII. 294. 
well faid. XIII. 504. 
well {hot. X. ±66. 
well flruck. A. 466* 
Welfti hook. VIII, 468. 
wench. XV. 652. 
wend. IV. 346. 

VII. 217. 

Weftward Hoc. IV. 106. 
wether. VI. 80. 
whalelbone. V. 33^* 
what though. VI. i c6. 
wheel. XV. 273, 
whelk ed. XIV. 231. 
whelks and knobs. iX. 3^3* 
when. III. 11^3, 

- - - XII. 272. 
when! VIII, 198. 
whc'r. in. 147. 

. - - VII. 3s6. 

VIIJ. I,, 39. 

. - . XII. 244. 
where. III. 228. 

V. 214, 496. 

IX. 646. 

- - - - X. 116. 

XII. 10, 58. 

XIII. 409, 418. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Ixijc 



wbere. XIV. 58^ 
whereas. X. i^ 
whey face V^. f 5J. 
which. XL CI I. 

XIV. 67. 

whifHer. IX. 47^. 

XV. J43. 

whiles. IV. 150. 
whipping cheer. IX. 2j$. 
wfa^ook.XIU.456. 
birring. XIII. 523. 
whift. IIL4W 
whiftlc. XV. eji. 
white bofom. XV. io;« 
white death. VL a5& 
white ewe. XV. j8q. 
white faemog. XlV. 179. 
white liveied. X. 6^$, 
whidng time. HI. 42 1. 
wUtftm. Ill, 414. 
whittle. XI. 646. 
whotefbme. III. 487. 

XIL 96. 

whooping. VI. 86. 

whofe every. XII. 41!^. 

wicked. III. 36. 

wide. IV. 499; 

. - - XL 316. 

wild. Xn. 680. 

wild goofe chafe* XIV. 427. 

wildemeis. IV. 287. 

wildly. VIIL 132. 

will. XV. 213, J3©. 

Wilnecotte. VI. 405. 

- . IX. 232. 

wimpled. V. 237* 
Wiacheftcrgoofe. iX. 532* 

, XL 451. 

wind. VI. 110. 
wind rows. XIL 425. 
windmill. IX. 134. 
windows of the eaft. XIV. $$^» 
wine, coftom of fending. III. 

382, 
wink. IJL 68. 

...vn.35- 



winking gates. VSL 44. 
winnowed. XV. 54*. 
winter groiwd. XIIL 169. 
wis. V. 4r9. 

wife gentleman. IV, jja 
wife woman. IIL 4160. 
wilh. IV. 462. 

- - - VI. 4,7. 

- - - XV. 414. 
wifhcd. XI. 6%S. 
wifp. X. 230. 
wit. V. 424. 

- . XIL 341. 

- . XUL 554. 

- . XV. 132; 

wit and will. XI. 24 u 
wit, whither wilt. VL 131. 
witch. VIIL 548. 

- - - X. 100. 
with. V. 426. 
withm him. Vlt 295.. 
wittol. III. 389. 
witty. X. 231, 61 f. 
woe. III. 149. 

woe begone. IX. 15. 

wolds. XIV. 167. 

woman of the world, VL i^f. 

woman's faalt. VIJI. S^h 

wondered. IIL 125. 

wood. III. 203. 

. - . V. 58. 

IX. 636. 

woodbine. V. 12a. 
woodcock. IV. 530. 
woodden pricks. XIV. 109. 
woodden thing. IX. 650. 
woodman. 1^.483. 

IV. 347- 

XIIL 14Z. 

wooed. X. C09. 
woolvifh. XlL 99. 
wool Ward. V. 361. 
word. X. 557. 

XV. 82, 268. 

words. X. 391, 
work. XL 194. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ixx GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



working day. IX« 458. 
workiDgs. IX« 168. 
world to fee. IV. 494. 

---- v-^«9- 

worm. IV. 274, 

. . . XU. 675. 

worms. XIII. 120. 

wormy beds. V. ii5. 

worn. IV. 70. 

worfe befted. X. 61 • 

worihip. XII. 63 1. 

wortb. rV. 113. 

. . - Vn. 18c. 

worth the whiftfe. XIV. 207. 

worts. IIL 5i(» 

wot. III. 378. 

wreak. XII. 175. 

Xm. 558. 

wren. IV. 1 1 1. 
wretVIIl. 128. 

XI. 338. 

wrefied pomp. VJIL 150. 
wretch. A V. 512. 
wretched. X. 545. 
wring. IIL 20. 
writ. Xin, 435. 
-.. XV. 133. 
write againil. IV. 494. 
write down. III. 1 84. 
writhled. IX. 558. 
wrong. VI. 441. 
wrongs« III. 452. 
• . - - X. 66i. 
wroth. V. 459. 



wrought, vn. 199. 
wrung. XIII. 338. 
wrying.XIIL i88k 



Y. 

yarc. IV.J26. 
yardy. III. 5. 
XII. 484, 551, 584. 

a.. 



yearn, xa. 430. 
ye3d yoo. Ail. 51 



. XHL cii. 

B. XII. 594. 

yellow ftockings. IV. 92 



yeoman. IX. 48. 

yeoman fenrice. XV, 326* 

yeck. 1X^459. 

yefty, VII. 50J. 

York, Cicely* dachefs of. X.' 

Yoik, Richard, dnkeof. X. 14. 
yoang. XIV. 336. 
young men. XIV. 347. 
younker. VIIL 526. 
your. IX. 288. 
yoxen. V. 38. 



Z. 



zany. V. 



zany. V. 342. 
zealous. VIII. c& 
zed. XIV. 95. 



The preceding Index is compiled on the fame plan as that fob- 
joined to Dodiley's Colkaion of Oki Plays publiOied in the year 
1780. RxiD. 



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TEMPEST* 



Vol. III. S 



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• Tempbst.] Tie Tempefl and The Midfummer Night's Dreem 
are the nobleft efibrts of that fttblime and amazing imagina- 
tion peculiar to Shakfpeaie^ which foars above the bounds 
of nature without forfaking fenfe; or« more prq)erly, carries 
nature along with him beyond her eftablifhed limits. Fletcher 
feems particularly to have admired thefe two plays, and hath 
wrote two in imitation of them. The Sea Voyage and The 
Faithful Shefherde/s, But when he prefumes to break a lance 
with Shakfpeare, and write in emulation of him, as he does 
in The Falfe One, which is the rival of AMtoftjf and Cleopatra, 
he is not . fo fuccefsful. After him. Sir John Suckling and 
Milton catched the brighteft fire of their imagination from thefe 
two plays ; which fhines fantaftically indeed in The Goblins, but 
much more nobly and ferenely in The Majk at Ludhw Caftle. 

Warburton. 

No one has- hitherto been luai^ enough to difcover the io« 
ittanco on which Shakipeare may be fuppofed to^ have founded 
this play« the beauties of which could not fecure it from die cri< 
ticifm of Ben Jonfon, whofe malignity appears to have been 
more than equaJ to his wit. In the indumon to Barthokmewtr 
Fair, he fays : *' If there be never a fervani monfter in the 
** fair, who can help it, he fays, nor a neft of amifttes ^ He is 
** loth to make nature afraid in his plays, like thofe that beget 
«« Tales, Temfefis, and fuch like drolleries." Ste evens. 

I was informed by die late Mr. Collins of Chichefter, that 
Shakfpeare's Tempefi, for which no origin is yet afligned, was 
formed on a romance called Aurelio and Ifabella, print^ in lu- 
tbm, Spanifh, French, and Englifh, in i j88. But though this 
information has not proved true on examination, an uieful con- 
elufion may be drawn from it„ that Shakfpeare's ftory is fome- 
where to be found in an Italian novel, at leaft that the ftory pre- 
ceded Shakfpeare. Mr. Collins had fearched this fubjedl with 
no lefs fidelity than judgement and induilry ; but his memory 
failing in his laft calamitous indifpofition, he probably gafve me 
the name of one novel for another. ^ I remember he added a cir- 
cumftance, which may lead to a difco very,--*- that the principal 
charafler of the romance, anfwering to Shaki^re's Profpero» 
was a chemical necromancer, who luid bound a fpirit like Ariel 
to obey his call, and perform his fervices. It was a commoa 
pretence of dealers in the occult fdences to have a demon at com* 



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siuid. At Jeaft Aurello, or Orelio^ was probably one of the 
names of this tomaoaoe, the vroda^ion and miildf)licity of gold 
being the grand objed of alcnemy. Taken at lar^e, die magical 
part of the Tempefi is founded on that fort of philofophy miich 
was pradifed by John Dee alid his atb^tes^ and has bdeft called 
the Roficrucian. The name Arid came from, the Talmodiftick; 
myfieries with which the leameid Jews had infedled this Science* 

T, Warton. 

Mr. Thaobald tells us, that Tht Tempefi mtifE have been writ* 
ten after 1609, becatife the den^uda iflands. Which art men- 
tionod In it* were unknown to the En^ilh until that yeair ; but 
this is a miftake. He might have feen m Hackluyt» i (oOj folio, 
a defcription of Bermuda, by Henry May, who Was (hipwrecked 
there in i C93. 

It was however one of our amliof's latf worka. In 1^98 he 
played a part in the original En^ Mem Uk his HMmmr^ Two of 
the chara&ers are Froffero and Steppam. Here Ben Joiifon taught 
him the pronunciation of the latter word. Which Is always right 
in The Tempefi. 

" Is not this Stephauo^ mv drunken butler?" 
And always tvrottg ia his earner play, TheMertkmt ^f Venke^ 
which had been on the (lage at leaft two or three yean before its 
paUication in 1 6oo. 

<' My friend Suphhto^ fignify I pray you," &c« 

S o little did Mr. Capell know of his author. When he 
idly fuppofed his fchool literature might perhaps have be^n loft 
by the diffipaikH of ymth^ or the hu^jijcene of publick life! 

This'i>lay muft have been written befble 1614, Whenjonfon 
fneers at it m his Bartholomew Fair. In th^ latter plays of Shak« 
Ipcare, he has lefs of pun and quibble than in his early ones. In 
The Mirchami ofVenke^ he exprefbly declaies agilintf them. This 
perhaps might be one criterion to difcovcr the dates of his plays. ' 

Blackstons* 

See Mr. Malone's mumpt H afierUOm tkf order of Shak/peart't 
flaj^s, and a Note OiLThe cUnd^capt Towers, &c. Ad IV. 

Stssvens, 



B 2 



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Persons reprefented.* 

Alonfo, king of Naples. 

Sebaftian, bis brother. 

Profpero, the rightful duke of Milan. 

AntoniOj his brother, the ufurping duke of Milan. 

Ferdinand, fon to the king of Naples. 

Gonzalo, an honeji old counfellor of Naples. 

Adrian, i , , 

Caliban, a favage and deformed Jlave* 
Trinculo, ajefter. 
. Stephano, a drunken hitler. 

Majler ofajbip, Boatfwain, and Mariners. 

Miranda, daughter to Profpero. 

Ariel, an aityfpirit. 

Iris, 

Ceres, 

Juno, y fpirits. 

Nymphs, 

Reapers^ 

Other fpirits attending on Profpero. 

SCENE, the fea, with a fbip\ afterwards an 
uninhabited ijland. 

* This enumeration of pcrfons is taken from the folio 1623* 

Steevens. 



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T EM P E S T. 

ACT L SCENE L 

On a Ship at Sea^ 

A. Storm with Thunder and Lightnings 

Enter a Ship-mafter and a Boatfwain. 

Master* Boatfwain/ — 
Boats* Here, mafter : What cheer ? . 
Mast. Good : Speak to the mariners : fall to't 
yarely,* or we run ourfelves aground : beftir, beftir. 

[Exit. 
Enter Mstriners. 

Boats* Heigh, my hearts; cheerly, cheerly, my 
hearts; yare, yare: Take in the top-fail; Tend to 



* Boat/ivam,'] In this nax-al dialogue^ perhaps the firft example 
of Tailor's language exhibited on the ibj^e, there are, as I have 
been told by a (kilfiil navigator^ fome inaccuracies and contra* 
di^ory orders. Johnson* 

The foicffoing obfervation is founded on a miilake. Theie 
orders fhould be confidered as given, not at once, but fucceflively, 
as the emergency required. One attempt to fave the (hip failings 
another is tned. Malonb. 

* — A-y2i^ /tf*/ yarely,] i. c. Readily, nimbly. Our author 
it frequent in his ufe of this word. So in Decker's Satlromafiix : 

** They'll make his nrnfe as j^are as a tumbler." Stbevens. v 
. Here it u applied as a fea-term, and in other parts of the 
Icene. So he ufcs the adjective, A^ V. fc. v : " Our (hip is 
liriit zndjtare.** And in one- of the Henries: ** yare are our 
Ihips." To this day the fatlors fay, « fit ^a ir to the helm.": 
Again, in Antony and Cleopatra^ Aft 11. fc. iii : ♦* The tackles 
jartly frame the office." T. WARTONk 

B 3 



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6 TEMPEST. 

the maftcr*$ whiftlc— . Blow, till thou burft thy 
wind/ if room enough! 

Enter AtoNso, Sebastian, Antonio, Ferdi- 
NANp, Qq^xalo, md dithers. 

Alon. Good boatfwain, have care, Where's 
the maftcr? Play the men.* 

Boats. I pray now, keep below. 

ANt. Where is the mafter, boatfwain? 

Boats. Dq ypu npt hear him? You x^f our Ia« 
bour; Keep your cabins: you do affift the ftorm.* 

GoN. Nay, good, be patient. 

Boats. When the Tea is^ Hence! What care 
thefe roarers for the name 6f king? To cabin: fi- 
lence : trouble U3 WC. 



^ BlonVf tilltbou hurfi 1% tvM^ &C.1 Fcrhaps it might l)C read 
Blon» till thou burft ^ tvind^ if rwm enough. Johnson. 

^Perhaps rithQ f »■■■ ■■ Uiu» tiU thou hutf t)iee, 'wini! jT room 
m^^* Beaumont mid HVptfef have copied chit p^age u^ T^ 
rilgrim: 

'* BlotVt hlonu wfl tviud, 

y Blo^ till thm river 
Agtin> in Feridet Frince rfTyft^ 1609 : 

" ift Sailor. Blow* and ftbt. t^/r 
Again, in K, Lear: 

" Blow winds* and hrfiyoar chedcs !'^ 
The aUafion in thcfe pafla|;es, as Mr. M. Mafon oblerves, is to 
the manner in which the winds were reprefented in ancient prints 
and pii^nres. Steevbns. 
^ Fbdlf the xwt.] i. e. aft wkh ^irit* behave like men. 
So in K. Henry Vt. P. 1. fc. vi ; 

** When they fcall hear how we have flafd the men!* 
Again* in \h2s\om€%Tamhierlaine^ '59^> p. 2: 
«• Vioopoya and peers of Tuitey, flay the nun:* "to ^, h»i^ U\ 

Hied. V« V» P9. STBCVBNt. 

Again* in Scripture* 2 Sam. x. 12: '* Be of good courage, 
and let os/^ the men for oor people," Malonb. 
• _*w?^ theftorm.'\ So in Pericles: 

•* Patience* good Sir; do not a^fl the florm:* Stebvins, 



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TEMPEST* 7 

Gojir. €k>od^ y^ remember whom thou haft 
aboard. 

Boats. None that I more love thafi myfelf. You 
are a counfellor; if yon can command thefe ele- 
ments to filence, Jlnd work the peace of the prc- 
fent/ we will not hand a rope more^ ufe vour 
authority. If you cannot^ give thanks you have 
liv*d fo long, and makeyourfelf ready in your 
cabin for themifchanceof the hour, if it fo hap.— » 
Cheerly, good hearts — Out of our way, I fay. 

[Ekit. 

« GoN. I have great eotafort from thift fellows 
methinks, he hath no drowning mark upon himi 
his complexion is perfe& gallows. 8tand faft, 
good £ite, to his hinging ! i^iake the rc^^ of his 
deftiny our cable, for our own doth little advantage ! 
If he be not born to be hang'd, our cafe is mifcr- 
iblc. lEx^hnt. 

Rh^enter Boatfwain. 

Boats. Down with the top-maft; yare; lower, 
lower; bring her to try with main-courfe.* [-^^^ 
within.'] A plague upon this howling! they ard 
louder than the weather, or our office. — 



^ ^r^-^tftie pftfem,'] i. e. f/'the I^Subt infUmt. 
So in the ijth CliApter of the ift fipiftfe to the CorinthuftMf 
** — of whom the gretter psit rtmain uoto this fr^tJ^ , 

Stbevsks. 

' Gdmdb.] It nii^ be ob&rred of Oomdo, ditt, beo^ the 
only good man that appears with the king, he is the onlf man 
dnt mfervcs his cheo/nilaeit in the wreclc» and his hc^ on the 
iiland. Johnson. 

»— ^rrVf^ herHXTf with mrin-Conrfc,] Probably from Hackkijrt's 
Vtyajes, 1598: *• And when the baikc had way, we tut the 
haoicr, and fo gate the fea to our friend, and Med ^m all that day 
nuitb Mr maim furfet* Ma lone. 

B4 



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s tempest; 

/?^*-^»/^r SebastiaK, Antokio, and Gonzalo. 

Yet again? what do you here? Shall we give o'er, 
and drown? Have you a mind to fink? 

Seb. a pox o* your throat ! you bawling, blaf- 
phemous, incharitable dog ! 

Boats, Work you, then, 

jInt, Hangi cur, hang ! you whorefon, infolent 
noife-maker, we are lefs afraid to be drown'd thaa 
thou art. 

GoN, ril warrant him from drowning ; though 
;he fhip were no Wronger than a nut-fliell, and as 
Jeaky as an unftanch*d wench/ 

. Boats. Lay hera-«hold, a*hold;' fct her two 
courfes; off to fea again/ lay her off. 

Enter Mariners wet. 

Mar* All loft! to prayers, to prayers! all loft I 

TExeunt. 
Boats. What, muft our mouths be cola? 

GoN. The king and prince . at prayers ! let us 
affift them. 
For our cafe is as theirs. 



« i«-» an ttij^mr^V wench.] UnJUmcb'd, lam willing to believe^ 
neans incontinent. Stbbvbns. 

' I^ her a*holdt a'bdUi] To laj a JBif a^ld, is to bring her 
to lie as near the wind as (he can, in order to keep clear of the land» 
and get her out to fea« Stbbvbns. 

• ♦■ -/ft ber tiw9 coarfes; «# to fta afain^ The courfes are 
die main fail and fore fail. This txxisi is nfed by Raleigh, in his 



Diftomft m Shipfmg. Johnson. 

The paflage, as \Ax Holt has obferved, (hould be pointtad* 
8tt her fwo amr/es; off^ Sec* 

Soch another exprdfion occurs in Decker's I/ihit be not a good 
flay^ tbe Dentil is im it^ 1612 : 

** off with your Drabkrs and your Banners; out 'with 

jmtnmrjet.'' Stbbvbns. 



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TEMPEST. ^ 

Seb. I am out of patience. 

Ant. Wc arc merely ^ cheated of our lives by 

drunkards. — 
Thiswide-chopp'd rafcal; — 'Would, thou might'ft 

lie drowning. 
The walhing of ten tides! 

GoN. He'll be hang'd yet; 

Though every drop of water fwear againil it. 
And gape at wid'ft to glut him.* 

[A confufei noife within J] Mercy on us ! — We fplit, 

we fplit!^ — Farewell, my wife and children! — 

Farewell, brother ! ^ — We fplit, we fplit, we fplit ! — 

Ant. Let's all fink with the king. \^ExiU 

• * mfrely ] In this place figniiies abjolutjy. In whlcb 

lenfe it h ufed in Hamlet ^ k^ L fc. iii : 

« Things rank and grofs in nature 

" Poffcfe it wrrr^.". 
^Again, in Ben Jonfon's Toetafier: 

** ——at requeil 

** Of ibme mere friends, fome honourable Romans.*' 

Steevbns. 

• *-/fl glut hmS\ Shakfpeare probably wrote, fenglut him^ 

tofvxdhw him \ for which I know not that glut is ever ufed by 
him. In this figniiication englut^ from englmair, French, oc* 
curs frequently, as in Henry VI: 

«« Thou art fo near the gulf 

•• Thou needs muft be englutted:* 
♦And again, in Timm and Othello. . Yet Milton wiitti glutted ofal 
foT/tvallotved, and therefore perhaps the prefcnt text mav ilan({. 

JOHNSOW. 

• Thus in Sir A. Goigcs's tranilation of Lucan, B. VI : 
<♦ ■■ oylie fragments fcarccly burn'd, 

•• Together fhe dodi fcrape and glut." 

L e. fwallow. Steevbns. 

^ Mercy' on its, &c. Farewell, brother! &c.] All thefe lines 

hare been hithcirto eiven to Gonzalo, who has no brother in the (hip. 
It is probable that the lines fucceeding the confufed mife 'within fhould 
be confidered as fpoken by no determinate cha^adlers. Johnson. 

The hint ibr this ftage dire^on, &c. might have been received 
£on a paflage in the .fecond book of Sidney's Anadia, where 



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lo T E M P E S T. 

Sbb. Let's take leave of him. f iSW/. 

Gov.. Now would I give a thoufand fiirlongs of 
fea for an acre of barren ground ; long heath, 
brown furze,* any thing; The wills above be done I 
but I would fain die a dry death. [£^/V. 

SCENE IL 

The (/land: before the cell of Profpera. 

Enter Pro^spero and Miranda. 

MiRA. If by your art, my dearcft father, you have 
Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them : 
The Iky, it feems, would pour down ilinking pitch. 
But that the fea,' mounting to the welkin's cheek, 
Dalhes the fire out. O^ I have fuffer'd 
With thofe that I faw fulFcr! a brave veflel. 
Who had no doubt fome noble creatures* in her, 

the (hipwreck of Pyrocles is defcnbed^ wi|h tbis ooacluttig cir* 
cuidia^ce: ** But a monflrous cry, begotten of many roaring 
voyces, was able to infe^ with feare," Uz^ Stbbve^Ss 

^ • An acre of barren ground; long heath, brown furzf^ Ac.] 
Sir T. Hanmer reads ling, heath, broom, furze,— Pemaps riefatl}r, 
though he has been charged with tautology. I &ui in Harrir 
fon's defcription of Britain, . prefixed to our anthor's good friend 
HoUnfhed, p. 91 : '* Brome^ betb, Jirw, brakes, whinnss, Img^' Sec. 

Faembr. 
Mr. Tollpt has fufficiently vindicated Sir Thomas Hanmer from 
the charge of tautology, bv favouring me with fpecimens of three 
different kinds of heath which j^row in his ownr neighbourhood. 
I would gladly have inferted his obfervations at length ; but, to 
fay the truth, our author, like one of Cato's foldiers who was 
bit by a ferpent, 

If/e latet penitus congefto corfore mer/us* Stsb V ens, 
• But that thefea^ &c.] So, in King Lear: 

** The fea in fuch a dorm as nis bare head 

" In hcll-black night endur'd, would have buoy 'd np^ 

*' And querich'd the ftelled fires." Ma lone. 

•crwtKre$ in ber,\ The old copy reAds-^-ciealuge; bat 



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% 



TEMPEST. II 

Daih'd all to pieces. O, the crjr did knock 
Againil my very heart! Poor ibuls! they periih'd. 
Had I been any gpd of power, I would 
Have funk the fea within tl>c earth, or e'er » 
It (hould the good (hip fo have fwallow'd, and 
The freighting fouls within her. 

FkQ. BecoUeded; 

No more amazement: tell your piteous heart. 
There's no harm done. 

MiRA. O, woe the day ! 

Pao. No harm.* 

I have done nothing but in care of thee, 
(Of thee, my dear one ! thee, my daughter!) who 
Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing 
Of whence I am ; nor that I am more better* 

die preco^q;. m well as fabfeonc nt words of Miraoda ieeoi to 
tendd die emeodadon which I have received from Theobald. 

Stiktevs. 

3 —«'./«• ] i. c. hefin* So, in EcdefiaJUt^ xiL 6: 

•* Or eun ^ fiiver cord be loofed, or the golden bowl be 
frrftlcm — — '* Again, in owr anthpr's Cymbehae: 
** ■ or eW I conid 

«• Give him that parting kifs— — .'* Stbevews. 
^ Fra. NQhanu] I know not whetbex Shakfpeaiie did not mate 
Miranda (peak thus: 

O, m»i tbe day I M harm? 
To which Profpero properly anfwers : 

/ have dime nothing, hut in care of thee. 
Miranda, whenfhe ipeaks the words, O, nuoe the day ! fuppofes, not 
that Ae crew had efcapcd, bat that her father thought dHfcr- 
cndy from her, and counted their deftradion no harm. Johnson. 
s «««.-. nmi Art/rr-^— 1 This ungiammatical expreffion is very 
fieqocnt among our oldeft writers. So, in the Hifi(^ of HeJyas 
Ksdgbtof the S^wan, bL L no date: imprinted by JViliiam Co/dand. 
•* And alfo the morefooner to come, without prolixity, to the true 
Chronicles,'* te. Again, in the True Tragedki rf Marims and 
Seiila, tC94: 

« Td wait a mcffage of mon better worth.'* 
Again, ibid: 
^ That ^eo^tmmirfOUrtMA CaffimdM now." STii¥Biri. 



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la tempest; 

Than Profpero, mafter of a full poor cell/ 
And thy no greater father. 

Mir J. More to know 

Did never meddle with my thoughts.^ 

Pro. 'Tis time 

I ihould inform thee further. Lend thy hand. 
And pluck my magick garment from me.—- So; 

\Lays down bis mantle. 
Lie there my art.' — Wipe thou thine eycs; have 

comfort. 
The direful fpedacle of the wreck, which touched 
The very virtue of compaffion' in thee, 
I have with fuch provifion in mine art 
So fafely order'd, that there is no foul — * 

® — -/a///a?r cell^'] i. c. a cell in a great deeree of poverty. 
So ixiAftiotty and CUofatra : ■ " I am fiul firry^*^ 

Stbev£N8» 

^ Bid never meddle 'with my thoughts^ L e. mix with them. To 
^neddh is often ufed, with this fenite, by Chaucer, Hence the fbb« 
ibintiye medley* The modem and familiar phrafe by which that 
of Miranda may be explained^ is— nen)er entered myibwgb u 
never came into my head* Stekvews. 

It fhOuld rather mean to interfere^ to trouble^ to hufy itfelf^ as ftill 
lifed in the North, e, g. DontmeddU tmth me ; i. e. Let me alone ]; 
Don't moled me. Ritson. 

Sec Howell's DiB. 1660, in v. to meddle; •« fex«c/^rde." 

Malonb. 

' Lye there mf art,] Sir W. Cecil, lord Burleigh, lord high 
treafurcr, &c. m the reien of queen Elizabeth, when he put off 
his gown at night, ufed to fay. Lie there, lord trea/urer* Ful- 
ler's Holy State, p. 257. Steevens. 

9 virtue 0/ compaJJion'-~-'~''\ Virtue; the moft efficaciooa 

part, the energetic quality ; in a like fcnfc we fay, The virtue of 
a plant u in the extract. Johnson. 

* _ that there is no foul J Thus the old editions read{ 

but this is apparently dcfeftive. Mr. Rowe, and after hii|i Dr, 
Warburton, read that there is no foul loft, without any notice of 
the variation. Mr. Theobald fubftitutes no foil, ■ and Mr. Pope 
follows him. To come fo i^car the right, ^d ytt to mifs^ it, is 



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TEMPEST. 13 

No, not fo much perdition as an hair. 

Betid to any creature in the vcfleP » 

Which thou heard'ft cry, which thou faw*ft fink. 

Sit down ; 
For thou muft now know further, 

MiKA. You have often 

Begun to tell me what I am ; but ftopp'd 
And left me to a bootlefs inquifition; 
Concluding, Stay, not yet. — 

Pro. The hour's now come ; 

The very minute bids thee ope thine car; 
Obey, and be attentive. Can'ft thou remember 
A time before we came unto this cell ? 
I do not think thou can'ft; for then thou waft not 
Out three years old.^ 

MiRA. Certainly, fir, I can. 

Qnlucky : the author probably wrote no /oil, no ftain, no Ipot : for 
fo Ariel tells, 

Ifot ahavrperifi^d; 

On their fuftaininw garments not a blemj/h, 
Bntfrefier than hefire* 
And Gonzalo, fhe rarity of it is, that our garments Being drench'd 
in the Jea, keep notnvithftanding their frtflmejs andgloffes. Of this 
emendation I find that the author of notes on ne Temfeft had a. 
glimpfe, but could not keep it. Johnson* 

•— no foul — ] Such interruptions are not uncommon to Shak» 
fpeare. He fometimes begins a fentence, and before he concludes 
It, entirely changes its conilru^on, becaufe another, more for- 
cible, occurs. As this change frequently happens in converfation, 
it may be iiiffered to pafs uncenfured in the language of the ftage. 

Stsevens. 
' — notfi much perdition as an hair, 
Bttid to any creature in the tfeffei ■ ] Had Shakfpeare in hft 
mind St. Paul's coniblatory fpeech to the ihip's company, where 
he afTures them that though they were to fuffer fhipwreck ** not am 
hair Jbonld fall from the head of any of them?" Afts, xxvii. 34. 
Ariel a£cerwards fays, *^ Not ahaM perifi'd.'' Holt White. 

* Out three years old.] L e. Quite three years old, three year* 
old fulUout, complete. 
So, in the 4th a^ : '* And be a boy right 00//' Stbeyens. 



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14 TEMPfiST. 

Pro. By what? by any other houfe^ or perfoa f 
Of any thing the image tell me, that 
Hath kept with thy remembrance. 

MiRA. 'Tis far off; 

And rather like a dream, than an afTurance 
That my remembrance warrants : Had I not 
Four or five women once, that tended me? 

Pro. Thou had*ft, and more, Miranda: But 
how is it. 
That this liyes in thy mind? What feed thou elfc 
In the dark backward and abyfm of time?* 
If thou remember'ft aught, ere thou cam'ft here. 
How thou cam*ft here, thou may*ft. 

Mir A. But that I do not. 

Pro. Twelve years fince, Miranda, twelve years 
fincc,* 
Thy father was the duke of Milan, and 
A prince of power. 

MiRA. Sir, are nxyt you my father? 

Pro. Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and 
She faid — thou waft my daughter; and thy father 
Was duke of Milan ; Und his only heir 
A princefs J— no worfe iffucd.* 

* — ^ ahfm of time ?] i. e. abyls. 

Thi& method of fpelline the word* is common to other atacient 
writers. They took it trom the French aby/me, novr written 
^hime^ So, in Heywood's^wewr ^^^, 1613: 

** And chafe him from the deep abyfms belowl'* St b ev b ni* 

' Twelve yczTsJince, Miranda, tnothue jtBSs£na,'} Teart^ ia 
the firft inftahce, is ufed m a diflyllable* in the iecond n a iliono- 
fyllable. But this, I beUere, is a licence pecoHar to the profody 

(^ Shalcfpeare. Stebvbns. 

* A prmcejs ; no nmrfe iflaed.] The dd copy read s 

*• And friftcefs.*' For the trivial change in the text I Jtoi anfwer^ 
able. tffiied\& defcended. So, in Greene's Cardtf Fatty, 160S : 

" Forlamby birthagentleman, and^^r/oiffuch patents/* 
Arc. Stbevens. 



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TEMPEST. ij 

MiRA. O the heavens \ 

What foul play had we, that we came from thence ? 
Or blefled was't, we did? 

Pro. Both» both, my girl: 

By foul play, as thoufay'ft, wereweheav*c} thence i 
But bleffedly holp hither. 

MiJtA. O, my heart bleeds 

To think o* the tttn'^ that I have turn'd you to^ 
Which is from my remembrance ! Pleafe you, 
further. 

Pro. My brother, and thy uncle, call*d An- 
tonio,—- 
I pray thee, mark me,, — ^that a brother fhould 
Be fo perfidious ! — ^he whom, next thyfelf. 
Of all the world I lov*d, and to him put 
The manage of my ftate; as, at that time. 
Through all the figniories it was the firfl:. 
And Profpero the prime duke; being fo reputed 
In dignity, and, for the liberal arts. 
Without a parallel; thofe being all my (hidy. 
The government I caft upcm my brother. 
And to my ftate grew ftranger, being tranfported. 
And rapt in fecret ftudies. Thy falfe uncle—* 
D(^ thou attend me? 

MiRA. Sir, m<rfl: heedfuUy. 

Pro. Being once perfected how to grant fuits. 
How to deny them ; wlu>m to advance, and whom ^ 
To trafli for over-topping;' new created 

* — '/Mv— ]i8 forrovr, gri^f« trouble. So» in Rameo and Jmhft : 
^ to my temht it ^oken^** Stietbns. 

' .-whom m eivimce, tfiri/ whom— ] The old copy has ijoba in 
both places* ConrcAed by the editor of the fecona folio. 

MAtONE* 

' To tr^fif€rm>er-t9pfirtf;'] TV trajh^ as Dr. WarburtonobferveSs 
ii to cot away the fupcxfluitics* This word I have met with ia 



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i6 TEMPEST, 

The creatures that were mine; I fay^ or chang'd 
them. 



books containing diredions for gardeners, publifhed in die time 
of queen Elizabeth. 

The prefent explanation may be countenanced by the following 
paflase in Warner's Alhkm^s England^ i6o2» ^. X. ck 57: 

** who fuffreth none by might, by wealth or blood to overtoppt 

'* Himfelf gives all preferment, and whom lifieth him doth^/.'* 
Again in our author's a. Richard II : 

*« Go thou, and, like an executioner, 

'* Cut off the heads of too-faft-growing fprays 

" That look too lofty in our commonwealth." 

Mr. Warton's note, however, on ** trajb for his qdick 

hunting/' in the fecond a6l of Othello^ leaves my interpretation 
of this paffage fomewhat difputable. 

Mr. M^ Mafonobierves that totrafi fir overtofpingt ** may meas 
to lop them, becaufe they did overtop, or in order to prevent them 
from overtopping. So Lucetta, in the fecond fccne of The T<wo 
Gentlemen of Verona^ fays 

" I was taken up for laying them down, 
" Yet here they (hall not Ue, fir catching cold." 
That is, left they fhould catch cold. See Mr. M. Mafon's note 
on this paflage. 

In another place (a note on Othelk) Mr. M. Mafon obfervet 
that Shakfpeare Jiad probably in view, when he wrote the paflage 
before us, " the manner in which Tarquin conveyed to Sextus 
his advice to deflroy the principal citizens of Gabii, by ftriking 
off, in the prefence of his meflengers, the heads of sill the talleft 
poppies^ as he walked with them in his garden." Stb evens. 

I think this phrafe means——*' to correA for too much hangh* 
tinefs or overbearing." It is ufed by fportfmen in the Korth when 
they corred a dog for mifbehaviour in purfuing the game* 
This explanation is warranted by the following paflage ia Otbtlb, 
AftlLfci: 

" If this poor tralh of Venice, whom I trafi 
*' For his quick hunting." 
It was not till after I had made this remark, that I faw Mr. War« 
ton's note on the above lines in Othello, which corroborates it. 

Douci« 
A trafi is a term ftill in ufe amon^ hunters, to denote a •piece, 
of leather, couples, or anjr other weight faftened round the neck 
of a dog, when his fpeed is fuperior to the refl of the pack i L e* 
when he over-tops them, when he hmts too quicks C, ' 



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TEMPEST; 17 

Or elfc new form*d them: having both the key' 

Of officer anc| office, fet all hearts' 

To what tune pleas'd his ear; that now he was 

The ivy, which had hid my princely trunk. 

And fuck*d my verdure out on't. — Thou attend*ft 

not: 
I pray thee, mark me. ♦ 
MiRA. O good Sir, I do. 

Pro. I thus negleding worldly ends, all dedi^ 
cate* 
To clofenefs, and the bettering of my mind 
With that, which, but by being fo retir'd, 
O'er-priz'd all popular rate, in my falfe brother 
Awak'd an evil nature : and my truft. 
Like a good parent,* did beget of him 
A falfhood, in its contrary as great 
As my truft was ; which had, indeed, no limit, 
A confidence fans bound. He being thus lorded. 
Not only with what my revenue yielded, 

» hotb the key—] This is meant of a key for taning the 

haipfichord, fpinnct, or virginal ; we call it now a tunlne hammer. 

Sir J. Hawcirs* 

' Of officer and office, fet all hearts — ] The old copy reads-* 
" all hearts fth* ftate,* bat redundantly in regard to metre, and 
nnnecefikrily re^)e^ng fenle; for what hearts, except fuch as 
were ftb^Jiate, could Alonfo incline to his pnrpofes ? 

I have followed the advice of Mr. Ritfon, who judicionfly pro- 
pofes to omit the words now ejeAed from the text. Steevens. 

4 I pray thee, mark «/.] In the old copy, thefe words are th« 
beginning of Profpero's next fpeech ; but, for the reftoration of 
metre, I have changed their place. Steevens. 

^ / thus negleSing ^worldly ends, all dedicate—] The old copy 
has — " dcdicat^i/;" but we ihould read, as in the prcfcnt text, 
" — dedicate." Thus in Meafurefor Meafure : 

'* Prayers from fading maids, whofe minds are dedicate 
*• To nothing temporal." Ritson. 
^ Me a good pSiTcnt, &c.] Alluding to the obfcrvation, that a 
father above the common rate of men has commonly a fon below 
it. Hermm filii mxie* Johnson* 
\OL. III. C 



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18 TEMPEST. 

But what my power might clfc exaft, — like one. 
Who having, unto truth, by telling of it. 
Made fuch a flnner of his memory. 
To credit his own lie,* — ^he did believe 
He was the duke; out of the fubftitution,'' 
And executing the outward face of royalty. 
With all prerogative: — Hence his ambition 
Growing, — Doft hear? 
MiRj. Your tale, fir, would cure deafnefs. 

Pro. To have no fcreen between this part he 
played 
And him he play*d it for, he needs will be 
Abfolute Milan: Me, poor man! — my library 
Was dukedom large enough ; of temporal royalties 
He thinks me now incapable: confederates 
(So dry he was for fway *J with the king of Naples, 
To give him annual tribute, do him homage; 
Subjeft his coronet to his crown, and bend 
The dukedom, yet unbow'd, (alas, poor Milan!) 
To moft ignoble (looping. 



-//i/ one. 



Who having, unto truth, by uUing ofit^ 
Made fuch afinner of his memory. 

To credit his cwts lie.'] There is, perliaps, no correlative, to 
which the word // can with grammatical propriety belong* Lie, 
however, feems to have been the correlative to which the poet 
meant to refer, however ungrammatically. 

The old copy reads — •* iuto truth." The neccilary corredUon 
was made by Dr. Warburton. Steevbns. 

' He was the duke; out o/the/ubfiitutum,'] The old copy readfi-^ 
<* He was indeed the duke." I have omitted the word indeed, for 
the fake of metre. The reader fiiould place his emphafis on — ivasw 

St£evens« 

■ [So dry he tvas for ftvay^] u c. So thiffiy* The expreffion, 
I am told, is not uncommon in the midland counties. Thus in 
Leiceftet^s Commonwealth: ** againft the defignments of the hafty 
Erie who thitfteth a kingdome with great intemperance.'* Again* 
in Troilus and Creffida: ^ His ambition is dry. Stsbveks. 



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TEMPEST. 10 

MiRA. O the heavens 1 

Pro. Mark his condition^ and the events then 
tell me. 

If this might be a brother* 

MiRA. I Ihould fin 

To think but nobly' of my grandmother: 

Good wombs have borne bad fons. 

Pro. Now the condition. 

This king of Naples, being an enemy 
To me inveterate, hearkens my brother's fuit; 
Which was, that he in lieu o* the premifes,* — 
Of homage, and I know not how much trlbute^-^ 
Should prefently extirpate me and mine 
Out of the dukedom; and confer fair Milan, 
With all the honours, on my brother: Whereon, 
A treacherous army levy'd, one midnight 
Fated to the purpofe, did Antonio open 
The gates of Milan; and, i' the dead of darknefs^ 
The minifters for the purpofe hurried thence 
Me, and thy crying felf. 

Mira. Alack, for pity! 

I, not remembering how I cried out then,' 
Will cry it o*er again; it is a hint,* 



' To think bat nollj — ] But^ in this place, figniifies oiierw/e thou, 

Stbbvens. 

* -—in Isca e^ tbefftmijes, &c.] In lint of, means here, in con* 

fidemtion of; an annfiial acceptation of the wotd. So, in Fletch* 

it's Frofbetffit the chcvrus, fpeaking of Drufilla, iays 

** Bat takes their oatns, iHiieu of her affiftance, 
** That they (hall not prefome to touch their lives/' 

M. Masok. 
I — nWont— ] Perhaps we (hould read—cried c«V. Stebvbns. 

* a hint»] Hint is fnggeftiM. So, in the beginning (peech 

ofthefecondaa: 

** — ^ottT hint of woe 
" Is common— <—•" 

C2 



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ao TEMPEST. 

That wrings mine eyes. * 

Pro. Hear a little further. 

And then I'll bring thee to the prefent bufinefs 
Which now's upon us; without the which, this 

ftory 
Were moft impertinent. 

MiRA. Wherefore did they not 

That hour deftroy us? 

Pro. Well demanded, wench; 

My tale provokes that queftion. Dear, they durft 

not; 
(So dear the love my people bore me) nor fet 
A mark fo bloody on the bufinefs ; but 
With colours fairer painted their foul ends. 
In few, they hurried us aboard a bark; 
Bore us fome leagues to fea; where they pre* 

par*d 
A rotten carcafs of a boat, ^ not rigg'd. 
Nor tackle, fail, nor mail; the very rats 
Inftindively had quit it:' there they hoift us, 

A fimilar thought occurs in Antm^^ and CleofiUra, A& V. fc. i : 

'* it is a tidiogs 

«* To wafh the eyes of kings." Steevbns. 

< That wrings mine ejes."] L e. fqueeaECs the water out of them. 
The old copv readfi— 

*• Tnat wrings mine cjrcs to't** 

To nvbatf every reader will a(k. I have therefore, by the 
advice of Dr. Fanner, omitted thefe words, which are unneceflary 
to the metre; bear, at the beginning of the next fpeech, being 
ufed as a diflyllable. 

To nvritig, in the (enfe I contend for, occurs in the Meny 
IVvv&s of Jrindfor, Ad I. fc. ii : " his cook, or his laundry, or 
his wafher, and his ivnnger.** Steevbns. 

ft — of a boat,] The old copy reads>— of a butt» Henlbt. 

It was corre^^ed by Mn Rowe. Malonb. 

1 ~had piit it:'\ Old copy-H&d<i¥ quit it. Correfbd by Mr. 
Rowe. Malonb. 



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TEMPEST. 21 

To cry to the fea that roar'd to us ; • to %h 
To the winds^ whofe pity^ fighing back again^ 
Did us but loving wrong. 

MiRA. Alack! what trouble 

Was I then to you ! 

Pro. O! a cherubim 

Thou waft, that did prefcrve me! Thou didft 

fmile, 
Infufed with a fortitude from heaven, 
When I have decked the fea* with drops full fait; 

* To cry to the fea that roar'd to nsi] This conceit occurs again 
m the Winter^ s Tale: — '* How the poor foulf roar*d, and the foL 
MtiVthem," 5rc. Stebvbns. 

9 — deck'd the fea — ] To deck the fea^ if explained, to honour^- 
adorn, or dignify, is indeed ridiculous, but the original import 
of the verb deck is, to ewer; fo in fome parts they yet fay deck the 
table. This fcnfe rtay be borne, but pernaps the poet wrote y&riV, 
which I think is ftill ufed in ruftic language of drops falline upon 
water. Dr. Warburton reads mock'd; the Oxford edition prack'd. 

Johnson. 
Verftegan, p. 6i« fpeaking of Beer, fays, ** So the overdeckitif 
*' or cohering of beer came to be called berham, and afterwariu 
** barme." This very well fupports Dr. Johnfon's explanation. 
The following paifage in Antony and Cleofatru may countenance 
the verb deck m its common acceptation : 

** do not pleafe (harp fate 

•* To grace it with your lorrows." 
What is this but decking it with teartf 
Again, our author's Caliban fays. Ad III. fc. ii : 
** ■ ■ He has brave utenfils, 
'* Which, when he has a houfe, he'll deck withal." 

Stbsvbns. 

To deck, I am told, fignifies in the North, to ffnnkle. See 
Ray's DlCT. of North Country tjjords, in werb, to deg, and to deck; 
and his Dict. «/" South Country *words, in t/erb. dag. The latter, 
figni£es denAf upon the grafs; — hence daggle-tailcd. In Cole's Iiatin 
Di^onary, 1679, we find-—'* To dag, collutulo, irroro," Malonb. 

A correfpondent, who figns himfelf Ehoracenfisj propofes that 
thb contefted word fhould be printed deggdy which, fays he, 
fignifies >^r/«i/^y, and is in daily ufe in the North of England, 
when cloaths that have been wafhed are too much dried* it it 

C3 



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i» TEMPEST. 

Under my buitleti groan'd; which rais'd in mc 
An uiidei^ing ftomach/ to bear up 
Againll what Siould enfue. 

Mi Hit. How came we afliore? 

Pro. By Providence divine. 
Some food we had, and fome frelh water, that 
A nobjc Neapolitan, Gonzalo, 
Out of his charity, (who being then appointed 
Matter of this defigh,) did give us; ^ with 

neceflary to moiflen them before thejp' can be ironed^ which is 
idwaysdone hf fpHnkling; this operation the maidens umvedsdly 
^ d^o^* Rebd* 

* An wtdergnng ftomach.] Stomach is fiubhom refihakn, S» 
|Ioroce« " — grav^un ftM^ ftomachumJ* Stekvbnts. 

* Some food <we hadi mtdfimefreft> ^water^ that 
A nolle Neapolitan i Gonzalo^ 

Out of his charity y (who being then appointed 
Mafter of thh defignj didfrve us ;] Mr, Steevens has fuggefted, 
diat we mi^ht better read — Tfe being then appointed ; and (o we 
ftioold certainly now write: but the reading of the old copy is the 
true one, that mode of phrafeology being t& idiom of Shakfpeare's 
time. So, inthe/il^jw/^'/ TtfZf; 

f« Tjijj yo„j fon-in-law, 

*< And fon unto the king, (ivhom heavens directing,) 
«« Is troth-plight to your daughter." 
Again« in Coriolanus: 

** waving thy hand, 

*« Which often, thus, correiling thyfimt heart, 
** Now humble as the ripeft mulberry, 
«* That will not hold the handling; or, fay to them,** &c. 

Malomb. 
I have left the gaflage in qucftion, as I found it, though with 
(lender reliance on its integrity. 

What Mr. Malone has ftyled *• the idiom of Shakfpeare's time," 
can fcarce defcnre fo creditable a diilin^on. It Ihoald be re- 
memWred that the inftances adduced by him in fuppon of his 
pofition, are not from the early quartos which he prefers on the 
iboxe of accuracy, but from the folio 1623, the inaccuracy of 
which, with equal judgment he has cenfured. 
■ The genuine idiom of our lai\guage, at its different periods, can 
«nly be afccrtaiiKd by jrefeience to contemporary writers whofc 



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TEMPEST. is 

Rich garments, linens^ ftufTs^ and necelTaries^ 
Which fincc have Headed much: fo, of his gentle- 

nefg, 
Knowing I lov'd my books, he furnifli'd me. 
From my own library, with volumes that 
I prize above my dukedom. 

MiRA. •Would I might 

But ever fee that man! 

Pro. Nowlarife:* — 



works were (kilfully revifed as they pai&d through the prefs, and 
arc therefore onfafpe^led of corruption. A fuflScient number of 
fach booiu are before us. If they fuf^ly examples of |)hrafeology 
reiembling that which Mr. Malone would eftabliih^ there is an 
end of controvcrfy between us: Let, however, the difbutcd phra- 
ies be brought to their ted before they are admitted ; tor I utterly 
refufe to accept fhe jargon of theatres and the miftakcs of printers, 
as the idiom or grammar of the age in which Shakfpeare wrote. 
Ev^ grofs departure from literary rules may be countenanced, 
if we are permitted to draw examples from vitiated pages; and 
our readers, as often as they meet with reftorations found^i on 
fttch aothorities, may juftly exclaim, with Othello, — ** Chaos is 
come again.*' Stbevbns. 

♦ Nimo I arife :] Why does Proipero arifef Or, if he does it to 
cafe himielf by change of ppllure, whv neai he interrupt his narra- 
tive to tell his daughter of it? Pernaps thefe words belong to 
Miranda, and we ihould read: 
ACT. Would I might 

But ever fee that man! — ^N9w I arife. 
Pro* Sit dill, and hear the lail of our fea-forrow : 

Froipero, in p. 13. had dire^d his daughter to^r donvfiy and 
learn the whole of tms hiilory ; having previoufly by fome magical 
charm difpofed her to fall afleep. He is watching the progrefs of 
this charm; and in the mean time tells her a long ftory, often 
aflune her whether her attention be (Hll awake. Ine (lory bein? 
ended (as Miranda fuppofes) with their coming on fiiore, and 
partaking of the conveniences provided for them by the loyal hu< 
manity of Gonzalo, (he therefore firft exprefles a wifh to 'fee the 

food old man, and then obfbrvcsthat fhe may wnv arife, as the 
ory is done* Profpero, furprifed that his charm docs not yat 
work, bidii her Jit /ill; and then enters on freih matter to amaie 
She time, telliog her (what ibe knew before) that he had been her 



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24 TEMPEST. 

Sit (lilt^ and hear the laft of our fea-forrow. 
Here in this ifland we arriv'd; and here 
Have I, thy fchool-mafter, made thee more profit 
Than other princes* can, that have more time 
For vainer hours, and tutors not fo careful* 

MiRji. Heavens thank you for*t! And now, I 
pray you, fir, 
(For ftili *tis beating in my mind) your reafon 
For raifing this fea-ftorm? 

Pro. Know thus far forth.— 

By accident moft ftrange, bountiful fortune. 
Now my dear lady,* hath mine enemies 
Brought to this fhore : and by my prefcicnce 
I find my zenith doth depend upon 
A moft aufpicious ftar; whofe influence 
If now I court not, but omit,' my fortunes 
Will ever after droop. — ^Here ceafe more queftions ; 
Thou art inclined to fleep; *tis a good dulnefs,* 

tutor. Sec, But foon perceiving her drowfinefs coming on» he breaks 
off abruptly, and leaves \i^xfim fitting to her flumben. Blacks tone. 

As the words — ** now I arife"-— znay fignify» •' now I r^ in 
my narration," *« fiow my ftory helghtent in its confcquence,** I 
have left the pa0kge in queftion, undifturbed. We ftill fay, that 
the intereft of a drama Hfet or declines. Steevbns. 

^ :/mrr^j— ] The firft folio reads,^-princefie. Henley. 

Correfted by Mr. Rowe. Malone. 

• JVbw my dear lady ^ i. c. nvw my aufpkhus mifire/s. Steevbns. 
7 •— I find my zenith doth defend upon 

A moft aufpicious ftar; njobo/e influence 

Jfnfyw I court jtot, bat omit, &c.] So, in JuliMS Ca/ar: 
** There is a tide in the afiairs of man, 
<« Whichtaken at the flood, leads on. to/vUMir; 
*' Omitted^ all the voyage of their life 
** Is bomid in ihallows and in miieries.'' Maloke. 

• — Uisa good duhtefs,'] Dr. Warburton rightly obfenres, that 
this fieepinefs, which Froipero by his art had brought upon Miran- 
da, and of which he knew not how foon the cfied would begin, 
makes him queftion her fo often whether (he is attentive to his 
ftory. John so N, 



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TEMPEST. 2$ 

And give it way; — I know thou can*ft not 
choofe. — [Mi randa Jleeps. 

Come away, fervant, come: I am ready now; 
Approach, my Ariel ; come. 

Enter Ariel. 

Ari. All hail, great mafter ! grave fir, hail ! I 
come 
To anfwer thy beft pleafure; be't to fly,' 
To fwim, to dive into the fire, to ride 
On the curl'd cloudsV* to thy ftrong bidding, talk 
Ariel, and all his quality. ' 

Pro* Haft thou, fpirit. 

Performed to point* the tempeft that I bade thee? 
Ari» To every article. 

9 Ail bail, great mafUrt grofvefir^ hail! I come 
Ti9 Wijwr thy irji pUafure; be*t to fy^ &c.] Imitated by 
Fletcher in The FaitbfidShepberdefs: 

«« tell me fweeteft, 

<* What new fervice now is meeteft 

« For the &t3nre; (hall I ftiay 

" In the middle ayre, andftay 

'* The failing racke, or nimbly take 

*' Hold by me moone, and gently make 

«* Soitto the pale ^neene of night, 

** For a bcame to give me lights 

<« Shall I dive into the fea, 

'* And bring thee coral, making wa^ 

«« Through the rifing waves,** &c« Henlby, 

* Om tbe curPd cktuif;] So,inTim» — Cr^ heaven. Stbevbks. 

< ->-tf»/tf//ite quality.] i. e. all his confederates, all who are 
of the fame profeffion. So, in Hamlet: ' 
** Come, give ns a tafie of your fuaUty.^* See notes on this 

ptifage. STBBVBNt* 

• 4 ¥erfirm'dtof9mi — ] i. e. to the minuteft article. 
So, in the Cbanees, by Beaamont and Fletcher : 
'* "are you all fit? 
•* Tofobtt, fir." Steevbns. 



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s6 TEMPEST. 

I boarded the king's (hip; now on the beak^' 
Now in the waift/ the deck, in every cabin, 
I flam'd amazement: Sometimes, I'd divide. 
And burn in many places;^ on the top-maft. 
The yards and bowfprit, would I flame diftindly. 
Then meet, and join: Jove's lightnings, the prc- 

. curfors 
O' the dreadful thunder-claps,* more momentary 
And iight-out-running were not: The fire, and 

Cracks 
Of fulphurous roaringj the mod mighty Neptune 
Seem'd to befiege, and make his bold waves tremble. 
Yea, his dread trident Ihake. ' 

pR 0. My brave fp ir it ! 

* — frow on the beak,] The beak was a ftrong pointed body at 
the head of the ancient gallies; it is ufed here for the forecaftle, 
or the boltfprit. Johvsov. 

6 Now in the waift,] The part between the quarter-deck and 
die forecaftle. Johnson. 

? Sometimes, I'd divide. 
And bum in many places ;'\ Perhaps our aathor, when he wrote 
thefe lines, remembered die following paflage in Hackluyt's 
Voyages, 1598: ** I do remember that in ue great and boyfteroos 
** ftorme of this foule weather, in the night there came upon 
** the toppe of our roaine yard and mainc-maft a oertaine httle 
*' light, mach like unto the light of a little candle, wtiich the 
*^ Spaniards call the Cuerpo ^anto. This light continoed aboord our 
** (hip about three houres, flying frvm mt^ to mafie, and from 
*' top to top; and/ometimes it <t»mldie in tnuo or Afeeplacerat once.** 

Malonb. 

Burton fays, that the Spirits tili firjt, in fenn <)f fire-dxakca knd 
blazing i^rs, *' oftentimips £t on fbip-mafts>" ^c NUkmcb* P« I« 
i 2. p. 30. edit. 1632. T. Warton. 

t p recttrfirs 

O' the dreadful thunder-claps, 1 So, in King Lear: 

" *Vant couriers of oak-cleaving thunderbolts." Stbbvens, 

9 Tea, his dread trident fhake.] Left the metre ihould appear de- 
feftivc, it is ncceflary to apprize the reader, that in Warwickfhire 
and other midland counties, Jbake is ftill pronotmctd by the com* 
mon people as if it was written — ^Ihaake, a diflyllable. Fabmer. 

7 



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TEMPEST. J7 

Who was fo firm, fo conftant, that this coil 
Would not infed his reafon? 

Ari. Not a foul 

But felt a fever of the mad/ and play*d 
Some tricks of defperation: All, but mariqers, 
Plung'd in the foamii^ brine, and quit the 

veffel/ 
Then all a-fire with me: the king's fon, Ferdinand, 
With hair up-ftaring (then like reeds, not hair) 
Was the firft man that leap'd; cried. Hell is empty ^ 
And all the devils are here. 

Pro. Why, that's my Ipirit! 

But was not this nigh (hore? 

Aru Clofe by, my mailer. 

Pro. But are they, Ariel, fafc? 

Ari. Not a hair perilh'd; 

On their fuftaining* garments not a blemifh,. 
But freiher than before : and as thou had'ft me. 
In troops I have difpers'd them 'bout the ifle: 

• Bwifth ttje^ of the mad^ If it be at all ncccflary to explain 
the meaning, it is this: Not afodhutfeltjucb a fever as madmen 
fiei, *wbeH the firantick fit is ufoM them. Steev.ens. 

s — Offi/qttit the 'vejfel^ Siuit is^ I think, here ufed for qtuttedm 
So> in K. Lear: 

•• 'Twas he informed againft him, 

*' And quit the hoa& on purpoie, that their panilhment 

•' Might have the freer courie." 
So, in Kinf Henry VL P. L lift, for lifiei: 

** He ne'er lifl up his hand, but conquered." Ma lone. 

4 -^-fuHainittg — ] 1. e. their garments that bore them up and 
fupported them. So, in JT. Lettr, Aft IV. fc. iv ; 

** In ovLXfuftaining com." 
Again, in Hamlet: 

'• Her clothes fpread wide, 

•* And, mermaid-like, a while they bore her up.** 
JS/ls. M. Mafon, however, obfcrves that •* the word /uflaimug in 
this place does not voxxafupportin^^ but enduring; and by their yi^A 
tttining garments, Ariel means tneir garments which hore, without 
being injured, the drenching of the fea." Steevsks. 



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it TEMPEST, 

The king's fon have I landed by himfelf; 
Whom f left cooling of the air with fighs^ 
In an odd angle of the ifle^ and fittings 
His arms in this fad knot. 

Pro. Of the king's (hip. 

The mariners, fay, how thou haft difpos'd^ 
And all the reft o* the fleet? 

Ari. Safely in harbour 

Is the king's fhip ; in the deep nook, where once 
Thou call'dft me up at midnight to fetch dew 
From the ftill-vex'd Bermoothes,* there ftie's hid: 

' From the ftill-^uex'i Bermoothes^] Fletcher, in his Womm 
fUaJed^ ikys, *' 7b€ dentil JbouU think of furcbafing that egg-fieU t9 
'vi^iual out a nuitchfor the Bermoothes.** Smith, in his account of thefe 
iilands, p. 172, fays, ** thatthoBtrmudaswerefi fearful to the nvorld, 
that many called them The Iflc of Devils. — P. 114. — to aiifcamett no 
lefs terrible than an inchanted den of furies J* Ana no wonder, for the 
clime was extremely fubjedt to ftorms and hurricanes ; and die 
iilands were fnrrounded with fcatt^red rocks lying (hadlowly hid 
under the furfaoe of the w»ter. Warb vrton. 

The epithet here applied to the Bermudas, will be beft under- 
flood by thofe who have feen the chafing of the fea over the rugged 
rocks by which they are furrounded, and which render accefs to 
them fo dangerous. It was in our poet's time the current opinion, 
that Bermudas was inhabited by monfters, and devils^^Setehosj the 
god of Caliban's dam, was an American devil, worlhipped by the 
giants of Patagonia. Henley.. 

Again, in Decker's If this he not a good Plaj, the Devil is in it, 
1612 : " Sir, if you have made me tell a lye, they'll fend me on a 
voyage to the ifland of Hogs and De^iis, the Bermudas." 

Steevens. 
^ The opinion that Bermudas was haunted with evil (pirits cbn- 
tinucd fo late as the civil wars. In a little piece of Sir John Berk- 
inghead's, intitled, Tnvo Centuries of Pauls Church-yard^ una cum 
indite expurgatorio, &c. ii^, in page 62, under the title Cafes of 
ConJcieHCf, is this : 

*• 34. 'Whether Bermudas and the parliament-houfe lie under 
one planet, feeing both are haunted with devils** Percy* 

Bermudas was on this account the cant name for fome privileeed 
place, in which the cheats and riotous bullies of Shakfpoire's time 
afTcmbled. So, in ^ke Devil is an Ap^ by Ben Jonfon : 



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T E M P E S T, 2j 

The mariners all under hatches ftow'd; 
Whom, with a charm join'd to their fufFer 'd labour, 
I have left afleep: and for the reft o' the fleet. 
Which I difpers'd, they all have met again; 
And are upon the Mediterranean flote,* 
Bound fadly home for Naples; 
Suppofing that they faw the king's fhip wrecked. 
And his great pcrfon periih. 

Pro. Ariel, thy charge 

ExadUy is performed; but there's more work: 
What is the time o* the day?^ 

Am. Paft the mid feafon. 

Pro. At leaft two glafles : The time 'twixt fix 
and now, 
Muft by us both be fpent moft precioufly. 

Ari. Is there more toil? Since thou doft give 

' me pains. 

Let me remember thee what thou haft promised. 
Which is not yet performed me. 



*' —keeps he ftill your quarter 

•* ln{t\t Bermsidas r* 
Again, in one of his EpifUes : 

** Have their Bermudas, and their ftraights i' th' Strand.'* 
Again, in The De^il u an AJs: 

*< 1 gave my word 

** For one that's run away to the Bermudas^* Stbbvsns. 

• — the Mediterraneam flote,] Fl^e is noofve. Flat* Fr. 

Stbivbns. 

' What is the time o' the day ^] This paflaec needs not be dif- 
tuibed, it being common to aflc a queftion, which die next moment 
enables us to anfwer : he that thinks it f^ty, may eafily adjuft it 
thus: 

Pro. What is the time o' the day f Paft the midfeafin f 

Ari. At leaft tnvo glaffes. 

Pro. The time *t^ixtfix and now • Joh kso n. 

Mr. Upton propofes to regulate this paflage differently : 

Ariel. Paft the midfeafin^ at leaft t^wo glajfes. 

YtoU Tbetime^ &c« Malone. 



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30 TEMPEST, 

Pro. How now? moody? 

What is't thou can'ft demand? 

Aru My liberty. 

Pro. Before the time be out? no more. 

Ari. I pray thee 

Remember, I have done thee worthy fervice; 
Told thee no lies, made no miftakings^ ferv'd' 
Without or grudge, or grumblings: thou didft 

promife 
To bate me a full year. 

Pro. Doll thou forget' 

• Told thtt no lies, made no mt/laihgs, /erv'd — ] The old copy 
has— 

•' Told dice no lies, made /^^^ no miflakings, ferv'd — ." . 

The repetitioa of a word will be found a frequent miflake in the 
ancient coitions. R i ts o n, 

9 Doft thou forget — ] That the chara^er and condafl of Profpero 
may be underftood, fomething muft be known of the fyftem ot en- 
chantment, which fupplied all the marrellons found in the romances 
of the middle a^es. This fyftem feems to be founded on the opi- 
nion that the faSen fpirits, having difierent degrees of guilt» had 
different habitations allotted them at their expulfion, fome being 
confined in hell, fome (as Hooker, who deliTers the opinion of our 
poet's age, expreffes it) difperfed in air^ fome on earth, fome in *water, 
ethers in ca^es, dem, or minerals under the earth. Of thefe, fome 
were more malignant and mifchievous than others. The earthy 
fpirits feem to have been thought the moft depraved, and the aerial 
tne Icaft vitiated. Thus Pro^ro obferves of Ariel ; 

Thou njoafi affirit too delicate 

To m3 her earthy and abhorred commands. 
Over theft fpirits a power i&ight be obtained by ceftain rites per- 
formed or charms leajscd* lliis power was called 7 he black Art^ 
or Knowledge of Enchantment. The enchanter being (as king Jamea 
obferves in his Demonology) one ^aiho commands the de*vil, ivhAvas 
ihe wtch fervet him. Toofe who thought bcft of this art, the ex« 
iftence of which was, I am afraid, believed very ferioufly, held, 
that certain founds and chara£iers had a phyiical power over fpirits» 
and compelled their agency ; others, who condemned the prance, 
which in reality was iurely never prafHfed, were of opinion, with 
more reafon, tbat the power of cnarms arofe wlj from compa^> 



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TEMPEST. 31 

From what a torment I did free thee? 

Aru No. 

Pro. Thottdoft; and think*ft 
It much, to tread the ooze of the fait deep; 
To run upon the fharp wind of the north ; 
To do mc bufincfs in the veins o' the earthy 
When it is bak'd with froft. 

Ari. I do not, fir. 

Pro. Thou lieft, malignant thing! Haft thou 
forgot 
The foul witch Sycorax/, who, with age, and envy» 
Was grown into a hoop? haft thou forgot her? 

Ari. No, fir. 

Pro. Thou haft: Where was (he born? 

fpeak; tell me. 

Ari. Sir, in Argier. ' 

and was no more than the fpiiits voluntarily allowed them for the 
fedu^on of man. The art was held by all, though not equally 
criminal) yet unlawfuh and therefore Cafaubon, fpeakins of one 
who had commerce wi^ fpirits, blames him, though he imagines 
him one of the heft kind, ivho dealt nvitb them hj nuay of commmnd. 
Thus Profpero repents of his art in the laft fcene. The fpirks were 
always confidered as in fome meafure enflaved to the enciianter, at 
Icaft for a time, and as ferving with unwillinenefs ; therefore Ariel 
fo often begs for liberty ; a»l Caliban obieri'cs, that the fpirits 
fenre Profpero with no good will, but hate him rooudlj* — ^Of thefe 
trifles enough. Johnson. 

* The foml witch Syntax^ This idea might have been caught 
from Diony ie Settle's Reporte of the Lafi Voyage ofCapteifu Frohi/her, 
izmo. bl. 1. K77« He is fpakinc; of a woman found on one of 
the iflands deicrioed* " The old wretch, whome diuers of our 
Saylers fuppofed to be a Diuell, or a fTitche, plucked off her 
bnikins, to fee if ihe were donen-fboted, and for her ougly h^ewe 
and deformitie, we let her goe." Stbevbns. 

* in Argier.] Aijkrn the ancient Engliih name for Alters. 
See a pamphlet entitled, '* A true Relarion of the Travails, &c 
of William Davies, barber-furgeon," &c. 161 4. In this is a 
diapcer «< onthedefcription, &c. oi ArgUr^'* Stssvbns. 



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32 TEMPEST. 

Pro. O, was fhe fo? I muft. 

Once in a months recount what thou haft been. 
Which thou forget'ft. This damn*d witch, Sycorax, 
For mifchiefs manifold, and forcerics terrible 
To enter human hearing, from Argier, 
Thou know'ft, was banifh'd; for one thing fhe did. 
They would not take her life: Is not this true? 

Ari. Ay, fir. 

Pro. This blue-cy*d hag was hither brought 
with child, 
And here was left by the failors : Thou, my flave. 
As thou report'ft thyfelf, waft then her fervant : 
And, for thou waft a fpirit too delicate 
To adl her earthy and abhorred commands, 
Refufing her grand hefts, ftie did confine thee, 
By help of her more potent minifters. 
And in her moft unmitigable rage. 
Into a cloven pine; within which rift 
Imprifon'd, thou didft painfiilly remain 
A dozen years; within which fpace ftie died. 
And left thee there; where thou didft vent thy groans. 
As faft as mill-wheels ftrike: Then was this ifland, 
(Save for the fon that flie did litter here, 
A freckled whelp, hag-born) not honoured with 
A human Ihape, 

jIri. Yes; Caliban her fon. 

Pro. Dull thing, I fay fo; he, that Caliban, 
Whom now I keep in fervice. Thou beft know'ft 
What torment I did find thee in : thy groans 
Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the brcafts 
Of ever-angry bears ; it was a torment 
To lay upon the damn'd, which Sycorax 
Could not again undo ; it was mine art. 
When I arrived, and heard thee, that made gape 
The pine, and let thee out. 

Jrj. I thank thee, mafter. 



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TEMPEST. 32 

Pro. If thou more murmur'fl) I will rend an oak. 
And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till 
Thou baft howl'd away twdvc winters. 

Ari. Pardon, mafter: 

I will be correfpondent to command. 
And do my fpriting gently. 

Pro. Do fo; and after two days 

I will difcharge thee. 

Ari. TbiU's my noble mafter! 

What ftiall I do? f^y what? what fliall I do? 

Pro. Go make thyfelf like to a nymph o* the fea ; * 
Be fubjed to no fight but mine; invifible 
To every eye^baU elfe. * Go, take this ftiape. 
And hither come in't : hence, with diligence.^ 

Exit Ariel. 

4 to a nymph o* thefea ;] There docs not appear to be fuf- 

fident caufe why Ariel ihould ^flumc this new Ihape, as he was to 
be inviiible to all eyes bat thofe of Profpero. Stbevb ns. 
^ Be/uhjeB to no fight but mine; invifible 
To every e^e^bmlelfe.l The old copy Tcads— 

*' Be fubjed to no fight but thine andtomt ; inyifibie/' &C. 
Bat redundancy in the Bnt line, and the ridiculous precaution 
that Ariel ihould not be invij^ble to him/el/, plainly prove that the 
words — and thine — were the interpolations of ignorance. 

Stbevbns. 
Go make thy/elf lAe a nymph o* thefea : befiibjeS 
To w fight but thine and mine ; invifible, &c.] The words— 
•* be fubjeo** — ^having been transferred in the firft copy of this pljy 
Co die latter of thefe lines, by the carcleflheis of the tranfcdber or 
printer, the editor of the fecond folio, to iupply the metre of the 
former, introduced the word/o; — reading, " like to a nymph o* 
the fea." The regulation that I have made, (hews that the addition, 
like many others made by that editor, was unneceflary. Malon b. 

My arraxisement of this pafTage, admits the word to, which, I 
diink, was judicioufly reftored by the editor of the fecond folio. 

Stbbtens. 
• * And hither come ifit : hence with diligence.^ The old copy read»— 
*' And hither eome in't : ^, hAKe with diliffence." 
The tranfcriber or oonapofitor had caught the word go from tbt 
precedinig lineJ Ritsom. 

Vol. III. D 



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34 TEMPEST. 

Awake, dear heart, awake! thou haft flcpt wdl; 
Awake! 

MiRA. The ftrangenefs^ of your ftofy put 
Heavinefs in me. 

Pro. Shake it off: Come on; 

We'll vifit Caliban, my flave, who never 
Yields us kind anfwer. 

MiRA. 'Tis a villain, fir, 

I do not love to look on. 

Pro. But, as 'tis. 

We cannot mifs him : • he does make our fire. 
Fetch in pur wood ; and ferves in offices 
That profit us. What, ho! flave! Caliban! 
Thou earth, thou 1 fpeak^ 

Cj L. [tVitbin] There's wood enough within. 

Pro. Come forth, I fay; there's other bufinefa 
for thee: 
Come forth, thou tortoifc! when?' 

f The ftrangenefs ] Whv flioiild a wditdcrful ftory produce 

flecp ? I believe experience will prove, thit any violent agitation of 
the mind eafily fubfides in flumW , efpeciallv when, as in Prof* 
pero's relation, the lail images arepleafing. Johnson. 

The poet (eems to have been apprchenfive that the audience, a§ 
Well as Miranda, would flec^ over this long but neceilary tale, and 
therefore ftrives to break it. Firft, by making Profpero diveft 
himfelf of his magic robe axld wand ; then by waking her attea* 
tion no lefs than fix times by verbal interruption : then by varying 
the adlion when he rifes and bids her continue fitting : and lailly, 
by carrying; on the bufincfs of the fable while Miranda fleeps, by 
which fhe is continued on the ftage till the poet has occafion ior her 
again. Warned. 

. * We cannot mifs him ;] That is, we cannot do without him. 

M. Mason. 

This provincial expreffion is ftill ufed in the midland counties. 

Malo»b« 

' C^me forth, thoutortoije! when?] This interro^tion, indicative 
of impatience in the hieheft degree, occurs alfb m K. Richard II. 
Aa I. fc. i : " When, Harry V^ See note on this paffagc. 



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TEMPEST. 35 

Reenter Ariel^ like a water-nymph. 

l^ine apparition ! My quaint Ariel, 
Hark in thine ear. 

Aru My lord, it fhall be done. [Exit. 

Pro. Thou poifonous flavc, got by the devil 
himfelf 
Upon thy wicked dam, come forth ! 

Enter Caliban. 

Cal. As wicked dew as e*er my mother brufh'd 
With raven's feather from unwholfome fen. 
Drop on you both! * a fouth-weft blow on ye. 
And blifter you all o'erl 

In Profpero's fammons to Caliban, however, as it ftands in the 
old copj)r, the word /brth (which I have repeated for the fake of 
metre} is wanting, St s e v b n s. 

* Cal. ^s njoicked de*Wt as e'er my mother hrujh'd 
With raven' 5 feather fr^m un*whole/ome fen, 
Dropon jon both !\ It was a tradition, it (eems, that 
lord Falkland, lord C, J. Vaughan, and Mr. Seldcn, concurred 
in obfcrvin|;, that Shakfpcarc had not only found out a new cha- 
ncer in his Caliban, but had alfo devifed and adapted a new 
manner of language for that charadhr. What they meant by it, 
without doubt, was, that Shakfpeare gave his language a certain 
gtotefque «ir of the favage and antique; which it certainly has. 
But Dr. Bcntley took this, of a nenv language y literally ; for fpeak- 
ing oF a phiafe in Milton, which he fuppofed altogether abfurd and 
unmeaning, he fays, Satan had not the privilege as Caliban in Shah 
ffeare, to ufe neiv phrafe and diSion unknovun to all others^-^-^^xA 

again: topra8ife diftances isftill a Caliban Jlile* Note on Milton* s 

Faradije Loft, L iv. y. 045. But I know of no fu^h Caliban ftile 
in Shakfpeare, that hatn new phrafe and didtion unknown to all 
others. Warbur-^on. 

Whence thefe critics derived the notion of a new language appro- 
priated to Caliban, I cannot find: they certainlv miftook brutality 
of fentiment for uncouthnefs of words. Calioan had learned to 
fpeak of Profpero, and his daughter ; he had no names for the fun 
and moon before their arrival, and could not have invented a lan- 
guage of his own, without niore underftandine than Shakfpeare has 
thought it proper to beftow upon him. His didtion is indMdl 

D 2 



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36 TEMPEST. 

Pro. For this, be fure, to-night thou (halt have 
cramps, 
Side-ftitches that fhall pen thy breath Up; urchins ' 
Shall, for that vaft of night that they may work/ 



foraewhat clouded by the gloominefs of his temper^ and the ma- 
lignity of his purpofes; but let any other being entertain the fame 
thoughts^ and he will find them eaiOly iffue in the fame expreffions* 

Johnson. 

As wicked denju^'] Wicked; having baneful qualities. So Spcnfcr 
{^y^i wjichtdnueei^ (b^ in oppofition» we fay herbs or medicines 
have 'Virtues* fiacon mentions 'virtuom iezoar, and Dryden 'uirtsum 
herbs, Johnson. 

So, in the Booke of Hauhng^ Sec. bl. I. no date : *• If a nvycked 
*' fellon be fwoUen in fuch manner that a man may hele it, the 
•* hauke (hall not dye." Under K. Henry VI. the parliament 

f^titioned againil hops> as a nvicked weed. See Fuller's Worthies : 
flex. St E EVENS. 
§ — urchins — ] L e. hedgehogs. 

Urchins are enumerated by Reginald Scott among other terrific 
beings. So, in Chapman's May Day, 16111 
** — to fold thyfelf up like an urchin," 
Again, in Selimus Emperor of the Turks, 1638 : 

«* What, are the urchins crept out of their dens, 
" Under the condud of this porcupine!" 
Urchins are perhaps here put for fairies, Milton in his Mafoue 
fpeaks of *' urchin blafts," and we ftill call any little dwarftfh 
ciiild, an urchin. The word occurs again in the next aft. TTic 
echinus, oifea hedge-hog, is ftill denominated the urchin. Stekvens. 
In the M, W, of fVindforwt have " urchins, ouphes, and fairies;'* 
and the paflage to which Mr. Steevens alludes, proves, I think, 
that urcht^ns here fignifies beings of the fairy kind : 
*♦ His^'/ir/ hear me, 
** AndyetlneedsmiAcurfe; but they'll nor /iwf it, 
*' Fright me with tsrchin-Jhrvm, pitch me i'the mire,'* &c. 

. Malonb, 
In fupport of Mr. Steevens's note, which does not appear fatis- 
faftory to Mr. Malone, take the following proofs from Hormanni 
Vulgaria, 4to. 1515. p. 109 : — " Urchyns or Hedgehoggis, full of 
iha^ pryckillys, whan they know that they be hunted, make them 
rounde lyke a balle." — ^Again,— ** Forfyns have longer prykels 
than urchyns** Do u c s. 

♦ --r-for that vaft of night that they may wori,] The nnift ofnighi 



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TEMPEST. 37 

AH excrcife on thee: thou Ihalt be pinch'd 
As thick as honey-combs, each pinch more Hing- 
ing 
Than bees that made them. 

Cal. I muft cat my dinner. 

This ifland's mine, by Sycorax my mother. 
Which thou tak'ft from me. When thou cameft 

firft,^ 
Thou ftrok'dft me, and mad*Il much of me; 

would'ft give me 
Water with berries in't ; and teach me how 
To name the bigger light, and how the lefs. 
That burn by day and night : and then I lov'd thee. 
And ihew'd thee all the qualities o' the ifle, 

means the night which is natunll]^ empty and deferted, without 
tdloii ; or when all things lying in fleep and iilence, makes the 
world appear one great uninhabited tvafte. So, in Hamlet : 

** In the dead nvafie and middle of the ni^ht." 
It has a meaning like that oirnxn/afta. 

Perhaps^ however, it may be ufed with a fignification fomewhat 
difierent, m Pericles Prince of Tyre, 1609 : 

<< Thou God of this great *vaft^ rd>uke the furgea," 
Fajbtm is likewife the ancient law term for tjjafte uncultivated 
land; and, with this meaning, <vaft is ufed by Chapman in his 
Shadow of Nirht, 1 594 : 

«« — When unlightfome, vajt, and indigeft, 

«* The formelefs matter of this world did lye." 
It Ihould be remembered, that, in the pneumatology of former 
ages, theieparticulan were fettled with the moft minute exadbiefs, 
and the dim«nt kinds of vifiopary beings had dificrcnt allotments 
of time fuitable to the variety or confequence of their employments. 
Durinff thefe fpaces, they were at liberty to a^, but were always 
obliged to leave off at a certain hour, that thev might not interfere 
in &t ponion of night which belonged to otiiers. Among thefe, 
we may fuppofe urchins to have had a part fubjeded to their domi* 
ition* To this limitation d* time Shakipeare alludes again in AT. Lear : 
*• He begins at curfew, andnualh till the fecond cock.* Steevens. 

* Which thou taUfi from me. When thou cvcos&fitft,'] We might 
lead-— 

" Which thou tak'ft from me. When thou cam 'ft here firft, — '* 

RiTSON, 

D3 



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38 TEMPEST. 

The frefh fprings, brine pits, barren place^ and 

fertile; 
Curfed be I that did fo! — All the charms* 
Of Sycorax, toads, beetles, bats, light on you ! 
For I am all the fubjedts that you have. 
Which firft was mine own king : and here you fty me 
In this hard rock, whiles you do keep from me 
Thereftoftheifland. 

Pro. Thou moft lying flave. 

Whom ftripes may move, not kindnefs: I have 

us*d thee. 
Filth as thou art, with human care ; and lodg'd 

thee 
In mine own cell, till thou didft feek to violate 
The honour of my child. 

Cal. O ho, O ho! "^ — *wou*d it had been done! 
Thou didft prevent me; I had peopled elfe 
This ifle with Calibans. 

Pr 0. Abhorred flave ; • 

Which any print of goodnefs will not take. 
Being capable of all ill! I pitied thee, 

• — AH (he charms — ] The latter word, like many othem of tb^ 
fame kind, is here nfed as a difTyllable. Malqnb, 

Why (hould we encourage a fuppofition which no infbuice what- 
ever countenances? viz. that charm was ufed as a diflfyllable. The 
vcrfe is complete without fuch an effort to prolong it: 

" Curfed I be I I that did I fo! all I the charms— " 

Stbsvens, 

'i Oho! O bo /] This favage exclamation was originally and con- 

ftantly appropriated by the writers of our ancient Myfteries and 

Moralities, to the Devil; and has, in thb inflance, been transferred 

to his defcendant Caliban. Steevens. 

• Abhorred Jlan)e\\ This fpeech, which the old copy gives to 
Miranda, is very judiciouily beftowed by Theobald on Profpero. 

Johnson. 

Mr. Theobald found, or might have found, this fpeech trsMM* 
ferred to Profpero in the adteration of this play by bryden an4 
D'Avenant. Malone. 



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TEMPEST. 39 

Took pains to make thee fpeak^ taught thee each 

hour 
One thing or other: when thou didft not, favage. 
Know thine own meaning,' but would*ft gabble like 
A thing moft brutifli, I endowM thy purpofes 
With words that made them known: But thy vile 

race/ 
Though thou didft learn, had that in't which good 

natures 
Could not abide to be with ; therefore waft thou 
Defervedly confin'd into this rock. 
Who hadft deferv*d more than a prifon, 

Cal. You taught me language; and my profit 

on't 
Is, I know how tocurfe: The red plague rid you,' 

• ■ When tbott didft not, ftevage, 

Kmonv thine otvn meaning,'] By this expreflton^ however defec- 
tive, the poet feeras to have meant — fVhen thou didft utter founds, to 
wbicb thou hadft no determinate meaning: bat the following expreffion 
of Mr. Addifon, in his 389th Speftator, concerning the Hotten* 
toes, may prove the beft comment on this paiTage ; " — shaving no 
langoage among them but a confafed gabble, which is neither fwell 
undetftoodhythemjehoes, or others/' St b evens. 

*^ But thy vile race,] The old copy has «uild, bat it is only the 
ancient mode of fpelline njile. Race, in this place, feems to fi^nify 
original difpofition, inborn qualities. In this fcnfe we ftill lay«- 
Tbe race of tuine : Thus in Maffinger's New Way to pay old Debts : 

" There came, not fix days fincc, from Hull, a pipe 

•' Of rich Canary. 

•* Is it of the right ra^^rf** 
jmd Sir W. Temple has fomewhere applied it to works of litera- 
ture. Ste EVENS, 

Race andracinefs in wine, fignifies a kind of tartnefs. 

Black^tone. 

* — »/£< red fiague rid you,] I fuppofe from the xednefs of tho 
body, omverfadly inflamed. Johnson. 

The eryftpelas was anciently called the red plague. Stebvbns, 
Sq again, in Corhlanus: 

•' Now the redpeftiUme ftrike all trades in Rome!" 



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40 TEMPEST. 

For learning me your language! 

Pro. Hag^feed^ hence! 

Fetch us in fuel ; and be quick» th' wert beft. 
To anfwer other bufinefs. Shrug'ft thou, malice? 
If thou negiedl'ft, or doft unwillingly 
What I command, I'll rack thee with old cramps j 
Fill all thy bones with aches; make thee roar. 
That beafts fhall tremble at thy din. 

Cal. No, •pray thee! — • 

I muft obey : his art is of fuch power, [Afide. 
It would control my dam's god Setebos,^ 
And make a vafTal of him. 

Pro. So, flave; hence! 

[£jr/> Caliban. 

Reenter Ariel invijible,^ p^^y^^g andjingingi 
FEKDiVAffD following bim. 

Ariel's Song. 

Come unto theje yellow Jands^ 

And then take hands : 
Court'Jied when you have, and kijs*d^ 

(The wild waves wbiji) * 

The word rid, which has not been explained, means to defiroj. 
So, in K. Henry VL P. II : 

•• — If you ever chance to hare a child, 

" Look, in his youth, to have him fo cut off, 

•* As, dcathfincn ! you have r/i/this fwect young prince." 

Malone* 

4 my dam's god, Setebos,] A gentleman of great merit, 

Mr. Warner, has obfcrved on the authority of John Barhit, that 
' *' the PafaFons arc reported to dread a ereat horned devil, called 
Setebos/*-^t maybe aflced however, how Shai/fieare knew any 
thing of this, as Barhot was a voyager of the piefent century ? — 
Perlups he had read Eden's Hiftory of Travaylc, 1577, who tells 
us, D. 454, that «« the gkmtes, when they found themielves fet* 
tered, roared like bulls, and cried upon Setebos to help them."— 
The metathejis in Caliban from Canibal is evident. Farmer. 

Wc learn from Magellan's voyage, that Setehos was the fupreme 
god of the Patagons, and Cheleule was an inferior one. Tollet. 



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TEMPEST, 41 

Foot it feat ly here and there i 

And, Jweet Jprites, the burden hear. ' 

Hark, bark! 
Bur. Bowgh, wowgh. [^difper/edly^ 

Tbe watcb^dogs bark : 
Bur. Bowgh, wowgh. [di/per/edly. 

Hark, bark! I bear 
Tbe^rain ofjlrutting cbanticlere 
Cry, Cock-a^doodle-'doo. 

4 

Fer* Where ftiould this mufick be? i' the air, 
or the earth? 
It founds no more: — ^and furc, it waits upon 
Some god of the ifland. Sitting on a bank, 

Seteiat is alfo mentioned in Hackloyt's Forages, i^qS. 

Maloks* 

5 Re-^Hter Ariel invifible^] In Ac wardrobe of the Lord Ad- 

nunl's men (i. e. company of comedians) i$<^%9 was*--" a robe 

for to goo invi/ebeUJ' See the Mf« from Dulwich college^ quoted 

by Mr. Malone. Stbbvbns. 

* Cntrt'JUd when 9o» banje^ and kifs'd^l As was anciently done 
at the beginnbg of tome dances. So, in a. Hertiy Fill, chat prince 
lays to Anna BuUen — * 

" I were onmannerly to take you out, 
•* And not to kifsyom.'* 
The nmld 'wm/es whift ;] i. e. the wild waves being^&s/. So, 
in Spcnfcr*8 Fairy ^eex, B. VII. c. 7. f. 59 : 

" So nvas tie Titanefs put dvwn, andwhiSt." 
And Milton feems to hare had our author in his eye» See 
ftanza j. of his Hymn on the Nativity : 
•• Tbe luinds avith ^wonder whift, 
«* Smoothly the 'waters kifi^d." 
So again, both Lord Surrey and Phaer, in their tranflations of 
diefecondbookofViigil: 

** Contimere ofrmes. 

** ThcynvhipdTlV 
and Lylly, in his MaidjMetamorphofit^ 1600: 

** But every thing is quiet, <wbift^ and ftill." Stbbvbns. 
7 — the harden hear.] Old copy — ^bear the burden, Cotxcftcd 
by Mr, Theobald. Malone, 



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42 TEMPEST. 

Weeping again the king my father's wreck,* 
This mulick crept by me upon the waters;^ 
Allaying both their fury, and my paifion. 
With its fweet air: thence I have followed it^ 
Or it hath drawn me rather: — But 'tis gonje. 
No, it begins again, 

Ariel iings. 

Full fathom jive thy father lies ; * 

Of his bones are coral made; 
Tbofe are pearls, that were his eyes: 

Nothing of him that doth fade, ^ 

• Weepimf aeain the ling my father^ s wnrri,] Thus the old copy • 
but in the do<mcs of Shakfpearc's age again is fometimes printed 
inftead oiagaitift\u e. oppofite to], which I am perfoadedwasour 
anthor's word. The placing Ferdinand in fuchafituation that he 
could ftill gaze upon the wrecked veflel, is one of Shakfpeare's 
toaches of natare. Again is inadmiffible; for this would import 
that Ferdinand's tears had ceafed for a time; whereas he hixmelf 
tells us, afterwards, that from the hour of his father's wreck they 
liad nifuer ceafed to flow : 

^ *' ■ ■ Myfdfam Naples, 
" Who widi mine eyes, ne*erfince at M, beheld 
*' The king my father wreck'd." 
However, as our author fometimes forgot to compare the difierent 
parts of his play, I have made no change. Ma lone. 

By the word — a^ain, I fuppofe the Prince means only to defcribc 
the repetition of his forrows. Beiides, it appears from Miranda's 
defcription of t|ie ^orm« that the (hip had oeen /wallowed hy the 
waves, and confequently could no lopger be ^n objed of fight« 

Stibvbns. 
9 This mujick crept by me upon the 'wateni\ So, in Milton's Ma/qne z 
'* ^—-' ajfofi andJoUmn breathing found 
*< RofelikeaJUamofrichdiftiirdferfttmet^ 
♦* And ^o\t upon the air." Stbbvbns. 

* Full fathom fiw thf father lies^ &c.] Ariel's lays, [which havQ 
been condemned by Gildon as trifling, and defended not very fuc- 
cefsfuUy by Dr. Warburton] however feafonable and efficacious, 
muft be allowed to be of no fupematural dignity or elegance ; they 
cxprefs nothing great, nor reveal any thin^ abov^ mortal difgoyco^t 



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TEMPEST. 43 

But dotbfuffer afea^change^ 
Into fometbing rich andjirange. 
Sea^nymphs hourly ring bis knell: 
Hark! now I bear tbem^-^^ing'-dongt belL ' 

[Bur^n^ ding-dong* 

Fer. The ditty does remember my drowned 
father: — 
This is no mortal bufinefs, nor no found 
That the earth owes:* — I hear it now above me. 



The feafon for which Ariel is introduced thus trifling is, that 
he and his companions are evidently of the fairy kind, an order of 
beings to whicn tradition has always aibribed a fort of diminutive 
agency, powerful but ludicrous, a humorous and frolick control* 
moot ii nature, well exprefled by the fongs of Arid. Joh nson. 

Hie fongs in this ^lay. Dr. Wilfon, who refet and Dubliihed 
two of them, tells us, m his Cmrt Ayres, or Ballads, publifhed at 
Oxford, 1660, that " Full faihm five^' and " Where tie bee fucks;* 
bad been firft fet by Robert Joimfon, a compofer contemporary 
with Shakfpeare. fiuENST. 
I Nothing of him that doth fade. 
But dotbfuffer a fea-change — 1 The meaning i»— Every thing 
about him, that is liable to alteradon, is changed. Stebvens. 
^ But doth fufler tf^a-^Jiange — ] So, in Milton's Mafqsu : 
** And nnderwent a quick inmiortal changej* 

Stsevbns. 
* Sea-^itfmfhs hourfy ring his knell: 
Hark! now I hear /£/if^*— --Ding, dong hell. 

Burden, ding-dong.] 
So, in The Golden Garland of Pn'ncefy Delight, &c. 13th edition, 
1690: 

*' Corydon's doleful knell to the tune of Djng, dong^* 

" I muft go feek a new love, 
«* Yet will I ring her knell. 

Ding, dong.** 
The fame burthen to a fong occurs in The Merchant of Venice, 
AdIII. fc. iL Stbbvbns. 

^ That the earth owe» :] To owe, in this place, as well as many 
others, fignifies to own. So, in Othello: 

«« that fweet flcep 

** Which thou ow'dfi ycftcrday," 



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44 TEMPEST. 

Fro. The fringed curtains^ of thine eye ad- 
vance. 
And fay, what thou fceft yond'. 

MiRjt. What is*t? a fpirit? 

Lord, how it looks about! Believe me, fir. 
It carries a brave form : — But 'tis a fpirit. 

Pro. No, wench; it eats and fleeps, and hath 

fuch fenfes 

As we have, fuch : This gallant, which thou feeft. 

Was in the wreck; and but he's fomething ftain'd 

With grief, that's beauty's canker, thou might'ft 

call him 
A goodly perfon : he hath loft his fellows. 
And ftrays about to find them. 

MiRA. I might call him 

A thing divine; for nothing natural 
I ever faw fo noble. 

Pro. It goes on,' \^4fide. 

As my foul prompts it:-— Spirit, fine fpint, I'll 

free thee 
Within two days for this. 

Again, in the Tempeft: 

•* thou doft here ufurp 

•• The name thou vw*ft not." 
To ufe the word in this fenfe, is not peculiar to Shakfpeaie« 
I meet with it in Beaumont and Fletcher's Beggar* i Btffi: 

** If now the beaird be fuch, what is die prince 

•* That <«««•/ the beard?" Stebvens. 

7 The fringed curtains, &c.] The fame expreffion occnn is 
Ttrkki Prince of Tyre^ 1600 : 

" her eyelids 

•* Benn to part their /rAr/« of bright jjold." 

Again, in Sidney's Arcadia Lib. I : '* Sometimes mj eyes would 
lay themfelves open — or caft my lids, as curtains, over the image of ' 
bttoty her prefence had painted in them." St 1 b v e n &• 

• // goes w,] The old copy reads—** It goes on, I fee" tec 
But as the words I fee, are ufelefs, and an incumbrance to the metre, 
I have omitted them* Sts evens* 



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TEMPEST. 



45 



Fkit. Mod fure, the goddefs 

On whom thefe airs attend !' — Vouchfafe, my prayer 
May know, if you remain upon this ilknd ; 
And that you will fome good inftrudtion give. 
How I may bear me here: My prime requeft, 
Which I do iaft pronounce, is, O you wonder! 
If you be made, or no? 

MiRA. No wonder, firi 

But, certainly a maid.* 

• Moft fort, &c.] It fccxils, that Shakfpcare, in The TemfeJI^ 
tiath been fufpe^ted of tranilating fomc expreffions of Virgil; 
witnefs the O Dta arte. I prefume we are here dire^ed to the 
paflagc, where Ferdinand fays of Miranda, after hearing the fongi 
of Ariel : 

Moflfurty the goddefi 
Oh *whom the/e airs attend f--^ 
And (b nferj JmaU Latin is fufficient for this formidable cranflation, 
that, if it be thought any honour to our poet, I am loth to deprive 
him of it; but his honour is not built on fuch a fandy foundation. 
Let us turn to a rtaltutnflator^ and examine whether the idea might 
not be fuUv comprehended by an Englifii reader, fuppofing it 
neceflkrily WromM from Virgi). Hexameten ki our language are 
almoft forgotten ; we will ^ote therefore this time from ScmySorft : 
'' O to thee, fayre vimd, what terme vsolj rightly be fitt^ ? 
*' Thy tongve, Ay viUfle no raonal frayltie raembleth. 
•« No doubt, agoddeflfer' Edin 1583, Farwer. 

* certaittfy a maid.} Nothing could be more prettilv ima- 
gined, to tlluftrate the Angularity of her charator, than this pieafant 
iniMce. Stuc had been bred up in the rough and plain-dealing 
docnmentsof mora] philoibphy, which teaches us the Knowledge <x 
bari^ves; and was an utter ftrangcr to the flattery invented by 
vicious and deiigning tnen 10 corrupt the other fex. So that it 
CQvld not enler into het imagination,^ that eomplaifance, ind a 
defile of aDpearii^ amiable, qualities of humanity which (he had 
been inihocled, in her moral leffcms, to cultivate, could ever 
degenerate into fuch exceft, as that any one (honld be willing to 
hare hia felloir-creature believe diat he thought her a goddeis, or 
animraortaL Warburton. 

Dr« WarbnrtOB has here found a beauty, which I think the an* 
Aor never intended. Ferdinand aiks her not whether (he was a 
ereattd Stingy t qucftion, which if he meant it, he has iU expreifed, 
hot. vriiedier Ihe was ttamarricd; for after the dialogue which 



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46 TEMPEST. 

Fer* My language! heavens !—• 

I am the beft of them that fpeak this fpccch. 
Were I but where 'tis fpoken. 

Profpefo's interropdoii produces^ lie goet on poriiimg his former 
qneftion : 

** Op if a *vfrgm, 

«• 77/ make you queen of Naples^'* JoH N so ir» 

A psfl^ in Lillys Galatbea feems to countenance the prefent 
text ; *' The queftion among men is common^ ureyu a maideV* 
—yet I cannot but thinks that Dr. Warhurtou reads very rightly : 
•* If yon be made, or no/* When we meet with a harih cxpref- 
fion in Sbakfpeare, we are ufually to look for a pU^ upon 'words* 
Fletcher dofelv imitates The Tempeji in his Sea Voyage: and he 
introduces Albert in the fame manner to the ladies of bis Defect 
liland: 

«< Be not offended^ goddeifes, that I fall 

" Thus proftrate," &c. 
Sbak/peare himfetf had certainly read, and had probably now in 
bis mmd, a psiflage in the third book of The Fairy ^eeu, between 
Timias and Belphiebe: 

** Angel or godde/s ! do I call thee right? 

** There-at (he blaihing» faid, ah! gentle fquirej, 

" Korgodde/s I, nor angel, but the maid 

** And daughter of a woody nymph^" &c* Fahmee. 
So Milton. Comus, t6$ : 

** — -: — Hail foreign nwrnderf 

** fVhom certain the/e rough fiades did nearer breed, 

•* Unlefs the Goddefs,** Arc. 
Milton's imitation exphuns Shakfpeare. Mmd is certainly a crea'^ 
ted being, a Woman m of^fition to Goddefs. Miranda immedi- 
ately deftroys this firft fenfe by a quibble. In the mean time, I 
have no obje^on to read made, i. e. created* The force of the 
ientiment is the fame. Comus is uniyerfally allowed to have taken 
fome of its tints from The Tempeft. T. Warton. 

The firft copy reads — ^if yon be maid, or no. Made was not. 
fuggefted by Dr* Warbnrton, being an emendation introduced by 
the editor of the fourth folio. It was, I am perfuaded, die an* 
thor's word: There being no article priefixed adds ftrength to tins 
fuppofition. Nothing is more common in his plajrs than a woid 
being ufed in reply, m a fenfe difibrent from that in which it was 
employed by the firft fpeaker. Ferdinand had the moment before 
caued Miranda a goddefs; and the words inunediately fabfoined» 
•~'* Vouchfafe, my prayer" — ^Ihow, that he looked up to her as 
a perfon of a fuperior order, and fought her protection, and in- 



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TEMPEST. 47 

pRd. How! thcbeft? 

What wert thou, if the king of Naples heard thee? 

Fek. a finglething, as I am now, that wonders 
To hear thee fpeak of Naples: He does hear me; 
And, that he does, I weep : myfelf am Naples ; 
Who with mine eyes, ne'er fince at ebb, beheld 
The king my father wreck'd. 

Mir J, Alack, for mercy! 

Fer, Yes, faith, and all his lords; the duke of 
Milan, 
And his brave fon, being twain. ' 

Pro^ The duke of Milan, 

ftraftion for hu condad^ not her love. At tlf is period, therefore 
he maft have felt too much awe to have flattered himfelf with the 
hope of pofleffing a being that appeared to him cekflial; thoQ|4i 
afterwards, emlx>ldened oy what Miranda fays, he exclaims, ** O, 
if a virfin," &c. words that appear inconfiftent with the fupjpofition 
that he had already ajkedhtr whether Ihe was one or not« dhe had 
indeed told him» ihe was; bat in his aftoniihment at hearing her fpeak 
his own language, he may well be fappofed to have forgotten what 
(he iaid; which, if he had himfelf made the inquiry, would not 
be very teaibnable to fuppofe. 

It appears from the suteration of this j>lay by Dryden and Sir W. 
D'A venant, that they confidered the preient pa&ge m this light : 

" Fair excellence, 

** If, as your form declares, you are divine, 
** fiepleas'dtDinftrodme, howyouwilibeworlhip'd; 
** So bright a beauty cannot fure belong 
*« To human kind." 
In a fubfequent fcene we have aeain the ftme inquiry : 
JUx. '* Is {hpthQg9dde/i that hath fever 'd us^ 

'* And brought us thus together ?" 
FeTi, " Sir, fhe's mortal/* 
Our author might have remembered Lodge's defcription of Faw» 
nia, the Perdita of his Winter^ s Tmle: " Yet he fcarce knew her, 
for (he had attired herfelf in rich apparel, which fo increafed her 
hieaaty, that (he. re(bnbled rather an angel than a creature" Dgraftms 
and Fofwnia^ iyp-% MALOjfB. 

' And bis brave fin^ being M»ainJ\ This is a (light foTgetfulne(t. 
Nobody was loflinthe wreck, yet we findno fuch character as the 
foQ of thcdoke of Mikn. Thbobald* 



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48 TEMPEST. 

And his more braver daughter, could control thee,* 
If now 'twere fit to do't:— At the firft fight 

lAJJde. 
They hftvc chang'd eyes : — Delicate Ariel, 
I'll fet thee free for this ! — ^A word, good fir ; 
I fear, you have done yourfelf fome wrong : * a 
word. 

MiKA. Why fpeaks my father fo ungently ? This 
I9 the third man that e'er 1 faw ; the firfl: 
That e'er I figh'd for : pity move my father 
To be inclined my way ! 

FzR. O, if a virgin. 

And your affeftion not gone forth, I'll make you 
The queen of Naples. 

Pro. Soft, fir; one word more. — 

They are both in eithcr's powers : but this fwifi: 

bufinefs 
I mufl: uneafy make, lefi: too light winning [Afide. 
Make the prize light. — One word more j I charge 

thee. 
That thou attend me : thou dofl: here ufurp 
The name thou ow*ft not ; and hajB: put thyfelf 
Upon this ifland, as a fpy, to win it 
From me, the lord on't. 

Fer. No, as I am a man. 

MiRA. There's nothing ill can dwell in .fuch a 
temple: 
If the ill fpirit have fo fair an houfe. 
Good things will ftrive to dwell with't. 

4 ^.^.^cwHrol thee,"] Confute thee» unanfweraUy contradift 
thee. Johnson. 

i I fear you havt d«ite youifilfjome 'wrcng:'] i. e. I fear that, in 
aiferting yoarfelf to be king of Naples, you kave utttrad a falfhood, 
which is below your chafadbr^ mi C(H»fequeotly iojucious to your 
jiQiwur. So, itt The Merty Wiw9 ofWhifor-^^* Tbia it not weB, 
mailer Ford, this lurongs ymu'^ STSBVEjff* 

7 



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TEMPEST. 49 

Pro. Follow me. — [To Ferd. 

Speak not you for him ; he's a traitor, — Come. 
I'll manacle thy neck and feet together : 
Sea-water fhalt thou drink, thy food fhall be 
The frefh-brook mufcles, wither'd roots, and hufks 
Wherein the acorn cradled ; Follow. 

Fbr. ^ No ; 

I will refill fuch entertainment, till 
Mine enemy has more power. [He draws. 

MiRA. O dear father. 

Make not too rafti a trial of him, for 
He's gentle, and not fearful.^ 

Pro. What, I fay. 

My foot my tutor ! ' — Put thv fword up, traitor ; 
Who mak'ft a fhew, but dar'ft not ftrike, thy 

confcience 
Is fo poflefs'd with guilt: come from thy ward; • 
For I can here difarm thee with this ftick. 
And make thy weapon drop. 

^ He*s gentle, and mi fearful.] fVtf f/«/ fignifies t30th terrible and 
Ciinorous. In this place it may mean timorous. She tells her fa-> 
ther, that as he is^ntle, roagh afage is unneceflary; and as he ia 
bnve» it may be (umgeroos. 

Fearful t however, may £gnify formidable ^ as in K. Henry IF: 
" A mighty and 2i fearful head thcjr are," 
and then the meamng of the j^ilage is obvious« Stb evens. 

•• Do not raihly determine to treat him with (bverity, he it 
mild and barmle/s, and not in the Icaft terrible or dangerous." 

R.ITSOK. 

^ Mj foot my tutor f^ So, in fhe Mirrokr for Magiftrates, 1587. 
p. 163 : 

** What honeft heart would not conceive difdayne, 

" To fee tbefoote furmount abov6 the head.** Henderson* 

Again, in K. Lear, A61 IV. fc* ii. one of the quartos read»-^ 
«« My foot ufurps my bead." Stbbvens* 

• — come from thy ward j] Defift ^om any hope of awing me by 
ihat pofture of defence* J oh nson. 

Vol. III. E 



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50 TEMPEST. 

MiRA. Bcfcech you, father! 

Pro. Hence; hang not on my garments. 

Mir J. Sir, have pity j 

I'll be his furety. 

Pro» Silence : one word more 

Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee. What ! 
An advocate for an impoftor? hulh ! 
Thou think'ft, there are no more fuch Ihapes as he. 
Having feen but him and Caliban : Foolilh wench ! 
To the moft of men this is a Caliban, 
And they to him are angels. 

MiRA. My affeftiona 

Are then moft humble ; I have no ambition 
To fee a goodlier man. 

Pro. Come on > obey: [7(9 Ferd. 

Thy nerves are in their infancy again,' 
And have no vigour in them. 

Per. So they arc; 

My fpirits, as in a dream, are all bound up.* 
My father's lofs, the weaknefs which I feel. 
The wreck of all my friends, or this man's threats^ 
To whom I am fubdu'd, are but light to me,' 
Might I but through my prifon once a day 

^ Thy nerves are in their infancy ogaif/,'] Perhaps Milton had this 

iflage in h^s mind, when he wrote the following line in hi» 

^a/^ue at Lu^lcnu CaftU: 

** Thy nerves are all bound up in alabafter." Stekvens. 

* My fpirits y as in a dream, are all bound «/.] Alluding to a 
common lenfation in dreams; when we ftrugglc, but with a total 
impuifTance in our endeavours, to run, ftrike, &c. Wae burton. 

^ — are but light to me,] This paflage, as it (lands at prefent, 
with all allowance for poetical licence, cannot be reconciled to 
grammar. I fufpeft that our author wrote — •* nvere but light to 
me," in the fenie of — nvould be. — ^In the preceding line the old 
copy reads — nor this man's threats. The emendation was made by 
Mr. Steerens. Malonb. 



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TEMPEST. 51 

Behold this maid : ^ all comers elfe o' the earth 
Let liberty make ufe of; fpace enough 
Have I, in fuch a prifon. 

Pro. It works : — Come on.— » 

Thou haft done well, fine Ariel ! — Follow me. — • 

[To F£RD. and Mir* 
Hark, what thou elfe Ihalt do me. [To Ariel. 

MiRA. Be of comfort ; 

My father's of a better nature, fir. 
Than he appears by fpeech ; this is unwonted. 
Which now came from him. f 

Pro. Thou flialt be as free j 

As mountain winds : but then exadly do ; 

All points of my command. ^ 

Ari. To the fyllable. 

Pro. Come, follow : fpeak not for him. [Exeunt. 



A C T II. S C E N E I. 

Another part of the ifland* 

Enter Alonso, Sebastian, Antonio, Gonzalo, 
Adrian, Francisco, and others. 

GoN. •Befeech you, fir, be merry : you have caufc 
(So have we all) of joy ; for our efcape 

^ Mi^bt I hiU through my prifon once a daj^ 
Behold this maid:\ This thought fecms borrowed from The 
Knight's Tale of Chaucer; v. 1230 : 

** For cllcs had I dwelt with Thefcus 

*' Yfctcred in his prifon evermo. 

*' Than had I ben in bliire« and not in wo. 

*• Only the fight of hire, whom that I fcrvc, 

*' Though that I never hire grace may deferve, 

** Wold have fufficed right ynoiigh for me»'' Stbbtini* 

E 2 



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o 



52 TEMPEST. 

Ifi much beyond our lofs : Our hint of woe ^ 

Is common ; every day, fome failor's wife. 

The mailers of fome merchant, * and the merchant 

Have juft our theme of woe : but for the miracle^ 

I mean our prefervation, .few in million* 

Can fpeak like us : then wifely, good fir, weigh 

Our lorrow with our comfort. 

, A LOS. Pr'ythee, peace. 

. Sbb. He receives comfort like cold porridge. 
jInt. The vifitor' will not give him o'er fo. 
Seb. Look, he's winding up the watch of his 
wit ; by and by it will ftrike. 

GoN. Sir, 

See. One: Tell. 

GoN. When every grief is entertained, that's 
offer'd. 
Comes to the entertainer — 

Seb. a dollar. 



5 Our hint 0/ woe^ Hint is that which recalls to the me- 
mory. The caufe that fills our minds with grief is common. Dr. 
Warborton reads— ^/fnr/ of woe. Johnson. 

Hint feems to mean circamflance. ** A danger from which they 
had efcaped (fays Mr. M. Mafon} might properly be caUed a hint of 
ivoe" Stebvbns. 

* The matters offonu merchant , &c.] Thus the old copy. If the 
pafTage be not corrupt (as I fufpedt it b) we muft fuppole that by 
mafters our author means the vwners of a merchant's (hip« or 
the oficert to whom the navigation of it had been traded. 

Stbevens. 

'^ The vifitor ] Why Dr. Warburton fliould change ^Jitor to 
^'vifer^ for ad'vijer, I cannot difcover. Gonzalo gives not only ad- 
vice but comfort, and is therefore properly called The Vifitor^ like 
others who vifit the fick or diitreiled to give them coniblation.^ In 
fome of the Proteftant churches there is a kind of officers tennod 
Confolators for the fick. Joh nson. 



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TEMPEST, 53 

Gov. Dolour comes to him, indeed ; ' you have 
fpoken truer than you purposed. 

Seb. You have taken it wifelier than! meant 
you flioufd. 

GoN. Therefore, my lord, — 
Ant. Fie, what a fpendthrift is he of his tongue ! 
A to If. I pr'ythee, fpare. 
GoN. Weil, I have done : But yet— 
Seb. He will be talking. 

Aiir. Which of them, he, or Adrian, for a good 
wager, firfl begins to crow ? 
Seb. The old cock. 
Asr. The cockrel. 
Seb. Dane: The wager? 
Asr. A laughter. . 
Seb. a match. 

Adr. Though this ifland feem to be defert, — 
Seb. Ha, ha, ha ! 
Ant. So, you've pay'd.^ 
Adr. Uninhabitable^ and almoll inacceflible,— 
Seb. Yet, 
Adr. Yet — 
Asr^ He could not mifs it. 



• GoH. Dolour comes to him, indeed;'] The fame quibble occurs 
in The Tragedy of Hoffman^ '637 : 

** And his reward be thirteen hundred dollars ^ 

** For he hath driven dolour from our heart." Stbbvens. 

9 you've tayd,] Old Cojj^— -ya«V paid. Correfted by Mr. 

Steevens. To pay fometimes figmficJ— to heat^ but I have never 
met with it in a metaphorical fcnfe; othcrwife I ihould have 
thought the reading of the folio right : you are beaten; you have 
I'jl. Malone, 



E3 



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54 TEMPEST. 

Aj>n. It muft heeds be of fubtic, tender, and 
delicate temperance. * ■ 

A}fr. Temperance was a delicate wench. ' 

Seb. Ay, and a fubtle ; as .he moft learnedly 
deliver'd. 
Avit. The air breathes upon us here moft fweetly. 
Stn. As if it had lungs, and rotten ones. 
Avir. Or, as 'twere pcrfum'd by a fen. 
GoN. Here is every thing advantageous to life. 
A^<r. True ; fave means to live. 
[ Seb. Of that there's none, or little. 

Goiu. How lufli ♦ and lufty the grafs looks? how 

green ? 
A^<t. The ground, indeed, is tawny. % 

^ and delicate temperance.] Temperance here means tempera*^ 

Hire. Stbbvens. 

' Temperance nuas a delicate ivexclf,] In the puritanical times it 
was ufual to chriften children from the titles of religious and moral 
Tirtues. * 

So Taylor, the water-poet» in his defcription of a ftmmpet : 
'* Though bad tney be, th^ will not bate an ace, 
" To be call'd Prudence, Temperance, Faith, or Grace." 

Steevbns. 

4 HowlM^t &fr.] Lnjh, i. e. ofsLdari/uScolovLT, the oppofite 
to pale and/aiftt. Sir T. Hanmer. 

The words, bowmen f which immediately follow, might have 
intimated to Sir T. Hanmer, that lujh here fignifies ranky and not a 
dark full colour. In Arthur Golding's tranilation of jidius Solinus, 
printed 1 587, a paflage occurs, in which the word is explained. — » 
** Shrubbcs lujhe and almoft like a gryftle." So, in A Midjummer 
Night's Dream : 

** Quite over-canopied with /i(/&w«x woodbine." Henley. 

The word luJB has not yet been rightly interpreted. It appears 
from the following paiTage in GoMing's tranilation of Ovid, 1 587, 
to have fignified /Wq', /ucculent : 

•• What ? fecft thou not, how that the year, as rcprcfcnting plaine 

'< The age of man, departes himfelf in quarters foure : firft, bainc 



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TEMPEST. i5 

See. With an eye of green in*t** 

ANr. He mifles not much. 

See. No ; he doth but miftake the truth totally. 

GoN. But the rarity of it is (which is indeed 
almoft beyond credit,) 

See* As many vouched rarities are. 

, GoN. That qur garments, being, as they were, 
Hrench'd an the fea, hold notwithftanding their 
freflinefs, and gloffes; being rather new dy'd, 
than flain'd with fait water, 

Asr. If but one of his pockets could fpeak, 
would it not fay, he lies ? 

See. Ay, or very falfely pocket up his report. 

GoN. Methinks, our garments are now as frefli 
as when we put them on firft in Africk, at the 
marriage of the king's fair daughter Claribel ^ to 
the king of Tunis. 



'' And tender in the fpring it is^ ercn like a fucking babe, 
*• Then greene and void of ilrength. and iujb and/o^^ is the 

blade; 
*• And cheers the huibandman with hope/* 
Oyid's lines (Met. XV.) arc thefe : 

Quid ? non in fpecies fuccedere quattuor annum 
Aipicis, setatis peragentem imitamina noftne ? 
Nam tcncr ct ladtens, pncriquc (imillimus sevo, 
Vere noro eft. Tunc herba recent, et reboris expers^ 
Turget, et infolida eft, et foe deledlat agreftem. 
Spenfer in his Shef heard* s Calender, (Feb.) applies the epithet 
hfy to green : 

" With leaves engrain'd in luftie green** Ma lone. 

* With an eye of green /«'/.] An eye is a fmall (hade of colour : 

** Red, with an ^^ of blue, makes a purple." BoyU. 

Again, in Fuller's Church Hiftory, p. 237, xvii Cent. Book XI : 
** — fome colc-black (all eye of purple being put out therein) — ." 

Again, in Sandys's Travels, lib. i: " —cloth of filvcr tifluod 
with an ^r of green — ." Steevins. 

• — Claribel — ] Shakfpearc might have found this name in the 

E4 



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56 TEMPEST. 

Seb. 'Twas a fweet marriage^ and wc profper 
well in our return, 

Adr. Tunis was never grac*d before with fuch 
a paragon to their queen. 

GoN. Not fince widow Dido*s time. 
ANr. Widow ? a pox o* that ! How came that 
widow in ? Widow Dido '/ 

Seb. What if he had faid, widower iEneas too? 
good lord, how you take it ! 

Adr. Widow Dido, faid you ? you make me 
ftudy of that : She was of Carthage, not of Tunis. 

bl. J. Wftoty of George Lord FaakMhrulfe, a pamphlet that he probably 
read when he was writing ifi^^ Jobn^ Clak.abel is tncre the 
concubine of King Richard L and the mother of Loid Falcon- 
bridge. Malonb. 

^ •— /jP/^Snu Dida/] The name of a widow brines to their minds 
their owp fhipwreck, which they confider as havmg made many 
widows in Naples* Johnson. 

Perhaps our author remembered '* An infcription for the ftatue 
#f Dido" copied from Aufonius* and inferted in Davijon's Poems ; 

*^ O moft unhappy Dtdo, 

** Unhappy wife, and more unhappy ividoiw! 

♦* Unhappy in thy mate, 

** And m thy lover more unfortunate!" &c. 
The edition from whence I have tranfcribed thefe lines was prin- 
ted in 162 1, but there was a former in 1608, and another fome 
years before, as I colled from the following pailage in a letter 
from Mr. John Chamberlain to Mr.Carleton, July 8, 1602 : ** It 
feems young Davifon means to take another courfe, and turn poet, 
for he hath lately y^/ out certain fonnets and epimms.'* Cnam- 
berlain*s Letters, VoL L among Dr« Birch's Alfs. in the Biitifh 
Mufeum. Malonb* 

A ballad of ^ueen Dido is ia the Pepyfian coUedion, and is alfo 
printed in Percys ReliaueSf It appears at one time to have been a 
great favourite with tne common people, *' O you ale-knights," 
exclaims an ancient writer, *' you that devoure the marrow of the 
nault, and drinke whole ale-tubs into confumptions; that fing 
Queen Dido over a cnpp, and tell ftrange newes over an ale* 
pot," &C. Jacke of Dover tis queft of Iufpime^ or his frhvy JeaxA 
for the merieft Fooie in England, 4to, 1604, iig. F. Ritson,' 



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TEMPEST. 57 

GoN» This Tunis, fir, was Carthage. 

jIdr. Carthage? 

GoN. I afllire you, Carthage. 

jInt. His word is more than the miraculous 
harp.' 

Seb. He hath rais'd the wall, and houfes too. 

jInt. What impoflible matter will he make eafjr 
next ? 

Seb. I think, he will carry this ifland home in 
his pocket, and give it his fon for an apple. 

Ant. And, fowing the kernels of it in the fea, 
bring forth more iflands. 

GoN. Ay? 

jInt, Why, in good time. 

GoN. Sir, we were talking, that our garments 
feem now as frefh, as when we were at Tunis at 
the marriage of your daughter, who is now queen. 

Ant. And the rareft that e*cr came there. 

Seb. 'Bate, I bcfeech you, widow Dido. 

Akt. O, widow Dido ; ay, widow Dido. 

GoN. Is not, fir, my doublet as frefli as the firft 
day I wore it ? I mean^ in a fort. 

Jkt. That fort was well fifli'd for. 

Con. When I wore it at your daughter's mar- 
riage ? 

Alon. You cram thefe words into mine ears, 
againfi: 
The ftomach of my fenfe : • * Would I had never 

7 — the miraculous harpj] Alluding to the wonders of Aniphion'a 
mufic. Stskven$. 

• The JUmach of my fcnfc :] By fen/ty I believe, is meant both 
fwJiiH mtd naturaf aff<akn. So» in Mea/urefor Mca/ur< : 



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58 -TEMPEST. 

Marry'd my daughter there ! for, coming thence^ 
My fon is loft ; and, in my rate, (he too. 
Who is fo far from Italy removed, 
I ne'er again fhall fee her. O thou mine heir 
Of Naples and of Milan, what ftrange fifh 
Hath made his meal on thee ! 

JRR^isr. Sir, he may live ; 

I faw him beat the furges under him. 
And ride upon their backs ; he trod the water, 
Whofe enmity he flung afide, and breafted 
The furge moft fwoln thit met him : his bold head 
•Bove the contentious waves he kept, and oar'd 
Himfelf with his good arms in lufty ftrokc 
To the fliore, that o'er his wave-worn bafis bow*d. 
As ftooping to relieve him : I not doubt, 
*He came alive to land. 

Alon. No, no, he*s gone. 

Seb. Sir, you nuy thank yourfclf for this greatlofs; 
That would not blefs our Europe with your 

daughter. 
But rather lofe her to an African^ 
Where Ihe, at leaft, is banilh'd from your eye. 
Who hath caufe to wet the grief on't. 

Alon. Pr*ythee, peace. 

Seb. You were kneel'd to, and importuned other- 
wife 
By all of us ; and the fair foul herfelf 
Weigh'd, between lothnefs and obedience, at 
Which end o' the beam fhe'd bow.* We have loft 
your fon, 

" Againft ?X\fenfe do you imp6rtunc her.*' 
Mr. M. Mafon, however, fuppofcs ** firtfe, in this place, means 

feeling.'' Steevens. 

f Weigh*d, hetfween lothnefs and obedience ^ at 
Which end 0^ the team (ht'd how.} JFeigh* d mtxos delihrased^ 

7 



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TEMPEST. 59 

I fear; for ever : Milan and' Naples have ' 
More widows in them of this bufinefs* making. 
Than we bring men to comfort them:* the fault's 
Your own. 

Alon. So is the deareft of the lofs. 

GoN. My lord Sebaftian^ 

The truth you fpeak doth lack fome gentlenefs. 
And time to fpeak it in : you rub the fore. 
When you Ihould bring the plafter. 

Seb. Very well. 

Ant. And moft chirurgeonly. 

GoN. It is foul weather in us all, good fir. 
When you are cloudy. 

Sbb. Foul weather ? 

Ant. Very foul. 

Golf. Had I plantation of this ifle, my lord, — 

Ant. He'd fow it with nettle-feed. 

Smb. Or docks, or mallows. 

It is nfed in nearly the fame fenfe in Love^t Lakour*s Loft, atid in 
HamUu The old copy reads — ftnaJd bow. Should was probably 
an abbreviation of Jhe 'would, the mark of eliiion bein^ inadver* 
tently omitted [fh'ould]. Thus i^ has is frequently exhibited in the 
firft folio— /rW. Mr. Pope correAed the paflage thus: ** at which 
end the beam Ihould bow." But omiffion of any word in the old 
copy» without fnbftituting another in it's place, is feldom fafe« 
except in thoie inftances where the repeated word appiears to have 
been caught by the compofitor's eye glancing on the line above, 
or bdow, or where a word is printed twice in the fame line. 

Malone. 
* Thau fvoe bring men to comfort them:'] It docs not clearly appear 
whether the king and thefe lords thought the (hip loft. This 
paflajge fcems to imply, that they were therafelvcs confident of re- 
tummg, but imagine) part of the fleet deftroyed. Why, indeed, 
Ihould Sebaftian plot againft his brother in the followm^ fcene, 
Bolefs be knew how to find the kingdom which he was to inherit ? 

Johnson. 



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€o t E M P E S T. 

GoN. And were the king of it. What would I do? 
Seb. 'Scape being drunk, for want of wine. 

GoN. V the commonwealth I would by con- 
traries 
Execute all things : for no kind of trafHck 
Would I admit ; no name of magiftrate ; ' 

• f or no kind of traffick 

Would I admit \ no name of magiftrate, &r.] Our author has 
here clofely followed a pafTage in Montai^e's Ess axes, tranflated 
by John Florio, folio, 1 603 : *' It is a nauon (would I anfwer Plato) 
that hath no kind of trafficker no knowledge of Utters ^ no intdiigcnce 
of numbers* no name of magiftrate ^ nor of foliiick Juperioriiii\ «• 
nfe offervice, of riches, or of fovertie, no eontroBsy nofucceffions^ n» 
partitions, no occupation, but idle; no refpeA of kindred but com- 
mon; no apparel but natural; no u/e of tvine, come, or metaL 
The veiy words that import lying, faifhood, trea/on, diffimulations, 
coretoufnefs, envic, dctradHon and pardon, were never heard 
amongft them." — ^This pailage was pointed out by Mr. Capell, 
who knew fo little of his author as to fuppofe that dhakfpeare had 
the original French before him, though he has almoft literally 
followea Florio's tranflation* 

Montaigne is here (peaking of a newly difcovered cotmtry, which 
he calls *• Antartick France,*' In the page preceding that already 
quoted, are thefe words : " The other teftimonie of antiquitic to 
which fome will refer the difcwerie is in Ariftotle (if at leaft that 
little book of unheard-of wonders be his) where he reporteth that 
certain Carthaginians having failed athwart the Atlanticke fea, 
without the ftrait of Gibraltar, difcovered a great fertil Island^ 
all replenifhed with goodly woods, and deepe rivers, farre diftant 
from any land." 

Whoever fhall take the trouble to turn to the old tranflation 
here quoted, will, I think, be of opinion, that in whatfocver novel 
our author might have found the fable of I'he Tempeft, he was 
led by the perufal of this book to make the fcene of it an un- 
frequented ifland. The title of the chapter, which is ** Of 

$be Canxiballes,^''''-evidenxly fumiihed him with the name of one 
of his charad^rs. In his time almoft every proper name was 
twifted into an anagram. Thus, **I mojlin law," was the anagram 
of the laborious William Noy, Attorney General to Charles I, 
By inverting this procefs, and tranfpoiing the letters of the word 
Canibal, Shakfpearc (as Dr. Farmer long fioce obierved) formed 
tke n^iQC of Caliban. Malone^ 



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TEMPEST. 6i 

Letters fhould not be known ; no ufe of fervice. 

Of riches or of poverty ; no contradls, 

Succeffions ; bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none : ♦ 

Ko ufe of metal, corn, or wine, or oil : 

No occupation ; all men idle, all ; 

And women too ; but innocent and pure : 

No fovereignty : — 

Seb. And yet he would be king on*t, 

4 Letttn/hmtd not be known ; no ufe of/ervke. 
Of riches or of porjerty \ no contrads^ 

Succeffions \ bound ^ land^ tilths nnneyard^ none ;] The words 
already quoted from I>iorio's Tranflation (as Dr. Farmer obferves 
to me) mflradl us to regulate our author's metre as it is now ex« 
hihited in the text. 

Probably Shakfpeare firft wrote (in the room of partition ^ which 
did not fuit the ftruAure of his verfe} bourtt\ but recollecting that 
one of its fignifications was a riimlet^ and that his ifland would 
have fared iU without fre(h water, he changed bourn to bound of 
landf a phrafe that could not be mifunderftood« At the fame time 
he might have forgot to ftrike out bourn, his original word, which 
is now rejected; for if not ufed for a brook, it would have exaftly 
the fame meaning as bound of land. There is therefore no need 
of the diiryllabical aiMance recommended in the following note. 

Stsrvens. 
And ufe off ervice, none \ contrad, fucceffion. 
Bourn, bound of land, tilth, fvineyard, none,"] The defective 
metre of the fecond of thefe lines a&rds a ground for believing 
that fome word was omitted at the prefs. Many of the defedls 
however in our author s metre have arifen from the words of one 
line being transferred to another. In the prefent inftance the pre- 
ceding line is redundant. Perhaps the woros here, as in many other 
paflages, have been fliuffled out of their places. We might read— 
And ufe of fcrvice, none; fucceflion. 
Contra^, bourn, bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none. 
fuccefftm being often ufed by Shakfpeare as a quadrifyllable. It 
muft however be owned, that in the pafTage in Montaigne's EfTays 
the words amtrait zsAfucceffion are arranged in the fame manner as 
in the firft folio. 

If the error did not happen in this way, bourn might have beea 
ufed as a diifyllable, and the word omitted at the prefs might have 
been none : 

f— contraA, fucceffion. 

None; bourn, bound of lazKi, tilth, vineyard, none. 

Malonb. 



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62 TEMPEST. 

Ai^r. The latter end of his commonwealth for- 
gets the beginning.* 

Goij. All things in common nature fliould pro- 
duce 
Without fweat or endeavour: treafon, felony. 
Sword, pike, knife, gun, or need of any engine,^ 
Would I not have ; but nature fhould bring forth. 
Of its own kind, all foizon,' all abundance. 
To feed my innocent people. 

Seb. No marrying 'mong his fubjeds ? 

^vr. None, man: all idle; whores, and knaves. 

Gov. I would with fuch perfection govern, fir. 
To excel the golden age.' 

5 The latter end of hit commotpweabb forgets the bepmiingj] AH 
this dialogue b a fine fadre on the Utopian tieatifes ofgOTemment, 
and the impracticable inconfifient fchcmes therein recommended, 

Warburton, 
^ — «»*-i7ff^ eneine^] An engine h At rack. So, in K. Lear: 

*€ i3^e an engine, wrench'd my frame of nature 

•• From the fix'd place." 
Itmay» however, be ufed here in its common fignification of 
inftrument of war, or military machine. Steevbns. 

7 — tf//foizon,] Foifon, or foizon, fignifies plenty, niertat; not 
moifhire, or juice of grafs, as Mr. Pope fays. Edwards. 
So, in "^zxntys Albion s England, 1602, B. XIII. Ch. 78: 

** Union, in brcefe, isf^onour, and difcorde work* decay.'* 
Mr. Pope, however, is not entirely miflaken, asfoifon, oxfixon, 
fometimes bears the meanino; which he has affixed to it. Sec 
Ray's CoUedion of South and^Eaft Country words. Steevbns. 

nature^itf/ii/ bring forth. 

Of its own kind, allfoizon, all abundance, 
To feed my innocent feople.\ ** And if notwithftanding, in di- 
vers fruits of thofe countries that were never tilled, we (hall find 
that in refped of our's they are moft excellent, and as delicate unto 
our tafle, there is no realon Ait Ihoold gain the point of our great 
and puiflant mother, Nature*' Montaigne's EJfaies, ubi fup. 

Malons* 
• / nsHmld with fuch perfe£Hon govern, fir. 
To excel the golden age«] So Montaigne, abi fupra: ** Mt 



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TEMPEST. 63 

Sbb. 'Save his majefty I 

• Ant. Long live Gonzalo ! 

GoN. And, do you mark me, fir ?— 

jfioN. Pr*ythee, no more; thou doft talk no- 
thing to me. 

GoN. I do well believe your highnefs ; and did 
it to minifter occafion to thefe gentlemen, who are 
of fuch fenfible and nimble lungs, that they always 
ufe to laugh at nothing. 

Ant. *Twas you we laugh'd at. 

GoN. Who, in this kind of merry fooling, am 
nothing to you : fo you may continue, and laugh 
at nothing ftlll. 

Ant. What a blow was there given ? 

Seb. An it had not fallen flat-long. 

GoN. You are gentlemen- of brave mettle ; ' you 
would lift the moon out of her fphere, if fhe would 
continue in it five weeks without changing, . 

Enter Ariel invijiile^ playing folemn mujick^ 

Seb. We would fo, and then go a bat-fowling. 
Ant. Nay, good my lord, be not angry. 

leemeth that what in thofc [newly difcovered] nations we fee by 
experience, doth not only excbed all the fifhires luhere^ith licen* 
iious poefie hath proudly imhelUJbtd the GOLDEN AGE. and all her 
quaint inventions to fain a happy condition of man, bat alfo the 
coQcqytion and defire of philofopny." Malone, 

9 — afhrofve mettle;] The old copy has — metaJ. The two words 
are frequently confounded in the firft folio. The epithet, brave, 
ihews clearly, that the word now place<^ in the text was intended 
by our author. M a l o n e. 

• Enter Arid, ^e, plying folemn muficJ] This ftage-diie^o» 
does not mean to tell us that Ariel himfelf was the Julscen ; but 
that folemn mufic attended his appearance^ was an accompanimenc 
tohas entry. STSEVBifs. 



^.IjL. 



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64 TEMPEST. 

GoH. No, I warrant you ; I will not adventure 
mydifcretion fo weakly. Will you laugh me afleep^ 
for I am very heavy ? 

Ant. Go fleep, and hear us. 

[Allfleep but Alon, Seb. and Ant. 

Alon* What, all fo foon afleep! I wifli mine 

Would, with themfelves, {hut up my thoughts : I 

find. 
They are inclined to do fo. 

Seb. Pleafe you, fir. 

Do not omit the heavy offer of it : 
It feldom vifits forrow; when it doth. 
It is a comforter. 

Ant. We two, my lord. 

Will guard your perfon, while you take your reft. 
And watch your fafety. 

Alon. Thank you: Wond'rous heavy.—- 

[Ahoifsojleeps. Exit Ariel. 
Seb. What a ftrange drowfinefs pofTefles them? 
Ant. It is the quality o' the climate. 

Seb. Why 

Doth it not then our eye-lids fink ? I find not 
Myfelf difpos'd to fleep. 

Ant. Nor I ; my fpirits are nimble. 

They fell together all, as by confent ; 
They dropp'd, as by a thunder-ftroke. What 

might. 
Worthy Seballian? — O, what might ? — ^No more :— 
And yet, methinks, I fee it in thy face. 
What thou ihould'fl be : the occafion fpeaks theei 

and 
My ftrong imagination fees a crown 
Dropping upon thy head. 



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T E M P E S T^ 65 

Seb. What, art thou waking ? 

Ant. Do you not hear me fpeak ? 

Seb. I do ; and, furel/j 

It is a fleepy language; and thou fpeak'ft 
Out of thy fleep : What is it thou didft fay ? 
This is a ftrange repofe, to be afleep 
With eyes wide open ; Handing, ipeaking, moving. 
And yet fo fall afleep. 

Jf^T. Noble Sebaftian, 

Thou lefft thy fortune fleep — die rather; wink'ft 
Whiles thou art waking. 

Seb. Thou doft fnore diftindly; 

There's meaning in thy fnores. 

Asr. I am more ferious than my cuftom : you 
Muft be fo too, if heed me; which to do. 
Trebles thee o'er.' 

Seb. Well ; I am fl:anding water. 

Ant. I'll teach you how to flow. 

Seb. Do fo : to ebb, 

^ lam moteferitm than my cuftom : ym 
Muft hifo too^ if heed me; *which i9 do^ " 
Trebles thee o'er.] This pafTage is reprefented to me as an 
oUcure one. The meaning of it feems to be*— You muft put on 
more than yoar ufual ferioufnefs. if you are difpofed to pay a proper 
attention to my propofal; which attention ii ybu beftow, it will 
in the end make you ihrke nuhat you are. Sebaftian is already 
brother to the throne; but, being made a king by Antonio's con- 
trivance, would be (according to our author's idea of greatneis) 
thrice the man he was before. £1 this fcnfe he would be tnoled o'er. 
So, in Pericles, 1 609 : 

** the mafter calls, 

** And trehles the confufion." 
Agab, in The Two Noble Kin/men, 1634: 

•* thirds his own worth." Stbevens. 

Again, in the Merchant of Venice : 

<* Yet, for yon, 

** I wonld be trehUd twenty tunes myfclf.'* Maloni. 

Vol. III. F 



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6$ T E M P £ S T* 

Hereditary flotb inftmds me. 

Ant. O, 

If you but knew^ how you the purpofc cherilh. 
Whiles thos you mock it ! how^ in Gripping it^ 
You more inveft it ! ^ Ebbing men^ indeed. 
Mod often do Co near the bottom mn^ 
By their own fear^ or floth. 

Seb. Pr'ythee, fey oA: 

The fetting of thine eye, and cheek, proclaim 
A matter from thee ;^ and a birth, indeed; 
Which throes thee much to yield. 

Jnt. Thus, fir: 

Although this lord of weak remembrance,' this 
(Who (hall be of as little memory. 
When he is earth'd,) hath here almdl perfiiaded 
(For he's a fpirit of perfuafion only,) 
The king, his fon's alive ; 'tis as impoflible 
That he*s undrown'd, as he that fleeps here, fwims.* 

4 I/jou but buw, bow you thefurfofe cherifi^ 
Whiles thusjou mock it! iow, in ftripping it^ 
You more iuvefl it/] A judkioQS critic in The BJmiur^ Mi^a^ 
zine for Nov. 1786, o&n the following illoftiaticA of this ohfcure 
paflage* ** Sebaftian introdiices the Smile of wai»r» Icistakea 
up by Ascomo, who fays he will teach his flagrant water to ik>w* 
« » It has already learned to ebbj' fays Sebaftiaa. To which 
Antonio replies, ' O if you ha know how much even that meiupborg 
'which you i^e injeft^ enfourugit to the defigu which I hint at^ how Ml 
ftripping the nmrds of their common meamug^ mud ujtng them-J^mt^u* 
tive/y, you adapt them to your own fituatiouP* Ste b vb ns* 

s — tint lord of weak remembrance ^1 This lord> who, being now 
in his dotage, has outlived his faculty of remembeiings and- whoi 
once laid in the ground, fhail be as little r em anb c red hiflsfelfj 
as he can now remember other dungs. Johitson* 

• hath here almofi perfuaded 

fForhe*s afpirit of perfUaJion, only 

Profeifes to perfuade) the king hit fan* t alkoe % 

'Tit as impQjjible that he's undrown'd. 

At he» that fleeps heet, /wms.] Of thi^cnfttigkd feAttnce I 



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Ssi. r have no hope 
That he's undSrown'd. 

can draw no fenfe from the prefent reading, and therefore imagine^^ 
that die'andior gmre it thus : 

For he, afpirit ofperfuajtott, only 
Profeffes to perfuade ^e king, his fon's alive; 
Of which the meaning maybe either, thati&z almcy nuho is afpirit 
rfper/uafion, profeffis to perfuade the king\ or that. He only prof effet 
ti feifuade, dial is, wtbomt being fo ferfuaded himfelf he makes a* 
fio^ ofperfmding the king. JoH nson. 

The meaning may be — He is a mertf rhetorician, one who. 
piofeflb theartof perfuaiion, and nothing elfe; /. e. he profefles to 
perfoade another to believe that of which he himfelf is not convin- 
ced; he is content to be plauiGble, and has no further aim. So 
(as Mr. Malone obferves) m Troilus and Crejpda: ** — why he'll' 
anfwer nobody, he /fw/5^j not anfwering/' Stbevkns. 

The obfcurity bf this paiTage arifes from a mifconception of the 
word he's, which is not an abbreviation of he is, but of he has i 
and partly from the omiflion of the pronoun *why, before the word 
frofeffes, by a common poetical ellipiis* Supply that deficiency^ 
and the fentence will run thus :*- 

•' Although this lord of weak remembrance 

** hath here almoft perfuadcd 

^ For i&^^tf/ afpirit of perfuafion, *who, only 
*• Profefles to perfuade, the king his fon*s alive;"— 
And die meaning is clearly this. — ^This old lord, though a mere 
dotard, has almoil perfuaded the king that his fon is alive; for he 
if fo willing to believe it, diat any man who undertakes to per- 
ftiade him of it, has the powers of perfuafion, and fucceeds in the 
attempt. 

We find a fimilar eicpreffion in the Firft Part of Henry IF. When 
Poina nndertakea to engage the Prince to make one of the party 
CD Gads-hill, Falftafffays, 

** Well ! may'ft thou bieve thefptrit of perfuafion, and he the eaia 
of profiting! tlut what thou fpesdceft may move, smd what he heart. 
may be bdieved 1" M. Mason. 

The light Mr. M. Mafon's conjeduie has thrown on thit. 
paflage, I mink, enables me to difcover and remedy the defe^ 
in it* 

I cannot help regarding the words — " frofeffes to perfstade*'^^2& 
a mere glofs or paraj^inde on " — he has a fpirit of perfuafion ** 
This explanatory fentence, beinf written in the margin of an ador'9 
partf or playhoufe copy> was afterwards injudicioufly incorporated' 

Fa 



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68 TEMPEST. 

Aif^. O, out of that flo hope. 

What great hope have you ! no hope, that way, \% 
Another way fo high an hope, that even 
Ambition cannot pierce a wink beyond,'' 
But doubts difcovery there. Will you grant, with 

me. 
That Ferdinand is drown'd ? 

with our aathor'a text« Read the padkge (as it now ftands in the text,) 
without thefe words, and nodxing b wanting to its fenfe or metres 

On the contraiy» the infertion of the words I have excluded, by 
lengthening the parenthefis, obfcures the meaning of the fpealcer^ 
and, at the fame time, produces redundancy of meafure. 

Irregularity of metre ought always, to excile fuipicions of omif- 
fion or interpolation. Where fomewhat has been omitted, through 
chance or defign, a line is occafionally formed by the junftion oi 
hemiftichs previouily unfitted to each other. Such a line will na« 
turallv exceed the eftablifhcxl proportion of feet; and when margi- 
nal obfervations are crept Hito the text, they will have juft fucli 
aukward effe^ as I conceive to have been produced by (me of them 
in the prefent inflance. 

** Perhaps (fa^s that excellent fcholar and perspicacious critic 
Mr. Porfon, in his 6th Letter to Archdeacon Travis) yon think it 
an afield and abfurd idea that a marzinal note can ever creep into 
the text : yet 1 hope you dre not fo ignorant as not to know that 
this has aifhially happened, not merely in hundreds or tboufcmds, 
but in millions of places," &c. &c. — 

«* From this known prbpenfity of tranfcribers to turn cveiy 
tiling into the text which they found written in the margin of their 
MSS. or between the lines, (o many interpolations have proceeded, 
that at prefent the fureft canon of criticifm is^ Praferatur le^lia 
brevior.* p. 149. 1 50. 

Though I once exprefled a different opinion, I am now well 
convinced that the metre of Shakfpeare's plays had originally no 
other irregularity than was occafioned by an accidental uie of 
hcmiftichs. When we find the fmootheft feries of lines among our 
earlieft dramatic writers (who could fairly boaft of no other requi- 
fites for poetry) are we to expe^ lefs polilhed verfification m>m 
Shakfpearc? Stebvbns. 

7 a wink beyond,"] That this is the utmoft extent of the 

profped of ambition, the point where the eve can pafs no farther, 
and where obje^ lofe their diftin^efs, fo that what is there dif- 
covered \m faint, obfcure, and doubtful. Johkson. 



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TEMPEST. 69 

Sbb* He's gone. 

Ant. Then, tell me. 

Who's the next heir of Naples ? 

Seb* Claribel. 

Ant. She that is queen of Tunis ; Ihe that dwells 
Ten leagues beyond man's life;' ftie that from 

Naples 
Can have no note,' unlefs the fun were poft, 
(The man i' the moon's too flow,) till new-bora 

chins 
Be rough and razorable; Ihc, from whom* 
We were all fea-fwallow'd, though fome caft again ; * 
And, by that, deftin'd* to perform an adt. 
Whereof what's paft is prologue ; what to come, 

< ^^heyond mans Jtfe;] i. e. at a greater difUnce than the life ef 
nan is long enough to reach. Stsey e N3r 

9 _^ that from Naples 
Can hofve no note, &c.] Note (as Mr. Malone ob&rves) is nom 
tice, or information. 

Shakfpeare's great ienorance of geography is not more confpicu.- 
oas in any inftance than in this, where he fnppofes Tunis and 
Naples to have been at fuch an immeafurable diftance from each 
other. He may, however, be countenanced by Apollonius Rbodius^ 
who fays, that both the Rhone and Po meet in one, and difcharge 
themfdves into the gulph of Venice \ and by JEfcbyhuy who has 
placed the river Eridanus in Spain. Stbevbns. 
. a — Jbe^ from tvbom — ] i. c. in coming from whom. .The old 
copy has— 0ie that from, &c. which cannot be right. The com- 
pofitor's eye probably elanced on a preceding line, **/^ that from 
Naples—.** The emendation was made by Mr. Rowe, Malone. 

^ though fome caft again {] Cafi is here ufed in the fame 

fenfe as in Macbetff, A6t II. fct lii ; *' — though he took my legs 
from me, 1 made a ihift to caft him." Steevens. 

4 And, fy thatf deftin'd— 1 It is a common plea of wickedneft 
to call temptation deftiny. Johnson. 

The late Dr. Mufgrave very reafonably propofed to fubftitute-i. 
deftinV for — deftinj^. As the conftrudhon ot the paiTage is n\adc 
eafier by this flight change, I have adopted it, Stssvbns* 

F 3 



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yp T E M p E S T. 

In yours and my difchatge.^ 

Seb* What ftufF is this ? — How fay you ? 

•Tis true, my brother *s. daughter's queen of Tunis; 
So is fhe heir of Naples ; 'twixt which regions 
There is fome fpace. 

Ant. a fpace whofe every cubit 

Seems to cry out. How Jball that Claribel 
Meafure us back to Naples ? — Keep in Tunis/ 
And let Sebaftian wake! — Say, this were death 
That now hath feiz'd them; why, they* were no 

worfe 
Than now they are : There be, that can rule Naples, 
As wetl as he that fleeps ; lords, that can prate 
As amply, and unneceffarily. 
As this Gonzalo ; I myfelf could make 
A chough' of as deep chat. O, that you bore 
The mind that I do ! what a fleep were this 
For your advancement ! Do you underftand me? 

SlEB. Methinks, I do. 

Ant. And how does your content 

Tender your own good fortune ? 

Seb. I remember. 

You did fupplant your brother Profpero. 

Ant. True : 

' In yours and my Jifcharge.] u e* depends OH what you and I aif 
to perforin. Steevbns. 

» keep in 7»*/f,] There is in this pafl^ a propriety loft^ 

which a ilight alteration will reftore : 

«* Sleep in Tunis 9 

" And let Sthajiian nvake!** JoH NSO N. 

The old reading is fuflficiently explicable. Clarihel (fays he) 
luep nvbere thou art^ and alUnu Sebaftian time to arwaken thofefsnfes bj 
the help ofivhicb he may perceifoe the advantage which nowfrefents 
itfelf. Steevens. 

9 A chough — ] Is a bird of the jack-daw kind. Stistk K8» 
I 



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TEMPEST. ^l 

And^ look^ how ^jt^U mjr garaients fit upon me^ 
Much feater than before : My brother's fervanti 
Were then my fellows, now they are my men. 

Seb. But, for your confcience — 

Asr. Ay, Sir ; where lies that ? if it were a kyhc, 
•Twould put me to my flipper ; But I feel not 
This deity in my bofom : twenty confciences. 
That Hand 'twixt me and Milan, candy'd be ithey. 
And melt, ere they molefti* Here lies yxxir bto^ 

ther. 
No better than the earth he lies upon,' 
If he were that which now he's like; whom I, 
With this obedient fteel, three inches of it, 
Can lay to bed for ever : * whiles yow, doing thu$, 

^ And mtk ere thef mJeft!'] I had rather read—- 

Would melt ere tbej moleft, 
i. e* ^tojenty amfckncesy fucb as fiani hefween me and mj hofet^ 
ibougb they njjere cwrealed, iiuottU melt before tbey could moUft me^ 
or prerent the execution of my purpofes* Johnson. 

Let twenty coniciences be fixft concealed, and then diflblved, 
ere they moleft me, or prevent me mm executing my purpofes. 

Malone. 
If the intei^retadoii of Johnfon and Mdone is juft» andvi cer- 
tainly as intelligible as or\ but I can fee no reafonable meaning in 
this mteipretation* It amounts to nothing more as thus interpreted, 
tiian My am/cience mstjt melt and become fifier tban it is before it mo- 
lefts me\ which is an infipidity unworthy of the Poet. I would 
lead ** Candy 'd be they, or melt;" and the expreffion then has fpirit 
and propriety. Had I fwenty conf deuces, fays Antonio, tbey might 
be bot or cold for me; tbey fSould ma ghve me tbe fmallefi trouble^"^ 
Edinbmrgb Magaxine, Nov. 1786. Stuvsn^. 
9 lio better them the earth he lies upon,'] So, in fulius Cafan 
«* — at Pompey*s bafis lies along, ' 

" No tmrdiier than tbe dift.'* Stbbvbns, 
• If be nvere that *wbicb now he's like; tvb^m /, 
Iritb this obedient fteel, three inches of it. 
Can lay to bed, &c.] The old copy reads-— 

*' If he were that which now tve's like, tbat*s dead; 
<« Whom I with this obedient fteel, three inches of it, 
« Can lay to bed,'* &c. 

F4 



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72 T E M P E S r 

To the perpetual wink for aye * might put 
This ancient morfel,' this fir Prudence, who 
Should not upbraid our courfe. For all the reft. 
They'll take fuggeftion, as a cat laps milk ; ^ 
They'll tell the clock to any bufinefs that 
We fay befits the hour. 

SsB. Thy cafe, dear friend. 

Shall be my precedent ; as thou got'ft Milan, 
I'll come by Naples. Draw thy Avord : one ftrokc 
Shall free thee from the tribute which thou pay'ft ; 
And I the king fhall love thee. 

Ant. Draw together : 

And when I rear my hand, do you the like 
To fall it on Gonzalo. 

Sbb. O, but one word. 

[^Tbey cowverfe apart. 

Mujick. Re-^enter Akiel, invtfible. 

Aki. My mafier through his art forefees the 
danger 
That thefe, his friends, are in; and fends me forthj 



The words— ** that's dead" (as Dr. Farmer obferves to me) are 
evidently a glofs, or marginal note, which had foand its way into 
the text. Such a fopplement is ufdeft to the (beaker's meaning, 
and one of the vertes becomes redundant by its infertion* 

Stbbvbns. 

• i.-^y^ aye ] i. e. for ever. So, in K. Lear : 

** 1 am come 

*' To bid my king and mailer tfy^ good night." Stebyens. 

^ This ancieut morfel,] For morfel Dr. Waiburton reads-^^-ffffrnwl 
woraU ycry elegantly and judicioufly ; yet I know not whether the 
author might not write maife/, as we lay a fiece of a man. Joh nso n» 

So» in Mea/urefor Meafure : 

•• How doth my dear mrfil, thy miftrcfs?" Stbevbns, 

4 m-^^^^iake fuggeftion,] i. e. Receive any hint of villainy. 

JOHNSOF* 



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TEMPEST. 73 

f For clfc his projedt dies,) to keep them living.* 

^Sings in Gonzalo*s ear» 

They*!! take faggeftion, as a cat laps miH ;] That is, will adopt* 
and bear witnefs to, any tale you fhall invent ; you may fubom 
them as evidences to clear you from all fufpidon of having mur« 
thered the king. A fimilar fignification occurs in The Ttuo Getsm 
tleman of Verona : 

". Love bad me fwear, and love bids me forfwear: 

*♦ O {wcet/uigefttjig love, if thou haft firni'd, 

" Teach me, thy tempted fubjed, to excufe it." Hbnlbt* 
9 ^^to keep them !n/ing,'\ Bv them, as the text now ftands, Gon« 
oalo and Alonfo muft be underftood. Dr. Johnfon objedls very 
jdtihjr to this pafTa^. '* As it ftands, fays he, at prefent, tli^ 
fenfe is this, tie Scsyour daneer, and will therefore fave them." 
He therefore would read — *' That the/e his friends are in." 

The confufion has, I think, arifen from the omiflion of a iingle 
letter, Our author, I believe, wrote — 

*• , , and fends me forth, 

•* For dfe his projedb die?, to keep them living." 
I. e, he has fent me forth, to keep his proje^ alive, which elfe 
would be deftroyed by the murder of his friend Gonzalo. — ^Thc 
oppoiition between the life and death of a projed appears to me much 
in Shakfpeare's manner. So, in Much ado about nothing: '* What 
!i/h is in that, to be the death of this marriage ?"— The plural noun 
joined to ^ verb in the fineular number, is to be met wiw in almoft 
every page of the firft tolio. So, to confine myfelf to the play 
before us, edit. 1625: 

" My old hones akes.'* 
Again, sbtd: 

'* —At this hour 

*' Z/WatmymercyallmyM^/«/<r/." 
Agab, ihid: 

. ** His /^ar/ rKfff down his beard-'." 
Again: 

•* "What cares thefe roarers for the name of kine." 
It was the common language of the time ; and ou^ht to be corrected, 
as indeed it generally has been in the modem editions of our author^ 
by changing the number of the verb. Thus, in the prefent inftanca 
we fhould read — For elfe his projed/ die, &c. Ma lone. 

I have received Dr. Johnfon 's amendment. Ariel, finding that 
Pro(pero was equally folicitous for the prefervation of Alonfo and 
Gonzalo, very naturally ftyles them both Ids friends, without ad- 
verting to the guilt of the former. Toward the fuccefs of Ptpfi- 
pero's defignj their lives were alike neceflary* 



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While you here dofnoripg lie^ 
Open-refd con/piracy 

His time dotb take : 
If of life you keep care^ 
Shake qfJJumier, and beware: 

Awake ! awake I 

Asr. Then let us both be fudden. 

GoN. Now, good aiigels, preferve the king ! 

\ftbey wake. 

Alon. Why, how now, ho! awake I Why arc 
you drawn?* 
Wherefore this ghaftly looking ? 

GoN. What's the matter ? 

See. Whiles we flood hei« fecuring yourrepofe. 
Even now, we heard a hollow burft of bellowing 
Like bulls, or rather lions ; did it not wake you? 
It ftruck mine car moft terribly. 

Alon. I heard nothing. 

Ant. O, 'twas a din to fright a monfter '8 ear; 
To make an earthquake ! fure, it was the -roar 
Of a w^hole herd of lions. 

Alon. Heard you this, Gonzalo ? 

GoN* Upon mine honour, lir, I heard a humming. 
And that a flrange one too, which did awake me : 

Mr. Henley Tays that " By them are meant Sehaftian and Antonk. 
The projeft of Profpcro, which <iepended upon Ariel's keefjng them 
alruff may be feen, A^ III." 

The fong of Ariel, however, fufficiently points out which were 
the immediate objedls of his protedion. He cannot be fuppofed to 
have any reference to what happens in the laft fcene of the next AdL 

Stbevbus. 

* drafwuf] Having your fwords drawn. So, vnRomH 

and Juliet : 

'' What, art thou drtmjon^sDWi^ thefe heartleis hinds V* 

jOHNSOjr. 



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TEMPEST. 75 

I ihak'4 you, ^Ks and -ciy* d ; as mine eyes opened, 
I faw their ;wea|K>ns dmwn : — there was a noife^ 
That's verity : 'Beft Jftand upon our guard ;' 
Or that we quit this place : let's draw our weapons 

Alov. Lead off this ground ; and let's make 
further fearch 
For my poor fon. 

GoN. Heavens keep him from thefe beafts ! 
For he is, fure, i*therfland. 

Alon. Lead away. 

Aru Prolpero my lord Ihall know what I have 

done : [Afide. 

Soj kii^j go fafely on to feek thy fon. [kxeunt, 

S C E N E n. 

Another part of the ijland. 

Enter Caliban, with a burden of wood. 

A noife of thunder heard. 

Cal. All the infedions that the fun fucks up 
From bogs, fens, flats, on Profper fall, and make 

him 
By inch-meal a difeafe ! His fpirits hear me. 
And yet I needs muft curfe. But they'll nor pinch. 
Fright me with urchin fhows, pitch me i' the -mire, 

' That^s verity: *Beft ftani upm cur guard{\ The old copy 
leads — 

" That's 'verity : *Tis bcft nve ftand upon our «iard." Mr. Pope 
•Tcty properly changed <verity to ^virity: and as the verfe would be 
too long by a foot, if the words *tis and nve were .retained, I have 
difcardcd them in favoor of an dlipltcal phrafe which occurs in 
oar ancient comedies, A8W€UasinoQr£ndK>r'sCyiRri^//>r^» A^IIL 
ic^iii : ** 'Bcft diawmy Tword;'' L e. ir fwire beft to draw it. 

S»TJ£SV.BKS* 



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76 TEMPEST. 

Nor lead me, like a fire-brand, in the dark 
Out of my way, unlefs he bid them ; but 
For every trifle are they fet upon me : 
Sometime like apes, that moe ^ and chatter at me. 
And after, bite me ; then like hedge-hogs, which 
Lie tumbling in my bare-foot way, and mount 
Their pricks * at my foot-fall ; fpmetime am I 
AH wound with adders,^ who, with cloven tongues^ 
Do hifs me into madnefs : — Lo ! now ! lo ! 

Enter TRiNcuto, 

Here comes a fpirit of his ; and to torment me, 
Por bringing wood in flowly : 1*11 fall flat ; 
Perchance, he will not mind me. 

^RiN. Here's neither bufh nor (hrub, to bear oflT 
any weather at all, and another fl:orm brewing ; I 
hear it fing i' the wind : yond' fame black cloud, 
yond' huge one, looks like a foul bumbard * that 

7 that moe, &c.] i. e. make months* So, in the old ver- 

fion of the Piahns: 

** making moes at me." 

Again, in the Myftcry oi CandUnuu-Day^ i^iii 

*• And make them to \y^ and mowe like an ape,'* 
Again, in Sidney's Arcadia^ Book III : 

** Ape ^rcat thing gave, though he did momsing ftand, 
•* THic mftrument of intbuments, the hand/' Stee vb ns. 
So, in Nafhc's Apologie of fierce Penniie/s, 1503 : 

" — found nobody at home but an ape, tnat fate in the porch 
and made mops and OTtfoui at him*" Malone. 
• ^^/r pricks——] i. e. prickles, Stesvbks, 

9 wound <witb adders ^^ Enwrapped by adders nfieamd Of 

twifted about me. Johnson. 

a — looh like afetd bumbard — ] TTiis term again occurs in The 
Firft Part of Henry IF. «* — that fwoln pared of dropfies, that hu^ 
bumbard of fack — '* And again, in Henry VIIL ** And here you he 
baiting of bumbards^ when ye ihonld do fervice.** By thcfe feveral 
paifages, 'tis plain, the word meant a large veflel for holding 
drink, as well as the piece of ordnance fo called, Theobald, 



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TEMPEST* 77 

iRTould ihed his liquor. If it fhould thunder^ 
as it did before, I know not where to hide mjr 
head : yond* fame cloud cannot choofe but fall hy 

Kilfuls. — What have we here ? a man or a fifli ? 
»d or alive? Afifli: he fmells like a fifli ; a very 
ancient and fifli-like fmell ; a kind of, not of the 
neweft. Poor- John. A ftrange fifh! Were I in 
England now (as once I was), and had but this 
fifh painted,' not a holiday fool there but would 
give a piece of filver :. there would this monfter 

Ben Jonfon, in liis Majque ofJu^urs^ coAfcrms the conjeSure of 
ThcobsJd*— ** The poor cattle yonder are paifing away the time 
with a cheat loaf, and a humbard of broken beer." 

So, again in The Martyr* d Soldier ^ by Shirley, 1638 : 
'' His boots as wide as the black-jacks, 
" Or ^«rnr^0rir, tofs'd by the king's guards/' - 
And it appears from a paifage in Ben Jonfon's Mafqueoft&oi Reftot^J^ 
that a bwabard^moH was one who carried about provifions. ■* I am 
toj^ver into the butterv fo many firkins of aurum fotabiU^ as it 
dwvers out bombards of bouge," &c. 

Again, in Decker's Match nu in London, 1651 : 

** Yon are afcended up to what yoa are, from the black-jack 
to the bumbard difHIlation." Stbsvb ns. 

Mr. Upton wonld itsA^-^full bombard. See a note on—'* X 
Aaak the Gods, I vrnfml-;* As you. like it, Aa III. fc. iii. 

Malonk. 

) -^- this fijh fainted^ To exhibit fifhes, dther real or imaginary, 
was very common about the time of our author. So, in Jafper 
Maine's comedy of the City Match: 

*« Enter Bright, &c. handng out the piAurc of zfirangefifi.'* 

« This is the SUtifJh now 

** That he hath Ihewn thus.'* 

It appears, from the books at Stationers' Hall, that in 1 604 wat 
pablilhed, *' A llrange reporte of a monftrous^, that appeared 
in the form of a woman from her waift upward, feene in the fea." 

So likewiie in Churchyard's Frayfe and Reporte ofMaifier Martyue 
torboijher^t Voyage to Meta Incognita, &c. bl. 1. i2mo. 1578* 
•• And marchyng backe, they found a ftraunge Ftjh dead, that 
had been cafte from the fea on the fhore, who had a boane in his 
head like an Unicome, whiche they brought awaye and prefented 
toooff Prince, wbien tbei came home." Stisvkns. 



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78. T EM best: 

make a imn ;> aity ffrange beaft thene makes' m 
man : whew they wiU not give a doit to relieve ap 
hme beggar, they will lay out ten to fee a deadi 
bidiam^ Legg*d like a man ! and his fins like- 
arms ! Wami> o* my troth ! I do now let loofe my- 
opinion,^ hold it no longer ; this is no fi(h, but an* 
iflander, that hadi lately fuffer'd by a thunder-bolt.. 
\T^nder.'\ Alas ! the ftorm is come again : my belt 
way is to creep under his gaberdine;^ there is na 

4 I., make a man ;] That is« make a man's fortune* So, in jf 
Kfid/ummer NiMs Dream: ** — we arc all wa^ ««»." Joavsoir. 

AgaiUj in Ram'^llev, or Meny Tricks, 1 6i I : 
<« She's a wench 

** Was bom to make us all." Stbevbns. 

s a i^^ Indian.] In a fuU^ueiit fpeech of Stn>hanOf we 

have: ** — {zvzigB^txAmen of Inde*" m Lyves Labour* s Loft, " — a 
rude and fava^ man ofImU\** and in AT. Uemy VIIL the porter 
a&s the mob, if they think ** fome ftrange Indian, Sec. is come 
to court." Perha^ all thefe pafikges allude to the Indiana brought? 
home by Sir Martin Frobilher. 

Queen Elizabeth's original inftfoAians to Urn (MS* now before 
me) " concerning his voyage to Catfaaia/' &c. contain the Mow- 
ing article : 

** You (hall not bring abooe lit or iiii perfons of that countiey^ 
the which (hall be of diuers ages, and (hall be taken in fuch fort a» 
you may beft avoyde ofience of that people. "^ 

In the year 1 577, " A defcription of the portrwrture and Ihape of 
diofe ftrange kinde of people wnich the wurthie Mr. Martin Four« 
bofier brought into Kneland in A^. 1576/' was entered on the 
books of the Stationers' Company. 




^_- - aj^tiuitie, tor very c 

ler and difaain he bit his tong in twaine within his mouth : not* 
withftanding, he died not thereof, but liurd untill he came in Eng-^ 
lande, tsAtben be died of colde yA\\^ he had taken at fea." 

STEBV&Nt* 

* let loofe my opinion, &c.] So, in Lvve*s Lahonr^s Lifi : 

" —— Now yon wUi be my purgation, Bodlet me /oofe»" 

Stsbvbns* 

9 '^-^bit gsdberdine;] A gaberdim it properly the couA fkodB 



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TEMPEST. 7^ 

<>cher flieker hereabout : Miiery ac^quaints a' man 
with Grange bedfellows : I will here Ihroud, till 
the dregs of the ftorm be paft. 

Enter Stephano, ftnging ; a bottle in his hand. 

St£, Ifixill no more tojea^ tojea^ 

Herefiall I dye a-^fljore ; — 

This is a very fcurvytunc to fingat a man's funeral: 
Well, here's my comfort* {Brinks. 

^emafter^ thefwabber, the boat/wain, and /, 

The gunner, and bis mate, 
Lov*d Mall, Meg, and Marian, and Margery, 

But none of us ear* d for Kate : 

Forftie bad a tongue with a tang, 

Woitld cry to afailoTy Go, hang : 
She lov*d not the favour of tar nor of pitch, 
Tet a tailor might f cratch her where^e*erjbe did itch : 

Tbentofea, boys, and let her go bang. 

This is a fcurvy tune too : But here's my comfort. 

{Drinks. 
Cal. Do not torment me : O ! 

Stb. What's the matter ? Have we devils here ? 
Do you put tricks upon us with favages^ and meit 
oflnde? Ha! I have not'fcap'd drowning, to be 
afeard now of your four legs ; for it hath been faid, 

Of outward garmoitof a peafftnt, Spanifli Gaberiina. St>, in Look 
iAnttyou^ 1600': 

" rn conjure hi* jfffiwi^//' 

TbtgaBcrditte is ftill worn by the peafants in Saflex. Steevsn^* 

It h^i^ however means, I believe, a loofe felt cloak. Minfhea 

kr hbDiCT. i6i7> calb it ** a rough Irifh mantle, or hoifcman'» 

^ coat. Gabon, Span, and Fr. — Lsena, i. e. veftis qua iuper cajtcra 

' veftiiQentia imponebatar."^ See a^ Qotgnert*^ Di ct« Lol v« gab)m, 

waiigaileverdine. Malonb* 



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8o TEMPEST. 

As proper a man as ever went on four legs, Cannot 
make him give ground : and it (hall be faid fo 
again^ while Stephanp breathes at noftrils. 

Cal. The fpirit torments me : O ! 

Ste. This is fomc monfter of the ifle, with four 
legs ; who hath got, as I take it, an ague : Where 
the devil Ihould he learn our language ? I will give 
him fome relief, if it be but for that : If I can re- 
cover him, and keep him tame, and get to Naples 
with him, he's a prefent for any emperor that ever 
trod on neat's-leathen 

Cal. Do not torment me, pr'ythee i 
I'll bring my wood home fafter. 

Ste. He's in his fit now ; and does not talk after 
the wifeft. He (hall tafte of my bottle : if he have 
never drunk wine afore, it will go near to remove 
his fit : if I can recover him, and keep him tame, I 
will not take too much ^ for him; he fhall pay for 
him that hath him, and that foundly. 

Cal. Thou doft me yet but little hurt; thou wilt 
Anon, I know it by thy trembling ;* 

• — too much— ] foo tmuh tDSiXD&, anyfum^ ever fo much. 

So, in the Letters from the Fafttm Family y Vol. II, p. 219 : 
'* And vc be bcholdyng unto my Lady for hyr good wurdc, tot 
fche hatn never pce^fyd yowe to much'* i. e, though fhe has piaifed 
you much> her praife is not above vour merit. 

It has, however, been obfcrved to me, that when the vul|;ar 
mean to afk an extrava|;ant price for an^ thmg, they fay, with » 
laugh, I won't make hixnpay twice for it. This fen(e fufficiently 
> accommodates itfelf to Trinculo's exprefHon. Mr. M. Mafoa 
explains the paifage differently.-^^ I wiU not take for him even 
more than he is worth.'' Stbb vb ns. 

I think the meaning is. Let me take what fum I will, however 
great, I Jbdll not take too much for him: it is impoffible for me to 
fell him too dear. Ma lone. 

9 -«— / knvw it by thy trembling:] This trtmor is always 



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TEMPEST. 81 

Now Profper works upon thee. 

Stb. Come on your ways j open your mouth j 
here is that which will give language to you, cat ; * 
open your mouth : this will fhake your fhaking, I 
can tell you, and that foundly: you cannot tell 
who's your friend ; open your chaps again. 

Trin. I fhould know that voice : It fhould be — 
But he is drown'd ; and thefe are devils : O ! de- 
fend me ! — 

Srs. Four legs, and two voices ; a moft delicate 
monfter! His forward voice' how is to fpeak well 
of his friend; his backward voice is to utter foul 
fpeeches, and to detradt. If all the wine in my 
bottle will recover him, I will help his ague: 

Come, Amen ! ^ 1 will pour fome in thy other 

mouth. 

Trin. Stephano, — 

Ste. Doth thy other mouth call me? Mercy! 
mercy! This is a devil, and no monfter: I will 
leave him; I have no long fpoon.* 

RpreTented as the effedt of being poflefs'd by the devU. So, in 
the Comedy of Errors : 

" Matk how he trembles in his cxtacy!" Stee v e ns. . 

« cat;^ AUttding to an old proverb, that good liquor ijjiU 

make a cat/peak* Stbbvens. 

* His firward tfoices &c.] The perfon of Fame was anciently 
described in this manner. So, in Petulope^s Weh^ by Greene, 
1601 : " Fame hath two faces, readie as well to back-bite as to 
flatter." Stebvens. 

4 AmiH /] Means, ftop your draught : come to a conclufion. 

1 will foser fame. Sec. Stbbvbks* 

^ / have no ioHg/poonJ] Alluding to the proverb, A longffoon to 
eM fwitb the deviL Stbbvb ns. 

Sec Comedy of Errors^ A&, IV. fc« iii* and Chaucer's Squter*i 
Tale, 1 09 1 6 ot the late edit. 

** Therefore behoveth him a full long (pone, 

•• That Ihall etc with a fend." Tybwhitt. 

Vol. III. G 



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8a TEMPEST. 

Trin. Stephanol— if thou beeft Stephano^ touch 
me, and fpeak to me; for I am Trinculo;— be not 
afeard, — thy good friend Trinculo. 

Sru. If thou beeft Trinculo, come forth; Til 
pull thee by the Icfler legs : if any be Trinculo*s 
legs, thefe are they. Thou art very Trinculo, 
indeed: How cam'ft thou to be the ficge of this 
moon-calf?^ Can he vent Trinculos? 

Trin. I took him to be kill'd with a thunder* 
ftroke: — But art thou not drown'd^ Stephano? I 
hope now, thou art not drown'd. Is the ftorm 
over-blown ? I hid me under the dead moon-^alf $ 
gaberdine, for fear of the ftorm : And art thou 
living, Stephano? O Stephano^ two Neapolitans 
'fcap'd ! 

SrE. Pr'ythee, do not turn me about; my fto^ 
mach is not conftant. 

Cal. Thefe be fine things^ an if they be not 
fprites. 
That*s a brave god, and bears celeftial liquor : 
I will kneel to him. 

SrE. How did'ft thou "fcape ? How cam'ft thou 
hither ? fwear by this bottle, how thou cam'ft hi- 
ther. I efcap'd upon a butt of fack, which the 
failors heav'd over-board, by this bottle ! which I 
made of the bark of a tre<, with mine own hands^ 
iince I was caft a-ihore. 



. * — to be the fiege of this inooii*calf ?! Sk^ fignifief^^oo/ia every 
Cenfe of the word, and is here ufed in the dirtieft. 

So, in Holinfhed, p. 705 : '< In this yeare alfo» a houfe on 
London-bridge, called the common ^if^r, or privie, fell dowi\e 
into the Thames." 

A moon-calf \& an inanimate (hapelefs mafs, fiippofed by PKny 
to be engendered of woman only. See his Nat. Hin» b. x. ch. 64. 

Stsxtisis* 



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TEMPEST. 83 

Cal. I'll fwear, upon that bottle, to be thy 
True fubjcdt 5 for the liquor is not earthly. 

SrR. Here J fwear then how thou efcap*dft/ 

Trin. Swam a-fhorc, man, like a duck ; I can 
fwim ' like a duck. Til be fworn. 

Ste. Here, kifs the book : Though thou canft 
fwim like a duck, thou art made like a goofe. 

Trin. O Stephano, haft any more of this ? 

SrE. The whole butt, man ; my cellar h in A 
rock by the fea-fide, where my wine is hid. How 
now, moon-calf? how does thine ague ? 

Cal. Haft thou not dropp'd from heaven ? * 

SrE. Ottt o' the moon, I do aflure thee : I ivas 
the man in the moon, when time was. 

Cal. I have feen thee in her, and I do adore 

thee: 
^y miftrefs ftiew*d me thee, thydog^ andbufli.' 

^ Cal. ni fwear ^ upon that battle^ to bt tbj 
Truefuhjea^ &C. 
Ste. Here \/toearfh^h^iin thou if cap* ijt.'l The paflage fhoold 
probably be printed thus : 

Ste. [to Ctf/.] Here, fwear then, [to Tr/>f.] How efcap'dft 
thoa? 

The fpeakcr would naturally take notice of Caliban's proflfcred 
allegiance, Befides, he bids Trinculo kifs the book after he hat 
anfwered the queftion; a fufficient proof of the re^tude of th» 
propofed arrangement. Ritson. 

' I canf<wim — ] I believe Trmculo is fpeaking of Caliban, 
and that we Ihould read — •« 'a can fwim," &c. Sec the nexf 
(peechb M-ALONB. 

• Hafi thou not dropped frtm hewvenf} The new^fcovered In* 
dians of die ifland of St« Salvador, alked, by figns, whether Co- 
Iambus and his companions ^uaere not come do-wa from heerven^ 

TOLLIT. 

9 My miftrefsjhew'dme thee, thy dog^ and bttjh.'] The old copy, 
which exhibits .dot and feveral pitcedbg fpeoches of Caliban as 

G 2. 



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84 TEMPEST* 

Str. Come, fwear to that; kifs the book: t 
will furnifti it anon with new contents : fwear. 

Trin. By this good light, this is a very (hallow 
monfter : — I afeard of him ? — a very weak mon- 
Iter : * — The man i* the moon ? — a moft poor cre- 
dulous monfter: — Well drawn, monfter, in good 
footh. 

CjL. ril ftiew thee every fertile inch o* the 
ifland ; 
And kifs thy foot : I pr'ythec, be my god J 

Trin. By this light, a moft perfidious and 
drunken monfter; when his god's alleep, he'll rob 
his bottle. 

CjL. rU kifs thy foot : PU fwear myfelf thy 
fubjeft. 

SrE. Come on then ; down, and fwear. 

Trin. I fliall laugh myfelf to death at this pup- 
py-headed monfter: A moft fcurvy monfter! I 
could find in my heart to beat him, — 

Ste. Come, kifs. 

Trin. — ^butthat the poor monfter 's in drink; 
An abominable monfter ! 

Cjl. I'll ftiew thee the beft fpringsj I'll pluck 
thee berriesj 

profc (though it be apparent they were dcfigncd for vcrfe,) reads-— 
«« My miftrcfs (hcw'd me thee, anJ thy dog and thj bufli." 
Let the editor who laments the lofs of the words— <»m/ and thj^ 
compoie their elegy. Stee v ens. 

* / afeard of him? — a 'very nveak monfter^ &c.] It is to be ob- 
ferved, that Trinculo the fpodcer is not charged with being afraid; 
but it was his confcioufnefs that he was fo that drew this brag fit>ai 
him. Thisis nature. Warbueton. 

* And kifs thy foot: I pry thee ie my god.] The old copy icdon* 
dantly reads: 

" And / w/// kifs thy foot," &c. Ritson» 



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TEMPEST- 8s 

I'll fiih for thee, and get thee wood enough. 
A plague upon the tyrant that I ferve ! 
ril bear him no more fticks, but follow thee. 
Thou wond*rous man. 

Trin. a moft ridiculous monfter; to make a 
wonder of a poor drunkard, 

Cjl. I pry'thee, let me bring thee where crabs 
grow ; 
And I with my long nails will dig thee pig-nuts ; 
Shew thee a jay's neft, and inftruft thee how 
To fnare the nimble marmozet; I'll bring thee 
To cluft*ring filbcrds, and fometimes I'll get thee 
Young fea-mells ^ from the rock : Wilt thou go 
with me ? 

4 — fta^melh — ] This word has puzzled the commentators : Dr. 
Warburton nstds JHfamois ; Mr. Theobald would read an)r thing 
rather thzn /ea-me/is, Mr. Holt, who wrote notes upon this play, 
obferves, that limpets are in fome places called/cam, and there* 
jbre I*had once fufiered /camels to ftand. Johnson. 

Theobald had very reafonably propofed to Tead/ra-malls, or 
fia-mells. An e, by thefe carelefs printers, was eafily chaneed 
into a r, and from \h\» accident, I believe, all the difficulty ariles, 
the word having been fpelt by the tranfcriber,y^tfi;»^/j. WillouMy 
mentions the bird as Theobald has informed us. Had Mr. Holt 
jold us in what part of England limpets are called y^/zwj, more 
re^d would have been paid to his aiTertion. 

1 fhould fuppofe, at all events, a bird to have been defien'd, as 
young and oldfijh are taken with equal facility ; \>\)X. young birds are 
more eafily furprifcd than old ones* Bcfidcs, Caliban had already 

!>roffered to^^ for Trinculo. In Cavcndifh's fecond voyage, the 
ailors eat young gulls at the ifle of Penguins. Stebvens. 
I have no doubt but Theobald's propofed amendment ought to 
' be yeceived. Sir Jofeph Banks informs me, that in Willoughby 's, 
or rather John Ray's Ornithology, p. 34, No. 3, is mentioned the 
common fca mall, Larus cinereus minor ; and that young fca gulls have 
been eftecmed a delicate food in this country, we learn from Plott, 
who, in his Hiftory of Staffbrdihire, p. 231, gives an Account of 
the mode of taking a fpecies of eulls called in that country pewits, 
with a plate annexed, at the end of which he writes, " they being 
Accounted a good difh at die moil plentiful tables." To this it 

G3 



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S6 TEMPEST, 

Ste. I pr'ythee now, lead the way, without any 
more talking, — Trinculo, the king and all our 
company elfe being drown*d, we will inherit here.—* 
Here ; bear my bottle. Fellow Trinculo, we'll fiU 
him by and by again* 

Cal. Farewell mafter ; farewell^ farewell. 

[Sings drunkenly. 

Trin. a howling monfter; a drunken monfter. 
Cal. No more dams Pll puAe/orJiJi j 
Nor fetch in firing 
At requiring^ 
Nor f crape trenchering^ nor wq/h difh\ 
'Ban 'Ban, Ca^Caliban,^ 
Has a new mafter — Get a new man? 
Freedom, hey-day ! hey-day, freedom ! freedom, 
hey-day, freedom! 
SrE. O brave monfter ! lead the way. Exeunt. 

may be added^ that Sir Robert Sibbald in his Ancient State of the 
Shire of Ftfcy mentions, amongft fowls which frequent a iieifi;h* 
bouring iifand, feveral ibrts of fea-maUs^ and one in particular^ 
the katie^ake^ a fowl of the Lanu or mall kind^ of the bignefs of 
an ordinaiy pigeon, which fome hold, fays he, to be as favoury 
and as good meat as a partridge is. Re b d. 

* Nor fcrape trenchering^ In our author's time trenchers 
were in general ufe ; and male domefticks were fometimes em- 
ployed in cleanfing them. *' I have helped (fays Lilly in his 
Hihory of bis Life and Times ^ ad an. 1620), to carry eighteen 
tubs of water in one morning; — all manner of drudgery 1 will- 
ingly ^ifoTmcd; fcrafe-trenchers," &c. Ma lone. 

* 'Ban, 'Ban, Ca — Caliban,] Perhaps our author remembered 
a fong of Sir P. Sidney's : 

*♦ Da, da, da — Daridan.*' 

Aftrophel and Stella, fol. 1 627. Malone, 

7 — Qet a nemi man.] When Caliban fings this laft part of his 

ditty, he mud be fuppofed to turn his head fcorafuily toward 

the cell of Proipero, whofe fervice he had deferted. Stebvens^ 



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TEMPEST*. Sy 

ACT III. SCENE I. 
Before Profpero's CelL 

Enter Firdinand, bearing a log. 

Fer. There be fome fports are painful ; but 
their labour 
Delight in them fets off: * fome kinds of bafenefs 
Arc nobly undergone ; and nwft poor matters 
Point to rich ends. This my mean talk would be ♦ 

• There he /ome/ports are yi^foii h(aX their Wkkki 
Delieht in them fets qff:^ 

Molliter aufleram ftadio fallente kborem. Hor. fat. 2 . lib. \u 
The old copy reads : ** -^ tf»^ their labour," &€• Steevbns. 
We have again the fame thought in Macheth : 

** The labour we delight iti phyficka /«7/>, '* 
After " and," at the fame time muft be anderftood* Mr. Pope, 
Bnneceflirily, reads — " But their labour—," which has been fol- 
lowed by the fubfequent editors. 

In like manner lA Coriolanus^ A61 IV. the fame change was 
made by him. <' I am a Rotftan, ami(u e. andjv/) my fervicci 
arc, as you are, againft them." Mr. Pope reads—" I am a Ro- 
man, hut my fervices," &c. Malonb. 

I prefer Mr. Pope's emendation, which is juitified by the follow* 
ing pailage in the fame fpeech : 

** This my mean talk would be 

*' As heavy to me as 'tis odious ; but 
" The miftrefs that I ferve," &c. 
It IS farely better to change a fingle word, than to countenance 
one corruption by another, or fuppofe that four words, necefTary 
to produce fenfe, were left to be underftood, Steevens. 

9 This my meant ajk would be — ] The metre of this line is defediv* 
in the old copy, by the words 'would be being transferred to tht 
next line. Our author and his contemporaries generally ufe odious 
as a trifyltable. M a lo n b. 

Mr. Malone prints the pailage as follows : 

c€ qy^^ ^ mean tajk *would be 

** As heanjy to me, at odious ; but — " 
Tbc word odious f as he obfcrves, is fometimes ufed as a trifylla- 



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88 TEMPEST. 

As heavy fo mc, as *tis odious ; but 
The miftrefs, which I ferve, quickens what's dead^ 
And makes my labours pleafures : O, (he is 
Ten times more gentle, than her father's crabbed ; 
And he's composed of harflinefs. I muft remove 
Some thoufands of thefe logs, and pile them up. 
Upon a fore injundlion : My fweet miftrefs 
Weeps when Ihe fees me work; and fays, fuch 

bafenefs 
Had ne'er like executor. I forget : * 
But thefe fweet thoughts do even refrefh my labours j 
Moft bufy-lefs, when I do it.^ 

Enter Miranda; and Prospero at a diftance. 

Mir J. /'x", 'low! pray you. 

Work not fo hard : I would, the lightning had 
Burnt up thofe logs, that you are enioin'd to pile ! 
Pray, fet it down, and reft you : when this burns, 
'Twill weep for having weary'd you : My father 
Is hard at ftudy ; pray now, reft yourfelf j 
He's fafe for thefe three hours. 



blc. — Granted ; but then it is airways with the penult. Jhort, The 
metre, therefore, as regulated by him, would ftill be defedive. 

By the advice of 6r, Farmer, I have fupply'd the neceflary 
monofyllable — '//>; which completes the raeafure, without the 
flighted change of fenfe. Steevens. 

* — I forget :] Perhaps Ferdinand means to fay — ^I forget my tq/k ; 
but that is not/urprifing, for I am thinking on Miranda^ andthtf'C 
fweet thoughts, &c. He may however mean, that he forgets or 
thinks little of the bafenefs of his employment. Whichfoever be the 
fenfe. And, or For, ihould fcem more proper in the next line, 
than But. Malone. 

3 Moft bufy-/^, nuhen I do //.] The two firft folios read: 
" Mofi bufy\^, ivhen I do it." 
»Tis true this readin? is corrupt ; but the corruption is fo very 
little removed from we truth of the text, that I cannot afibrd to 
think well of my own fagacity for having difcovcred it. 

Theobald, 



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TEMPEST. 89 

Fbr* O n^oft <Jcar miftrefs^ 

The fun will fet, before I ftiall difcharge 
What I muft ftrivc to do. 

MiRA. If you'll fit down« 

lil bear your logs the while : Pray, give me that ; 
I'll carry it to the pile. 

Per. No, precious creature : 

I had rather crack my finews, break my back. 
Than you ihould fuch difhonour undergo. 
While I fit lazy by. 

MiRjt. It would become me 

As well as it does you : and I fhould do it 
With much more eafe ; for my good will is to it. 
And yours againft.* 

Pro. Poor worm ! thou art infefted j 

This vifitation fliews it. 

MiRj. You look wearily. 

Per. No, noble miftrefs; 'tis frefli morning 
with me. 
When you are by at night.* I do befeech you, 
(Chiefly, that I might fet it in my prayers,) 
What is your name? 

Mir J. Miranda : — ^O my father, 

I have broke your heft * to fay fo ! 

♦ And ymrs agamft.'\ The old copy reads — 
«« And yours it is againft." By the advice of Dr. Farmer I 
have omitttd the words in Italicks^ as they are needlefs to the 
fenfe of the paiTage, and would have rendered the hemiilieh too 
long to join with its fucceflbr in making a regular verfe. Stkk vb m s. 
5 — 'iisfirjh morning ivitk me. 
When you are hy at night.] 

Tu mihi curarum requies> tu no3e vd atra 
Lumen — 

Tibul. Lib* iv. EL xiii. Malonb. 
ft — .i&^_] For beheft\ i. e. command. So before. Aft L fc. ii; 
" Refofing her grand hffts " Steevens, 



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90 TEMPEST^ 

Fea. Admir'd Miranda ! 

Indeed^ the top of admirations worth 
What's deareft to the world ! Full many a lady 
I have ey'd with beft regard ; and many a time 
The harmony of their tongues hath into bond^ige 
Brought my too diligent ear: for feveral virtues 
Have I lik'd feveral women; never any 
With fo full foul, but fome defedl in her 
Did quarrel with the nobleft grace (he ow'd. 
And put it to the foil : But you, O you. 
So perfedl, and fo peerlefs, are created 
Of every creature's bcft.^ 

MiRA. 1 do not know 

One of my fex ; no woman's face remember. 
Save, from my glafs, mine own ; nor have I feen 
More that I may call men, than you, good friend^ 
And my dear father : how features are abroad, 
I am fkill-lefs of; but, by my modefty, 
(The jewel in my dower, ) I would not wifh 
Any companion in the world but you ; 

' Ofetvety creature's heft.'] AHuding to the piftuw o( Veniil 
by Apelles. Johnson. 

Had Shakijpcafc availed bimftlf of this elegant circiiiiiftance» 
he would fcarccly have feid, *' of every creature's beft," becauft 
fuch a phrafe includes the component parts of the brute creation. 
Had he been thinking on the judicious feledion made by the Gre- 
cian Artift^ he would nther have cxpreflcd his meaning W '* every 
nvoman's" or ** every beauty s beft/' Perhaps he bad only in 
his thouriits a fable related by Sir Philip Sidney in the third 
book of nis Arcadia. The beafts obtained permiAoii frdm Jupticr 
to make themfelves a Kii^; and accordingly cxeated 986 •/ every 
Creature's beft : 

** Full elad they were, and tooke the naked fprite» 

'* Which ftraight the earth yclothed in his clay : 
*' The Lyon heart ; the Ounce gave aftive might j 

*' The horfe go<>d fhape^ the Sparrow luil to play ; 

** Nightingale voice» entifing iongs to fay» &c. &c. 

** Thus aM» was made; thus )9Mm theb lord became." 

Stbbvbni, 



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TEMPEST. 9r 

Nor can imagination form a fhape^ 
Befides yourfelf, to like of: But I prattle 
Something too wildly, and my father's precept^ 
Therein forget.' 

Fbr. I am, in my condition, 

A prince, Miranda; I do think, a kingi 
(I would, not fo !) and would no more endure 
This wooden flayery, than I would fuffer* 
The flelh-fly blow my mouth.' — ^Hear my £bul 

fpeak ; — 
The very inftant that I faw you, did 
My heart fly to your fervice ; there refides. 
To make me flave to it ; and, for your fake. 
Am I this patient log-man. 

MjRA. Do you love me ? 

Fer. O heaven, O earth, bear witnefs to this 
found. 
And crown what I profefs with kind event. 
If I fpeak true; if hollowly, invert 

What beft is boded me, to mifchief ! I, 

I 

9 tbenin forgetj] The old copy » in contempt of metre, read»«» 
** / therein i/o foiget." Stbbtens. 

• — than I woxAdi/uffery &c.] The old copy reads—* Than fo 
fiifien The emendation is Mr. Pope's. Steetens. 

The reading of the old copy is right, however ungrammatical. 
So, in Alts 'well that ends tvell: «* No more of this, Helena, go 
to, no more; left it be rather thought you affed a (brrow, than to 
have.*' Ma LONE. 

The defedlive metre fhows that fome corruption had happened in 
the prefent inftance. I receive no deviations from eftabliihed gram- 
mar, on the fingle authority of the folio. Ste b v e n s. 

» The flefi'fiy blow my moutL] Mr. Malonc obferves, that to 
hlow, in this inftance, ftgnifies to *' fwell and inflame." But I 
believe he is miftaken. "^ hltnv, as it ftands in the text, means 
the aQ of a fly by which Jhe lodges eggs in fiejb. So, in Chapman's 
▼erfion of the Iliad : 

" 1 much fear, left with the hlows of flies 

" His brafs-infli^cd wounds are fiU'd-^" Stbitbns* 



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9^ TEMPEST. 

Beyond all limit of what elfe i* the world/ * * 
Do love, prize, honour you. 

MiRA. I am a fool. 

To weep at what I am glad of.' 

Pr 0. Fair encounter 

Of two mod rare afFedtions ! Heavens rain grace 
On that which breeds between them ! 

Per, Wherefore weep you ? 

MiRA. At mine unworthinefs, that dare not offer 
What I defire to give ; and much lefs take. 
What I fliall die to want : But this is trifling ; 
And all the more it feeks * to hide itfdf. 
The bigger bulk it fhews. Hence, bafliful cunning! 
And prompt me, plain and holy innocence ! 
I am your wife,' if you will marry mej 

a — ©/"what clfc f* the tvorld,'] i. e. oi aught clfc ; of whatfoever 
elfe there is in the world. I once thought that we fhould TtaAr^-cugbt 
dfc. But the old copy is right* So, in King Henry FL P. Ill ; 
•* With promife of his filler, and *what el/e, 
** To ftrengthcn and fupport king Edward's place.'* 

Malone, 
% I am a fool f 
^0 toeep at nvhat I am glad of J] This is one of thofe touches 
of nature that diftinguifti Shakfpeare from all other writers. It 
was neceflary, in fupport of the chara^r of Miranda, to make 
her appear unconfcious that excefs of forrow and excefs of joy find 
alUce their relief from tears ; and as this is the firfl time that con- 
fummate pleafure had made any near approaches to her heart, (hQ 
9alls fuch a feeming contradiftory expremon of it, folly* 
The fame thouent occurs in Romeo and Juliet : 

" Back, roolifh tears, back, to your native fpring ! 
" Your tributary drops belong to woe, 
«* Which you, miflakmg, offer up to joy.** Steevens, 
4 — it feeks — ] i. e. my affedion feeks, Ma lone, 
* I am your twife^ &c.] 

Si tibi non cordi fuerant connubia noftra, 
Attamen in veflras potuifli duceie fedes, 
Qux tibi jucundo famularer ferva labore ; 
Candida permulcens liquidis vedigia lymphis, 
Purpuycave tuum conftemens vefte cubile. 

CatuL 6z. Maloi;b, 



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TEMPEST. 93 

If not, rU die your maid : to be your fellow * 
You may deny me ; but PU be your fervant. 
Whether you will or no^ 

Fer. My miftrefs, deareft, 

And I thus humble ever. 

Mjra* My hufband then ? 

Fer. Ay, with a heart as willing 
As bondage e*er of freedom : here's my hand. 

Mir J. And mine, with my heart in't;' And 
now farewell. 
Till half an hour hence. 

Fer. a thoufand ! thoufand 1 

[Exeunt Fer. andMiR. 

Pro. So glad of this as they, I cannot be. 
Who are furpriz'd with all;' but my rejoicing 
At nothing can be more. I'll to my book ; 
For yet, ere fupper time, muft I perform 
Much bufinefs appertaining. [Exit^ 

* jwr fellow — ] L e. companion. Stbbvens. 

' ■■ here's mj band. 

Miran. And mine ^ nuith my heart /«'/;] It is ftill cuftomaiy in 
£he weft of England, when the conditions of a bargain are agreed 

rn, for the parties to ratify it by joining their hands, and at 
fame time for the purchaier to give an eameft. To this prac- 
tice the poet alludes. So, in The Winter's Tale : 

*' Ere I could make thee open thy white hand, 
" And clap thyfelf my love ; then didft thou utter 
** I amyour'sjbr efuer,** 
And again, in The T*wo Gentlemen of Verona : 

*« Fro. Why then we'll make exchange ; here, take you this* 
** Jul. And feal the bargain with a holy kifs. 
** Pro. Here is my hand for my true conftancy." Henlbt. 
• So glad of this as they, I cannot 6e, 
Who are furprix'd with all ;] The fcnfc might be clearer, 
were we to make a flight tranfpofitton : 

•♦ So glad of this as they, who arc furpriz'd 
" With all, I cannot be—*' 
Perhaps, however, more confonantly with ancient language, we 
fliould join two of the words together, and read— 
'• Who arc furpriz'd withal.*' Stbbvbns. 



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94 T E M P E S T^ 

SCENE II, 

Another part of the ifiani. 

Enter Stephano and Trinculo ; Caliban follow^ 
ing with a bottle. 

Ste. Tell not me; — ^when the butt is out, we 
will drink water; not a drop before: therefore 
bear up^ and board 'em : * Servant-monfter, drink 
to me. 

Trin. Servant-monfter? the folly of this ifland ! 
They fay, there's but five upon this ifle : we are 
three of them ; if the other two be brain'd like 
us, the ftate totters.^ 

SrE. Drink, fervant-monfter, when I bid thee ; 
thy eyes are almoft fet in thy head. 

Trin. Where fliould they be fet elfe? he were 
a brave monfter indeed, if they were fet in his 
tail.- 

Ste. My man-monfter hath drowned his tongue 
in fack : for my part, the fea cannot drown me : 
I fwam,' ere I could recover the ihore, five-and« 

* ^^bear up, and hoard 'em:] A metaphor alluding to a chace 
fea. Si& J. Hawkins. 

9 ^^ if the other Pwo he hraln^d like us, the fiate tatters,] Wc 
itaeet with a fimilar idea in Antony and Cleopatra : ** He bears th« 
third part of the world." — ** The third part then is drunk," 

Stssvens. 

* — itr nvere a hrofue monger indeed^ if they nwre/et in his tail.] I 
believe this to be an allufion to a ftory that is met with in Stoiue, 
and other writers of the time. It feems in the ^ear 1^74, a 
whale was thrown alhore near Ram/gate : ** A monftrous fifi> (fayi 
the chronicler) but not fo monftrous as fomc reported — ^for his eyes 
were in his head, and not in his hack*'* 

Summary, 1 57;, p. 562. Fa&M«R4 

I .^I/fwam, kc] This play was not publifhed till i-6t 3. Alhst^* 
msKor made its appcaraoce m 1614, and ha» a paflage jrabtivt to 

I 



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TEMPEST. 9s 

thirty leagues^ off aind on, by this light.— Thou 
flialt be my lieutenant, monfter, or my ftandard. 

Trin. Your lieutenant, if you lift; he's no 
ftandard.^ 

Ste* We'll not run, monfieur monfter. 

TitiN. Nor go neither : but you'll lie, lik^ dogs j 
and yet fay nothing neither. 

Srs. Moon-calf, fpeak once in thy life, if rhou 
beeft a good mooncalf. 

CWi. How does thy honour ? Let me lick thy 
Ihoe: 
I'll not ferve him, he is not valiant. 

Triii. Thou lieft, moft ignorant monfter; I 
am in cafe tbjuftle aconftable: Why, thou dc^ 
bolh'd filh thou,* was there ever man a coward. 



the efcape of a failor yet more Incredible. Perhaps, in both in- 
flances, a fneer was meant at the Voyages of Ferdinando Mettdnt 
Pinto, or the exaggerated accounts of other lying travellers : 

" nve days I was under water ; and at length 

** Got up and fpread xnyfelf upon a cheft, 

<* Rowing with arms, and fleering with my feet ; 

<* And thus in five days more got land.'* Ad IIL fc. r. 

Stebvens. 



-•rivrf ftandard. 



Trin. Your Heuttnmnt^ if yomlifi\ jSv'i M ilandard.] Meaning, 
lie is fo much intoxicated, as not to be able to ftand. The quib- 
ble between ftmulard, an enfign, and fiandard^ a fruit-tree that 
grows without fupport, is evident. Stievbns. 

^ ^-thau debofh'd;^ thm^ I meet with this word, which I 
fuppofe to be the fame as debauch' d^ in Randolph's Jealous Lovers, 
i6j4: 

%9 s^^ yQ^y houfe be ftor'd 

«* With the dehoijheft roarers in this city." 
Again, in Monfieur Thomas ^ 1639 : 

«' -. fancy fellows, 

*• ZV^/2/SV and daily drunkards." 
The fubftantive occurs in the Panbeneia Sacra, 1633 : 

« — A batcr of men, rather than the deio^memt of their 
SMuiners.*^ 



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96 TEMPEST. 

that hath drunk fo much fack as I to-day? Wilt 
thou tell a monftrous lie, being but half a fifh, and 
half amonfter? 

Cal* Lo, how he mocks me! wilt thou let him, 
my lord ? 

Trin. Lord, quoth he ! — ^that a monfter fhould 
be fuch a natural ! 

Cal. Lo, lo, again 1 bite him to death, I pr'ythee. 

SrE. Trinculo, keep a good tongue in your 
head ; if you prove a mutineer, the next tree — The 
poor monfter 's my fubjedt, and he (hall not fulFer 
indignity. 

Cal. I thank my noble lord. Wilt thou be 
pleas'd 
To hearken once again the fuit I made thee ? ^ 

S<rE. Marry will I: kneel, and repeat it; I will 
ftand, and fo ftiall Trinculo. 

Enter Ariel, invifihle. 

Cal. As I told thee 
Before, I am fubjedt to a tyrant C 

When the word was firft adopted firom the French lan^ge^ it 
appears to have been fpelt according to the pronunciation, and 
tnerefore wrongly ; but ever fince it has been fpelt right, it haft 
been uttered with equal impropriety. Stebvbks. 
^ / thank my nobU lord. IVilt thou be pleat' d 
To hearken once again the fuit I made thee f] The old copy» 
which erroneoufly prints this and other of Galilean's fpeeches at 
profe> reads—- 

*' to the fuit I made thee ;'* 

But the elliptical mode of expreflion in the text, has already 
occurred in the fecond fcene of the firft ad of this play : 
*' — being an enemy 
*• To me inveterate, hearkens my brother* t fuit.'* 

STBBVBNa* 

' -— ^ a tyrant ;] Tyrant is here employed as a trifyllablc. 

Stbbvbms. 



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TEMPEST. 97 

A forcerer, that by his cunning hath 
Cheated me of the ifland. 

Ari. Thou lieft. 

Cal. Thou lieft, thou jefting monkey, thou ; 
I would, my valiant mafter would deftroy thee: 
I do not lie. 

S^E. Trinculo, if you trouble him any more in 
his tale, by this hand, I will fupplant fome of youf 
teeth. 

Tri^. Why, I faid nothing. 
S^R. Mum then, ai\d no more. — \^o Caliban.] 
Proceed. 

Cal. I fay, by forcery he got this ifle; 
From me he got it. If thy greatnefs will 
Revenge it on him— for, I know^ thou dar'ft i 
But this thing dare not, 

S^R. That's moft certain. 

Cal. Thou Ihalt be lord 6f it, and Til ferve 
thee. 

S<rR. How now fhall this be compafs*d? Canft 
thou bring me to the party? 

Cal. Yeau yea, my lord; I'll yield him thee 
afleep, 
Where thou may'ft knock a nail into his head.^ 

Ari. Thou lieft, thou canft not. 

Cal.^ Whatapy^d ninny's this?" Thou fcurvy 
patch I — 

' —rilyUli him thee Aetf^ 
Where thou mayjt knock a nail into his head.] Perhaps ShdC' 
fpearc caught this idea from the 4th Chapter of Judges 9. y» 21. 
'• Then Jacl, Hcber's wife, tocdc a nail ot the tent, and took a 
hammer in her hand, amd went foftly tmto him, and /mote tht 
nail into his temples^ &C. fir he tvasfqft qfleepf' Sec. StbBvens. 

• What a Wd ttiwtv'i thisH It fliould be remembered that 

Vol. hi. H 



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9$ TEMPEST. 

I do befeech thy greatnefs^ give him blows. 
And take his bottle from him : when that's* gone. 
He Ihall drink nought but brine; for I'll not ihcw 

him 
Where the quick frefhes are- 

SrE. Tjinculo, run into no further danger: in* 
terrupt the monfter one word further, and, by this 
hand, I'll turn my mercy out of doors, and make 
a ftock-fifh of thee. 

Trin. Why, what did I? Ididnothii^; TUgo 
further off. 

Ste. Didft thou not fay, he lied ? 

Arj. Thou lieft. 

Ste. Do I fo? take thou that, ffinkes him.'] As 
you like this, give me the lie another time. 

Trin. I did not give the lie : — Out o* your wits, 

and hearing too? ^A pox o* your bottle! this 

can fack, and drinking do.^-A murrain on your 
monfler, and the devil take your fingers ! 

CjL. Ha, ha, ha! 

SrE. Now, forward with your tale. Pr*ythec 
fland further off. 

Cal. Beat him enough : after a little time, 
I'll beat him too. 

Sru. Stand further.— Come, proceed. 

Trinculo is no failort but a jefter ; and is fb called in the ancient 
dramatis per/ofne. He' therefore wears the party-colour'd drefs of 
oneof thefecharaders. See iiz* XII. in the phite annexed to the 
firft part of AT. Henty IF. and <Mr. Toilet's explanation of it. So, 
ixitbc Devil's LofwCafi, 1 623: 

*« Unlefs I wear TLpy'd fool's coat/* Steevens. 
Dfr Johnfon ob&rves^ that Caliban could have no knowledge 
of the flriped coat ufually worn by fools;' and would therefore 
transfer thu fpeech to Stephano. But though Caliban might not 
know this circumilance, Shakjpcare did. Surely be who has given 
to all countries and all ages the manners of his own, might foxget 
kimfelf here, as well as in other places. Malonb. 



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TEMPEST. 



99 



Cal. Why, as I told thee, 'tis a cuftom with him 
I'thc afternoon to fleep : there thou may'ft brainhim. 
Having firft feiz*d his books ; or with a log 
Batter his ikull, or paunch him with a flake. 
Or cut his wezand with thy knife : Remember, 
Firft to poflefs his books ; ^ for without them 
He's but a fot, as I am, nor hath not 
One fpirit to command : They all Ao hat« him. 
As rootedly as I : Burn but his books ; 



Firft to pojfeft his books ; for nvitbout them 
Hes but a fot, as I am, n^r hath not 

One fpirit to command:] Milton» \% hk M^qui at^Ludiow 
Cafile, feems to have caaght a hint from the foregoitig 
' - '■ ' itch'diii 



Oh, vc miftooK ; ye ihoald have fnatch'd his wand, 
•* And Dound him raft ; without his rod reversed, 
" And backward mtitters of diifevering power, 

*• We cannot free the lady." Stebvens* 

In a former fccnc Profpero fays — 

« — -111 tomy^flol; 
** For 3rer» ere fipper time, mtft I peribrm 
*« Mudi bufinefs appertainbg." 
Again, in A&. V : 

** And dctptT than did ever plummet found, 
«« I'll drown my book." 
In the old romances the forcerer is always fumi{hed with a book, 
hj nadmg certain parts of which he is enabled to fummon to his 
aid whatever daemons or fpirits he has occafion to emptey. When 
he k deprived of his book, his power ceafes. Our author might 
hare obierved this circumftance much infifted on in the Orldxdo 
Ifmamgratd of Boyzrdot (of which, as the Rev. Mr. Bowie informs 
mt, the firft three Cantos were tranllated and publiihed in 1598,) 
and alio in Harrington's tranflation of the OrLndo Furiofoy i59i. 
A few lines from the former of thefe works may prove the beft 
illaftration of the pafla^ before ns. 

An^ca, by tne aid of Argalia, having bound the enchanter 
Mafa^: 

«« The damfel featdieth forthwith m his breaft, 

** And there the damned booh (he i^rai^htway fosnde, 

** Whkh circles ftrtn^ and ihapes of Sendes expreft^ 

*' No fooner (he ibme. wordes therein did found, 

«' And opened had fome danuied leaves imbleft, 

** 'Box/firits of th' ayre, earth, foa, came out of band, 

'* Ciying alowde, what is't you us cmmatfdf* Malons* 

H 2 



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loo TEMPEST. 

He has brave utenfils, { for fo he calls them^) 
Which, when he has a houfe, he'll deck withal. 
And that moft deeply to confider, is 
The beauty of his daughter; hehimfelf 
Calls her a non-pareil : I ne*er faw woman,* 
But only Sycorax my dam, and fhe ; 
But Ihe as far furpafleth Sycorax, 
As greateft does leaft. 

Ste. Is it fo brave a lafs ? 

CjL. Ay, lord; fhe will become thy bed, I war- 
rant. 
And bring thee forth brave brood. 

S^E. Monfter, I will kill this man : his daugh- 
ter and I will be king and queen ; ( fave our graces ! ) 
and Trinculo and thyfelf (hall be vice-roys : — Doft 
thou like the plot, Trinculo ? 

Trin. Excellent. 

Ste. Give me thy hand ; I am forry I beat thee : 
but, while thou liv*ft, keep a good tongue in thy 
head. 

Cjl. Within this half hour will he be afleep ; 
Wilt thou deftroy him then ? 

SrE. Ay, on mine honour. 

j1ri» This will I tell my mafter. 

CrfZ. Thou mak'ft me merry : I am full of plea- 
fure; 
Let us be jocund : Will you troll the catch' 

* Calls her a non-pareil: I neer fava *wenian,1 The old copy 
reads — 

Calls her a non-pareil : I never faw a womaiw-But this Tcrfe 
beine too long by a foot, Hanxner judicionfTy gave it as it now 
ftands in the text. 

By means as innocent, the verfification of Shakfpeare has, I hope» 
in many inflances been reftored. The temerity of fome critics had 
too long impofed fevere reftraints on their fucceflbrs. Steevens. 

' -^ /f7// you troll the^ caicb — ] Ben Jonfon ufes the word in 
^ety Man in bis Humour: 



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TEMPEST. loi 

You taught mc but while-ere ? 

Ste. At thy requeft, monfter, I will do reafon, 
any reafon : Come on, Trinculo, let us fing. [Sings. 
Flout *em, andjkout V/» ; andjkout Vw, and flout *€m ; 
nought is free. 

Cal. That's not the tune. 

[Ariel plays the tune on a tabor and pipe. 
Ste. What is this fame ? 

Tein. This is the tune of our catch, play*d by 
the pidaire of No-body.* 

Ste. If thou beeft a man, fhew thyfelf in thy 
likenefs: if thou beeft a devil, take't as thou lift. 
Trin. O, forgive me my fins ! 

Ste. He that dies, pays all debts : I defy thee : — 
Mercy upon us ! 

Cjl. Art thou afeard ? * 

Ste. No, monfter, not I. 

•• If he read this with patience, I'll //w/ballads." 
Again, in the Cobler*s Prophecy ^ 1 594 : 

•* A fellow that will trout it off with tongue. 
•* Faiths you (hall hear mc troll it after my fafhion." 
To troll a catch, I fuppofe, is to difinifs it trippingly from the 
iOMgue. Stebvens. 

♦ This is the tune of our catch, playd by thcpiSure of No-body.] 
A ridiculous figure, fometimes reprefented on (igns. JVeft'wardfor 
Smelts, a book which 00 r author appears to have read, was printed 
for John Trundle in Barbican, at the^«^ of the No-body^ Malone. 
The alluiion is here to the prbt of No-body, as prefixed to the 
anonymous comedy of " No-body and Some-bodj \'* without date. 

Reed. 

s afeardf'\ Thus the old copy. To affear is an obfolcte 

Terb, with the fame meaning as to affray. 

So, in the Shipmannes Taleoi Chaucer, v. 13330 : 

'* This wif was not aferdencaffraide,'* 
Between aferde and affraide, in tiie time of Chaucer, there 
might have been fomc nice diitin^on which ii% at prefent loil. 

Sterveic^. 

H3 



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I02 TEMPEST. 

Cal. Be not afeard} the iflc is full of noifes. 
Sounds, and fwect airs, that give delight, and 

hurt not. 
Sometimes a thoufand twangling inftruments 
Will hum about mine ears ; and fometime voices. 
That, if I then had Wak'd after long fleep. 
Will make me fleep again : and then, in dream- 
ing. 
The clouds, methought, would open, and fliew riches 
Ready to drop upon mc; that, when I wak'd, 
I cry'd to dream again. 

Srn. This will prove a brave kingdom to me, 
where I Ihall have my mufic for nothing. 

Cal. When Profpero is deftroyM. 

Srs. That fliall be by and by : I remember the 
ftory. 

Trjn. The found is going away: Icfs follow it, 
and after, do our work. 

Ste. Lead, monfter; we'll follow. — I would, I 
could fee this taborer : * he lays it on. 

Thin. Wilt come ? Pll follow, Stephano.' 

[Exeunt. 

. * I tvoulJ I could fee this tai)orer :] Several of the incidents in 
this fcene, viz. — Ariel's mimkkty of Trinculo — ^thc tune played 
on the ^abor^ — and Caliban's defcnption of the ^wangling mftru* 
ntentsy &c. — ^might have been borrowed from Marco Faolo» the old 
Venetian voyager; who in Lib. I. ch. 44, defcribing the defcrt of 
Lop in Afia, fays — " Audiuntur ibi voces diemonum^ &c. 'voces 
fingentet eorttm quos comitarije putanU Audiuntnr interdum in aere 
concenttes muficorum inftrumentontm" Sec. This paiTage was rendered 
acceffible to Shakfpeare by an Englilh tranflation entitled The 
moft noble and famous trauels of Marcus Paulus, one of the nohilitie 
of the ftaie rf Venice, &c. bl. 1. 4X0. 1579* by Johi Frampton. 
«« — Yott ihkll heare in the ayre the foand of Takers and oth<r 
inftruments, to put the trauellers in feaxe» &c. by euill fpirites 
diat make thefe foundes^ and alfo do call diuerfe of the traaellers 
fy their names," &c. Ch. 36. p. $2. Steevbns. 
7 Wibcomef Fll follow » StefbanoJ] The firft words are ad- 



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TEMPEST. 103 

SCENE III. 

Another part rf the ifland. 

Enter Alonso, Sebastian, Antonio, Gonzalo, 
Adrian, Francisco, and others. 

Gov. By*r lakin,' I can go no further. Sir; 
My old bones ache : here's a maze trod, indeed. 
Through forth-rights, and meanders ! by your pa- 
tience, 
I needs muft reft me. 

^lOiyr. Old lord, I cannot blame thee. 

Who am myfelf attached with wearinefs. 
To the dulling af my fpirits : fit down, and reft. 
Even here I will put off my hope, and keep it 
No longer for my flatterer : he is drown'd. 
Whom thus we ftray to find ; and the fea mocks 
Our fruftrate fearch on land : Well, let him go. 

-/fivr. I am right glad that he*s fo out of hope. 

\^Afide to Sebastian. 
Do not, for one repulfe, forego the purpofe 
That you refolv'd to effed:. 

Srm. The ne^t advantage 

Will we take thoroughly. 

Ajsr. Let it be to-nighr ; 

For, now they are opprefs'd with travel, they 

ditfled to Caliban, who, vexed at the folly of his ne^^ companionj 
idly running after the itiufick, while they ought only to ha\e at- 
tended to the main point, the difpatching Profpero, feems, for fomc 
little time, to have ftaid behind. Heath. 

The words — Wilt come? ihould be added to Stephano's fpccch. 
nifolh'w^ is Trinculo's anfwcr. R i t so n . 

* Byr taking i. e. The diminutive only of our lady, U e« 
ladykiR. Stebvens, 

II 4 



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104 TEMPEST. 

Will not, nor cannot, ufc fuch vigilance. 
As when they arc frelh. 

Sub, I fay, to-night : no more. 

Solemn andftrange mujick ; and Prospero ahove^ in^ 

vifible. Enter feveral Jirange Shapes, bringing in a 

banquet ; they dance about it with gentle aUions of 

Jalutation \ and, inviting the king, l^c, to eat, they 

depart. 

Alon. What harmony is this? my good friends, 

hark! 
Goif. Marvellous fwect muflck ! 
Aloh. Give us kind keepers, heavens! What 

were thefe ? 
See. a living drollery i^ Now I will believe. 
That there are unicorns ; that, in Arabia 
There is one tree, the phoenix* throne;* one 
phoenix 

9 A living drollery :] Shows, called drolleries^ were in Shakfpeare't 
time performed by puppets only. From thefe onr modem drolls^ 
exhibited at fairs, &c. took their name. So, in Beaumont and 
Fletcher's Valentinian : 

*< I had rather make a drollery till thirty/' Stseybns. 

A Irving drollery ^ i. e. a drollery not reprefented by wooden 
machines, but by perfonages who are alive. Ma lone. 

> — mu tree^ the phcenix' throne\\ For this idea, our author 
mieht have been indeoted to Phil. Holland's Tranflation of Pliny, 
B. XIII. chap. 4 : " I myfelf verily have heard ilraunge thines of 
this kind of tree; and namely in regard of the bird Fbamx^ \^ich 
is fuppofed to have taken that name of this date tree ; fcalled iA 
Greek ^wtX\ \ for it was afTured unto me, that the faid bird died 
with that tree, ^d revived of itfelfe as the tree fprung again." 

StibvbnSv 

Again, in one of our author's poems, p. 732, edit. 1778 ; 

" Let the bird of loudeft lay, 

** On X^fole Arabian tree," &c. 
Our poet had probably Lilly's Eufhuesy and his England, par- 
ticularly in his tnoughts : fignat. Q^ j.—- *' As there is but one 



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TEMPEST. 105 

At this hour reigning there. 

Ant. ril believe both ; 

And what does elfe want credit, come to me. 
And 1*11 be fworn *tis true : Travellers ne'er did 

lie/ 
Though fools at home condemn them* 

GoN. If in Naples 

I fliould report this now, would they believe me ? 
If I fhould fay, I faw fuch iflanders,^ 
(For, certes,* thefe are people of the ifland,) 
Who, though they are of monflrous Ihape, yet, note. 
Their manners are more gentle-kind,^ than of 
Our human generation you fhall find 
Many, nay, almoft any. 

Pro. Honeft lord. 

Thou haft faid well ; for fome of you there prefent. 
Are worfe than devils. [Afide. 

rimnix in the worlds fo b there bat em tne in Arabia wherein (he 
Wldeth/' Seealfo Florio's Italian Didionaiy* 1598: *' Rafin, 
a tree in Arabia, whereof there b but cm foqnd, and upon it the 
phosnlx fits." Malonb. 

* Aitd I'll be /'worn 'tis true : Tntvellen ni*er did //V,] I fuppofe 
dib redundant line orinnally ftood thus: — 

" And I'll be fworn to't : Travellers ne'er did lie— .'• 
Hanmer reads, as plaufibly— 

«• And I'll be fworn 'tis true. Travellers ne'er lied." 

Steevens. 

4 —/KfiJ iflanders,] The old copy has ijlottds. TTic emendation 
was made by the editor of the fecond folio. Ma lone. 

^ FoTy certes, &c.l Certes is an obfolete word, fignifying r/r- 
tmnly^ So, in Othello: 

** certes, feys he, 

♦* I have already chofe my officer." Stbbvens. 

* Their manners are more gcntlc-kind,] The old copy has— 
*• gentle, kind — •" I read (in conformity to a prance ot our au- 
thor, who^ delights in fuch compound epithets, of which the firft 
adjedive b to be confidered as an adverb) gentle-kind. Thus in 
K. Richard IIL we have childi/h-fooli/h, fen/el f/s-obftinate, and mor- 
ial'ftaring, Stesvbns. 



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,o6 TEMPEST. 

Alon. I cannot too much mufc/ 

Such (hapes^ fuch gefturc, and fuch found, ex- 

prefling 
(Although they want the ufc of tongue^} a kind 
Of excellent dumb difcourfe. 

Pro. Praifc in departing.* 

Fran. They vanilh'd ftrangely. 

Sbb. No matter, iincc 

They have left their viands behind j for we have 
\ ftomachs. — 

WilPt pleafe you tafte of what is here? 

Alon. Not I. 

GoN. Faith, fir, you need not fear: When wc 
were boys. 
Who would believe that there were mountaineers^' 
Dew-lapp'd like bulls, whofc throats had hanging 
at them 



• to9 much mo(c>] To muje^ b ancient language, is lo 



admire^ to wonder. 
So, in Macbeth : 

** Do not mu/e at me, my moft worthy friends." 

Steevens. 

* Pra/fif m dtpartingJ] i. e. Do not pnafe your entertainment 
too foon» left you (hould have r^on to retraft youi commeoda* 
tion. It is a proverbial finding. 

So, in The Tivo angry IVomen of Abingdon ^ i J99 : 

*« And fo fhe doth; but pra^e your luck at parting^* 
Again, in Tom Tyler and hh Wife^ i c6i : 
" l^ow praife at thy parting. 
Stephen GoiTon, in his pamphlet entitled, Flayes confuted in five 
ASions^ &c. (no date) acknowledges himfelf to have been the au- 
thor of a morality called, Prai/e at Parting. Steevens. 

9 ^^that there *were mountaineers, ^r.] Whoever is curious to 
know the particulars relative to the(e mountaineers^ may confult 
MaundrvilU*t Travels, printed in 1503, by Wynken de Worde; 
but it is yet a known truth that the inhabitants of the Alps have 
been long accuftom'd to fuch excrefcences or tumours. 

^U tumidtim guttur miratur in Alpibus f Steevens* 



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TEMPEST. 107 

Wallets of flcfh? or that there were fuch men, 
Whofc heads ftood in their breads ? * which now 

we find. 
Each putter-out on five for one,* will bring us 

* men, 

Wbofi beads Jlood in their hreajhf'\ Ouf author might have had 
this intelligence likewife from the tranflation of rliny, B. V. 
chap. g. << The Blemmyi, by repon, have no heads, but month 
and eies both in their breafts." Stibvbns. 

Or he might have had it from Hackluyt's Voyages , 1 598 : ** On 
that branch which is called Camra are a nation of people, whole 
heads appear not above dieir ihoulders.^ They are reported to 
have their eyes in their ihoulders, and their mouths in the middle 
of their breads." Malonb. 

^ Each putter-out i &c.] The ancient cuftom here alluded to wai 
this. In this age of travelling, it was a pradlice with thofe who 
engaged in long and hazardous expeditions, to place out a fum of 
money on condition of receiving great intereft for it at their return 
home* So Puntarvolo (it is Theobald's quotation) in Ben Jonfon's 
E'uefy Man out of bis Humwr: ** I do intend, this year of jubilee 
coming on, to travel; and (becanfe I will not altoeether go upon 
expence) I am determined to put fome /fiv thoufand pound, to be 
paid mtfrve for one, upon tibe return ot my wife, myfelf, and mj 
dog, from the Turk's court in Conftantinople." 

To this inftance I may add another from Tbe Ball, a comedy, 
by Chapman and Shirley, 1 639 : 

** I did moft politickly difburfe my fums 

" To hxvtfrve for one at my return from Venice." 
Again, isk Amends for Ladies, 1639: 

** I would I had put out fomethine upon my return; 

" I had as lieve be at the Bermootbes*** 
«* — «f five for one" means tm tbe terms of five for one. So, in 
Barnaby Riche's Faults, and nothing hut Faults, 1607 • ** — thofe 
whipfters, that having fpent the greatefl part of their patrimony in 
prodigality, will give out the reft of their ftocke, to be paidtnjuo or 
three for one, upon their return from Rome," &c. &c. 

Steevens. 
Each putter-ouf on fi^efor one, ] The old copy has : 

" ofiiyt. for one." 

I believe the words are only tranfpofed, and that the author 
wrote: 

«* Each putter-out of one for fi*ve*** 
So, in The Scourge of Follj, by J. Davies of Hereford^ printed 
about the year 161 1 1 



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io8 TEMPEST. 

Good warrant of. 

Alon. I will (land to^ and feed. 

Although my laft : no matter, fince I feel 
The beft is paft : ♦ — Brother, my lord the duke, 
Staild too, and do as we. 

Thunder and lightning. Enter Ariel like a harpy ; ^ 
claps his wings upon the table ^ and^ with a quaint 
device, the banquet vanijbesj" 

Ari. You are three men of fin, whom deftiny 

" Sir Solus ilraight will travel, as tficy fay, 
** And gi'ves out one for three, when home comes he." 
It appears from Moryfon's Itinerary, 1617, Part L p. 198, 
that " this cuftomof eivingout money upon thefe adventures was 
firft ufed in court, and among noblemen ;** and that fome years 
before his book was publi(hed, ** bankerouts, ftage-playcrs, and 
men of bafe condition nad drawn it into contempt," by undertak- 
ing journeys merely for gain upon their return. Malone. 
4 I nviilftandto, and feed, 
M though my iaft : no nuutety Jtnce I feel 
The hefi is pajt .'] I cannot but think that this paflage was in- 
tended to be in rhyme, and (hould be printed thus : 
" / nvillftand to and feed; although my laft, 
•* No matter, fince I feel the heft is paft J* M. Mason. 
^ Enter Ariel like a harpy ; &c.] This circiunftance is taken 
from the third book of the iEneid as tranflated by Phaer« M. K 
4to. 15^8: 

** faft to nuate we fall. 

** But fodenly from down the hills with grisly fall to fyght» 
'* The harpies come, and heating swings with great noys out 

thei ihright, / 

*< hxA at o»r meate they fnach \ and with their clawes," &c. 
Milton* Farad. Reg. B. II. has adopted the fame imagery : 

" with that 

'* Both table and provifions yaniih'd quite, 

«* With found of harpies' wings, and talons heard." 

Steevens. 

• — and toith a quaint den)ice, the banquet njani/hes,"] Though I 
will not undertake to prove that all the culinary pantomimes ex- 
hibited in France and Italy were known and imitated in this kmg«. 



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TEMPEST. 109 

(That hath to inftrument this lower world/ 
And what is in't) the ncver-furfeited fea 
Hath caufed to belch up ; and on this ifland 
Where man doth not inhabit ; you 'mongft men 
Being moft unfit to live. I have made you mad ; 
[Seeing Alon. Seb. 6?^. draw their /words. 
And even with fuch like valour, men hang and 

drown 
Their proper felves. You fools ! I and my fel- 
lows 
Are minifters of fate ; the element« 
Of whom your fwords are tempered, may as well 
Wound the loud winds, or with bemock'd-at ftabs 
Kill the ftill-clofing waters, as diminilh 
One dowle that's in my plume ; * my fellow-mi- 
nillers 

dom, I may obferve that flyings rifing* and ddcending (ervicea 
were to be found at entertainments given by the Duke of Burgundy* 
&ۥ in 1453 and by the Grand Duke of Tufcany in 1600, &c. 
See M. Lc Grand D'Auffi's Hifioire de la 'viepriute des Francois, 
Vol. III. p. 294, &c. Examples therefore of machinery iimilar 
to that of Shakibeare in the prefent inftance, were to be met with, 
and perhaps had been adopted on the ilage, as well as at public 
feilivals here in England. Sec my note on The Merry Jrives of 
Wind/or, A6t V. fc. V. from whence it appears that a ftrikmg conceit 
in an entertainment given by die Vidame of Chartres, had been 
transferred to another feaft prepared in England as a compliment 
to Prince Alafco in 1583. Steevbns. 

t That bath to inftrument this lvwer«world^ &c.] i. e. that maket 
ufe of this world, and every thing in it» as its inftruments to bring 
about its ends. Steevbns. 

' One dowle tbat*s in mj plume ;] The old copy exhibits the 
paflagc thus : 

*« One dowle that's in my plumbe** Corrcfted by Mr. Rowc. 
Bailey, in his Didionary, fays, that dowU is a feather, 01 rather 
the fingle particles of the down. 

Since the firft appearance of this edition, my very Induftrious 
and learned correfpondent, Mr. Toilet ^ of Betltj^ in Staffordjhire, 
has enabled me to xetraA a too .hafty cenfuxe on Bailej, to whom 



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no TEMPEST. 

Are like invulnerable : ' if you could hurt. 
Your fwords are now too mafiy for your ftrengdif j 
And will not be uplifted : But, remember, 
(For that's my bufinefs to you,) that you three 
From Milan did fupplant good Profpero $ 
Exposed unto the fea, which hath requit it. 
Him, and his innocent child : for which foul deed 
The powers, delaying, not forgetting, have 
IncensM the feas and (bores, yea, all the creatures, 
Againil your peace : Thee, of thy fon, Alonfo, 

we were long Indebted for our onty Engltfi Di^ionitry. \ti a 
imali book, eiitided HumMe Indufiry : ot, A Hiftory of fMft Ma* 
nual ArtSi printed in i66i> page 9|» is the following pafS^: 
** The wool-bearing trees in ^thiopia^ which Virgil fpeaks of, 
and the Eriophori Arbores in Tbeophraftus, are not (uch trees as 
have a certain wool or dowl upon the outfide of them, as the 
fmall cotton ; but fliort trees that bear a ball upon the top, preg- 
nant with wool, which the Syrians call Cott^ the Gcxcians 
Goflypium, the Italians Bombagio, and we Bombafe.'* — ** There 
is a certain fiiell-fiih in the fea, called Pinna, that bears a mofTy 
DOWL, or wool, whereof cloth was fpun and madc/'-^Again, 
paee o c : *• Trichkis, or the hayrie ftone, by feme Greek au£ors« 
and Aiumen plumaieum, or donjtmy alum, by the Latiiufts : this 
hair or dowl is fpun into thread, and weaved into cloth." I 
have fince difcover^ the fame word in The Ploughman*! Talt, 
crroneoufly attributed to Chaucer, v. 3202 : 

" And fwoxe by cock'is herte and blode, 

•* He would tere him every douU" Steevens, 

Cole in his Latin Di^onary, 1679, interprets " young dowk*** 
hy lanugo. Malonb* 
9 . — the elemenis 

Of ivhom your fwords are tempered, may as *well 
Wound the loud nvinds, or nvith hemocVd-at fiahs 
Kill the ftiU-^lofing ^waters, a dimini/b 
One dowU that*s in my plume ; my fellow minifiert 
Are like invulnerable ;] So, in Phaer's VirgU, 1 573 ; 
•* Thciry^r^ by them diey laid— - 
" And on the filthy birds they beat— 
*« But fethers none do from them fal, nor ivound for ftrok 

doth bleed, 
^ Nor force of weaponi hurt them ean/' Ritson. 



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TEMPEST. ni 

They have bereft 5 and do pronoxince by me. 
Lingering perdition (worfe than any death 
Can be at once,) fliall ftep by ftep attend 
You, and your ways ; whofe wmths to guard you 

from 
(Which here, in this mod dcfolate ifle, elfe falls 
Upon your heads,) is nothings but heart's forrow. 
And a clear life * cnfuing,* 

He vanijbes in thunder: then, to/oft mufickg enter the 
Shapes again, and dance with mops and mowes * and 
carry out the table. 

Pro. [4/ide.'] Bravely the figure of this harpy 
haft thou 
Performed, my Ariel ; a grace it had, devouring : 
Of my inftnu5tion haft thou nothing 'bated. 
In what thou hadft to iay : fo, with good life,^ 

• —-clear 7/;^—-] Pure, blameldls^ innocent. Jonttsov. 

So, in TfMoM : ** — roots you dear hearcM.'* STiBViws. 

' — it fiothif^t Ak/ hearths fanvw^ 
And a clear nfk enfidngJ] Tht meaning, which is fomewhat 
obfcured by the expreflion, is,— a m\[erMe fate^ ixthkh nothing 
hmt contriiioa ami amendment of life can aivert. Ma i. o h e. 

4 ._av/Afr moM d^r^/ mollis *-^-] So« in K. Lear: 

*• — and Flibbertigibbet otmtpping and mewing." 

Stbcviks. 
The old copy> by a laanifiBft error of the fH-efi, raads — ^with 
mch. So afterwarc^ : — ** Will be here with mof and mowe/' 

Maloste. 

To mocA and to mcwe, feem to have had a meaning fomewhat htoi* 

lar; i e, to infult^ by making mouths* or wry faces. St sevens. 

5 », ■■ twiii Rood lftle»1 ff^iti gwod life mgiv mean, with exa^ 
ftefeniatioM of tSeir frveral charaSen^ *with oi/emyation ftrange of 
their particular and difUnft parts. So we fay, he a£led to i^life. 

A JoHNsoxr. 

Thus in the 6th Canto of the Barons' Wars^ bv Drayton : 
** Done for the laft with fuch exceeding tife^ 
^ As art therein whfa nature feemM at ftnfe." 
Qind life^ however, in Tivelftb Night, feems to be ufed for 
i$uoQcut jollitj, as wenowfayaioff vrvA^.* ** Would you (fays 



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112 TEMPEST. 

And obferv^tion ftrange^ my meaner ihinifters 
Their feveral kinds have done : ^ my high chamiS 

work. 
And thefe, mine enemies, are all knit up 
In their diftnwflions : they now are in my power i 
And in thefe fits I leave them, whilft I vifit 
Young Ferdinand (whom they fuppofe is drown'd,) 
And his and my lov'd darling. 

[Exit Pkospeko from ahtroe. 

Gov. V the name of fomething holy, fir, why 
ftand you 
In this ftrange ftare ? 

AhOii. O, it is monftrous ! monftrous ! 

Methought, the billows (poke, and told me of it j 
The winds did fing it to me ; and the thunder. 
That deep and dreadfiil organ-pipe, pronounced 
Theiiame of Profper; it did bafs my trelpafs.^ 



the'CZnMr^ have a lovefong, or a {ong o( good life f* SirTofy 
anfmren, ** A love fong. a love fong ;*' — *' Ay, ay, (replies Sir 
Andrew) I care not fox good life,** It is plain, from the cnarader 
of the laft fpeaker, that he was meant to miftake the fenfe in\ivhich 
^d life is ttied by the Clown. It may therefore, in the prefcnt 
inflance, mean, honeft alacrity^ or cheerfulnefs. 

Life feems to be ufed in the choms to the fifth ad of K. Henry V^ 
with fome meaning like that wanted to explain the appiobatioa 
of Profpero : 

« Which cannot in their huge and proper life 

** Be here preiented/' Stbevenb, 

To do any thing with good life, is ftill a provincial exprei&on in 
the Weft of England, aiA fignifies, to do it tvitb the full bent and 
energy of mind: — ** And ohfervation ftrange ,* is with fuch minute 
attention to the orders given, as to excite admiration* H E NLB Y. 

^ Their feveral kinds have done :] i. c. have difcharged the (e* 
veral functions allotted to their difierent natures. Thos in Antony 
and Cleopatra, Ad V. fc ii. the Clown fays—** You muft thuJc 
this, look you, that the worm will do bis kind.'* Steevens. 

7 .....bars my trefpafs.'] The deep pipe told it me in a rough 
baft found. JgHNSON. 



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TEMPEST. Ill 

Therefore my fon i^the ooze is bedded ; and 
ril feek him deeper than e'er plummet founded^ 
And with him there lie muddedJ [Exit, 

Seb. But one fiend at a time^ 

rU fight their legions o*er. 

Jnt. rU be thy fecond, 

[Exeunt Seb. and Ant. 

GoN. All three of them are defpcrate ; their great 
guilt. 
Like poifon given * to work a great time after. 
Now 'gins to bite the fpirits : — I do befeech you 
That are of fuppler joints, follow them fwiftly. 
And hinder them from what this ccftacy ' 
May now provoke them to. 

Adri. Follow, I pray you. 

[Exeunt. 

So, in Spcnler's Faity ^fen, B. II. c. 1 2 : 

*• the rolling fea refounding foft, 

" In his big ^a/e them fitly anfwcred." Steevens. 

7 J;rJ with him there lie mudicd. 
But one fiend ] As thcfe hemiftichs^ taken toecthcr, ex- 
ceed the proportion of a vcrfe, I cannot help regarding the words-* 
tvith bim^ and but^ as playhoufe interpolations. 

The Temfeft was evidently one of tne laft works of Shakfpeare ; 
and it is therefore natural to fuppofe the metre of it moft have been 
exa^ and regular. Dr. Farmer concurs with me in this fuppofition. 

Stibvens. 

• Like poifon gh^en, &c.] The natives of Africa have been fup- 
pofed to be poffeifed of the fecret how to temper poifona with fuch 
art as'not to operate till feveral years after they were adminiftered. 
Their drugs were then as certain in their efie^» as fubtle in their 
preparation. So, in the celebrated libel called ** Leicefter's 
Commonwealth :" ** 1 heard him once mvfelfe in publique ad at 
Oacford» and that in piefence of my lora of Leicefter» maintain 
that poyfon might be (o tempered and given^ as it fhould not ap- 
pear pmentlv, and yet (hould kill the party afterwards at what 
time (hould be appointed." Stsbvbns. 

9 ^^fhit ecftacy ^-] Ecfiac;^ meant not anciently, as at prefent, 
raftmmu pUafurey but alienation of mind. Mr. Locke nas not 
inelegantly flyled it dreaming 'with onr eyes ofen. Stbbvbni. 

Vol. III. I 



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114 TEMPEST. 

ACT IV. .SCENE I. 

Before Profpero's cell. 

Enter Prospero, Ferdinand, and Miranda, 

Pro. If I have too aufterely punifh'd you. 
Your compenfation makes amends ; for I 
Have given you here a thread of mine own life,* 

* tf thread of mirfe own I/fi,] The cJd copy Ka^ds-^hird* 

The word ihread was formerly fo ipelt, as appears from the fol- 
lowing paiTage : 

" Long maift thou live, and when the fitters (hall decite 
** To cut in twaine the twilled third of Uk, 
*« Then let him die," &c. 
See comedy of Mucedonu, i6ig, fignat. C. 3. Hawkins. 
*• A thrid of mine own life" is Siji^re or a fari of my own life, 
Trofpero confiders himfelf as the Jlock or pareKt^tree^ and his daugh- 
ter as 9l fibre or porikm of himfelf, and for whofe benefit he himfelf 
lives. In this fenfe the word is ufed in Markbatns Englijh Huf" 
bandmattj edit. 1635, p. 146: ** ^^^ ^^ ^ ^^^ maine rootes, 
within half a foot of the tree, only the fmall thridder or twift 
rootes you (hall not cut at all." Again, ibid. ** Every branch 
and ihrid of the root." This is evidently the fame word as thread, 
which is likewife fpelt ihrid by lord Bacon. To l let. 

So, in Lingua, &c. 1607; and I could fumifh many moiein- 
ilances : 

** For as a fubtle fpider clofely fitting 
«« In center of her web that fpreadeth round, 
" If the leaft fly but touch the fmalleft thirds 
«« She feels it inftantly." 
The foliowinfi^ quotation, however, (hould feem to place the 
meaning beyond all difpute. In Acolaftus, a comedy, 1540, it 
this pafi'agc : 

. « — one of worldly fhame's children, of his countenaunce, and 
• TH REDE of his body." Steevens. 

Again, \n Tancred and Gifmund, tl tragedy, 15921 Tancred# 
fpeaking of his intention to kill his daughter, fays, 
" Againft all law of kinde, to fhred in twaine 
" The golden tbreede that doth us bath maintain,'* 

Malove. 



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TEMPEST. ns 

Or that for which I live ; whom once again 
I tendtr to thy hand : all thy vexations 
Were but my trials of thy love, and thou 
Haft ftrangely ftood the teft : ' here, afore Heaven, 
I ratify this my rich gift. O Ferdinand, 
Do not fmile at me, that I boaft her off. 
For thou fhalt find fhe will outftrip all praifc. 
And make it halt behind hen 

Fer. I do believe it, 

Againft an oracle. 

Pro. Then, as my gift, and thine own acqui- 
fition ♦ 
Worthily purchased, take my daughter : But 
If thou doft break her virgin knot ^ before 
All fandimonious ceremonies ^ may 

* — ^nxiffXy ftood ih teft :'\ Strangely is ufedby wavof com- 
inendarion, mirvtUUufement^ to a 'wonder i the fame is the fenfe ia 
the foregoing fcene. Joh nson. 

L e. in the laft fcene of the preceding aA :— 

•* with good life 

•« And obfervation^nnr^^ — /' Stbevsns. 

* lien, as my gift, and thine onvn acquifition — ] My gueft, fiift 
fiUo. Rowe fiHl read— ^^. Johnson. 

A fimilar thought occurs in Antony and Cleopatra : 

•• /fendi&/« 

" The greatnefs be has fjOtJ' Steivens. 
s — A^ yirgin knot-—] The fiune expreffion occurs in Pericles 
frinceofTyre, 1609: 

** Untide 1 ftill my virgin knot will kcepe." Stbevbn*. 

* Iftbon doft break ber virgin knot before . 
All fanaimmims ceremonies, &c*l This, and the paflaee in 

Ferities Prince of Tyre, are mamfeft aJlulions to the zones o? the 
ancients, whi^ were worn as guardians of chaftity hy marriage- 
able young women. ** Puel&, contra, nondum viripotentes, 
hnjufinodi zonis non utebantur: quod videlicet immaturis vir* 
{uncoli^ nullum, aut certe minimum, a corruptoribus pcriculum 
immincict : quas proptexta vocabant m^irfM^y joempe difcinBtu.* 

I a 



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ii6 TEMPEST. 

With full and holy rite be minifl:cr*d. 
No fweet afperfion ' fhall the heavens let fall 
To make this contrad grow ; but barren hate, 
Sour-ey'd difdain^ and difcord^ fhall beftrew 
The union of your bed with weeds fo loathly^ 
That you ihall hate it both : therefore, take hccd» 
As Hymen's lamps (hall light you. 

Fer. As I hope 

For quiet days, fair iffue, and long life. 
With fuch love as 'tis now ; the murkieft den,^^ 
The nK)ft opportune place, the ftrong'ft fuggeftibn 
Our worfer Genius can, (hall never mdt 
Mine honour into lull ; to take away 
The edge of that day's celebration. 
When I Ihall think, or Phoebus' fteedsare founder'd^ 
Or night kept chain'd below. 

Pro. Fairly fpoke : * 

Sit then, and talk vith her, fhc is thine own.— 
What, Ariel ; my induftrious fervant Ariel ! 

Enter Ariel. 

Ari. What would my potent mafter ? here I am. 
Pro* Thou and thy meaner fellows your laft 
fervice 
Did worthily perform ; and I muft ufe you 

There is a paffagc in Nonnus, which will fufficicndy illuftratc 
Profpero's expreffion. 

^uhfifivn ir«A«jb»iry ^ wmfiow ihrp&* IkM-rff. He n L t T. 

7 No /nveet afperfion — ] Afperjion is here ufed in its prinutiYe 
{sxiSxi oi fprinkling. At prefcnt it is exprei&ve only o£ calumny 
and detraraon. Stebvens. 

* Fairly j^ir;] Fairlj is here u{ed as a trifyllable. St sevens. 



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TEMPEST. 117 

In fuch another trick : go, bring the rabble,^ 
O'er whom I give thee power, here, to this place : 
Incite them to quick motion ; fot I mud 
Bcftow upon the eyes of this young couple 
Some vanity of mine art ; * it is my promife^ 
And they exped it from me. 

^Ri. Prefently ? 

Pro. Ay, with a twink. 

jfRi. Before you can fay. Come, and go^ 
And breathe twice ; and cry, /o, Jo ; 
Each one, tripping on his toe,' 
Will be here with mop and mowe : 
Do you love me, mailer? no. 

Fro. Dearly, my delicate Ariel: Do not ap- 

Jproach, 
oft hear me call. 

Aru Well I conceive. [Exit. 

Pro. Look, thou be true ; do not give dalliance 
Too much the rein ; the ftrongert oadis are ftraw 
To the fire i'the blaod : be more abftemious. 
Or elfe, good night, your vow ! 

Frr. I warrant you, fir; 

The white-cold virgin fnow upon my heart 

9 ^^ the rabble y'\ The crew of meaner fpirits. Johnson. • 

* SomtydOBity'ef mine art \\ So, in the unprinted romance of 
]^(AR£, quoted by Mr. Warton in his diflertation on the Gefta 
XomoMorum, (a Prefix to the third Voh of the Hiflory of EngUfli 
Poetry.) 

«* The emperour faid on hygh, 
«• Sertes, thys. is a fayry, 
•* Or ellys a vanite.'* 
u e. an illufion* Stebvbns. 
3 ■' Come, and go, ■ ■ 

Each ame, tripfmg on his ioe,'] So, in Milton's VAllegro^ r. 53 3 
** Come, and trip it* as you go 
<< On the lig^t fantaftic toe." St sevens. 

13 



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ii8 TEMPEST. 

Abates the ardour of my liver. 

Prq. Well.— 

Now come, my Ariel ; bring a corollary/ 
Rather than want a fpirit ; appear, and pertly. — 
No tongue ; * all eyes ; be filent. [Soft mufick. 

A Mafque. Enter Iris. 

/i?/5. Ceres, moft bounteous lady, thy rich leas 
Of wheat, rye, barley, vetches, oats, and peafe ; 
Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling (heep. 
And flat meads thatched with ftover,* them to keep ; 
Thy banks with peonied and lilied brims,^ 
Which fpungy April at thy heft betrims, 

4 ^^...^hring a corollary,] That is, bring more than are fuffici- 
cnt, rather than fail for want of numbers. Conllary xxitxci^ fur plus • 
Corolaire, Ifx. See Cotgrave*s Dictionary. Stb evens. 

^ No ttmpu ;] Thofe who are prefcnt at incantations are oblijjed 
to be ftridy filent, «* elfe" as we art afterwards told, •« the fpell 
is marred." Johnson. 

* — thatch'd 'With ftover,] Stover (in Cambrideefhire and other 
counties) fignifies hay made of coarfe, rank aats, fuch as evea 
co^vs will not eat while it is green. Sufuer u likewife afed at 
thatch for cart4odges, and other buildings that deferve but rude 
and cheap coverings. 
The word occurs in the i^tfa Song of Drajrton's Poholbkm: 
•* To draw out fedge and r«d, for thatch zsAfivutr fit/* 
Again, in hSs Mufti* Efyscrum : 

•• Their browfe soid/owr waxing thin and fcant.*' 

Stbevbns, 

^ Thj hank wuitb peonied, and lilied brims,'] The old edition 
reads pioned and fwdled brims, which gave rife to Mr, Holt't 
conje^ure, that the poet originally wrote — 
** njuith pioned and tilled brims** 

PeoHted is the emendation of Hanmer. 

Spenfer and the author of MuUaJfes the Turk^ a tragedy, 1610, 
ufe piwirrg for digging. It is not therefore difficult to find a 
meaning tor the word as it Hands in the old copy; and remove a 
letter from twoilled, and it leaves us tilled. I am yet, however, in 
doubt whether we ought not to read Ukd brims ; for Plinj^ 



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TEMPEST. 



?i9 



To make cold nymphs chaftc crowns; and thy 

broom groves,* 
Whofe (hadow the difmilTed bachelor loves, 

B. XJCVL ch. X. mentions the luaUr-lily as a prcferver of 
chaftity; and fays, elfewhere, that the Peony medetur Faunorum 
hi ^uUte Ludibriis, &c. In a poem entitled Tif Herring's Tayle, 
4to. 1 598, '' the mayden^wff^*' is introduced. In the Arraignement 
if Paris, ic84> are mentioned 

«' The watry flow'rs, and hilus of the banks.'* 

And Edward Fencon in his Secrete Wonders' of Nature, 4to* B.VI. 
1^69* aflerts, that ** the water-Iify mortifieth altogether the appe- 
tite of fenfoalitie, and defends from unchafte thoughts and dreames 
of venery." 

In die 20th fong of Drayton's Pofyolhion, the Naiades are re- 
prefented as makin? chaplets with all the tribe of aquatic flowers ; 
and Mr. Toilet informs me, that Lyte's Herbal fays, ** one kind 
of peonie is called by fome, maiden or *virgin peonie." 

In Ovid's Banquet of Sen/e, by Chapman, i ^9^, I meet with 
the following ilanza, m which twill- fonts are enumerated among 
flowers : 

•* White and red jafmines, merry, mcUiphill, 
" Fair crown imperial, emperor of lowers ; 
** Immortal amaranth, white aphrodill, 
*• And cup-like t'will-pants ftrew'd in Bacchus' bowers.'* 

If tnjoill be the ancient name of any flower, the old readings 
fwned and twilled^ may ft^d. Stebvens. 

Mr. Warton, in his notes upon Milton, after fllently acquiefcing 
in the fubilitution o£ pioniediot fioned, produces from the arcades 
*' Ladon's lillied banks," as an example to countenance a further 
change of fwilled to lillied, which, accordingly, Mr. Rann hath 
foift^ into the text. But before fuch a licence is allowed, may 
it not be aiked — ^If the word pionied can any where be found ? — 
or (admitting fuch a verbal from peon]^, like Milton'^ lillied from 
iily, to exift)-^On the banks of wnat river do peonies grow ?-^ROr 
(if the banks of any river (hould be diicovered to yield them) 
whether they and the lilies that, in conunon with them, betrlm 
thofe banks, be the produce o£ fpungy April ? — Or, whence it 
can be gathered that Iris here is at all fpeaking; of the banks of a 
river f — and, whether, as the bank in (^ueftion is the property, 
not of a water-nymph, but of Ceres, it is not to be conhdered 
as an objedl of her care ? — Hither die Goddefs of hufljandry is 
rq)refented as reforting, becaufe at the approach of fpring, it 
becomes needful to repair the banks (or mounds) of the /it?/ meads ^ 
whofe grafs not only fliooting over, but being more fucculent 

I 4 



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I20 TEMPEST. 

Being lafs-lom;' thy pole-clipt vineyard ;• 
And thy fea-marge^ ftcril, and rocky-hard, 

than that of the /«r^ MOff«/a/«/» would» for want of this precaution, 
be devoured, and fo the intended ^ver [hay, or ^winter keef^ 
with which thefe meads are proleptically defcribed as Thatched, 
be loft. 

The giving way and caving in of the brims of thofe banks, 
occafionra by the heat, rains, and frofts of the preceding year, 
are made good^ l^y opening the trenches from whence the banks 
themfelves were at fir(t raif^, and facing them up afrefh with the 
mire thofe trenches contain. This being done, the brims of the 
banks are, in the poet's language, pioned^xA t*wilUd,--^Mi. Warton 
himfelf, in a note upon Comus, hath cited a paffage in which 
f toners are explained to be diggers [rather trenchers'^ and Mr. 
Steevens mentions Spenfer and the author of Muleades, as both 
ufing pktting for digging, TwiLLBD is obvioufly formed from 
the participk of the French verb touiUer, which Cotgrave interprets 
filthily to mix or mingle ; confound orjbuffle together ; bedirt ; begrime ; 
befmear: — ^fignifications that join to confirm the explanation here 
given. 

This bank tsfith pioned and ttvilled brims is defcribed, as trimmed^ 
at the beheft of Ceres ^ h/P'^^iJ April, with flowers, to make cold 
nymphs chafte crowns, Thefe flowers were ndikeT feonies nor lilies^ 
for they never blow at this feafon^ but ** ladylmocks all iilver 
white," which during this humid month, ftart up in abundance 
on fuch banks, and thrive like oats on the fame kind of foil : — 
•* Avoine touiUee croiji comme enragie.^^-^ThsX OU changes into W, 
in words derived from the French, is apparent in cordwamer, from 
r9r^ouamr«fr, and many others, Henlbt. 

Mr. Henley's note contends for fmall proprieties, and abounds 
with minute obfervation. fiut that Shakfpeare was no diligent 
Bbtanift, may be afcertained from hb erroneous defcriprions of a 
Cowjlip, (in the Tempeft and Cymbeline) for who ever heard it cha- 
radlerized as a belUJbaped flower, or could allow the drops at the 
bottom of it to be of a crimfon hue ? With equal careleifnefs, or 
want of information, in the Winter* s Tale he enumerates " lilies 
ci all kinds ;* amone the children of the fprine, and as contempo- 
raries with the damxlil, the jprimrofe, and the violet. It might 
be added, (if we vasiSifpeak iy the card) that wherever there is a 
bank there is a ditch ; where there is a ditch there may be water ; 
and where there is water the aquatic lilies may flourilh, whether 
the bank in queftion belongs to a river or a field. — Thefe are 
petty remarks, but they are occafioned by petty cavils. — It was 
enough for our author that Peonies and Lilies were well-known 



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TEMPEST. 121 

Where thou thyfelf do'ft air : The queen o* the (ky, 
Whofe watery arch, and meflenger, am I, 
Bids thee leave thefe ; j^nd with her fovereign grace. 
Here on this grafs-plot, in this very place. 
To come and fport : her pesvcocks fly amain ; 
Approach, rich Ceres, her to entertain. 

flowers* ^d he placed them on any banic, and produced them in 
any of the genial months^ that particularly fuited his purpofe. He 
who has confounded the cufloms of different ages and nations^ 
mi^t eafily confound the produce of the feafons. 

That hia documents i/r Rf Rt(fiica were more exa£l« is equally 
improbable. He regarded objeds of Agriculture^ &c. in the 
grofs, and little thought, when he meant to beflow fome orna^ 
mental epithet on the banks appropriated to a Goddefs, that a 
future Clitic wo\i^ wi(h him to ^y their Brims wcrtfi/thtlf mhced 
or mingled^ confounded or Jhuffled together ^ bedirted, pfgrinied, and 
hefmeared. Mr. Henley, however, nas not yet proved the exift- 
ence of the derivative which he hbours to introduce as an Englifh 
word ; por will the lovers of elegant defcription wtfh him much 
fuccefs m his attempt* Unconvinced therefore by his ilri^ures, 
I fliall not exclude a border of flowers to make room for the graces 
of the fpade, or what Mr. Pope, in his Dunciad, has ftyled — ** the 
majefty of mud." STEBysNt* 

« ^^and thy broom ^#vi;«r,] A groye o( broom, I believe* was 
never heard of, as it is a low fhmb and not a tree* Hanmer very 
elegantly reads, £f0<x4;/r groves. Steevens. 

' Difappointed lovers are ftill faid to wear the ivilloiv, and in 
thefe lines broom groves are aiSgned to that unfortunate tribe for a 
retreat. This may allude to £me old cuftom. We (till fay that 
a hufl>and bangs out the broom when his wife goes from home for a 
fliort time*; and on fuch occafions a broom belom has been exhibi- 
ted as a fignal that the houfe was freed from uxorial reftraint, and 
where the mafter might be conildered as a temporary bachelor. 
Broom grove may fignify broom bujbes. See Grava m Cowels 

Law Dldl. ToLLET. 

9 Being lafs-lorA ;] La/sJom is fbrfaken of his miftrefs. So 
Spenfer : 

•* Who after that he had lair Una /«r».'* STSEVEfrs. 

• — - thyfo/e-dipt vineyard ;] To clip is to t^-ine round or embrace. 
The poles are clifd or embraced by the vines* Vineyard \a here 
nfed as a trifyllable. Stbevxns* 



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iM TEMPEST; 

Enter Ceres. 

Cer. Hail, many-colour *d meflenger, that nc*cr 
Doll difobey the wife of Jupiter ; 
Who, with thy faffron wings, upon my flowers 
Diffufeft honey-drops, refrefhing Ihowers ; 
And with each end of thy blue bow doft crown 
My bofky acres,* and my unftirubb'd down. 
Rich fcarf to my proud earth ; Why hath thy queen 
Summoned me hither, to this fliort-grafs'd green ?* 

Iris. A contract of true love to celebrate ; 
And fome donation freely to eftate 
On the blefs'd lovers. 

Crr. Tell me, heavenly bow. 

If Venus, t)r her fon, as thou doft know. 
Do now attend the queen ? fince they did plot 
The means, that dufky Dis my daughter got^ 
Her and her blind boy's fcandal'd company 
I have forfworn^ 

Iris. Ofherfociety 

Be r\ot afraid : I met her deity 
Cutting the clouds towards Paphos ; and her fon 
Dove-drawn with her: here thought they to have 

done 
Some wanton charm upon this man and maid, 
Whofe vows are, that no bed-rite Ihall be paid 

* My boiky Mres, 8tcJ] Bojky is woody. Bofky acres are ficldt 
divided from each other by hedge-rows, Bofcm i$ middle Latift 
for iMood, Bofquetj Fr. So Milton : 

" And every hofify bourn from fide to fide." 
Again » in K. Edivard /. 1 599 : 

*« Hale hira from hence, and in this hojky wood 

*« Bury his corps.** Steevbns, 

^ — tQ this (hort-grafs'd green ?] The old copy reads (koxt-gras* ^ 
green, Short-grcnCd green mtdXiH^ grazed Jo as to be Jhort. The 
correction was made by Mr» Rowe. Steevbns, 



} 



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TEMPEST. 133 

Till Hymen's torch be lighted : but in vain j 
Mars*s hot minion is returned again ; 
Her wafpifti-headed fon has broke his arrows. 
Swears he will (hoot no more, but play with ijpar« 

rows. 
And be a boy right out. 

Cbr. Higheft queen of ftate/ 

Great Juno comes; I know her by her gait. 

Enter Juno, 

JuN. How does my bounteous lifter? Go with 
me. 
To blefs this twain, that they may profperous be. 
And honoured in their iflue. 

SONG. 

Juno. Honour^ riches, marriageJfleffing, 
Long continuance, and increajing^ 
Hourly joys beftill upon you ! 
Junofmgs her blejjings on you. 

* Higheft puen offtate. 
Great ytmo comes; I knonv her fy her gaiL^ Mr. Whalfey 
tiiinks this paHkffe a remarkable inftance of Shakfpeare's knowled&e 
of ancknt poetic ftoiy ; and that the hint was fumifhed by tte 
Divum sMcedo Regina of Virgil. 

John Taylor, the water-jpoet, fleclares, that he never learned 
his Accidence^ and that Laun and French were to him Heathen 
Greek; yet, by the help of Mr. Whalley's argument, I will 
prove him a learned man, in fpite of every thing he may fay to the 
contrary : for thus he makes a gallant addrefs his lady ; ** Moft 
incftimable ma^zine of beauty ! in whom the port and majefty 
of Juno, the wifdom of Jove's brain-bred girle, and the feature 
of Cytherea, have their domeflical habitation." Farmer. 

jSo, in The Arraignement of Paris ^ 1 584 : 

<* Firft ftatdie J wo, with her porte and grace." 

Stbetsns, 



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124 TEMPEST. 

Cer. Earth* s increaje^ andjhi/on plenty ; ^ 
Bams^ and garners never empty ; 
Vines, with dufiying Imncbes growing i 
Plants, with goodly turden btfwing^ 
Spring come to you, at tbefartheft. 
In the very end ofharvefil 
Scarcity, and want, Jballjhunyou ; 
Ceres* hiding Jo is on you. 

Fer. This is a moft majeftic vifion^ and 
Harmonious charmingly ; * May I be bold 

* Earth's incrcafe^ anifoifin plenty ; &c.] All the editions, that 
I have ever feen, concur in j>lacinff this whote fonnet to Jono %r 
but very abiurdly, in my opinion, i oelieve every accnnite reader, 
who is acquainted with poetical hiftory^ and. the diftanft oftces of 
thefe two goddeifes, and who then ferioufly reads over our author's 
lines, will agree with me, that Ceres's name ought to have been 
placed where I have now prefixed it, Theobald. 

And is not in the old copy. It was added by the editor of die 
fecond folio. Earth's ikcreajt, is. the frmtuce of the eaidL The 
cxpieflion is fcriptural : ** Then fluill the earth brin^ forth her 
hicrea/e, and God, even our God. Ihall give us hu blefling,'* 
Psalm Ixvii. Malomb* 

This is one amoifgft a-multitudeof emendations which Mr. Malonc 
acknowledges to have been introduced by the Editor of the fecond 
Folio; and ytt^ in contradi^ou to himfclf in his Prd^goraena, 
he depreciates the fecond edition, as of no importance or value. 

Fevtoit. 

7 — fo\£asi plenty {^ L e. plenty^ to theutmoft abundance ; y^&v 
fignifying plenty, bee p. 62. Stbxvbns. 
' * Harmoitiotu cbarmingfy :] Mr. Edwards would read : 
*• Harmomiom charming lay." 
For though (fays he) the benedi^on is fung by two goddefles, it 
is yet but one hy or hymn. I believe, however, this pafiage ap- 
pears as it was written by the poet, vHo, ibr the &e of the 
verfe, made the words change places. 

We mizht read (transferring the laft {yllable of the fecond word 
to the end of the firft) ** Harmonious/p charmin|;." 

Ferdinand has already praiied this aerial Malque as an obje^ of 
fight i and may not improperly or melcgantly fttbjob> tKat the 



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TEMPEST. 125 

To think thefe fpirits ? . 

Pro. Spirits, which by. mine art 

I have from their confines call'd to enad 
My prefent fancies. 

Ffr. Let me live here everi 

So rare a wonder'd father,* and a wife. 
Make this place Paradife. 
[Juno and Ceres wbi/per^ and/end Ikjs on emplcyment.y 

Pro. Sweet now, filence : 

Juno and Ceres whifper ferioufly ; 
There's fomething elfe to do : hufli^ and be mute. 
Or elfe our fpell is marr*d. 

Iris. You n3rmphs» call'd Naiads> of the wan- 
dring brooks,' 
With your fedg'd crowns, and ever-harmlefs looks. 
Leave your crifp channels/ and on this green land 
Anfwer your fummons ; Juno does command : 
Come, temperate nymphs, and help to celebrate 
A contraft of true lovc; be not too late. 



ctiann of found was added ta that of vifiblc grandear. Both Jano 
and Cciea are ioppofed to fing their parts. Steevens. 

A fimilar mverfion occurs in jf Mid/ummer Nights Dream : 
« But mifirraile m^ to IbfeVirlov'd^'* MALONfi. 

t .^0 wondtr'i fiaier,] u e. a father able to perform or pro 
dace fnch wonders. Steevens. 

< — wandring Brooks,'] The modern editors read--^//riSr«^ hrooks* 
The old capy^-^^wimfptxgk I fuppofe we fhould read— -^wofl^x/, a* 
it b here printed* Stbetims. 

4 Leave jour criip chameltf] Crifp, i. e. curlings tuittdhig^ Lat* 
cri/fus^ So Hetny IV. Part L Ad I. fc. iv. Hotipttr, fpeaking of 
the river Severn : 

« And hid his oiy^i head in the hollow bank." 

CriJ^t however, masf aflude to the little wave or curl (as it it 
commonlji catted) that the gcntleft wind occafiont on the fur&ce of 
waters. Stbeveks« 



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126 TEMPEST. 

Enter certain Nymphs. 

You fun-burii'd ficklemen^ of Auguft weaiy. 
Come hither from the furrow, and be merry i 
Make holy-day : your rye-ftraw hats put on. 
And thefe frelh nymphs encounter every one 
In country footing. 

Enter certain Reapers ^property habited: they join with 
the Nymphs in a graceful dance ; towards the end 
whereof rKO%9:£.KoJlartsfuddenlyy and/peaks ; after 
which ^ to aftrange^ hollow^ and confufed noife^ they 
heavily vanifb. 

Pro. [qfide.] I had forgot that foul conlpiracy 
Of the bead Caliban, and his confederates, 
Againft my life ; the minute of their plot 
Is almoft come. — ^To tbefpirits.} Well done; — 
avoid ; — no more. 

Fer. This is mod Ilrange : ♦ your father's in 
fome paflion 
That works him ftrongly. 

MiRA. Never till this day. 

Saw I him touch'd w;ith anger fo diftemper'd. 

Pro. You do look, my fon, in a mov'd fort> 
As if you were difmay'd : be cheerful, fir: 
Our revels now are ended : thefe our adors. 
As I foretold you, were all fpirits, and 
Are melted into air, into thin air : 
And, like the bafelefs fabrick of this vifion,' 



4 This is moft ftrange : J I hav« introdaced the word^— m^, on 
account of the metre, which ocherwife is defisftive.-^In tfawe firft 
line of Profpero's next fpeech there is likewifc an omiffioQ, bat I 
have not ventured to fupply it. Stbbvens. 

* And^ like the bafelefs fahrick of this tuifitm, SccJ] The Ctaft 
period at which this play was produced is unknown ; it was not. 



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TEMPEST. 127 

The cloud-capt towers, the gorgeous palaces^ 
The folemn temples, the great globe itfelf. 
Yea, all which it inherit,^ (hall diflblve ; 
And, like this infubftantial pageant faded,^ 

hoi^^ever, pnbliflicd before 1625. In the year 1605, the Tragei^ 
pfDaHtu, hy Lord Sterlinc, made its appearance, and there I bxA 
the following paf!age : 

«* Let greatnefs of her glafly (cepters vaunt, 

" Notfccpters, no, but reeds, foonbruis*d, foon broken; 
•• And let this worldly pomp our wits enchant, 

«' All fades, and fcarcelv leaves behind a token. 
" Thofe golden palaces, thofe gorgeous halls, 

•* With furniture fuperfluoufly fair, 
«* Thofe ftately courts, thoft iky-encount*ring walls, 
*« Evanifh all like vapours in the air." 
Lord Sterlinc's play muft have been written before the death of 
(jueen Elizabeth , (which happen'd on the 24th of March 1603} as 
it b dedicated to Jama VI. King of Scots, 

Whoever Hiould icck for this paflage (as here quoted from the 
4to, 1603) in the folio edition, 1637, ^^^^ ^ difappointed, at 
Lord Sterline made confiderable changes in all his plays, sdfter 
their firfl publication. Stsevens. 

6 — allivhicb it inherit,] i. e. all who pofTefs, who dwell upon 
it. So, in The Tivo Gentlemen of Verona: 

*' This, or elfe nothing, will wi&fr// her," Ma lone. 

^ And^ like this infuiffiantial p;jLgcaxit hded,] Faded me2ja htrt-^ 
having vanifhed ; from the Latin, vado. So, in Hamlet : 
*' It faded on the crowing of the cock." 

To feel the juAice of this comparifon, and the propriety of tho 
epithet, the nature of thefe exhibitions (hould be remembered. 
The ancient Englilh pageants were ihows exhibited on the recep- 
tion of a prince, or any other folcmnity of a iimilar kind. They 
were prcfented on occafional flages eredlcd in the ftreets. Origi- 
nally they appear to have been nothing more than dumb (hows ; 
but before the time of our author, they had been enlivened by the 
introdu^on of fpeaking perfonages, who were- charadleriflically 
habited. The Ipeeches were fometimes in verfe; and as the pro- 
ceifion moved forward, the fpeakers, who confbntly bore (omc 
allufion to the ceremony, either converfed together in the form 
of a dialogue, or addrefl*ed the noble perfon whofe prefcnce occa^ 
iioned the celebrity. On thefe allegorical fpedacles very coftly 
ornaments were beftowed. See Fabian, 11. 3.82. W^itOTd Hjfi. of 
PoetAL 199, 202. 



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128 TEMPEST. 

Leave not a rack behind : • Wc arc fuch ftufF 



The well-known lines before us may receive fome illuftratioii 
from Stowe's account of the pageants exhibited in the year 1604^ 
(not very long before this play was written,) on King James, his 
Queen, Sec. paffing triumphantly from the Tower to Wcftminfter ; 
on which occafion {even Gates or Arches were eredled in difierent 
places through which the proceiHon pafTed. — ^Over the firft gate 
** was reprefented the true likenefs of all the notable houfes, 
•« Towers and fleeples, within the citie of London." — '* The 
•• fixt arche or gate of triumph was ereded above the Conduit in 
«* Flcctc-Strcete, whereon the Globe of the world was fcen to 
«• move, &c. At Temple-bar a feaventh arche or gate was ercd- 
•* ed, the forefront whereof was proportioned in every rcfpeft like 
•* a Temple, being dedicated to Janus, &c. — ^The citie of Weft- 
'* miiifler, and dutchy of Lancafler, at the Strand had erected 
*« the invention of a Rainbow, the moone, funne, and ftarres, 
«* advanced between two Pyramidcs," &c. Annals, p. 1429, 
edit. 1605. Ma LONE. 

' Leave mi a rack behind :'\ ** The winds (fays lord Bacon) 
which move the clouds above, which we call the rack, and 
are not perceived below, pafs without noife." I (hoold explain 
the word rack fomewhat mfierently, by calling it tie laft fleeting 
•ueftige of the higheft clouds ^ fcarce ferceptihle on accmnt of their diftance 
and tenuity. What was anciently caHed the rack, is now termed by 
£iilors — ^the^i/« 

The word is common to many authors contemporary with 
Shakfpearc. So, in the Faithful Sbepherdefs, by Fletcher: 

" fhall I ftray 

*' In the middle air, and (bty 

*« The failing rack." 

Again, in Da^id and Bethfahe, 1 509 : 

" Beating the clouds into tneir fwifteft rack.^* 
Again, in the prologue to the l^hree Ladies of London, 1 584 : 

*« We lift not ride the rolling rack that dims the chryftal fldes." 
Again> in Shakfpeare's ^x^ Sonnet : 

'* Anon permits the bafeft clouds to ride 

«• With ugly rack on his celeftial face.'* 
Mr. Pennant in his Tour in Scotland obferves, there is a fifh 
called a mr^-ridcr, becaufe it appears in winter or bad weather ; 
Rack, in the Engliih of our author's days, fignifying the driving of 
the ilouds bj tempefts. 

Sir T. Hanmer inftead of rack, reads track, which may be 
countenanced by the following palTage in the firft fcene of Timok 
of Athens: 



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TEMPEST. 129 

As dreams are made of/ and our little life 

Is rounded with a fleep. — Sir» I am vex'd^ 

Bear with my weaknels ; my old brain is troubled* 

Be not dilhirb'd with my infirmity : 

If you be pleas'd^ retire into my cell. 

And there repofe ; a turn or two 1*11 walk. 

To ftill my beating mind. 

«* Bttt flies an eagle flight, bold, and fi>rth on^ 
** Leawimg no tra3 behind. * Stbbvbns* 

Rack is generaUy ufcd for a body of clouds^ or rather for the emtrft 
rfclondt in motion ; fo, in Antony end Cleopatra : 

**^ That which is npw a horfe, even with a thooght, 
" The rack diflimns." 
Bat no inftance has yet been prodaced where it is ufed to fignify, 
a fin^Jmall fleeting cloudy in which fcnfe only it can be figarative- 
ly applied hm. I incline, therefore, to Sir Thomas Hanmer'a- 
emendation. 

I am now inclined to think that rack is a mis-fpelline for 
nvreulf, u e. *wreck, which Fletcher likewife has nfed for a mmate 
hrofcto frasment. See his Wife fir a Mouthy where we find the 
word mis-&lt as it b in The Temfeft: 

« He will bulge fo fubtiUy and foddenl^, 

'* You may fnatch him up by parcels, like zfea-racL'* 

It has been ur^^, that ** obje^ which have only a vifionary 
and infubflantial exiftence, can, when the vifion is faded, leave 
nothing real, and confeauently no wreck behind them.'' But 
die o^effion is founded on mifaDprehenfion. The words-* 
** Leave not a rack (or wreck) bemnd," relate not to ** the 
bafelefs fabrick of this vifion," out to the final deftrudlion qf the 
world, of which the towers, temples, and palaces, (hall [like a 
vifion» or a pageant,} be diflblved, and leave no veftige behind. 

Malonb. 

9 At dreams are made of,] The old copy reads on* But this is 
a mere colloquial vitiation; of among the vulgar, being ftill 
pronounced-- *««• St&bvbns. 

The ftanza which immediately precedes the lines ouoted by 
Mr. Steevens from Lord Sterline's Darius, may ferve ftill farther 
to confirm the conjefture that one of diefe poets imitated the 
other. Our. author was, I believe, the imitator. 

" And when the eclipfe comes of our g;lory's lights 

** Then what avails the adoring of a name ? 
'^ A meer ilhifion made to mock the fight ^ 
•* Whofebcft wasbut the (hadow of a dream'' Malon p. 

Vol. III. K 



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130 TE>MPEST/ 

FkR. MiR4^ Wt wiih yo^r peace* 

Fro^ Came with t thought: — I thank y<m^— 
Ariel, eome.* 

Enter Ariel. 

JIri. Thy thoughts I cleave to:' What's thy 
. pleafure? 

Pro. Spirit, 

We muft prepare to meet with Caliban/ 

Aru Ay, my commander: when I prefented 
Ceres, 
I thought to have told thee of it; but I fear'd, 
X^ft I might anger thee. 

Pro. Say again, where didft thou leave thefc 
varices ? 

A»!. I told you, fir, they were red-hot with 
drinking; 



* Fcr. Mir. Wewfiyourfeace. 
Pro. Come aviti a tbatgbi: — / thank yon l^^ Ariel, MMf.] 
The old copy reads << .— I thank thee." But thefe thanks be« 
ine in reply to the joint wifh of Ferdinand and Miranda^ I have 
iubftitated jou for tbee, by the advice of Mr. Ritfon. 

STKETaNS* 

3 Thytbwgbtt I cleaveto:] Tocleave t§, is tomuit*wifb eUfify^ 
So« in Macbeth : 

** Like our ftrange garments, fjrtftv not ii9 their mould.'* 
Again: 

'' If you (hall clea^ to my qonfent." STSBViHt. 

4 -— to meet with Ca/i^inr.] To meet nvi/h is to toaateraS % to 
play ibaugem againft ftratagenu^-7'^ tarfon huws the temper if 
rvery one in hit hom/e, and accordingfy either meets with their nncesi 
or oihances their njirtnet. HaaBEar'a Countfy Par/on. JohnsoK^ 

So> in Cynthia's Re<uenie, 161 5 : 

" ■■ Yoa may meet 

** With her abufive malice, and exempt 
** Yourfeif from the fufpicion of revenge/* Steevens^ 



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TEMPEST, 131 

So full of valour^ that they fmote the air 
For breathing in their £ices $ beat the ground 
For killing of their feet : yet always bending 
Towards their proje<9: : Then I beat my tabor. 
At which, like unback'd colts, they prick'd ^eif 

ears. 
Advanced their eye-lids,' lifted up their nofes^ 
As they fmelt mufick ; fo I charmed their ears. 
That, calf-like, they my .lowing followed, through 
Tooth'd briers, ftxarp furzes, pricking gofs,* and 

thorns. 
Which entered their frail Ihins : at laft I left them 

* Advant^d their eyeJids^ &c.] .Thus Drayton^ in Ub Njmfifdia, 
pr Ceurt ofFairie : 

*• Bat once the circle got within, 

** The channs to work do^ ftraight begin, 

** And he was caught as in a gin: 

" For as he thus was bufy, 
** A pain he in his head-mece feels. 
" Againft a ftubbed treene reels, 
•* And up wcht poor Hobgoblin's heels : 

'*. Alas, Us brain was dSzzy. 
*' At length upon his feet be gett, 
^* Hobg<»)lin liiraes, Hobgomin frets ; 
^' And as again he forward fets, 

*« And t£rongh the baihes fcrambles, 
'' A ftump do£ hit him in his pace, 
" Down comes poor Hob upon ids (ace, 
** And lamentably tore his cafe 
** Among the briers and brambles." Johnson. 
' ^ '^frickmg gofs,] I know not how Shakfpeare dillingulflied^ 
go/s from furzi ; tot what he calls y«nc^ is called go/s or gor/e in the 
oudland counties. 
This word is ufcd in the firft choras to Kyd*s Comelta, i C94 : 
** With worthlefs^flf/^ that, yearly, fruitlefs dies.'^ 

Steevbns, 

By the latter, Shakfpeare means the bw (brt of ^rfe that only 
grows upon wet erouna» and which is well defcribed by tliC name 
of ^bins in Ma!ncham*s Farewell to Hujhandry^ It lias prickles 
like thofe on a rofe-tree or a goofeberry. Fur%e and luhiw occur 
together in Dr, Farmer's quoution from Holinflied. Tol^et, 

K 2 



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132 T E M P E S T. 

I* the filthy mantled pool ^ beyond your cell. 
There dancing up to the chins, that the foul lake 
O'er-ftunk their feet. 

Pro. This was well done, my bird : 
Thy ihape invifible retain thou ftill : 
The trumpcty in my houfe, go, bring it hither, . 
For ftale to catch thefe thieves.* 

Aru I go, I go. [Exit. 

Pro. a devil, a born devil, on whofe nature 
Nurture can never (lick ; ' on whom my pains. 
Humanely taken, all, all loft, quite loll;* 
And as, with age, his body uglier grows. 
So his mind cankers : ' I will plague them all. 

Reenter Ariel louden with glijlering apparel^ (jc^ 
Even to roaring : — Come, hang them on this line. 

7 r the fibhj mantled pooI-^'\ VexhsLiM we fhoold read — ^filtfa- 
jmantled. — A umilar idea occurs in K. Lear: 

<< Drinks the green »»»/& of the ibmding/M/." Stuvbks. 

' For ftale to catch tbefe thwoet^ Stale is a word \sifawlmg9 and 
is ufed to mean a bait or decoy to catch birds. 

So, in A Looking gia/sfor London and England^ 1 61 7 : 
<< Hencetoolsofwrathy,^^^;/ of temptation!" 
Again, in Green's Mamillia, 'f9S * ** — ^^ ^ might not ftrike 
at At /ale, left (he were canvaded in the nets." Stbbvbms, 

9 Nurture can never ftick\] Nurture is education. Stbbvbns. 

* -—all, all loft ^ The firft of thefe words was probably intro* 
duced by the careleOTnefs of the tranfcribcr or compofitor. We 
might f^dy read— «r^ all loft. Ma lo k e. 

^ And as ^ njoith age^ bis body uglier grows , 
. So his Mind catdters .'1 Shaklpeare, when he wrote this descrip- 
tion, perhaps recoUeAed what nis patron's moft btimate friend, 
the great lord Eflex, in an hour of difcontent, faid of queen 

Elizabeth ; *< that fie grew old and canker* dy and that her mind 

*was become as crooked as her carcafe:** a fpeech, which, accord- 
ing to Sir Walter Raleigh, coft him his head, and which, we 
may therefore fuppofe, was at that time much talked of. This 
play bdne written in the time of king James, thefe obnoxious 
words mi^t be iafely repeated, Malojtb. 



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Oc^rji. 



TE^MPEST, 



c/nm^/ 



) 







JMrBABJ>jBiJET^^M^ CUuu:/e^^^/TRi2rczri:.d. 



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TEMPEST. 133 

ProsP£RO and Ariel remain invijible. Enter 
Caliban^ Stephano^ ^^^Trinculo^ all wet. 

Cal. Pray you, tread fofUy, that the blind mole 
may not 
Hear a foot fall : ^ we now are near his cell. 

SrE. Monfter, your faiiy, which, you fay, is a 
harmlefs fairy, has done little better than play'd 
the Jack with us.* 

Trin. Monfter, I do fmell all horfe-pifs; at 
which my nofe is in great indignation* 

SrE. So is mine. Do you hear, monfter? If 
I ihould take a difpleafure againft you ; look 
you,— 

Trin. Thou wert but a loft monften 

Cal. Good my lord, give me thy favour ftill : 
Be patient, for the prize PU bring thee to 
Shall hood- wink this mifchance : therefore, (peak 

foftly ; 
Alps hulh*d as midnight yet* 

Triit. Ay, but to lofe our bottles in the pool,— 

SrE. There is not only difgrac * and diihonour 
in that, monfter, but an inflnlte lofs. 

TRtN. That's more to me than my wetting : yet 
this is your harmlefs fairy, monfter. 

4 ,^^the hlHid molt may not 
Hear a foot /at/:} This quality of hearing which the mole it 
fuppofed to poflefs in to high a degree, is mentioned in Eaphnes, 
4to. t;8i, p. 64, *' Doth not the licm for ftrength, the turtle for 
love, the ant for laboar« excel man ? Doth not the eagle iee deareir^ 
die vnlture fmell better, tie moate heart tighttjerf*' Rbid, 

* — hat dme littte tetter tham ptaj^'d the Tack with utJ\ i. e. Ife 
haa plaved Jack with a tantem; has led us abost like an f/«/ 
faimu, by which tiavellen are decoyed into die mire. Johnson* 

K3 



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134 TEMPEST. 

Ste. I will fetch off my bottle, though I be o'er 
ears for my labour. 

Cjl. Pr'ythee, my king, be quiet: Seeft thou 
' here. 
This is the mouth o* the cell : no noifc, and enter: 
Do that good mifchief^ which may make this ifland 
Thine own for ever, and I, thy Caliban, 
For aye thy foot-licker. 
StE. Give me thy hand: I do b^in to have 

bloody thoughts. 
Trii^. O king Stephano! O peer! O worthy 
Stephanol look, what a wardrobe here is for 
thee!^ 
Oi. Let it alone, thou fool ; it is but tralh. 

Trin. O, ho, monffer ; we know what belongs 
to a frippery : ^— O king Stephano ! 

Ste. Put off that gown, Trinculo; by this 
hand, PU have that gown. 

Trin. Thy grace fludl have it. 

Oi. The.drppfy drown this fool! what do yob 
mean, 

• Trin. O iiM StefbanoF O feer! O ftmrthy Stefianf Uk 
mahat a mgarinhebert is fir tbie /] The hnmoor of thele lines con- 
fifts in their being an allufion to an old celebrated bdlad, which 
begins thus: King Stephen nvaf m mwrdy peer^-'-^xA celebrates thit 
king's parfimony with regard to his ouan/roif .^-^-There are two 
fiaiuas of this ballad in Othello. Warburton. 

The old ballad is printed at large in The lUliptes of Ancieat 
feetry. Vol. I. Perot. 

1 m^fuie imnv nuhat belongs to a frippery :] A frippery was a 
bop where old clothes were fold. Fripferiet Fr. 

Beaumont and Fletcher ufe the word ui this fenie^ in WU nioitk 
mi Money, Aft II : 

*♦ As if I were a running/r/^/m^.** ^ 
So, UkMonJUur d* Olive^ a coin^y> by Chapnuuij x6o6: " Pal&ag 



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TEMPEST. 135 

To doat thus on fuch lug^ge? Lefs along/ 
And do the murder firft ; if he awake> 
From toe to crown he'tl fill our (kins with pinches ; 
Make us ftrange ftufF. 

Stb. Be you quiet, monller. — Miftrcfs line, is 
not this my jerkin ? Now is the jerkin under the 
line:' now, jerkin, you are like to lofe your 
1^, and prove a bald jerkin. 

yefterday bf ^ frippety^ I feied two of them liangia^ oQt at 
a ftall> with a gambrell tfarnft from fhoulder to (hotilder/ 
The perfon who kept one of thefe ihops^ was called %frifterm 
Stiype, in the life of Stowe, fays^ that thefe friffen Utoi in 
Birchm^lane and CornhiU. Stbbvbns. 

' — £<f'/along»] Fiiftedit. Zrf'/ alone* Johnson. 
I belieye the poet wrote : 

«* Let£f aIone« 

«• And do the murder fiift." • 
Caliban had ufed the fame expreffion before. Mr. Theobald 
read»-4et'8 along. Malonb* 

Let*s alone, may meaiv-*Let you and I only «> to commit tht 
murder* leaving Trinculo, who is fo folicitous about the tr^ of 
drefs, behind us. Stbevkns. 

9 -^mtder the liite :] An allufion to what often happens to peo^ 

pie who pafs the line* The violent fevers, which mey Contrad 

m that hot climate* make them lofe their hair. Edwards' MSS. 

Perhaps the allufion is to a more indelicate difeafc than any 

peculiar to the equinoxiaL 

So* in The NM Soldier, 1631 : 

<* 'Tis hot going under Ac i!6vr there." 
Again* in Lady Alimmrf, 165^ ; 
<* -'— Looktotheclime 
<< Where you inhabit ; that's the torrid zone : 
•* Yea, there goes the hair away." 
Shakfpeare Teems to defign an equivoque between the equinoxial 
and the girdle of a woman. 

^ It may be neceflarr* however* to obferve* as a further elucida- 
tion of this miferable jeft* that the lines on which clothes axp 
hung* are ufually m»de of twifted faorfe-jfta/r. Stibvbns^ 



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136 TEMPEST- 

Trin. Do, do : We ileal by line and level, and't 
like your grace* 

Ste. 1 thank thee for that jeft ; here*s a nrment 
for't : wit fliall not go unrewarded, while I am 
king of this country : S^eal by line and levels is an 
excellent pafs of pate; there's another garment 
for't. 

7ii/y. Monfter, come, put fbme lime* upon 
your fingers, and away with the reft. 

C4L. I will have, none on't : we fhall lofe our 
time. 
And all be turn'd to barnacles, or to apes ' 
With foreheads villainous low/ 



% ^^futfimMmt, kcJ] Thatb, Urdlinu. Johnson, 
So» in Green's Di/patathm bettveeu a He and She CaKjcaicher, 
1592 : ** — mine eyes are ftauls, and my hands iime twigs." 

Steevens. 

S — to barnacles, or to uVJr— ] Skinner ftys barnacle is An/er 
Scoticuf. The barnacle is a kind of iheil-fi(h growing on the bot- 
toms of fhips, and which was anciently fnppofed, when broken oflT* 
to become one of thefe geefe. Hall, in his Firgidemiartcm, lib. iv* 
ikt. 2. ieems to favour 3us fnppofition : 

** The Scottilh barnacle ^ if I might chooTe^ 
*' That of a worme doth waxe a winged goofe/' itz. 
So likewife Marfton« in his Malecontent, 1604: 

** like your Scotch barnacle, now a block, 

** Inftantly a worm, and preiently a ffreat eoofe." 
** There are" (favs Gerard, m his Herbal, edit* i;97» page 
1391) *^ in the nortn parts of Scotland certaine trees, whoocon 
do grow (hell-fifhes, ice. Sec. which, falling into the water, do 
become fowls, whom we call bamailes; in the north of England 
irant ^eefe ; sind in Lancafhire tree geefe.^* icz. 

-This vidgar error defervesno ierious confutation* Commend 
me, however, to Holinfhed, (Vol. I. p. ^8.) who declares him- 
felf to have feen the feathers of thefe barnacles *' hang out of the 
ihcll at leaft two inches." And in the ij^ fon^ of Drayton's 
Poljolbion, the fame account of their generation is given* 

Collins* 
4 With foreheads mlUmmmi low*] Lvw firebeadt weit anciently 



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TEMPEST- 137 

. Stb. Monfter^ lay-to your fingers ; help to bear 
this away^ where my hogihead of wine is, or lil 
turn you out of my kingdom : go to, carry this. 

Trin. And this. 

Ste. Ay, and this. 

A noife of hunters beards Enter divers Spirits, in 
Jbape of bounds, and bunt tbem ahmti Prospero 
and Ariel fetting tbem on. 

Pro* Hey, Mountain, hey! 
Aru Silver! there it goes. Silver! 
Pro. Fury, Fury! there, tyrant, there! hark, 
hark! 

[Cau St£. ^^^Trin. are driven out. 
Go, charge my goblins that they grind their joints 
With dry convulfions ; fhorten up their linews 
With aged cramps ; and more pinch-fpotted make 

them. 
Than pard, or cat o' mountain. 



reckoned among defbimidei. So« in die old bL 1. bilUd, entitled 
A Peerliffe Param : 

** Her beetle brows aU men admire, 

•* YitT forehead tvonirous lonv." 
Again, (the quotation ia Mr. Malone's,) in Antwj and Cleofatra : 
€€ And her foreiead 

** As low as (he would wilh it." Stbbvens* 
' A noi/e of bumters ifeard.] Shakfpeare might have had in view 
** Arthur's Chace, which many believe to be m France, and think 
that it is a kennel of black dogs followed by nnioiown huntfinen 

I if It 1 



with an exceeding neat foand of horns, as if it was a very hunting 
of fome wild beaft." See a Treati/e of SpeSres tranflated from 
the French of Peter de Loier, and publiflied in quarto, 1605. 

Grby. 
^ *< Hac ATE, (fays the fame writer, ihid.) as die Greeks affirmed, 
did ofe to fend d^et unto men, to fi»xe and terxifie th6n." 

Malonb* 



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I3« TEMPEST. 

Ari. Haii:^ they foar# 

Pro. Let them be hunted foundly: At this hour 
Lie at my mercy all mine enemies : 
Shortly (hall all my labours end^ and thou 
Shalt have the air at freedom: for a little. 
Follow^ and do me fervice. [Exeunt. 



A C t V. S C E N E I. 
Before the Cell of Pro^ero. 

Enter Prosp£RO in bis magick rohes^ andAKiEL. 

Pro. Now does my projedt gather to a head : 
My charms crack not ; my fpirits obey ; and time 
Goes upright with his carriage.* How's the day ? 

Ari. On the fixth hour -, al which time, my lord. 
You faid our work (hould ceafe. 

Pro. I did fay fo. 

When firft I rais'd the tempeft. Say, my fpirit. 
How fares the king and his ? ' 

Ari. Confined together 

In the fame fafliion as you gave in charge ; 
Juft as you left them ; all prifoners, fir. 
In the lime-grove which weather-fends yoiur cell i 



-ami time 



Goes M^^bt tvitb his carriage.l Allading to onecanrinffft 
bavthcn. This critical period of my life proc^kb as I could wmu 
Time brings forward ail the erpeAed events^ without faulcering 
under his bunhen« Stb eve ns, 

'i — the king and bis f'^ The old copy reads — "the king and 
iizfolletwers f But the word fcUanjjers is evidently an interpola- 
tion» (or glofs which had crept bto the text) and fpoils the metso 
without help to the fenfe. Stbiybns« 



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TEMPEST. 



JJ9 



They cannot budge, till your releafc* The king. 
His brother, and yours, abide all three diftra&ed ; 
And the remainder mourning over them. 
Brim-full of forrow, anddifmays but chiefly 
Him you tcrm'd, fir, Tbe^ood old lard, GouTuih ; 
His tears run down his beard, like winter's drops 
From eaves of reeds : your charm fo ftrongly works 

them. 
That if you now beheld them, your afiedions 
Would become tender. 

Pro. Do'ft thou think fo, fpirit ? 

Aki. Mine would, fir, were I human. 

Pao. And mine fhall* 

Haft thou, which art but air, a touch, a feeling ^ 
Of their afflidtions? and Ihall not myfelf. 
One of their kind, that relilh all as Iharply, 
Palfion as they,* be kindlier mov'd than thou art? 
Though with their high wrongs I am ftruck to thie 

quick. 
Yet, with my nobler xcafon, 'gainft my fury 
Do I take part : the rarer adion is 
Ia virtue than in vengeance : they being penitent. 



4 ^^.^^tillyfmr reliafe^ L e. dll ycm releafe them* MAtoNv, 

• — »a touch, ftelhtg^''^^'] A touch is a fertfaiktt* So, bi 
Cjmbeline : 

•* .—— -a /0itfrj& more rare 
«' Subdues all pan^, all fears/* 
80, in the 141ft fonnet ofShakfpeare : 

" Nor tender feeling to oafe Huchet ptone.'* 
Again, in the CM/ Wars of Daniel, B. I : 

<* I know not how their death gives fuch a twchJ* 

Stbbvbks. 

• — that relj/h allasjharply^ . 

Pqfion as thfj,] I fed every thing with the fame quick (cnfi- 
billty, and am moved by the famepamons as they are* 
A fimilar thought ocean in K. fiJch, II: 

<< TaJte^rUff need friends, like you/' &c. Stbetens* 



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I40 TEMPEST. 

The fole drift of my purpofe doth extend 
Not a frown further : Go, relcafe thejm, Ariel; 
My charms lil break, their fenfes I'll reftore^ 
And they Ihall be themfelves. 

Jri. I'll fetch them. fir. [Exit. 

Pro. Ye elves of hills, brooks, Handing lakes, 
and groves;* 

* Te this ofhiOt^ hmktfftaniing lakts, and groves;] This fpeech 
Dr. Warbiirtoii righdj obfenres to be borrowed from Medea's in 
Ovid: and, '* it proves, fajrs Mr. Holt, beyond contradidion, 
that Shakfpeare was perfedly acouainted with the fentiments of 
the ancients on the fuDJeft of incnantments." The original lines ' 
arethefe: 

" Aoraeqoe, &venti, montefqoe, amnefqae, lacnfijue, 
" Diiqoe omnes nemonmi, diique onmes nodtis, adefte."^ 
The tranflation of which, by Golding, is by no means literal, 
and Shakfpeare hath dofely followed it. Farmbr. 

Whoever will take the trouble of comparing this whole paflage 
with Medea's fpeech, as tranflated by Golding, will fee evidentTy 
that Shakfpeare copied tte tranflation, and not the original. The 
particular expreflions that feem to have made an impreffion on his 
mind, are printed in Italicks : 
*' Ye ayres and windes, ye elves of bills, of brookes, of woodes 

done, 
<* OfftiPtding lakes t and of the nig^t, approche ye eveiych one. 
** Tlmmgh Mp of lubom (the crooked bankes mud^ wondering at 

we thing) 
*« I have compdled ftreames to nm clear backward to their fymg. 
" By charms I make the calm fea rough, and make the roo^ 

feas playne, 
'^ And cover all the ikie with clouds, and chafe them thence 

again. 
•♦ Bj charms I raife and lay the nviudes, and burft the viper's jaw, 
'< Xnd from the boweb of the earth both ftones and trees do draw. 
** Whole woods and forrefts I remove, / make the mauntaitss fiahe^ 
** And even the earth itfelf to groan and fearfully to quake. 
*^ I call 1^ dead mat from their granjes, and thee, O Ug^tfome 

moone, 
'* I darken oft, though beaten brafs abate thy peril foone. 
** Our forcerie dimmes the morning £ure, and darks the fust at 



*' The flaming breath of fierie bulles }re quenched for my fake, 
<* And caufed their unwieldy neckes uie bended yoke to take. 



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TEMPEST, 141 

And ye, diat on the fands with printlefs foot 
Do chafe the ebbing Neptune,' and do fly him. 
When he comes back ; you demy-puppets, that 
By moon-fhine do the green-four ringlets make. 
Whereof the ewe not bites; and you, whofc paf- 

time 
Is to make midnight mufhrooms ; that rejoic^e 
To hear the folemn curfew ; by whofe aid 
(Weak mafters though ye be,) * I have be-dimni*d 
The noon-tide fun, calPd forth the mutinous winds. 
And 'twixt the green fea and the azur*d vault 
Set roaring war : to the dread rattling thunder 

*' Among the earth-bred brothers 700 a tnortal tvarre did fit, 
** And broQght afleep the dragon wH, whofe eyes were never fliec" 

Malonb. 
Yt dyes of bills, Sec] Fairies and ehes are frequently, in the 
poets mentioned together, without any diftin^on of character 
that I can xecoUe^ Keyfler fays, that aip and al/, which is e/f 
with the Suedes and Englijb, equally fignified a mountain, or a 
daemon of the mountains. This (eems to have been its original 
meaning; but Somner's DiA. mentions elves or £dries of the 
mountams, of the woods, of the fea and fountains, without any 
diftindHon between dyes and fairies. Tollbt. 

* '^—''with^nDXlcbfoot 
Do cb^e tbe ebbing Neftmse,] So Milton, in his Ma/fue : 
•* whilft fipom off the waters fleet, 
" Thus I fet my frintlefi feet." Stbbvens, 
4 [Weak mafters tbou^ ye be,)^ Hie meaning of this paflage 
may be, Tbougb you are but htferiar mafters of tbefi fupertuttural 
fanoers — ibouttyou poffefs^ tbem but in a lonv degree. Spenter ufes the 
fame kind of escpreffion in Tbe Fairy ^ueen, B. III. cant. ^ ft. 4. 
•* Where me (the witch) was wont her fpriehts to entertain. 
** Tbe mafters ofber art : there was (he lain 
** To call them all in order to her aid." Stbevbns. 



- fy nvbofif aid. 



(Weak mafters tbougb ye *<»,)] That is; ye are powerful aux- 
iliaries, but weak if left to younelves ; — ^your employment is then 
to make green ringlets, and midnieht muftirooms, and to play the 
idle pranks mentioned b^ Ariel in His next fong ; — yti by your aid 
I have been enabled to invert the courfe of nature. We fay pro- 
verbially^ '* Fire is a gpod/ervant but a bad mafter** 

Blackstonb. 



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,4^ TEMPEST. 

Have I given fire, and rifted Jove*» ftoutoafc 
With his own bolt : the (Irong-bas'd promoiitoi)r 
Have I made fhake ; and by the fpurs pluck'd up 
The jnne, and cedar : graves^ at my command^ 
Have wak*d fheir lleepers ; oped, and let them fiurth 
By my (6 potent art : But this rough magick^ 
I here objure : and, when I have required 
Some heavenly mufick, (which even now I da,) 
To work mine end upon their fenfes, that 
This airy charm is for, 1*11 break my ftafF, 
Bury it certain fathoms in the earth, 
Andi deeper than did ever plummet (bund, 
I'll drown my book. [Solemn ntufick^ 

Reenter Akiis:l: after bim, Alonso, with afrantkk 
gefiure^ attended hy Gonzalo; Sesastian and 
Antonio in like manner^ attended by Adrian ani 
Francisco : ^hey all enter the circle which Prof- 
PERO had made, and there ft and charmed \ which 
Profpero obfervingy /peaks. 

A folemn air, And the beft comforter 
To an unfettlcd fancy, cure thy brains,* 

5 — But thij rough mantel, &C.] This fpeech of Profpero fels 
out with a long and diitindl invocation to the various miniflers of 
his art : yet to what purpofe they were invoked does not very 
diftindUy appear. Had our author written — •* Jli this," &c. 
inftead of — ** But this/' &c. the conclufion of the addrefs would 
have been more pertinent to its beginning. Sts evens. 
* A folemn air, and the hejl comforter 
To an unfettled fancy, cure thy brains, WrJ Profpero does 
not defire them to cure their brains. His expremon is optative* 
not imperative ; and means — Mfljf mnfic cure thy brains ! i. e. 
fettle them. Mr. Malone reads— 

«* To an unfettled fancy'/ cure ! Thy brains, 
" Nowufelcfs, ^of/ within thy fcull :"— Steevews. 
The old copy ztaAi^-fancy. For this emendation I am anfwer* 
erable. So, m King John : 

<* My widow's comfort, and mjf farrow* s cure.** 

7 



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TEMPEST; 143 

Nowufclcft, boa»d within thy (kuU ! ' There ftand^ 
For you arc-fpcU-ftopp'd.-*^ — 
Holy Gonzak>, honourable man^ 
Mine eyes^ even fociable to the ihew of thine^ 
Fall feliowly drops.* — The charm diflblves apace; 
And as the morning fieals upon the nighty 
Melting the darknefk^ fo their rifing fenfes 
Begin to chafe the ignorant fumes ^ that mantle 
Their clearer reafon.-^O my good Gonzalo^ 
My true prcferver, and a iQyal fir 
To him thou followed ; I will pay thy graces 
Home^ both in word and deed* — Moft cruelly 
Didft thou, Alonfo, ufe me and my daughter : 
Thy brother was a furtherer in the aftj — 
Thou'rt pinch'd for*t now, Sebaftian. — Flelh and 
blood/ 

Again, in Romeo and JulUt.T 

" ConfuJMtcurt 

** Lives not in thefc confufens.^' 
Profpero begins by obfenrmg, that the air which had been 
played was admirably adapted to compofe unfettled minds. He 
ihen addreflb Gonzalo and the reft^ who had juft before gone into 
the cirdc: " Thy brains, now ufelefs, boil within thy ikull," 
&c. [the foothin^ ftrain not having yet begun to operate.] 
Afterwards, perceiving that the mufick begins to have the effed 
intended, he adds, « The charm diflblves apace." Mr. Pope 
and the fobfeqaent editors tead-— ^/'i£ Malokb. 

1 boil'd 'Within thy Jkulli] So, in A Midfummer NightW 

Dream : 

" Lovers and madmen have {Mzhfeething brains," &c« 

Stievbns* 
. Again, in The Winter* s Tale: " Would any but thefe boiPd 
trains of nineteen and two-and-twenty, hunt this weather V 

Malonb* 
. • *^/eliowlj droft.'] I would read, /tllovj drops. The ad^ti- 
onal fyllable only injures the roetie, without enforcing the fenfe« 
Fellowfy, however, is an adjedive ufcd by Tuffer. Stebvbns. 

• '^'-^^ the ignorant fumes ^'^—] i. e. the fumes of ignorance. 

Hbath. 

• Thon'rt finch* d for* t now, Sebafiian.'^Flffi and blood,] Thus 



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144 TEMPEST. 

You brother mine» that entertained ambition/ 
Expell'd remorfe^ and nature; ^ who^ with Sebaflian, 
( Whofc inward pinches therefore arc moft llrongj 
Would here have kilPd your king; I do forgive 

thee. 
Unnatural though thou art!-^Their underftanding 
Begins to fwell ; and the approaching tide 
Will fhortly fill the reafonable fliores, ' 
That now lie foul and muddy. Not one of them. 
That yet looks on me, or would know me : — Ariel, 
Fetch me the hat and rapier in my cell ; 

[Exit Ariel. 
I willdif-^afeme,and myfelf prefent. 
As I was fometime Milan : — quickly, fpirit ; 
Thou fhalt ere long be free. 

Ariel re-enters, JInging, and helps to attirt 
Prospero. 

Ari. Where the beefucks^ there fuck I; 

In a Cfnvflip*s bell I lie : * 

There I couch when owls do cry!" 

On the bars back I do fly. 

After fummery merrily:'^ 
Merrily, merrily, fhall I live mnv. 
Under the blojfom thai bangs on the bough. 

Ae old copy :^ Theobald points the paflage in a different manner, 
and perhaps rightly : 

«« Thoo'rt pinch'd for*t now, Sebaftian, flelh and blood." 

Stbbvens. 
. 3 — /i^tf/ entertained ««^//«Bff,] Old copy — eMiertaim* Corrected 
by the editor of the fecond folio. Malone. 

^ — rcmorfc and nature;] Rcmtnfe is by our author and the 
contemporary writers ^ncrally ufcd for /;^, or tendeme/s if heart. 
Nature is naturad a£[e^on. Malons* 

^ Ina cowflip's hell I lie ;] So, in Drayton's Nymfhidia : 
** At midnieht, the appointed hour ; 
*' And for uie queen a fitting bower. 



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TEMPEST. I45 

Ato. Why, that's my dainty Ariel : I fhall mifs 
. thee; 

** Qeoth he, is that fair cvwflif flower 
" On Hipcut hill that blowcth." 

The date of this poem not being afcertained, we know not whe« 
ther our author was indebted to it, or was himfelf copied by 
I)rayton. I believe, the latter was the imitator. Nymfbidia was 
not written, I imagine, till after the £ngli(h Don Quixote had 
appeared in 1 61 2. Malonb. 

6 — twbeH vwU do cfy.'\ L c. at nijg;ht. As this paflage is now 
printed, Ariel fays that he repofes in a cowflip's bell during the' 
night. Perhaps, however, a iull point oueht to be placed after 
the word cwch^ and a comma at the end of £e line. It the pailaee 
fliould be thus regulated, Ariel will then take his departure by 
night, the proper feafon for the bat to fet out upon the expedition. 

Malonx« 

^ After fummer, Murrily .'] This is the reading of all the edi- 
tions. Yet Mr. Theobald has fubftituted yjioy-y^/, becaufe Ariel 
talks of riding on the bat in this expedition. An idle fancy* 
That circumftance is given onlv to defign the time of night in which 
&iries travel. One would think the confideration of the circum^ 
fiances (honld have fet him right. Ariel was a fplrit of great deli- 
cacy, bound by the charms of Profpero to a conflant attendance 
on his occafions. So that he was confined to the ifland winter and 
fummer. fiut the rou^efs of winter is reprefented by Shakfpearc 
as difagreeable to faines, and fuch like delicate fpirits, who, on 
this account, conftantly {oYLow fummer. Was not this then the 
moft agreeable circumfbince of Ariel's new-recovered liberty, thap 
he could now avoid wnter, and ioWow fummer quite round the 

flobc? fiut to put the matter quite out of queftion, let us con^ 
der the meaning of this line : 

*' There I couch when onvls do cty,** 
Where? in the cow/lip's bell, and ivhere the bee fucks, he tells us : 
this muH needs be in fummer. When ? mthen owls cry, and this is 
in *wiMter : 

** When blood is nipp'd, and ways be foul, 
•• Then nightly fings the ftaring owl." 

The Song of Winter in Lovers Lahou/s Lofi^ 

The confequence is, that An<t\ flies after fummer. Yet the Chc- 

fora Editor has adopted this judicious emendation of Mr. Theobald. 

Warburton. 

Ariel does not appear to have been confined to the ifland fum- 
jner and winter, s^ Jbe was fometimes fent on fo long an errand as 
to the Bcrmoothcs. When lie fays. On the, bat*s back I doflj, &c, 

Voj.. IIL L 



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I4« TEMPEST. 

But- yet thou Ihalt have freedom: fb, fo, Cq.^\ 
To the king's {hip, invifible as thou art : 

he fpeaks of his prefent fituation only ; nor triumphs in the idea of 
his future liberty, till the laft couplet : 

♦* Merrily, merrily^* &c. 
The bat is no bird of pa&ge, and fhe expreffion id therefore pro*> 
bably ufed to fignifyy not that be purfues fummer, but that, after 
fummer ispafi, he rides upon the warm down of a bat's back, which 
fuits not improperly with the deliclacy of his airy being. Jftef^ 
JwftmervA a pnraie in K. Henry VI. P. II. PiB. II. ic. iv. 

Shakipeare, who, in his Midfummer Nifbt's Dream, has placed 
the light of a glow-worm in its eyes, might, through the fame 
ignorance of natural hiftory, have fuppoiM the bat to be a bifd 
of paflage. Owls cry not only in winter. It is well known that 
they are to the full as clamorous in fummer ; and as a proof of it» 
Titania, in A Midfummer Nigbfs Dream, the time of which ts 
fuppofed to be May, commands her fairies to— 

•♦ keep back 

•* The clamerous trwlf that nightly bwts.**'^ SrVBTtlVf. 

Our author is feldom folichous that evexy part of his imageiy 
(hould correfpond. I therefofe, think, that though the bat ig 
*« no bird of paflage," Shakfpeare probably meant to exprefs what 
Dr. Warburton fuppofes. A ftiort account, however, of this 
winged animal may perhaps prove the beft illuftration of the 
paflage before us : 

<« The bat (fays Dr. Goldfmith, in his entertaining and in- 
«* ftruftive Natural Hijlafy,) makes its appearance in fummer, and 
" begins its flight in the duflc of the evening. It appears only in the 
•• moft pleafant evenings ; at other times it continues in its retreat ; 
•• thechirfc of a ruined building, or the hollow of a tree. Thut 
«« the little animal even in fummer fleeps the greateft part of his 
•* time, never venturing out by daj^-light, nor in rainy weather. But 
'* its ihort life is ftiU more abridged by continuing in a torpid 
" flate during the ^winter. At the approach of the cold fea(on« 
" the bat prepares for its ftate of lifelefs ina^vitv, and (eems 
" rather to choofe a place where it may continue fate from inter- 
*' ruption, than where it may be warmly or commodioufly 
•* lodged." . 

When Shakfpeare had determined to fend Ariel in purfuit of 
fummer, wherever it could be found, as moft congenial to fuch 
an airy bein?, is it then furpriflng that he (hould have made the 
hat, rather man ** the wind, his poft-horfe ;" aa animal thus de« 
lighting in that feafon, and leduced by winter to a ftaie of lifejefa 
inaiMvity f Ma lo n t. 



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TIMPXST. M7 

There (halt tjiw 4M the mur iners afteq) 
Under th^ haroh^s ; tbr mifter^ aad the boatfurain^ 
JBfing awakf^ ^nfofcc them to thU place; 
A^ prefofitJy, I pr'ythce* 

^jtj. I drink the air^ before me^ and return 
Or e*er your pulfe twice beat. [Exit Ariel. 

Gojyr. AH torment^ trouble, wonder, and amaze>- 
mcnt 
Inhabits here ; Some heavpnly power guide us 
Out of this fearful country ! 

Pro. Behold, fir king. 

The wronged duke of Milan, Profpero : 
For more alTurance that a living pdnce 
Does: now fpeak to thee, I embrace thy body; 
And to thee, and thy company, I bid 
A heafty welcome. 

AhON. Whe'r thou beeft he, or no,* 



• '^Jhall I Uve now, 

UfidfTike hhJIm ^mi btrngs mm ti>e hmgLI This dioaglit is not 
fhiQwn oat at random. It compofed a part of the magical fyftem 
of thefc 4^9. la T^JVt G$dfiiy rf BuUoigm, bv Fairfax^ B. IV. 

*' Thit geUiae, fidriti, fccnds, and fenoB mad. 
*' Ran^d in flowrie dales, and mountaines hore, 
** And under everie tremhiing leafe they Jit* ^ 

The idea was prohiliiily firft foggeiled by thic deicription of the 

Hveprtble dm vUdb Viigil planted at the eatrance of the infernal 

ihadw. Mn* Yi. V. %%%\ ^ 

^ Ulmus opaca, in^ens ; quam fedem fbmnia Tulgd 
^ Vg^gkHnittktUXitfJolMfpie/uhaMniinsh^erent.'' 

Holt WaiTC 
9 / drini tie >sf>-f-] To drink the air^^ an expacffion of fwift- 

VA of the bmt kind as to de^onr tbe*wei^ in AT. Henry IF. JoH Ksoa^ 

* Wht*T thou beeft be, or nOfI Whe'r for 'whether, is an abbrevi- 
ttion froqoently ufed both l^ Shakfpeare and Jonfon. So^ is 
JvUni Cmfar: 

^* Sec, nnhe't their bafeft metal be not mor'd." 

La 



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148 TEMPEST. 

Or fonie inchanted trifle to abu(e me. 

As late I have been^ I not know : thy pulfe 

Beats, as of flefh and blood ; and, fince I faw thee^ 

The afflidion of my mind amends, with which, 

I fear, a madnefs held me : this muft crave 

(An if this be at all,) a moft ftrange ftory. 

Thy dukedom I refign ; ' and do intreat 

Thou pardon me my wrongs : — But how fhould 

Profpero 
Be living, and be here? 

Pro. Firft, noble friend. 

Let me embrace thine age ; whoTe honour cannot 
Be meafur'd, or confined. 

GoN. Whether thia be. 

Or be not. Til not fwear. ^ 

Pro. You do yet tafte 

Some fubtilties o' the ifle,^ that will not let yOu 

Again, in the Comedy of Errors : 

« Good fir, fay <wbt'r yoa'U ahfwcr me,, or not." 

M. Mason. 

^ Thy dukedom I rtfi^ ;] The duchy of Mihn being through 

the treachery of Antonio made feudatory to the crown of Najdes, 

Alonfo promifes to reiign his claim of fovereignty for the future. 

Stbbvbns* 
4 You do yet tafle 
Some /ubtilties 0' the ifle,'] This is a phrafe adopted from an- 
cient cookery and confedionary. When a difh was fo contrived 
as to appear unlike what it really was, they called it a fubtiltn 
Dragons, caiUes, trees, &c. made out of lugar, had the like 
denomination. See Mr. Pegge's gloflary to the Form ofCuty, Sec. 
Article Sotiltees. 

FroiiTard complains much of this pradlice, which often led him 
into miilakes at dinner. Defcribing one of the feafts of his time^ 
he fays there was *• grant planti de meft% fi etranves fST fi drfjpnfex 
quonne tes powvait den:iftr\* and L'Etoile (peaking of a umilaf 
entertainment in IC97, ^^^^ ** ^^^ les fotffons eftoUnt fort dextremfut 
defguije% en <tnattde de chair ^ qui eftoient mortfires matins pour la plufpart^ 
ftion avaitfait *venir exprh de torn Ut coJfe%.** St s BY B MS« 



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TEMPEST; 149 

Believe things certain: — Welcome, my friends 

alt;— 
But you, my brace of lords, were I fo minded, 

[AJidt to Seb* and Ant. 
I here could pluck his highnefs* frown upon you. 
And juftify you traitors; at this time 
1*11 tell no tales. 

See. The devil fpeaks in him. [Afide. 

J^RO. No: 

For you, moft wicked fir, whom to call brother 
Would even infedt my mouth, I do forgive 
Thy ranked fault ; all of them ; and require 
My dukedom of thee, which, perforce, I know. 
Thou muft reftore. 

A LOU. If thou beeft Profpero, 

Give us particulars of thy prefervation : 
How thou haft met us here, who three hours fince' 
Were wreck'd upon this fhore ; where I have loft. 
How ftiarp the point of this remembrance is ! 
My dear fon Ferdinand, 

Pro. I am woe for't, fir.* 

5 ^fwbo three YiovMfittce — ] The unity of time is moft rigidly 
obfenred in this piece. The fable fcarcely takes up a greater num* 
ber of hours than are employed in the reprefentation ; and from 
the very particular care wnicn our author takes to point out this 
circumftance in fo many other pafTages, as well as here, it Ihoiild 
fccm as if it were not accidental, but purpofcly defigncd to ftiew 
the admirers of Ben Jonfon's art, ai>a the cavillers of the time, 
that he too could write a play within all the ftri^eft laws of regu« 
larity, when he chofe to load himfelf with the critlck's fetters. 

llie BoatftvatH maiks the proerefs of the day again— -ov^/Vit hut 
three glajpss fince^ &c. aiid at the berinninfi; of this ad the duration 
of the time employed on the ftage is particularly afcertained ; and 
it refers to a pailage in the firft adl, of the fame tendency. The 
ftorm was raifed at Uaft two glaiTes after mid day, and Ariel was 
promifed that the workjlxmld ceafe at tbcjtxth i^ur, Stebvbns* 

* I am wot fi/t, JirJ\ i.e. / dm Jonry for it^ To Be nvoe^ is 
often ufed by old writers to fignify, to be/otry^ 

L3 • 



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I50 tempest: 

A LOS. Irrraairable is the loft; and padeace 
Says, it is paft her cure. 

Pm. t rather think. 

You hslve ndt (ought hci? help ; of whofe foft gracc^ 
For the like lofs^ I have htf ^vereignf ai4^ 
And reft myfclf content* 

Alon. You the like lofs? 

Pro. As great t6 rite, as late ; ^ and, poitaWe'^ 
To make the dear lofs, have I means much weaker 
Than you may call to comfort you ; for I 
Have loft mj daughter. 

AlOk. Adaught^? 

O heavens ! that they ivere living both in Naples, 
The king and queen there ! that they Were, I tvifh 
Myfelf were mudded in that oozy bed 
Where my fon lies. Whtn did you lofe yduf 
daughter? 

pRti. In this kft tempeft. 1 perceive, thefe Iord& 
At this encounter do fo niuth admire. 
That they devour their realbrt ; and fcarce thihk • 
Their eyes do offices of truth, their words 
Are natural breath : * but, howfoe'er you have 

So, te the jAjff c^Tbe Ftmr A, 1569 .* 
*• Bfrt ht yt fure I nvoulti be luoe 

•« thtt yoa flioukl chance to bcgyle me fj." SfKBVfiWi, 
* As grtat to me^ at laU ;] My lofs is as great as yoais, and 
has as lately happened to me. Johnson. 
7 — ^portabk— ' — ] So* rxkUMheth: 
" « » ' thefe are pomhle 
" With other graces vv^igh'd/* 
The old copy unmetrically reads — ^*'yS;r/pertable." StBttvifSv 
a ■■ their njuwds 

Are ntauml bnath:^ An anonyilMUft coittfpdftd«tit thinks tflat 
ibeir is a corraptioii* and that we ihould ttxA-^^eft wdrds^ His 
conjedare appears not iinprobabk. Hw lori« had no doabt con-. 
ceming tbemfihves. Their doubts related Only to Pr»fptr9i ^hdm 
they at firft apprehended to be f<Mne « inchanted trifle to abdk 



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tempest; >5i 

Been jiiftled from your fenfes, know for c^r^ain^ 

That I am Profpcro, and that very duke 

Which was thruft forth of Milan; who moft 

' itrangely 
Upon this fliore, where you were wrecked, was 

landed^ 
To be the lord on*t. No more yet of this ; 
For *tis a chronicle of day by day. 
Not a relation for a breakfaft, nor 
Befitting this firft meeting. Welcome, fir ; 
This cell's my court : here have I few attendants. 
And fubjedls none abroad : pray you, look in. 
My dukecfom fince you have given me again, 
I will requite you with as good a thing ; 
At leaft, bring forth a wonder, to content ye. 
As much as me my dukedom* 

Tbe entrance of the cell opens, and di/covers Ferdi- 
nand and Miranda playing at chefs J^ 

MiRA. Sweet lord, you play me falfc. 

Fer. No, my deareft love^ 

I would not for the world. 

MiRjf. Yes, for a fcorc of kingdoms,* yow 
ihould wrangle. 
And I would call it fair play. 



They deubt, fays he, whether yufbsLt they fee and hear is., 
a Beie iUufioii; wbedier ihe peribn they behold is a Hying mortal*. 
iri^ethcr ihe words they hear are ipoLea by a humao creature. 

Malonb* 
9 m^flayiMg mt chefs*] Shakfpeare* might not have ventu^d 
to engage nis nero and heroine at this game, had he not found 
Htmt de Bord§4utx and his Princefs employed in the fame manner, * 
See the Romance of Huon^ ice. chapter cj, edit. i6oi : *' How 
King Ivoiyn caufed his daughter toflaj at tie cbejfe with Moon/' &c, . 

Stbbvkns. 

s Yes^foraJcortofVin^OTas^icc.'] I take the fenfe to be only this ; 

Ferdinand would not* he fays* ptay her falfe for the world: yes^ 

L 4 



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ip TE M P ES T; 

Aloit. If this prove 

A vifion of the iflandj one dear fon 
Shall I twice lofe. 

Sbb. a moft high miracle ! 

Fer. Though the feas threaten, they are mer- 
ciful : 
I have curs'd them without caufe, 

[Ferd. kneels to Alon. 

Alon. Now all the bleflinga 

Of a glad father compafs thee about ! 
Arife, and fay how thou cam*ft here. 

MiRA. O! wonder! 

How many goodly creatures are there here ! 
How beauteous mankind is ! O brave new world. 
That has fuch people in't I 

Pro. 'Tis new to thee. 

• Alon- What is this maid, with whom thou waft 

at play ? 
Your eld'ft acquaintance cannot be three hours : 
Is fhe the goddefs that hath fever*d us. 
And brought us thus together ? 

Fer. Sir, fhe's mortal; 

But, by immortal providence, flie's mine j 
I chofe her, when I could not afk my father 
For his advice ; nor thought I had one : ihe 

anfwers fhe, I would allow you to do it for fomething lefi than 
the world, for tnvenfy kingdoms^ and I wifli you well enough €o 
allow you, after a little tvnnrgle, that your play was fair. So 
likewife Dr. Grey, Johnson. 

I would tecommend another punAuation, and then the fenfe 
would be as follows : 

** Tft, for a /core of kingdoms you fiouU <wrangle^ 

*• And I tvould call it fair play ; 
bccaufe fuch a conteft would be worthy ofyou. 

** 'Tis honour, nvith mofi lands to be at odds^*'^ 
fays Alcibiades, in Timon of Athens. Steevens. 



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TEMPEST. 153 

Is daughter to this famous duke of Milan^^ 
Of whom fo often I have heard renown. 
But never faw before ; of whom I have 
Received a fecond life, and fecond father 
This lady makes him to me. 

Alon. I am hers : 

But O, how oddly will it foiind, that I 
Muft afk my child forgivenefs ! 

Pro. There, fir, flop; 

Let us not burden our remembrances ' 
With' a heavinefs that's gone* 

GoN. I have inly wept. 

Or fhould have fpoke ere this. Look down, you 

gods. 
And on this couple drop a blefled crown; 
For it is you, that have chalk'd forth the way 
Which brought us hither I 

Alon. I fay, amen, Gonzalo! 

GoN. Was Milan thruft from Milan, that his iffue 
Should become kings of Naples ? O, rejoice 
Beyond a common joy ; and fet it down 
With gold on lafling pillars : In one voyage 
Did Claribel her hulband find at Tunis ; 
And Ferdinand, her brother, found a wife. 
Where he himfelf was lofl: ; Profpero his dukedom^ 
In a poor ifle ; and all of us, ourfclves. 
When no man was his own.-* 



^ — wr remembrances — ^ By the mifbke of the tranfcribcr the 
word tmib being placed at the end of this line* Mr. Pope and the 
fbbfequent editon, for the fake of the metre, read — remembrance. 
The regulation now made renders change unneceiTary. Ma lone. 

4 When wo man was hit vwh.'\ For nvhen perhaps (hould be read— 
nvbere. Johnson* 

When i| certainly right \ i. t. at a time laben no one was in his 
fenfes. Shakfpearc ccrald not have written where, [L e* in the 



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154 t E M P E S r. 

AioNk Give mc your hand*: 

[To Fea. ^nd Mir. ^ 
Let grief and forrow ftill embrace his hearty 
That doth not wifli' you joy ! 

GoN. Be'tfo! Amen! 

Reenter Ariei^ ivHb the Mafter and Boatfwaifi 
amazedly folkmng. 

look, fir, look, fir ; here are more of us t 

1 prophefy'd, if a gallows were on land. 

This fellow could not drown :— Now, bkfphemy. 
That fwear'fl: grace overboard, not an oath on 

fliore? 
Haft thou no mouth by land ? What is the news ? 

Bojr^ The beft news is, that we have fafely 
found 
Our king, and company : the next, our fliip,—* 
Which^ Dut three glailes fince, we gave out iplit,— 
Is tight, and yare, and bravely rigg'd, as when 
We firft put out to fea« 

Ari. Sir, all this ficrvice^ 

Have I dqnc fince I went. . I [Ajid^. 

Pro. MytriekfyfpiritP-' 

Aloi^. Thcfe are not natural events; ih^y 
ftrengthen, 

iiland J becaufe the mind of VtoCptto, who liired in It, had iidc 
been difordered. It is ftill faid, in colloquial langoaee, that a 
madman k not bit mvu man, u a. is not mafter of himfelf. 

Stbevens« 
* Mjf tnckfy /ftrrt /] Is, I beGeve, my clever, adroit fpirit* 
Shakfpeaic ufes the feme word in Tie Mercbaut of Venice : 

** that for a trkkfy word 

•* Defy the matter." 
So, in the interlude of the Difihedient Cbild, bh t. no tfaite : 
«< -...^intent and ietk 0OX 
•• Tonakatbettgorri^^, gtlkuntaadck^ . 

Stkbvsns. 



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ir « M t> fi s t: 15J 

From ftrange to ftrtttger :-*-Say, hdw cmk yott 
hither? 
Boats. If I did think, fir, I were well aw&ke, 
I'd ftrive to tdl you. We wore dead oi deep,* 
And (hdWy wc know iloc,) all clapp'd under hatches. 
Where, but ereA now, witb ibti^ and fevend 

noifts 
Of roaring, ihrieking, howling, gingling chains. 
And more diverfity of founds, all horrible. 
We were awak*d ; ftraitway, at liberty : 
Where we, in all her trim, frefhly beheld 
Ourrbyal, good, and gallant Ihip; ourmafter 
Cap'ring to eye her : On a trice, fo pleafe you, 
£!ven in a dream, were we divided uom them, 
And were brought moping hither. 

Aru Was't well done ? 1 

Pro. Bravely, my diligence. Thou j [Afide^ 
fhalt be free. ^ 

Alou. This is as ilrangc a maze as e'er meQ 
trod: 
And there is in this bufinefs more than nature 



• dtaioijUef^ Thus the did copy. Modem edkors-^ 

Mr. Malone would fubftitute— ^/r ; but on (in the preient infUnce)- 
is onlv a vulgar corruption of of. We ftill fay, that aperfon dies 
^fucn or fuch a diforder ; ina wfcy not that he is dtOT ^fleep? 

S^TEBVBNS. 

*« On flecp" was the aftcl^nt Englifh jArafeology. Str, in Gaf. 
eofgne's S^ffofis: •« —knock a|ain; I thiiA Acy h6 m ffeep.** 

Again, in a fong fkid to halve b6cn written by Anna Boleyn : 
•* O death, fock mC on flepe." 

Agaln> in Campion's Hifiotj of Mani, r6$3: *'* One officer 
in the houfeof great men is a tald-te^ler, who brfngeCh his lord 
«» fkqp widk tdes vainc and frivolous." Maloks. 

In thcfc infhmces adduced by Mr. Malone, on Jhtep^ moft ccr- 
tunly means afinp ; but they do not mifitsit^ againi! my rcplsmation' 
of the phrafe — ^* dead of lleep." STESttivs. 



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156 TEMPEST. 

Was ever condudl of : ^ fomeoiacle 

Muft redify our knowledge. 

Pro. Sir, my li^e^ 

Do not infeft your mind with beating on 
The ftrangeneis of this bufinefs ; * at pick'd leifure. 
Which fhall be ihortly^ fingle TU rcTolve you 
(Which to you (hall feem probablej ' of every 

1 -^'i— r0«i/«9 of :] Condoft^r conduAor. So» in Ben Jmifim's 
E'veiy Man omt of his Humimr: 

** Come, gentlemen, I will be yoor mi»&^." Stsbtehs. 

Anin, In The HmJhoUin' Pbilofri^ne^ ^o. 1588, p. i ;^'* I 
eoe oefore, not to arrogat anie fuperioritie» bat as voar gnide, 
becanfe, perhaps yon are not well acquainted with die waie. 
Fortone (quoth I) doth favour mee with too noble t wadka** 

Rbbo. 

Condua is yet nfed in the lame fcnie : the perfon at Cambridge 
who reads prayers in King^s and in Trinity College Chapds^ is 
ftillfoflyled. Henlet. 

• tjoiib beating om 

Theftrangenefs, &€.] A fimilar exprei&on occun in the fixond 
port of jr. Henry VI: 

*' thine eyes and thoughts 

. «' £ai/ on a crown." 
Beating may mean hammerings working in the mind, dwelling 
long upon* do, in the pre&ce to Stanyhurft's Tranfiatum ofVirgiT, 
1 582 : ** For my part, I purpofe not to heat on ereiye childffli 
fitde that concemeth profodie." Again, Miranda, in the fecond 
fcene of this play, tells her father that theitorm is ftill beating iq 
her mind. Stbetbns. 

A kindred expreSon occurs in Hamlet : 

** Cudgel thy brains no more about it." Ma lone. 

9 (Which toyon fhaU feem probable,)] Thefe words feem, at the 
firft view, to have no ufe ; fome lines are perhaps loft with which 
they were connected. Or we may explain them thus : I will re- 
folve you, by yourfelf, which method, when you hear the ftory 

J of Antonio's and Sebaftian's plot],^//^^M probable \ that is, 
\all deferve your approbation^ Johnson. 

Surely Profpero's meaning is : *' I will relate to you the means by 
which 1 have been enabled to accomplilh thefe ends ; which means, 
though th^ now appear ftrange ana improbable, will then appear 
otherwifc, Anontmus. ^ 



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TEMPEST. rs7 

Thefe happened accidents : till when, be cheerful. 
And think of each thing well. — Come hither, 
fpirit; [4/ide. 

Set Caliban and his companions free : 
Untie the fpell. [Exit Ariel.] How fares my gra- 
cious fir? 
There are yet mifling of your company 
Some few odd lads, that you remember not. 

Re-enter Ariel, driving in Caliban, Stephano, 
and Trinculo, in their ftolen apparel. 

SrE. Every man (hi ft for all the reft, and let no 
man take care for himfelf ; for all is but fortune : — 
Coragio, buUy-monfter, Coragiol* 

7rIn. If thefe be true fpies which I wear in my 
head, here's a goodly fight. 

Cal. O Setebos, thefe be brave fpirits, indeed \ 
How fine my mafter is ! I am afraid 
He will chaftife me. 

Seb* Ha, ha; 

What things are thefe, my lord Antonio ! 
Will money buy them ? 

Ant. Very like; one of them 

Is a plain fifh,' and, no doubt, marketable. 

I will inform yon how all thefe wonderful accidents have hap« 
pened ; which, though they now appear to you ftrange, v/'ijX then 
icem probable. 

An anonymous writer pointed out the true conflru^on of this 
paflage, but his explanation is, I think, incorre^^. Malone. 

* — -—Coragio!] This exclamation of encouragement I find in 
}• Florio's Tratjlation ofMontaigm^ 1603 : 

** You often ciiea Coragio, and called 5a, fa.** 

Again, m Xh& Blind Beggar of Alcxattdria^ ^59^* Stebvb Ns. 
, ^ Is a plain fifh,] That is, plainlv, evidently a fi(h. So, ia 
T]etchtT's Scornful Lad^, " that ntifih/e beaft, the butler," mean» 
the butler who is vifiilj a beaft, M. Masok* 



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,5» TEMPEST. 

Pko^ Mark but the badges of cheff mcn^ mjr 
lords. 
Then fay, if they be true:* — Thi$ mif-fliapen 

knave , 

His mother was a witch ; and one fo Afoi^ 
That could control the moon,' makie flows and 

ebbs» 
•And deal in her command^ without her powers^ 

It IS fid fi^Y to detenaine the (hajie which ii^t wim A^ftg^oi 
to beftow on bis moofter. That he has haods^ len, to. we gather 
from the remarks of Trinculo, and other circumitances in the play. 
How then is \a plainly a fi^f Perhaps Shakfpeare himfelf ha4 no 
fettled ideas conccming the form of Caliban. Stbe vb ns. 

4 /nwf .•] That is, honeft. A true man is, in the language 

of that time, oppofed to a thief. The icnfe is« Mark ^wh^ tbtfe 
Wien 'wear, andfyy iftbty are bon^ft. Johhson. 

* His mother avas a tvitch ; and one/o ^QjML 
That could control the moo/t, &c.] Inis was the phrafeo- 
logy of die timfflu After the ftatnte ag^iaft witches, revcsiee or 
ienorance frequently indoced people to charge thofe agi^ait f^om 
they harboured relentment, or entertained prejodice$» with the 
crime of witchcraft, which had juft then been declared a capital 
offence. In our ancient vepofters t^ feveral cafes where peWbns 
charged in <his manoer fought xedxefs in the courts of bw. Aad 
it is remarkable in all of them, to die fcandalous imputation of 
being nvitches, the term — a Jiroitg one, is conftantly added. In 
Mjchaelmas Ter«i, 9 Cpt- !• the point was fettled that no ai^on 
could be fupported on fo genenu a charge* 9nd tkat the epithei 
Jhwtg did not inforce the other words. In this inftance, I believe, 
the opinion of the people at large was not in unifon with the fages 
ia WeftitfiBAer-Hall. Sev«nl H thefe cafes are coliedfed to^£er 
in h Viaen 4x2* Re bo* 

That could control the moon,] From Medea's fpeech in Ovid 
(as tranflated by Gelding) our author might have learned that this 
was one of the pfetended powers of witchcraft : 
*^ and thee, O liehtfome moon^ 

** I darke^i oft, thoagh beaten brafi abate thy peri! foon.'* 

Malqniu 

^ 'And dial in her eommand, 'without her fofwer:^ I fuppofe Prof- 
perp means, that Svcorax, with lefs general power diaa the moon^ 
€0iild{>rQdiifie the ume cfieAs on the fau Stbbvins. 



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TEMPEST; 15, 

Thefe three have robb'd me; and thia demi^evil 
/For he's a baftard onej had plotted with them 
To take my life : two of thefc fellows you 
Muil know^ and own; this thing of darknefs I 
Acknowledge mine. 

Cal. I fliall be pinch*d to death. 

Alon^ Is not this Stephano, my drunken butler? 

See. He is drunk now : Where had he wine ? 

ALOif* And Trinculo is reeling ripe: Where 
fliould they 
Find this grand liijuor that hath gilded them ?^ — 
How cam'ft thou m this pickle ? 

^ Ami Trf^nJo ii mb^ rife : nnherejhwtd thty 
Find ibis gxzxvi LiquoR that balb mli/o^ thtm f'\ Shalcfpeare. 
iobe fure, ivrot&--^nnd 'lixir, alludine to the grand EXvxix of 
the akh^ottfts, whidi liiej pretend wonla feftore youth and con* 
fer immortality^ This, astney (kid^ beio^a preparation ofgc)d» 
they called Aurum potabiU ; which Shaldpeare alladed to in the 
word gilded \ as he does again in Antony and Cleopatra z 

** !H0W much art tbou unlike Mark Antony ? 

** Yet coming from him. that^rm/ medicine hath, 

" With his tine^. gilded i^ttr 
te the jcdce here is to infiniiate that, notwithftanding all the 
boats of dK chemijRB, iack was the only refiorer of youth and 
bdbwcr of immortality. So Ben Jonfon, in his E'very Man out 
^hit Humour \--^* Canasrie* the very Elixir nd fpirit of wine/' 
TUs feems to have been die cant name for fack, of which the 
fiogliih wctB« at that tine, iflunoderately fond. Randolph, in 
his J^mlom hivert, fpeakbff of it^ &ys/— ^ A potde of Ehxir at 
the Pcgafos, bravely carouled." So, again in Fletcher's Monfienr 
Tbomms, AetTXii 

** Old reverend fack, which, fer ao^ that I can read yet,* 

^ Was that philofopher's ftooe the mfe king Ptolemeus 

•• Didallhiwondenby." 

The phnle too of being gildtdy was a trite one on this occafion. 
Flettiier, inhisCiMww.wJ'' Duke. Itjbemtdrmdttoof Whorr. 
A little ^^!^sA o'er, firi old/ack, old/aek, leysV* WARBVaTON. 
As the alchymift's Ehxir was fuppofed to be a liquor, the old 
reading may Ihind, and Ae dh^fion noMs good without any ahe- 
ration* Stbbvbni. 



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i66 TEMPEST. 

Tris. I have been in fuch a pickle, fince I few 
you laft, that, I fear me, will never out of my 
bones : I (hall not fear fly-blowing." 

Seb. Why, how now, Stephano ? 

SrE. O, touch me not ; I am not Stephano, but 
a cramp.^ 

Pro. You'd be king of the ifle, firrah ? 

Ste. I (hould have been a fore one then.* 

Alon. This is as ftrange a thing as e'er I look'd 
on.* [Pointing to Caiiban* 

Pro. He is as difproportion*d in his manners. 
As in his fhape : — Go, firrah, to my cell ; 
Take with you your companions ; as you look 
To have my pardon, trim it handfomely. 

Cal. Ay, that I will ; and I'll be wife hereafter. 
And feek for grace : What a thrice-double afs 
Was I, to take this drunkard for a god. 
And worlhip this dull fool ? 

Pro* Go to; away! 



* —.i— fly-blowing.] Thu pickle alludes to their plonge int6 
the ftinking pool ; and f kiting prefcrves meat £iom Jfy»6iowi/tg. 

Stsbtbbts* 

9 hta a cramp.] i. e. I am all over a cramf. ProTpero had 

ordered Ariel to J&onen up their Jifte<ws with agnl cramps. Touch 

me not alludes to t\it forene/s occaboned by them. In his next fpeech 

Stephano confirms this meaning by a quibble on the vfoiA/ore. 

StS EVENS. 

* IJbouli have been a fore one then.] The fame quibble occurs 
afterwards in the Second Part ofK. Henry VI: «* Mais, 'twill be>* 
law then, for he was thruft in the mouth with a (pear* and 'tis not 
whole yeu" Stephano alfo alludes to they^^r about him* 

STBBVBIfS* 

' This is as ftrange a thing at e'er I looked m.] The old copy* 



difregarding metre* reads— 
" Thisisa 



ftrange thin^ as e'er I look'd on." 
For the ftpetition of uc conjun^on^-«f, &Ci I am anfwerable. 

Stebvbns. 



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TEMP E S T. i6i 

Alon. Hence, and bellow your luggage where 
you found it. 

Sbb. Or ftole it, rather. 

[Exeunt Cal. Ste. and Trin. 

Pro. Sir, I invite your highnefs, and your train. 
To my poor cell : where you Ihall take your reft 
For this one night ; which (part of it,) I'll wafte 
With fuch difcourfe, as, I not doubt, fliall make it 
Go quick away : the ftory of my life. 
And the particular accidents, gone by. 
Since I came to this ifle : And in the morn, 
ril bring you to your (hip, and fo to Naples, 
Where I have hope to fee the nuptial 
Of thefc our dear-beloved folemniz'd 5 
And thence retire me to my Milan, where 
Every third thought (hall be my grave. 

Alon. I long 

To hear the ftory of your life, which muft 
Take the ear ftrangely. 

Pro. 1*11 deliver all; 

And promife you calm feas, aufpicious gales. 
And fail fo expeditious, that (hall catch 
Your royal fleet far off. — My Ariel ;— chick,— 
That is thy charge ; then to. the elements 
Be free, and fare thou well ! — [ajide.'] Plcafe you, 
draw near, [Exeunt. 



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[ i62 ] 

E i^ I L O G U E- 

SPOKEN BY PROSPER O. 

NO W my charms are all o^ertbwwn^ 
And what ftrengtb I havens mine own $ 
fFbi<:b is mojl faint : notv, 'tis true, 
I muft be here confined by you, 
■Orjent to Naples : Let me not. 
Since I have my dukedom got, 
4nd pardon' d the deceiver, dwell 
In this bare ijland, by your f pell i 
But releafe me from my bands. 
With the help of your good hands? 
Gentle breath of yours my fails 
Muft fill, or elfe my projeil fails, 
JVbich was to pleafe : Now I want 
Spirits to enforce, art td enchant i 
'^ And my ending is defpair, 

Unlefs I be relieved by prayer ; ^ 

^ ' With the help of your good bands.'] By your applaufc, by clap- 
|»nff hands. Johnson. 

Noife M^as fappofed to diflblve a fpell. So twice before in this 
play: 

" No tongue ; all eyes ; be filent." 
Again: 

*• — -hulh ! be mute ; 

" Or dfe ojxt/pellis marr'd.'* 
Agsunj in Macbeth, Adl IV. fc. i : 

** Hear his fpeech, but fay thou nought." 
Agab, ibU. 

** Liften^ bat fpeak not to't.'' Stbrtens. 

* And mf ending is defpair , 

Unlt/s I be relies' d by prayer \\ This alludes to the old ftorics 
told of the defpair of necromancers in their laft moments, and of 
the efficacy of the prayers of their friends for them, Wa&b u&tok. 

7 



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EPILOGUE. 163 

IVhich pierces fo^ that it ajfaults 
Mercy it/elf^ and frees all faults. 

As you from crimes would pardoned he^ 
Let your indulgence fet me free J 

' It 18 obferved of The Temfeft, that its plan is regular ; this the 
aathor of The Rpvifal thinks, what I think too» an accidental 
efied of the ftoiy, not intended or< regarded by our author. But, 
whatever might oe Shakfpc^'s intention ia fonning or adopting 
the plot, he has made it inftrumental to the produ&on of many 
chara(6ters, diverfified with boundlefs invention, and preferved 
with profound (kill in nature, extenfive knowledge of opinions, 
and accurate obfervation of life. In a fingle drama are here exhi- 
bited princes, courtiers, and failors, all fpeaking in their real 
chara£iers« There is the agency of airy fpirits, and of an earthly 
goblin. The operations of magick, die tumults of a ftorm, the 
adventures of a defert ifland, the native efiufion of untaught af« 
fefiion, the puniihment of guilt, and the final happinefs of the 
pair for whom our paffions ai3 reafon are equally interefted. 

Johnson. 



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TWO GENTLEMEN 



O F 



VERONA. 



* 



Ms 



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* Two Gbntlbmbn of Vekona.] Some of the incidents 
in this play may be fappofed to have been taken from The Arcadia, 
Bode I. chap. 6. where Pyrocles confents to head the Helots. 
(The Arcadia was entered on the books of the Stationers' Company, 
Aug. 23d, 1588.) The love-adventure of Julia rdembles that of 
Viola in Tivelftb Night, and is indeed common to many of the 
ancient novels. Steeybns. 

Mrs. Lenox obferves, and I think not improbably, that the ftory 
of PrQteus and Julia might be taken from a fimilar one in the 
Diana of George of Montemayor, — ** This paftoral romance," fays 
(he, " was tranflated from the Spanijh in Shak/feare's time." I 
have feen no earlier tranflation than that of Bartholome*w Totr^, 
who dates his dedication in November 1598; and Meres, in .his 
ff^it's Trea/ury, printed the fame year, expiefsly mentions the Ttvo 
'Gentlemen of Verona. Indeed Montemayor was tranflated two or 
three j^ears before, by one Thomas JVii/on ; but this work, I am 
perfuaded, was never publifhed tntirdy \ perhaps fome parts of it 
were, or the tale might have been tranflatoi by others. However, 
Mr. Steevens fays, very truly, that this kind of love-adventure is 
frequent in the old noveUfts. Farmer. 

There is no earlier tranflation of the Diana entered on the 
.books of the Stationers' Company, than that of B. Younge, Sept. 
1598. Many tranflations, however, after they were licenfed, 
were capricioufly fuppreffed. Among others, " The Decameron 
of Mr. John Boccace, Florentii^e," was " recalled by my lord of 
Canterbury's commands." Steevens. 

It is obfervable (I know not for what caufe,) that the ilyle of 
this comedy is lefs figurative, and more natural and una&ded, 
than the greater part of diis author's, though fuppofed to be one 
of the firft he wrote. Pops. 

It may very well be doubted whether Shakfpeare had any other 
hand in this ^lay than the enlivening it with fome fpeeches and 
lines thrown in here and there, which are eafily diftinguifhed, as 
being of a different ftamp from the reft. Hanmer. 

To this obfervation of Mr. Pope, which is very juft, Mr. Theo- 
bald has added, that this is one of dhakfpeare's njjorft plays, md is lefs 
corrupted than any other. Mr. Upton peremptorily determines, 
that if any proof can be drawn from manner and ftyle, this play mufi 
he fent packing, and feek for its parent elfewhere* How otherwife, 
fays he, do painters diftingui/h copies from originals F and have mot 
authors their peculiar ftyle and manner, from which a true critic can 
form as unerring judgement as a painter? I am afraid this illuftration 
of a critic's icience will not prove what is defired. A painter 
knows a copy from an original by rules fomewhat reiembling thofe by 
which criucs know a tranflation* which if it be literal, smd literal 



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it miifi be to icfemble the copy of a pidure^ will be eafily diftin* 
goifhed. Copies are known urom onginals^ even when the oainter 
copies his own pi^are ; {o, if an author Ihoald literally tranflate his 
work, he would loie the manner of an original. 

Mr. Upton confounds the copy of a piAure with the imitation of 
a painter's manner. Copies are eaiily known ; but eood imitations 
are not detedled with equal certainty, and are, by the hdk judges, 
often miftaken. Nor is it true that the writer has always pecmia* 
rities^ equally diftinguiihable with thofe of the painter. The 
peculiar manner of each arifes from the defire, natural to every 
performer, of ^cilitating his fubfequent work by recurrence to his 
lormer ideas; this recurrence produces that repetition which is 
called habit. The painter, whofe work is partly intelledual and 
partly manual, has habits of the mind, the eye, and the hand ; the 
writer has onlv habits of the mind. Yet, fome painters have 
difiered as much from themfelves as from any other ; and I have 
been told, that there is little refemblance between the firft works 
• of Raphael and the laft. The fame variation may be expelled in 
writers; and if it be true, as it feems, that^they are lefs lubjed to 
habit, the difference between their works may be yet greater. 

But by the internal marks of a compofition we may difcover 
the author with probability, though feldom with certainty. When 
I read this play, I cannot but think that I find, both in the ferious 
and ludicrous firenes, the language and fentiments of Shakfpeare. 
It is not indeed one of his moft powerful effiifions ; it has neither 
nianv diverfities of charader, nor ftriking delineations of life ; but 
it aoounds in yfttfutu beyond mofl of his plays, ^d few have 
more lines or paffages, which, finely confiaered, are eminently 
beautiful. I am yet inclined to beUeve that it was not very fuc- 
ceftAil, and fufped that it has efcaped corruptiont only bocaufe* 
being feldom played, it was lefs expofed to the hazards of tran- 
fcription. Johnson. 

This Comedy, I bdieve, was written in i CO?- See ^/r Attempt 
f a/certain the order rf ^haiffeun* s Phtys, Vol. I. M Ai^oN y. 



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Persons reprefented. 

Duke of Milan, father to Silvia. 

Antonio^ father to Proteus. 
Thurio, a fooliflb rival to Valentine. 
Eglamour^ agent for Silvia in her efcape. 
Speed, a clownijbfervant to Valentine. 
Launce, fervant to Proteus. 
Panthino/ fervant to Antonio. 
Hoft^ where Julia lodges in Milan. 
Outlaws. 

Julia, a lady of Verona, beloved hy Proteus. 
Silvia, the duke*s daughter^ beloved by Valentine. 
Lucetta, waiting^womau to Julia. 

Servants J muftcians. 

SCENE, fometimes in Weronsiifome times in Milan i 
and on the frontiers of Mantua. 

* ProtcoB,] The old copy ha»— Piot&eus ; bot this k merely the 
antiqaated mode of ^lelling Pmau. Shakipeait's charaAer wm 
fo called, from his diipofition to change. Steevbns. 

' Pauthwo^'] In the enumeration of charaften in the old copy, 
this attendant on Antonio is called Pmobintt bat in the phy, 
always Fmttbim. Stbbtsns. 



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TWO GENTLEMEN 

O F 

VERONA. 

ACTL SCENE L 

An open place in Verona. 

Enter Valentine and Proteus* 

Val* Ceafe to pcrfuade^ my loving Proteus 5 
Mome-keeping youth have ever homely wits : * 
Wcr't not, affedion chains thy tender days 
To the fweet glances of thy honoured love, 
I rather would entreat thy company. 
To fee the wonders of the world abroad. 
Than, living dully fluggardiz'd at home. 
Wear out thy youth with fhapelefs idlenefs/ 
But, fince thou lov'ft, love ftill, and thrive therein, 
Even as I would, when I to love begin. 

Pro. Wilt thou be gone ? Sweet Valentine, adieu ! 
Think on thy Proteus, when thou, haply, feeft 
Some rare note- worthy obje<3: in thy travel : 

4 Home-keqnnff ymtth have ever homely ovi// :] Milton haj the. 
(kme play on wor£, in his Ma/que at Ludlow Caftle : 

*' It 18 for homely ieatuies to kxep borne, 

*' They had their name thence/' Stbbvbns. 

5 ^^^^^Jbap^lffi idlenefs.] The expreffion is fine» as implying 
that idUnefs prevents the giving any form or character to the man- 

IICft« WAftBUaTON, 



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I70 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Wifh me partaker in thy happinefs^ 

When thou doll meet good hap ; and, in thy danger. 

If ever danger do environ thee. 

Commend thy grievance to my holy prayers. 

For I will be thy bead's-man, Valentine. 

Val. And on a love-book pray for my fuccefs. 

Puo. Upon fome book I love, TU pray for thee. 

Val. That's on fome fhallow ftory of deep love. 
How young Leander crofs'd the Hellefpont.* 

Pro. That's a deep ftory of a deeper love ; 
For he was more than over flioes in love. 

Val. *Tis true ; for you are over boots in love. 
And yet you never fwam the Hellefpont. 

Pko. Over the boots ? nay, give me not the boots. ^ 

^ -^-'^ fome Jhallow ftory of deep love^ 
How young Leander crofs'd the Hellefpotif*] The poem of 
MufxQs, entitled Hero and Leander, is meant. Marlowe's 
tranfiation of this piece was entered on the Stadoners' books, 
Sept. 1 8, I (93, and the firft two Seftiads of it, with a fmall part 
ot the third, (which was all that he had finilhed,) were printed, I 
imaeine, in that, or the following year. See Blount's dedication 
to the edition of 1637, by which it appears that it was originally 
publifhed in an imperfedl ftate. It was extremely popular, and 
defervedly fo, many of Marlowe* s lines being as unooth as thofe 
of Drydcn. Our author has quoted one of them in As you like it. 
He had probably read this poem recently before he wrote the pre- 
fent {4ay ; for he again almes to it in the thifd ad : 
<' Why then a ladder, quaintly made of cords, 
«' Would ferve to fcalc another Hero's tower, 
** So bold Leander would adventure it.'' 

Since this note was written, I have feen the edition of Marlowe's 
Hero and Leander^ printed in 1598* It contains the firft two 
Seftiads oiAy, The remainder was added by Chapman. Malove* 

^ nay, give me not the boots.] A proverbial expreffion, 

though now difufed, figni^ng, don't make a laufi^iingllock of 
me ; don't play widi me. The French have a phraie, Baiiler foin 
en come \ wnioh Cotgrave thv$ interprets. To give pte the hoots \ to 
fell him a bargain. Theobald. 



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OF VERONA. 171 

Val. No^ Pll not, for it boots thee not. 
Pro. What? 

VjL. To be 

In love« where (com is bought with groans ; coy 

looks^ 
With heart-fore fighs ; one fading moment's mirth. 
With twenty watchful, weary, tedious nights : 
If haply won, perhaps, a haplefs gain; 
If loft, why then a grievous labour won; 
However, but a folly * bought with wit. 
Or eife a wit by folly vanquiflied. 

Perhap this expreffion took its origin from a fport the countnr« 
people in Warwickfhire nfe at their harveft-home, where one fits 
as jadge to try ndldemeaRors committed in hanrdl^ and the pa- 
nifhrnent for the men is to be laid on a bench, and flapped on the 
breech with a pair of ImiSu This they call gMnr them tie boots. 
I meet with the fame expreffion in the old comedy called Mothtr 
Bomhie, by Lylly : 

** What do yott give me the hoots V* 
Again, in The WeAft goes to the Well, a comedy, 1628 : 

«• Nor your fat bacon can carry it away, if you offer 

lis the boots" 

The hoots, however^ were an ancient en^ne of tortare* Li 
MS, Harl. 6999 — +^* ^^* '^' Randolph wntes to lord Hunfdon, 
Sec. and mentions, m the P. S. to his letter, that Geo. Flecke had 
-yefterda^ night the boots, md is faid to have confefled that the £. 
of Morton was privy to the poifoning the £. of Athol, 1 6 March, 
I c8o: and in another letter, March z8, 1580, ** — that the laird 
ot Whittingham htui the boots, hvx widiout torment confefs'd," &c« 

Stbevens. 

The boot was an inflrument of tprtnre ufed only in Scotland. 
Biihop Bttinet in The Hijhfy of bis onim Times, Vol. I. p. 332, edit. 
175A, mentiotts one Maccael, a preacher, who, being fuipe^ed of 
tsealonable prances, underwent the punilhment fo late as 1 666 : 
*' — He was pat to the torture, which, in Scotland, they call 
the boots ; for they put a pak of iron boots clofe o;i the leg, and 
drive wedges between theie and the lee. ' The common torture 
was only to drive thefe in the calf of Uie leg : but I have been 
fold they were fomedmes driven upon the ihin bone." Reed. 

* Houoeqjer, hsu si folly, Ac] This love will end in ^fooUJhaSion, 
to pcodiioe which you are long to fpend your n»iU, or it will end 



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172 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. So, by your circumftance, you call me fool. 

Vai. So, by your circumftancc, I fear, you'll prove* 

Pro. *Tis love you cavil at; I am not Love. 

Vau Love is your mafter, for he matters you; 
And he that is fo yoked by a fool, 
Methinks fhould not be chronicled for wife. 

Pro. Yet writers fay. As in the fweeteft bud 
The eating canker dwells,^ fo eating love 
Inhabits in the finefl: wits of all. 

Val. And writers fay. As the moft forward bud 
Is eaten by the canker ere it blow. 
Even fo by love the young and tender wit 
Is turn'd to folly ; blading in the bud, 
Lofing his verdure even in the prime. 
And all the fair effeds of future hopes. 
But wherefore wafte I time to counfel thee. 
That art a votary to fond defire? 
Once more adieu : my father at the road 
Expcds my coming, there to fee me fhipp'd. 

Pro. And thither will I bring thee, Valentine. 
Val. Sweet Proteus, noj now let us take our 
leave. 
At Milan,* let me hear from thee by letters, 

in the lofs of your tv//, which will be overpowered by the folly of 
love, Johnson. 

' As in. the fweeteft bud 

The gating canker dwells ^1 So« in our author's 70th Sonnet : 
*< For canker vice the fweeteft buds doth love.'* 

Mal.onb. 

* At Milani\ The dd copy has — To Milan. The emendation 
was made by the editor of the fecond folio. The firft copy how« 
ever may be right. ** To Milan" — ^may here be intended as an 
imperfedl fcntence. I am now bound for Milan. 

Or the conftrudion intended may have beeiw>--Le€ me hear 
from thee by leners to Milan, i. e. addreflcd to me there. 

Mauome. 



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O F V E R O N A* 1^3 

Of thy fuccefs in love^ and what news elfe 
Betideth here in abfence of thy friend ; 
And I likewife will vifit thee with mine. 

Pro. All happinefs bechance to thee in Milan ! 

Val. As much to you at home ! and fo, farewell ! 

[Exit Valentine. 

Pro. He after honour hunts, I after love: 
He leaves his friends, to dignify them more ; 
I leave myfelf, my friends, and all for love. 
Thou, Julia, thou haft metamorphosed me ; 
Made me negle<9: my ftudies, lofe my time. 
War with good counfel, fet the world at nought ; 
Made wit with mufing weak,^ heart fick with 
thought. 

Enter Speed.* 

Speed. Sir Proteus, fave you : Saw you my ma- 
fter? 

Pro. But now he parted hence, to embark for 
Milan, 



9 Made luit nvitb mufing *wedk^ For Tnade read make, Thm 
Jalia, baft made me tjoar nuith good counfel, and make *wit tweak 
omthmujmg. Johnson. 

Sorely there is no need of emendation. It b JuUa^ who ** has 
already made wit weak with mnfing/' &c. Stebvens. 

* This whole fcene^ like many others in thefe pla^s (fome of 
which I believe were written by Shakfpeare, and others mterpolated 
by the players) is compofed of the lowed and moft trifling conceits, 
to be accounted for only from the grofs taile of the age he lived in ; 
Topulo utplacerenU I wifh I had authority to leave them out ; but 
I have done all I could, fet a mark of reprobation upon them 
throughout this edition. Po p e • 

That this, like many other fccAes, is mean and vulgar, will be 
univerially flowed ; but that it was interpolated by the players 
feems advanced without any proof, only to give a greater licence to 
criticiim* Johnson. 



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*74 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Speed. Twenty to one then, he i$ (hipp'd al- 
ready; ^ 
And I have play'd the fheep, in loiing him. 

Pro. Indeed a (heep doth very often ftray. 
An if the fhepherd be awhile away. 

Speed* You conclude, that my mailer is a fhep^ 

herd then^ and I a (heep ? ' 
Pro* I do. 

Speed. Why then my horns are his horns, whe- 
ther I wake or fleep. 

Pro. a filly anfwcr, and fitting well a (heep. 
Speed. This proves me fl:ill a ftieep. 
Pro* True; and thy mailer a (hepherd. 
Speed. Nay, that I can deny by a circumflance. 
Pro. It fliall go hard, but PU prove it by another. 

Speed. The Ihepherd feeks the ftiecp, and not 
the flieep the fliepherd; but I feek my mailer, 
and my mailer feeks not me : thereibre, I am no 
iheep. 

Pro. The iheep for fodder follow the Ihepherd, 
the fliepherd for food follows not the Iheep ; thou 
for wages foUoweft thy mailer, thy mailer for 
wages follows not thee : therefore, thou art a flieep. 

Speed. Such another proof will make me cry baa. 

Pro. But doft thou hear? gav'll thou my letter 
to Julia? 

Speed. Ay, fir : I, a loll mutton, gave your let- 
ter to her, a laced mutton;^ and Ihe, alacedmut- 

J .^zjheepf^ The article, which is wantinfi^ in the original 
copy, was fuppiied by the editor of the fecond Iblio. Malohb. 

4 /, fl loft mutton, gaveymr letter to her, a laced mutton ;] Speed 
calls himielf a loft mutton^ becaufe he had loft his mafter, and be- 



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OF VERONA* 175 

toil) gave me^ a loft mutton^ nothing for my la- 
bour. 

Pro^ Here's too fmall a pafture for fuch a ftore 
of muttons. 

Speed. If the ground be overcharged^ you were 
bcft ftick her. 

Pro. Nay, in that you arc aftray ; * 'twere beft 
pound you. 

caafe Proteus had been proving him a J^eef» But why does he 
call the lady a laced mutton f Wenchers are to tHis day called 
tmaton-numgers \ and confequently the objed of their paflion muft, 
W the metaj^hor, be the mutton. And Cotgrare> in his Englifh. 
French l>iAtOnary, explains laced mutton^ One garfe^ faiiain^ file 
dejoye. And Mr. Motteux has rendered this puTage of Rabelais^, 




ftrls offleqfure^ Th b o b a LD. 

Nafh> in his Hmxe <witbym to Sajffrw WaUen^ ^S9S* Speaking of 
Gabriel Harvey's incontinence, fays : " be 'would not ftkk to extoll 
rotten lac'd matton," So, in the comedy of The Sboemaker*s Holiday^ 
•r the Gentle Crafty i6:o : 

" Why tere's good lac^d mutton, as I promised you.'* 
Again, in Whetftone's Promos and Cajandra, i C78 : 
*' And I fmelt he tor'd lac'd mutton well." 

A^ain, H^wood, in his Levels Miftrefs, 1636, {peaking of 
CoDid» &ys, ne is die ** Hero of hie-hoes, admiral of ay-mes, 
ancl monfieur of mutton lac*d.'* St t bvb ns. 

A laced mutton was in our author's dme fo eftablifhed a term for 
a courteaan, that a ftrcet in Clerkenwell, which was much fie* 
oueiited by women of the town, was then called Mutton-lane* If 
feems to UKve been a phrafe of the iame kind as the French expref* 
fka^^^atUe cotffe, ana might be rendered in that laneiiage, moutom 
MM cmfet. Ims mellation appears to have been as (ud as the time 
of Kuig Henry III. ** Item iequitur gravis poena corporalis, fed 
fine amiffione vitae vd membronun, fi raptus fit de concubind legi« 
tima, vel mlii fuafium facierue, fine deleAu perfonarum: has 
({uidem owes debet rex tueri pro pace fua." Bradon de Legibus, 
hb.ii. Malomb. 

f Naj, iB ti^tjoM an aftray ;] For the reafon Proteus gives. 



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176 TWO GENTLEMEN 

SpBBD* Nay, fir, left than a pound (hall ferve 
me for carrying your letter. 

Pro. You millake; I mean the pound, a pin- 
fold. 
Speed* From a pound to a pin? fold it over 
and over, 
*Tis threefold too little for carrying a letter to your 
lover. 

Pro. But what faid flie? did (he nod.* 

[Speed nods. 
Speed. I. 
Pro. Nod, I? why, that's noddy. ^ 

Speed. You miftook, fir j I fay, flie did nod : 
and you aflc me, if flie did nod ; and I fay, I. 
Pro, And that fet together, is — noddy. 

Dr. Thirlby advifes that we (hould read, a ftray^ i. e. a ftray (heep ;- 
which continaes Protetis's banter upon Speed, Th eob a l d. 

From the word aftray here, and loft mutton above^ it is obvious 
diat the doable reference was to the firft fentence of the General 
Conieffion in the Prayer-book. Henley. 

* didjhenod.l Thcfe words were fupplied by Theobald, 

to introduce what follows, St e e v e n s. 

In Speed's anfwer the old fpeUing of the affirmative pardcle 
has becd retained ; otherwife the concdt of Proteus (foch as it is) 
would be unintelligible. MAtoNE. . 

2 — .^ *wbyy that's noddy.] Noddy nvas a game ai cards. So, 
in The Inner Temple Majk^ by Middleton, 1610 : "I leare them 
wholly (fays Chriftmas) to my eldeft fon Noda^^ whom, dnrine 
his minority, I commit to the cuftody of a pair of hooves , and 
§ne and thirty." Again, in Quarles's Hrgin Wtdow^ 1649 * *' ^^ 
her forbear chefs and noddy, as games too ferious." Stbevsns. 
This play upon fyllables is hardly worth explaining. The 
fpeakers intend to fix the name of noddy, that is, fool, on each 
other. ^/inTbtSecondpartofPafquil'sMadCappe^ 1600, fig« E. 

" If fuch a Noddy be not thought a/W." 
Again, E i. 

** Iffuch«nairebei«M^/r</forthcnonce^ Reed, 



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OF VERONA. 177 

Speed. Now you have taken the pains to fct it 
together, take it for your pains. 

Pro. No, no, you Ihali have it for bearing the 
letter. 

• Speed. Well, I perceive, I muft be fiiin to bear 
with you. 

Pro. Why, fir, how do you bear with me ? 
Speed. Marry, fir, the letter very orderly ; having 
nothing but the word, noddy, for my pains. 
Pro. Beflirew me, but you have a quick wit. 
Speed. And yet it cannot overtake your flow purfe. 

Pro. Come, come, open the matter in brief: 
What raid {he? 

Speed. Open youf purfe, that the money, and 
the matter, may be both at once delivered. 

Pro. Well, fir, here is for ypur pains : What faid 
fhe? 

Speed. Truly, fir, I think you'll hardly win her. 

Pro. Why ? Could'Il thou perceive fo much from 
her? 

Speed. Sir, I could perceive nothing at all from 
her; no, not fo much as a ducat for delivering 
your letter : And being fo hard to me that brought 
your mind, I fear, lhe*ll prove as hard to you in 
teliing her mind.' Give her no token but ftones ; 
for fhe's as hard as fteel. 

s ..^M ulling her mtid.'\ The old copy has ** -^in tdlmg jwwr 
mind.'' Bot m this reading ia to mc unintdligthte, I have adopted 
the emendation of the fecoad folio. STSBYava. 

The old cofur is certaiidy right. Thfe meaning is»«- ^^ being 
fi hard to me who tvas the beaier ofymw mmd, I fear fie 'will frame 
mo left Jo tojfou, rwhen yoa addceis htriMferfoM. The oppofition is 
between iyv«j^ and W/6r^« Malqiib. 

Vol. III. N 



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178 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. What, faid (he nothing? 

Speed. No, not fo much as — take this for tby 
pains. To teftify your bounty, I thank you, you 
have teftern*d me ; ' in requital whereof, henceforth 
carry your letters ydurfelf : and fo, fir, PU com- 
mend you to my mailer. 

Pro. Go, go, be gone, to fave your fliip from 
wreck ; 
Which cannot perifli/ having thee aboard. 
Being deftin'd to a drier death on fliore : — 
I mull go fend fome better meflenger; 
I fear, my Julia would not deign my lines. 
Receiving them from fuch a worthlefs poll. 

[^Exeunt. 

SCENE II. 

The fame. Garden ^Julia's boufe. 
Enter J VII A and Lucetta. 

JvL. But fay, Lucetta, now wc are alone, 
Would*ll thou then counfel me to fall in love ? 
Lux:. Ay, madam ; fo you Humble not unheed^- 
fully. 

» — j»« bofve teftem'd me\\ You have gratified me with a 
teJUr^ teftem^ ot uJUn^ that is, with a fixpence. Johnson* 

By the fucceeding quotation from the FruUful Strmom preaebei 
by Hugh Latimer, 1584.^0/* 94. it appears that a tefter was of 
greater value than our fixptna : ** Tney brought him a dftteri, 
a piece of their current coyne that was worth tfn of our ufotal pence, 
fuch another piece at our ujleme.*' Holt White. 

The old reading is eejtem'd. This typographical error was cor- 
reAed by the editor of the iecond folio. M a l o n £ • 

* fVbicb cannot perijb, &c.] The fame proverb has already been 
alluded to in the firft and lail fccnes of the Tempeft. Rs^d. 



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OF VERONA. 179 

Jul. Of all the fair rcfort of gentlemen, 
*ThsX every day with park encounter me. 
In thy opinion, which is worthieft love ? 

Lpc. Pleafe you, repeat their names, I'll Ihew 
my mind 
According to my fliallow iimple (kill. 

JvL. What think'ft thou of the fair Sir Egla- 

mour ? ' 
Luc. As of a knight well-fpoken, neat and fine ; 
But, were I you, he never ihould be mine/ 

Jul. What think'ft thou of the rich Mercatio? 
Luc. Well, of his wealth; but of himfelf, fo, fo* 
Jul. What think'ft thou of the gentle Proteus ? 
Luc. Lord, lord ! to fee what folly reigns in us ! 
Jul. How now ! what means this paflion at his 
name? 

Luc. Pardon, dear madam ; 'tis a pafling Ihame, 
That I, unworthy body as I am. 
Should cenfure thus on lovely gentlemen.' 

' Wbai tbink^ft thai of the fair Sir Eglamour ?] This Sir Egh^ 
HHKr maft not bie confoanded with the perfona dramatis of the iam^ 
name. The latter lived at Milan, and nad vowed ** pure chaftity'* 
vpon the death of hu ** true love." Ritson. 

4 — be [Sir Eglamour] never Jb&uld be mine.l Peifaaps Sir Egla* 
mmr was once the common cant term for an infignificant inamorato. 
So, in Decker's Satiromafiix : 

** Adieu, T^r Eglamour; adieu lute-ftring, curtain-rod, goofe- 
qoill," Sec Sir Eglamour of Arttyt indeed is die hero of an ancient 
metrical romance, <* Imprinted at London, in Fofler-lane, at the 
fygne of the Hartefhome, by John Walley," bl. 1. no date. 

Stbbvbks^ 

s Should QVB&oit. thus. Sec] To ceu/urt means, in this place, to 
pafs fentence. So, in Hinde's Eliofio Lihidiuo/o, 1606 : '' Eliofto 
and Cleodora were aftoniihed at »ich a hard ceu/ure, and went to 
limbo moft willingly." Stebvbns. 

To ieu/ure, in oar author's time, generally fignified to give 
one's judgement or opinion* Ma lone, 

N a 



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i8o TWO GENTLEMEN 

JvL. Why not on Proteus, as of all the reft? 

Lvc. Then thus, — of many good I think hilii 

bed. 
Jvu Yourrcafon? 

Lvc. I have no other but a woman's reafon ; 
I think him fo, becaufe I think him fo. 

Jvu And would*ft thou have mc caft my love 

on him ? 
Lvc. Ay, if you thought your love not caft away. 
^VL. Why, he of all the reft hath never mov'd mc. 
Lvc. Yet he of all the reft, I think, beft loves ye. 

' JvL. His little ipeaking ftiows his love but 
fmalK 

Lvt. Fire, that is clbfcft kept, burfts moft of all. 

JvL. They do not love, that do not flio* their 
love. 

Lvt. O, they love leaft, that let ttien know thtir 
love, 

JvL. I would, I knew his mind. 
. Lvc. Perufe this paper, madam* 

Jvt. ToJulia^-^Stf, froftiwhom? 

Lvc. That the contents will fhew. 

* Jul. Say, fay; who gave it thee? 

Lvc. Sir Valentine's page; and lent, I think, 
from Proteus : 
He would have given it you, bat I, being in the way» 
Did in your name receive it ; pardon the fault, I pray- 

Jvt. Now, by my modefty, a goodly broker ! * 
Dare you prelume to harbour wanton lines ? 
*To whifper and conlpire againft my youth ? 

« ^^.i^if goodly broker!] A broiit wu ufed fbr matilliiiiaker, 
fQmetimes for a procurefs. Johnson. 
I 



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OF V.ERONA, i8i 

Now, truft mc, 'tis an office of great worth. 
And you. an officer fit for the plf ce. 
There, take the paper, fee it be returned ; 
Or elfe return no more into my fight. 

Luc. To plead for love defcrves more fee than 
hate. 

Jul. Will you be gone ? 

Luc. That you may ruminate. [E^it. 

Jul. And yet, I would I had o'crlook'd the 
letter. 
It were a fliame, to call her back again. 
And pray her to a fault for which I chid hen 
What fgol is (he, that know3 I am a maid. 
And would not force the letter to my view ? 
Since maids, in modefty, fay No^ to that ' 
Which they would have the profFerer conftrue. Ay. 
Fie, fie ! how wayward is this foolifh love. 
That, like a tcfty babe, will fcratch the nurfc. 
And prefently, all humbled, kifs the rod I 
How churliflily I chid Lucetta hence. 
When willingly I would have had her here ! 
How angerly I taught my brow to frown, 
When inward joy enforced my heart to fmile ! 
My penance is, to call Lucetta back. 
And alk remiffion for my folly paft: — 
What ho! Lucetta! 

. So, in Daniers Complaint of Ro/am^nd, 1599 : 

** And flic (o ^c) tbdfc bed-^rai^r/ unclean* 
*• The monilers of our fcx," &c. Steevens. 

^ ■ f ay No, to thaty &c.] A paraphrafe on the old proverb, 
*' Maids fay nay^ and take it*" Steevens. 



N 



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i8i TWO GENTLEMEN 

Re-^nter Lucetta. 

Luc. What would your ladyfliip ? 

Jul. Is it near dinner-time ? 

Luc. I would it were; 

That you might kill your flomach on your meat/ 
And not upon your maid. 

Jul. What is't you took up 

So gingerly ? 

Luc. Nothing. 

Jul. Whydid'ft thou ftoop then? 

Luc. To take a paper up that I let fall. 
Jul. And is that paper nothing ? 
Luc. Nothing concerning me. 

Jul. Then let it lie for thofe that it concerns. 
Luc. Madam, it will not lie where it concerns, 
Unlefs it have a falfe interpreter. 

Jul. Some love <Jf yours hath writ to you in 
rhime. 

Luc. That I might ling it, madam, to a tune : 
Give me a note : your ladyftiip can fet. 

Jul. As little by fuch toys as may be poffible : 
Beft fing it to the tune of Light o* love."^ 
Luc. It is too heavy for fo light a tunc. 
Jul. Heavy ? belike, it hath fome burden then. 

Luc. Ay; and melodious were it, would you 

fing it. 
Jul. And why not you ? 



• ftomach on your meat,] Stomach was ufed for faj^ or 

cbftinacy. Joh nso n. 

9 Lhbt o' love.] This tune is given in a note on Much ada 
iiiout Nothings A£t III. fc. iv. Steevbms. 



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OF VERONA. 183 

Luc. I cannot reach fo high. 

Jul. Let's fee your fong : — How now, minion ? 

Luc. Keep tune there ftill, fo you will fing it out : 
And yet, methinks, I do not like this tune. 

Jul. You do not ? 

Luc. No, madam ; it is too fharp. 

Jul. You, minion, are too faucy. 

Luc. Nay, now you are too flat. 
And mar the concord with too harih a defcant : * 
There wanteth but a mean ' to fill your ibng. 

Jul. The mean is drown'd with your unruly 
bafe. 

Luc. Indeed, I bid the bafe for Proteus.* 



* ^"^^ too harfif a defcant:] Defiant is a term in mafic. See 
Sir John Hawkiiis*^ nott on the firft fpeech in K. Richard III. 

Stbbvens. 

3 ^^Ifut a mean, &c.] The mean is the temr in mafic. So^ in 
the enterlade of Mary Magdaltns Repentance ^ 1 569 : 

** Udlitie can fing the bafis fall cleane^ 

** And noble honour fhall fing the meant.** Stbbtbns. 

4 Indeed^ I bid the bafi; for Protheus,] The Ipeaker here tuma 
the allufion (which her miftrefs employed) from the 6q/e in mufick 
to a country exercife. Bid the hafi : in which fome purfue, and 
others are made prifoners. So that Lucetta would intend, by thii, 
to fay. Indeed X take pains to make you a captive to Proteus'a 
paflion. — He ufes the fame allufion in his Venus and Adonis ; 

'* To bid the winds a hafe he now prepares.'* 
And in his Cymheline he mentions the game ; 

** Lads more like 

** To run the country ^<^/' Waiburton. 

Dr. Warburton is not quite accarate. The game was not called 
Bid the Bafe, but the Bafe^ To hid the bafe means here, I believe, 
to challenge to a conteft. So, in our author's Fensu and Adonis : 

** To bid the wind a bafi he now prepares, 
«• And wh'er he run, or fly, they knew not whether." 
Again, b Hall's Chronicle, fol. 08. b. «• The Queen marched 
firom York to Wakefield, and bade ia/e to the duke, even before his 
caftle." Malonb. 

N4 



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l«4 TWO GENTLEMEN 

JvL. This babble flull not henceforth trouble 
me. 
Here is a coil with proteftation ! — 

{T^ears the letter. 
Go, get you gone ; and let the papers lie : 
You would be fingering them, to anger me. 
Lvc. She makes it ftrange ; but Ihe would be 
beft pleased 
To be fo angered with another letter. {Exit, 

Jul. Nay, would I were fo anger'd with the 
fame! 

hateful hands, to tear fuch loving words ! 
Injurious wafps ! to feed on fuch fweet honey. 
And kill the bees, that yield it, with your ftings ! 
I'll kifs each feveral paper for amends. 

Liook, here is writ — kind Julia -y — ^unkind Julia ! 
As in revenge of thy ingratitude, 

1 throw thy name againfl the bruifing Hones, 
Trampling contemptuoufly on thy difdain. 
Look, here is writ — lave^wounded Proteus : — 
Poor wounded name ! my bofom, as a bed. 
Shall lodge thee, till thy wound be throughly 

heal'd; 
And thus I fearch it with a fovereign kifs. 
But twice, or thrice, was Proteus written down? ^ 
Be calm, good wind, blow not a word away. 
Till I have found each letter in the letter, 
Execpt mine own name ; that fome whirlwind bear 
Unto a ragged, fearful, hanging rock. 
And throw it thence into the raging fea ! 
Lo, here in one line is his name twice writ, — 

Mr. Malone's explanation of the verb-— i/^, is unqueftionably 
juft. So, in one of the parts o£ K. Henry VI : 

** Of force enough to Bid his brother battle/' SteevbK8« 

' writteu down ?] To <wriie down is fttll A pnmncial ex* 

preffion for to tAfrite. H b n l it* 



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OF VERONA, j8s 

Po9rforhm Proteus^ paffionate Proteus^ 

To tbefweet Julia ; — ^that 1*11 tear away; 

And yet I will not, fith fo prettily 

He couples it to his complaining names : 

Thus will I fold them one upon another ; 

Now kifs, embrace, contend, do what you will. 

Re-^nter Lucetta* 

Luc. Madam, dinner's ready, and your father 
ftays. 

Jul. Well, let us go. 

Luc. What, ihall thefe papers lie like tell-tales 
here? 

Jul. If you refpcd them, beft to take them up. 
Luc. Nay, I was taken up for laying them down: 
Yet here they fluH not lie, for catching cold/ 
Jul. I fee, you have a month's mind to them.'' 

^ Yet here they Jhall nU lie^ for catching cold.] That is, as Mr. 
M. Mafon obfcrvcs, left they Jbould catch cold. This mode of ex- 
preffion (he adds) is not frequent in Shakipeare, but occurs in eveiy 
play of Beaumont and Fletcher. 

So, iTi The Captain: 

*• We'll have a bib, for fpoiling of your doublet.'' 
Again, in Lonje*s Pilgrimage : 

•* Stir my horle, fir catching cold/* 
Agun, in The Pilgrim : 

** All her race pstch'd, fir difcovcry.'* 

To thefe I ihall ada anodier infbmce from Bamabie Riche's 
SouhHers Wifl>e to Britom Welfare y or Caftaine Skill and Caftaine 
P///, 1604. p. 64: ** — fach other ill difpofed perfons, being once 
prefled, moft be kept widi continual] guard, &c. fir running away** 

Steevens. 

* Ifee^ ym home a month's mind to them.'\ A monih*j mind was 
an amthoerfary in times of popery; or, as Mr. Ray calls it, a 
leis folenmity directed by the will of the deceafed. There was alfo 
year's mind, and a wjeek'i mind. See Proverbial Phrafes, 

•This ^^spcaxs from tlie interiogatories aad obfervations againft 
the cleigy, in the year 1 552. Inter. 7 : *^ Whether there are any 



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i86 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Luc. Ay, madam^ you may fay what fights you 
fee; 
I fee things too, although you judge I wink. 
Jul. Come, come, will't pleafe you go ? 

[Exeuni. 

SCENE III. 

The fame. A Room in Antonio's Houfe. 

Enter Antonio and Panthino. 

Aar. Tell me, Panthino, what fad talk • was that. 
Wherewith my brother held you in the cloifter? 
Pju. 'Twas of his nephew Proteus, your fon, 

months* minds, and annrverfarks f Strypc's Memorials of the Refor^ 
tnation. Vol. IL p. 354, 

•' Was the month's mind of Sir William^ Laxton, who died the 
hft month (July i;56.} his hearfe burning with wax. and the 
morrow luafs celcbmicd, and a fermon preached^" &c« Strypc's 
Mem^ Vol. III. p. 305. Grey. 

ji month's mind, in the ritual fenfc, fignifies not defire or incli- 
nation, but remembrance ; yet I fuppofe this is the true original 
of the expreffion. Johnson. 

In Hampfiiire, and other weftern counties, for " I can't re* 
mtmier it," they fay, " I can't mind it." Blackstonb* 

Puttenhami in hh Jrt 0/ Foetty, 1589, chap. 24. fpeaking of 
Poetical Lamentations, fays, they were chiefly ufed '* at the burials 
of the dead, alfo at month's minds, and longer times;" and in the 
churchwardens' accompts of St. Helen's in Abingdon, BerkQure, 
1558, thefe month's minds, and the expences attending them, are 
frequently mentioned. Inflead of months minds, thqr are fometimes 
called month's monuments, and in the Injun^Uons of K, Edward VI* 
memories i InjundL 21. By memories, fays Fuller, we underibmd 
the Objequiafor the dead, which fome lay fucceeded in the place of 
the heathen Parentalia. 

If this line was defigned for a verfe, we (hould read — monthes 
mind. So, in A Mid/ummer Night's Dream : 
** Swifter than the moon^i fphere." 

Both thefe are the Saxon genitive cafe. Steevbns. 

• f-^ovAs/ fad te/il— ^] Sad is the fame as grow otferiont. 

JoHN(OBt| 



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OF VERONA. 187 

-rfy r. Why, what of him ? 

Pak. He wondered, that your lordfliip 

Would fuffcr him to (bend his youth at home ; 
While other men, of llcnder reputation,' 
Put forth their fons to feek preferment out : 
Some, to the wars, to try their fortune there ; 
Some, to difcovcr iflands far away ;^ 
Some, to the ftudious univcrfities. 
For any, or for all thcfc exercifes. 
He faid, that Proteus, your fon, was meet; 
And did requeft me, to importune you. 
To let him fpend his time no more at home. 
Which would be great impeachment to his age,* 
In having known no travel in his youth. 

Aur. Nor need'ft thou much importune me to that 
Whereon this month I have been hammering. 

So^ in The Wife Wmm of Horfden, 1638: 

'< Many, fir knight, Tfaw them in/ad taU, 
«« But to fay th^ were diredWy whifpering,** &c. 
Again, in Whetftone's Promos and Caffandra, 1 578 : 

*• The king fdgneth to XaSuJadly with feme of his connfd." 

Stbevbns* 
^ i.^-— of (lender lepatation,] i. e« who are thought (lightly of, 
are of litde confeqoencc* Stbbvbms* 

9 Some to difco^er iflands far away ;] In Shakfpeare's time, 
voyages for the difcovery of the iflands of America were much in 
vogne. And we find, in the journals of the travellers of that time, 
that the fons of noblemen, and of others of the beft families in 
England, went very fieqnentlv on thefe adventures. Such as the 
Fortefeues, Collitons, Thomnills, Farmers, Pickerings, little- 
tons, Willooghbys, Chefiers, Hawleys, firomleys, and otheji. 
To this prevailing fa(hion our poet frequently alludes^ and not 
without high conmiendations of it. W a a b v a to n. 

* — /mtf iinpeachment to bis a^f»] Impeachment, as Mr. M*. 
Mafon very Jttfily obferves, in this inftance fienifies reproach or 
imfmtoHmu 00 Demetrius (ays to Helena in A Midfmmmer Ni^bt'g 
pnam: 

** You do imfeach your modefty too much, 
*« To leave uie city, and commit yourfelf 
«* Into the hands of one that loves you not," Stbbvbns. 



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tSS TWO GENTLEMEN 

I have conlider'd well his lofs of time i 
And how he cannot be a perfed manj 
Not being try'd, and tutor'd in the w^rld : 
Experience is by induftiy atchiev'd> 
And perfected by the fwift courfc of tiwi« * 
Then, tell me, whither were I bcft to fend him ? 

Pant. I think, your lordfhip is not ignoraat^ 
How his companion, you^fiii Valentine^ 
Attends the emperor in hu royal court.* 

jInt. I know it well. 

PjNT. *Twere good, I think^ your lordfliip fent 
him thither : 
There ftiall he pradice tilts and tournaments. 
Hear fweet difcourfe, converfe with noblemen j 
And be in eye of every exercife. 
Worthy his youthand noblenefs of birth. 

Ant. I like thy counfel ; well haft thou advis*d : 
And, that thou may'ft perceive how well I like it. 
The execution of it ftiall make known; 
Even with the fpeedieft expedition 
I will difpatch him to the emperor's court. 

P^NT* To-morrow, may it pleafe you, Don AU 
phonfo, 

' Attends the emferor in bh royal court J\ Shakfpeare has been 
enilcy of no miftake in placing the emperor's court at Milan in 
mis play. Several of the firft German emperors held their courts 
there occafipnally» it beings at that time, their immediate pro* 
perty, and the chief town of their Italian dominions. Some of 
them were crowned kings of Italy at Milan, before they recrived 
die imperial crown at Rome. Nor has the poet fallen into any 
contraaidlion by^ giving a duke to Milan at die &me time that the 
emperor held his court there. The fixft dokas pf that, aad all 
the other great cities in Italy, were not £>reedgn piinces, as they 
afterwards became; but were merely governors, or.vknoya* 
under the emperors, and removeable at their pleafure. Sack 
was the Dttke of Milan mentioned in tfais play. Air, M. Mafon 
adds, that ** during the wars in Italy between Francis I« and 
Charici V. the latter, frequmdyididcd at Milan.'' Stbbvess. 



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DF VERONA. i^ 

Witft other gentlemen of good efteem> 
Are journey iiig to falute the eir^ror^ 
Aiid to commend their fervice to his will. 
Ant. Good company t with them ihall Proteus 
got 
And, ih gowi time/ — ^now will we break with him,* 

£nter Proteus. 

Pro.^ Sweet love! fweet lines ! fweet life! 
Here is her hand, the agent of her heart ; 
Here is her oath for love, her honour's pawn : 
O, that our fathers would applaud our loves. 
To feal our happinefs with their confents ! 
O heavenly Julia ! 

Ant^ How now? what letterareypu reading there? 

Pro. May't pleafe your lordftiip, 'tis a word or 
two 
Of commendation fcnt from Valentine, 
Delivered by a friend that came from him. 

Ant. Lend me the letter ; let me fee what news. 

Pitt>. There is no hews, my lord ; but that he wriDcs 
How happily he lives, how well belov*d, . 
And daily graced by the emperor; 
Wifhing me with him, partner of his fortune. 

Ant. Andhbwflandyouaffedkedtohiswiih? 

4 ....^in good time,] In good time was the old expreffion when 
fomething happened that fuited the thing in hand, as the French 
iky, apropos. Johnson. 

So^ in Richard HI: 

** And, ingoodtime^ iiere coiaes the fweating lotd." 

STBBVBNf. 

* i II i ' now 'willtne break wtb him.'\ That is, break the matter 
t»hiiiw TbttmiA^mitc(QQn%miibKbMaiMN^tbh^,^h^l. 



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ijo TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. As one relying on jrour lordfhip's wilf. 
And not depending on his friendly wiih. 

Ant. My will is fomethin^ forted with his wilh : 
Mufe not that I thus fuddenly proceed ; 
For what I will^ I will, and there an end. 
I am refolv'd, that thOu fhalt fpend fome time 
With Valentinus in the emperor's court ; 
What maintenance he from his friends receives. 
Like exhibition^ thou fhalt have from me. 
To-morrow be in readinefs to go : 
Excufe it not, for I am peremptory. 

Pro. My lord, I cannot be fo foon provided % 
Pleafe you, deliberate a day or two. 

ANr. Look, what thou want'ft, Ihall be fent after 
thee: 
No more of ftay ; to-morrow thou muft go. — 
Come on, Panthino ; you ihall be employed 
To haften on his expedition. 

[Exeuni Ant. OMd Pant. 

Pro. Thus have I fliunn'd the fire, for fear of 
burning ; 
And drcnch'd me in the fea, where I am drown'd : 
I fear'd to fhew my fether Julia's letter^ 
Left he fhould take exceptions to my love ; 
And with the vantage of mi;ie own excufe 
Hath he excepted moft againft my love. 
O, how this Ipring of love refembleth ^ 

^ Xri^ exhibition —->«^] i. e. alldwance. 
So, \n Othello: 

" Due reference of place and exhihitkn** 
Again, in the Dt^il's Lanjo Cafe^ 1623 : 

** — in his riot does far exceed the exhihithm I allowed him." 

Stsbvi^s. 

? O, kvw this ffring of lave refembleth—] At the end of thb 

▼erfe there is wanting a fyUable, for the fpeeco afpaiendy oids ia 



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OF VERONA. 191 

The uncertain gloiy of an April day 1 
Which now (hows &I1 the beauty of the fun^ 
And by and by a cloud takes all away ! 

a quatrain* I find nothing that will rhyme to /mr, and therefet« 
ihall kave it to fomc happier critic* But I fufped that the author 
might write thus 2 

** O j&floi; this /f ring ofloift refemhhth rights 

•* Tht uncertain glory of an Afril day ; 
. ** Which mmnfitws all the glory of the ligfati 
'* And hy and iya cloud takes all annoy I** 
Lizht was either b^r negligence or afiedation ch^ged to fun^ 
which» confidered without the rhyme, is indeed better. The 
next tranfcriber, finding that the word right did not rhyme to/un^ 
fuppofed iterroneoufly written, and left it out. Johnson. 

' It was not always the cuftom, among our early writers, to make 
the firft and third lines rhyme to each other ; and when a word 
was not long enough to complete the meafure, they occafionally 
extended it. Thus Spenfer, in his Faety ^ueen^ B. III. c. 12 : 

" Formerly grounded, and iak/etteUd*' 
.Again, B. II. c. 1 2 : 

*« The while fwcet Zcphims loud nxAiftekd 

'* His treble, a ftrange kind of harmony ; 

" Which Guyon's fenfcs foftly tickeled;* Sec. 
From this pradice, I fuppofe, our author wrote refemheleth^ 
which, though it affords no jingle, completes the verfe. Many 
poems have been written in diis meafure, where the fecond and 
fourth lines only rhime. Stbbvbns. 

Rt/emhleth is here ufed as a quadrifyllable, as if it was written 
re/embeleib. See Comedy of Errors, Aft V. fc. the laft: 

** And thcfc two Dromios, one xxifemhlance** 
As you like it, Adl 11. fc. ii : 

*« The parts and graces of the *wrefiler.** 
And it (hould be obferved, that Shakfpeare takes the iame li- 
berty with many other words, in which /, or r, is fubjoined to 
imother confonant. See Comedy of Errors, next verfe but one to 
thai cited above : 

*« Thefe are the parents to thefc children.*' 
where Ibme editors, bemg unnecelTarily alarmed for the metre, 
have endeavoured to help it by a word of their own : 

•« Thefe /ilj«r^ are the parents to thefe children." 

Tyrwhitt. 

Thus much I had diought fufficient to fay upon this point, in 
the edition of diele plays pubHihed by Mr. Steevens m 1778. 



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192 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Reenter Panthiho. 

PAvr. Sir Proteus, your father calls for you ; 
He is in hafte, therefore, I pray you, go. 



Since which the Author of Remarks, &c« on that edition hat I 
pleafed to affert, p. 7. ** that Shadcfpeare does aot appear* from 
the above infla&ces at leaft, to have taken tbe fmaltcn liberty in 
extendine his wi^ids : neitlver has the iacidcBC of /« or r, being 
fttbjoinea to another oonfonant vuf thing to do in die natter."^. 
*' The troth is/' he goes on to %, ^ dut every «vr^ in the Eng- 
liih language gams an adiUUnal fyUahU by ks lermiairion in tfi^ 
etb, edt m£, ot^ (when formed iau a fiibftaacive) in «r; and dit 
above woids, what rightfy prkoed^ ut not onlf anefceptioMMe, 
.bat moft jttft* Thus r^mbk makoi rffemhle^tb ^ moreftle, ^ufr^Um 
eti^aid/fitle, nuhiftkf SicUe, wakA/tnte-ed, tvhiftk^^ iidtU-ed'* 
As to iHm/upjtoJed Canon of the Engliib Lnynaflet it would be 
cafy to fliew that it is qdxe fanciful and nnsouaded ; and what 
he calls tbe rigbt method of prmtmz the eibove n^orde is fnch as, I 
believe^ was never adopted before by any mortal ia .writing ibtia^ 
nor can be followed in the pronunciatbn of them wilthoat the help 
of an entirely new {yfkcm of fpeUing. But any further difcuffion 
of this matter is unaeceflaiy; be^uife the l^pothefis, though 
allowed in ito ntmoft extent, will not prove either of the points to 
which it is applied. It will neither prove that Shakijffease has 
not taken a liberty in extending certain words, nor ttuit he has 
not niken that liberty chiefly with words in which ^ or r, is 
fubjoined to another conlbnant. The following are all inftaaoes 
of nouns, fubftantive or ad^e^ve, which can receive no fupport 
from the fappofed Canon. ITlat Shakfpeare has taken a lioerty 
in extending thefe words is evident, from the confideration, that 
the fame words are more freqoentljr ufed, by his c<mtemporaries 
and by himfelf, without the additionid {^liable. Why he has 
taken this liberty chiefly with words in which i^ or r, is fiibjoioed 
to another confonant, muft be obvious to any one who cau pro- 
nounce the langua^. . 

Country, tnfyUable. 
T. N. Aft I. fc. ii.^ The like of him. Know'ft diou Hm^mntrj? 
CorioL Aft I. fc. iii. Die noblv for their couktiy^ than one. 

Remembraeice, quadrifylbble. 
T. N. Aft L fc. i. And lafhng in her fad renumbroHce. 
W. T. Aft IV. fc. iv. Grace and remembrance be to you both« 

Angffy, tiyiRrflable. 
Timon« Aft III* k* v. B«t wlio is nan, tbatisnot a;ig^. 



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* OF VERONA. 293 

Pro^ Why, this it is ! my heart accords thereto ; 
And yet a thoufand times it anfwers, no. [Exeunt. 



A C T 11. S C E N E I. 

Milan, jln Apartment in the Duke*s Palace. 

Enter Valentine and Speed. 

Speed. Sir, your glove. 

FjiL. Not mine; my gloves are on. 

Speed. Why then this may be yours, for this is 

but one.' 
FjL. Ha ! let me fee : ay, give it me, it's mine :— 

Henry^ trif^llabk. 
Rich. in. Aa 11. ic. iii. So ftood the ftate, when Henty the Sixth-^ 
2 H. VL AaiL fc.ii. Crown'di^ the name of if/vf^ the Foordu 
And &i in many other paflages. 

Monfinm^ trifyllable. 
Macb. Ad IV. fc. vi. Who cannot want the thoufiht how mottftrtms. 
Othello. Aa li. fc. iii. 'Tis momftrwt. lago, ^o began it? 

• AJJemblyt qnadrifyllaUe. 
M. A. A* N. Aa V. fc. laft. Good morrow to this &ir affmbfym 

DoHglaSf trifyllable. 
I H. IV. Aa V. fc. ii. Lord Douglas go jovi and tell him fo. 

England^ trifyllable. 
JRich. IL Aa IV. fc. i. Than Bolingbrooke retarn to "England. 

Humbler^ trifyllable. 
I H. VI. Aaill. fc. i. Methinkshis lordihip ^io^^htlumhkr. 

Nobltr, trifyllable. 
Coriol. Aa in. fc. ii. You do the nobler. Cor. I nmfe my mother-— » 

Ttrwhitt. 
• Val. Nei mine ; my glovet are on. 
Speed. Why tbeut *ois may be yours ^ for this is ha one.] It 
flioald fcem from tUs pafla^^ that the word one was anciently 
pronoanced as if it were written mt. The quibble here is loft by 
the change of pronunciation; a lofi« however^ which may be very 
patiently endured. Malokb. 

Vol. III. O 



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194 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Sweet omament ditt decks a diing divine 1 
Ah Silvia 1 Silviai 

Speed. Madam Silvia ! madam Silvia 1 

Val. How now, firrah? 

Speed. Shie is not within hearii^, (ir^ 

Val. Why, fir, who bade you call her? 

Speed. Your worftiip, fir; or clfe I mifteek. 

Val. Well, you'll ftill be too forward. 

Speed. And yet I was laft chidden for being too 
flow. 

Fal. Go to, fir; tell qi^^ do yov knpw qiadam 
Silvia ? 

Speed. She that your worfhip loves ? 

F^L^ Why^ haw know you that I am m lovf ? 

Speed. Marry, by thefe fpecial marks: Firfl:, 
you have learn*d, like fir Proteu?, to wreath your 
^rm^ like a male-pontem:; to reliih a love^c^^ 
lik£ a Robia-d^-^Feaft; to walk alpne» like om 
that had the peftilence ; to figh, like a fchool-bojr 
that had loft his A* B. C; to weep, like a young 
wea(:h that had buri^ her grandam ; to fall, like 
one that takes diet ; ^ to watch, like one that fears 
robbing; to fpeak puling, like a beggar at HaU 
lowiQa?.^ ypu were woiit, when you laugh*d^ tp 

•^ — — tales diet ;] To take diet was the phr^fe fof being under 
regimen for a 4^k2St mentioned in Timon of Athens : 

•* bring down the rofe-cheek'd youth 

*^ Tp this tub-fii4 and tbe 4i?t." STBKVBNa. 

* r^^-'-^Hallotwmas.'] This is about the feaft of All-Saints, when 
wmter begins, and the life of 4 v^gp^ becomes kft oonofortable. 

JoBirsoN. 

It is wordi remarking that on All-SeuutS'Dmy the poor people in 
Staffordfiire, and periia^^s in other couatiy places, go from parift 
to ^arifh afiuliug as they call it; i. e. begging and (uUmg (or 
fmgmg fmall, as Bailey's Dift. explains /xi^/} for >J*rAfcr/» or 



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OF VERONA* 195 

crow like n cock s when you walked, to walk like 
one of the lions ; ' when you i&lled, it was prefently 
after dinner; when you looked fadly, it was for 
want of money : and now you are metamorphos'd 
with a miftrefs, that, when I look on you, I can 
hardly think you my mafter. 

V4L. Are all thefe things perceived in me? 

Speed. They are all perceived without you. 

F^i. Without me ? they cannot. 

Speed. Without you ? nay, that's certain ; for, 
without you were fo fimple, none elfe would : * but 
you are fo without thefe follies, that thefe follies 
are within you, and Ihine through you like the wa- 
ter in an urinal ; that not an eye, that fees you, but 
k a phyiician to comment on your malady. 

FjL. But, tell me, doft thou know my lady Silvia ? 

Speed. She, that you gaae on fo, as Ihe fits at 
fuppcr? 

Fal. Haft thou obferved that ? even (he I mean. 

Speed. Why, fir, I know her not. 

FjL. Doft thou know her by my gazing on her, 
and jct know'ft her not ? 

Speed. Is flie not hard-favoured, fir ? 

Fai. Not fo fair, boy, a3 well-favour'd- 

any good tfaipg to make them meny. This cuftom is mentioned 
bf feck, and ieems a remnant of Popilh fuperfticion to pn^ for 
dtapaitod fools* pactkqjtaily thofe of fiiends. The JbuUr's fong 
in ^fjftrdfinrt^ u diffcrtnt £roni ^t which Mr. F^k mentions, 
and isDy no means worthy pobKcation. Tol l b t. * 

/««uMi/i/£ir one of the lions;] If our anthor had notbcen 

blinking of the lions in the Tower, he would have written—** to 
'k mt lifm.'* Hi tso v. 

none e^fi 'wwld:'\ None elfe would befiJmfU. 

JoH}|9QX. 

O 2 



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196 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Speed. Sir, I know that well enough, 

Fjl. What doft thou know? 

Speed. That (he is not fo fair, as (of you) welt 
favoured. 

Fal. I mean, that her beauty is cxquifite, but her 
favour infinite. 

Speed. That's becaufe the one is painted, and the 
other out of all count. 

Fal. How painted? and how out of count? ' 

Speed. Marry, fir, fo painted, to make her fair, 
that no man counts of her beauty. 

Fal. How eftcemefl: thou me ? I account of hei; 
beauty. 

SpEED^ You never faw her fince fhe was deformed. 
Fal. How long hath Ihc been deformed ? 
Speed. Ever fincc you loved her. 

Fal. I have loved her ever fince I faw her ; and 
ftill I fee her beautiful. 

Speed. If you love her, you cannot fee hen 
Fal. Why? 

Speed. Becaufe love is blind. O, that you had 
mine eyes; or your own eyes had the lights they 
were wont to have, when you chid at fir Proteus 
for going ung^tered ! * 

Fal. What ihould I fee then? 

Speed. Your own prefent folly, and her pafling 
deformity : for he, being in love, could not fee to 
garter his hofe; and you, being in love, cannot 
fee to put on your hofe. 

I -----ybr^oiffj^ungartered!] This u «nnmerated hy Rofalind 
in Jtyoti /ike it, A&, fil. fc. ii. as one of the undoubted marks of 
Ipve : «' Then your hofe Ihonld be ttfigarured, your bonnet un- 
bandcd," &c. Malo.ne. 



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OF VERONA. 197 

fill. Belike^ boy, then you are in love ; for laft 
morning you could not fee to wipe my ihoes. 

Speed. True, fir; I was in love with my bed: 
I thank you, you fwinged me for my love, which 
makes me the bolder to chide you for yours. 

FjL. In conclufion, I (land afFedled to her. 

Speed. I would you were fet ;* fo, your afFedion 
would ceale. 

^L. Laft night fhe enjoin'd me to write fome 
lines to one Ihe loves. 

Speed. And have you? 

Fal. I have. 

Speed. Are they not lamely writ ? 

Fal. No, boy, but as well as I can do them : — 
Peace, here fhe comes. 

Enter Silvia. 

Speed. O excellent motion ! O exceeding pup- 
pet ! now will he interpret to her.^ 

• / fwoiJdyou njjere fct ;] Set for feated, in oppofition to fland, 
in the foregoing line. M. Mason. 

'^ O excellent mo^onX &c.] Motion, in Shakfpeare's time, fie;, 
hlfied puppet. In Ben Jonfon's Bartholomew Fair it is frequentl/ 
ofed in that fenfe« or rather perhap to fignify 2l puppet-Jbonu \ the 
mailer whereof may properl]^ oe faid to be an interpreter, as being 
the explainer of the inarticulate language of the adlors. The 
fpeech of the fervant is an allufion to that pradlice> and he means 
Co fay, that Silvia is a puppet, and that Valentine is to interpret 
to, or rathery^r her. Sir J. Hawkins. 

So, in The City Match, 1 639, by Jafper Maine : 

** his mother came, 

** Who follows ftrange fights out of town, and went 

•• To Brentford for a motion" 

Again, in The Pilgrim : 

** Nothing but a motion f 

^ A /«//^/ pilgrim ?"—- Stsbybits* 

03 



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19S TWO GENTLEMEN 

Vau Madam and miftrefi, a thoufimd g<Kki« 
morrows. 

Sfbed. O, 'give you good even! here's a million 
of manners. [4fide4 

Sjt. Sir Valentine and fervant/ to you two 
thoufand. 

Speed. He Ihould give her intereft; and ihe 
gives it him. 

Val. As you enjoin'd me, I have writ your letter. 
Unto the fecret namelefs friend of yours ; 
Which I was much unwilling to proceed in. 
But for my duty to your ladyfliip. 

SiL. I thank you, gentle fervant : 'tis very clerkly 
done.^ 

Val. Now truft me, madam, it came hardly off; * 
For, being ignorant to whom it goes, 
I writ at random, very doubtfully. 

Siu Perchance you think too much of fo much 
pains? 

Vai. No, madam 1 fo it (lead you, I will writei 

< Sir VaUntiui and fervaat^l Here Silyia calls her Xawtxferoaat^ 
and again below her gentle fir*vauU This was the language of 
ladies to their lovers at the time when Shakfpeare wrote. 

Sir J. Hawkins. 
So, in Marfton's What you nvfff, 1607 : 

«» Sweet Mer, let's fit iajodffcment a little; faith npon my 

/ervant Monficor Laverdurc, 
-** Mel. Troth, well for ^/eroant; bnt for a huihandl" 
Again, in Ben Jonfon's Efvery Man out of his Humour: 

** Every man was not born widi my fervant Bri&'s features/* 

Stesvbns« 

• *tis 'very cfcrkljr dtme.l^ i. e. Bke a fchcdar. So, in The 

Merty JVives ofWindfor: 

•* Thtm art f Ar;i/K, fir John, ilerklj.** Stsevins* 

* it came hardly off;] ' A fimilar phrafe occurs in Timm 

•f Athens, Ad I. fc. i : 

«« This coma of well an4 excellent.*' Stbevens^ 



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OF TERONA. t^ 

tlttdh yoo conunMH^ a tkdulknd times is much : 
And yet, — 

Su. A pmtf period! Well, I ffxtfi the tsqtttl ; 
And yet I will not name it : — and yet I card net r^ 
And yet uke this again; — and yet I thank you; 
Meaning henceforth to trouble you no more. 

Speed. And yet you will ; and y^t another yet, 

t^AL. What means yotir ladyfllip? do you not 
like it? 

SiL. Yes, yes j the linis are rcry quaintly trrit ; 
But iince UrtiriUingly^ take €h«ni ugai ii i 
Nay, taka thdm. 

Vai. Mjfcdam, they are for yo6* 

Sit. Ay, ay ; you writ them, fir, at my requcll ; 
But I will none of them ; they are for you : 
I Would have IkkI them writ more tnc^ngly* 

Val. Plcafeyou, PU write ydtff tadyftiip another, 

Su. AM, iffhtA iVs Writ, for tof fake read it 
orer: 
And, if it pleafe you^ foi if not^ why, (o. 

Val. If it {^edfe mt, madam! what then? 

SiL. Why, if it pleafe you, take it for your la- 
bour! 
And fo good-morrow, fcrvant, [^Exit Silvia. 

Sfemp. Ojeftunfem, infcrutable, invifible. 
As a nofo cm a man'a i^e, or a weathercock on a 

fteeple! 
Mymafterfuestdbef ; dndihehath taught herfuitor. 
He being her pupil, to become her tutor. 
O exciellertf device t Wa§ there ever heard a better ? 
That my mafter, being fcribc, to himfelf fhoiltd 
write the letter? 

O4 



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200 TWO GENTLEMEN 

VjL. How now, fir? what are you rcafontng with 
yourfelf ? ' , 

Speed. Nay, I was rhiming ; 'tis you that have 
the reafon. 

Fau To do what ? 

Speed. To be a fpokefman from madam Silvia. 

Val. To whom ? 

Speed. To yourfelf: why,fhe wooes you by a figure* 

Fal. What figure? 

Speed. By a letter, I fhould fay* 

Fal. Why, {he hath not writ to me ? 

Speed. What need (he, when flie made you 
write to yourfelf? Why, do you not perceive the 
jeft? 

Fal. No, believe me. 

Speed. No believing you indeed, fir: But did 
you perceive her earncft ?. 

Fal. She gave me none, . except an angry, word. 
Speed. Why, flie hath given you a letter. 
Fal. That's the letter I writ to her friend. 
Speed. And that letter hath flie delivered,, and 
there an end.^ 

Fal. I would, it were no worfe. 

Speed. PlI warrant you, ^tis as well : 
For often you have writ to beri andjbe^ in-modefty. 
Or elfefor want of idle time, could not again reply i 

t ...^rearoning *with yourfelf f\ That is* HfcmrfiHg^ talking^ 
An ItalianifoL Johnson. 

4 iod there an eitd.] i. e. there's the coacliifion of Ac 

matter. So, in Macbeth: 

«• the times have been 

" That when the brains were ont, the man would die* 
" And there OH tni.' " ^^ ■ SteeV£H«. 



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Of^ VERONA; aoi 

Or fiaringelfe fome mejfenger^ that might her mind 

dijcwevy 
Herf elf bath tMgbt her ityue bimjelfto write unto ber 

iover. — r 
All this I fpeak in print ; * for in print I found it.— 
Why mufc you, fir ? 'tis dinner-time* 
FjtL. I have din*d« 

Speed. Ay, but hearken, fir : though the came* 
leon Love can feed on the air, I am one that am 
nourifhed by my vi<9iials, and would fain have 
meat : O, be not like your miftrefs 5 be moved, be 
moved* [Exeunt. 

SCENE IL 

Verona. A Roam in Julia's Houfe. 

Enter Proteus and Julia. 

Pko. Have patience, gentle Julia. 
JvL. I muft, where is no remedy. 
Pro. When pollibly I can, I will return. 
Jvh. If you turn not, you will return the fooner : 
Keep this remembrance for thy Julia's fake. 

[Giving a ring. 
PBO0 Why then we'll make exchange; here, 

take you this. 
yuL. And feal the bargain with a holy kifs. 
Pro. Here is my hand for my true conftancy ; 

' All this I /peak in print;] In print means nnltb txa&nefs. So, 
in^Sntcannody iiSAU Fooles^ 160^: 
• •* , ■ not a half 
<« Aboot his bulk, bat it ftands in print." 
Aeain, in Jit Fortrakun of Hypoerife^ bl. 1. 15S9: 'f ^-others 
lam out to maintaine their porte, wmch muft needes bee in print.** 

Stibvini* 



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ftoi TWO GENTLEMEN 

And when that hour Cer^flips me in the dtf^, 

Wherein I figh not, Julia, for thy iakc. 
The next eniuing hour foitaa &ul xnifchmcA 
Torment me for my love's forgetfiilneft ! 
My father ftaytf my coming t unfwet not i 
The tide is now t nay, not thy tide of tcaain 5 
That tide will ftay me longer thaft I fh6uld 3 

lExit Ju&iA. 
Julia, farewelL— What ! gone without a word? 
Ay, fo true love ihould do : it cannot fpeak ; 
For truth hath better deeds, thanwordi^, to grace it, 

£»/^rJPANTHINO. 

Pjn. Sir Proteus, you are ftaid for. 
Pro. Go; I come, I come: — 
Alas ! this parting f^rikes poor lovers dumb. 

^Exeun/m 

SCENE lIL 

Tbe/ame. Afireet. 

Enter l^k\:}itt^^ leading a dog. 

Ljxfif. Niy, *twill be this hour ere I have done 
weeping \ all the kind of the iMxtiCtU ha^e this 
very fault: I have received my proportion, like 
the prodigious fon, and am going With fir Proteus 
to the Imperial's courts I think. Crab my dog 
be the fourefl-natured dog that lives : my mother 
weeping, my father wailing, my fifter crying, our 
maid howling, our cat wrmging her hands, and 
all our houfe in a great perplexity, yet did not 
this cruel-hearted cur ihed one tear j he Is 4 ftone, 
a very pebble-ftone, and has no more pity in him 
than a dog ; a Jew would have wept to have feen 



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OF VERONA, ao:i 

our parting ; why^ my gnndam having no cyci^ 
look you, vrtpt hcrfelf blind at my psuting. Nay^ 
141 ihow you the manner of it : This ihoe i» tnj 
fktheri-^no, this left flioe is my father; — nO| no^ . 
this left ihoe is my mother ;-^nay, that cannot be 
fo neither ;-7-ycs, it is fo, it is fo ; it hath the 
worfer fole : This ihoe, with the hole in it, is my 
mother, and this my father; A vengeance on*t! 
there 'tis: now, fir, this ftaff is my fifter; for, 
look you, ibe is as white as a lily, and as fmall 
as a wand : this hat is Nan^ our maid ; I am the 
dog:^ — ^no, the dog is himfelf, and I am the dog,^ 
— ^O, the dog is me, and I am myfelf ; ay, fo, fo. 
Now come I to my father; Father^ yonr il^ngt 
now (hould not the fhoe fpeak a word for weep« 
ing; now ihould I kifs my father; well, he weeps 
on : — now come I to my mother, (O, that flie could 
fpeak now! J like a wood woman;* — well, I kifs 

• 1 am the dog: &c.] A fimllar thought occurs in a play 

printed earlier than the ptefent. See A Chriftian tnmti Turk, i o 1 2 : 

you (hall ftand for the lady; you fer her dog, and 1 the 

^; you and ttut dog locking one upon another : uie page pre- 

its Ittmfelf." Stbsv K its. 

1 1 am tie dog, &c.] Hiis paflage is much confufed, and 

of confufion the prefent reading makes no end. Sir T. Manmer 
reads, / am the dog, no, the d^ is him/elf and I am me, the doz it 
the dog, and I am nrjffelf. This certainly is more icafonable, but 
I know not how much teafon the author intended to beftow on 
Launce's foliloquy. Johnson. 

' tike a wood woman; — '^ The firfl folios agree in 

loomtd-'woman :^ for which, becaufe it was a myfter^ to Mr. Pope, 
he has unmeaningly fubftituted ould nvomasi* But it muft be writ, 
or at leaft und^ood, wood woman, i. e. crazy, frantic with 
grief; or diftraifled, from any other caufc. The word is very 
nequently ufed in Chaucer; and fometimes writ <wood, fometimes 
nvbde. Treobald. 

Print thus: <' Now come I to n^ mother, (0, that (he could 
fpeak nowl) like a wood woman." 

Perhaps the humoor would be heigl^tened by reading {O, that 
(he/t^e covld/feai now!) Blackstone. 
I 



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204 TWO GENTLEMEN 

her r— why there 'tis; here's my mother's breath 
up and down : now come I to my fifter ; mark the 
moan Ihe makes : now the d<^ all this while (heds 
not a tear, nor fpeaks a word ; but fee how I lay 
the duft with my tears. 

Enter Panthino. 

Pan. Launce, away, away, aboard; thy mailer 
is (hipped, and thou art to poft after with oars. 
What's the matter? why weep'ft thou, man ? Away, 
afs ; you will lofe the tide, if you tarry any longer. 

Law. It is no matter if the ty'd were loft ; ' for 
it is the unkindcft ty*d that ever any man ty'd. 

Pav. What's the unkindeft tide ? 

LAuif. Why, he that's ty'd here ; Crab, my dog. 

Pan. Tut, man, I mean thou'lt lofe the flood ; 



I have followed the pundaation recommended by Sir W. Black* 
ftone. The emendation propofed by him was made, I find, by. 
Sir T. Hanmer. Malonb. 

O that Jbe could /peak nvi» hie a wood woman!] Laance it 
defcribing the melancholy parting between him and his family. In 
order to do this more- methodically, he makes one of his flieet 
fbmd for his &ther, and the other for his mother. And when be 
has done taking leave of his father, he fays, Nonu come I to my 
mother f turning to the (hoe that is fuppofed to perfonate her. And 
in order to render the reprefentation more perfed, he exprefTes hb 
wifh that it could fpeak like a woman frantic with grief! There 
could be no doubt about . the fenfe of the paflage, £d he iaid^- 
« O that it could fpeak like a wood woman !'^ But he uies the 
feminine pronoun in faking of the (hoe, becaufe it is fuppofed to 
rcprefcnt a woman. M» Masok. 

5 if the ty'd fwere loft\\ Thb quibble, wretched, as it is, 

might have been borrowed by Shakfpeare from Lilly's Endjmion^ 
1591 : ** Efi, You know it is faid, the tide tarrieth for no man.— ^ 
Sam» True. — Epi, A monftroqs lye : for I was tyd two hours, and 
tarried for one to unloofe me." The fame play on words occurs in 
Chapman's Andromeda, Liberata^ 1 614 : 

** And how came roaring to the tied the tide.'* Stexvsns. 



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OF VERONA. 20S 

and^ in lofing the flood, lofe thy voyage ; and, in 
lofing thy voyage, lofe thy mafter; and, in lofing 
thy mafter, lofe thy fervice; and, in lofing thy 
fcrvice, — Why doft thou flop my mouth ? 

Lavn. For fear thou Ihould'ft lofe thy tongue. 

Pan. Where fliould I lofe my tongue? 

Laun. In thy tale. 

Pan. In thy tail ? 

Laun. Lofe the tide,* and the voyage, and the 
mafter, and the fervice ? The tide ! ' — Why, man, 
if the river were dry, I am able to fill it with my 
tears ; if the wind were down, I could drive the 
boat with my fighs. 

Pan. Come, come away, man ; I was fent to call 
thee. 
Laun. Sir, call me what thou dareft. 
Pan. Wilt thou go? 
Laun. Well, I will go. [Exeunt. 

S C E N E IV. 
Milan. An Apartment in the Duke's Palace. 

Enter Valentine, Silvia, Thurio, and Speed. 

SiL. Servant — 
A^^L. Miftrefs? 
Sfbmd. Mafter, fir Thurio frowns on you. 

^ Ltfe the tide,] Thos the old copy. Some of the modem 
•diton reaid — ihtJkoJ. Stbkvbns. 

I .^ The tide /] The old copy reads — ** and the tide." I once 
fappofed thefe three words to have been repeated, through fome 
error of the tranfcriber or printer ; but, pointed as the paiTage now 
if, (with the omiffion ofand) it feems to have fufficient meaning. 

Stbsvens. 



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tQ$ TWO GENTtEMEN 

F41. Ays boy, it's for We^ 
SpMBD. Not of you. 
F^L. Of my miftrefs then. 
Speed. 'Twcre good, you knocked him. 
SiL. Servant, you are fad. 
FjtL. Indeed, madam, I feem fo. 
Thu. Seem you that you are not ? 
FjL, Haply, I do* 
Tbu^ So do counterfeits. 
r^i. So do you, 

Tau. What feem I, that I am not? 
r^L. Wife. 

Thu. What inftance of the contrary? 
Fal. Your folly. 

Thu. And how quote you my folly ? ♦ 
Fal. I quote it in your jerkin. 
Thu. My jerkin is a doublet. 
Fal. Well, then, lil double your folly. 
Thu. How? 

SiL. What, angry, fir Thurio? do you change 
colour ? 

FjfL. Give him leave, madam ; he is a kind of 
cameleon. 

4 Aow quote j^Mt ^fi^fy^^ '^^ f*^ i^ ^ Afimte^ So, in 

Hamlit: 

'< I am foittf thftt with better heed and judgement 
*' I had not f»9 Whim." Stebvens* 
VakntijgA im hi» answer playi upon tl^e word, whicb wa9 pio- 
nounced as if written coau So» in Th$ Rapi of Lugrc^f^ '5M* 
•• — -^die illiterate, that know not bow 
•• To cipher what is writ in learned books, 
«* Will cote my loathfome trcfpafs in n^ looks." 
In our p^t's time words were thus freqijiently fpelt by the ear, 

Malone. 



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QF VERONA, 307 

9fr(f« ThM hath more in!in4 to j^pnypiu'blood, 
thsui live in your ^ir« 
Fal. You have faid, fin 
Thu. Ay^ fir^ and done too» for this time. 

Fal. Iknowitwell^fir$ you always end ere you 
begin. 

SjL. A fine volley of words^ gentlemen^ and 
fuicklyihptoflr, 

FAf,^ 'Tis indeed^ madams we thank the given 

SiL. Who is that, fcrvant ? 

F4L. Yourfdf, fweet lady; for you gave the fire: 
fir Thurio borrows his wit from your lad/ihip*« 
looks, and ipends what he borrows, kindly in your 
company. 

Tffu* Sir, if you fpend word for word with tm, 
I Ihall nwke your wit bankrupt* 

Fal. I know it well, flr: you have an exchequer 
of words, andj I thinkj m other treafure to ^vc 
your followers 1 for it appears by their bare li veriei , 
dwt they live by your bve words* 

SiL. No more, gentlemen, no tnore; here comes 
my father. 

E$ttir DuicE* 

Dt/JTC* Now, daughter Silvia, you are hard befct. 
Sir Valentine^ your Utther's in good health : 
What fay you to a letter from your friends 
Of much good news ? 

Fal. My lord, I will be thankfiil 

To any happy mefibnger from thence. 

Dumb. Know you Don Antonio, your country^ 
man?^ 

' £»w jw« Don Jtamkt y^m €mmt t y mtm f\ The wevd Don 
fkoold be omitted ; at ^iido the k^Qiy k does to the «Mtie« tht 



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208 TWO GENTLEMEN 

. Val. Ay, my good lord, I know the gentleman 
To be of worth, and worthy eftimation. 
And not without defcrt^ fo well reputed. . 

DuxE. Hath he not a fon ? 
Fal. Ay, my good lord; a fon, that well deferves 
The honour and regard of fuch a father. 
Duke. You know him well ? 

f^AL. I knew him, as myfelf ; for from our infanqr 
We have convers'd, and fpent our hours together : 
And though myfelf have been an idle truant. 
Omitting the fweet benefit of time. 
To clothe mine age with angel-like perfoftion ; 
Yet hath fir Proteus, for that's his name. 
Made ufe and fair advantage of his days ; 
His years but young, but his experience old ; 
His head iinmellow'd, but his judgment ripe; 
And, in a word, (for far behind his worth 
Come all the praifes that I now bcftow,} 
He is complete in feature, and in mind. 
With all good grace to grace a gentleman. 

Duke. Befhrew me, fir, but, if he make this 
good. 
He is as worthy for an emprefs' love. 
As meet to be an emperor's counfellor. 
Well, fir ,; this gentleman is come to me. 
With commendation from great potentates ; 
And here he means to fpend his time a-while : 
I think, *tis no unwelcome news to you. 

Fal. Should I have wifti*d a thing, it had been he. 

charadters are Italtaus^ liot Spaniards. Had the meafare admitted 
itn^ Shakfpeare would have written Signor. And yet, alter making 
this remark, I noticed Don Alfhm^o in a precodiog fcene. But 
for all that, the remark may be juft. Ritson* 

* — »ff^ njoitbota defert ] And not dignified with fo mdch 

reputation without proportionate merit. Johnson, 



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OF VERONA. 209 

Duke. Welcome him then according to his worth ; 
Silvia^ I fpeak to you ; and you, fir Thurio : — 
For Valentine, I need not 'cite him to it : ' 
I'll fend him hither to you prefently. \^Exit Duke. 

Fal. This is the gentleman, I told your lady fhip. 
Had come along with me, but that his miftrefs 
Did hold his eyes lock'd in her cryftal looks. 

SiL. Belike, that now (he hath enfranchised them 
Upon fome other pawn for fealty. 

Fal. Nay, fure, I think, fhe holds them prifoners 
ftiU. 

SiL. Nay, then he Ihould be blind; and, being 
blind. 
How could he fee his way to feek out you ? 

Fal. Why, lady, love hath twenty pair of eyes. 

Thu. They fay, that love hath not an eye at all. 

Fal. To fee fuch lovers, Thurio, as yourfelf; 
Upon a homely objedl love can wink. 

Enter Proteus. 

SiL. Have done, have done; here comes the gen- 
tleman. 

Fal. Welcome, dear Proteus ! — Miftrefs, I be- 
feech you. 
Confirm his welcome with fome fpecial favour. 

SiL. His worth is warrant for his welcome hither. 
If this be he you oft have wilh'd to hear from. 

Fal. Miftrefs, it is : fweet lady, entertain him 
To be my fellow-fervant to your ladyfhip. 

SiL. Too low a miftrefs for fo high a fervant. 

' Imednot 'cite him u it:"] u e. incite him to it. Melons. 

Vol. III. P 



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2IO TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. Not fo, fwcct lady ; but too mcati afcrvant 
To have a look of fuch a worthy miftrcft. 

rAL, Leave off difcourfe of difability :— • 
Sweet lady, entertain him for your fervant. 

Pro. My duty will I boaft of, nothing elfe. 

SiL. Ai^ duty never yet did want his meed : 
Servant, you are welcome to a worthlefs miftrefs. 

Pro. ril die on him that fays fo, but yourfdf. 

SiL. That yofu are welcome? 

Pro, No ; that you arc worthlefs.* 

Enier Servant. 

Ser. Madam, my lord your father^ would fpeak 
with yoii. 

SiL* 1*11 wait upon his pleafure. f^xU Servant. 

Come, SirThurio, 
Go with me : — Once more, new fervant, welcome : 
I'll leave you to confer of home«afFairs ; 
When you have done^ we look to hear from you* 



* Ko; thatjoManwoiibie&.'] I have inlerted the particle »9« to 
fill up the meaibre. Johnson. 

Perhaps the particle fuoplied is unnec^ary. ^ Wortblefi was, I 
believe, afed as a trifyllable. See Mr. Tyrwhitt's note, p. 191. 

Maloim. 

Is nwrthUfi a trifyllabfe 10 the preceding fjpeecb of Silyia? Is 
there any inftance of the licence recommended, refpeAing the ad- 
jedive 'woHblefit to be found in Shakfpeare, or any other writer? 

STBBy'SNS. 

• Ser. Madam, my lord your father"-—^ TTiis fpeech in all 
the editions is affignei improperly to Thurio ; but he has been ^ 
alone upon the ftage, and could not know that the doke wanted 
his daughter. Bendes, the firft line and half of Silvia's anfwer it 
evidently addrefled to two perfons. A fervant, therefore, moft 
come in and deliver the mdTage; and then Silvia goes out fHth 
Thurio. Theobald. 



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OF VERONA. ait 

Pro. Wc*H both attend upon your ladylhip. 

lEx^nt Silvia^ Thurio, and Speed. 

y^AL^ Now, tell me, how do all from whence you 
came? 

Pro. Your friends are well, and have them much 

commended. 
Fal. And how do yours ? 
Pro^ I left them all in health. 

Fal. How does your lady ? and how thrives your 

love? 

Pro. My tales of love were wont to weaty you 4 
I know, you joy not in a love^ifcourfe. 

Fal. Ay, Proteus, but that life is altered now: 
I have done penance for contemning love ; 
Whofe l^gh imperious * thoughts have puniih*d me 
With bitter fafts, with penitential groans. 
With nightly tears, and xiaily heart-fore iigfas; 
For, in revenge of my contempt of love, 
liove hath cfaac'd fleep from my enthralled eyes. 
And made them watchers of mine own heart's fprrow* 
O, gentle Proteus, love's a mighty lord 5 
Ana hath fo humbled me, as, I confefs. 
There is no woe to his corre&ion,' 

• WhoTe bigk imferitm ] For wioft I feid Mofi. X Imvt 

conDenmed lore and am pumlhed. TB^f nidi dioogfats, by which 
I exalted myfdf abof e nmnan paffions or naihies^ have Drought 
fipQo me fiifti and groans. Jomnsoh, 

I bcfieve the old copy is riffht. Imferhm is an epithet very 
ficqaendy applied to love hy Shdefeeare and his contemponries. 
So» in Snir Fammt Hijhrk ofGfw^ Lord Fadtmhrlige^ 410. 1616, 
•p. 15: ** Sach an imferkut God is lore, and fo commanding." 
A few lines lower Valentine obferves, diat— '* love's a miobi]^ UrlU* 

Maloki. 

* ■■ ■ «o 4Mr to his tttmBkn^ No mifery dutt am he eomfoM 
m Ae PonMhment inflifted by love, Herbert called for die prayers 
of die litarxy a litde before hti'deadi, fkying, JKnar to Aem, mm 
t»them. JoHNsoir. 

P2 



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212 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Nor, to his fervice, no fuch joy on earth! 
Now, no difcourfe, except it be of love; 
Now can I break my faft, dine, fup, and deep. 
Upon the very naked name of love. 

Pro. Enough ; I read your fortune in your eye : 
Was this the idol that you worfhip fo ? 

Fal* Even fhe ; and is flie not a heavenly faint ? 

Pro. No ; but fhe is an earthly paragon. 

Fal. Call her divine. 

Pro. I will not flatter her, 

Fal. O, flatter me ; for love delights in praifes. 

Pro* When I was lick, you gave me bitter pills ;. 
And I muft minifter the like to you. 

FjiL. Then fpeak the truth by her ; if not divine. 
Yet let her be a principality,* 
Sovereign to all the creatures on the earth. 

Pro. Except my miftrefs. 

Fal. Sweet, except not any ; 

Except thou wilt except againft my love. 

Pro. Have I not reafon to prefer mine own? 
FjL. And I will help thee to prefer her too : 



The fame idiom occurs in an old ballad quoted in Cufitt 
WbirUpg^ r6i6: 

'* There is no comfort in the world 

*< 70 women that are kind." Malons. 

4 a principality,] The firft otfrituifal of women. So the 

old writers ufe ftate. " Sie is a lady, a great Hate." La^rmer. 
** This look is ealUd in ftates warlie, in others otberwi/e.** Sir. T« 
More., Johnson. 

There is a (imilar ienfe of this word in St. Paul's Epiftle to the 
Romans viii. 38. — ** nor an^ls nov principalities.** 

Mr. M. Mafon thus judicioufly paraphrafes the fentiment of 
Valentine. '* If you wiU not aclmowledge her as divine, let her 
at leaft be confidered as an angel of the fixft order« fopcrior to 
every thing on earth." Stbsvbns* 



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OF VERONA. 213 

She fliall be dignified with this high honour, — 
To bear my lady's train ; left the bafe earth 
Should from her vefture chance to fteal a kifs. 
And, of fo great a favour growing proud, 
Difdain to root the fumnier-fwelling flower,* 
And make rough winter everlaftingly. 

Pro. Why, Valentine, what braggardifm is this ? 

V^L. Pardon me, Proteus : all I can, is nothing 
T(i her, whofc worth makes other worthies nothing ; 
She is alone.^ 

Pro. Then let her alone. 

Val. Not for the world : why, man, (he is mine 
own; 
And I as rich in having fuch a jewel. 
As twenty feas, if all their fandf were pearl. 
The water nedtar, and the rocks pure gold. 
Forgive me, that I do not dream on thee, 
Becaufe thou feeft me dote upon my love. 
My foolifh rival, that her father likes. 
Only for his pofleflions are fo huge. 
Is gone with her along ; and I muft after. 
For love, thou know'ft, is full of jealoufy. 

Pro. But fhe loves you ? 

. ^ ^— fummer-fwclling./K7W^,] I once thought that our poet 
had -wnxttn/ummir-fmelling ; but the epithet which ftands in the 
text I have fince met with in the tranflation of Lucan, by Sir Ar- 
thur Gorges, 1614, B. VIII. p. 354: 

** no Roman chieitaine (hould 

" Come near to Nyle's Pelufian mould, 
" But (hun ^^Xfimmer-fwelling fhore." 
The original is, ** -^ripafque aftate tumentes,** !• 829. May 
likewiie renders it fumnur-fiuelled banks. The fummer-fwelling 
flower is the flower which fwcUs in fummer, till it expands itfclf 
into bloom. Stkevens. 

* She is alone. "l She ftands by herfelf. There b none to be 
compared to her, Johnson. 

f^3 



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214 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Fjl. Ay, and we are betrothed $ 

Nay, more, our marriage hour. 
With all the cunning manner of our flight. 
Determined of: how I muft climb her window $ 
The ladder made of cords ; and all the means 
Plotted; and 'greed on, for my happinefs. 
Good Proteus, go with me to my chamber. 
In thefe affairs to aid me with thy counfeL 

Pro. Go on before; I fhall enquire you forth : 
I muft unto the road,^ to difembark 
Some necelfaries that I needs muft ufe ; 
And then Til prefently attend you. 

KtL. Will you make hafte? 

Pro. I will.— [£y// Vau 

Even as one heat another heat expels. 
Or as one nail by ftrength drives out another. 
So the remembrance of my former love 
Is by a newer objccft quite forgotten.* 
Is it mine eye, or Valentinus' praife,' 

7 *— — ri^ foadj The haven, where ihipi ride al anchor. 

Malohi. 

* E'vem as one teat auotber beat expels^ 

Or as one nail hyjtreugth drives out another. 
So the remembrance of my former love 
Is by a newer obied quite forffotten.] Onr author ieems here 
to have remembered ?%r TrazkallSj/hfypfRometu and Juliet^ i ^6% ; 
** And as out of a pUmke a na^le a w^le dttb drkfe, 
<'^ So stovel love oeU of the miade the auneknt kmt doA r#vr/' 
So alfoy in Corhlaims : 

<< One fire drives out one fire; oae Mailaaenafl/' 

Malonb^ 

• Is it mine eye, or FalentiiiM%* fraife^ The old copy reads— 

'• Is it mine or Valentin^'/ praife ?•* Stbbvbns. 
Here Proteus aueftions with himfelf, whether it is his own piaiiej^ 
or Valentine's, uiat makes him &11 in love with Valentine's miA 
trefs. But not to infift on the abfurdity of falling in love throijgh 
his own praifes, he had not indeed praifed her any fardier than nvini^ 
his opimon of her in thre^ words, when his friend alked it of hint 



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Oi? VERONA. ai5 

Her true pcrfc(5tiQp, or my falfe tranfgrcflion. 
That makes ipe, reafonlefs^ to reafon thus ? 
She's fair ; and fo is Julia, that I love ; — 
That I did love, for now my love is thaw'd; 
Which, like a waxen image *gain(l a fire,* 
Bears no imprqifion of the thmg it was* 
Miethlnks, my zeal to Valentine is cold ; 
And tliat I love him not, is I was wont : 
O ! but I love his lady too, too much $ 
Anfl that's the reafon I love him fo little. 
How ihall I dote oq her with more advice,' 



A word ii wanting in the firft folio. The line was originally 
thus: 

•* /i // mime lYE, or Valentino*s prai/ef** 
Ptoteus had jaft feen Valentine's miftrefs. whom her lover had 
been lavifhly praifing. His encomtams therefore heightening 
Proteos's ideas of her at the interview^ it was the leis wonder he 
(honld be nncertain which had made the ftrongeft impreffion» Va- 
lentine's praifeSf or his own view of her. WAaBuaroir. 

The firft (olio reads : 

•* It is mine or Valentine's praifc.'* 
The fccond : 

*' Is it mine theft or Valentin^ov'i praife V* Ri tso n. 

I ready as authorized, in a former inftance, by the old copy«-— 
ValentinjKr. See Ad 1. fc. iii. Stbevxns. 

4 ■ a waxen image 'jfoinfi^ a fire^ Alluding to the figures 
made "by witches, as repiefentatives of thofe whom they defigncd 
to torment or deftroy. See my note on Macbeth^ A6t I. fc. iii. 

Stbevbns. 

Kbg James afcribes thefe images to the devil, in his treatife ot 
Paemonolc^e: '' to feme others at thefe times he teacheth how 
to make pStures of wibce or claye« that by the roafting thereof 
the peifons that they bear the name of may be continually melted, 
tod dried away by continual ficknefle." See Servius on the 8th 
£clogue of Virgil, Theocritus Idyl. a. aa. Hudibras, p. a. L a. 
V. 331. S. W. 

' nvitb more advice,] Witb mare ai*uice^ is on further knoW" 

Uige^ 9H better conJuUratiom, So, in Titus Andronicm : 
•* The Gredu, upon advice, did bury Ajax." 

The word, as Mr. Malone obferves, is flill current among mer« 

P4 



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2t6 TWO GENTLEMEN 

That thus without advice begin to love her? 

'Tis but her pidture* I have yet beheld. 

And that hath dazzled my reafon*s light ; 

But when I look on her perfedions,* 

There is no reafon but I Ihall be blind. 

If I can check my erring love, I will ; 

If not, to compafs her Pll ufe my Ikill. [Exif. 

cantile people, whofe conftant language is> " wt9itad<vi/eJ by let- 
ters from abroad/' xneanine mfgrmed. So in bills of exchange the 
conclufion always is — ** Without further advice.** So in this very 

play : 

" This pride of hers, upon advice" &c. 
Again, in Meafurefor Meafure : 

*« Yet did repent me, after more advice," Stebtens. 

♦ *Tis hut herpidure ] This is evidently a flip of attention^ 

for he had feen her in the laft fcene« and in high terms oflfered her 
his fervice* Johnson. 

I believe Profeus means, that, as yet, he had feen only her 
outward form, without having known her long enough to have any 
acquaintance with her mind. 
So, in Cymheline : 

** AH of her, that is ouf of door, moft rich ! 
" If flie be fbmifh'd with a mind fo rare," &c. 
Again, in The Winter's Tale, AA II. fc. i : 

** Praife her but for this her ivitkout-door form." 
Perhaps Proteus, is mentally comparing his fete with that of 
Ih^rocles, the hero of Sidney's Arcadia, who fell in love with 
Philoclea immediately on feeing her portrait in the houie of Ka- 
lander. Steevens. 

5 And that hath dazzled «pr reafon s light \ 
But nvhen I look, 8ccA Our author ufes daxatleJ as a trifyllable* 
The editor of the fecond folio not perceiving this, intioduoed>i» 
(" And that hath dazzled>," &c.) a word as hurtful to the fenfe 
as unneceflary to the metre. The plain meaning is. Her men oat' 
fide has dazzled me ; — vjhen I am acquainfed <witb the fetfeSions of 
her mind, J Jhall he ftruck hMmi. Ma lone. 



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OF VERONA. 217 

S C E N E V. 

T^hefame. Aftreet. 

Enter Speep and^ Launce. 

Speed. Launce ! by mine honefty, welcome to 
Milan/ 

La UN. Forfwear not thyfelf, fweet youth; for I 
am not welcome. I reckon this always — that a 
man is never undone^ till he be hang'd ; nor never 
welcome to a place^ till fonie certain fhot be paid^ 
and the hoftefs fay, welcome. 

Speed. Come on, you mad-cap, I'll to the ale- 
houfe with you orcfcntly; where, for one Ihot of 
five pence, thou malt have five thoufand welcomes. 
But, firrah, how did thy mafter part with madam 
Julia? 

Laun. Marry, after they clofed in earneft, they 
parted very fairly in jeft. 

Speed. But fhall flie marry him ? 

Laun. No. 

Speed. How then? Shall he marry her? 

Laun. No, neither. 

Speed. What, are they broken? 

Laun. No, they are both as whole as a fifh. 

Speed. Why then, how ftands the matter with 
them ? 

Laun. Marry, thus; when it (lands well with 
him, it (lands well with her. 



* io Milan.] It Is Padua in the former editioas. Sec the 

note on K^ III, Fori. 



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2xS TWO G?N1f^.E|^EN 

Speed. What an afs art thou ? I underftand thee 
not. 

Laus. What a block art thou^ that thou canft 
not?* • 
My ftafTunderftands me.^ 

Speed. What thou fay'ft? 

Laun-. Ay^ and what I do too. : look thee^ 1% |iut 
lean, and my ftafF undcrftands nic. 

Speed. It fland^ under ijhi^ in(!(ee4- 

L4Vif. Why» Hand uoder ai^dunderllandis ^U oQe« 

Speed. But tell me true, will't be a match? 

Laun. Afk my dog: if he fay, ay, it will; if he 
fay, no, it will ; if he (hake hi& tail, and fay nothings 
it will. 

Speed. The conclufion is then, that it will. 

L4UN. Thou (halt nevcx; ^^t fuch a fecret from 
me, but by a parable. 

Speed. 'Tis well that } gcj it fo. B|«t, l^unce, 
how iay'ft thou, that my mailer is bfco(ne a hotal^Ic 
lover?* 

7 Jliy^a^anderftands Mf.] This equivocation, o^ef^^.^i^ is, 
faas been s^itfed by Miltop in hf$ gifat poem, B. VI : * 
•• — ^ — ^ The terms* we fent were terms of weight, 
" Such as, we may perceive, amax'd tbeqA a^, 
** And ftaggcf'd m|miy ;. who receives them eight, 
«< Had neST from helld to S>ot well MT^^y^iiff^; ' 
'« Not trnderfk^t this gift they have befidos, 
«• To fhcw U9 w^enoiirfoes' ^smd not upn^/' Johnson^ 
The fame quibble occurs likewife in the fccond part of The Three 
Merry Coblers^ an ancient ballad : 

«• Our work dpth th' Qwner? u^deifand^ 
** Thus ftill we are on the mending hand/' Stbevins. 
• bow/a/ft thett, that my mafter u become a notable lover ^ 

i. e. (as Mr. M. Mafon has dfewhere obferved) What fiiy'ft thoo to 
this circumfiance, — ^namdy, th^ iny maimer is l)ecoii^e a notable 
lover? Malone* 



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OF V]? RON A- V9 

Lauk. I neve^ lojew him otherwife. 
Speed. Than how ? 

Lj UN. A nouble lubber, a^s thou reported him to 
be. 
SpEMD.Why^ thou whorfon afs, thou millakeft me. 

jLf&jr. Why, fool» I m^ant not theci I meant thy 
mafter. 

Speed* I tell thee, my mafter is become a hot lover. 

Lauh. Why, I tell thee, I care not though he 
bum himfclf in love. If thou wilt go with me to the 
ale-houfe, fo ; • if not, thou art an Hebrew, a Jew, 
and not worth the name of a Chriftian. 

Speed. Why? 

Lavn. Becaufe thpu haft not (b much charity in 
thee, as to go to the ale * with a Chriftian : Wilt 
thou go? 

SpEBD. At thy fervicc. [Exeunt. 

• — fo;] &» wUch is wandng in the fiit Mo, ivaB foppEed 
by tbc editor of t^icpQCMl« Malonb, 

• tbe ale ] Ah were merry moetingi intitnttd ia 

counny places. Thus Ben Jonibn ; 

** And all the neighboarhood, from old records 
^ Of antique proverbs drawn from Whitfon lords, 
*' Andtheir authorities at wakes and oZf/, 
** With country pieppdents, and old wives' talcs^ 
«« We brinff vou now." 
Again, as Mr, M. Mafon obferves, in die play of Lord Cromwfll: 
" O Tom, that we were now at Putney, at the ale there !" 
See alfo Mr.T. Warton's Hiftory of Englilh Poetry, Vol. HI. 
^ ia8» Stbsvbns, 



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Tio two 6ENTLEMEN 

SCENE VL* 

^bejame. An Apartment in the Palace. 

Enter Proteus. 

Pro. To leave my Julia, (hall I be forfwom^; 
To love fair Silvia, (hall I be forfworn • 
To wjfong my friend, I Ihall be muth forfworn ; 
And even that power, which gave me firft my oath. 
Provokes me to this threefold perjury. 
Love bade me fwear, and love bids me forfwear : 

fweet-fuggefting love,* if thou haft finn'd. 
Teach me, thy tempted fubjed, to excufe it ! 
At firft I did adore a twinkling ftar. 

But now I worfhip a celeftial fun. 
Unheedful vows may heedfuUy be broken ; 
And he wants wit, that wants refolved will 
To learn' his wit to exchange the bad for better.— 
Fie, fie, unreverend tongue ! to call her bad, 
Whofc fovercignty fo oft thou haft preferred 
With twenty thoufand foul^-confirming oaths. 

1 cannot leave to love, and yet I do; 

But there I leave to love, where I flxould love. ' 
Julia I lofe, and Valentine I lofe : 

^ It is to be obferved, that; in th6 folio edition there are no 
diie^ons concerning the fcenes ; they have been added by the 
later editors, and may therefore be changed by any reader that can" 

f've more confiftency or regularity to the drama by fuch alterations, 
make this remark m this place, becaufe I know not whether the 
following foliloquy of Proteus is fo proper in the ftreet. Johnson. 

The reader will perceive that the fcenery has been changed, 
though Dr. Johnfon's obfervation is continued. Stbevens* 

^ 0/iMr^/-fuggcfting /w^,] To/uggeftnioiempt, in our author's 
language. So again : 

*♦ Knowing that tender youth b {oon fuggeftedJ^ 

The fenfe is, O tempting love« iftbw haft influenced me to fin, 
Uacb me to excufe iu J o H N so N. 



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O F V E R O N A. 221 

If I keep them, I needs muft lofe myfelf j 
If I lofc them, thus find I by their lofs. 
For Valentine, myfelf; for Julia, Silvia. 
I to myfelf am dearer than a friend; 
For love is ftill more precious in itfelf : 
And Silvia, witnefs heaven, that made her fair I 
Shews Julia but a fwarthy Ethiope. 
I will forget that Julia is alive, 
Rememb*ring that my love to her is dead; 
And Valentine PU hold an enemy. 
Aiming at Silvia as a fweeter friend. 
I cannot now prove conftant to myfelf. 
Without fome treachery us'd to Valentine : — 
This night, he meaneth with a corded ladder 
To climb celeftial Silvia's chamber-window ; 
Myfelf in counfel, his competitor : ^ 
Now prefently I'll give her father notice 
Of their difguifing, and pretended flight ; ^ 

^ ^^ in eoanfel^ his competitor :} Mjfelf^ 'who am bis competi- 
tor or riyal^ being admitted to his coanfel. Johivson. 

Competitor is confederate, affijiant^ partner. 
So, in Antony and Cleopatra : 

*< It is not CaBfar's natural vice, to hate , 
*• One ^eat competitor:" 
and be is fpeaking of Lepidus, one of the triamvirate. Ste£vens* 

Steevens is right in aflerting, that competitor, in this place> means 
confederate, or partner.-— -The word is ufed in the iame fenfe in 
Twel/tb Night, where the Clown feeing Maria and Sir Toby 
approach, who were joined in the plot againlt Malvolio, fays, 
*« The competitors enter.'* And again, in King Richard III. the 
meflcnger lays, 

<« —..The Guildfords are in arms, 

** And eveiy hour more competitors 

••^ Flock to the rebels." 
So alfo, in Love's Labour's Loft : 

" The king, and his competitors in oath.'* M. Mason. 
• — pretended /r^i&/;] Pretended flight is propofidoi intended 
flight. So, in Macbeth: 

" -— What good could they pretend f** 



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aw TWO GENTLEMEN 

Who« all enrag'd^ will baniih Valentine ; 

For Thurio, he intends^ fhall wed hid daughter: 

But, Valentine being gone» I'll quickly crofs. 

By fome fly trick, blunt Thurio's dull proceeding* 

Love, lend me wings to make my purpofe fwift. 

As thoo haft lent me wit to plot this drift ! * {ExiL 

SCENE VIL 

Verona. A Room in Julia's Haufe. 

Enter Julia aptd Lucbtta. 

Jul. Counfel, Lucetta; gentle girl, aflift me! 
And, even in kind love, I do conjure thee,— 
Who art the table wherein all my thoughts 
Are vifibly chara&er'd and engrav'd, — 
To leflbn me ; and tell me ibme sood mean. 
How, with my honour, I may undertake 
A journey to my loving Proteus. 

Luc. Alas ! the way is wearifome and long. 

yuL. A true-devoted pilgrim is not weary 
To meafure kii^doms with his feeble fteps ; 
Much lefs fhall ihe, that hath love's wings to fly ; 
And when the flight is made to one fo dear. 
Of fuch divine perfeAion, as fir Proteus. 

Luc. Better forbear, till Proteus make retom. 

Mr. M. Mafofi juftljr obfi^rves* that the verb fnunirt in Ftaidi^ 
hss die fame fignificatiMi. StU t rt ks. 

Agaiiiy in Dr. A.Borde't Iwtrodttahit of Knowledge, i j^z, ifig. H 5, 
y Ipretendto retam and come round about diorow bmer r^gyonf 
an Europ." Reed. 

7 tbsi drift ly I rtt^)eA that the author concluded the zEt with 

thb couplet, and that the next fcefle (hould begin 'the third ad; 
but the change, as it will add nothing to the pcobabilitjr ^f Ihfe 
aftion, i» of no gr ea i la ip tfia m ce. JoHKs6fr. 



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OF VERONA. ?ia3 

JiTL. 0> kilow'^ft thcni nbt, his looks are my foul's 
food? 
pity the dearth thjrt I have pined in. 
By longing for that food fo long a tiine. 
Didtt moil biit know the inly touch of love, 
Thoti would'ft as foon go kindle iire with fnow, 
As.feek to quench the fire of love with words. 

Liic. I do not feek to quench your love's hot fire ; 
But (qualify the fire's extreme rage. 
Left It fhould l)urn above the bounds of reafon. 

Jul. The more thou dam'ft it up, the more it 
burns ; 
The current, that with gentle murmur glides, 
Th6ukhbw'ft,beingftopp'd, intmtieritlydothVage ; 
But, when Kis fair courfe is not hindered. 
He inakes fweet mufick with the enamel'd ftones. 
Giving a gentle kifs to. every fedge 
He overtaketh in his pilgrimage ; 
And fb by many winding nooks he ftrays. 
With willing fport, to the wild ocean. 
Then let me go, and hinder not my courfe : 
rU be as patient as a gentle ftream. 
And ma^e a paltime of each weary ftep. 
Till the laft ftep have brought me to my love ; 
And there I'll reft, as, after much turmoil, 
A blefied foul doth in Elyfium. 

Lvc. But in what habit will you go along ? 

Jul. Not like a woman ; for I would prevent 
The loofe encounters of lafcivious men : 
Gentle Lucctta, fit me vrith Rich weeds 
As may befeem fome well-reputed page. 

Luc. Why then your ladyfliip muft cut ypur hain 

Jul. No, girl; I'll knit it up in filken firings. 
With twenty odd-conceited true-love knots : 
To be fantaftic may become a youth 
Of greater time than I ftiall fiiow to be. 

X 



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224 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Lvc. What faftiion, madam, fliall I make your 

breeches ? 
JvL. That fits as well, as— « tell me, good my 
lord, 
«' What compafs will you wear your farthingale ?*' 
Why, even that fafliion thou beft lik'ft, Lucetta. 
Lvc. You muft needs have them with a cod-piece, 

madam.' 
Jul. Out, out, Lucetta I^ that will be ill-favour'd. 
Luc. A round hofe, madam, now's not worth a 
pin, 
Unlefs you have a cod-piece to (lick pins on. 

Jul. Lucetta, as thou lov'ft me, let me have 
What thou think'ft meet, and is moft mannerly : 
But tell me, wench, how will the world repute me. 
For undertaking fo unftaid a journey ? 
I fear me, it will make me fcandaliz'd. 

Luc. If you think fo, then ftay at home, and go 
not. 

■ tvitb a cod-plece, ^r.] Whoever wiihes to be acquaiqted 

with this particalar, relative to drefs, may confult Bulwer's Arti- 
ficial Changelings in which fuch matters are very amply difcufied. 
It u mentioned, however, in Tyro's Roaring Megge, i J98 : 
*' Tyro's romid breeches have a cwt beBnd ; 
" And that fame perking longitude before, 
•• Which for 2i pin-cafe antique plowmen wore." 
Ocular inftradion may be had from the armour (hown as John 
of Gaunt's in the Tower of London. The fame fafhion appears to 
have been no lefs ofienfive in France. See Montai^e, Chap. XXIL 
The cuftom of flicking pins in this oftentations piece of indecency, 
was continued by the illiberal warders of the Tower, till forbiddea 
by authority. Stsbvbns. 

9 Out, out, Lucetta I &c.l Dr. Percy obferves, that this inter- 
jeMon is ftill ufed in the North. It feems to have the fame 
meaning as a/tff^, Lat. Stb&vbns. 

So, in E'very Man put of his Hnmonrp Afl II. fc. vi: 

*« Out, out I unworthy to fpeak where he breatheth." 

Reed. 



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OF VERONA. 225 

JvL. Nay, that I will not. 

Lvc. Then never dream on infamy, but go. 
If Proteus like your journey, when you come, 
•No matter who's difpleas'd, when you are gone : 
I ftar me, he will fcarce be pleas'd withal. 

JvL. That is the leaft, Lucetta, of my fear : 
A thoufand oaths, an ocean of his tears. 
And inftances as infinite* of love. 
Warrant me welcome to my Proteus. 

Lvc. All thefe are fervants to deceitful men. 

JvL. Bafc men, that ufe them to fo bafe efFed ! 
But truer ftars did govern Proteus* birth : 
His words are bonds, his oaths are oracles ; 
His love fincere, his thoughts immaculate ; 
His tears, pure meflengers fent from his heart ; 
His heart as far from fraud, as heaven from earth. 

Lvc. Pray heaven, he prove fo, when you come 
to him ! 

JvL. Now, as thou lov'ft me, do him not that 
wrong. 
To bear a hard opinion of his truth : 
Only deferve my love, by loving him ; 
And prefently go with me to my chamber. 
To take a note of what I ftand in need of^ 
To fiimifh me upon my longing journey.* 
All that is mine I leave at thy dilpofe, 

« ——as w/iriV^— ] Old edit. — ^infinite. Johnson. 

lie emendation was made by the editor of the fecond folio. 

Malone. 

' -7— ^ longingywrw^.l Dr. Grey obferves« that "longing is 
a participle active* with a pamve fignification ; for longed ^ wi(hed, 
or defirea. 

• Mr. M. Mafon fuppofes Julia to mean a jooniey which Ihe (hall 
f^fimh$^g. Stbitbns. 

Vol. III. Q^ 



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226 TWO GENTLEMEN 

My goods, my lands^ my reputatton ; 

Only, in lieu thereof, difpatch me hence : 

Come, anfwer not, but to it prefently ; 

I am impatient of my tarriance. [Exeuutm 



ACT III. SCENE L 
Milan. An Anti-^room m the Duke*s Pakct^ 

Enter I>uk«, THU*ro, and P&OTEt;?^ 

Duke. Sir Thurio, give us leave^ I pray, awhile; 
Wc have fome fecrets to confer about, - 

[ExitTnuKiQ. 
Now^ tell me^ Proteus, what's your will with me ? 

Pro. My-gracious lord, that which I would tiid 
cover. 
The law of friendfliip bids mc to conceal : 
But, when I call to mind your gracious favour$ 
Done to me, undeferving as I am. 
My duty pricks me on to utter that 
Which elle no worldly good (hould draw from mc. 
Know, worthy prince, fir Valentine, my friend. 
This night intends to Ileal away your daughter; 
Myfelf am one made privy to the plot. 
I know, you have determined to beftow her 
On Thurio, whom your gentle daughter hates ; 
And (hould fhe thus be ftoten away fixnn you» 
It would be much vexadon to your age. 
Thus, for my duty's fake, I rather chofe 
To crofs my friend in his intended drift. 
Than, by concealing it, heap on your head 
A pack of fi^rrowa, which would prefi yo^ dowHn 
Being unprevented» to your tim^efs grave. 



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OF VERONA. 227 

DVKE^ Proteus^ I thank thee for thine honeft cgre ; 
Which to requitey command xnc while I live* 
This love of theirs rayfelf have often feen. 
Haply, when they have judg'd me fall afleep ; 
And oftentimes have purposed to forbid 
Sir Valentine her xiamp^ny, an(i my court : 
But, fearing left my jealous aim* might err. 
And fo, unworthily, di(grace the man, 
(A r.afhiie& chat I ever yet have lhunn*d,) 
I gave him gentle looks ; thereby to find 
That which thyfelf imfl: now difclos'd to me. 
And, that thou may 'ft perceive my fear of this. 
Knowing that tender youth is foon fuggefted, 
I nightly lodge her in an upper tower. 
The key whereof myfelf have ever kept ; 
And thence fhe cannot be convey'd away. 

Pro, Know, noble lord, they have devis'd a mean 
How he her chamber-window will afcend^ 
And with a corded ladder fetch her down ; 
For which the youthful lover now is gone. 
And this way comes he with it prefently ; 
Where, if it j^eafe you, you may intercept him. 
But, good my lord, do it fo cunningly. 
That my difcovery be not aimed at^ ; 
For love of you, not hate unto my friend, 
.Hath made me publifher of this pretence.^ 

4 / fg&nf.akp* ] -^iit ^gf^h ui this inftance, ^ in the 
following. So, in Romeo and Juliet : 

•* I Mun'dfo near wdien I fuppos'd yon lov'd." ST£pyANf» 

^ -^«-&«0r«imodffr;] ^tuotgtuffed. Johkson. 

# .^.^^tftUs prctonoe.] Of this claim made to your dai^ghter. 

JouNsoir. 

Pretemce is difign. So, in JT. Lear: «« — to fed my aflfedtion to 
your honour, aiM no odier preteftce of danger." 

Agak, in the fiune pbry^ : << — fretence and pnrpofe of oakind- 
ncfi/' Stmvkns. 

(^2 



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228 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Duke. Upon mine honour, he (hall never know 
That I had any light from thee of this. . 

Pro. Adieu, my lord ; fir Valentine is cdming. 

iExit. 

Enter Valentine. 

Duke. Sir Valentine, whither away fo faft? 

Val. Pleafe it your grace there is a meffenger 
That flays to bear my letters to my friends. 
And I am going to deliver them. 

Duke. Be they of much import ? 

Val. The tenor of them doth but fignify 
My health, and happy being at your court. 

Duke. Nay, then no matter ; ftay with me a while ; 
I am to break with thee of fome affairs. 
That touch me near, wherein thou muft be fecret* 
•Tis not unknown to thee, that I have fought 
To match my friend, fir Thurio, to my daughter. 

Val.I know it well, my lord ; and, fure, the match 
Were rich and honourable ; befides, the gentleman 
. Is full of virtue, bounty, worth, and qualities 
Befeeming fuch a wife as your fair daughter : 
Cannot your grace win her to fancy him ? 

Duke. No, trufl me ; fhc is peevifh, fullen, froward. 
Proud, difobedient, flubborn, lacking duty; 
Neither regarding that fhe is my child. 
Nor fearing me as if 1 were her father : 
And, may I fay to thee, this pride of hers. 
Upon advice, hath drawn my love from her ; 
And, where ^ I thought the remnant of mine age 
Should have been cherifh'd by her child-like duty, 

* And^ where ] Where, in this inftance, has the power of 

twbereas. So, in Pericles, Aft I. fc. i : 

** Where now you're both a father and a fon«" Stbbvbns* 



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OF VERONA, 229 

I now am full refolv'd to take %, wife. 
And turn her out to who will take her in : 
Then let her beauty be her wedding-dower; 
For me and my pofleflions Ihe efteems not. 

F^AL. What would your grace have me to do in 
this? 

DuKB. There is a lady, fir, in Milan, here,' 
Whom I afFed ; but flie is nice, and coy. 
And nought efteems my aged eloquence : 
Now, therefore, would I have thee to my tutor, 
(For long agone I have forgot to court ; 
Befides, the fafliion of the time^ is chang'd;) 
How, and which way, I may beftow mylelf. 
To be regarded in her fun-bright eye. 

FjtL. Win her with gifts, if Ihe refped not words ; 
Dumb jewels often, in their filent kind. 
More than quick words, do move a woman's mind,* 

1 ^r, flv Milan» hen,} It ought to be thus, inftead of^Af 

Fero^a, here — ^for the fcene apparently is in Milan, as is clear from 
ieveral pafTages in the firft ad, and in the beginning of the firft 
fcene of the fourth ad. A like miibke has crept into the eighth 
fcene of Ad II. where Speed bids his fellow.fervant Launce wd* . 
come to Padua. Pope. 

• thefaJbkH of the time ] The modes of courtihip, the 

ads by which men recommended themfelves to ladies. Johnson. 
9 Wbi her 'with gifts ^ if fie refpeS not ivords ; 
Dumhjenueh oftetzy in their filent kind^ 

More than quick nvords, do mwe a 'woman's mind,} So, in our 
author's Faffionate Pilgrim : 

" Spare not to fpend, — 
" The ftrongeft caftle, tower, and town, 
«* The golden bullet beats it down." 
A line of this ibinza— 

'« The ftroneeft caftle, tower, and town^" 
;md two in a fucceeding ilanza, 

«• WKat though (he ftrive to try her ftrength, 

•* And ban and brawl, and fay thee nay," 

rembd us of the following vcrfcs in The Hiftorie of Graunde Amwre, 

0.3 



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2^0 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Duke, But fhe did fcorn a prcfent that I fcnt her.* 

Fj^l. a woman fometime fcorns what bcft con- 
tents her : 
Send her another ; never give her o'er ; 
For fcorn at firft makes after-love the more. 
If fhe do frown, 'tis not in hate of you. 
But rather to beget more love in you : 
If Ihe do chide, 'tis not to have yoii gone; 
For why, the fools are mad, if left albrte. 
Take no repulfe, whatever fhe doth fay ; 
For, get you gone, fhe doth not mean, away : 
Flatter, and praife, commend, extol theif graced ; 
Though ne'er fo black, fay, they have angels' faces. 
That man that hath a tongue, 1 fay, is no mart. 
If with his tohgue he cannot win a woman. 



[fign. I 2.] written by Stephen Mawes, near a century before thofe 
of Shakfpeare : 

** Forfakc her not, thomgh that/befaye nay \ 
•* A womaiis guife is evermore delay. 
** No caftell C2xi be of fo Kreat a ftrength, 
" If that there be a fare fiege to it layed, 
" It muft yeldc np, or eh be won at length, 
*' Though that 'to-fbre it hath bene long delayed ; 
** So continuance may you right well ayde ; 
** Some womans harte can not fo harded be, 
*' But bufy labour may make it agree." 
Another earlier writer than Shalcfpeare* foeakingof women, has 
alfo the fame unfavourable (and, I hope, untounded) fentiment : 
" 'Tis wifdom to give much ; a gift prevails, 
*' When deep perfuafive oratory tails." 

Marlowe's Her.o and Lbander. 
Malonb. 

% f^g^f J f^jjj^ jjgj. J Tq produce a more accurate rhime, we 

might read : 

'* that I sent. Sir:" 

Mr. M. Mafon obferves that the rhime, which was evidently 
here intended, requires that vrt ihould read — '^ what beft content 
her." The word luhat may imply thofe ivbicb, as well as that ivhrcL 

Steevens. 



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OF VERONA. 131 

Duke. Butfhelmeaii^ is promised by her friends 
Unto a ycMitbful gentleman of worth ; 
And kept feverely from refort of men^ 
That no man hath accefs by day to her. 

f^4i^ Why then I would refort to her by night. 

Duke. Ay^but the doors be lock'd^ and keys kept 
fafe. 
That no man hath recourfe to her by night. 

Fal. What lets,' but one may enter at her window ? 

Duke. Her chamber is aloft, far from the ground; 
A)k1 built fo fhelving, that one cannot climb it 
Without apparent hazard of his life. 

FjL. Why then, a ladder, quaintly made of cords^ 
To caft up, with a pair of anchoring hooks. 
Would fcrve to fcale another Hero's tower. 
So bold Leander would adventure it. 

Duke. Now, as thou art a gentleman of bloo4i 
Advife me where I may have fuch a ladder. 

FjiL. When would you ufc it? pray, fir, tell me 
that. 

Duke. This very night 5 for love is like a child. 
That longs for every thing that he can come by. 

FjL. By feven o' clock I'll get you fuch a ladder, 
Duke. But hark thee ; I will go to her alone ; 

How fliall I beft convey the ladder thither? 
Fal. It will be light, my lord, that you may bear it 

Under a cloak, that is of any length. 

2)e^jr£. Acloak as long as thine will ferve the turn ? 

F^l. Ay, my good lord. 

Duke. Then let me fee thy cloak 1 

' What lets,] i. c, what hinders. So, in Hamlet, Aft I. fc. iv : 
«< By heaven Til make a ghoft of him that lets me." 

STeSVENS, 

0.4 



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232 TWO GENTLEMEN 

I'll get mc one of fuch another length. 

f^AL. Why, any cloak will ferve the turn, my lord. 

Duke. How fhall I fafhion me to wear a cloak ?— 
I pray thee, let me feel thy cloak upon me. — 
What letter is this fame ? Whafs here ?— To Silvia ? 
And here an epgine fit for my proceeding ! 
I'll be fo bold to break the feal for once, [reads. 
My thoughts do harbour with my Silvia nightly ; 

Andjlaves they are to me^ that fend them flying: 
0, could their mafter come and go as lightly^ 

Himf elf would lodge ^ where fenfelefs they are lying. 
My herald thoughts in thy pure bofom reft them ;" 

JVhile I, their king^ that thither them impSrtune, 
Do curfe the grace that with fuch grace hath blefs*d them^ 

Becaufe myfelf do want my fervants* fortune : 
I curfe myfelf for they arefent by me^^ 
^hat theyfbould harbour where their lordfbould be. 
What's here? 

Silvia^ this night I will enfranchife thee: 
*Tis fo ; and here's the ladder for the purpofe.— 
Why, Phaeton, (for thou art Merops'fon,) * 
Wilt thou afpire to guide the heavenly car. 
And with thy daring folly burn the world ? 
Wilt thou reach liars, becaufe they fhine on thee? 
Go, bafe intruder ! over- weening (lave ! 

4 for they arefent hy me^ For is the fame 2Afir that, Jtnce. 

Johnson*. 

5 Merops* /on,)'] Thou art Phaeton b thy raflincfs, bat 

without his pretenfions ; thou art not the fon of a divinity, but a 
terr^e JUius, a low-bom wretch ; Merops is thy true father, with 
whom Phaeton was falfely reproached. Johnson. 

This fcrap of mythology Shakfpeare might have found in the 
fpurious play of if. John, 1531 : 

c« 33 fometime Phaeton 

«« Miftrufting filly Merops for his fire." 
Or in Robert Greene's Orlando Furiofo^ 1594* 

•' Why, foolilh, hardy, daring, fimple groom, 

" Follower of fond conceited Phaeton,^' &c, Stb evens. 



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O.F VERONA. 233. 

Beflow thy fawning fmiles on equal mates ; 
And think, my patience, more than thy defcrt. 
Is privilege for thy departure hence : 
Thank me for this, more than for all the favours. 
Which, all too much, I have beftow'd on thee. 
But if thou linger in my territories. 
Longer than fwifteft expedition 
Will give thee time to leave our royal court. 
By heaven, my wrath Ihall far exceed the love 
I ever bore my daughter, or thyfelf. 
Be gone, I will not hear thy vain excufe. 
But, as^thou lov'ft thy life, make fpeed from hence. 

[Exii Duke. 

VjfL. And why not death, rather than living tor-i 
ment ? 
To die, is to be banifh'd from myfelf ; 
And Silvia is myfelf: banifh'd from her. 
Is felf from felf ; a deadly banifhment ! 
What light is light, if Silvia be not feen ? 
What joy is joy, if Silvia be not by ? 
Unlefs it be, to think that fhe is by. 
And feed upon the fhadow of perfedlion.^ 
Except I be by Silvia in the night. 
There is no mufick in the nightingale ; 
Unlefs I look on Silvia in the day. 
There is no day for me to look upon : 
She is my effence ; and I leave to be. 
If I be not by her fair influence 
Fofter'd, illumin'd, cherifli'd, kept alive. 
I fly not death, to fly his deadly doom : ^ 



* j^fuifeed upon thejhadonv of perftSion.'] 

Animum piAura pa/cit inani. Virg. Henley. 
7 Iflj not death, to fly his deadly doom :] ^0 fly bis doom, ufed 
for bjflyi/tgt or in flyings is a gallicifm. The fenfc is. By aYoid* 



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234 TWO GtNTLEMEN 

Tarry I here, I but attend on death ; 
But, fly I hence, I fly away from life* 

Enter Proteus and Launce. 

Pro. Run, boy, run, run, and fcek him out. 
Ljun. So-ho! (b-ho! 
Pro. What feeft thou? 
LjiUN. Him we go to find : there's not a hair* 
dn's head, but *tis a Valentine, 
Pro. Valentine? 

r^L. No. 

Pro. Who then? his fpirit? 

Fjl. Neither. 

Pro. What then ? 

Fal. Nothing. 

Ljun. Can nothing fpcak? mafter, fhalllftrike? 

Pro. Whom' would'ft thou ftrike? 

La UN. Nothing. 

Pro. Villain, forbear. 

La UN. Why, fir, I'll fl:rike nothing : I pray you,-*- 

Pro. Sirrah, liay, fdrbear: Friend Valentine, a 
word. 

Fal. My ears are ftopp'd, and cannot hear good 
news, 

ing the execution of his ientence I fhall QOt efcape death. If t 
ftay here, I fuffcr myfelf to be dcftroycd ; if I go away, I deftroy 
myfelf. Johnson. 

* there's mi a hair ] liittnce isftill quibbling* He b 

now running down the hare that he darted when he entered. 

Malonb, 
' 9 Whom --«*-] Old copy-— fPZtf* ContAed in the lecond folio. 

Maloki. 



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OF VERONA. 135 

So much of bad ailreadyhath poflTef^'d them. 

Pro. Then in dumb filence will I bury mine. 
For they arc harfh, untuneable, and bad. 

Fal. Is Silvia dead ? 

Pro, No, Valentine. 

V4L. No Valentine, indeed, for facred Silvia! — 
Hath fhe forfworn me ? 

Pro. No, Valentine. 

Val. No Valentine, if Silvia have forfworn me !— 
What is your news ? 

Lavn. Sir, there's a proclamation that you are 

vanifli'd. 
Pro. That thou art banilhed, O, that's the news ; 
From hence, from Silvia, and from me thy friend. 

Fal. O, I have fed upon this woe already. 
And now excefs of it will make me furfeit. 
IX)th Silvia know that I am banilhed ? 

Pro. Ay, ay; and (he hath ofFer'd to the doomj 
(Which, unrevers'd, Hands in efFedhzal force,) 
A fea of melting pearl, which fome call tears : 
Thofe at her father's churlifh feet fhe tendered ; 
With them^ upon her knees, her humble felf ; 
Wringing her hands, whofe whitenefs fo became 

them. 
As if but now they waxed pale for woe : 
But neither bended knees, pure hands held up. 
Sad fighs, deep groans, nor filver-fhedding tears. 
Could penetrate her uncompafllonate fire ; 
But Valentine, if he be ta'en, mull die. 
Befides, her interceflion chaf'd him fo. 
When fhe for thy repeal was fuppliant. 
That to clofe prifon he commanded her, 
.With many bitter threats of *biding there. 

Val. No more; unlefs the next word, that thou 
fpeak'fl. 



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236 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Have feme malignant power upon my life : 
If fo, I pray thee^ breathe it in mine ear. 
As ending anthem of my endlefs dolour. 

Pr o. Ceafe to lament for that thou canft not help. 
And ftudy help for that which thou lament*il. 
Time is the nurfe and breeder of all good. 
Here if thou ftay, thou can'ft not fee thy love; 
Befides, thy (laying will abridge thy life. 
Hope is a lover's ftafF; walk hence with that. 
And manage it againil defpairing thoughts. 
Thy letters may be here, though thou art hence ; 
Which, being writ to me, fliall be delivered 
Even in the milk-white bofom of thy love.* 
The time now ferves not to expolhilate : 
Come, rU convey thee through the city gate; 
And, ere I part with thee, confer at large 
Of all that may concern thy love-affairs : 

* E^ven in the milk-white bofom of thy love.] So» in Hamlet: 

'• Thcfe to her excellent white ho/am!* &c. 
Again, in Gafcoigne's Adntentures ofMafter F» L firft edit. p. 206 : 
«< — at deliuerie therof, [i. e. of a letter] (he underftode not for 
what caufc he throft the fame into her hofome** • 

Trifling as the remark may appear, before the meanin|; of this 
addrtfs of Utters to the bofom of a mi^refs can be underftood, it ihonld 
Yk, known that women anciently had a pocket in the fore part of 
their ftays« in which they not only carried love-letters and love 
tokens, but even their money and materials for needle work. In 
many parts of England the ruftic damfels dill obferve the fame prac* 
tice ; and a very old lady informs me that (he remembers when it 
was the fafhion to wear prominent days, it was no lefs the cuftoni 
for ftratagem or gallantr}' to drop its literary favours within tb^ 
front of them, ote e v e n s. 

See Lord Surrey's Sonnets, 1557 : 

" My fong, thou fhalt attain to find the pleafant place, 
" Where fhe doth live, by whom I live ; may chance to 

have the grace, 
** When (he hath read, and feen the gri^f wherein I fervcj, 
•« Betnveen her brefts fhe Jball thee fut, there Jhall Jhe tl^ 
referve.*' Malone* 



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OF VERONA. 1237 

As thdu lov'ft Silvia, though not for thyfelf. 
Regard thy clanger, and along with me. 

Val. I pray thee, Launce,an if thou feeft my boy. 
Bid him make haile,and meet me at the north-gate. 

Pro. Go, firrah, find him out. Come, Valentine. 

Val. O my dear Silvia ! haplefs Valentine ! 

[Exeunt Valentine and Proteus. 

La UN. I am but a fool, look you ; and yet I have 
the wit to think, my mailer is a kind of a kiuve : 
but that's all one, if he be but one knave.' He 

> Laon* / am but a fool, looi jou; and ytt I have tie tvit to 
thinks my maftet is a kind of knave : hut tbat*s all one, if he be bkt 
cue KNAVs.J Where is the fenfe? or, if you won't allow the 
f^eaker that, where b the humour of this fpeech ? Nothing had 

Sven the fool occafion to fufped that his mafter was become dou- 
e, like Antipholis in The Comedy of Errors. The laft word is 
corrupt. We (hould read : 

«« if he be but one kind." 

He thought his mafler was a kind ofitnaFve ; however, he keeps 
himielf in countenance with this refledion, that if he was a knave 
hut of one kind, he might pafs well enough amongft his neighbours. 
TTiis is truly humourous. W a r b u r to n. 

This alteration is acute and fpecious, yet I know not whether, in 
Shakfpeare's language, one knave may not fignify a knave on only one 
occafion, a fingle knave. We ftill uie a dntbU villain for a villain 
beyond the common rate of guilt. J oh nso n. 

Hiis paifage has been altered, with little dificrence, by Dr. 
Warburton and fir Tbo. Hanmer, — Mr. Ednvards explains it, — <' if 
he only be a knave, if / m^felf be not found to be another.*' I 
agree with Dr. Johnjon, and will fupport the old reading and his 
interpretation with indifputable authority. In the i^ld-play of 
Damon and Pythias, Ariftippus declares of Carifopbus, *' you loie 
money by him if you fell him for one knave, for he ferves for 
tivayne," 

lliis phrafeology is often met with : Arragm fays in the Mer^ 
Aatn of Venice : 

" With one fool's head I came to woo, 

** But I go away with two." 
Dome begins one of his fonnets : 

'* I am t*wo fools, I know, 

** For Iffving and iot faying fi," &c. 



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23i TWO GENTJLEMEN 

lives not iK)w, that knows me to be in lovet yet J 
am in love ; but a team of horfe ihail not pluck ** 
that from me^ nor who *tis I love, and yet *tis a 
woman : but what woman, I will BOt tell myfelf j 
and yet *tis a milk-maid : yet 'tis not a maid, for 
fhe hath had goflips : ' yet 'tis a maid, for flie is 
her matter's maid, and ferves for wages. She hath 
more qualities thana water-fpanicl, — which is much 
in a bare chriftian.* Here is the cat-log {^Pulling 
mt a paper] of her conditions.^ Imprimis, She am 
fetch and carry. Why, a horfe can do no mozie^ 
nay, a horfe cannot fetch, but only carry ; there- 
fore, is ihe better than a jade. Item, She can mHk\ 
look you, a fweet virtue in a maid with clean 
hands. 



And when fanurge cheats St. Nicholas of the chapd, which he 
TOWed to him in a ftorm^ Rabelais calls him '' a rogue — a rogite 
mnd an balf-^Le gallant, gallant Je demy.** Farmer. 

Again, in L^ <wiUto LAe, fuotb the Defvil to the Collier^ 1^7 1 
** Thus thou may'ft be called a knave in graine;^ 
*' And where knaves be fcant, thou may'ft go for twayrnJ* 

Stbevzns. 

4 a team of horfe Jhall not fluck ] I fee how Valentii^ 

fufiers for tdling his love-fecrets, therefore I will keep mine clofe. 

JOHNSOK. 

Perhaps Lannce was not intended to (hew fo madh fenfe; but 
here indulges himfelf in tidking -centradidioiy nonfenfe. 

S for fie hath had goffips:] Goffips not only iignify thofe 

who anfwer ibr a -child inibaptifm, but the tauHng women wlit> 
attend lyings-in. The 'iquibble 'beti^iten thde is evident. 

^ ^ffbare chriflien.'X Lmmce^ quibb^g en. Bare has two 

fenfes ; mer^ and naked. In Coriolantu it is ufed in the firft : 
" 'Tis but a hare petition &f the ftatc/' 
Launce ufes it in both, and oppofes the naked female >to ^^he 
water-fpaniel covered njoith -hairs of remarkable thiekoffs. Stebvbns. 
7 — her conditions.] i. e. qualities. Tlie dld-coj^y luu omditiw. 
Corrected by Mr. Rowe. ma lone. 
X 



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OF VERONA, ts9 

Enter Speed. 

Speed. How now^ fignior Launce ? what news 
with your mafterfhip ? 

La UN. With my mailer's Ihip ? • why^ it is at fea. 

«yp££D. Well, your old vice ftill ; miftake the word : 
What news then in your paper ? 

Laun. The blackcft news that ever thou heard*ft. 

Speed. Why, man, how black ? 

La UN. Why, as black as ink. 

Speed. Let me read them. 

Laun. Fieonthee,jolt-head; thoucan'ftnotread. 

Speed. Thou lieft, I can. 

Laun. I will try thee : Tell me this : Who begot 
thee? 

Sfmbd. Marry, the fon of my grandfather. 

Laun. O illiterate loiterer 1 it was the fon of thy 
grandmother : ^ this proves, that thou canil not read. 

Speed. Come, fool, come : try me in thy paper. 

Laun. There; and faintNichoIasbethyfpcedl* 

• With my inafUr*sJ!npf^ In fonncr editions it is,— - 
** With my maftenhip ? mihy, it is at fea" 

For how does Laance minake the word ? Speed afks him abont 
hit mafterfhip, and he replies to it literatim. Bat tivsn how was his 
iMAerlhip «t fea, and on ihore too ? The addition of a letter and 
a BOteof apoftrophe, makes Laance bodi miftake the word, and ieta 
^ pan light : it reftoies, indeed, hut a mean joke; hut, withonc 
k, then is no fenfe in the fiiifiaee. Befidei, it isin clnra^kr with 
the reft of the fcene ; and, I cuure be confident* the poet'a own 
conceit* Tbkobald. 

9 thefott of thy grandmother:] it is tindonbtedly true that 

the mother onlv knows the legitimacy of the child. I fuppoie 
iiMDiAr infers, that if he coold read, he muft have read this well 
known obferratian. Stes vs n«. 

« ..^.-^ftint Nicholas it ihyfpni!'\ St. Niohoks prefrded over 
faholaM, who were therefore called h. Nicholases cUrks. Hence, 



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240 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Speed. Imprimis, She can milk. 

Laun. Ay, that fhe can.' 

Speed. Item, She brews good ale. 

Laun. And therefore comes the proverb, — BlelK. 
ing o* your heart,* you brew good ale. 

Speed. Item, She can few. 
Laun. That's as much as to fay. Can fhe fo ? 
Speed. Item, She can knit. 
Laun. What need a man care for a ftock with a 
wench, when (he can knit him a ftock.* 

Speed. Item, She can wajb andfcour. 

by a qnibble between Nicholas and Old Nick, highwaymen, in 
The Firfi Fart of Henry the Fourth, are called Nicholas' t clerks. 

Warburtoh. 
That this faint prefided over voung fcholars, may be gathered 
from Knight's Life of Dean Colet, p. 362. for by the ftatutes of 
Paul's fcbool there inferted, the cnildren are required to attend 
divine fcrvice at the cathedral on his annivcrfary. The reafon I 
take to be, that the legend of this faint makes him to have been a 
bifhop, while he was a boy. Sir J. Hawkins. 

, So Puttenham, in his ^rf ofFoetty, 1589 : *« Mcthinks this fU- 
low fpeaks like bifliop Nicnolas; for on Saint Nicholas's night 
commonly the fcholars of the country make them a bifhop, who» 
like a fbolifh boy, goeth about blefling and preaching with fuch 
childiih terms, as maketh the people laugh at his foolifh counter- 

,fdit fpeechcs." Steevbns. 

2 Speed. Imprimis, Jbe can milk. 
Lstun. Ay, that fie canJ] Thefe two fpeeches (hould evidently 
be omitted. 'There is not only no attempt at humour in them, 
contrary to all the reft in the fame dialogue, but Launce clearly 
diredh Speed to go on with the paper i^ere he himfelf left off. 
See his preceding foliloquy. Farm er. 

4 Bleffing o*your heart, &c.] So, in Ben Jonfon's Mafqsu of Augurs : 
" Our ale's o' the bcft, 
** And each good gueft 

** Frays for their fouls that brew it." Stbbvbns. 

* knit him a ftock J i. t^ftockiuf. So, in Ttvelftb Night: 

'* ——it does indifferent well in a flamc-colour'dyfofi." 

Stbbvbks. 



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OF VERONA. 241 

' Lauh. a fpecial virtue ; for then Ihc need not be 
waflied and fcoured. 

Speed. Item, Sbecanfpin. 

La UN. Then may I fet the world on wheels, when 
(he can fpin for her living. 

Speed* Item, She bath many namelefs virtues. 

Laun. That's as much as to fay, baflard virtues ; 
that, indeed, know not their fathers, and therefore 
have no names. 

Speed. Here follow her vices. 

Laun. Clofc at the heels of her virtues. 

Speed. Item, She is not to be kijfed fajling^ in re^ 
fpeSl of her breath. 

Laun. Well, that fault may be mended with a 
breakfaft : Read on. 

Speed. Item, She bath afweet moutb? 
Laun. That makes amends for her four breath* 
SpEED» Item, Sbe dotb talk in berfleep. 
Laun. Ifs no matter for that, fo ftie deep not in 
her talk. 

Speed. Item, Sbe isjhw in words. 

6 ^ is not to be ki&d fafliHg^ The old copy reads,— ^# 

is not to hefaftingj &c. The necdfary word^ kijfei^ was firft added 
by Mr. Rowe* Stbevbns. 

' f weet monthJ] This I take to be the fame with what ia 

now vnlgariy called si/weet tooth, a luxurious defire of dainties and 
fWeetmeats. Johnson, 

So, in Thomas Paynell's tranflation of Ulrich Hutten's Book 
De medicina Gvaiaci ^ Morho Gallico, 153^: " — dclycates and 
deynties» wherewith they may ftere up ihtii f'weete mouthes and 
prouoke thcyr appetites." 

Yet how a inxurious defire of dainties e^n make amends for 

affestfrve breath, I know not. A /tweet mouth may, however, mean 

a lipmrijb month, in a wanton fenfe. So, in Meafurefor Meafure : 

" Their hucy /weetne/s that do coin heaycn's image," &c. 

Stbevsns* 

You III. R 



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44t TWO GENTLEMEN 

' Lavn. O villain^ that fet this down amon^ h^r 
vices ! To be flow in words^ is a woman's ovlj virtue : 
I pray thee, out with'tj and place it for her chief 
virtue. • 

SpEEDp Item, She is proud. 

Laus. Out with that too ; it was Eve's legacy, 
and cannot be ta'en from her. 

Speed. Item> She baib m teeib. 

La UN. I care not for that neither^ becaufe I love 
crufts. 

Speed. Item^ She is curft. 

La UN. Well ; the bed is, fhe hath no teeth to bite. 

Speed. Item, She will often praife ber tiqmr.* 

' Laun. If her liquor be good, Ihe (hall : if (he 
will not, I will ; for good things (hould be prai(ed. 

Speed. Item, Sbe is too literal.'^ 

Laun. Of her tongue (he cannot i for that's writ 
down (he is flow of: of her purfe (he (hall not s 
for that rU keep (hut: now of another thing (he 
may ; and that I cannot help. Well, proceed. 

Speed. Item> Sbe baib more bair tban wit, and 
more faults tbah bairs^ and more wealtb iban faults'. 



• ^"'^praifi her liquor. 1 That is, Ihew how wdl flic likes it bf 
drinking often. Johnson* 

^ — — She it toQ liberaL] Liberal, is licentious and gxoft in ha* 
guage, So» in Othello: ** Is he not a profiuie and veiy IsienJ 
<;punfellor?" Johnson. 

Again, in The Fair Maid of Briflow, 1 605, bL I: 
«♦ But Vallcngcr, moft like a liberal villain, 
^' Did give her fcandalous ignoble tenns.*' 
Mr. Malone adds anodber inftance from IVman's a Wesiierfci, 
by N. Field, 161 2: 

•* Next that the fame 
*' Ofyoornegloft, and /ii^r«/ talking tongue, 
•* Which breeds my honour an eternal wrong." Stbivi^s* 



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OF VERONA. 343 

Ljun» Stop there ; I'll have her : flie was mine, 
and not mine, twice or thrice in that laft article : 
Rehearfe that once more. 

Speed. Item, She bath more hair than mit^ — 
Ljun^ More hair than wit, — ^it may be ; I'll prove 
it : The cover of the fait hides the fait, and there^ 
fore it is more than th^ fait : the hair, that covers 
the wit, is more than the wit ; for the greater hides 
thelefs* What's next? 

SpBSP. — 4n(l more faults than hairs, — 

X^ VN. That's monlirous : O, th^t that were out 1 

. SpbeP* -w^And marf tpeaitb than faults. 
La UN. Wh7,that word makes the faults gracious : ^ 

Well, ru have her : And if it be a match, as nothing 

is impoifible, — 

* —— ^i&f hatb moie hair ^han wtt^] An old Engliih proverb. 
See Ray's CoUeaion : 

** Bufh nataraly more hair than nvit.** 
Again, iu Dscitr^s SMirtmqfiix : 

" Hair/ 'tis the bafcft ftubblc ; in fcom of it 
«« This proverb fpning, — He hat more hair than wit.*' 
Again, in Rboaon and Iris, 163 1 : 

** Now is the old proverb really perfbrm'd ; 
<« JUWv haiP tifOM 'Wit*** StSETBNS. 
J ,^„^^ makes the faults gracious:] Grachm, in old language, 
taasm gracefyl. $0, in JT. Joint: 

** There was not fiich SLJp^^ciotfs creatutc bom," 
Agattt, in Albks^s Trinmfh, i6$ii 

« On which {ibefinexi) wftvc feftoom of feveral fmits in i|i^ 
natural colours^ on whi<A 10 gradom pofttu^ lay du}4ocn floepbg." 
Again, in 7%r Mal-cpstfesu, 1604 : 

'« The moft exquifite, Hee. tint evtc aade an M lady graaous 
by tordir^fat.'' Srii^tivs*. . 

Mr. Steevens's interpretation of the word gradetu has been 
controverted, bnt it is rigfit. We have the fiune fentiment in 
fli Merry WiwsrfWinifir: 

•* O, what a world of vile ill.&vour'dySM*/ 
<« \j»\ilMntifimiVitbroibmdndw»^ 

MaXiOitu 

R2 



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344 "J" WO GENTLEMAN 

Speed. What then ? 

La UK. Why, th^n will I tell thcc,—- that fhjr 
mafter ftays for thee at the north gate. 

Speed. For me ? 

Laun. For thee ? ay ; who art thou ? he hath ftaid 
for a better man than thee. 

Speed. And muft I go to hirti ? 

La UN. Thou muft run to him, for thdU haft fluid 
fo long, that going will fcarce ferve the turn. 

Speed. Why didft not tell me fooner ? 'pox of 
your love-letters ! [£*•//. 

La UN. Now will he be fwing'd for reading niy 
letter : An unmannerly flave, that will thruft nim« 
fclf into fecrets ! — PlI after, to rejoice in the boy'i 
corredlion. [jEflf//, 

SCENE II. 
Tbe/amcs A Room in the Duke's Paiace. 

Enter DuKZ and Thv MO; Frot£us behind. 
Duke. Sir Thurio, fear not, but that ftie will love 

Now Valentine is banifli'd from her light. 

J'hu. Since his exile ftie hath defpis'd me moft^ 
Forfworn my company, and rail'd at me. 
That I am defperate of obtaining her. 

Duke. This weak imprefs of love is as a figure 
Trenched in ice j * which with an hour's heat 

4 Trenched in ice\\ Cut, canred in ice, Trancber^xo cnt^ 
French. Johksoh. 

SOf Ssi Aritu of Feoerfbam^ 1 592: 

« Ib deeply irembtd in my Uuflung brow." Stistiks. 



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OF VERONA. 245 

Dilfolves to vi^zttr, and doth lofe.his form. 
A little time will melt her frozen thoughts^ 
And worthlefs Valentine Ihall be forgot. — 
How now, fir Proteus ? Is your countryman^ 
According to our proclamation, gone ? 
Fro. Gone, my good lord. 
Dujf^Ep My daughter t^kes his going grievoufly.' 
Pmo^ A little time, my lord, will kill that grief. 

Duke. So I believe ; but Thurio thinks not fo. — 
Proteus, the good conceit I hold of thee, 
(For thou haft fhown fome fign of good defert,) 
Makes me the better to confer with thee. 

Pro. Longer than I prove loyal to your grace. 
Let me not live to look upon your grace. 

Duke. Thou know'ft, how willingly I would effedl 
The match between fir Thurio and iny daughter. 
Pro. I do, my lord. 

Duke. And alfo, I think, thou art not ignorant 
How ihc oppofes her againft my will. 

Pro. She did, my lord, when Valentine was here. 

Duke, Ay, j^nd perverfcly flieperfcvers fo. 
What might we do, to make the girl forget 
The love of Valentine, and love m Thurio ? 

Pro. The befl: way is, to flander Valentine 
With falihood, cowardice, and poor defcent ; 
Three things that women highly hold in hate, 

Duke. Ay, but fiie^Il think, that it is fpoke in hate. 

Pro. Ay, if his enemy deliver it; 



■ * ■ ■ F^^voujfy^] So fome copies of the firft folio ; others hare, 
heavily. The word therefore muft have been corrcftcd, while the 
(heet was working off at the prefs. The word laft, p. 243, 1. 2. 
was inferted in fome copies in the fame manner. Malon$. 



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246 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Therefore it muft, whh circumfUnce^^ be fpokeii 
By one^ whom fbe elleemeth bs his friend. 

Duke. Th^ft you muft und^rtakt to Hinder him. 

Pro. And that^ my lord, I fhall be loth to do: 
'Tis an ill office for a gentleman ; 
Efpecially, againft his very frieiiid.* 

DuKi. Where your good word cannot advantage 
him. 
Your (lander never can endamage him; 
Therefore the office is indifferent^ 
Being entreated to it by your friend. 

Pro. You have prevail 'd, my lord : if I can dd it» 
By aught that I can fpeak in his difpraife. 
She (hall not long continue love to him. 
But fay, this weed her love from Valentine, 
It follows not that (he will love (ir Thurio. 

Thi/. Therefore as you unwind her love' from him. 
Left it (hould ravel, and be good to none. 
You muft provide to bottom it on me : 
Which muft be done, by praifing me as much 
As you in worth difpraife (ir Valentine. 

Duke. And, Piroteus, we dare truft y6a in this 
kind; 

7 vffih clrcum/iatiee,j With the additibii of fuch incidmtal 

particulars as may induce belief. Johitson. 

• his yftVY friemtL] Very is immediate. So, in Macbeth z 

** And the 'very ports they blow.'* Stsevsns. 

• asytm. tmwmiiier infe*-^»^] As you wind off her teirc 

from him« make mc the h^tt&m on which yoa wind ic The 
houicwife's term for a ball of thread wound upon a central body, 
is a holtom of thread. Joh nsok. 

So, in Grange's Gardex, 1577* ** in anfwer to a letter written 
unto him bv a CurQrzan :" 

<* A hoitome for your fillce it (eems 

•' My letters are become, 
** Which oft with windine off and on 
<< Are wailed whole and fome*'* Stebvbns« 



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OF VERONA. 247 

Becaufe we know, on VfilefitiiK*s report^ 
You are already love's firm votar/. 
And cannot foon revolt and change your mind. 
Upon this warrant (hall you have accefs^ 
Where you with Silvia may confer at large; 
For (he is iumpilh> heavy^ melancholy^ 
And, for your friend's fake, will be glad of you 5 
Where you may temper her/ by your perfuafion. 
To hate young Valentine, and love niy friend. 
Pro. As much as I can do, I will efFeft : — 
But you, fir Thurio, are not (harp enough ; 
You muft lay lime,' to tangle her defircs, 
Bv wailful fonnets, whofc compofed rhimes 
Should be full fraught with (erviceable vows, 
Z)j/irjg. Ay,much the force of heaven-bred pocfy.^ 
Pro. Say, that upon the altar of her beauty 
You facrifice your tears, your lighs, your h^rt : 
Write, till your ink be dry ; and with your tears 
Moift it again ; and frame fome feeling line. 
That may difcover fuch integrity : * — 
For Orpneus' lute was (Irung with poets' itncws ;^ 

* ^^^-^ym ffi^ temper her^ Mould her, like wax, to what* 
ever Ihape yo« pleafe. So, in King Henry IK P. II : *« I have 
him already temptrmg l)etwecn my finger and my tlium.b; and 
Ihortly will I feal with him." Ma lon e. 

I .._i./(/0r«] That is* UrdUm. jokn^on. 

4 Ay^ macS ihifirce rfheanfem^-h^foifyv^ The old copy sead^-^ 

'* Jy, much i»," &C RlT«o*. 

5 fuch integrity ;] Svch integrity may mean fiich ardcmr and 

iincerity as would be manifefted by pra£lifing the dtred^ions given 
in the four preceding lines, St e e v e n s. 

I fufpeft that a line fdllowing this has been loft ; the import of 
which perhaps was — 

" As her obdurate heart may penetrate." Ma low b. 

* For Orfbeus'hxtt was ftrung <with poets' finews ;] This fhews 
Shakfpeare's knowledge of antiquity. He here affigns Orpheus his 
true chamftcT of Icgiflator. For under that of a pcet only, or 

R4 



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248 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Whofe golden touch could foften ftcci and ftoncs^ 
Make tigers tame^ and huge leviathans 
Forfake unfounded deeps to dance on fands. 
After your dire-lamenting elegies, 
Vifit by night your lady's chamber-window 
With fome fweet concert : ' to their inftrUments 
Tune a deploring dump ; • the night's dead filcncc 
Will well become fuch fweet complaining griev- 
ance. 

lover^ the quali^ given to his lute is unintelligible. Bat, con* 
£dered as a lawgiver, the thoaehc is noble, and the imagery exqui- 
fitdy beautiful. For by his ui/e, is to be underftood his j^em of 
laws ; and by the poets* finews, the power of numbers, which 
Ondieos aduflilly employed in dioie laws to make them received by 
a fierce and barbarous people. Warb ukton. 

Proteus is defcribing to Thurio the powers of poetry ; and gives 
no quality to the lute of Orpheus, but thofe ufually and vulgarly 
afcnbed to it. It would be ftran^ indeed if, in order to prevail 
upon the ienorant and ftupid Thuno to write a fonnet to his mif- 
trefs, he mould enlarge upon the legiflative powers of Orpheus, 
which were nothing to the purpofe. Warburton's obfervations 
frequently tend to prove Shakfpeare more profound and learned 
than the occafion required, and to make the Poet of Nature the 
moft unnatural that ever wrote. M. Mason. 

7 '-"■^loitb Jmi fnjueet concert:] The old copy has comfort ^ 
which I once thought might have meant in our author's time a 
. band or company ofmuficians. So, in Romeo and Juliet: 
«« Tyb. Mercutio, thou confort'ft with Romeo. 
** Mer. Confort! what, doft thou make us minftrels?*^ 
The fubfequent words, " To their mfirumetas — ," feem to favour 
this interpretation ; but other inftances, that I have fince met with, 
in books of our author's age, have convinced me that cmtfirt was 
only the old fpdling of concert^ and I have accordingly printed the 
latter word in the text. The epithet f<weet annexed to it, feemt 
better adapted to the mu£ck itfelf than to the band. Confort, 
when accented on the firft fyllable, (as here) had, I believe, the 
former meaning; when on the iccond, it figmfied a company. So, 
in the next fcene : 

«* What fay 'ft thou ? Wilt thou be of our confirtr* 

Malonb. 

* Tvne a deploring dump \\ A dump was the ancient term for a 
nmrnful elegy. Steevens. 



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O F V E R O N A. 249 

This, or dfc nothing, will inherit hcr.^ 

DuKE.This difcipline fliows thou haft been in love. 

Thc;. And thy advice this night I*llputinpradice : 
Therefore, fweet Proteus, my dircftion-giver. 
Let us into the city prefently 
To fort* fome gentlemen well (kill'd in mufick: 
I have a fonnet, that will ferve the turn, ^ 

To giveThe onlet to thy good advice. 

Duke. About it, gentlemen. 

Pro. We'll wait upon your grace, till after fupper ; 
And afterward determine our proceedings. 

Duke. Even now about it 5 I will pardon you.^ 

[Exeunt. 



ACT IV. SCENE I. 
A Foreji^ near Mantua. 

Enter certain OuxAz,yi&. 

1 Our. Fellows, ftand faft ; I fee a p^flenger. 

2 Our. If there be ten, fhrink not, but down 

with 'em. 

^ * nmll inherit her.'] To inherit, h, by oar author, fome- 

times nfisd* as in this inftance, for to ohtaiu poffejpm of, without 
any idea of acquiring hy mberitamce. So, in Titus Andronkus : 

** He tnat had wit, would think that I had none^ 

" To buiy fo mudi gold under a tree, 

** And never after to inherit it.*' 
This ienfe of the word was not whoUy difufed in the time of 
Milton, who in his Comiu has»-**< disinherit Chftos/'^-meaning 
only, di/poffefi it. Stbevens. 

* To fon— ] L e, to choofe out. So, in K. Richard III: 

*• Yet I Willys a pitchy hour for thee." Stbevbns. 
' — — */ willfardonjon.] I will excufe you from waiting, 

JOHHSON« 



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350 TWO GENTLEMEN 

EntfT Valentine and Speed* 

3 Our. Standi iir» and tlirow us that you have 
about you ; 
If not, ' we'll make you JEt, and rific you/ 

SrMMP. Sit, we are undone I theie are the villains 
That all the travellera do fear fi> much, 

Fjl. My fricndij— 

1 Our. That's not fo, firi we are your enemies, 
a Otrr. Peace; we'll hear him. 

3 Our. Ay, by my beard, will we ; 
For he's a proper man.' 

FjL. Then know, that I have little wealth to lofe ; 
A man I am, crofs'd with advcrfity : 
My riches are thefe poor habiliments. 
Of which if you fhould here disfurnifh me. 
You take the fum and fubftancc that I have. 

2 Our. Whither travel you ? 
FjL. To Verona. 

I Our. Whence came you ? 
Fal. From Milan. 

3 Our. Have you long ibjoum'd there ? 

FjL. Somefixteen months ; and longer might have 
ftaid, 

4 J/tut^ loe^ttmiAe ym fit, mmi rifk /•«.] Tbe old comr fOaAi 
as I nave {Mriated the p«i&|«e. Pduy as die oppofition between 
JIand KDi^, fit may be thought, it is Shald^eeie's ^wo. ^fy piede* 
ceflbrs read—*' we'll make you, fir^^ Scc» SrisvBirs. * 

SiTy is die comipt reading of the thtrd f^k>» Maioite* 

5 tf proper »f/w.] i. e. a iveH-loohng man ; he has the ap- 
pearance of a gentleman. So, afterwards : ' * 

" And partivy feeing yen afe ^emt^fei 

" WHbg09diyJbmp€—'' MaLo4««. 
Agaia^ in OtheBv: 

*« This Lttdorico is a fnffer inan.'* Ste et e n8« 



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OF VERONA. aji 

If crooked fortune had not thwarted me. 

1 Our. What, were you btm(h*d thence? 
Val. I wac« 

2 Our* For what oflfencc ? 

Va l. For that which no w tc^-tnentd me to rehearfc : 
I killed a man, whofe death I much repent $ 
But yet I flew him manfully in fight. 
Without falfe vantage, or bafe treachery^ 

I Oar. Why ne'er repent it, if it were done fo : 
But were you banifli'd for fo fmall a fault ? 

Fal. I was, and held mc j^bd of fuch a doom« 

I Our. Have you the tongues ? 

Fal. My youthful travel therein made me happy ; 
Or elfe I often had been miferable. 

3 Our. By the bare fcalp of Robin Hood's fat 

friar,* 

^ Robin Hood's fat friar,] Robin Hood was captain of a 

band of robbers, and was much inclined to rob churchmen. 

Johnson* 
So« in A merj GeJU ofRofyn Hoode, Bct» bl. 1. no Aaxc : 
*• Thcfc hyjboppts and thefe arAehyfifoppts 
«• Ye (hall them bcate and byndfc/* ic. 
Bat fay Robin Hood's fat friar, I believe, Shakfp«iTe neana 
Friar Tick, ^o was conff^or and companion to this noted out4aw» 
So, in one of the old fonn of Kohin Hood: 
** And of brave uttle Jdm, 
« Oi Friar Tuck zxA Will Scarlett, 
" Stdcefly and Maid Marian." 
Again, in tiw 26th feng of Drayton's Polyolhiom : 

«« Of Tuck the merry friar which many a fermon made, 
** In pcaife of Robin Hoode, his ont4awes, and his trade.*' 
See fifi;ure Ul. in the plate at the end of the firft part of Fimg 
Hetny IV. with Mr. Toilet's obfervations on it* Stseveks/ 

Dr. Johnfoh leems to hare mafunderftood this paiffi^e* The fpeakef 
does not fwear by the ibdp of fome churcfaman who had been plan*> 
dered, but by the (haven crown of Robin Hood*s chaplain.*^'* We 
will live and die together, (fays a perfenage in Pede's Ednvafd I. 
ic9^,) like Robin Hood, little John, fiiar Tuckc, and Maade 
Manaiu" Malone« 



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^p TWO GENTLEMEN 

This fellow were a king for our wild faction. 

1 Our. Wc*ll have him : firs, a word. 
Speed. Mafter, be one of them ; 

It is an honourable kind of thievery. 
FjiL. Peace, villain ! 

2 Out. Tell us this : Have you any thing to take 

to? 
FjiL. Nothing, but my fortune. 

3 Our. Knowthen,thatfomeofusaregcntlemen, 
Such as the fiiry of ungovern'd youth 

Thruft from the company of awful men : ^ 
Myfelf was from Verona baniftied. 
For pradtifing to fteal away a lady. 
An heir, and near allied unto the duke.* 

f awful men:] Reverend, worfliipfql> fuch as magiftrafee3» 

and other principal members of civil communities. Johnson. 

A*wful is ufed by Shakfpeare, in another place, in the fenfe of 
bwful. Second part of K. Hatry IV. Aa IV. fc. ii : 

*« We come within our ipu^banks again." Tyrwhitt. 
So, in Ki^g Hinry F« 1600 : 

'* — creatures that by tfottf ordain 
" An aB of order to a peopled kingdom," Malons* 
I believe we ihould ft9&-^Upwfid men-— i. e. legoks homines, 
Soi in The Nfwe Boke of Juftkes^ i c6o : ** — commaodinge him 
to the fame to make an inqueft and pannel cX lawful ruoBi of his 
countie," For this remark I am indebted to Dr. Fanner. 

Stbevins, 
Anuful nun means men nuelUgoFvermtdt obftrvmtt of lano and mi' 
thority ; full of orfuhjeS to awe. In the fame kind of fenfe aa we 
laSefeaiful. Ritson. 

• An heir, and near allied unto the duke,] All the impreflions, 
from the firft downwards, read — An heir and niece allied unto the 
^ttke. But our poet would never have exprefTed himfelf fo flupidly, 
as to tell us, this lady was the duke's niecey and allied to him : for 
her alliance was certainly fufficiently included in the firft term. 
Our author meant to fay, (he was an heirefi^ and near allied to the 
duke; an exprcffion the moft natural that can be for the purpole, 
ind very frequently ufed by the ftage-poets. Th eg b a l d. 

A ttkce^ or a nefhew, 6iA not always fignify the daughter of a 



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OF VERONA, a^j 

3 Our. And I from Mantua^ for ^ gentleman^ 
Whom, in my mood, I ftabb'd unto me heart.* 

1 Our*. And I, for fuch like petty crimes as thefe. 
But to the purpofe,— (for we cite our faults. 
That they may hold excused our lawlefs lives,) 
And, partly, feeing you are beautify'd 

With goodly (hape ; and by your own report 
A linguift ; and a man of fuch perfedlion. 
As we do in our quality * much want ; — 

2 Our. Indeed, becaufe you are a banilh'd man. 
Therefore, above the reft, we parley to you : 
Are you content to be our general ? 

To make a virtue 6f neceflity. 

And live, as we do, in this wildernefs ? 

3 Our. What fay'ft thou ? wilt thou be of our 

confort ? 
Say, ay, and be the captain of us all : 
We'll do thee homage, and be rul'd by thee. 
Love thee as our commander, and our king. 

brother or fiftcr, but any remote dcfccndant. Of this ofc I hare 
|iven inftances, as to a nepbrw. See Othello^ Adl I. I have not, 
nowever, diftorbed Theobald's emendation. Stesvins. 

Heir in onr author's time (as it fometimes is nov) was applied 
to femaks, as well as males. The old copy reads — And neir. 
The coneftion was made in thq third folio. Malonb, 

9 Whm, /i»>xprmood, I ftabb*d unto the beartJ] Thus Diyden: 
*' Madneis laughing in his ireful mood.* 
Agaioj Gray : 

<* AfSm^madnefs, laoghing, wild/' HiNtBr. 
Mood is anger or refentment* Malonb. 

• in onr quality ] Our ^lUy means our proicffioo^ 

callmg, or condition of life. Thus in Maffinger's Roman JOfr, 
Jbctinos fays to Paris the trasedian : 

*« In thee, as being chief of thy profeffion, 
** I do accule the fua/it^ of treaion :" 
^t is, the whole profeffion or fraternity. 

Hamlet, fpeaking of the young players, lays, " will they purw 
fiie the gnabt^ no longer than they can £ng I" Uc* Sec* M. Mason. 



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354 TWO GENTLEMEN 

1 Our* But if thou fcom our courtcfy, thou dieft. 

2 Our. Thou ftalt not live to brag what wc have 

ofFcr'd. 
Val. I take your offer, and will live with you ; 
Provided that you do no outrages 
On filly women, or poor paffengers.' 

3 Our. No, we deteft fuch vile bafe pradticesi 
Come, go with us, we'll bring thee to our crews^ 
And Ihew thee all the treafure we have got; 
Which, with ourfelves, all reft at thy difpole. 

[Exeunt^ 

SCENE 11. 
Milan. Court of the Palace^ 

Enter Proteus. 

Pro. Already have I been falfe to Valentine^ 
And now I muft be as unjuft to Thurio. 
Under the colour of commending him^ 
I have accefs my own love to prefer ^ 
But Silvia is too fair, too true, too holy. 
To be corrupted widi my worthlefs gifts* 
When I proteft true loyalty to her. 
She twits me with my ialfhood to my friend ; 
When to her beauty I commend my vows. 
She bids me think, how I have been forfworn 
In breaking faith with Julia whom I lov'd: 
And, notwithftanding all her fudden quips,^ 

' ^-'"^ no outrages 
On filly ivomen, or foor fapngeru] TbU was ODC of the rules of 
Robin Hood's government. Steevbns. 

4 fudden fsr'>j>^ That is, hafty jpafltoojite {qMroschcf and 

fcofif. So Macbeth ip in a kindrad ienie faid to bcfoddmi duit 
U» iiafcibte and inipctuoi». Johnioit* 



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OF VERONA. ass 

The leaft whereof would quell a lovcr'i hope^ 
Yet, fpanicl-like, the more ihe fpurns my lov^ 
The more it grows, and fawneth on her ftill. 
But here comesThurio : now muft we to her window. 
And give fome evening mufic to her ear. 

Enter Thvrio, and Mujicians. . 

7nv. How now, fir Proteus ? are you crept be- 
fore us ? 

Pro. Ay, gentle Thurio i for, you know, that 
love 
Will creep in fervice where it cannot go.^ 

^HV. Ay, but, I hope, fir, that you love not here. 

Pjio. Sir, but I do ; or elfe I would be hence. 

^HV. Whom? Silvia? 

Pro. Ay, Silvia, — for your fake. 

^nv. I thank you for your own* Now, gentlemen. 
Let's tune, and to it luftily a while. 

!E»/^Hoft, at a diftancei andJvLiA in boy's clothes. 

Host. Now, my young gueft ! methinks you're 
allychoUy; I pray you, why is it? 

Jul . Marry, mine hoft, becaufe I cannot be merry. 

Host. Come, we'll have you merry : I'll bring you 
where you (hall hear muiick, and fee the gentleman 
that you a(k*d for. 

The (kme expreffion Is ured by Dr. Wilfon in his Aru, ofRhtto- 
Hpie, I cca : *< And make him at his wifs end through ihc/ttJden 

fii/*'* -MALONI. 

S .-.^jMtf bt9Vf, that love 
Wilt creep m fsrvkt *wben it cannot goA Kindneft will ettef 
where it cmnoc gMng, is to be found in Kelly's CoUe^on of 
Scoittih Fcoveibs, p. 226. Ryi». 



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556 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Jvu B^t fliall I hear him fpcak? 

Hosr. Ay, that you IhalL 

Jul. That will be mufick. [Mufick plajts* 

Host. Hark! hark! 

Jul. Is he among thcfe ? 

Host. Ay : but peace, let's hear •cm. 

SONG. 

fn>o is Silvia? what isjbe, 

Tbaf all our /wains commend berF 

Holy, fair, and wife is Jhe ; 

The heavens fucb grace did lend ber,^ 

Tbat fhe migbt admired be. 

Is fhe kind, as fhe is fair ? 

For beauty lives witb kindnefsi"^ 
Love doib to ber eyes repair, 

To belp bim of bis blindnefsi \^ 

And, being belp'd, inhabits tbere. 

Tben to Silvia let us ftng, 

Tbat Silvia is excelling; 
Sbe excels eacb mortal tbing. 

Upon tbe dull eartb dwelling: 
To ber let us garlands bring. 

• H^io if Silvia^ nvbat hjbi, &c.-«'— 
The lieavens fuch erace did lend her»] So^ in PiricUs: 
** So biixom» blithe* and full of face, , 

•• As heaven bad lent her all his grace '* Doves. 

? .^...^^heaHty lives 'with kindnefs :] Beauty without kindaefi ik$ 
unenjoyed^ and uidelighting. Johnson. 



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Jet Tvro nXTTTIxEMiTr of TJRHOXA. Scrn^ 




J-ia&Ul/irJUiJUiim 4^Mm%^ntry >^Mbra* r.'^/T^. 



. ._ c"^ . „ c^ 



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O F V E R O N A. 257 

Host. How now ? are you fadder than you were 
before ? 
How do you^ man ? the mufick likes you not. 

yuL. You miftake ; the mufician likes me not. 

Host. Why, my pretty youth? 

yuL. He plays falfe, father. 

Hosr. How ? out of tune on the ftrings ? 

yuL. Not fo ; but yet fo falfe, that he grieves my 
very heart-ftrings. 

Host. You have a quick ear. 

yuL. Ay, I would I were deaf! it makes me have 
a flow heart. 

Host. I perceive, you delight not in mufick. 

yuL. Not a whit, when it jars fo* 

Host. Hark, what fine change is in the mufick ! 

yuL. Ay; that change is thefpite. 

Host. You would have them always play but one 
thing? 

yuL. I would always have one j^ay but one thing. 
But, hoft, doth this fir Proteus, that we talk on» 
often refort unto this gentlewoman ? 

Host. I tell you what Launce, his n^n^ toldme^ 
he loved her out of all nick*. 

yuL. Where is Launce ? 



* ^— Mtf^tfffniq^.] Beyond all reckoning or coont. lUckoo- 
ings are kq>t opon nicked or notched ftigks or tallies. 

WAaavETQN. 
So, in uf WmoM twoer n}ex^i^ 1632 : 
•• -^— I have carried 
*' The tallies at my girdle (even years together, 
^ «*^ For I did ever bve to deal honeftly in the nr/ri." 
As it is in inn-keeper who emjploys the alliifion, it is niacli in 
chaiaaer* STiavmn 

Vot. III. S ' 



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258 TWO GENTLEM£N 

: H^sr. Gone to fcek hid dog ; M^hich, to-ttiorrow, 
by his mafter*s command, he muft carry for a pre- 
fent to hiii lldy* 
. JvL. Peace I ftand alide; the company parts. 

Pro. SirThurk), fear not you ; I will fo plead. 
That you ftiall fay, my cunning drift excels* 

Thu* Where meet we ? 
. Pro. At faint Gregory's well. 

Thu. Farewell. [Exeunt tnuvLio and Mujiciansy 

Silvia appears above^ at her window. 

Pro. Madam, good even to your lady (hip. 
SiL. I thank you for your mufick, gentlemen: 
Who is that, that fpake ? 

' Pr 0. One, lady, if you knew his pure heart's truth. 
You'd quickly learn to know him by his voice. 
I StL. Sir Proteus, as I take it. 

Pro. Sir Proteus, gentle lady, and your fervant. 
• SiL. What is your will ? 
'^ Pro. That I may compafs ydurs, 

SiL. You have yourwifli; my will iseventhis,^ — 
That prefefttfyyou hie you home to bed. 
Thou fubtl^, perjur'd, falfc, difloyal man! 
Think'ft thou, I am fo ihallorw, fo conceitlefs, 
Ti>b€ fcduced by thy flattery. 
That haft deceiv'd fo many with thy vows ? 
Return, return, and make thy love amends. 
For me,-^by this pale queen of night I fwear» 
I am fo far from granting thy requeft, 

9 You ba^jourtvifi ymy will // rvnt tiis,] The trofd «w///is hefe 
ambiguous. He wifhcs to^^7/« her w///; fhaieUf UfB, ifkewanttf 
her <witi he has it. J oh nso n«. 



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OP VEftONA; i$^ 

Thit I d*fpifc thee for thy wrongful fuit ; 
And by and by intend to chide myfelf, 
Even for this time I fpend in tiilking to thee. 

Pro. I grant, fweet love, thaf I did love a lady; 
But (he is dead^ 

Jul. 'Twei-e falfe, if I fhould fpeak it; 
For, I am fure, (he is hot buried. [Jj/de. 

SiL. Say, that fhe be ; yet Valentine, thy fHend, 
Survives ; to whom, thyfelf art witnefs, 
I am betroth'd : And art thou not afham'd 
To wrong him with thy importunacy ? 

Pro. I like wife hear, that Valentine is dead. 
SiL. And fo, fuppofe, am I ; for in his grave • 
Affufc thyfelf, my love is buried. 

Pro. Sweet lady, let me rake it from the earth. 

SiL. Go to thy lady's grave, and call hcr's thence; 
Or, at the leaft, in her's fepulchre thine. 

jFui. He heard not that. I4fidt^ 

Pro. Madam, if your heart be fo obdQrate, 

Vouchfafe me yet your pifture for my love. 

The pidture that is hanging in your chamber; 

To that I'll fpeak, to that PU figh and weep ; 

For, fince the fubftance of your pcrfedt fclf 

Is elfe devoted, I am but a Ihadotv ; 

And to your (hadow will I make true love. 

yuL. If 'twere a fubftance, you would, fure, de- 
ceive it. 
And make it but a fhadow^ as I am. [4/^de, 

SiL. I am very loth to be your idol, fir ; 

* «*-^i> hi* grmte^ llie cMl copy VoA-^her grave, 'thb 
cmendatioa was made by the editor of tlie fecoad Afio. 

.Malohb. 

S 3 



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a6o TWO GENTLEMEN 

But, lincc your falfhood Ihall become you vclH 
To worihip fhadows, and adore falfe fhapes. 
Send to me in the morning, and I'll fend it : 
And {o, good reft. 

Pro. As wretches have o'er-night. 

That wait for execution in the morn. 

[Exeunt Vkotbvs; and Silvia^ from atove^ 

Jul. Hoft, will you go ? 

Host. By my hallidom/ I was faft afleep. 



' But^ find your fallhood fi>alt hetome yen ^tvell — ] This b 
hardlj ienfc^ We may read, with very little alteration, 
** fint (met yon* re faift, it (hall become you well." 

Johnson. 

There is no occafion for any alteration, if we only fuppolfe that 
/> is underftood here, as in federal other places : 

** But, fince your fkllhood, (hall become yoti well 
** To worihip (hadows and adore falfe fhapes/' 
u e. But, fince your falfhood, // (hall become you well, &c* 

Or indeed^ in this place. To worjbip Jbadows^ &c. may be con-* 
fidered as the nominauve cafe to Jball become. Tr r wh i tt* 

'* I am very loth, fays Silvia, to be your idol ; but finee your 
falihood to your friend and miilrefs will become you to worihip 
ihadows, and adore falfe (hapes (I. e. will be properly employed in 
fo doing}, fend to me, and you (hall have my pidlure." Ritson. 

I once had a better opinion of the alteration propofed by D/* 
Johnfon than I have at prefent. I now believe tne text is right, 
and that our author means, however licentious the expreffion,— i 
jBut, fince your falfhood well becomes, or is well fuitcd to, the 
worfhippin^ of ihadows, and the adoring of falfe (hapes, (end 
to me in me morning for n^ piAure, &€• Or, in other words» 
But, fince the worfhipptng of (hadows and the adoring of falfe 
(hapes (hall well become you^ faljk as you are^ fend, &c« To 
nuofflnp fiadows^ &c.^ I confidcr as the objeftive cafe, as well as 
you. There aie other inflances in thefe plays of a double accufadve 
depending on the fame verb. I have dnerefore followed the punc* 
tuation of the old copy, and not placed a comma after fiajbood^ 
as in the modem editions. Since is, I thifik, hese ato adverb, itot 
a prepofition. M alone. 

4 By nyjiwllidom,] i. e. my fentence at the general refurredtion, 
or, as I tiopi to be faved : hali5boin> Saxon. Ritson. 



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OF VERONA. a6i 

JvL. Pray you, where lies fir Proteus? 

Host. Marry, at my houfe : Truft me, I think, 
'tis almoft day. 

yuL. Not fo ; but it hath been the longeft night 
That e'er I watch'd, and the moft heavieft.^ 

SCENE III. 

The fame. 

Enter Eglamour, 

Egl. This is the hour that madam Silvia 
Entreated me to call, and know her mind ; 
There's fome great matter Ihe'd employ me in.— • 
Madam,, madam ! 

Silvia appears ahve^ at berwindoWn 

Siu Who calls ? 

Egl* Your fervant, and your friend ; 

One that attends your ladyfhip's command. 

SiL. Sir glamour, a thoufand times good-mor* 
row. 

Egl. Ag many, worthy lady, to yourfelf. 
Acccmling to your ladyfhip's impofe,* 
I am thus early come, to know what fervice 
It is your pleafure to command me in. 

SiL. O Eglamour^ thou art a gentleman^ 

' •— «- mofi htawtfiA Tliu afe of the double fuperlative is fre- 
quent in oar author. So» in Kimg Lear, A^ IL fc. iii : 

« To take thebaieft andiMr^/oor^ihafe." Stebven^^ 

* j mtr ladj/bip*i impofe,] Imp^e is inpmiHofi, eommand, A 

talk fet ^ college, an conibpience cf « (aalti t3 ftill called an 
imfofitm. Stbivens. 

S3 



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}6| TWO QENTJLEMEN 

(Think npt, I fetter, for, I fwe^, J do aotj 

Valiant, wife^ remorfcfiil,* well accpmpUlh'd. 

Thou art not ignorant, what dear good will 

I bear .unto the banilh'd Valentine ; 

Nor how my father would enforce me marry 

Vain Thurio, whom my very foul abhorr'd. 

Thyfelf haft lov'd ; and I have heard thee fay. 

No grief did ever come fo near thy heart. 

As when thy lady and thy true love died. 

Upon wKofe grave thou vowd'ft pure chaftity.'' 

Sir Eglamour, I would to Valentine, 

To Mantua, whpre, { hwr, he makes abode ; 

And, for the ways are dangerous to pafsj^ 

I do defire thy worthy company. 

Upon whofe faith and honour I repoie. 

Urge not noiy father's anger, Eglamour, 

But think upon my grief, a lady's grief; 

And on the juftice of my flying hence. 

To keep me from a moft unholy match. 

Which heaven and fortune ftill reward with places. 

# remorfcful,] Remorfirful U pitiful. So, io The Jdaidf 

'Metamorfhofis by lyly, 1600 : 

«* Provokes ^^Y '"^^^ '® ^^ remmfi of dMe." 
Again, in Chapman's tranflation of the zd hool^ of Homer's 
Iliad, 1598: 

<< QcfGfliyi on our long-toylod koft ^iith ^ nmorfifi^ eye.'* 

T Uponi tvbo/f gr0V0 thou mowdft fuu ^^RitVf] k WM CQHUIOD 
in former ages for widowprs and widows to make vojv^ of chaftity 
in honour of their deceafed wives or huftands. In Dugdale's Jntt- 
euities of JVamAtkkfiivty ^9M 1 01 3 » there 19 the form of a commiflion 
Dy the biftiop of the diocele for taking a vow of chaftity made by a 
widow. It feems that, befides oljferying the vow, the widow was, 
Ibr Hfe, to wear a veil and a mourning habit. 8ome fuch diftinftioo 
we may fuppofe to have been made in refpeA of male votarifts ; and 
therefore tiiis cireumftance might inform the flayers how fir Egla- 
mour &oold bednft; and will aecount for Silvia's having chofen 
Urn as a perfon io whom (he could confide without injuiy to tier ou n 
charader. St sevens. 



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PF ypRONA^. V ?^ 

I do defire thecj £ven from a hieart 
As full of forrows as the fea of fands^ 
To bear me coix^pany . and gp with me : 
If not, to hide what I have uid to thee^ 
That I may venture to depart alone. 

Egl. Madam» I pity much your grievances ; * 
Which iince I know they virtuoufly are plac'd» 
I give confeAt to go along with you t 
Recking as little^ whac t^cideth me, 
A3 much I wi(h all good befortune you. 
When will you go ? 

SiL. This evening coming. 

Egi. Where fhali I meet you ? 

^11* At friar Patrick's cell^ 

Where I intend holy confeflion. 

Egi., I will not fail your ladyihip: 
Good-morrow, gentle lady. 

Stl. Good-rvaorrow, kind fir Eglamour. [Exeunt^ 

SCENE IV. 

^befame. 
Enter Launce, with his dog. 

When a man^s fervant (hall pl^ the cur with him, 
look you, it goes hard : one that I brought up of a 
puppy ; one that I favcd from drowning, when three 
or four of hi$ blind brother^ and fifters went to it ! I 



9 — ^^ranMfiM^f/ ;] Sorrofwrs^ forrovrful aft^ons. Johnson. 

9 Recking as little — ] To reck is to care for. So, in Hamks : 

•• And recks not his- own read." 
Both Chancer and Spenfer ofe this word with the fame fignifi- 
cation. St sevens. 

S4 - 



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a«4 TWO GENTLEMEN 

have taught him*— even as one would fay precifety^ 
Thus I would teach a dog. I was fent to deliver 
him, as a prefent to miftrefs Silvia^ from my mailer ; 
and I came no fooner into the dining^hamber, but 
he fteps me to her trencher, and fteals her capon's 
leg. O, *tis a foul thing, when a cur cannot keep 
himfelf ' i|i all companies ! I would have, as one 
ihould &y, one that takes upon him to be a dog' 
indeed, to^, as it were, a dog at all thiiigs. If 
I had not had more wit than he, to take a fault upon 
me that he did, I think verily he had been hang*d 
for't ; fure as I live, he had fuffer'd for't : you ihall 
judge. He thrufts me himfelf into the company of 
three or four gentlemen-like dogs, under the duke's 
table : he had not been there (blefs the mark} a 
piffing while,* but all the chamber fmelt him. Out 
with the dog, fays one ; ff^at cur is that ? fays ano- 
ther ; IVbip him out, fays the third ; Hang him up, 
fays the duke. I, having been acquainted with the 
fmell before, knew it was Crab ; and goes me to the 
fellow that whips the dogs : * Friend, quoth I, you 
mean to whip the dog ? Ay, marry, do I, quoth he. Tou 
do him the more wrong, quoth I ; *twas I did the thing 
you wot of. He makes me no more ado, but whips 
me out of the chamber. How many msifters would 



• keq> bim/elf'^'i i. e. itftndn himfdf. Stibtsns. 

.3 to he a dog^»'\ I believe we fhould read — / nwmli 

iavf, 3cc. <me that taka upw him to be a deg, to be a Aog.imdeed^ to 
ie,&c. Johnson. 

4 a piffing while J This expreffion is ufed in Ben Jonfon'^ 

Magnetic Lady : " — ^have patience hot a fit^nf while." It ajp- 
pears from Ray's Colleaion, that it is proverbial. Stbbvins. 

5 The fellow that whips the dogs :] This ai)pear» to have been 
part of tKe office of an u/ber of the table. So» in Mucedorms : 

«« —I'll prove ray office good : for look you, &c. — When ai 
dog chance to blow his nofe rackward, then with a nvhifl give 
him s^ time of the day, and ftrew roihesprefently." Steevbns. 



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OF VERONA. 261 

do this for their fervant ? * Nay, Ml be fwom, I have 
fat in the (locks for puddings he hath ftolen^ other-- 
wife he had been executed : I have ftood on the piU 
lory for geefe he hath kili'd, otherwife he had fuf- 
fer'd for't : thoui:hink'ft not of this now ! — Nay, I 
remember the trick you ferVed me, when I took my 
leave of madam Silvia;'' did not I bid thee ftill 
mark me, and do as I do ? When didft thou fee me 
heave up my leg, and make water againft a gentle-* 
woman's farthingale ? didft thou ever fee me do fuch 
a trick? ^ 

jE«/^r Proteus andJvLiA. 

Pro. Sebaftian is thy name ? I like thee well. 
And will employ thee in fome fervice prefently. 

Jul. In what you pleafe ; — I will do what I can. 

Pro. I hope, thou wilt. — ^How now, you whore- 
fon peafant? ITo Launce* 

Where have you been thcfe two days loitering ? 

Laun. Marry, fir, I carry 'd miftrefs Silvia the 
dog you bade me. 

* xbioj fervant f^ The old copy reads his fervant ? 

Stbbvens« 
Correfted by Mr. Pope. Malone. 

^ — »- maJam Silvia ;] Perhaps we (hould read of madam Julia. 
\xvfWi Julia only of whom a formal leave could have been taken* 

Steevens. 

Dr. Warburton, without any neceffity I think» reads — ^Julia; 
'* alludine to the leave his mafter and he took when thev left Ve> 
lona." But it appears from a former fcene. (as Mr. Heath has 
ebierved.) that Launce was not prefent when Proteus and Julia 
parted. Lannce on the other hand has juft taken leave of, i. e. 
parted ffom> (for that is all that is meant) madam Silvia. 

Malone. 

Though Launce was not prefent when Julia and Proteos parted, 
it b^ no means follows that he and Crab had not likewise their 
audience of leave. Ritson. 



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9$4 TWO GENTLEMEN 

fft^. And what fays flie to my little jewel ? 

Law. Marry, fhe (ays, your dog was a cur; 
and tells you, curriih thanks is gocxl enough fi>r 
fuch a prelbnt. 

Pzo. But (he recciy*d my dog? 

X'Avji^ No, indeed, fhe did not: here have I 
broi)jg;ht him back again. 

Pko^ What, didft thou offer her this from me? 

hA^jii, Ay, fir ; the other fquirrel ' was ftolen from 
me by the hangman's boys in the market-place; 
and then I offered her mine own ; who is a dog as 
big as ten of yours^ and therefore the gift the 
greater. 

Pa (5. Go, get thee hence, and find my dog again^ 
Or ne'er return again into my fight. 
Away, I fay j Stay'ft thou to vex me here ?. 
A flave, that, ftill an end,** turns me to fiiame. 

{E^it Launch. 
Sebaflian, I have entertained thee. 
Partly, that I have need qf fuch a youth. 
That can with fome difcretion do my bufinefs^ 
For 'tis no trufling to yon foolifh lowt ; 

• -...^1^ other fquirrel, &c-] Sir. T. Hanmer reads — ** the 
other. Squirrel^" 8cc. and conftquently makes Sfuirtri the proper 
name of the bead. Perhap Launce only (peaks of it as a diminu- 
tive animal, more refembling z fquirrel in Uze, than a dog. 

Stbevbns. 

The fubfe(}uent wordsjn-" who is a doff as big as ten rf yours" 
(hew that Mr. Steevens's interpretation is the true one. Malgnvi 

9 an end,] ut. its the eud^ at the conclufion of every bufi# 

lie(s he undertakes* Stbevbns. 

Still au ead» and m9ft am eni^ are vulgar expie(Boiia, and mcaii 
commonly, generally. So, in Maifinger's Very Womm^ a Citizco 
aiks the Mailer, who had (laves to fell, << What will that girl do V^ 
To which he replies : 

" — — fure no harm at all, (ir, 
« For flie flceps moft an end** M, Masov. 



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O F Y E R O N A. tSj 

But^ chiefly, for thy ftfc^^ and thy behaviour; 
Which (if my augury deceive me not,) 
Witnefs good bringing up, fortune, and truth ; 
Therefore know thou,* for this I entertain thee. 
Go prefently, and take this ring with thee. 
Deliver \t %o mn^wn Silvias 
8bc lov'd me wellj dcUver'd it to me.' 
Jul. It feems, you lov'd her not, to leave her 
token : * 
She's de^d, beUke.* 

a ^htetiv tkou,] The old eppy h$a^hfe. Tlic cmenilatiaa 

was made by the editbr of the fegond folio. Malon b« 

< She Mime njoelly deliver d it to ot^.] i. e. She, ovA^ deliveral 
it to aie^ lov'd me well. Malonb. 

4 Jtfoemt^yoH kw'd bernot^ cleave her token:'] Proteus does 
not piimrl^ Icav^ hii tody's token, he gives it away. The old 
edition nas it : ^ 

*« It fccma yott lov'd her not, mt leave her token." 
I ihould corre^ it thus : 

<< It fccms you lov'd her not^ mr low ber token." 

JORNSOV. 

The emendation ws|s made in the fecond folio. Ma lon e. 
Johnfon, not recolleAing the force of the word league, propoTes 
an amendment of this paflage, but that is unneceflary ; for, in the 
language of the time, to leive means to fart tvitb, or gi^e awaj. 
Thus, in TTfe Merekimt of Venice, Portia, fpeaking of the ring fhe 
gave Baffanio, iays, 

" and here he ftands ; 

«* I dare be Avorn for him, he would not leave it, 
« Or plo^k it from hk finger, for the weakh 
«« That the WQrldmafteirs." 
And BaiTanio fays, in a fubfequcnt fcenc : 

'• If you did know to whom I gave the ring, &c. 

'' And how unwillingly lleftiSa ring, 

*' Yoq would 4t>ate tl^ (ts9ngA of your difpleafnre.'' 

M. Mason. 
To leave, is ufcd with equal licence, in a former fcene, for to 
Ciafe. " I leave to be," ^c, Maloi^i. 

s She's dead, hfliie.^ This is UA in reference to what Protens 
had afferted to Silvia i9 ^ finrmer fccDe ; vis. that both Jnlia and 
Valentine were dead. Stebvens* 



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268 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. Not fo; I think, fhc lives. 

yuL. Alas I 

Pro. Why doft thou ciy, alas? 

Jul. I cannot choofe but pity her. 

Pro. Wherefore (hould'ft thou pity her? 

Jul. Becaufe, methinks, that (he lov'd you as well 
As you do love your lady Silvia : 
She dreams on him^ that has forgot her love ; 
You dote' on her, that cares not for your love. 
'Tis pity, love (hould be fb-contrary ; 
And thinking on it makes me cry, alas ! 

Pro. Well, give her that ring, and therewithal 
This letter ; — ^that's her chamber. — Telt my lady, 
I claim the promife for her heavenly pidhire. 
Your meflage done, hie home unto my chamber. 
Where thou fhalt find me fad and folitary. 

[Exii Proteus* 

yuL . How many women would do fuch a meflage ? 
Alas, poor Proteus ! thou haft entertained 
A fox, to be the fhepherd of thy lambs : 
Alas, poor fool ! why do I pity him 
That with his very heart defpifeth.me? 
Becaufe he loves her, he defpifeth me ; 
Becaufe I love him, I muft pity him. 
This ring I gave him, when he parted from me. 
To bind him to remember my good will : 
And now am I (unhappy meflenger) 
To plead for that, which I would not obtain; 
To carry that, which I would have refiis'd ; 
To praifehis faith, which I would have difprais*d.^ 

^ 7i earfyihat^fwhkb I fwouU bavi rtfuii\ &€.] The fcnfc is, 
to go and pident that wrhich I wiih to be not accepted* to praife 
him whom I wiih to be diipiaifed* Jo^moir. 



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OF VERONA. 269 

I am my mailer's true confirmed love ; 

But cannot be true ferVant to my mafter> 

Unlefs I prove falfe traitor to myfelf. 

Yet will I woo for him^; but yet fo coldly. 

As, heaven it knows, I would not have him fpeed. 

Enter Silvia, attended. 

Gentlewoman, good day ! I pray you, be my mean 
To bring me where to fpeak with madam Silvia. 

SiL. What would you with her, if that I be fhe ? 

Jul. If you be fhe, I do entreat your patience 
To hear me fpeak the meflage I am fent on. 

SiL. From whom? 

Jul. From my mafter, fir Proteus, madam« 

SiL. O! — he fends you for a pidiire? 

Jul. Ay, madam. 

SiL. Urfula, bring my pidure there. 

[Piffure brought* 
Go, give your mafter this : tell him from me. 
One Julia, that his changing thoughts forget. 
Would better fit his chamber, than this ihadow. 

Jul. Madam, pleafe you perufe this letter. 

P^don me, madam ; I have unadvised 
Delivered you a paper that I Ihould not ; 
This is the letter to your ladyfhip. 

SiL. I pray thee, let me look on that again. 

Jul. It may not be; good madam, pardon me* 

SiL. There, hold. 
I will not look upon your mafter's lines : 
I know, they are ftuff'd with proteftations. 
And full of ngj Krfound oaths ; which he will break. 
As eafily as I do tear his paper. 

Jul. Madam, he fends your ladyfhip this ring.. 



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47a TWO 0EKTLEM£N 

SiL. The more fhame for him thatherehdiitrnft; 
For, I have htAxd him Tay a thoufand times. 
His Julia ^ve it him at his departure : 
Though his falfe finger hath profaned the ring. 
Mine fhall iiot do his Julia fo much wrong, 

Jul. She thaiiks you. 

SiL. Whatfay'itthoU? 

JuL^ I thank you, madam, that you tended hef : 
Poor gentlewoman f my mafler wrongs her rnuch. 

SiL. Doft thou khow her ? 

Jul. Almoft as well as I do know myfelf : 
To think upon her woes, I do proteft. 
That I have wept an hundred feveral times. 

SiL* Belike, ihe thinks that Proteus hath forfook 
her. 

Jul. I think fhe doth ; and that's her caufe of 
forrow. 

SiL. Is (he not pafling fair? 

Jul* She hath been fairer, madam, than (he is : 
When ftie did think my mafter lov'd her wcll^ 
She, in my judgement, was as fair as you ; 
But fince fhe did negledt her looking-glafs^ 
And threw her fun-expellihg mafk away. 
The air hath ftarv'd the rofes in her cheeks. 
And pinch'd the lily-tinfture of her face,* 
That now (he is become as black as I. 

• And pinch*d fhe tity-^iinbure tf hir face,'] Thfc ColdUr rf t 
jjAn pinched, is Hvid, as it is commonly terrioted, bbuk and hbu* 
The weather xxmj tfafeidoK bepuftly faid to piuch whtn it pnidiMei 
the fame viiible cfied. I betieve thia is the reafon why the cold 
is faid to pinch. JoH K60 ». 
' Gleo^tTafay«ofh«tfelf: 

** —think OR me, 
« That am with Phoebus' 9motm;a finches blaok*'* 



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OF VERONA. 271 

Sit. Howtall Was (lie?* 

yuL. About my ftature : for, at Pentecoft, 
When all our pageants of delight wfere play'd> 
Our youth got me to play the woman*s part. 
And I was trimmed in madam Julia*s goWn ; 
Which ferved me as fit, by all men's judgement. 
As if the garment had been made for me : 
Therefore, I know fhe is about my height. 
And, at that time, 1 made her weep a-good/ 
For 1 did play a lamentable part : 
Madam, 'twas Ariadne, pamoning 
For Thefeus^ perjury, and unjuft flight;' 



t Sil. Hoivtal/^zB/!fe?] We (houldread— " HowtalliVflie?'' 
For that is evidently the queftion which Silvia means to alk. 

RlTSON* 

• tweep a^good,] L c. in good eameft« Tout ie bon. Fr. 

STBSVElfS. 

So, in Mitlowc's Jenjj ofMalta^ ^^33 • 

•• And therewithal thdr luites have rankled fo, 
** That I have laugh'd a^good:* M alone. 

9 *t*was Ariadne, paffidning 

For Tbefeus* ferjury, and unjuft fiight\\ The hiftory. of this 
twicc-deferted lady is too well known to need ah introdudtioa 
Itere ; nor is the reader interrupted on the bafinefs of Shakfpeare : 
bat I find it difficult to refrain from making a dote the vehicle for 
a conjcfturc which 1 mayhave no better opportunity df communis 
eating to the public. — The fubjcdt of a Fflnre of Guido (com- 
monly fuppofed to be Ariadne dderted by Theieus and courted by 
Bacchus) may poffibly have been hitherto miflaken. Whoever wiH 
tatxtist the flbulaus hiftory critically « as well as the performance 
itfelfy will acqniefce in the truth of the remark. Ovid, in his 
Fafti, tetls lis, that Bacchus (who lefl Ariadne to go on his Indian 
c^KxHtion) found too many charms in the daughter of one of the 
kings of tltac coantiy. 

'* Interea Liber dq)exos crinibus Indos 
*« Vincit, et Ego dives ab orbe redit. 
" Inter captive facie przitante piiellas 

" GrAia niflftis fiacoio fiiia regis erat. 
<* Fldbat amans conjuic, %atiataqae littoit corva 
« Edidit incultis talia verba fonis. 



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^72 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Which I fo lively aifted with my tears. 
That my poor miftrefi, moved therewithal. 
Wept bitterly; and, would I might be dead. 
If I in thought felt not her very forrow ! 

SiL. She is beholden to thee, gentle youth ! — 
Alas, poor laiy ! defolate and left ! — 
I weep myfelf, to think upon thy words* 
Here, youth, there is my purfe ; I give thee this 
For thy fwect miftrefs' fake, becaufe thou lov'ft her. 
Farewell. [Exit Silvia. 

yuL. And (he (hall thank you for*t, if e'er you 
know her. — 



<< Quid me defertis pcritunun. Liber, arenis 

** Servabas ? potui dedoluifle femeh 

** Aufus es ante ocalos» addudbi pellice» noftros 
** Tarn bene compofitum follicitare tonun," &c* 

Ovid. Faft, 1. iii. v. 465. 
In this pidnie he appears as if juft returned from India, bringing 
with him his ntw favourite, who hangs on his arm, and whofe 
prefence only caufes thofe emotio&s fo vifible in the countenance 
of Ariadne, who had been hitherto reprefented on this occafion : . 
«« aspaflioning 

•* For Thefcus' perjury and unjuft flight." 
From this painting a plate was engraved by Giacomo Freij, which 
is ^nerally a compamon to the Aurora ot the fame mafter. The 
pnnt is fo common, that the curious may eafily (atisfy themielves 
concerning the propriety of a remark which has intruded itfislf 
among the notes on Shakfpeare. 

Topaffion is ufed as a verb, by writers contemporary with Shak- 
fpeare. ^ In Th^ Blind Beggar of Alexandria^ printed i$^%» wo 
meet with the fame expre^n : 

•• --.— what, art thou paffianing over the pidure of Cleanthes ?'* 
Again, in Eli^ Lihidinojo^ a novel, by Jehn Hinde, 1606: 
** — — if thou gaze on a pi6bire, thou muft, with Pigmalion, be 
faffionate.'* 

Again, in Spenfer's Faefy ^ueen, B. III. c. a : 

« Some argument of matter /^j^Snwif.'* Stebvens* 
— - *iwas Ariadne t paffioninff— — .1 On her being deferted 
by TUefeus in die night, and left on ue Ifland of Naxos. 

Malons* 



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OP VEROT^A. 273 

A virtuous gentlewoman^ mild^ and beautiful. 
I hope^ my mailer's fuit will be but cold. 
Since fhe refpedb my miftrefs* love fo much.' 
Alas, how love can trifle with itfelf ! 
Here is her pidure : Let me fee ; I think. 
If I, had fuch a tire, this face of mine 
Were full as Iqvely as is this of hers : 
And yet the painter flattered her a little, 
Unlefs I flatter with myfelf too much. 
Her hair is auburn, mine is perfeA yellow : 
If that be all the difference in his love, 
ril get me fuch a coloured periwig/ 

s — -mjr miftrefs* lovefi mach.^ She had in her preceding (peech 
called Jolia her miflre/s ; hot it is odd enough that (he (hould that 
defcribe herfclf, when (he is alone. Sir T. Hanmer reads— «'* bii 
miftreis;" bat without neceffity. ^ Oar author knew that his au- 
dience confidered the diiguifed Julia in the prefent fcene as a page 
to Proteos^ and this^ I baieve> and the love of antithefis, produced 
the expreffion. Malonb. 

4 I'll get me /tub a colour* digmwig.'] It fhould be remembered* 
that falfe hair was worn by uie lames, long before nvigt were in 
iafhion. Thefe falfe coverings, however, were called periivigs. So, 
in Noribward Hoe, 1607 : <' There is a new trade come up for caft 
Bentlewomen, oi perrhxfig^makmg: let yoar wife fet up in the 
Strand." ** Per^ckes,'* however, are mentioned by Churchyard 
an one of his earlieft poems* Stbevbns* 

See Mucb Ado abtmt Nothing, A&, IL fc. iii : " — and her hair 
fliall be of what colour it pleafe God."— ^and TheMercbwtt of Fe^ 
Mke, Aaill. fcii: 

** So are crifped fnaky golden locks," &c. 

Again, in The Honeftie of this age, fronting by good circumftance that 
the wiforld nvas never bonefi till now, by Baraabe Rich, quarto, 
161;: '' My lady holdeth on her way, perhaps to the tire- 
maker's (hop, where flie ihaketh her crownes, to beftowe upon 
feme new-faihioned attire ;-*4ipon fuch artificial deformed /emvi^/^ 
that they were fitter to fomilh a theatre, or for her that in a fti^ 
Ijlay fiurald reprefent fome hag of hell, than to be ufed by a Chni^ 
tian woman." Again* ibid : ** Thefe attire-makers within thefe 
forty years were not known by that name ; and bat now very latel/ 
Aey^ kept their lowzie commodity oiferewigs, and their monftroos 
flttixts, clofed in boxes,— «nd thofe women that ufed to weare them 

Vot. III. T 



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174 TWO G£NTLEM£N 

Her ey^s are grey as gkfs ? ' and fo are mine i 

Ay, but her forehMd's low,* ahd mint's as high. 

What ihould it be, that he refpeds in her. 

But I can make refpeAive'' in myfelf. 

If this fond love were nor a blinded god ? 

Come, fhadow, come, and take this Ihad^w up. 

For 'tis thy rival. O thou fenfclefs form. 

Thou Ihaltbe worihip'd, kifs*d, lov'd^ and ador*d| 

And, were there fenfe in his idolatry. 

My fubftance Ihould be ftatue in thy ftead,* 

would not buy them but in fecret. But now they are not alhai»ed 
to fet them forth upon their ilalb, — ^Tuch monftrous mop-powles 
of haire> fo proportioned and deformed, that bat within theie twenty 
or thirty years would have drawne the pa(&n-by to ftand and gaze^ 
and to wonder at them." Malone. 

5 Her eyes are grey as glais ;] So Chaucer^ in the charader of 
his Priords : 

" Ful femely hire wimple y-pinched was ; 

*• Hire nofe tretis; hire eyen grey as glasJ^ Theobald. 

6 _ — her foreheads iw,] A hi^h forehead was in our author's 
lime accounted a feature eminently beautiful. So» in ^he Riftory 
of Guy of Wamjokh^ •* Felice his kdy" is Cud to " have the fame 
high forehead as Venus** Johnson. 

7 _refpeffive— ] i. c. reJ^Sabk. Steevens. 

• My fuhftmice jUuld be ilttue in ibyJUadA It would be cafy 
to read, with no more ronghnefs than is fband in many lines m 
Sbakfpeare: 

« Ihould be a ftatue in thy ftead." 

The fenfe» as Mr. Edwards obferves, is, ** He ihould have my 
fubftance as zftatne, inftead ci thee [the pi^nre] who art a fenfe* 
lefs form." This wocd» however, is ufed without the article a in 
Maffinger'i Great Duke of Florence : 

*• •^—H was your beaaty 

" That turn'd wc^flatme.** 
And again, in Lord Surrey's tranflation of the 4th .£neid ; 

" And Ttoiuiftatm durow lAto the flame." 
Again, in Dryden's Dm Sebajitan : 

" tiy the virtue of that Gorgon face, 

** To ftare me into>tfstf ." Stsbvsns. 
Steevens has clearly proved that thu piUfage requires no amend- 
ment; but it appears from hence, and a pafli^ia Mafinger, that 



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OF VERONA. 27S 

I'll ufe thee lundljr for thy miftrefs' fake. 
That us'd me fo ; or elfe, by Jove I vow, 
I fhould have fcratch'd out ycMir unfeeing eyes,' 
To make my mafter out of love with thee. [ExiL 

the 'maiJIatMf wm famcrif uftd to etptefi a fortrmu JuUa i» 
here addreffing herfelf to a piSUure\ and in the City Madrnn^ the 
young ladies are fapnofed to take leave of ^fiam^s of their lovers* 
as they ftyle them» tnongh Sir John, at the beginning of the fcene^ 
calls then fiMurtf^ and deTcribes them afterwards as nodiing but 
fuperficies, colotnrs^ and no fiibftnce. M. MAtON. 

ftatae — ] Statwt here* I Aink« ftovld be written^oMki^ 

and pronounced as it generally, if not always, was in our author's 
time, a word of three fyllabla. It beii^ the firft time this word 
occurs, I take the opportunity of obferving that alterations have 
been ofttn iaiprapariy laade in the text of SUiijjpeare* by fuppofing 
ftatue to be intended by him for a diflyllable. Thus in King 
Richard III. Aa HI. fc. vii : 

'* But like Juab jfaMTi or breaddngftones.*' 

Mr. Rowe has unoeceflaitly ckangfid hrtmtbimg to «»breathine# 
for a fuppoied defed in the metre* to an adluad violation of the 
fenfe. 

Again, ki Jviim Ctrfart AA II. fc. ii : 

** She dreamt to-night (he faw myRatue.'* 

Here, to fill up the line,^ Mr. Capell adds the name of Decius« 
and the laft editor, dcferting his ufbal caution, has improperly 
changed the reguktien of the whole paflkj^. 

Again, in ^e fame play, Adl III. fc. n : 
" Even at the bafc of Pompey's^flftr?." 

In this'Hne, however, the true mode of piDnouncing the word 
is fumfted by the kft editor, who quotes a very foi&cient authority 
for TOB ronjeoute. From authors of the times it would not be 
difficult to fill whole pages with kftaiices to prove i^attftahie was 
at that period a trifyllable. Manv authors (pell it in that manner. 
On fo clear a point the firft proof which occurs is enough. Take 
the following from MatrnitAivanetmint tf Leandngt 4to. 1633 : 
'Mt is not poflible to have the true pictures or ftatuw/t of Cyrus, 
Alexander, Csefar, no nor of the lungs or mat perfonagcs of much 
later years," &c. p. 88. Again, " ^-without which the hiftoiy 
of ^e world feemeth to be as the Suana of Polyphemus with his 
eytowt," ftc. Rbbd. 

^ your unfeeing eyes A So, in Macieth : 

•* Thou hail mffeculation in thofe eyes — .** St b av e ns.* 

T 2 



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^7& TWO GENTLEMEN 

ACTV. SCENE I. 

Tbe/ame. An Abbey. 

Enter Eglamour. 

Egl. The fun begins to gild the weftem fky; 
And now it is about the very hour 
That Silvia^ at Patrick's cell, fhould meet me.* 
She will not fail ; for lovers break not hours, 
Unlefs it be to come before their time ; 
So much they fpur their expedition. 

Enter Silvia. 

See, where (he comes : Lady, a happy evenings 

SiL. Amen, amen ! go on, good Eglamour, 
Out at the poftern by the abbey-wall ; 
I fear, I am attended by fome fpies. 

Egl. Fear not : the forefl is not three leagues off; 
If we recover that, we are fure enough.^ \Exeunt. 

S C E N E IL 

defame. An' Apartment in the Duke's Palace. 

Enter Thvkio, Proteus, andJuLiA, 

Thu. Sir Proteus, what fkys Silvia to my fuit? 

Pro. O, fir, I find her milder than Ihe was; 
And yet fhe takes exceptions at your perfbn. 
. Thu. What, that my leg is too long ? 

Pro. No; that it is too little. 

* That Silnfia, a/ Patrki's cell, JhwU mat imr.] The old copf 
Itdnndandy reads : <« — friar Patrick's cell:-.", fiut the omiffioa 
of this title is juftified by a pafla^ in the next fcene, where thtf 
Duke fays—'* At Patrick's cell this even ; and there ihe was not.** 

Stbevink 

.mmmmioxt tuwgh^ SuTf IS ikfc, out of danger. Joanftoir* 



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O F V E R O N A. ■ 277 

ThUsVU wear a boot, to make it fomewhat rounder. 
Pro. But love willnotbefpurr*d to what it loaths. 
Thu. What fays flic to my face ? 
Pro. She fays, it is a &ir one. 
Thu. Nay, then the wanton lies ; my face is black. 
Pro. But pearls are fair; and the old faying is, 
Black men are pearls in beauteous ladies* eyes.* 

^W.'Tis true,' fuch pearls as put out ladies' eyes j 
For I had rather wink than look on them. [^Afidf. 
Thu. How likes flie my difcourfe? 
Pro. Ill, when you talk of >y|ir. 
Thu^ But well, when I difgourfe df lo ve, and peace ? 
^c^L.But better, indeed, when you hold your peace. 

Thu. What fays flie to my valour ? 
Pro. O, fir, flie makes no doubt of that. 
^UL. She needs not, when flie knows it cowardice. 

Thu* What fays flie to my birth? 

Pro. That you are well derived. 

Jul. True; from a gentleman to a fool. [Afide. 

Thu. Confiders flie my pofleflions ? 

* Black flMK ere pearls, &c,] So« in He^ood'f frou Jg0p 

*< -^-m^^^ black comfkxsom 
'* li tlwBys frecious in A nvoffum*s ej^ej* 
Agun, in Sir Gilts G^o/ecaf : 
•* —— but to make every iilsrifloyenly cloud a /rtfr/Z/vi^^r^^/' ■ 

STEBVBNflt 

** AUack man is a jewel in a fiur woman's eye/' is one of Ray'9 
proveibial fentences, Malons. 

' Jul. 'Tistnie, Sec] This fpeech, which certainly belongs to 
Julia, u given in the old copy to Thurio» Mr. Rowe refto^ it 
10 its proper owner* Stbeybns, 

T3 



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378 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. 0> ay; and pitks them. 

^av* Wherefore? 

Jul. That fuch an aA (bould owe them. [Afide. 

Pro. That they are cmt by leafe/ 

yi/jL. Here comes the duke. 

£»/^r Duke. 

DuKB. How now, fir Proteus ? how now, Thurio ? 
Which of you faw fir Eglamour ' of late ? 

Thu. Notl. 



Pro. 


Nor I. 


DVXB. 


Saw you my daughter ? 


Pro. 


Neither. 



Duke. Why, then flae's fled unto that peafant 

Valentine ; 
And Eglamour is in her company. 
•Tis true ; for friar Laurence met them both. 
As he in penance wander'd through the foreft : 
Him he knew well, and guefs'd that it was flie; 
But, being maik'd, he was not furc of it : 
Befides, fee did intend confcffion 
At Patrick's cell this even; and there (he was not: 

* nat tbey are out by leafc] I fappofe he means^ bccaufe Thu- 
rio'5 folly has let them on diladvaBtageoaft tcrnii. Ste evxns. 

She pities fir Thurio's pofTeifions, becaufe they are let to others, 
and are not in his own dear hands. This af^>ears to me to be the 
meaning of it. M. Mason. 

V ByThurio's/?j^«»>he himfi^f undcrftands his lands and eftate. 
But Proteus chootes to take the word likewife in a figurative fenfe, 
as fignify ing bis mental endvwments : and when he fays they are out 
hy leafe, he means they arc no longer enjoyed by their matter (who 
is a fool,) but are leafed out to another." Edinburgh Magazine^ 
Nor. 1786. Stbivsns. 

^ Sir Eglamour — ] Sir, which is not in the old copy, was 

inferted by the editor of the fecond folio. Malonb. 
I • 



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OF VERONA. 279 

Ther« likelihoods confirm her flight from hence. 
Therefore, I pray you, ftand not to difcourfc. 
But mount you prefcntly ; and meet with me 
Upon the rifing of the mountain-foot 
That leads toward Mantua, whither they are fled : 
Difpatch, fweet gentlemen, and follow me. lExit. 

Thu. Why, this it is to be a peevifh girl,^ 
That flies her fortune when it follows her : 
ril after ; more to be revcng'd on Eglamour, 
Than for the love of recklefs Silvia.^ [Ext'L 

Pro. And I will follow, more for Silvia's love. 
Than hate of Eglamour tlut goes with her. [Exif. 

Jul. And I will follow, more to crofs that love. 
Than hate for Silvia, that is gone for love. \Exit. 

SCENE III. 

/r^/rZ/Vrj d/* Mantua. The Foreji. 

Enter Silvia, 4«i Out-laws. 

Our. Come, come; 
Be patient, we muft bring you to our captain. 

Sji. A thoufand more mifchances than this one 
Have learn'd me how to brook this patiently. 

2 Our. Come, bring her away. 

I Our. Where is the gentleman that was with her ? 

3 Our. Being nimble-fopted, he hathout^runus. 
But Moyfes, and Valerius, follow him. 

Go thou with her to the weft end of the wood, 

• a pcevilh ^/r/J Tet^ijb^ in ancient language, fignifies 

'fadljb. So, in Kinp Henry VI. P. I : 

** To fend vx^^peevijb tokens to a king/* Stee v e ns. 
^ recklefs <S//a;Mi,] i.e.carele6, heedlefs. So,inHam/ct : 

" -p*^ like a puff'd and r^fiilj/i libertine." Stb evens. 

T4 



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ago TWO GENTLEMEN 

There is our captain : we'll follow him that's fled \ 
The thicket is befet, he cannot •fcapc. 

I Out. Come, I muft bring you to bur captain's 
cave: 
Fear not ; he bears an honourable mind. 
And will not ufe a woman lawlefsly. 

SiL. O Valentine, this I endure for thee ! [Exeunl. 

S C E N E IV. 

Another pari of the Forefi. 

Enter VAtENXiNE. 

Vau How ufe doth breed a habit in a man! 
This Ihadowy defert, unfrequented woods, 
I better brook than flourifhing peopled towns ; 
Here can I fit alone, unfeen of any. 
And, to the nightingale's complaining notes^ 
Tunc my diftrefles, and record my woes.* 
O thou that doft inhabit in my breaft. 
Leave not the manfion fo long tenantlefs ; 
Left, growing ruinous, the building fall. 
And leave no memory of what it was ! ' 

« —^record ny omtj.] To record anciently fignified to Jing, 
So, in the Pilgrim^ by Beaumont and Fletcher : 

" Ofwcet, fweet! how the birds rv^n/ too ?" 

Again, in a paftoral, by N. Breton, publiihed in England's HeUeMf 
1614: 

«< Sweet Philomel, the bird that hath the heavenly throat, 
** Doth now, alas ! not once afford recording of a note." 
Again, in another Dinky by Tho. Watfon, AU: 
" Now birds fvrW with harmonie." 
Sir John Havjhns informs me, that to record lA a term ftill ufed 
by biid-fanciers, to exprefs the firft eflays of a bird in finging. 

Stievens. 
V O thon that doft inhabit in my breaft. 
Leave not the manfion Jo long tenantleft ; 
Left, growing ruinons, the building fall, 
JndUave no mtmofy of what it was 11 It is hardly poffible to 



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OF VERONA. 182 

Repair me with thy prefence^ Silvia; 
Thou gentle nymph, cherifh thy forlorn fwain I — 
What halloing, and what ftir, is this to-day ? 
Thefe are my mates, that make their wills their law. 
Have fome unhappy pafTengcr in chace : 
They love me well; yet I have much to do. 
To keep them from uncivil outrages. 
Withdraw thee, Valentine ; who's this comes here ? 

[fteps ajide. 

Enter Tkotuvs, Silvia, andJvtiA. 

Pro. Madam, this fervice I have done for you, 
(Though you refped not aught your fervant doth,) 
To hazard life, and refcue you from him 
That wou'd have forced your honour and your love. 
Vouchfafe me, for my meed, * but one fair look ; 
A fmaller boon than this I cannot beg. 
And lefs than this, I am fure, you cannot give. 

FjfL. How like a dream is this I fee and hear ! 
Love, lend me patience to forbear a while. [^AJide. 

SiL. O miferable, unhappy that I am ! 

Pro. Unhappy were you, madam, ere I came; ' 
But, by my coming, I have made you happy. 



point oat fourlinesj in any of the plays of Shakfpeare^ more re- 
markable for eafe and elegance. Stbeve ns. 

And leave no memory tfnvbai it twos /] So, in ft^lowe's yew 
of Malta: 

** And leave no memory ttat e'er I was." Ritson. 
• wy meed»] i. e. reward. So, in Trtut Animnicus: 

«« thanks^ to men 

*' Of noble minds, is honoarable meeiJ* Stsbtins. 
Again, in Gammer GnrtoiCs Needle ^ ^STS* 

" O Chrift! that I were fure of it! in faith he fhould have 
his mede." ^ 

See alfo Spenfer, and almoft every writer of the timet. Kb ed. 



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2S2 tWo gentlemen 

SiL. By thy approach thou. iiiak*ft me moft un- 
happy. 

yuL. And mc, when he approacheth to your 
prefence. [Afide. 

SiL. Had I been feiised by a hungry lion, 
I would have been a breakfaft to the beaft. 
Rather than have falfe Proteus refcuc me. 
0> heaven be judge, how I love Valentine, 
Whofe life's as tender to me as my Ibul ; 
And full as much (for more there cannot be,) 
I do deteft falfe perjured Proteus : 
Therefore be gone, folicit me no more. 

Pm o.What dangerous adion, flood it next to death. 
Would I not undergo for one calm look ? 
O, *tis the curfe in love, and flill approv'd,^ 
When women cannot love where they're belov'd. 

SiL. When Proteus cannot love where he's 
belov'd. 
Read over Julia's heart, thy firft befl love. 
For whofe dear fake thou didft then rend thy faith 
Into a thoufand oaths ; and all thofe oaths 
Defcended into perjury, to love me. 
Thou haft no faith left now, unlefs thou had'ft two. 
And that's far worfc than none ; better have none 
Than plural faith, which is too much by one : 
Thou counterfeit to thy true friend ! 

Pro. In love. 

Who refpedls friend? 

SiL. All men but Proteus. 

Pro. Nay, if the gentle fpirit of moving words 
Can no way change you to a milder form, 
I'll woo you like a foldier, at arms' end ; 
And love you 'gainft the nature of love, force you. 

9 ^^^-^attd ^ill ZfpiQy'd,] Jffrov'dis/elf^ exftrienced. 

Maloni. 



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OF VERONA. a83 

Ssi. O heaven! 

Pro. I'll force thee yield to my defire. 

FjtL. Ruffian^ let go that rude uncivil touch ; 
I'hou friend of an ill falhion ! 

Pro. Valentine! 

FjL. Thou common friendt thafs without faith 
or love ; * 
(For fuch is a friend now,) treacherous man ! 
Thou haft beguil'd my hopes ; nought but mine eye 
Could have perfuaded me : Now I dare not fay 
I have one friend alive ; thou would'ft difprove me. 
Who fliould be trufted now, when one's right hand* 
Is perjured to the bofom? Proteus, 
I am forry, I muft never truft thee more. 
But count the world a ftranger for thy fake. 
The private wound is deepeft:^ O time, mod 

curft! 
•Mongft all foes, that a friend Ihould be the worft f 

• -.i^ that's nmAwtfiuA or hve ;] Tiai'i it periiaps bexe afed» 
JK>t for wh if, bat fot idefi, thai u to Jay. Malovk* 

S Who JhomU he trufted wyw^n/oben one' i right band -^ The word 
mow 18 wanting in the firft folio* Stbbve ns. 

The fecond folio^ to complete the metre, reads : 

«* Who (hall be trufted now, when one's right hand^r— " 

The addition, like a/I thofe made in that copy, appears to 
have been merelv arbitrary ; and the modem word [own, which 
was introduced by Sir T. Hanmer] is, in my opinion, more likely 
to have been the author's than the other. Ma lone. 

What ! •* aOat one fell fwoopl" arc thc)r all arbitrary, when 
Mr. ^Jone has honoured fo many of them with a place in his text ? 
Being completely (atisfied with the reading of the fecond folio, I 
have followed it. Stebvbns. 

4 ThofrivaU wound, &c.] I have a little mended the meafuit* 
The old edition, and all but Sir T. Hanmer*s, read : 

** The frigate wound is deepeft : O time moft accurs'd." 

Johnson. 
Deepeft, higbeft, and Other fimilar words, were fcmietimes ufe^ 
by the poets of Shakfpeare's age as monofyllabks. 



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184 TWO GENTLEMEN 

Pro. My fliame and ^It confounds me.r-* 
Forgive mc, Valentine: if hearty forrow 
Be a fufiicient ranfom for offence, 
I tender it here ; I do as truly fuffer^ 
As e'er I.did commit. 

FjtL. Then I am paid ; 

And once again I do receive thee honeft :— 
Who by repenunce is not fatisfy*d» 
Is nor of heaven, nor earth; for thefe are pleas 'd; 
By ocnitence the Eternal's wrath's appeas'd : — 
And, that my love may appear plain and free. 
All that was mine in Silvia, I give thee.' 

So« in oor poet's 133d Sonnet: 

•• Bot flave to flavcry myjkmetefi friend moft be." Malonc, 

Perhaps oor author only wrote— .''/uv^f/' which the tranfcriber, 
or pnnter» prolonged into die fi^erlatiTC^'* fweet^." Stbbvins. 

' AU^ that njoat mitu m Silvia, I gnfe tbee*'] It is (I think) very 
odd, to give op his miftiels thas at onoe, without any Teafoo 
ulledeed. Bat oar author probably followed the ftories joft as he 
foonS them in his novels as well as hiftories. Popb. 

Hiis paflage rither hath been much fc^hifticafeed, or is onejmat 
proof that the main parts of this pby did not proceed bom Saak^ 
ipeare; for it is ixapolSlblt he couid make Valentin^ aft and {yak. 
io much oat of charaAer, or give to Silvia fo unnatural a behavioa^ 
9A to take no noticeof this ftiange conceffion, if it had beenmade. 

Hanmer. 

Valentine, from feeing Sihna^ in the company of Proteus, night 
coQceive (he had efoqped with him from her fattier's court, for the 
purpofe^ of love, though (he could not foiefee the violence which 
nis viUainy might oflcr, after he had feduced her under the pre«- 
tence of an hoi^ paffion. If Valentine, however, be fuppofed to 
hear all that paflcd oetwcen them in this foene, I am afraid I have 
only to fnbfcribe to the opinions of my predecefibn. Stbevbhs. 

I give thee,'] Transfer thefc two lines to the end of 
Thurio's fpeech in page 287, and all b neht. Why then fhould 
JaHa fidnt ? It is only an artifice, feeine Silvia given up to Va- 
lentine, to difcover herfelf to Proteus, oy a pretended mifbdce dP 
the rines. One great £iult of this plav is tbe haftenin^ too abruptly, 
and wimout due preparation, to the denouement, which ihews that« 
if it be Shakfpeare^s (which I cannot doubt,) it ws 



early performances. Blackstonb. 



twasoneof bisveiy 



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^ OF VERONA. 2is 

Jul. O mc, unhappy ! IFaints. 

Pro* Look to the boy. 

rjL. Why, boy ! why wag ! how now ? what is 
the matter? 
Look up; fpeak. 

Jul. O good fir, my mafter charged me 

To deliver a ring to madam Silvia; ^ 
Which, out of my ncgleft, was never done. 

Pro. Where is that ring, boy? 

Jul. Here 'tis : this is it. [Gives a ring. 

Pro. How ! let me fee : * 
Why this is the ring I gave to Julia^ 

Jul. O, cry you mercy, fir, I have miftook ; 
This is the ring you fent to Silvia. 

[Shows another ring. 

Pro. But, how cam'ft thou by this ring? at my 
depart, 
I gave this unto Julia. 

Jul. And Julia herfelf did give it me ; 
And Julia herfelf hath brought it hither. 
Pro. How! Julia! 
Jul. Behold her that gave aim to all thy oaths,* 

4 Tc dg^Yeiarhfgr to Madam Sihna;] Study oar andior wxoce—^ 
^ To give a ring," Sec. A verfe to nig^ rnnft be one of diofc 
connpted by the playen» or their tranfcnber. Stbeybns. 

^ Pro. How/ let me fee: &c.} X lolpeA that this anmetrical 
paflage ihould be regulated as follows : 

Fro. Howl letmefeei/: ^^y» this is the ring 
I gave to Jnlia. 

Jul. 'Cry vou mercy, fir, 
I have miftook : this is the ring yon fent 
To Silria. 

Fro. Bnthowcam'ftthoabythis? 
At my depart, I gave this nnto Julia. Stbbv i ns» 
* BeMd her that gare aiin to all tfy oatbsA So, in Tiiut Aniro- 
«im, AaV. fciii: 

«* But gentle people^ giveiofi aim a while.'* 



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a8^ TWO GENTLEMEN 

And eniertain'd them deeply in her heart : 
How oft haft thou with perjury cleft the root ?^ 
O Proteus^ let this habit make thee bluih ! 
Be thou afham^d, that I have took upon me* 
Such an immodeft rayment; if fhame live^ 
In a difguife of love : 
It is the leffer blot, modefty finds. 
Women to change their Ihapes, than men their 
minds. 

Pro. Than men their minds ! 'tis true : O heaven ! 

were man 
But conftant, he were per&d : that one error 
Fills him with faults ; makes him run through all 

fins: 
Inconftancy falls off, cr€ it begins : 
What is in Silvia's fiice, but I may fpy 
More frefh in Julia's with a conftant eye ? 
Val. Come, come, a hand from either : 
Let me be bleft to make this happy clofe ; 
*Twere pity two fuch friends ihould be long foes* 

Pro. Bear witnefs^ heaveuj I have my wi(h for 

ever. 

yuL. And I have mine.' 



BodithefepaffiigesaUiide to the ^M^rvr in afdiery* So»itt72r 
Merry Wivn rf Wmdfir^ AaiU. fe. tt : « —all my n^tmn 
tbsMcfyaim.'' See note, xiadL Stibtins. 

leads — c/e/t the root on't. Jomvson. 

^^.^^cirfttbe root?] i. e. of her heart. Malohb. 
1 -i— .^(hame Iroe — ] That is, if it be wtj Jbame io wear it 
dijguife for the furpf^et of lovem Johnson* 

* And I have mineS^ The old copy reads— « 

** And I mine." 
I have iaferted the word havet which ii ntccflacy to iaetre> by 

<be advice of Mr. Ri(fi>B. Stbsvsns* 



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OF VERONA. a»7 

Enter OuNlaws^ with Duke Md Thurio, 

Our^ A prize, a prize, a prize I 

Val. Porbestf, I lay t it is my lord the duke.^ 

Your grace is welcome to a man difgrac'd, 

Baniflred Valentine. 

DuKB. Sir Valentine ! 

Tuu. Yonder is Silvia; and Silvia's mine/ 

Val. Thurio give back, or dfc embrace thy 
death; 
Come not within the meafure ' of my wrath : 
Do not name Silvia thine ; if once again, 
Milan fhall not behold thee.' Here Ihe Hands, 
Take but polTeffion of her with a touch ; — 
I dare thee but to breathe upon my love,— 

Tnu. Sir Valentitie, I care not for her, I ; 
I hold him but a fool, that will endanger 
His body for a girl that loves him not : 
I claim her not, and therefore (he is thine. 

Duke. The more degenerate and bafe art thou. 



5 Forbear,///;; it is my lord the dukeJ] The old copy, without 
xcgaid to metre, repeats the word forbear, which is here omitted. 

Steeybns. 

a — xA^ meafure — ] The length of my fword, the reach of 
my anger* Johnson. 

I M\\ttL/bailwot bebMfboe.'] All the 9distiofiih--FeronaMl not 
UMdthn. But, whether through the miHake of the firft editors, 
or the poet's own aoMSacA, tine leading is ab&fdly faulty. For 
the threat here is to Hiario, wko is a A^aaeTe; and has no con- 
cern, at it appears, with VcioBa. Befides, the fceae it betwixt 
die confines of Milan and Mantua, to which Silvia follows 
Valentine, having heard that he had retreated thither. And, 
9pon thcfe circumftances, I ventured to adjuft the text, as I ima^ 
gme the poet muft have intended ; i. e. Milan, rh country JhaU 
nrver fee thee again : thou Jhalt ne^er live to go lack thither* 

TiisoaA|.D. 



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igg TWO GENTLEMEN 

To make fuch means for her as thou haft done/ 

And leave her on fuch flight conditions. — 

Now, by the honour of my anceftry, 

I do applaud thy fpirit, Valentine, 

And think thee worthy of an emprefs' love.* 

Know then, I here forget all former griefs/ 

Cancel all grudge, repeal thee home again.—- 

Plead a new ftatc ^ in thy uprival'd merit. 

To which I thus fubfcribe, — fir Valentine, 

Thou art a gentleman, and well dcriv'd ; 

Take thou thy Silvia, for thou haft deferv'd her. ^ 

Val. I thank your grace ; the gift hath made mc 
happy. 
I now befeech you, for your daughter's fake. 
To grant one boon that I fhall alk of you. 

Duke. I grant it, for thine own, whatever it be. 

Val. Thcfe banifh*d men, that I have kept withal. 
Arc men endued with worthy qualities ; 
Forgive them what they have committed here. 
And let them be recalled from their exile : 
They are reformed, civil, full of good. 
And fit for great employment, worthy lord. 

Duke. Thou haft prevailed : I pardon them, and 
thee; 

4 To make fuch means >^ beras tb^ haft tbne^} i. e. to make 
fuch intexeft for, to take mch difingennoua pains about her. So« in 
King Richard III: 

** One that MA^Mnnrx to come by what he hath.'* 

STBBVBirf. 

5 And think thee worthy of an emprds' love.] This thongiit has 
already occurred in the fourth fcene of the fecond ad: 

*' lAtUz^i'wortfyfiraMemfre/s^ love*' Stbbvbns* 

^ all firmer griefs,] Griefs in old language ficquendy figni* 

^icA grievances, nvrongs* Malonb. 

7 Plead a nennftate — ] Should not this begin a new fentence ^ 
^Uad is the fame as plead thtm. Tt& w H i tt. 

I have fidlowed Mr. Tyrwhitt's direOion. Stbbtbni. 



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OF VERONA. 289 

Dilpofe of them^ as thou know'fl their deferts. 
Come, let us go ; we will include all jars * 
With triumphs,' mirth, and rare folemnity. 

Vau And, as we walk along, I dare be bold 
With our difcourfe to make your grace to fmile : 
What think you of this page, my lord ? 

DvKE. I think the boy hath grace in him; he 
blufhes. 

Val. I warrant you,.my lordi more grace than 
boy. 

Duke. What mean you by that faying ? 

Val. Pleafc you, V\\ tell you as we paft along. 
That you will wonder, what hath fortuned. — 
Come, Proteus ; 'tis your penance, but to hear 
The ftory of your loves difcovered : 
That done, our day of marriage Ihall be yours ; 
One feaft, one houfe, one mutual happinefs^ 

• —include all jars -^1 Sir Tho. Hanmer iead»— ^mrr/«dSp. 

JORNBOK. 

To include is to/tutuf, to comclmU^ So, in Macheth: 

" and>&f/w/ 

*• In meafurelefs content/' 
Again, in Spcnfer's Fofty Siueen^ B. IV. c. ix : 

** And for to Jbutuf all in friendly lore." STSBTENi* 
9 With triam{>hs4] Triumphs in this and nuuay other paiTi^ of 
Sbakfpeare, fignifyMafqnesandHevels^&c, So, iskK. Henry VL 

** With ftatdy irium/hs, mirthful oomic fhows." 

Stbivvvts* 

* In this play there is a ftrange raixtore of knowledge and igno^ 
ranee, of care and n^igence. The verfification is often ekcelleot, 
the aUufions are learned and juft i but the author conreys his heroes 
by fea from one inland town to another in the fame country ; h* 
places the emperor at Milan, and fends his young men to attend 
Mm, but never mentions him more ; he makes Protetts^ after tA 
hiterview with Silyia, fay he has only ieen hev pi^rc 1 and, if wt 

Vol. III. U 



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290 TWO GENTLEMEN 

miy credit the old comes, he has, by iniftakin|^ places, left Ais 
fcenery inextricable. The reafon of all this conrafion feems to be, 
that he took his ftory from a novel, which he fometimes followed, 
and fometimes forfook, fometimes remembered, and fometimeB 
forgot. 

That this play is rightly attributed to Shakf[>carc, I have littk 
doubt* If it DC taken from him, to whom ihall it be given ? This 
queftion may be alked of all the difputed plays, except Titut An* 
dronicm\ and it will be found more credible, that Shakfpeare 
might fometimes fink below his higheft flights, than that any other 
(hould rife up to his lowefl. Johnson. 

Johnfon's general remarks on this play are jufl, except that part 
in which he arraigns the coAdu^ of the poet, for makm^ Proteus 
fay, that he had only feen the pi^ure of Silvia, when it appears 
tliat he had had a perfonal interview with her. This, however, is not 
a blunder of Shakfpeare's, but a miflake of Johnfon's, who confi- 
ders the pafTage alluded to in a more literal fenfe than the audior 
intended it. Sir Proteus, it is tnie, had feen Silvia for a few 
moments ; but though he could form from thence fome idea of her 
perfon, he was flill unacquainted with her temper, manners, and 
the qualities of her mind. He therefore confiders himfelf at 
having feen her ^i^ure only. — ^The thought is jufl, and el^^tlj 
txpr^ed. — So, m I'be Scornful Lady^ tEe elder Lovelefs fays to 
her: 

'' I was mad once when I loved piSutes ; ' 

*• For what are fhapc and colours elfe, \x\x\. piavres f* 

M. Mason. 

Mr. Ritfon's reply to the objedlions of Mr. Tyrwhitt, was not 
only too long to appear in its* proper place, but was communicated 
too late to follow the note on which it is founded. Stbbvbns. 

Pro. O, hono this fpring 0/ lonje refembleth, lie. pp. 191^ 

192* 193* 

The learned and refpedlable writer of thefe obfervations is now 
unfortunatehr no more ; but his opinions will not on that account 
have lefs influence with the readers of Shakfpeare : I am therefore 
flill at liberty to enforce the juflice and propriety of my own fen- 
timents, which I truft I (hall be found to do witn all poffible deli- 
cacy and refpe^ toward the memory and chamber of the truly 
ingenious gentleman from whom I have the misfortune to difier. I 
humbly conceive that, upon more mature confideration, Mr. Tyr- 
whitt would have admitted, that, if the propofed method of print* 
ing the words in queftioki were once proved to be rignt, it 
would be of little confequence whether the difeovety had ever 
been << adopted before," or could " be followed in the pronuncia- 
tion of them> without the help of an entire new fyilem of fpdling :'* 



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OF VERONA: 291 

wbisiif m Gift, is the very objcA I mean to contend for ; or rather 
for a Arftem of fpelling, as I am perfedly confident we have none 
at prdent, or at leaft I have never been able to find it. We are 
not to regard the current or faihionable orthography of the day» at 
the refult of an enquirv into the fubjed hy^ men of learning and 
genius ; but rather as tfie nipchanical or capricious efforts of writers 
and printers to exprefs by letters, according to their ear, the vulgar 
ipeech of the country, tuil as travelers attempt that of the Chick* 
iaws or Cherokees, without the afiiftance of grammar, and utterly 
ignorant] or regardlefs of confiftency, principle, or fyftem. This 
was the cafe in Caxton's time, when a word was fpeUed almoft as 
many difierent ways as it contained letters, and is no otherwife at 
this day ; and, perhaps, the prejudices of education and habit, 
even in minds fufficiently expuided and vigorous on other fubjedb» 
will always prevent a reform, which it were to be wifhed was 
neceflarv to obje^s of no higher importance. Whether what I call 
the Hgit metM of printing thefe words be *' fuch as was never 
adopted before hy any moital," or not, does not feem of much 
confequence; for, reafoning from principle and not precedent, I 
am by no means anxious to avail myfelf of the inconfiftencies of 
an a« in which even fcholars were not always agreed in the ortho* 
graphy of their own name : a fufficient number of inftances will» 
however, occur in the courfe of this note to (hew that the remaric 
was not made with its author's ufual deliberation ; which I am the 
rather difpofed to believe, from his conceiving that this method 
could not ** be followed in pronunciation ;" fince were it univer* 
lally adopted, pronunciation neither would nor poflibly could be 
aflfeded by it in any degree whatever. *' Fanciful and unfounded" 
too as, my '' fupppied canon" may be, I find it laid down in Ben 
Jonfon's Grammar^ which exprefsly fays that ** the fecond and 
third perfon fingular of the prefent are made of the firft by adding 
ffi and eth, which laft is fometimes (hortened into s." And after- 
ward, fpeaking of the firft conjugation, he tells us that ** it fetch- 
eth the time ^ from the j)refent by adding ed.'* I ihall have 
reafon to think myfelf peculiarly unfortunate, if, after my h3rpothefit 
is " allowed in its utmoft extent," it will not prove what it was 
principally formed to do, nnz. that Shakfpeare has not^ taken a 
liberty in extending certain words to fuit the purpofe of his metre. 
But, furely, if I prove that he has only given thofe words as thev 
ought to be written, I prove the whole of my pofition, which 
fhould ceafe, of courfe, to be termed or confidoed an hy^othefis. , 
A mathematical problem may, .at firft fight, appear ** &nciful and 
unfounded" to the ableft madiematician, but his affent is enfured 
by its demonftration. I may fafislv admit that the words in quef- 
tion are ** more frequently ufed" oy our author's contemporaries, 
and by himfelf, «< without the additional fyllaUe;" as this will 
only miw that his contemporaries and himfolf have ** more fre* 

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292 TWO GENTLEMEN 

quently*' taken' die liberty of ihortening thofe words, tfam wAitea 
them at length. Such a word as alarm'd, for inftance, is eencral- 
ly, perhaps conftantly, ufed by poets as a diifyllable ; and yet* if 
we found it given with its fiill power a^Iarm-ed, we (hould fcarcdy 
fay that the writer had taken the libernr of lengdienin^ it a 
(vllable. Thus too the word diamond is dnally (poken as if two 
lyllables, bat it is certainly three, and is fo property given bjr 
Shakfpeare : 

<* Sir, I muft have that diamoud ixom you/' 
Hadft is now a monofyllable, bat did our audior therefore take a 
liberty in writing Hadeftf 

•* Makes ill deeds done. Hadefi tfaoo not been by/' 
Not only this word-, but tmtfefi^ dtieft, doeth, and the like are 
uniformly printed in the 6ihU as diifyllables. Does Butler, to 
ferve his rnime, ftretch out the word bftthrem in die following 
paflage ^ 

** And fierce auxiliary men, 

" That came to aid their ^fr/i^Mr/' 
Or does he not rather give it, as he found it pronounced, and 
as it ought to be printed ? The word idly is ftill more to the pur* 
pofe : It is at prefent a diiTyllable ; what it was in Shakipeare'i 
time may appear from his Comedy of Errors^ 1625 : 

" God helpe poore foules how idUly doe they talk :'*^ ^ 
or, indeed, from any other paflaee in that or the next edition, 
being confUntly printed as a tri^llable. So, again in Spenfer's 
Ftiery^tutne, 1609, 1611: 

«« Both flaring fierce, and holdinp; idUly:* 
And this orthogra^y, which at once illuflrates and fupports my 
fyftem, appears in Snelton's Don ^ixote. Sir T. Smith's Common*- 
nvealtb^ Goulart's Hiftories, Holinlhed's Chronicle^ and numberleft 
Other books; and coniequently proves that the word was not 
ftretched out by Spenier to fiiit die purpofe of his metre, though I 
am aware that it is mifipelled idtly in the firft edidon, which is left 
corredly printed. But the true and eflablifhed fpdling might have 
led Mr. Seward and Dr. Farmer to a better reading than gentily^ sa 
die following line of Beaumont and Fletcher : 

^' For when the weft wind courts her ^M//^/' 
Proved, I fuppofe, is rarely found a diiTyllable in poetry, if 
tren pronounced as one in profe; but, in the Artichi of Religion, 
Oxford, 1728, it is fpelled and divided after my own heart: 
•f .^whatfoever is not read therein, nor may be prove-^d f^berAyp 
tec/* The words obfervaHon and aJtSion are ufuadlv prononncra, 
the one as coniifling of three, the other of four fyllaUes, but each 
of diem is in reality a fyUable longer^ uid is fo properly gxvea by 
our author: 

** With oB/ervation, the which he vents :** 

<* Yet have I fierce afiaiom, and think/' 
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O F V E R O N A. 293 

Examples, indeed, of dot nature would be endleis; I (hall 
therefore content my&lf with jprodncing oae more, from the old 
ballad of The ChiUrem m the Weed: 

** Yoo that eaccntors be made, 
•* And 0v^i^rr eke." 

In this paflase the word weffeers is eWdentljr and property ufed 
as a quadnfyllable; and, in one black letter copy of the bidlad, is 
accurately printed as fuch, overfieers ; which, if Shakfpeare's ortho« 
graphy (hinild e?er be an editor's ofageA, may fenre as a guide for 
the regulation of the following line : 

<« That high alt./eer iSat I dallied with." 

Of the words quoted by Mr. Tyrwfaitt, as inftances of the iibertr 
tappo&A to have been taken by Shakipcare, thofe which I admK 
10 be properly a fyllable (horter, certamhr obtained the fame pro- 
nnnciation in the age of this author which he has annexed to dienu 
Thus eomttiy, mtmfirousy rememhnaue^ ^jffembiy9 were not only pro*- 
nounced, in his time, the two ^xSt as three, the other z&four fyllables^ 
but are fo ftill ; and the reafon, to borrow Mr. Tyrwhitt's words, 
*< muft be obvious to every one who can pronounce the language." 
Henry was not only nfually pronounced, (as indeed it is at prefent,) 
but frequently written as a trifyllable ; even in profe. Thus in 
Dr. Hutton's Di/courfe om the Jntipnties of Oxford^ at the end of 
Heame's Textut Koffeufis, '* King Henety the eights colledge." Se^ 
upon thb fubjedl, WedliJH Grammatical p. 57. That Mr. Tvrwhitt 
ihould have treated the words ^^^ hamhler, nobler, ufed as tri- 
Arllables, among thofe which could " receive no fupport from the 
iuppofed canon," muft have been owing to the obfcnre or imperfect 
manner in which I attempted to explain it ; as thefe are^ unluckily, 
fome of the identical inftances which the canon, if a canon it muft 
be, is purpofely made to fupport, or, rather, by which it is to be 
fupported: an additional proof that Mr. Tjrwhitt, though he 
nueht think it proper to reprobate my dodnne as ** fanciful and 
expounded," did not give himfelf the trouble to underftand it. 
Hiis canon, in (hort, is nothing but a moft plain and fimple rule 
of Engliih gramma^, which has* in fubftance, at leaft, bsen re* 
peated over and over : — ^Every word, compounded- upon the prin- 
ciples of the Enelifli or Saxon language, always preferves its roots 
unchanged : a ru& which, like all others, may be liable to exceptions, 
but I am aware of none at prefent. Thus hnmhUr and nobler, 
for inftance, are compofed by the adjeAives humble, noble, and 
er, the fign of the comparative decree ; angiy, of the noun anger, 
and^ the Saxon adjedbve termination 13. ]!n the de of all thefe, 
as trifyllablesy Shakfpeare is moft corred ; and that he is no lefs fo 
in England, which ufed to be pronounced as three fyliables, and 
is fo ftill, indeed, by thofe who do not acquire the pronunciation 
of their mother tongue from the books of purblind pedants, who 

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394 TWO GENTLEMEN 

want themfelvcs the idbottan they pretend to rive^ will be erident 
from the etymology and divifion of the word, tne criteria or touch^ 
Aones of orthography. Now, let us divide England as we pleafe, 
or as we can, we fiiall produce neither its roots nor its meanine; 
for what can o;ie make of the land of the Engs or the gland of me 
EnsP but write it as it ought to be written, and divide it as it 
ought to be divided, En^gle-land, (indeed it will divide itfelf, for 
there is no other way) aivl you will have the fenfe and derivation of 
the word, as well as the origin of the nation, at firft fight; from the 
Saxon Gn^la lanba, the land or country of the Envies or Angles i 
juft as Scotland^ Ireland^ Finland^ Lapland^ which neither ignorance 
nor pedantry has been able to corrupt, defign the countiy of the 
Scot, the Ine, the Fin, and the Lap : and yet in fpite of all u&fe and 
reafon, about half the words in the language are m the fame aukward 
and abfurd predicament, than which nothing can be more diftorted 
and unnatural ; as, I am confident it muft have appeared to Mr. 
Tyrwhitt, had he voluntarily turned his attention that way, or 
aAually attempted, what he haftily thought would be very eafy» 
to ihew that this ** fuppofed canon was quite fanciful and unfound- 
ed ;" or, in ihort, as it will appear to any perfon, who tries to fub- 
jedl the language to the rules ot fyllabication, or in plainer Engliih 
to fpell his words ; a taik which, however ufeful, and even necef- 
fary, no Didionary-maker has ever dared to attenipt, or, at leaft, 
found it poflible to execute. Indeed, the fame kmd of objeAion 
which Mr. Tyrwl^tt has made to my fyftem might be, and, no 
doubt, has, by fuperficial readers, l3een frequently made to bit 
own, of inferting the final fyllable in the genitives Fenens's, 
The/fus'j, Venus s, ox's, ajs's, St. James's, Thomas's, Wallis's, &c. 
and printing, as ke has done, Feneujes, Thefeufes, Vemtfes, oxes, 
ajfes, St, Jamejes, Thoma/es, Wallifes\ an innovation neither leis 
fing^ar nor more juft, than the one I am contending for, in the 
conjugation, or uie in compofition, of refemhle, nunftle, qjobiftle^ 
tickle, &c. But, as I am confcious that / bum day^ligbt, fo my 
readers are probably of opinion that tbe game is not njuortb tbe can* 
die : I (hall, therefore, take the hint ; and, to fhew how much or 
little one would have occafion, in adopring my fyftem, to deviate 
from the orthography at prefent in ule, I beg leave, in the few 
words I add, to introduce that which, as a confiderable eafy and 
lading improvement, I wi(h to fee eftablifhed. Tedious, then, as 
my note has become, and imperfect as I am oblieeed to leave it, I 
flatter myfelf I have completely juftifyed this divtneeft of authors 
from the ill founded charge of racking his words, as die tyrant did 
his captives. I hope too I have, at the fame ^ime, made it appear 
that there is fomethine radically defecdve^ and erroneous in the 
vulgar methods of fpelling, or rather mififpelling ; which requires 
correction. A lexicographer of eminence and abilitys will have it 



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OF VERONA. 295 

very mach in his power to introduce a fyftematical reforms which, 
once eftablifhed, would remain unvaryed and invariable as long as 
the language endureed. This Dr. Johnfon might have had the 
honour of : but» learned and eloquent as he was» I muft be per- 
mited to think that a profound knowlege of the etymolo^, 
principles, and formation of the language he undertook to explain, 
was not in the number of thofe many excellencys for which he will 
be long and defenreedly admireed. Ritson, 



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MERRY WIVES 



O F 



WINDSOR.* 



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* Me&kt Wives op Windsoe.] A few of the incidents 
in this comedy might have been taken from fome old tranflation of 
// Pecorone by Giovanni Fiorentino. I have lately met with the 
fame ftoiy in a very contemptible performance, intitled. The for" 
ttatate^ the deceived^ and the unfortunate Lovers, Of this book» as 
I am told, there are feveral impreffions ; but that in which I read 
it, was publifhed in 1652* quarto. A fomewhat fimilar ftory 
occurs in Piacevoli Notti di Stratarola, Nott. 4*. Fav. 4*. 

This comedy was firft entered at Sutioners' Hall, Jan. i8> i6oij 
by John Bu(by. Stssvens. 

This play ihould be read between AT. Henry IV. and K. Henry V. 

Johnson. 

A paflace in the firft Iketch of The Merry Whves of Windfor (hews, 
I think, mat it ought rather to be read between the Fhfi and the 
Second Part of King Henry IF, in the latter of which young Henry 
becomes king. In the laft aA, Falftafffays : 

" Heme the hunter, quoth you ? am I a ghofl ^ 

" 'Sblood, the £uries hath made a ghoft of me* 

^ What, hunting at this time of night ! 

** ne lay my life the madfrince of Wales 

«« Is ftealing his father's deaie." 
and in this play, as it now appears, Mr. Pa^ difcountenances the 
addrefles of Fenton to his dau^ter, bccaufe '' he keeps company 
with the wiiifrince, and with Foins.*' 

ne FijShffife's Tale of Brainford in 'WusrwAKD for smelts, 
a book which Shakfeeare aj[^pcars to have 'read, (having borrowed 
from it part of the fable otCymMine,) probably led him to lay the 
fcene of Falftaff's love-adventures at Windfor. It begins thus : ** In 
Windfor not long agoe dwelt a fumpterman, who had to wife a 
very £dre but wanton creature, over whom, not without caufe, 
he was fomething jealms ; yet had Jic never any pro<^ pf her in- 
conftancy." 

The reader who is curious in fuch matters, may find the ftory of 
The Lovers of Pifa, mentioned by Dr. Farmer in the following note, 
at the end df this play. Malonb. 

The adventures of Falftaffixi this play feem to have been taken 
from the ftory of The Lovers of Fifa^ in an old piece, called 
•* TarUton's Nenves out of Purgatorie" Mr, Capdl pretended to 
much knowledge of this fort ; and I iun forry that it proved to be 
only pretenfion^ . 

Mr. Wartott obferves, in a note to the laft Oxford edition, that 
the play was probably not written, as we now have it, before 1 607, 
at the earlieft. I aeree with my very ingenious friend in this fup- 
pofition, but yet the argument here produced for it may not be 
conclufive. Slender obferves to mafter Page^ that his greyhound 



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m)at out^rmt 09 Cot/ale [CotfiwcU- Hills in Qkucejleijhirt\ \ and Mr« 
Wartw thinks, that the games ^ eftablifhed there by Captain Dwer 
in the beginning of K. James* s reign, are alloded to.— ^ut perhaps^ 
though the Captain be celebrated in the Annalia Duhreufia as the 
foimder of them, he might be the reviver only, or fome way con- 
tribute to make them more £imous ; for in The Second Part tf 
Henry IV. 1600, Juftice Shallow reckons among the S-winge buck- 
lers, ** WillSqueele, a Cot/ole mam:' 

In the firft edition of the imperfed play, fir Hugh Et/atts is 
called on the title paM, the fVelch Knight ; and yet there arc fome 
perfons who ftill afie^ to believe, that all our author's plays were 
originally publiflied by him/elf. Farmer. 

Dr. Fanner's opinion is well fupported bjr " An ecloinie on 
the noble aflemblies re'vvved on Cotfwold HiUs, by Mr. Robert 
Dover." See Randolph's Poems, printed at Oxford, 4to. 1638, 
p. 114^ The hills of Cafwold, in GUuceJUr/hire, are mentioned 
in K. Richard IL A^ IL ic. iii. and by Drayton, in his Poljolbton^ 
long 14. Stbbvbns. 

Queen Elizabeth was fo well pleafed with the admirable charac- 
ter oF FalftaflF in The Ttvo Parts of Henry IF. that, as Mr. Rowc 
informs us, (he commanded Shakipeare to continue it for one play 
more, and to fliew him in love. To this command we owe The 
Merry Wiwes of Windfor\ which, Mr. Gildon fays, [iJwwari/ on 
Shakfpeare's plap, 8vo. 17 10,] he was very well idTured our au- 
thor nnilhed in a fortnight. JBut this muft be meant only of the 
firft imperfed iketch of this comedy. An old quarto edition which 
I have fcen, printed in 1602, fays, in the title-page, — As it hath 
been divers times a&ed before her majefiy^ and el/e<where. This, 
which we have here, was dtered and improved by the author almoft 
an every fpeech. Pope. Theobald. 

Mr. Gildon has likewife told us, ** that our author's houfe at 
Stratford bordered on the Church-yard, and that he wrote the 
fcene of the Ghoft in Hamlet there." But neither for this, or 
the aflertion that the phy before us was written in a fortnight, 
does he quote anv autnority. The latter circumftance was firft 
mentionea by Mr. Dennis. ** This comedy," fays he, in h^ 
Epiftle Dedicatory to The Comical Gallant, (an alteration of the 
prefent phiy,) 1702, ** was written at her [Queen Elizabeth's] 
command, and by her diredion, and (he was fo eager to fee 
it a£bd, that (he commanded it to be fini(hed in fourteen days ; 
and was afterwards, as tradition tells us, very well pleafed at 
the reprefentation." The information, it is probable, came ori- 
nnally from Dryden, who from his intimacy with Sir William 
Davenant had an opportunity of learning many particulars con- 
cerning our author* 



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. At what period Shakfpeaie neir-modelkd Tie Mmy Wivtt rf 
ITiK^r is niiKnowD. I bdieve it W9s enlarged in 1603. Seefiune 
coiudtores on the fubjedl in the Ammu ^afctrtam the 9rdir rf bm 
flajs.VoLl. Malomb.V^ i>i^/^ — 53/ 

It is not genenUy know^> that thei^rft edition of The Menj 
Wi*uet 0/ fri/id/or, in its prefent ftate« is in the valuable (blio, 
printed 162^, from whence the qnarto of die fame play^ dated 
i6$o, was evidently copied. Hie two earlier quartos* 1602* and 
i6i9» only exhibit this comedy as it was originally written, and 
arc fo hi curioas, as they contain Shakfpeare's firft conceptiona 
in ferming a drama, which is the moft complete fpeciraen of his 
eomick powers. T. WAaroM, 



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ipERSONS reprefented. 

Sir John FalftafF^ 

Fenton. 

Shallow, a country Jujlice. 

Slender, cotifin to Shallow. 

Mr* pre* } ^«^^^^»^'^^^«^^^/'«-g:^' Windfon 

William Page, a hy, /on to Mr. Page. 

Sir Hugh Evans, a IVelcb par/on. 

Dr. Caius, a French phyfician. 

Hoft oftbe^ Garter Inn. 

Bardolph,! 

Piftol, \ followers o/FalftafF. 

Nym, J 

Robin, page to FalftafF. 

Simple, fervant to Slender. 

Rugby, fervant to Dr. Caius. 

Mrs. Ford. 
Mrs. Page. 
Mrs. Anne Page, her daughter^ in love with 

Fenton. 
Mrs. Quickly, fervant to Dr. Caius. 

Servants to Page, Ford, &?r. 
SCENE, Windfor; and the parts adjacent. 



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MERRY WIVES 

O F 

WINDSOR. 

A C T L S C E N E I. 

Windfor. Before Page*s Houfe. 

Enter Jujlice Shallow, Slender, and Sir Hugh 
Evans. 

Shal. SirHugh% perfuade me not; I will make 
a Star-chamber matter of it : ' if he were twenty 

* Sir HMght']^ Thb is the firft, of fundy inilances in our poet, 
where a farfon is caUedjffr* Upon which it may be obferved^ that 
anciently it was the common defignation both of one in holy orders 
and a knight* Foller^ fomewhere in his Church Hiflory fays, that 
anciently there were in England more^rr than knights i and fo 
latdy as temp. W. & Mar. in a depofition in the Exchequer in 
H cafe of tythes, the witnefs fpeakin? of the curate, whom he re- 
membered, ftyles him, fir Giles. Vide Gibfon's View of the State 
of the Churchy of Door, Home-Lacy, &c. p* 56. 

Sir J. Hawkins. 

Sir is the defignation of a-Bachelor of Arts in the Univerfities of 
Cambridge and Dublin ; but is there always annexed to the fur- 
name ; — Sir Evans, &c. In confequence, however, of this, all the 
inferior Clergy in England were diftinguifhed by this title affixed 
to thdr chriman name for many centuries. Hence our author's 
Sir Hu^h in the prefent phy^-^ir Topas in T'welfth Night, Sir 
Oliver in Jfjou tike it, &c. Malokb* 



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304 MERRY WIVRS 

fir John Falftaffs^ he fhall not abufe Robert Shal« 
low^ efquire. 

Slbn. In the county of Glofter, jufticc of pcacfe, 
and coram. 

Shal. Ay, couiin Slender, and Cuji-alorum^ 

Sir feems to have been a dtk formerly sppropriated to fuch of 
the inferior cler^ as were onhr Readers ot the fervice, and not 
admitted to be pieachers, and therefore were held in tfaeloweft 
cftimation ; as appears from a remarkable paflage in Machell's Mf. 
ColU&unu for the hiftofy fff Wejtmoreland and Cumberland, in fix 
volumes, folio, preferved u the Dean and Chapter's libtaiy at Car- 
lifle. The reverend Thomas Machell, author of the Jblle^tions» 
lived temp. Car. II. Speaking of the little chapd of ^Martmdale in 
the mountains of Weftmordand and Cumberland, the writer fays, 
" There is little remarkable in or about it, but a neat chapel* 
yard, which by the peculiar care of the « b,vi,,«i t^v^ 
iuKc^. Sir RUiarI?hl^ptcl^.^ ^^^i^^^"/^ 
as neat as a bowbng-gicen."— w^ ' -"=''• ^4* 

«' Widiin the limits of myne own memory ^^' ^^^ 
aU Readers in chapels were called Sirs,i and of old have been writ 
fo ; whence, I fuppofe, fuch of the laity as received the noble order 
of knighthood being called Sirs too, for diftinffion fake had 
Knifhi writ after them $ which bad been faperfluoos, if the title of 
^ir had been peculiar to diem. But now this Sir Richard is the 
only Knight Temfiar (if I may fo call him) that retains the old 

S^le, which in other places is much laid afide, and grown oat of 
e." PBacY. 

See Mr. Douce's obfervations on the title ** Sir," (as given tm 
Ecckfiafticks) at the end of Adi V.^The length of this emiottt 
Memoir obliges me to disjoin at from the page lo which it iiata» 
rally belongs. Stbbvbns. 

} — ..-.aStar-duunbersMMrr^lrf] Ben Jonfon fndmaties, ^t 
the Star^bamher had a right to tdke cognixance of ibch matters. 
See Tbe Moffieiic Lady^ Ad III. fc iv: 

'< nniere is a court aboive, of the Stae^bamber, 
** To ponifh mits and riots.'* Stbbvbns. 

4 '^Cufl'-a/ommJ] This is, I fuppofe, intended for a corruption 
of Cufios Rotulonm. The miftake was hardly defigned by the 

f In the ssargUi it aMf. note feeaiiiigly in the haad-writiBg of Bp; NicholfoB, 

wbo gave tfaeie volumec to the iibr«y i 

** Sinct I can reneiDber there was not a rtadsr in anr chipel but was caUei 
Sirr 



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OF WINDS OR. 305 

Slen. Ay, and ratohrum too ; and a gentleman 
born^ matter parfon 5 who writes himfeif armigero ;* 
in any biil^ warranty quittance^ or obligation^ ar^ 
migero. 

Shal. Ay, that we do ; * and have done '* any time 
thefe three hundred years. 

Slbs* All his fucceflbrs, gone before him, have 
done't; and all his anceftors, that come after him» 
may : they may give the dozen white luces in their 
coat. 

Sujiu It is an old coat. 



author, who» though he gives Shallow felly enoogh, nukes him 
father pedantic than illiterate. If we read : 

<* Shal. Ay, amfin Slender, om/ Cuftos Rotttlorum.'* 
It fellows natnralfy : 

** Skn. Ay, tfNu/ Ratolonun /M." Johnson. 

I think with Dr. Johi/on, that this blander could fcarcely be 
intended. Shallow, we know, had been bred to the law at Cle* 
mutt't Itm^'^But I would rather read cufios only ; then Slender adds 
naturally, «' Ay, and rotulorum too.*' He had heard the words 
a^ rondorum, and fnppoles them to mean different offices. 

Farmer. 

Perhaps Shakfpeare might have intended to ridicule the abbre- 
tiadons femetimes ufed in writs and other legal inftruments, with 
which hb Juftice might have been acquainted. In the old copy the 
word is printed Cuft-alomm, as it is now exhibited in the text. If. 
however, this was intended^ it (hould be Cuff^ulorum ; and, it muil 
be owned, abbreviation by cutting off the beginning of a word is 
not authorized by any precedent, except what we may fuppofe to 
have exifted in Shallow s imagination. Malom b. 

^ •wb9 nvrites himfeif armigero;] Slender had feen the 

Juftice's atteftations, figned ** — jurat' coram me, Roberto Shallow^ 
Armigero %** and therefore takes the aUative for the nominative 
cafe otArmiger. Stbbvbns. 

* Ay, that we i^;] The old copy reads—" that / do,** 
The piefent emendation was fuggefted to me by Dr. Farmer. 

Stbbvbns. 

1 tfffi/have done—] i.e. all the Shallows i&/i>v^^«^, Shak^ 

4>eare has many expreffions equally licentiotts. M alone. 
Vol. III. X 



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3o6 MERRY WIVES 

£r^. The dozen white loufes do become an old 
coat well;^ it agrees well^ pallant: it is a familiar 
beaft to man^ and figniiies — love. 

Shal. The luce is the frefh filhj the fait fifli is 
an old coat. * 



V ^Thg dozeu nvhiu loufes do become «« old coat ^ivelli &c«] So, 
pi The Pemik/s Parliament of tbread*hare Poets » i6oS: ** But 
amongft all other decrees and fbtates by us here fet downe, wee 
ordaine and commaund, that three thinges (if they be not partedl 
ever to continue in perpetuall amitie, that is« a Lwfe im en oUe 
doublet 9 a painted cloth in a painter's (hop, and a fix)fe and his 
bable." Steevens. 

* The luce is the frefh filh ; the fait Bih it en old coat.] That is, 
l6^frejb fifi> is the coat of an ancient fanrily, and dieyii// fifi is 
the coat of a merchant grown rich by traaing over the fea. 

Johnson. 

I am not fatisfied with any thing that has been ofiered on this 
difficult paifage. All that Mr. SmHh told us was a mere^ntfu 
diaum. [His note^ bemg worthle(s> is here omitted.] I cannot find 
that fait fijb were ever really borne in heraldry. I fancy the latter 
part of the fpeech (hould be given to iir Hugb^ who is 91 crofs pur- 
pofes with the Jufice* Shallow had faid juft before^ the coat is aa 
old one ; and now^ that it is the luce, the frefh fifh.— No» replies 
the parfon, it cannot be old and frefh too — ** Hbtfalt jyb is an old 
coat." I give this with rather the more confidence, as a fimilar 
miftake has happened a little lower in the fcene,*— '* Slice, I fay !'* 
cries out Corporal Nym, " Pauca, tauca : Slice / that's my hu* 
mour." There can be no doubt, but fauca, pauca, Ihould be 
ipoken by E'vans : 

Again, a little before this, the cojxes give us : 

*« Slender* You'll not confefs, you'll not confcfs. 

** Shallow. That he will not-^'tis your £uilt» 'tis your fault :— • 
'tis a good dog." 

Surely it fhould be thus : 

*« Shallow. You'll not confefsj you'll not confefs. 

«• Slem^. That he will not. 

«' Shallow. *Tis your fault, 'tis your fault/' Sec. Farmeiu 

This fugitive fcrap of Latin, fauca. Sec. is ufcd in feveral old 
pieces, by charaders who have no more of literature about them* 
than Nym. So Skinke, in Look about jou, 1 600 : 
«* 'BnXpauca'verba, Skinke.*' 

Again, in Eveiy man in his Humostr, where it is called the benchers* 
phrafe. StesyBNS. 



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OF WINDSOR^ 307 

SiEN. I may quarter, coz? 
Shal. You may, by marrying. 

Shakfpeare fcems to frolick here in his heraldry, with a defign 
not to be eafily underftood. In Leland's CoUefbnea, Yol. I. P. IT, 
p. 61 5- the aims of Gefrey de Lucy are *< de gonles p§iidre a croifil 
dor a treis lo^ dor." Can the poet mean to quibble upon the word 
fomdre, that is, ftnvdred, which fignifies JaUed\ or ftrewed and 
fprinkled with any thing \ In Meafure for Meajure^ Lncio fays— > 
«* Ever your frefh whore and your /oowiferV bawd." Tollbt. 

The but ia a fih^ or Jack: So, in Chanoer^s Prol.oftbe Cans* 
Tales, Mr. Tyrwhitt'se&t. pp. «i, 352. 

** FuU many a fair partncn hadde he in mewe, 
^' And many a breme, and many a Ittcf in ilewe.*' 
In Feme's Blaxom ^ OoUry^ 1 586, quaitp, the arms of the 
Lucy family axe repreiented as an inftance, that <' figns of the coat 
(hould fomcthinff agree with the name. It is the coat of Geffray 
Lord Luc^. He did bear gules, three lucks hariant, argent." 

Mr. William Oldys, (Norroy King at Arms, and well known 
from the ihare he had in compiling the Biograpbia Bntauuka, 
among the colledions which he left tor a Life of Shaljpeare^) ob- 
ierves, tha t ^* there was a very aged gentleman living in the 
neiehbourhood of Stratford, (where he died fifty^ years fmce) who 
haa not only heard, from feveral old people in that town, of 
Shakfpeare's tranfgreffion, but could rememoer the firft ftanza of 
that bitter ballad, which, repeating; to one of his acquaintance, he 
preferved it in writing; and here it is, neither better nor worfe, 
out faithfully tranlcnbed from the copy which his relation very 
courteouily communicated to me." 

** A parliement member, a jufticeofpeace, 
*' At home a poor fcare-crowe, at London an aile, 
" If lowfie is Lucy, as fome volke mifcalle it, 
•• Then Luqr is lowfie whatever befall it : 
" He thinks hlmfelf ereate, 
** Yet an aflTe in his ftate, 
** We allowe by his ears but with afllfes to mate. 
•' If Lucy is lowfie, as fome volke mifcalle it, 
•« Siuff lowfie Lucy, whatever befall it." 
'* Contemptible as this peiformance muft now appear, at the time 
«i hen it was written it might have had fufficicnt power to irritate a 
vain, weak, and vindiAive maeiftrate; efpeciallv as it was affixed 
to feveral of his park-gates, and confequenthr puoliihed among his 
neighbours.— It may be remarked likewiie, that the jinele on 
which it turns, occun in the firft fccne of The Mtrty Wives of 
Windfirr 

X a 



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3o8 MERRY WIVES 

EyA. It is marring indeed^ if he quarter it, 

Shal. Not a whit. 

Efa. Yes, py'r-lady ; if he has a quarter of your 
. coat, there is but three Ikirts for yourfelf, in my 
iimple conjedures : but that is all one : If fir John 
FalftafFhave committed difparagements unto you, 
I am of the church, and will be glad to do my be- 
nevolence, to make atonements and compromifes 
between you. 

Shal. The Council Ihall hear it; it is a riot.^ 



I may add, that the veracity of tbe late Mn Oldys has never 
yet been impeached; and it is not ym probable that a ballad 
ihou)d be forged, from which an miditeovered wag could derive 
ho triumph over antiquarian credulity. STfisvaNS* 

Tb€ luce is the frefli filh ; tbe fait fiih // an old coat*'\ Onr ao^ 
thor here alludes to the arms of Sir Thomas Lucy, who is faid to 
have profecuted him in the vounger {>art of his life for a miOe- 
mefnor, and who is foppofea to hi pointed at under the charaAer 
of Juftice Shallow. Tne text however, by fome careleffiiels of the 
printer or tranfcriber, has been fo corrupted, that the paffitee, aa 
It ftands at prefent, feems inexplicable, ui. Fanner's regulation 
appears to me highly probable; and in further fupport of it, it 
may be obferved, that fome other fpeeches, befide thofe he has 
mentioned, are mift>laced in a fubfequent part of this fcene, as ex* 
hibited in the firft folio. Malonb. 

Perhaps we have mot jet conceived the humour of Mailer SbalUw^ 
Slender^ has obferved, that the fiunilv might give a dozen *wbiu 
Luces in their coat; to which the Juitice adds, << It is an old me** 
This produces the Farfitis blunder, and Sballvw^s corredtion. 
<< The Litce is not the Lmfe but the PUu^ theft^J^ of that name. 
Indeed our Coat is old, as I (aid, and the fim cannot htftefii and 
therefore we bear the 'white, i. e. iht pickled oi /alt^fib. 

In the Northumberland Hoofehold JBook, we meet with ** nine 
barrels of nubite herringe for a hole yere, 4. 10. o:'* and Mr. 
Pewmmt in the additions to hb London fays, ** By the very hi^ 
price of the Pike, it is probable that this filh had not yet been 
introduced into our ponds, but was imported as a luxury, fickUd*^ 

It will be ftill clearer if we read — *< tho* faltfilh in an old coat." 

FA&Msa. 

9 The Council >i^/ hear it\ it is a rw/,1 By tbe Council is only 
meant the Court of flar-chamber, coropofed chiefly of the king's 



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OF WINDSOR. 309 

Eyji. It is not meet the Council hear a riot ; 
there is no fear of Got in a riot : the Council^ look 
you^ fhall defire to hear the fear of Got, and not to 
hear a riot ; take your vizaments in that.* 

SffjiL. Ha ! o' my life, if I were young again, the 
fword ihould end it. 

Efj. It is petter that friends is the fword, and 
end it : and there is alfo another device in my prain, 
which, peradventure, prings goot difcretions with 
it: There is Anne Page, which is daughter to ma-« 
Her George Page,' which is pretty virginity. 

SiBN. Miftrefs Anne Page ? She has brown hair, 
and fpeaks fmall like a woman.^ 

coancil fitting in Camera ftellai&y which todc cognizance of atro* 
cioos riots. In the old quarto» '' the council (hall know it/' 
jbllows immediately after <* I'll make a ftar-chamber matter of it." 

Blackstons* 
So^ in Sir John Harrington's Efigram^ 1618 : 
** No marvel, men of fucn a fomptaous dyet 
*• Were brought into the Star-ebamier for a tyot.** 

Malonb* 
See Stat. 13. Henry IV, c. 7. Grey. 

* ,^jour vizaments m that.] Adfoifement b now an obfolete word. 
I meet with it in the ancient morality of E'very Man : 

** That I may amend me with good ad*vyfimenU** 
Again: 

" I (hall fmite without any a^fimenu'* 
Again: 

" To go with good advy/ement and delyberacyon." 
It is often ufed by Spenfer in his Faety ^ueen. So, B. XL c. 9 : 

" Perhaps my {uccour and tfi^/s^MM/ meete." Stbeveni* 

* f^'whicb is daughter to mafter George Page^] The old copy 

leaAs-^Thomas Page. Steevens. 

The whole fet of editions have neeligently blundered one after 
another in Page's Chriftian name m this place ; though Mrs. Page 
calls him George afterwards in at leaft fix feveral paflages. 

Theobald. 

4 /peaks fmall lih a tvoman*'] This is from the folio of 

1623, and is the true reading. He admires her for the fweetnefs 
of her voice. But the expremon is highlv humourous, as making 
)»x /peaking fmall lih a woman one of ner marks of diftin^Uon ; 

X3 



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310 MERRY WIVES 

Eyj. It is that fery verfon for all the 'orld, as 
juft as you will delire; and feven hundred pounds 
of monies, and gold, and filver, is her grandfirc, 
upon his death's-bed, (Got deliver to a joyful re- 
furredions !} give, when (he is able to overtake 
feventeen years old : it were a goot motion, if we 
leave our pribbles and prabbles, and defire a mar- 
riage between mailer Abraham, and miftrefs Anne 
Page. 

ShjU. Did hergrandfire leave her feven hundred 
pound ? * 

and the ambiguity ot/mail, which fignifies /ii/le as well as low^ 
makes the expreifion ftill more pleafant. Warb urton. 
Thus Lear, fpeaking of Cordelia : 

*• Her a;wf^ was ever foft, 

«* Gentle and lo^v : — ^an excellent thing in woman." 

Stsbvens. 
Dr. Warburton has found more pleafantry here than I believe 
was intended. Small was, I think, not ufed, as he fuppofes, in 
an ambiguous fenfe, for ** little, as well as Itnxj,** but fimpl/ for 
nveak, finder, feminine; and the only pleafantiy of the paiTage 
feems to be, that poor Slender ihould charadlerile his miftrefs by 
a general quality oelonging to her whole fex. In A Midfummir 
Night's Dream, Quince tells rlute, who objects to playing a woman's 
part, ** You fhalTplay it in a maik, and you may fpeak ^fmall as 
you will." Malonb. 

A f mall voice is Ti/oft and melodious voice. Chaucer ufes the word 
in that fenfe, in The Flower and the Leaf, Speght's edit. p. 6i i : 
** The company anfwered all, 
•* With voice fweet entuned, sndfofmall, 
•« That me thought it the fweeteft melody." 
Again, in Fair&x's Go^rey ofBulloigne, I. i j;. ft. 62 : 
** She warbled forth a irtbXtfmall, 
*' And with fweet lookes, her fweet fbngs enterlaced." 
When female charaders were filled by boys, to fpeak fmall like a 
woman muft have been a valuable qualification. So, in Marfton's 
Whai^ you will: ** I was folicited to graunt him leave to play the 
lady in comedies prefented by children ; but I knew his voice was 
too fmall, and his ftature too low. Sine a treble, Holofemes ;-*-4i 
vtxy fmall fweet voice I'le affure you. Holt White. 

* Shal. Did her grandftre learve her (even hundred found f — / 
htvw thejounggefiiUivomani &c.] Thclc two fpeeches arc by mif- 



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OF WINDSOR. 311 

EyA. Ay, and her father is make her a petter 
penny. 

Shal. I know the young gentlewoman; Ihe has 
good gifts. 

EyA. Seven hundred pounds, and poilibilities, is 
good gifts. 

Shal. Well, let us fee honeft mailer Page : Is 
Falftaff there? 

EyA. Shall I tell you a lie ? I do defpifc a liar, as 
I do defpife one that is falfe ; or, as I defpife one 
that is not true. The knight, fir John, is there; 
and, I befeech you, be ruled by your well-willers. 
I will peat the door [knocks] for mafter Page. What, 
hoa ! Got plcfs your houfe here ! 

Enter PAGEt 
Page. Who's there? 

EyA. Here is Got's plefling, and your friend, 
and juftice Shallow : and here young mafter Slen- 

take given to Slender in the firft folio, the only authentick copy of 
this plav. From the foregoing words it appears that Shallow it 
the perion here addrefled ; and on a marriage being propofed for 
his kinfman, he very naturally enquires concerning the lady*s 
fortune. Slender ihould feem not to know what they are ulkin? 
about; (except that he juft hears the name of Anne Page, and 
breaks out into a foolilh elogium on her ;) for afterwards Shallow 
fays to him, — ** Coz, there is, as it were, a tender, a kind of 
tender, made afar off* by Sir Hueh here ; do you underftand me ?'* 
to which Slender replies — " (/"it be fo," &c. The tender, there* 
fore, we fee, had been made to Shallow, and not to Slender, the 
former of which nam^ (hould be prefixed to the two fpeeches be« 
fore us. 

In this play» as exhibited in the firft foIio« many of the fpeeches 
aie given to charaders to whom they do not belong. Printers, to 
fave trouble, keep the names of the fpeakers in each fcene ready 
compofed, and are very liable to miftaikes, when two names begin 
(as in the prefent inftance,) with the fame letter, and are nearly of 
the fame length. — ^The prefent regulation was fuggefted by Mr* 
CapclU Maloni* 

X4 



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312 MERRY WIVES 

der; that^ peradventures» fhall tell you another 
tale, if matters grow to your likings. 

PjtGE. I am glad to fee your worihips well : I 
thank you for my venifon, mafter Shallow. 

ShjIl. Mafter Page, I am glad to fee you ; Much 
good do it your good heart ! I wiih*d your venifon 
better ; it was ill kill'd : — How doth goodmiftrefs 
Page ? — and I love you ^ always with my hearty la ; 
with my heart. 

Page. Sir, I thank you* 
Shjil. Sir, I thank you ; by yea and no, I do. 
Page. I am glad to fee you, good mafter Slender. 
Slen^ How does your fallow greyhound, fir ? I 
heard fay, he was out-run on Cotfale.^ 

• /love^w— ] Thus the 4to. 1619. The folio—" I 

ibatti you — ." Dr. Farmer prefers the firft of thefe readings, 
which 1 have therefore placed in the text. Stbevens. 

' H(mf dixs ymr fallfinn greyhound y fir? I heard fay ^ he twos «r/- 
nat on Cotfale.] He means Co(/hvoId, in Glmuefier/btre. In the 
beginning of the reign of James the Flrft, by permiffion of the 
king, one Dover, a ^ublick-fpirited attomev of Barton on the 
Heath, in Warwick(hire, inlHtuted on the nills of Cotfivold an 
annual celebration of games, confifting of rural fports and exercifes* 
Thefe he confbntly conduced in perfon, well mounted, and ac- 
coutred in a fuit of his majeify^'s old cloaths ; and they were 
frequented above forty yean bv the nobility and gentiy for fixty 
miles round, till the grand reoellion abolifhed every bbend efta- 
blifhment. I have feen a very fcarce book, entitled, ** AnnaUa 
Dubrenfia* Upon the yearly celebration of Mr. Robert Dover^s Olympick 
games upon Cotftwold hills ^* &c. London ^ 1636, 4to« There are 
recommendatory verfes prefixed, written by Drayton, Jonfon, 
Randolph, and many others, the moft eminent wits of the times. 
The eames, as appears from a curious frontifpiece, were, chiefly, 
wrefmng, leaping, pitching the bar, handlinc; the pike, dancing 
of women, various kinds of hunting, and particularly courfing the 
hare with fi;r^hounds. Hence alfo we fee the meanmg of another 
paflage, where FalftaflT, or Shallow, calls a ftout fellow a C^fnjoold- 
man. But from what is here faid, an inference of another kind 
may be drawn, rcfpcdHng the age of the play. A meager and 
imperfect (ketch of this comedy was printed in 1602* Afterwards 
Shakfj^are new-wrote it entirely, lliis allufion therefore to the 



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OF WINDSOR, 313 

Page. Itcould not be judged, fir. 
ShEif. You'll not confefs, jrouil not confefs. 
Shai. That he will not; — 'tis your fault, 'tis 
your fault : * — 'Tis a good dog. 
Page. A cur, fir. 

Shal. Sir, he's a good dog^ and a fair dog ; Can 
there be more faid? he is good, and fair. — Is fir 
John FalftaiF here ? 

Page. Sir, he is within ; and I would I could do 
a good ofiice between you. 

Efa. It is fpoke as a chriftians ought to fpeak« 

Shal. He hath wrong'd me, mafter Page. 

Page. Sir, he doth in fome fort confefs it. 

Shal. If it be confefs'd, it is not redrefs'd; is 



CotfrjuoU ganaSf not founded till the reign of James the Firft, afcer- 
tabs a period of time beyond which our author muft have made the 
additions to his original rough draft, or, in other words, compofed 
the prefent comedy. James the Firft came to the crown in the year 
1603. And we will luppofe that two or three more years at leaft 
muft have pafled before mefe games could have been efiedually efla- 
blifhed. 1 would therefore, at the earlieft, date this play about the 
year 1607. T. Waeton. 

The Anualia Dmbrettfia confifis eutirefy of recommendatory verfes. 

DoucB. 

The Cotfwold hills in Gloucefterihire are a large trafl of downs, 
iamous for their fine turf, and therefore excellent for courfing. I 
believe there is no village of that name. Bl a c kston b. 

• 'tis your faulty 'tisyour fault :"] Of thefe words, which 

are addrefled to Pa^, the fendfe is not very clear. Perhaps Shallow 
means to fay, that it is a known failing of Page's not to confefs that 
his dog has been out-run. Or, the meaning mav be, — 'tis your 
misfortune that he nvas out-run on Cotfiwold-y he is^ lmve*ver, a good 

f. So perhaps the word is ufed afterwards by Ford, fpeaking 

his jealouiV : 

«« 'Tis my fault, mafter Page; I fuflfer for it." Malone. 

Perhaps Shallow addrefles thefe words to Slender, and means to 
tdl him, ** it was his fault to undervalue a dog whofe inferiority in 
the chafe was not afcertamed." Stb evens. 



dog, 
of hi 



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314 MERRY WIVES 

not that fo, maftcr Page ? He hath wrong'd me ;— 
indeed, he hath; — at a word, he hath; — ^believe 
me ; — Robert Shallow, Efquire, faith, he is wrong'd. 

Page. Here comes fir John. 

Enter Sir John Fal^taff, Bardolph, Nym, and 
Pistol. 

Fal. Now, mader Shallow ; you'll complain of 
me to the king } 

Shal. Knight, you have beaten my men, kill'd 
my deer, and broke open my lodge.' 

Fal. But not kifs*d your keeper's daughter? 

Shal. Tut, a pin ! this ftiall be anfwcr'd. 

Fal. I will anfwer it flraight ; — I have done all 
this : — ^That is now anfwer'd. 

Shal. The Council fhall know this. 

Fal. *Twere better for you, if it were known 
in counfel : * you'll be laugh'd at. 

^ and broke open my lodge."] This probably alludes to fomc 

leal incident, at that time well known. Johnson* 
So probably Falfla£rs anfwer. Farmer. 

^ 'f*wfre better for you, ifitnjoere known nc counfel:] The old 
copies read — 'Tnuere better for you, if 'twere known in council. Per- 
haps it is an abrupt fpecch, and muft be read thus : — *Twere better 

for you if 'twere known in council, you 'U be laugh* d at* * TiJoere 

better for you, is, I believe, a menace. Johnson. 

Some of the modem editors arbitrarily read — if 'twere not known 
in council : — ^but I believe Falftaff quibbles between council and 
counfeL The latter fignifiesy^rnfr)'. So, m Hamlet: 

" The players cannot keep counfel, they'll tell all." 
Falfta£F's meaning feems to be-— 'twere better for you if it were 
known only infecrecy, i. e. among your friends. A more publick 
complaint would fubjed you to ridicule. 

Tnus, in Chaucer's Prologue to the Squires Tele, v. 10305, Mr, 
Tyrwhitt's edit : 

** But wete ye what? in confeilht it feyde, 
** Me reweth fore I am unto hire teyde." 



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OF WINDSOR. 315 

Eva. Paucaveria, fir John; goodwort«« 
Pal. Good worts! good cabbage.' — Slender, I 
broke your head ; What matter have you againft 
me? 

Slen^ Marry, fir, I have matter in my head againft 
you ; and againft your coney-catching rafcals,* Bar- 
dolph, Nym, and Piftol. They carried me to the 
tavern, and made me drunk, and afterwards picked 
my pocket.* 

Again, in Gammer Gurtons NeedU^ laft edit. p« 29 : 

** But firft for you in council^ I have a word or twaine." 

Steevbns. 

Mr. RitTon fsppofes the pitfent reading to be juft, and quite in 
Falftaff*s infolent fneering manner. '* It would be much better, in- 
deed» to have it known in the council, where you would only be 
laughed at." Reed. 

I'he fpelling of the old quarto (counfel,) as well as the general 
purport of the paflage, fully confirms Mr. Steevens's interpretation* 
— « Sbai. WcU, the Council (hall know it. Fal. 'Twerc better 
for you 'twere known in counfelL You'll be laueh't at." 

In an office-book of Sir Henea^ Finch, Treauirer of the Cham- 
bers to Queen Elizabeth, (a Mf. in the Britifh Mufeum,) I obferve 
that whenever the Privy Council is mentioned, the word is always^ 
fpelt Counfel\ fo that the equivoque was lefs fliained then than it 
appears now. 

** Mum is CtamfelU viz. filence^* is among Howcl's Proverbial 
Sentences. See his Die t. folio, 1660. Ma lone. 

* Goa/ worts I good cabbage.'] Worts was the ancient name of 

all the cabbage kind. So, in Beaumont and Fletcher's VaUntinian : 

*« Planting of nvorts and onions, any thing. " Steevbns. 

4 coney^catching ra/cals,'] A coney-catcher was, in the time 

of Elizabeth, a common name for a cheat or (harper. Green, one 
of the firft among us who made a trade of writing pamphlets, pub- 
Ii(hed A Dete3i0H of the Frmids tutd Tricks of Coaey^catchers and 
Catzenersm Johnson. 

So, in Decker's Satiromafiix : 

** Thou (halt not coney-catch me for five pounds." 

Steevens. 

^ They carried me, &c.] Thefe words, which are neceifary to 
introduce what Falftaff fays afterwards, f ** Pifbl, did you pick 
laafter Slender's purfe ?"] I have reftored from the early quarto. 
I 



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5i6 MERRY WIVES 

Bar. You Banbury checfe ! * 

Slen. Ay, it is no matter. 

Pisr. How now, Mephoftophilus?^ 

Slen» Ay, it is no matter. 

NrM* Slice, I lay! pauca, pauca i^ flice! that's 
my humour.^ 



Of this circamfiance^ as the play is exhibited in the f<dio» Sir John 
could have no knowledge* malonb. 

We mig^t fuppofe that Falftaff was already acquainted with 
thb robbery, and had received his ihare of it, as m the cafe of 
the handle df miftre(s Bridget's fan, A&, II* fc. ii. His qneftioo, 
therefore, may be (aid to ariie at once from confcioos guilt and 
pretended ignorance. I have, however, adopted Mr. A^one's 
reftoration. St sevens. 

^ You Banbury cbee/e!'\ This is faid in allufion to the thin car* 
caie of Slender. The fame thought occurs in Jack Drum*s Emter^ 

tainment, i6oi : *' Put off your cloaths, and you are like a 

Banbury cheefe, nothing but paring." So Heywood, in hir 

colledion of epigrams : 

•' I never law Banluty cheefe thick enough^ 

** But I have oft feen ££kx cheefe quick enough." 

St E EVENS. 

7 Hcnu new, Mq>hoftophilu8 ?] This is the name of a (pirit or 
familiar, in the old (lory book of Sir John Faufius, or J^ Fauft : to 
whom our author afterwards aUudes, Ad IL fc ii. ^ That it was a cant 
phrafe of abufe, appears from the old comedy cited above, called 
Apleafant Comedy of the Gentle Craft, Signat. H 3. ** Away you 
Jflington whitepot ; hence you hopper-arfc, you barley-pudding full 
of maggots, you broiled carbonado: avaunt, Kvz\mt,M^hofhpbiims.* 
In thefame vein, Bardolph here aUb calls Slender, *' You Banbury 
cheefe." T. Warton. 

Piftol means to call Slender a very ugly fellow. So, in Nofce Ug 
(Humort) by Richard Turner, 1^07 : 

*• O face, no face hath our Theophilus, 
'* But the right foraie o£ MephoJIofbiluj, 
" I know 'twould ferve, and yet I am no wizard, 
'* To playe the Devil i'the vault without a vizard." 
Again, in The Mufet Looking Glafs, 1638 : ** We want not yoa 
to play Mepboftofbilus* A pretty natural vizard !*' Stbbvens. 

• Slice, I fay/ pauca, pauca;] Dr. Farmer (iee a former note» 
p. 3o6> n. 8.) would transfer the Latin words to Evans. But tho 



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OF WINDSOR. 317 

• Slbn* Where's Simple, my man? — can you tell, 
coulin ? 

ErA. Peace: I pray you! Now let us under- 
iland : There is three umpires in this matter, as I 
junderftand : that is — ^mafter Page, fidelicet^ mafter 
Page; and there is myfclf, fdelicef, myfelf; and 
the three party is, laflly and finally, mine hofl of 
the Garter. 

Page. We three, to hear it, and end it between 
them. 

ErA. Fcry goot : I will make a prief of it in my 
note-book ; and we will afterwards 'ork upon the 
caufe, with as great difcreetly as we can. 

Fal. PifDl, 

PisT. He hears with ears. 
Efa. Thetevilandhis tam! whatphrafeia this,* 
He bears with earf Why, it is affeSbations. 
Fal. Piftol, did you pick mafter Slender's purfe ? 

Slkk. Ay, by thefe gloves, did he, (or I would 
I might never come in mine own great chamber 
again clfe,) of feven groats in mill-fixpences,^ and 

old copy, I think, is right. PiftoU in iT. Henty F. ufes the fame 
language: 

«' —I will hold the aumulam Q^ckly 
•* For the <Mily (he; ajAfanca, there's enough." 
In the tune fcene Nym twice ufes the word folus. Ma lone. 
9 ^^.~^tbai*s mjf bummrA So» in an ancient Mf. play, entitled 
The Siemul Maideu's Traftij : 

" 1 love not to difquiet ghofts* fir, 

*' Of any people living; that's my humour, fin" 
See a fi>llowing note. Ad II. fc. i. Stebvens. 
t ~^twh^ fihrafi it this, &c] Sir Hu^ is juftified inhis cenfure 
of this ps^Sage by Frchm, who in his Gardfu of^ Eloquence, 1 5774 
places this very mode of expreffion under the article PUouaJmu. 

Henderson. 

' — — su/Afixpences,] It appears from a pai&ge in Sir William 



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3i8 MERRY WIVES 

two Edward fliovel-boards/ that coft me two.lhil- 
ling and two pence a-piece of Ycad Miller, by 
thefe gloves. 

DavenuHt^t Newes from Plimuih, dat thefe mdVi-fixpencu vtit 
Qfed by way of counters to caft up monej : 

" A few miirdfixptnces^ with which 

'• My purfcr cafts accompt.** Steeveks. 
4 Ednuard (hovel-boards,] One of thefe pieces of metal b men* 
tioned in Middleton's comedy of I'he Roaring Girl^ 1 6i i : 
** away did I my man, like SijS^ovfKioard/billiftg" Sec, 

Steevens. 
«< Ed<ward SifweUboardsy' were the broad (hillings oiEdnu. VL 
Taylor, the water-poet, in his Trmvel ofTnjitehve-penUt makes 
him complain : 

" -^— - the unthrift every day 
'< With my face downwards do ^xfioame'hoard play ; 
'* That had I had a beard, yon may fuppofe, 
«* They had wbme it off, as they have done my nofe." 
And in a note he tdls us : ** Edw. fhillings for the moft part are 
vki^.2XjbQaveJfoard** Faembr. 

In the Second Part of AT. Henry IF, Falftaff fays, ** Quoit him 
down, Bardolph, Vkt 2l Jbove-groat Jbillinz*' This confirms Far- 
mer's opinion, that pieces of coin were ufed for that purpofe. 

M* Mjlsok* 
The following extras, for the notice of which I am indebted to 
Dr. Farmer, will afcertain the fpecies of coin mentioned in the 
text. '* I muft here take notice before I entirely quit the fub- 
jeA of thefe lad-mentioned ihillings, that I have alio feen fome 
other pieces of good filver, greatly refembling the fame, and of 
the fame date 1 547, that have been fo muph Uiicker as to weig^ 
about half mn ounces t^^ether with fome others that hanre weighed 
an ounce." Folkes's Table of EngUJh fihier Comr, p. 32. The 
former of thefe were probably what cent Mafter Slender two ihil- 
lings and two-pence a-pieoe* R b bd« 

It appears, that the game of fiovil'ioard was played with the 
fhillinffs of Ed'ward Vfl in Shadwell's time ; for in his Miftr^ 
Aa lU. fc. i. Cheatly fays, ** She perfuaded him to play with 
hazard at backgammon, and he has already loft his B^ard Jbiilingt 
that he kept lor Sbovei-hoard, and was pulling one broad pieces 
(that have not feen the fun thefe many years) when I came aiway.'* 
In Shadwell's Lanea/hhrt Witches^ Vol. III. p. ^51. the game it 
called Shuffle-board* It is flill played; and I lately heard a man 
a(k another to go in|o an alehoafe in Ihe Broad SJueftuary, Weftr 
minfter, to play at it* ' Doucx. 



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OF WINDSOR. 51^ 

Fau Is this true, Piftol? 

Erj. No ; it is falfe, if it is a pick-purfc. 

Pjst. Ha, thou mountain-foreigner ! — Sir John, 
and mailer mine, 

I combat challenge of this latten bilbo : * 
Word of denial in thy labras here; * 

That Slender meanft the broad JhiUjng of one of our kings, ap- 
pears from comparing thefe words with the correfponding padTage 
in the old quarto : " Ay bv this handkerchief did he ; — two fairc 
lhoyd-boara>^/7/j>rr/, befides feven groats in mill fixpences/' 

How twent)r ei^t pence could be loft in mUl-Jixpencest Slender^ 
howerer* has not explained to us. Malone. 

5 / combat challenge of this latten hilho :] PiftoU feeing Slender 
fuch a Aim; puny wight, would intimate, that he is as thin as a 
plate of that compound metal, which is called latten: and which 
was^ as we are tola, the old orkhale^ THsasALD* 

Latten is a mixed metal, made of copper and calamine. 

Malone. 

The farcafm intended is, that Slender had neither courage nor 
ftrength, as a latten fword has neither edge nor fubftance. 

Heath. 

Latten may ii^nify no more than as thin at a lath* The word 
in fome counties is ftill pronounced as if there was no h in it : and 
Ray, in his Diftionary of North Country Words, affirms it to be 
ipelt lat in the north of England. 

• FalftaflT threatens, in another play, to drive prince Henry out 
of hia kinedom, with a dagger ef lath. A latten hilboe means 
therefore, I believe, no more than a blade as thin as a lath^-^a 'vice's 
dagger* 

Theobald, however, is right in his aflertion that latten was a 
metal. So Turbcrvile, in his Book of Falconry, 157 c : «« —you 
muft fet Her a latten bafon, or a veflel of ftone or earth." Again, 
in OU Fertunatust 1600: " Whether it were lead ot latten that 
hafp'd down thofe winking cafements, I know not." Again, in 
the old metrical Romance of Sjr Bcvis of Hampton^ bl. L no date : 
** WindowesofZs/^ were fet with gla^" 

Latten is ftill a oommon word for tm in the North* 

St B EVEN J.. 

I believe Theobald has given the true fenfe of latten, though he 
IE wrong in fuppofing, that the allufion is to Slender's thinnefi. It 
IE father to hisy^ff^ or ai;^ai«^. Tyrwhitt. 

• Word of denial in thy labras here ;] I fuppofe it fiiould rather 
be read: 



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310 MERRY WIVES 

Word of denial : froth and fcuin> thoii lief!:* 
Slbn. By thcfc gloves, then 'twas he. 
NrM. Be avis*d> fir, and pafs good humours : I 
will fay, marry trap,'' with you, if you run the 
nuthook's humour^ on me; that is the very note 
of it. 

SiEif. By this hat, then he in the red fecc had 
it: for though I cannot remember what I did 
when you made me drunk, yet I am not altogether 
an afs. 

Fjl. What fay you. Scarlet and John?' 
Bard. Why, fir, for my part, I fay, the gen- 
tleman had drunk himfelf out of his five fen- 
tences. 

Ef^j. It is his five fenfes: fie, what the igno- 
rance is ! 



\ ** Word of denial in my labras hear ;" 
that is^ hear the word of denial in my lips. Thou l/ft. Johkson* 

We often talk of giving the lie in a man's teeth, or in his tbroatm 
Fiftol choofes to throw the word of denial in the //^/ of his ad* 
Terfary» and is fuppofed to point to them as he ipeaks. 

ST££7£Nt« 

There are few woids in the old coDies more freqnentl]^ mifprin* 
ted than the word hear. ** Tfy Iqw, however, is cemaly ng^t, 
as appears from the old quarto : <* I do retort the lie even in tfy 
gotge, thygorge* thy gorge." Maloni. 

7 many trap,] When a man was caught in his own fti«t»* 

gem, I fuppofe the exclamation of infult w as mairj , trap ! 

JOHMSOV. 

i ..-^ nuthook's hamoMr^"] Nntbook is the reading of die folio* 
The qoarto reads, bafe humour. 

Jfjou run the Nntbook' s hmmmr on me, is in plain Engliih, ifj^ 
fi^ I am a Thief. £nough b faid on the fubjea of hooking mweaUes 
mt at nvindowsi in a note on K. Henry IF. Stbbtbms. 

9 Scarlet and John f^ The names of two of Robin Hood'a 

companions ; but the humour confifls in the allufion to Bardolph't 
red face \ concerning which, fee The Second Part of Henry IF. 

WAEBCJlTOir* 



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OF WINDSOR. 321 

Barj>. And being fap/ fir, was, as they fay, 
calhier'd ; and fo conclufions pafs^d the careires*' 

Slbn. Ay, you fpake in Latin then too ; but 'tis 
no matter : I'll ne'er be drunk whilft I live again, 
but in honeft, civil, godly company, for this trick : 



* And behig fap,] I know not the exaA meaning of this cant 
word, neither have I met with it in any of oar old dramatic pieces, 
which have often proved the beft comments on Shakfpeare s vul« 
garifms. 

Dr. Farmer, indeed, obferves, that to fib is to heat\ fo that heing 
fap may mean being beaten; and caflriered^ twrmdma of company. 

Stbbvbns* 

The word fap, is probably made from «^/a, a dranken fellow, 
or a good-for-nothiiig fellow, whofe virtues are all exhaled* 
Slender, in his anfwer, feems to underftand that fiardolph had 
made ufe of a Ladn word : ** Ay, you fpake in Latin then too ;" 
as Piftol had juft before. S. W. 

It is not probable that any cant term is from the Latin ; nor 
Aat the word in queftion was fo derived, becaufe Slender nnftook it 
for Latin. The miftake, indeed, is an argument to the contrary, 
as it ihows his ignorance in that langua^ fVj/ however, certainly 
mcans drMuk^ as appears from the glofTanes. Douce. 

* — rtffwip/.] I believe this ftrange word is nothing but 
the French cemerti and the expreffion means, that the commm 
bounds of good bebawhur njoere etverfaffed. Joh nso n. 

topafs the eariere was a zoilitary phrafe, or rather perhaps 
a term otthe manege* I find it in one of Sir John Smjrthe's Dif- 
coarfes, 1 589* where, ffwaking of horfes wounded, he fay s 
*' they, aner the firft (brink at the entering of the bullet, doopaft 
their carriere, as though they had verie little hurt." Again, in Har- 
rington's tranfladon of Ariofto, book xxxviii. fianza 3 r : 
«• Tp ftop, to ftart, to paft caner^ to bound." 

Stbivens» 

Bardolph means to fay, ** and fo in the end he leel'd about 
with a circuitous motion, like a horie, paffing a caner** Topafi 
a carier was the technical term. So, in Nafhe's Have ^itbyou to 
Saffrmt Walden^ &c. 1596: ** — herbotteft fury may be refembled 
to the paffing of a brave eariere by a Pegafus." 

We find the term again ufed in K. Henry F. in the fame manned 
■a in the jpaiiage before us : " ^-Tbe king is a good king, but^»« 
he paffi* lome humonn and cariers** M a l o k a. 

Vol. III. Y 



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322 MERRY WIVES 

if I be drunk, I'll ht drunk with thofe that have 
the fear of God, and not with drunken knaves. 

Er^. So Got 'udge me, that is a virtuous mind. 

FjiL. You hear all thefe matters denied^ gentlew 
men ; you hear it. 

Enter Mifirefs Anne Page with wine % Mtfirefs Ford 
and MiJlrefsVAQ^ following. 

Page. Nay, daughter, carry the wine in ; . we*U 
drink within. [Exit Anne Pags. 

Slbn. O heaven ! this is mifirefs Anne Page. 
. Page. How now, miftrefs Ford ? 

Fjl. Miftrefs Ford, by my troth, you are very 
well met : by your leave, good miftrefs. [kiffing her. 

Page. Wife, bid thefe gentlemen welcome : 

Come, we have a hot venilon pafty to dinner ; come, 
gentlemen, I hope we fhall drink down all unkind* 
nefs. lExeunt all but Shal. Slender and Evans. 

Slen. I had rather than forty ftiillings, I had 
my book of Songs and Sonnets here : ^•~ 

4 my hook of Songs and Sonnets here ;] It cannot be fuppo* 

fed that poor Slender was himfelf a poet. lie probably aK^aoB the 
Poems of Lord Surrey and others^ which were very popular in the 
a^ of Queen Elizabeth. They were printed in 1567* with this 
title : **So»ges and SomutUs, written by the rieht honoarable Loid 
Henry Howard » late Earle of Surrey, and others." 

Slender laments that he has not this fafhionable book about hin^ 
fuppoline it might have affifted him in paying his addreOes to Ajme 
Fage. Malonb. 

Under the title mentioned by Slender, Churchyard very evi- 
dently points out this book in an enumeration of his own pieces^ 
prefixed to a colle^on of verie and profe, called Cbwrcbjard's Chal^ 
lengty 4to. I j^Qj : ** — and many things in the hooht of fwgti axd 
fonfts printed then, were of my making." By them he means *' ia 
Quecne Maries ndgn? ;" for Surrey was firfi publilhed in 1 557. 

Stbsvsms* 



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OF WINDSOR. 333 

Enter Simple. 

How now. Simple ! where have you been ? I muft 
wait OR myfelf, mxift I ? You have not The Book of 
Riddles * about you, have you ? 

Sim. Book of Riddles ! why, did you not lend it 
to Alice Shortcake upon Atlhallowmas lail^ a fort- 
night afore Michaelmas ? ^ 

Sbau Come, coz ; come, qoz ; we ftay for you. 
A word with you, coz : marry, this, coz 1 There 
ia, as 'twere^ a tender, a kind of tender, made 
Afar off by fir Hugh here r^Ho you underftand 
me? 

Slrh. Ay, fir, you fhall find me reafonablei if 
it be fo, I (hall do that that is reafon. 

Shal. Nay, but underftand me. 

Slrn. So I do, fir. 

Efa. €five ear to his motions, mafter Slender: 
I will defcription the matter to you, if you be ca- 
pacity of it. 

^ -«T%r hook o/rkUtfs^ This appears to have been a popular 
book, and is enumerated with others in The Englijh Costnier, ami 
Comtfy Gtntlenuo^t bl. L 4(0. 1 586» Smi. H 4. See <piotal£on 
In note to Much ado ahoat Nothimi^ AAII. fc. i. Reed. 

6 ypofg Allballvwmas laft^ a firtmght afore Mkhaelmasf^ 

Sure, Simple^s a little out in his reckoning. AUhallowmas is 
almoft five weeks after Michaelmas. But may it not be urged, it 
is defigned Simple fhouid appear thus ignorant^ to keep up the 
charamr ? I think not. The fimpleft creatures (nay, even natu- 
rals} generally are very predife in the knowledfi;e of feftivals, and 
marking how the feaions run : and therefore I have ventured to 
iitSfd^ our poet wrote MartUmas, as the rulear cadi it : which is 
near a fortmght after All-iSainc's day, L e. deven days, both in>« 
cldive. THBOBALb. 

Thi$ conedion, thus ferioully smd wifely enforced, is received^ 
fey fir Thomas Hanmer; but prebaUy Shakfpeare intended ta 
blunder. Johnson. 

Y 2 



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324 MERRY WIVES 

Slen. Nay, I will do as my coufin Shallow fays : 
I pray you, pardon me ; he's a juftice of peace in 
his country, fimple though I ftand here. 

ErJ. But that is not the queftion ; the queftion 
is concerning your marriage. 

Shal. Ay, there's the point, fir. 

Erji. Marry, is it; the very point of it; to mif. 
trefs Anne Page. 

Slen. Why, if it be fo, I will marry her, upon 
any reafonable demands. 

Efji. But can you afFedHon the 'oman? Let us 
command to know that of your mouth, or of your 
lips ; for divers philofophers hold, that the lips is 
parcel of the mouth ; ' — Therefore, precifely, can 
you carry your good will to the maid ? 

ShjU. Coufin Abraham Slender, can you love 
her? 

. Slen. I hope, fir, — I will do, as it fliall become 
one that would do reafon. 
Ek^A. Nay, Got's lords and his ladies, you muft 



- the lip is pared o/tbe mouth ;] Thus the old copies. The 



modem editors read—-** parcel of the mini.** 

To ht parcel of any thing, is an expreflion that often occurs in 
the old plays. 

So, in Decker's Satiromafiix : 

** And make damnation parcel of your oath." 
Again, in Tamhuriaine^ 1 590 : 

** To make it parcel of my empery." 

This paiTa^e, however, might have been defigned as a ridicule 
on anotner, m John Lylv's Midas ^ ^SV^' 

•• Pet. What lips hath (he ? 

*« Li. Tufli I Lips are no part of the head^ only made for a dou-- 
hle-leaf door for the mouth,** Sts E V E NS. 

The word parcel, in this place, feems to be ufed in the fame 
fenfe as it was both formerly and at prefent in conveyances. ** Part, 
farcel, or. member of any eftate," are formal words dill to be found 
tn various deeds. Reed. 



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OF WINDSOR. 325 

fpeak poflitable, if you can carry her your defires 
towards her. 

Shal. That you muft: Will you, upon good 
dowry, marry her? 

Slen. I will do a greater thing than that, upon 
your requeft, couiin, in any reafon. 

Shal. Nay, conceive me, conceive me, fweet 
coz ; what I do, is to pleafure you, coz : Can you 
love the maid ? 

. Slen. I will marry her, fir, at your requeft ; but 
if there be no great love in the beginning, yet 
heaven may decreafe it upon better acquaintance, 
when we are married, and have more occafion to 
know one another : I hope, upon familiarity will 
grow more contempt : • but if you fay, marry her, 
I will marry her, that I am freely diffolved, and 
diflblutely. 

EyA. It is a fcry difcretion anfwer; favc, the 
faul* is in the *ort diflblutely : the 'ort is, accord- 
ing to our meaning, refolutely ; — his meaning is 
good. 

Shal. Ay, I think my coufin meant well. 

Slen. Ay, or clfe I would I might be hang'd, la. 

• I bofe upon familiarity nnill gronv more contempt :] The 

old copy read&—fM/^«/. Stbbvbns. 

Certainljr, the editors in their fagacity have murdered a jeft 
here. It is defigned, no doubt, that Slender (hould fay decreafe, 
inflead of increaje^ and diffohed and di£hlutely^ inflead of refolded 
and refolutely : but to make him fay, on the prefent occa(ion» that 
upon famiiiarit^ will grow more content, inflead of contempt, is 
difarming the fentiment of all \x&falt and humour, and difappoint- 
ing the audience of a reafonablc caufe for laughter. Th e o b a l d. 

Theobald's conjefture may be fupported by the fame intentional 
blunder in Lwe*t Labour* s Lofl: 

** Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me." 

Stbbvbns. 

Y3 



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326 MERRY WIVES 

Reenter Anne Page. 

Shal. Here comes fair miftrefs Anne :-— Would 
I were young, for your fake, miftrefs Anne ! 

Anue. The dinner is an the tabk i my &ther 
defires your worlhips* company. 

SuAL. I will wait on him, fair miitre(s Anne. 

ErA. Od*s pleflcd will ! I will not be abfencc 
at the grace. 

[Ex€unt Shallow and Sir H. Evans. 

AifNn* Will*t pleafe your worftiip to come in^ 
fir? 

Slen. No, I thank you^ forfooth, heartily; I 
am very well. 

Ankb. The dinner attends you, fir. 

Slbn. I am not a-hungry, I thank you, for- 
footh: — ^Go, firrah, for all you are my man, go, 
wait upon my coufin Shallow:^ [-E^^^ Simple. J A 
juflice of peace fometime may be beholden to his 
friend for a man : — I keep but three men and a 
boy yet,* till my mother be dead : But what though ? 
yet I live like a poor gentleman born. 

Anne. I may not go in without your worlhip : 
they will not fit, till you come. 



• Aone. The dinmr attends ym% fir. 

Slcn, — Gp, firrah^ far auym are my mofi, go, fwaii ufon my 
coufin Shallovf :] Thk pailage (hews that it was formerly the 
coftom in England^ as it is now in France, for perfons to be at* 
tended at dinner by their own fervants, whereyer they dined. 

M. Mason. 

* — I keeplna tbreemenmHia hyjeti\h»%VtaXzioo\9Aiht^odL 
has made Slender, it appears, by his boafting of his wealth, his 
breeding and his conra^, that he knew how to win a woman. 
This is a fine infiance otShakipeare's knowledge of nature. 

WAaaunTOK. 



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. Slenders baihfuu behaviour to Akn Page. 

Ann I^^e. fJ^/wy ^U^/.^ ti/ir', u^/A /rfy. 

Slender . ^ na/L^ ^.ra/n^r^uHt/K' Art^^ < yMii^AyU^^tc ' t^^ ^rtuj 9 m^ 

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OF WINDSOR. 3^7 

Slev. I'faith, Pll cat nothing; I thtnk you as 
much as though I did. 

Anne* I pray you, fir, walk in. 

Slbn. I had rather walk here, I thank you : I 
bruis'd my Ihin the oth« day with playing at fword 
and da^er with a mafter of fence,' three veneys 
for a difh of ftew'd prunes ; ♦ and, by my troth, I 
cannot abide the fmell of hot meat fince. Why do 
your dogs bark fo? be there bears i* the town ? 

3 •— — amafterof fence^] Mafier of defence ^ on this occafion» 
does not iimply mean a profdTor of the ait of fencing, but a perfon 
who had taken his mafier*t degree in it. I learn from one of the 
Sloanian MSS. (now in the Britiih Mufeura^ No. iK^o, xxvi. d.) 
which feems to be the fragment of a regifter formerly belonging to 
fome of pur fchools wl^ere the ** Noble Science of Defence/' was 
taught from the year i j:68 to 15839 that in this art there were 
three degrees, viz. vl Mafter' s, a Provolt's, and a Scholar's. For 
each of thefe a prize wasi^yed* as exercifes jue kept in univer£Lties 
for fimilar puipofes. . The weapons they ufed were the axe, die 
pike, rapier and target, rapier and cloke, two fwords, the two«- 
hand fword, the baSatd iword, the dagger and ftaff, the fword 
and buckl^r> the n^ier and dagger, &c« The places where thcj 
exercifed were commonly theatres, halb, or other enclofures fiif- 
ficient to contain a number of ibe^tors ; as El^-Place in Holbom, 
the Bell Savage on Ludgate-Hill, the Curum in HoUywell, the 
Gray Friars within Newgate, Hampton Court, the Bull in 
Vifhopfgate-Street,^ the C&nk, Dnke's Place, Salifbury-Court, 
Bridewell, the Artillery garden, &c. &c. &c. Amoog thofe who 
diftingoifhed themfelves in this fcience, I find Tariton the Comedian, 
who ■* was allowed a matter" the 23d of Oftobcr, 1 587 [I fuppofe, 
either as grand compounder, or by mandamus], he wing " ordi- 
nary ^me of her majefties chamber," and Robert Greene, who 
*' plaide his maifter's prize at Leadenhall with three weapons,'* 
&c. The book from which thefe cxtradb are made, is a fin^^ular 
curiofity, as it contains the oaths, cuftoros, regulations, prizes, 
fummonfes, &c. of this once £ifhionable fociety. K. Henry Fill. 
K, Ednvard VL Philip and Marv, and queen Elizabeth ^ were fre- 
quent fpeftators of their flcill and aftivity. Stebvbns. 

* three ytney^for a difi^t &C.1 i. e. three a;«i«^*, French. 

Three different fet-to's, bouts, (or bits, as Mr. Malone, perhaps 



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328 MERRY WIVES 

Ahvb. I think, there arc, fir ; I heard them 
talked of. 

Slen. I love the fport well ; but I (hall as foon 
quarrel at it, as any man in England : — You are 
afraid, if you fee the bear lodfe, are you not? 

Anne. Ay, indeed, fir. 

Slbn. That's meat and drink to me now : * I 
have feen Sackerfon^ loofe, twenty times; and 



more properly, explains the word,) a technical term. So, in our 
anthor's Love's Lakour*t Loft : ** a quick vefunv of wit." Again, 
in Beaumont and Fletcher's Fhilafter:—** thou wouldft be loth to 
play half a dozen ntenies at Wafters with a good fellow for a broken 
head.'' Agab, in The Two Maids of More^hscke, 1609 • " '^^^ 
was a pafs, 'twas fencer's play, and for the after 'venj, let me ufe 
my ikill." So, in The Famotu Hiftory^ &c. of Caft. Tbo. Stukefy, 

1 60c : ** for forfeits and 'ueuneys given upon a wager at the 

ninth button of your doublet." 

Again, in the MSS. mentioned in the preceding note, ** and at 
any prize whether it be maimer's prize, &c. wh(Sbever doth pLnr 
agaynfte the prizer, and doth ftrike his blowe and clofe with all, io 
t£at the prizer cannot ftrike his blowe after agavne, (hall wynne no 
game for any nteurfe fo given, althoughe it (hold bieake the prizer's 
head." Stb evens. 

^ Thafs meat and drink to me nonu . ] Dekkar has this proverbial 
phra(e in his Satiromaftix : ** Yes fidth, 'tis meat and drink to me J* 

Whallbt. 

6 _- ..^iiriff/Sir— ] Seckarfon is likewife the name of a bear in 
the old comedy of ^/> GHes Goofecap. Stebvens. 

Sackerfon^ or Sacarfon, was the name of a bear that was exhibited 
in our author's time at Paris-Garden in Southwaik. See an old 
colle^on of Epigrams [by Sir John Davies] printed at Middleboorg 
(widiout date, but in or before 1598 :) 

** Publius, a ftudent of the common law, 
•• To Paris^garden doth himfelf withdraw ;-— 
** Leaving <ud Floyden, Dyer, and Broke, alone, 
" To fee old HarrvHunkes and Sacarfonr 
Sacaifon probably had his name from his keeper. So, in the 
tttritatit a comedy, 1607 : ** How many dogs do you think I had 

upon me ? Almoft as many as George Stmu^ the bfori three at 

once," Malokb, 



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OF WINDSOR. 



3^9 



have taken him by the chain : but^ I warrant you^ 
the women have fo cried and Ihriek'd at it, that it 
pafs'd : ' — ^but women, indeed, cannot abide 'em ; 
they are very ill-favour*d rough things. 

Re-enter Page. 

Page. Come, gentle mafter Slender, come; we 
day for you. 

Slen. I'll eat nothing ; I thank you, fir. 

Page. By cock and pye,* you (hall not choofe, 
fir: come, come. 

Slen. Nay, pray you, lead the way. 

Page. Come on, fir. 

Slen. Miftrefs Anne, yourfeif fliail go firil. 

Anne. Not I, fir; pray you, keep on. 

Slen. Truly, I will not go firfl: ; truly, la : I will 
not do you that wrong. 

Anne^ I pray you, fir. 

Slen. I'll rather be unmannerly, than trouble- 
fome : you do yourfeif wrong, indeed, la. [Exeunt. 

1 .^^^^ihat it pafs'd:] // fafi^d, or this paffet, was a way 61 
fpeaking cuftomary heretofore, to fignify the excefs^ or extraordinary 
decree of any thing. The fentence completed would be. This pajjes 
MexpreffioHf or perhaps. This fajfes alttbingu We ftiil \xk faffing 
nvill, faffing ftronge. War burton. 

* Bj cock andfye^ This was a very popular adjuration, and oc- 
ean in many of oar old dramatic pieces. See note on A6t V. fc. u 
K. Haay IF. V. IL Stsevxns. 



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330 MERRY WIVES 

SCENE II. 

The fame. 

Enter SsrlivGH Evans and Simple. 

Efj. Go your ways^ and afk of Do<9»r Caius' 
houfe^ which is the way: and there dwells one 
miftrefs Quickly, which is in the manner of his 
nurfe, or his dry nurfe, or his cook, or his laundry^ 
his waiher, and his wringer. 

Simp. Well, fir. 

JEr^. Nay, it is petter yet: give her this 

letter ; for it is a 'oman that altogether*s acquaint- 
ance' with miftrefs Anne Page; and the letter is, 
to dcfire and require her to folicit your maftcr's 
defires to miftrefs Anne Page : I pray you, be gone ; 
I will mtke an end of my dinners there's pippins 
and cheefe to come. ^ExeuHt^ 

SCENE III. 
• A Room in the Garter Inn. 

£»/^r Falstatf, Hoft, Bardolph, Nvm, Pistol, 
and Robin. 

FjiL. Mine hoft of the Garter, — 
Host. What fays my bully-rook ? * Speak fchoU 
larly, and wifely. 

9 ^^^^tiat altogether's aequahtance-^'] The old cop)r feads-^ 
ahogethers acqoaintance ; but fhould not this be \* that altogether*! 
acquaintance," i. e. that // altogether acquainted ? The Engliih, I 
apprehend, would ftill be bad enough for Evans. Tykwhitt. 

I have availed myfelf of this judicious remaric. Ste e v e ns. 

s -.— — OTf bully*rook ?] The fpelling of this word is comptcd. 



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OF WINDSOR. 331 

Fau Truly, mine hoft, I muft turn away fome 
of my followers. 

Host. Difcard, bully Hercules ; cafliier : let them 
wag; trot, trot. 

Fal. I fit at ten pounds a week. 

Hosr. Thou *rt an emperor, Caefar, Keifar,* and 
Pheezar.* I will entertain Bardolph ; he Ihall draw, 
he (hall tap; faid I well,* bully Hedor? 

Fal. Do fo, good mine hoft. 



and thereby its primitive meaning is loft. The old plays have 
ffenerally imUj^mk, which is right ; and fo it is exhibited by the 
folio edition of thiscomedy» as weU as the 4to. 1619. The latter 
part of this compomid titk is taken from the rooks at the game of 
cheis. Stbbvbns. 

, Buliy^rook feems to hare been the reading of fome editions $ 
in others it is hvSlj'rock. Mr. Steevens's explanation of it, 
as fldluding to chefs-men, is right. But Shakfpeare might pof* 
fibly have given it hvHHj-rock, as rotk is the true name of mSt 
men, which is foftened or corrupted into rook. There is feemingly 
more hmnoor in bally*mi. Whallet. 

t — JCf^r,] The pre&ce to Stowe's Chronicle obfervcs, that 
the Germans ufe the K for C, pronouncing Kejjar, for Cafor^ 
their general word for an emperor. Tollbt« 

4 ^..^and Pheezar.] Pheexar was a made word from phoezjt. 
«• Wifhefxe you," fays Sly to the Hoftcfe, in The Taming of the 
Shrew. Malonb. 

* fa id I twellfl The learned editor of the Canterbufy Tales 

of Chaucer^ in c vols. 8vo. 1775* obfervcs, that this phrafe is given 
to die hoft in the Pardonere's Prologue : 

** Said I not <welf I cannot fpeke in terme :" v. 1 2246. 
and a4ds, '* it may be fufficient witn the other circumdances of 
eeneral refemhlance, to make us believe, that Shakfpeare, when 
he drew that charadler, had not forgotten his Chauceh" The 
fame ^lleman has iince informed tne, that the paflage'Is not 
fonnd m any of the andent printed editions, but only in the MSS. 

Stbbvbni* 

I imagine this phrafe mnft have reached our author in fome other 
way ; (or I fnfpea he did not devote much time to the perufal of 
old Mfs* Malokb. 



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33^ 



MERRY WIVES 



Host. I have fpoke ; let him follow : Let me fee 
thee froth, and lime ; * I am at a word; follow. 

[ExU Hoft. 

Fal. Bardolph, follow him ; a tapfter is a good 
trade : An old cloak makes a new jerkin ; a withered 
fervingman, a frcfh tapfter : * Go ; adieu. 

Bard. It is a life that I have defired ; I will thrive. 

[Exit Bard. 

Pisr. O bafe Gongarian wight ! ' wilt thou the 
fpigot wield ? 



' Let m fee thee froth, and lime :] Thus the quarto ; the 



folio icad»— " and //w." This paffagc had paflcd through all the 
editions without fufpicion of being corrupted ; but the reading of 
the old quartos of 1602 and 161 9, Let me fee thee froth and lime, I 
take to be the true one. The Hoft calls for an immediate fpecimen 
of Bardolph's abilities as a tapfter; and fmhing beer and liming 
fack were tricks pra^HTed in the time of Shakfpeare, The firft was 
done bv putting foap into the bottom of the tankard when thej 
drew the beer; the other> by mixing lime with the fack (i. e« 
flierry) to make it fparkle in the glus* Froth and Irve is fenfe, 
but a little forced ; and to make it fo we muft fuppofe the Hoft 
could euefs by his dexterity in frothing a pot to make it appear 
fuller man it was, how he would afterwards fucceed in the world. 
Falftaffhimfelf complains oiUmed fack. Stebvsns. 

• ^^-^^ a neither* dfervingmaH^ a fr^ taifter:'\ This is not im- 
probably a parody on the old proverb--'' A broken apothecary, a 
new do^r," See Ray's Proverbs, 3d edit. p. 2. Ste evens. 

7 O bafe Gongarian ivight t &c.] This is a parody on a line 
taken from one of the old bombaft plays^ beeinnuig» 

•• O bafe Gongarian, wilt thou the diftaff wield V 
I had marked the paflage down, but forgot to note the play. The 
folio reads — Hungarian. 

Hungarian is iScqwife a cant term. So, in The Merrjf De*vil of 
Edmonton, 1608, the merry Hoft fays, ** I have knights and co* 
lonels in my hou£?, and muft tend the Himgarians*^ 

Again: 

•' Come ye Hungarian pilchers." 
Again, in Wejltvard Hoe, 1.607 : . 

** Play, you louzy Hungarians** 

Again, in Nenvs from Hell, brought hj the DtviPt carrier, by 

Thomas Decker, 1606 : " the leane-jaw'd Hungarian would 

not lay out a penny pot of fack for himfelf.'^ Stbevbns. 



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OF WINDSOR. 333 

Nym. He was gotten in drink : Is not the hu- 
mour conceited? His mind is not heroick^ and 
there's the humour of it.* 

Fal. I am glad^ I am fo acquit of this tinderbox ; 
his thefts were too open : his filching was like an 
unlkiifui finger, he kept not time. 

Nym. The good humour is, to fteal at a minute's 
reft.9 



I 



The HMngttrioHif when infidels« over-ran Germany and France, 
and would have invaded England, if th^ conld have come to it. 
See Stowe» in the year 930, and Holinihed's invafions of Ireland, 

»• 56. Hence their name might become a proverb of bafenefs. 

Etowe's Chronicle, in the year 1492, and Leiand's CoUe^anea, 
Vol. I. p. 6io» fpell it Hongarian (which might be mifprinted 
GimgariaH ;} and this is right according to their own etymology. 
Hoftgyan, i. e« domus foae ftrenai defenfores. Tollbt. 

The word b Gongarian in the firft edition, and fhould be con- 
rinued, the better to fix the allufion. Farmer. 

• humour of //.] This fpeech is partly taken from the cor- 

redled copy, and partly from the flight Iketch in 1602. I mention 
it, that thofe who do not find it in eiuier of the common old editions^ 
may not fafpeA it to be fpurious. Stbe ve ns. 

» at a minute's reft,'] Our anthor probably witotc : 
*• at a minim's reft," Lang ton. 

This conjedlure feems confirmed by a paflage in Romeo and Juliet : 
•* — refts his minim" &c. It may, however, mean, that, like a 
Ikilful harquebuzier, he takes a good aim, though he has rdled his 
piece for a minute only. 

So, in Daniel's Crvil Wars, 8cc. B. VI : 

" Toy^/ up's reft to venture now for all.'* Stebvens. 

A minim was anciently, as the term imports, the ihorteft note in 
mufick. Its meafure was afterwards, as it is now, as long as while 
two mav be moderately counted. In Romeo and Juliet, Ad^ II. fc. iv. 
Mercutio fays of Tibalt, that in fighting he " refts his minim, one, 
two, and the third in your bofom." A minute contains fixty 
feconds, and is a long time for an a^on fuppofed to be inftantaneous. 
Nym means to fav, that the perfeAion of^ftealing is to do it in the 
fliorteft time pofitole. Sir J. Hawkins. 

'Tis true (fays Nym) Bardoiph did not Jteep time ; did not fteal at 
the critical and exadfeaftm, nvhen he ivou/d froBahfy be leaft oi/erved^ 
The true method it, to fteal juft at the inftant when watchjulneft is off 
its guard, and repofes but for a moment. 



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334 MERRY WIVES 

Pi^r. Convqr, the wife it call: ^ Stcaill foh; a 
fico for the phrafe! * 

Fal. Well, firs, I am almoft out at heels. 
Pisr. Why then, let kibes enfue. 

Fal. There is no remedy; I muft coney-catch; 
I muft fhift. 

• Pisr. Young ravens muft have food.* 

Fal. Which of you know Ford of this town? 
Pisr. I ken the wight ; he is of fubftance good. 
Fal. My honeft lads, I will tell you what I am 
about. 

Pisr. Two yards, and more. 

• Fal. No quips now, Piftol ; Indeed I am in the 
waift two yards about : but I am now about no 
wafte ; * I am about thrift. Briefly, I do mean to 

The reading propofed by Mr. Langton certainly correlp(nid« 
more cxaftly with tnc preceding (beech ; bat Shakfpeare fcarcely 
ever purfues his metaphors far. Ma lone. 

9 Convey, the nvift it call:] So, in the old morality of £[^ke 
Scomer, bl. 1. no date : 

** Syr, the horeibns could not corevaye clene ; 
** For an they could have carried by craft aa I can/' &c. 

Stbbatens. 
« ...^.-.tffieo^r tkefkrafi/] u c. a/g- for it. Piftol ufes die 
fame phrafeology in King Henry V : 

** Die and be damn'd ; and^ for thy friendihiD.'' 

dTEEVBNS. 

« 2 Yina^ mvent mufi kBOK/bod.] An adage. Scs Ray's Pmvr^/. 

Stbevbits. 
. 4 .^^^^ahdut «a wafte;] I find the fiune play on woxds in Hcyw 
ivood'a J^irramst. 1562 : 

" Where am I leaft, hnlband ? qoodi he, in the mmift; 
<< Which Cometh of tfais» thoa art Tengeanoe ftnk lac'd. 
** Whece am I big^ft, wife ? in the mfte» quA. ftie, 
*^ For all is *waftf m yon, as far as I fee.** 
And ^galn* in The Wedding, a comedy» by Shizky, 1629 : 
'^ He's a ^reat man in^ed ; 

<' Something given to the nua^, for he lives within «a reaJoKaik 
f9m^fs,'*^ Stbevens. 
I 



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OF WINDSOR. 



33S 



make love to Ford's wife ; I fpy etitertainment in 
her } ihe difcourfds^ (he carves,* flie gives the leer 
of invitation : I can conlbrue the adion of her fa- 
miliar ftyle ; and the hardeft voice of her behaviour, 
to be Englilh'd rightly, is, lam fir John Faljlafs. 

Pur. He hath ftudy*d her well, and tranflatcdt 
her well J ^ out of honefty into Englifh. 

Nru. The anchor is deep:' Will that humour 
pafs? 

* Jhe carves,] It fhould be remembered, that ancieatly the 

yonnfi; of bodi iexes were inilFu^led vn earving^ as a neceiTarf ac« 
coro^ihment. In 1508, Wynkyn de Worde publifhed ** A Boke 

French courtier : ** — He can carve too, and lifp," Stbeveks, 

6 — .-^/tf^ V ier weU, ami tranflated her wdl ;] Thos d« firft 
qyartow The folio, 162$, teads^^** ftndied her tvill, and ttan^ 
latedher^Au///' Mr. Malone ob&nres, that Aere ia a findar coiw 
ruptioa ia the iblio copy of JCimg Lear. In the ouarto, 1608, 
^giiat. B, we find — " fioce what I tjoell intend ;" iaftead of which 
die folio exhibits—'* fince what I <wi/7 intend/' &c* 

Tranjiatnm is not nfed in its cooanon acon>tatioQ, but means to 
tp^iam^ as one language is explained by anotner. So, in Hamlet i 
«• thefe profbuad hetfres 

«' You mnft traajlatei 'tis fit we underftand tbenu" 
Again, in Troilm and Cr^da : 

V Did in great Qion thus tranflate him to me.*' 

Stbevbks. 

7 ne anchor // deep .*] I fee not what relation the anchor has to 
tnmflatioH. Perhaps we may read — the audior is deep ; or perhapa 

. the line is out of its place, and fhoald be inferted lower, after Fal- 
ftaff has faid, 

** Sail like my mnnace to dioie golden fhores," 
It may be obferved, that in the hands of that time imchor aad aw 
thpr could hardly be diftinguiihed. Job ksok. 

<* The anchor ii deep,** any meaiv-^ h0pes ar^ 'oaUfamided. 
So, in TheKmgbt of the Bkmhtg Pefile, by BeanoMMU and fletcher : 

« Now my kteft icjk, 

** Forfake me not, but fling thy mchr out, 
*< Andktithold!'' 
^igpixk^ as Mr. M. Mafbn obfenres, in Fktcher's^ ITww^ Hater : 
** Farewell, mj hopes ; my anchor now is brokea.'* 
In the year 1558 a ballad> iotided ** Hold the oncer &&»'* is 
entered on dw booka of the Stadoaers' Company* Stsivens. 



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336 MERRY WIVES 

Fal. Now, the report goes, (he has all the rule 
of her hufband's purfe ; (he hath legions of angels.^ 

Pi^r. As many devils entertain 5 • and. To ber^ 
ioy, iky I. 

NrM. The humour rifes ; it is good : humour 
me the angels. 

Fal. I have writ me here a letter to her: and 
here another to Page's wife; who even now gave 
me good eyes too, examined my parts with mod 
judicious eyliads : ^ fometimes the beam of her view 
gilded my foot, fometimes my portly belly.* 

Dn Johnfon very acatdy propofes *' the mahwr is deep." He 
reads with the firft copy, ** be hath ftudied her nueUJ* — And from 
this equivocal word, Nym^ catches the idea of deefnefs. Bat it ia 
almoft impoflible to afcertain the di^ion of this whimucal chanter : 
and I meet with a phrafe in Fenner's Comptor's Commoniuealib, i6i7» 
which may perhaps fupport the old reading : " Mafter Decker's 
Bellman cf London^ hath fet forth the vices of the time (b Kvdy, 
that it is impoflible the anchor of any other man's braine could 
found the fea of a more deepe and dreadful mifcheefe/' 

FaaMER. 

Nvm, I believe, only means to fay, the fcheme for debauching 
Ford's wife is deep ;*-well laid. Malone. 

7 — {he hath leeions of angelt,] Thus the old quarto* The 
folio reads-^*' he haSi a legt/td of angels* " Steevens. 

* Aj many devils entertain ;] i. e« do you retain in your Jer" 
vice as many devils as (he has angels. So» in The T<wo Gemtlemem 
of Verona : 

^ *• Sweet lady, entertain him for youi fervant.'* 
This is the reading of the folio. Malonb. 
The old quarto reads : 

•* As many devils attend her/** &c. Stebvkits* 
9 ^^-^m^eyliads :] This word is differently fpdt in all the copies* 
It occurs affain, in King Lear, Ad IV. fc. v : 

** She gave ftrange ceiliads, and moft fpeaking looks, 
•• To noble Edmund." 
I fuppofe we Ihould write oeillades, French. Stbbvens. 

* fi nutimes the beam of her view gilded ny foot, Jometimet 
my fortfy belfyJ] So, in our author's 20th Sonnet : 

** An eye more bright than their's, lefs falfe in rolling, 
** GfA/fVrj^ the object whereupon it gazeth/* Malone* 



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OF WINDSOR. 337 

Pi&r. Then did the fun oh dung-hill Ihine.* 
Nym^ I thank thee for that humour/ 
Fal. O, (he did fo courfe o'er my exteriors with 
fuch a greedy intention,* that the appetite of her 
•eye did feem to fcorch me up like a burning-glafs ! 
Here's, another letter to her: fhe bears the purfe 
too ; ihe is a region in Guiana, all gold and boun- 
ty.^ I will be cheater to them both, and they fhall 
be exchequers to me ; ' they Ihall be my Eaft and 
Weft Indies, and I will trade to them both. Go, 

* Thin did thi fun oMduHg-hiUJbme.'] So, in Lyly's £«f/A«w, 1581 : 
" Thc.fan Ihin^th upon the dunghill." Holt Whits. 

^ that humour.] What diflinguiihes the language of Njrm 

from that of the other attendants on Talftaff, is the conftant repe- 
jtition of this phrafe. In the time of Shakfpeare fuch an afietetion 
feems to have been fufficient to mark a chandler. In Sir Giles 
Gooficap, a play of which I have no earlier edition than that of 
1606, the fame peculiarity is mentioned in the hero of the piece : 
" — his only reafon for tytry thing is, that lue are all mortal i 
then hath he another pretty phrafe too, and that is, he will tickk 
the vanity of every thing." Stebvens. 

^ M//xr/^,] i. e. eageme&ofddire. Ste^vrns. 

^ fi fe is a regiM.in Guiana, all gold and houutj,'] If the tra- 

dition be true (as I doubt not but it is) of this play being wrote at 
queen Elizabeth's command, this pailage, perhaps, may furnifli a 



probable conjedhire that it could not appear till aner the ye^r i r^8. 
The mention of Guiana, then fo lately difcovered to the £ngliih, 
was a very happ^ compliment to fir Walter Raleigh, who did not 
begin his expeaition tor South America till 1 50;, and returned 
from it in 1 596, with an advantmons account ot the great wealth 
of Guiana. Such aa addrefs of the poet was likelv, I imagine, 
to have a proper impreffion on the people, when the mtelligoice of 
fuch a jrolden country was frefh m tneir minds, and gave then> 
expectations of immenfe gain. Theobald, 

'i I will he cheater to them both, and they J&all be exchequers 
to mei\ The fame joke is intended here, as in The Second Part of 
Henry the Fourth, Aft II : 

^f — I will bar no honeft man my houfe, nor no cheater,"-^ 

By which is meant E/cheatour, an officer in the Exchequer, in 
no good repute with the common people, Warbvrton. 

Vot. III. Z 



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338 MERRY WIVES 

bear thou this iecter to tniftrefs P^< and thou 
this to miftrefs Ford : wc will thrivei lads, wc will 
thrive. 

Pi ST. Shall I fir Pandarus of Troy become. 
And by my fide wear fi:eel ? then, Lucifer take all t 

NrM. I will run no bale humour : here^ take the 
humour letter; I will keep the 'haviour of reputa^ 
tion. 

Fal. Hold, firrah, {to Rob.] bear you thcfe letw 
ters tightly;' 
Sail like my pinnace ^ to thefe golden (hores. — 
Rogues, hence, avaunt ! vanifh uke haiUfi:ones, go ; 
Tnidge, plod, away, o'the hoofs feek (belter, pack t 

^ '-''—' bear joutiififltiim6ghAy;]Le.d€mlj9^^ Sc^ 
in AiMpr and ClnfaMtf Antaof, putdag on his amxmr, fay^ 
•* My qoeea's a f^viie 
'* More Hgii at thia, than dioa.'' Malons. 

No phrafe it fe connnon in the eafttm eoonties of this kingdom, 
and pazticitoly in Saffi>Bc» ZMgoodti^btfy, fer hifilj atd rffieatiaUjm 

HB9LET^ 

9 -.-^in^ pkmoce— -*] A {unnace ftenu anciently to have €gni^ 
lied a finsA Teftl» or (loop, amending on a laiger. So« in How- 
ley's Whtnymfu me yon bono me^ x6f 3 : 
'• -—— was lately fent 
« With thieefcoie fiul of ihips aad fkataceu'' 
Agsan, in MtJti^ei the Turk^ 1610 : 

<« Oar life II bat a failing to onr death 
^ Through the world's ocean : it makes no matter then, 
** Whether we put into the world's vaft fea 
" Shipp'd in ^fnaaa^ or an argofy." 
At prefent it fignifies only a man of *wars boat. 
A pafTage fimikr to this of Shakfpeare occurs in Tbt Uumottrouf 
LuMtenantt by Beaumont and Fletcher: 
" '— ^this tmMUlphmaee 
•• Shall fail for gJd:* Stiitbks* 
A phauui is a fmaU veflel with a fquare fleni> havii^ fiub and 
oars, and carrying three mafts; chiefly ufed (fays Rott, in his 
DiaHntafyrfCommerctJ^ m^Jtmi Sot intelltgcnce, and for landing 
ofmcio* Malokb* 



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OF WINDSOR. 339 

FaUbtflTwill Icam the humour of this age/ 
French thrift, you rogues ; mjrfcif, and fkirted page. 
[Exeuni Falstaff and Robin. 

Pisr. Let vultures gripe thy guts I * for gourd» 
and fullam holds. 
And high and low beguile die rich and poor : ^ 



* ^'^'tbe hamoar ^this Ar<,] Thus the 4to, i6ig : The folio 
leads— the i&0wr of/ jr age. Stbevens. 

) Let nmltnres fpft thy gttis /] This hemiiUtch is a burlefque oa 
a paflage in famGnUnK, or Th Sytbian Sbepberd, of which play a 
more particular accoimt is givea in one of the notes to Hemry IF^ 

P. II. Aa II. fc iv. STfiBVBNS. 

Ifuppofe the following is the paflage intended to be ridicnled: 
*< — -^and now doth gnaftly death 
** With medy talents [talons] ^>^ my bleeding heart, 
•• And fflcc a harper [harpy] tyers on my life." 
Again, ibid: 

'* Gripimf our b9'u9eb with retorted dionghts." Maloni. 

4 ^.^^^fwr goard, and fullam bolist 
Ami mgh *md low htguiU the rich andfoar:'] Fullam is a cant 
eorm for Me dice, hi^ and Itw. Torriano, m his Italian Eic- 
Cionary, internees Pijeov/al/e dice, high oHdhw men, highfidlamt 
mad lew faUamt* Jodon, in his ^m Man ma of his Hunumr^ 
qoibbks spon this cant term : ** Who^iefervef Uehefsbi^TDen 
and low men, he has a fair living at Fullam.'*— As for gwrd, or 
nAiKgprd, it was anodber inftrument of gaminr, as i^ppears from 
Beaomont and Fletdier's Scmmfkl Ladj^: << ^£Utiy dry home cam 
fwuh at mthing now, but go&ds or nme-fnns.'' Warbu&ton. 

In The London Frodigall find the following enumeration of ftlfe 
dice*— " I bequeath two bale of £dfe dice, videlicet, high met^ 
aad Uvf men, fillomt, fbp cater-tiaies, and other bones of fimo- 
lion.'* 

Green, vx^Jrt o/Jug^ng, kc i6is, fays, <' What flumld 
I tuf aoie of Bdfe dice, ^ fulloms, hirh men, lowe men, gourdt, 
ind brizkd dice, navierB, demies, ana contraries?'* 

Again, in The BelLman of London, by Decker, 5th edit. 1640; 
among the falie dice are enumerated, <^ a bale of fnllanu.'*^^** A 
htlc of gordet, with as many itijf^^wrw as &«MMr» for pa&ge.'' 

STBBTBVf* 

Gmrdt weae probably dice ia wUcb a fccret cmty bad beta 

Z z 



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340 MERRY WIVES 

Teller PII have in pouch, wheh thou (halt lack, 
Bafe Phrygian Turk ! 

NyM. I have operations in my head/ which be 
humours of revenge. 

Pisr. Wilt thou revenge ? 
Nym. By welkin, and her liar ! 
Pisr. With wit, or lleel ? 

Nym^ With both the humours, I : 
t will difcufs the humour of this love to Page.^ 

Pisr. And I to Ford Ihall eke unfold. 
How FalllafF, varlet vile. 
His dove wUl prove, his gold will hold. 
And his foft couch defile. 



made ; fullams, thofe which hs£d been loaded with a fm^Il bit of lead. 
High men and hw t/UMy which were likewife cant terms^ explain 
themfclyes. High numbers on the dice, at hazaidy are from fivct to 
twelve, inclufive; low, from aces to foun Ma Lone. 

Hieh and low men were felfe dice, which, being chiefly madtt 
at FiOham, were thence called ** high and low Fulkams.** The 
jhieh Fu/hamswtst the numbers, 4, 5, and 6. See the manner in 
wmch thefe dice were made, in 7%e Complete Gofkefter^ p. 1 2. edit* 
1676, i2mo« Douce. 

5 ,^^^^m my beadi\ Thefe words which are omitted in dit 
foUo, were recovered by Mr* Pope from the early qoslrto. 

^ I will difmft tin tumour of this IcFve to Paee«} Hie £>lio reads : 
«f — to iVr^;" but the very reverie of this happens* See Aa II« 
where Nym makes the dtfcovery to Fage, and not to. Fori, as here 
promifed ; and Fiflol, on the ower hand, to Ford, and not to Fage^ 
Shak^peare is frequently guilty of thefe little forgetftdndfes. 

Stbevbhs* 
The folio reads — to Ford\ and in the next line — and I to 
Fage; itc* But the reverfe of this (as Mr. Steevens has obferved) 
happens in AA IL where Nym makes the difcovery to Page, and 
Piftolto Ford. I have therefore coneded the text from the old 
quarto, where Nym declares he will make the difcovery to Page ; 
and Piflol <ays, •* And Ito Ford will likewife tell—." Maloni. 



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OF WINDSOR. 341 

Ntm. My humour fhall not cool : Iwillincenfe 
Page' to deal with poifon ; I will poffefs him with 
yellownefs/ for the revolt of mien' is dangerous : 
that is my true humoun 

Pisr. Thou art the Mars of malcontents : I 
fecondthee; troQp on, [Exeunt. 

f JtwiUiaccafc Page, Sec] So, in K, Henry Fill; 

^ fhavc 

<« IficrMs'ddit lords of the council, that he is 

•« A moft arch heretic—." 
In both paflages, to ixcen/e has the fame meaning as to htftigate, 

Stbbvems, 

• — ycllowncfs,] r^//0<u;«if^ is jealoufy. Johnson. 

So, in Lanv Tricks, 8cc* 1608 : 

*• If you have me, you muft not put on jr//ww." 
Again, in Tie Arraignyigent of Paris, 1 584 : 

" 1- Flora well, perdie, 

•* Did paint htt yellow for htt jeaLmfy*** Stbbvens. 

» ..—./i^ rewlt of mien — ] The revolt of mine is the old read- 
ing* Revolt of mien, is change of countenance , one of the effe^ be 
has juft been afcribing to jealoufy, Stebvbns. 

This, Mr. Steevens truly obferves to be the old reading, and it u 
authority enough for the revolt of mien in modem orthography* 
** Know Tou raat ieUow that walketh there ? fays Eliot, 1 593 — 
he is an alchymift by his nune, and hath multiplied all to moon- 
ihine." Farmer. 

Nym means, I think, to fay, that kind of change in the complexion, 
which is caufed by jealouAr, renders the perfm pojfeffed hyfuch a pa/- 
fion dangerous ; confequently Ford will be likely to revenge himfelf 
on Falitaff, and I fliall be gratified* I believe our author wrote-^ 
that revolt, &c. though I have not difturbed the text, ye and yt in 
the Mfs* of his time were ea£ly confounded. Ma lo n^? 



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34a MERRY WIVES 

SCENE IV. 

A Room in Dr. Caius's Houfe. 
Enter Mrs. Quickly, Simple, iiiti Rugby/ 

^icK. What 5 John Rugby ! — I pray thee, go 
to the cafement, and fee if you can tee my mafter, 
mailer Doctor Caius, coming: if he do, i'faith, and 
find any body in the houfe, here will be an. old 
abuiing of God's patience, and the king^s Englifli. 

Rug. I'll go watch. [Exit Rugby. 

^icK. Go ; and we'll have a poffet for't foon 
at night, in faith, at the latter end of a fea-coal 
fire.' An honefl, willing, kind fellow, as ever fer- 
vant fhall come in houfe withal ; and, I warrant 
you, no tell-tale, nor no breed-bate;^ his word 
fault is, that he is given to prayer ; he is fomething 
peeviih that way : ^ but nobody but has his fault; 



« ..... Rti^iy,] This domeftic of Dr. Caius recdved his name 
from a town in Warwickfhire. Stbsvsns. 

' '-^-^ at the latter tudt &c.] That is, when my mafter is in 
bed. Johnson. 

4 -—^jw breed-hiitti] Bate is an bbfolete word, fignifying 
ftrife, contention. So, in uie Countefs of Pembroke's Antomiu, i $95 : 
•' Shall ever civil hate 
" Gnaw and devour our flate ?" 
Again, in Jcolafits, a comedy, 1 540 ) 

** We (hall not fall at bate, or ftryre for this matter." 
Stattyintrfi, in his tranflation of Virgil, 1582, calls Erinnys a 
make-bate, Stebvens. 

s .^he is fomething peevKh that tvay ;] Peevi/Sb is fbolifh. So, in 
Cymbeliue, A&, II : " —he's ftrange and fee^.-^ Stebvens. 

I believe, this is one of dame Quickly's blunden, and that flic 
mcdmfreci/e. Malone. 



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OF WINDSOR. 343 

—but ht tkat pa&. Peter Simple^ you fay your 
name is? 

SiM. Ay, for fault of a better. 

^icK. And mailer Slender'^ your mafter? 

Sim. Ay, forfooth. 

^icK. Does he not wear a great round beard/ 
like a glover's paring-knife ? 

SiM. No, forfooth: he hath but a little wee 
face,^ with a little yellow beard; a Cain-^colour'd 
beard.' 

• — fl grta romtd beard, &c.] Sec a note on K. Henry T. AA HI. 
fc vi : ** And what a beard ot the general's cut/' &c. Malonb. 

7 Uttk wce/v^,] ^^> in the northern dialeft, fignifiea 

ray little* Thus, in the Scottilh proverb that apologiases for a 
little woman's marriage with a big man : *' — - A oiv^ moufe wiU 
peep under a mickle comftadu" Collins. 

So« in Hmvood's Fair Maid of the Weft, a comedy, 1631 : 
** He was nothing ib tall as I; but a little oMif man, and fomewhat 
hutch-back'd.'* 

Again, in The Wifdom •fDoB^r DodyfM, 1600 : 
<* Some two nules, and a «mv bit, fir." 

Wee is derived from 'weeni^, Dutch* On the authority of the 
4]to, 1 610, we might be led to read oyi&^-face: ** — Somewhat 
of a weakly man, and has as it were a <«;i&^-coloured beard«" 
Macbeth calls one of the meflengers ^i^-face. Stebvbns. 

Little wee is certainly the right reading; it implies foraething 
extremely diminutive, and is a veiy common vulgar idiom in the 
North. Wee alone, has only the fignification ei little. Thus Clever 
kmd: 

" A Yorkfhire nnee bit, longer than a mile," 

The proverb is a mile and a wee bit; i. e. about a league and a 
half. KiTsoN. 

< ..«..». tf Csin-coUMT^d beard.] Cain and Judas, in the tapeftries 
and pidhires of old, were repretented withj^^/Zbot; beards. 

Theobald. 
Theobald's conjeAure may be countenanced bv a parallel ex* 
preffion in an old play called Blurt Mafter Conftable, or. The Sfa^ 
niards Night'Walk, i6oz: 

«« overall, 

*' A goodly, long, diick, Abraham^cobur'dhcdJiJ* 

Z4 



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344 MERItY AVIVES 

^ujcK. A foftiy-fprightcd man, is he not? 

Sim. Ay, forfooth : but he is as tall a man of his 
hands/ as any is between this and his head ; he 
hath fought with a warrcnen 



Again^ in Sdimaa and Perfida^ i $99, Bafilifco fays : . 

" where b the cldcft Ion of Priam» 

'* That Ahraham^cohurd Trojan ?" 

I am not however, certain, but that Abraham may be a corrup- 
tion o£ auburn. 

Again, in The Spant/h fragedy^ 160 J : 

*' And let their bear<& be oi Judas his own colour" 
Again, in A Cbriftian turn' d Turi, 161 2: 

«' That's he in the Judas beard." 

Again, in 7h^ Injatiate Count efs, 1613 : 

" I ever thought hy his red beardht would prove ay^/^flr//* 
In an age, when but a fmall part of the nation could read, ideas 
were frequently borrowed from reprefentations in painting or ta- 
peftry. A r^zn^-colour'd beard however, [the reading of the quar- 
to,] might fignify a beard of the colour of cane^ i. e. a fickly 
ydlow ; for ^mov-coloured beards are mentioned in A Midfummer 
Night* s Dream, Stbevbns, 

The words of the quarto, — a wi&^-colour'd beard, ftrongly fe- 
Vour this reading ; for ijohej and cane are nearly of the fame colour* 

Ma LOR B. 

The new edition of Leland's ColkBanta^ Vol. V. p. 295, af- 
ferts, that painters conftantly reprefcnted Judas the traytor with a 
rtd head. Dr. Plot's Oxford/hire, p. 155, fays the fame. This 
conceit is thought to have ari(en in England, from our ancient 
grudge to the red-haired Danes. Tollbt. 

Sec my quotation in King Henry VIII. Aft V. fc. ii. 

Stebyens. 

* as tall a man of his hands ^ Perhaps this is an allnfion 

to the jockey meafure, fo many hands high, ufed by grooms whea 
fpeaking of horfes. Tail^ in our author's time, figmficd not only 
height of ftature, but ftoutnefs of body. The ambiguity of the 
phrafe feems intended. Percy. 

Whatever be the origin of this phrafe, it is very ancient, being 
ufed by Gower : 

*' A worthie knight was of his honde, 

** There was none fuche in all the londe." 

De Confeflione Amantis, lib. v. foL 118. b. 

Steevems. 



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OF WINDSOR, 345 

^icK. How fay you ? — ^O, I Ihould remember 
him ; Does he not hold up his head^ as it were ? and 
ftrut in his gait? 

Sim. Yes, indeed, docs he. 

^icK* Well, heaven fend Anne Page no worfe 
fortune ! Tell mafter parfon Evans, I will do what 
I can for your niafter: Anne is a good girl, and I 
wi(h — 

Re-enter Rugby. 

Rug. Out, alas ! here comes my mafter. 

^icK. We Ihall all be Ihent : "^ Run in here, 
good young man ; go into this clofet. [Shuts Sim- 
ple in the clofet. ^ He willnot ftay long. — What^ 
John Rugby ! John, what, John, I fay ! — Go, John, 
go enquire for my mafter; I doubt, he be not 
well, that he comes not homt :— •■and down, down, 
adown-a,* &c, [Ji^g^* 



The tall man of the old dramatick writers, was a man of a bold, 
intrepid difpofition, and inclined to quarrel ; fuch as is defcribed 
by Steevens in the fecond fcene of the third adl of this play. 

M. Mason. 
*< A tall man of his hands'' fometimes meant quick-handed, 
a^ye ; and as Simple is here commending his mafter for his gym* 
oaftick abilities, perhaps the phrafe is here ufed in that fenfe. See 
Florio's Italian Didlionary, i J98, in v. *« Manefco. Nimble or 
quick-handed; a tall man of his hands." Ma lone. 

9 Wejhall all he Ihcnt :] i. e. Scolded, roughly treated. So, 
in the old Interlude of Nature^ bl. 1. no date : 

** 1 can tell thee one thyng, 

" In fayth you wyll htfientJ* Steevens. 

* ^.^-^and doivni down^ adewn-Oj &c.] To deceive her mafter, 
(he fings as if at her work. Sir J. Hawkins. 

This appears to have been the burden of fome fong then well 
known, in E'very Woman in her Humour y 1609, fign, E i. one 
of the charadcrs rays, *' Hey good boics I iTaith now a three man's 



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346 MERRY WIVES 

Enter DoSlor Caius.^ 

Caius. Vat is you fing? I do not like defe tojrs ; 
Pray you, go and vetch me in my clofct un hitter 
verd I ^ a h^^ a green«a box i Do intend vat I fpeak ? 
« green^t box. 

SviGK. hy^ forfooth^ 1*11 fetch it you. I am 
glad he went not in himfelf: if he had found the 
young man, he would have been horn-mad. 

[Aftde. 

Caius. Fe^fefe^fe! mafoi, il fait fort cbaud. 
ye m*en vais a la Cour, — la grande affaire. 



fongy or the old dvwiu €^vnu : \rell things mxA be as they may; 
fil's the odier auart : maikadine with an eggt is fine, there's a time 
for all things, oonos nochioe.'^ Rsbd. 

< Enter D&acr Cains.] It has been thought ftrange, that onr 
anthor fhoold take the name of Caius fan eminent pwfician who 
flourilhed in the reign of Elizabeth, and founder of Caius College 
in our univerfity} for his Frenchman in this comedy ; but Shak- 
ipeare was little acquainted with literary hiftory; and without 
doubt, from this unufual name, fuppofed him to haye been a fo« 
reign quack. Add to this, that the do^or was handed down as a 
kind of Roficrudan : Mr. Ames had in MS. one of the *' Secret 
Writings of Dr. Caius.'* Fa&mbr. 

This charaAer of Dr, Cisius might have been drawn from the 
lifis; 9B in yaeie of Dover's ^uefi of Encuirie, 1604* (perhaps are. 
publication,) a ftory called The Foole of Wiufor begins dius ; ** Upon 
a time there was in Winfir a certain fimple outtandifbe doSor of/bi- 
fide belonging to the deane," &c. Steevbms. 

4 jgn boitier nferd\\ Boitier in French fignifies a cafe of 

furgeon's inftruments. Gr a y, 

I belieye it rather means a box offahe^ or cafe to hold fimples, 
for which Caius profefles to feek. The fame word, fomewhat cur* 
tailed, is nfed by Chaucer, in 72r Fardeneres Prologue^ v. 12241 : 
** And every boiji ful of thy letuarie." 
Agam, in The Shnners' Play, in the Chefter CoUeftion of 
Myfteries, MS. HarL p. 149 : Mary Magdalen fays: 
** To balme his bodye that b fo brighte, 
** Boyfie here have I brought," Stbev£kt. 



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D^'CAIUS difcovering SIMPLE in his Clofet. 



limdonJiMifA'dHttmaryi; i;Sk fyakari^Taylar^S^err^taU^JTifa^rru 



OF WIND so R. 347 

^ICK. Is it this, fir ? 

Caius. Ouyi meite le au mm pocket; Depecbe^ 
quickly : — ^Vcrc is dat knave Rugby ? 

^icK* What, John Rugby ! John ! 

Rug. Here, fin- 

Caivs. You are John Rugby, and you are Jack 
Rugby : Come, take-a your rapier, and come after 
my heel to de court* 

Rug. 'Tis ready, fir, here in the porch. 

Caius. By my trot, I tarry too long : — Od's me ! 
^^ayfouhlii? dere is fome fimples in my clofet^ 
dat I vill not for the varld I (hall leave behind, 

S^viOK. Ah me! he'll find the young man there, 
and oe mad. 

Caius. diable^ diable! vat is in my clofet? — 
Villainy! larron! [Pullii^g Simple w/.J Rugby, 
my rapier. 

^icK. Good mafter, be content. 
Caws. Verefore fliall I be content-a ? 
^icK. The young man is an honeft man. 
Caius. Vat ftiall de honeft man do in my clofet? 
dere is no honeft man dat ftiall come in my clofet. 

^(//CJT. I befeech you, be not fo flegmaticki 
hear the truth of it : He came of an errand to me 
from parfon Hugh. 

Caws. Veil. 

Sim. Ay, forfooth, to defire her -to 

^iCK. Peace, I pray you. 

Caws. Peace-a your tongue : — Speak-a your tale. 

Sim. To defire this honeft gentlewoman, your 
maid, to fpeak a good word to miftrefs Anne Page 
for my mafter, in the way of marriage. 
I 



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348 MERRY WIVES 

^iCK. This is all^ indeed, la ; but PU ne'er put 
my finger in the fire, and need not. 

Caws. Sir Hugh fend-a you? — Rugby, haillez, 
me fome paper : Tarry you a little-a while, [writes. 

^icK. I am glad he is fo quiet : if he had been 
thoroughly moved, you fhould have heard him fo 
loud, and fo melancholy; — But notwithftanding, 
man, I'll do your mafter what good I can: and 
the very yea and the no is, the French Dodlor, my 
mafter, — I may call him my mafter, look you, for 
I keep his houfe ; and I wafli, wring, brew, bake, 
fcour, drefs meat and drink,* make the beds, and 
do all myfelf ; — 

Sim. *Tis a great charge, to come under one 
body's hand. 

^uiCK. Are you avis'd b'that? you ftiall find 
it a great charge : and to be up early, and down 
late; — ^but notwithftanding, (to tell you in your 
ear ; I would have no words of it ;) my mafter him- 
felf is in love with miftrefs Anne Page : but not- 
withftanding that, — I know Anne's niind, — thj^t's 
neither here nor there. 

Caws. You jack'nape ; give-a dis letter to Sir 
Hugh; by gar, it is a Ihallenge: I vill cut his 
troat in de park ; and I vill teach a fcurvy jack- 
a-nape prieft to meddle or make: — ^you may be 
gone; it is not good you tarry here: — by gar, I 
vill cut all his two ftones ; by gar, he (ball not 
have a ftone to trow at his dog. [Exit Simple, 

^icK. Alas, he fpeaks but for his friend, 

* r* — f' drefs meat iwr^ drink,] Dr. Warburton thought the word 
drink ought to be expunged j but by drink Dame Quickly mlgh^ 
have intended potage and foup, of which her mafter may be fup- 
pofed to have b^n as fond as the reft of hi$ countrymen. 

MAtoNe* 



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OF WINDSOR* 349 

Caws. It is no matter-a for dat :— do not you 
tell-a me dat I Ihall have Anne Page for myfelf ? 
— by gar, I vill kill de Jack prieft;^ and I have 
appointed mine hoft of de J art err e to meafure our 
weapon : — by gar, I vill myfelf have Anne Page. 

^icK. Sir, the maid loves you, and all Ihall 
be well : we muft give folks lealve to prate : What, 
the good-jer ! ' 

Caws. Rugby, come to the court vit me ; — ^By 
gar, if I have not Anne Page, I fhall turn your 
head out of my door : — Follow my heels, Rugby. 

[Ekeunt Caius and Rugby. 

^uicK. You (hall haveAn fools^head • of your own. 
No, I know Anne's mind for that : never a woman 
in Windfor knows more of Anne*s mind than I 
do ; nor can do more than I do with her, I thank 
heaven. 

Pent. [fVitbtn.'l Who's within there, ho? 

^icK. Who's there,: I trow? Come near the 
home, I pray you. 

* de ]?iC\i priefi \\ Jack in our author's time was a term of 

contempt : So, faucy Jaclty &c. Sec K. Henry IF. P. I. Aft III. 
ic. iii*: " The prince is a Jack, a fneak-cup ;" and Much ado about 
Notbing, Ad I. fc, i : " — do you play the flouting Jack f" 

Malokb. 

^ Wbat tie good'jerl] She means io {ky-^** the goujere, i. c. 
nwrhu Galikuu . So, in K. Lear : 

«* Tht goujeret fhall devour them."- 

See Hanmer's note. King Lear, Aft V. fc. iii. Stekvbns. 

Mrs. Quickly fcarcely ever pronounces a hard word rightly. 
Good-jer and Good-year were in our author's time common corrupt 
tions of gemjen ; and io the books of that age the word is as often 
written one way as the other. M a l o n e. 

« YoM Jball ban;e An fooPs^head ] Mrs. Quickly, I believe, 

intends a quibble between atm, founded broad, and one, which was 
formerly fometimes pronounced on, or with nearly the fame found. 
In the Scottifh dialed one is written, and I fuppofe pjx>nounced, 
ane. — ^In 1603, w*^ publilhcd " Jne vcrie excellent and ddeftable 
Treatifc, intitulit Pbiktus,'* &c. Malone. 



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350 MERRY WIVES 

Enter Fenton. 

Fekt. How now, good woman j how doft thou ? 
^UJCK. The better, that it pleafcs your good wor- 
fhip to afk. 
pENr. What news ? how does pretty miftrefs Anne ? 

^icK. In truth, fir, and ftie is pretty, and honeft, 
and gentle ; and one that is your friend, I can tell 
you that by the way ; I praife heaven for it* 

pEnr. Shall I do any good, thinkeft thou ? Shall 
I not lofe myfuit? 

^icK. Troth, fir, all is in his hands above : but 
notwithftaixiing, mdter Fenton, Til be fworn on a 
book, fhe loves you : — Have not your worfhip a 
wart above your eye? 

Pent. Yes, marry, have I ; what of that ? 

^icK. Well, thereby hangs a tale ; — good faith, 
it is fuch another Nan; — but, I deteft,^ an honeft 
maid as everljroke bread : — Wc had an hour's talk 
of that wart ; — I fhall never laugh but in that maid*s 
company! — But, indeed, flie is given too much to 
allicholly * and mufing : But for you — Well, go to. 

Pent. Well, I ftiall fee her to-day : Hold, there'i 
money for thee $ let me have thy voice in my be- 
half: if thou feeft her before nW, commend me— 

%jicK. Will I ? i'faith,that we will : and I will 
tell your worfliip more of the wart, the next time 
we have confidence ; and of other wooers. 

9 -httt, I defteft,] She meona — Ipnt^. Mai,oji«. 

The fame intended miibke occars in Meafure fir Meajkre, Aft 
n. ic. i : ** My wife, fir, whom I ^^ before heaveii and your 
hoDoar/' &c. — ** Doft thou deuft her therefore ?" Stbevens. 

• ■ ■ I to atlicholljr •] And yet, in a former part of this veiy 

icene, Mrs. Quickly is mam to utter the word — melancholy, with- 
o«t the leaft corruption of it. Such is the iacoofiftency of die fixft 
folio, Stebysnj, • 



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OF WINDSOR. 3S^ 

Fjwf r. Well, farewell s I am in great hafte now. 

[Exit. 

i^/cir. Farewell to your worihif). — ^Truly, an 
hooeft gentleman; but Anne loves him not; for I 
know Anne's mind as well as another does :*— Out 
upon't ! what have I forgot ?• [£*■//. 



ACT 11. S C E N E I. 

Before Page's Hou/e. 

Enter Miftrefs Page» with a letter. 

Mrs. Page. What ! have I *fcaped love-letters 
In the holy-day time of my beauty^ and am I now 
a fubjed for them ? Let me fee: [reads. 

AJk me no reafon why I love ym\ for though love 
ufe reafon for bis prectfiany he admits him not for bis 
founfellor:^ Tou are not youngs no more am I; go to 

» ^--Otitt^Ui nnhoihafoe I forg9t ^1 Thti cxcnfc forlcavinffthc 
^ge, is rather too near Dr. Caius's ** Od's me ! qu'ay j'oubli6 r' m 
the former part of thefcene. Stbbyshi. 

^ thmA hue ufe nafm for bis prcclfian* be admits bim mt 

fir bit cetm/f&r:'\ This is obfcuie: bat the meaning is» fbougb 
iwefermt reafon to tell nvbat is fit to he done, be JeUom follows its 
etdmce^i-"^ preciftOM^ is meant one v^o pretend to a more than 
oxdinaiy degree of virtae and fandity* On which accoimt thejr 
gave this name to the poritans of that time. So Ofbome — ^* Coitm 
firmtbeirmode^'words, wtdlooks, totbefe prscisians/' AodMaiac^ 
m hia Cit^ Match : 

«< — ^-I did commend 

«< A great pascisiAN to her for her woman**' 

WAaBvarov* 
Of this word I do not fee anv meaning that is very appofiteto 
Ae prefcnt intention. Perhaps Falftafffaid^ Tbougb love ufe reafon as 
bis fhyfician, be admits bim not for bis amnfellor. This will be plain 
fenie. Aik not the reafat of my love ; the bnfinefs of neajom is 
not to affift love, but to curt \U There may however be this 



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352 MERRY WIVES 

tbefty there* s/ympatby : you are merr^t Jo am /; Hat 
ha ! then there* s more/ympaihy : you love/ack, and Jo 
do I; Would you dejire better Jympathy ? L^t itfuffice 
thee, tnijlrefs Page, (at the leaft, if the loveof a/ot^ 
dier canjufficej thai Hove thee. I will mtfay, pity 
me, *tis not a JoldierMke phra/e ; bui I fay, Jove me. 
By me. 

Thine own true knight. 

By day or night, ^ 

Or any kind of light, 

With all his might, 

Fof thee to fight, John Falftaffl 

meaning in the prefent reading. Though t&ve^ when he would 
fubmit to regulation^ may ufe rectfm as bis frecifian^ or dire£lor in 
nice cafes> yet when he is only eager to attain his end^ he takcc 
not feafon for his amnftlhr. Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon wifhes totedAphyficitm ; and this conje^re becomes 
almofl a certainty frooi a line in our author's J 47th fonnet : 

*« My reafon Hb&phyjician to my love/* &c. Farmer* 

The chara^er of a precifian feems to have been veiy generally 
ridiculed in the time of 3i»ci]3eare. So, in The Malcokieut, 1604 : 
•* You muft take her in the right vein then ; as, when the fign is 
in Pifces, a fifhmonger's wife is veiy fociable : \sy Cancer» a prra^ 
Jians wife is very flexible.** 
Again, Dr. Fauftus^ 1604: 

" I will fet my countenance like ^ precifian f* 
Again, in Benjonfon's Cafe is alter d, 1609: 
** It is precifianifm to alter that, 
•* With aufterc judgement, which is given by nature," 

Stseveks. 
Ifphjfician be the right heading, the meaning may be this ; A 
lover uncertain as yet of fuccefs, never takes reafon for his <:oun« 
fellor, but, when defperate, applies to him as his phyflcian. 

MUSG&AVE. 
5 Thine <nvH true hiigbt, . • , '♦ 

By day or m'ght,] This cxpreflion, which is ludicroufly cm- 
ployed by Falftaff, anciently meant, at all timet^ 

So, in the third book of Gower, De ConfcJJione Amanih : 
€* TT^e fonne cleped was Machayrc, 
" The daughter eke Canace hight^ ! 

** Bj dai^ bothe and eke by night.'* 



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OF WINDSOR. 353 

What a Herod of Jewry is this ? — O wicked, wick- 
ed world !— one that is well nigh worn to pieces 
with age, to ftiow himfelf a younggallant ! What 
an unweigh'd behaviour ^ hath this Hemifh drunk- 
ard * pick*d (with the devil *s name) out of my con- 
verfation, that he dares in this manner afTay me i 
Why, he hath not been thrice in my company ! — 
What ihould I fay to him ? — I was then frugal of my 
mirth :^ — heaven forgive me! — Why, PU exhibit 
a bill in the parliament for the putting down of 
men.' How fliall I be revenged on him? for re- 

jMd MdJ^ii, was anodifcr phrafe of tbe fimie meaning. 

Stbsvbits. 
4 ....... ^iat an UMtuHgb'dhebavUur, &c.] Thus the folio 1 623* 

it has been foggefted to me, tha^ we ihould read — o^e. Stebvbns. 

< — FUmiJb drunkard — ] It is not without reafon that this teim 
of reproach is here ufed. Sir John Smthe in Certain Difcourfes^ &c. 
^to. 1 500* fays, that the habit of drinking to excefs was intro- 
auced into England from the Low Countries *' by fome of our 
fuch men of warrc within thefe very few years : whereof it is come 
to pafle that now-a-dayes there are very fewe feaftes where our faid 
men of warre are prefent, but that they do invite and procure all 
the companie, of what calling foever they be, to carowfing and 
Quaffing ; and, becaufe tliey will not be denied their challenges, 
niey, with manv new conges, ceremonies, and reverences, drinke 
to me health and profperitie of princes ; to the health of counfellors, 
and unto the healdi of their greateft friends both at home and 
abroad t in wluch cxercife they never ceafe till they be dead drunke, 
or, as the Flemings fay, Doot drtmken," He adds, •* And this 
aforefaid deteftable vice hath within thefe fixe or feven yeares taken 
wonderful, roote amongeft our Eagliih Nation, that in times paft 
was wont to be of all oUier nations of Chriftendome one of the fo> 
vcreft*' Rbbo* 

• ■ / *was then frugal of my mirth :] By breaking this fpeech 
into exclamations, the text may ftand ; but I once thought it muft 
be read, Iflwas not then frugal of mj^ mirth, &c. Johnson* 

' fir the potting down of men.] The word which (eems 

to have bieen inadvertently omitted in the folio, was reftored br 
Mr, Theobald from the quarto, where the corre^)onding (beecn 
nirn thus : ** Well, I ftiaU truft fat men the woric, while 1 live, 
for his fake. O God ; that I knew how to be reven^ of him 1" 
•—Dr. Johnfon, however, thinks that the infcrtion is unnecefiary. 

Vol. III. A a 



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35+ MERRY WIVES 

venged I tvill be^ as fure as his guts arc made of 
puddings. 

Enter Mijlrefs Ford* 

Mrs* Ford. Miftrcfs Page ! truft mc, I was go- 
ing to your houfe. 

Mrs. Page. And, truft me, 1 was coming to 
you. You look very ill. 

as ** Mr$. Page might naturally enough, in the fi^ heat of her 
anger* rail at the fex for the fault of one." But the authority of 
the original (ketch in c[uarto» and Mrs. Page's frequent mention 
of the nze of her lover m die play as it now ftands, in my opinion 
fully warrant the correction that has been made. Our author well 
Jcnew that bills are broueht into parliament for fome purpofe diat 
at leaft appears praSkMfle. Mrs. P^ge therefore in her paffi<m 
might exhioit a bill for the putting down or deftroving men of a 
particular defcription ; but Si&akfpeare would never have made her 
threaten to introduce a bill to effed an imfoffihility ; viz. the exter- 
mination of the whole fpecies. 

There is no error more frequent at the prefs than the omiffion of 
words. In a iheet of this work now before me» [Mr. Malonc 
means in hb own edition] there was an out^ (as it is termed in the 
printing-houfe J that is* a paiTage omitted, of no kfs than ten lines. 
In every iheet lome words are at firft omitted. 

The expreffion, putting donvn^ is a common phraie of our muni* 
^ipallaw. Ma LONE. 

I believe this paflage has hitherto been mifunderftood, and 
therefore continue to read with the folio, which omits the ^ithec 

The putting donxm of men, may only fip;ni(y the bamiliaHM of 
them, the bringing them tofianu*, So, m T^Ifth Night, Malvolio 
fays of the clown — '* I faw him, the other day, put dvwu by an 
oniinary fool ;" i. e. confauuded. Again, in Zovf '/ Lahmr*s X^— 
** How the ladies and 1 have put Sim dotvu /" Again, in Mmcb 
mdo about Nothing — ** You have put him dowut lady, yon have pmt 
him danun.** 

I cannot help thinking that the extermination of all men would 
be as praBicalle a defign of parliament, as the putting down of 
^ofe whoie only ofience was embonpoint. 

I peritft in this opinion, even though I have before me (in fup» 
port of Mr. Malone's argument) the famous print from P. Brueghel, 
rq>refenting the Leaa Cooks expelling the Fat one. Stbivxns. 



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OF WINDSOR. 35^ 

Mrs* Ford. Nay^ lil ne'er believe that; I have 
to Ihow to the contraiy. 

Mrs. Page. 'Faith, but you do, in my mind. 

Mrs. Ford: Well, I do then ; yet, I fay, I could 
fliow you to the contrary : O, miftrefs Page, give 
me fome counfel ! 

Mrs. Page. What's the matter, woman ? 

Mrs. Ford. O woman, if it were not for one 
trifling refped, I could come to fuch honour ! 

Mrs. Page. Hang the trifle, woman ; take the 

honour: What is it? difpenfe with trifles; — 

what is it? 

' Mrs. Ford. If I would but go to hell for an 
eternal moment, or fo, I could be knighted. 
Mrs. Page. What ? — thou liefl: ! — Sir Alice 

Ford ! Thefe knights will hack ; and fo thou 

fliouldfl: not alter the article of thy gentry.* 

< Wbatr^^hm lieftl^^ir Alice Fordt—Thefi htigbts 'will hack ; 
€md/o thou flKuldfi mt alter the article of th i^^*} I i^cad thus^ 
7Z^ Jbitghts well kaci^ and fi thou. Jbwliji mt alter the article of 
thy gentry. The paniflimeiit of a recreant, or andeferving knight^ 
waa to Aoci off his ipuiB : the meaning therefore is ; it is not worth 
the while of a gentlewoman to be made a knishty for we'll demde 
all theie kniehts in a little time, by the afoal torm of i&^ri^Mr^offtheir 
fpors, and tnoa» if thou art knighted^ (halt be hacked with die reft. 

Johnson* 

Sir T. Hanmer fays, to hacky means to turn hackney, or profti- 
tnte. I fappofe he means — Thefe hmghts nmll degrade themfehoet^ 
fi thatjhe <iv/// acquire no honour by oeing conneoed with thenu 

It is not, however, impoffible that Shakfpeare meant by — tbtfe 
hnghti wll hack^^iXc Knights will foon oecome hacktuy'd cha« 
raoers.— ^ many knights were made about the time this play was 
am]^fied (for the Da£ge is neither in the copy 1602, nor 161 9) 
that fuch a ftroke of fatire might not have been unjuftly thrown in^ 
In HoMt Beer Po^t Itevifihle Comedy^ 1618, is a long piece of ridi- 
cule on the fame occurrence: 

** Twas ftrange to fee what ilMri;^iir/£0flii# once would do: 
" S|ir great men up to lead a martial li fe m , 

A a 2 



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3s6 MERRY WIVEB 

Mrs. Ford. Wc bum day-light :«—4iere, read, 
read ; — ^perceive how I might be knighted. — I Ihall 
think the worfe af fat men^ as long as I have an 

*< To gam this honoor and this dignity.—— 
" But now, alas t 'tis grown ridiculous, 
** Since bought with money, fold for bafeft prize, 
** That fome idvfe it who aie conntod wife* ' STBiytNS. 
Thefe knights will iack^ (that is» become dieap or vulgar,) and 
therefore ihe adviies her friend not to fiiUv her gentrv by becoming 
one. The whole of this difcourfe about icn^hchood is added finee 
ifae firft edition of this play [in 1603] ; aM thecefoie I &^>eft 
this is an oblique refledion on the prodigality of James L in be* 
ilowing thefe honours, and erecting in 1 61 1 a new oider of knight- 
hood, called Baronets; which few of the ancient gentry wouli 
condefixnd to accfpu See Sir Hu^ Spdmu's apigiam on them^ 
CUffl p. 76, whicn ends thus : 

" — *-^dum cauponare recufimt 

*' Ex tera geniti nobiliute viri ; 
** Inteieaecamis hicproKpit, illetabenns, 
*' Et modo fit dominus, qui modo fervus erat/' 
See another ftroke at them in OtM/a, AA III. fc. xv. 

BLACKSTONIi 

Sir W. Bladdboneftq>po{cs that the order of Baroncu (created in 
2 61 1 ) was likewife alluded to. But it appears to me highly proba- 
ble diat our author amplified the play before us at an eanier period. 
See AnAUimft to afurtaiu the order of SbaiffeareU flqys^ Vol. !• 
Article, MenyWrDaofWindJorn 

Between t£e time of King James's arrival at Berwick in April 
X603, and the ad of Mar, he made two hundred and thirty-ieven 
knights \ andinthejulytcllowing between three and four hundred. 
It b prc4)able that the pla^ before us was enlarged in that or the 
fubfequent year, when this ftroke of iatire muft hare been hig^y 
leliihed by the audience. Maloni. 

• Wt hum d^^b^ ;] L e. we have aK>re proof than we wanW 
The fiune proverbial phrafe occurs in Tbe Spm^ Trttged;^: 
** Hkr. Ii|^ me your torcho.'* 
«' Tedrru Tlien we htm dM^light.*" 
Again, in Romto mdJuHet^ Meicntio ofes the fame ei^ieffioi^ 
«nd then explains it : 

<< M^e 'wa/k mr lights im ntm l^lutaf^hy Akjm** 

SriBYBiia. 
I think, the meaiiii^ rather », we aie wafting ttme in idle talk, 
when we ought to read the letter; refembling thofc who waftc 
candles by burning them in the day-time, Maloni. 



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OF. \yiNDSOR. 357 

eye to make difi^ence of men's liking : * And yet 
he would not fwear; prais'd women's modefty: 
and gave fuch orderly and well-behaved reproof to 
all uncomelinefsj that I would have fworn his dif- 
polition would have gone to the truth of his words ; 
but they do no more adhere^ and keep place to- 
gether, than the hundredth pfalm to the tune of 
Green JleevesJ What tempeft, I trow, threw this 
whale, with fo many tuns of oil in his belly, afhore 
at Windfor? How fhall I be revenged on him? I 
think, the beft way were to entertain him with 
iiope^ till the wicked fire of lull have melted him 

* men's liking H i« c« men's cbndition of body. Thus in 

die Book of Job. *< llieir young ones are in good liking** Fal- 
taffalfe, in King Henry IF. uys— /* 111 repent wfaHe I am in fome 
tiktmJ* Stsxvbks. 

' ■ » Green Jkeves^ This {00% was entered on the books of 
the Stationers' Company in September ic8o: '* Licenfed unto 
Richard JoneSf a newe northeme ditt¥e ofme la^ Green 8lee<vei.' 
Agadn, ^ licea&d viao Edward Whte^ a ballad, beinge the Lad|r 
Greene SUeva, anfwcxed to JcDkyn hir friend," Again, in the 
fame month and year : <' Green Sleeves moralized to the Scrip. 
taxe/* Sec. Again, to Edward Wxitc : 

*' Green SUews and coantenaonce. 

'* In countenaunce is Green Slee<ues.** 
Again, ^* A new Northern Song of Green Sleeves, beginning, 

«^ Hie bonnieft lafs in aS the land.'* 
Again, in Febniary icSo: ** A rq>rdhenfion minft Greene 
Sleeves, by W. Elderton. From a pajbge in The Loyal SubjeS, 
kff Besunont and Fletclier, it flwaU feem that the original was a 
wanton ditty : 

<' Andfetovf €iedk8(othetuneofGrv<«f ^i!wa;<#/' 
But whuerer^ ballad was, k feems to have been very popular. 
Ai^;iift i^8r» was Mfeered at Statooacrs' Hall^ '« A x^sv ballad^ 
«ntided: 

** Gveem Skevee it worn awi^, 

^ YellomF flecYes ^XNaae to decaie, 

•* Black Aeores I hold in defpite, 

•« But white ikeves is my dehght." 
Mention of the fame tune » made again in the fourth aft of thia 
play* Stbbysns, 

A a 3 



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3Si MERRY WIVES 

in his owir grcafe.'— Did you ever hear the like? 

Mrs. Page. Letter for letter; but that the name 
of Page and Ford differs !— To thy great comfort 
in this myftery of ill opinions^ here's the twin- 
brother of thy letter: but let thine inherit firft; 
for, I proteft, mine never fhall. I warrant, he hath 
a thoufand of thefe letters, writ with blank fpace 
for different names; (fure more,) and thefe are of 
the fecond edition: He will print them out of 
doubt r for he cares not what he puts into the prefs/ 
when he would put us two. I had rather be a 
giantefs, and lie under mount Pelion.* Well, I 
will find you twenty lafcivious turtles, ere one 
chafle man. 

Mrs. Ford. Why, this is the very fame ; the very 
hand, the very words : What doth he think of us ? 

Mrs. Page. Nay, I know not : It makes me al- 
mofl ready to wrangle with mine own hpnefty. 1*11 
entertain myfelf like one that I am not acquainted 
withal ; for, fure, unlefs he knew fome ftrain in 
me,* that I know not myfelf, he would never have 
boarded me in this fiiry. 

' ^'^^melfedhim m bis own grea/e.l ^ Chaucer, in hit Wif tf 
Baths Prolopie, 606^1 

** lliat in his owen grefe I made him frie." Stbbybns* 

4 -p.«»pidA,] Pufi b ufed ambignonfly, for a fre/s to print, 
and a pre/s to fqueeze. Job nso n. 

^ / bad ratber be a gkaOe/s, and lie smder mount Felign.'] Mr. 
Warton judicionflv obferves, that in conieqnenoe of En^liih verfio&t 
from Greek and Roman authors^ an inundation of cla&al pedantiy 
yery foon infeded onr poetiy, and that perpetual allufions to anci- 
ent feble were introduced, as in the prefent inftance, without the 
leaft regard to propriety ; for Mrs. Page was not intoided, in anj 
degree, to be a learned or an aficdM lady* STtavENs. 

^ fome ftrain m me^l Thus the old copies. The modem 

editors read — ** (omt ftaiu in me/' but, I think^ unneceflarily. A 
fimilar expieffion occurs in Tbe Winter's Tale : ' 



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OF WINDSOR. 359 

Mrs. Ford* Boardings call you it ? Til be fure 
to keep him above deck. 

Mrs. Page. So will I; if he come under my 
hatches^ I'll never to fea again. Let's be revengecj 
on him : let's appoint him a meeting ; give him a 
ihow of comfort in his fuit ; and lead him on with 
a fine-baited delay^ till he hath pawn'd his horfes 
to mine Hoft of the Garter. 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, I will confent to adt any vil- 
lainy againft him> that may not fully the charinefs 
of our honefty.' O, that my hufband faw this let- 
ter!' it would give eternal iFood to his jealoufy. 

Mrs. Page. Why, look, where he comes ; and 
my good man too : he's as far from jealoufy, as I 
am from giving him caufe ; and that, I hope^ is an 
unmeafurable diilance* 

Mrs. Ford, You are the happier wonun. 
Mrs. Page. Lef5 confult together againft this 
greafy knight: Come hither. [they retire. 

Enter FoKD, Pistoi,, Page, and ^ym. 

FoRD^ Well, I hope, it be not fo. 

Pjst* Hope is a curtail dog ^ in fome affairs : 

•* With what encounter fo uncurrent have I 
«« ^/rtf//rV to appear thus ?" 
And agun, in Timom : 

** — a noble nature 

** May catch a w/v«ri&/' Stbbtens. 

7 the charinefs 0/ our bonejfy.'] i. t. the eautlon which ought 

to attend on it. Stsbvens. 

• O, that my bufiamd/mv this letter f] Surely Mrs. Ford does 
not wiih to excite the jealoufy af which ihe complains. I think 
we ihottld read — O, if my hufband^ Sec. and thus the copy, 1619 : 
<' O lord, if my hufband fhoold fee the letter I i' &ith, this would 
even give edge to his jealoufie." Stbbvbns. 

* -'^-^ curtail dog — ] That is, a dog that miffes his game. The 
tail is counted necmry to the ability of a greyhound." Johnson* 

A a 4 



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36o MERRY WIVES 

Sir John affeds thy wife. 

jFoj^D. Why, fir, my wife is not young. 

Pjsr. He wooes both high and low, both rich 
and poor. 
Both young and old^ one with suiocher. Ford; 
He loves thy gally-.mawfiy;' Ford, perpend.* 
Ford. Love.my wife? 

Pjst. With liver burning hot:* Prevent, or go 
thou, 

^oMoiUog — ] That is, a dog of finaH Talucj— what 

wettOwcaUaor. Maloki. 

i ^^^zalij'^mmvfiyiX i. c A medkf. Sp» ia The WHttif^s 
Tale: ** They have a dance, which the wenches iky is a galli- 
maufiy of Kimbols/' Piftol ludicroufly ufes it for a woman. 
Thos, in AfTomMft nrver •warV, 1 632 : 

** Let us ihow ourfelves galiaocs ix gidk-mm^u** 

Stbbvsns. 
The fiift folio has — the gallymanfry. Thj was introduced by the 
editor of diefecond« Tbi gall^ffflawf ly nay be rig^t ; Helores a 
medley ; all forts of women, hi ffh and low, &c. Fold's rqdjjr, 
•* Love my wife !" may refer to max Piftol had faid before : " Mr 
John afieds thy wife." Thj eallymawfry founds however more like 
Piftol's lan^age dian die otner ; and ^ercfon: I have followed the 
modem editors in preferring it. Ma l one. 

^ — — Ford, perpend.] This is perhaps a ridicule on a pompoua 
word too often ufbd in the old play t£Camfyfiss 

«• My fapient words I ULyferfauL** 
Again: 

<* My queen /n^^MMf what I poooonce." 
Shakfpeare has put the fame word into the movtli qf Fakmiitt* 

Stbbvbns. 

Piftol again ufes it in JT. IfrffTf r. ; ib does the Clown in ?'<u«f^i& 
Nigit: I do not bdieve theiefore that any ridieok was bete ained 
at Piefton, the author of Cambyies. Mai«oiib. 
s JFtthUrtTimrjmghot:] So, in Macb adf ^iioMi NMiMg : 

** If ever Uw had intereft in his hver." 
The /pvrr was ancient^ fn|>pofed to be the inipiicr of amorow 
paffions. Thus in an old Latm diftidi : 

Cor ardet, fttimo lofmiittr, ftl cmKmovet hrm \ 
Sfkn ridififacitt cogit amait jocor. Stbsvsns, 



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OF WINDSOR. 361 

Like Sir AAacon he» with Ring- wood at thy heels : — 
Oj odious is the name! 

Ford. What name, fir? 

Pisr. The horn, I fay : Farewel. 
Take heed ; have open eye ; for thieves do foot by 

night: 
Take heed, ere fummer comes, or cuckoo-birds do 
fing.^— 

Away, fir corporal Nym. 

Believe it, P^e ; he fpeaks fenfe/ [Eat// Pistol. 

Ford. I will be patient ; I will find out this. 

6 ^..^^^ciukoo^Hrds do Jtug."] Such Is the reading of the folio. 
The quartos^ 1602, and 1619, KsA^—^hen cucloo-hirds appear. The 
modem editors — woben euckoo-birds afiright. For this laft reading I 
find no authority. Stebvens. 

' A*way, fir corporal Nyfih^"^^^ 
B^iirve it. Page; he fpeah finfe^ Nym, I belieye« is oat of 
place^ and we fliomd read thus : 
Annay, fir corforaL 
Nym. Believe it. Page*, he fplfohs fenfe. JoHNSON. 

Perhaps Dr. Johnfon is mlflaken In his conieduxe. He feems 
not to have been aware of the manner in whicn the author meant 
diis fcene (hould be reprefented. Ford and Pifbol» Pave and Nvm» 
enter in pairs» each pair in iepamte converfation ; and while Piftol 
is informing Ford ot Falfta£F*s defign upon hu wife. Nym is. dur- 
ing that time» talking afide to Paige, and giving information of the 
like plot agabft £/«•— -When Piftol has fini(hed, he calls out to 
Nvm to come o^y ; but ieeing that he and Page arc ftill in cloie 
derate, he goes off alone, fiift alluring Pa^, be may depend on the 
truth of Nym's ftory. BelieoM it. Page, &c. Nym then proceeds 
to tell die remainder of his tale out aloud. Aadthit is trme. Sec. 
A little further on in this icene, Foxd fajrs to PagCf T^u beard tvhat 
this kiupve (i. e. Piftol) told me, &c. Page rqmes, Tai And yam 
heard nxibai the other (i. e. Nym) told me* Steeyb ns. 

Believe it. Pare; hefi^aktfiarfeA Thus has the paffage been 
hitherto printed, lays Dr. Ftfncr; bot furely we mould read-* 
Believe it, Pagt^ he ffeah\ wUch means no more than — Page, 
believe nvbat he figj^. This imk, is expicfied m>t only in ue 
manner peculiar to Pifiol, bot -to tbe grammar of the times. 

Steevens. 



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362 MERRY WIVES 

Nru. And this is true; Uo Page.] I like not the 
humour of lying. He hisitn wrong'd me in (bme 
humours : I fhould have Dome the humour'd letter 
to her ; but I have a fword, and it (hall bite upon 
my neceffity. He loves your wife ;' there's the Ihort 
and the long. My name is corporal Nym ; I fpeak^ 
and I avouch. 'Tis true : — my name is Nym, and 
FalftafF loves your wife. — Adieu ! I love not the 
humour of bread and cheefe; and there's the hu- 
mour of it. Adieu. \^Exit Nym. 

Page. The humour of it^ quoth 'a ! here's a fel- 
low frights humour out of his wits. 

• .^ / hoFue a ftvord, and it Jtall bite upon my mcejpty. He bvet 
your *ujife ; &c.] Njrm. to gain credit, fays, that he is above the 
mean office of carrying love-letters ; he has nobler means of living ; 
be bat afwordy and upon bis neceffity ^ that is, *iuben bis need drives 
bim to mlawful expedknts, his i^oidfiaU bite. Johnson. 

9 Tbe humour of «r,} The following epigram, taken from Hm>- 
mor's Ordsnarie, tvbere a man may bee *verie merrie and exceeding nveH 
nfed for bis fixtfnce^ quarto, 1607, will beft accoont for Nym's 
frequent repetition of the word bumour. £pig* 27 : 
*< Alke HuMo&s what a feather he doth weaie* 
*< It is his bummr (by the Lord) hell fweare; 
'« Or what he doth widi fuch a horfe-taile locke, 
•* Or why upon a whore he fpendes his ftocke,— 
*« He hadi a bummr doth determine fo : 
«* Why in the ftop-throte faihion he doth goe, 
«< Wim fcarfe about his necke, hat without band,— 
** It is his humour. Sweet fir, underftand, 
«< What caufe his purfe is fo extreame diftreft 
« That oftentiaaes is fcarcely penny-bleft ; 
*' Only a humour. If you queftion, why 
'* His tongue is ne'er unforniih'd with a lye,—** 
. ** It is his bummr too he doth proteft : 
** Or wh^ with femants he is fo oppreft, 
** That like to ghofts they haunt him ev'rie day; 
«< A rafcal humour doth not love to. pay. 
<< Objcft why bootes and fpurres are ftill in ieafon» 
^« His bummr anfwen, humour is his rcafon. 
« If you perceive his wits in wettiiu^ ihruoke, * 
** It comcth of a buamr to be drunke. 



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OF WINDSOR^ 363 

lioRD. I will feek out Falftaif. 

PjGB. I never heard fuch a drawling, afieding 
rogue. . 

Ford. If I do find it, well. 

PjcR. I will not believe fuch a Cataian,' though 
the prieil o* the town commended him for a true 
man. 

" Whea yon behold his lookes pale, thin, and pooicu 
*' The occafion is, his bMmotfr and a whoore : 
*' And every thing that he doth uxideitake, 
*' It is a veine, fer fencelels humour* s fake." Stbbve ns. 
* / mil! mi heUe^vefucb a Catalan, J All the myftery of the term 
Cataufn% for a liar, is only this. China was anciently called CtfteAf 
or Cathay^ by the firft adventurers that travelled thither ; fuch as M. 
Panlo, and our Mandeville, who told fuch incredible wonders of this 
new difcotered empire (in ^hich thcnr have not been outdone even by 
the Jefuits themfdves, who followed them,} that a notorious liar was 
ufually called a dtoitfx. Wauuhton. . 

'^ This fellow has fuch an odd appearance, is fo unlike a man 
civilized, and taught the dudes of lile, that I cannot credit him." 
To be a foreigner was always in Eneland, and I fuppofe every whm 
dfe, a reafon of diflike. So Piftolcalls Sir Hurh in the firft ad, a 
matrttantfireigneri that is, a feUow uneducated, and of grofs be- 
haviour ; and again in his anger calls Bardolph, Hungariott noighu 

Johnson. 

' I believe that neither of the commentators is in the right, but 

am &r from profeffing, with any ^reat degree of confidence, that 

I am happier in my own explanation. It is remarkable, that in 

Shakfpcire, this expreffion— i7 true mau, is always put in oppofition 

(as it IS in this infbmce) to— ^ thitf, So, in Heury ly. P. I : 

** ■ "now the tbiewt have bound the true men.** 

The Chtnefe (anciently called Catauius) are faid to be the moft 

dextrous of all the nimble-fincer'd tribe ; and to this hour they de- 

ferve the fame charadter. Piftol was known at Windfor to have 

had a hand in picking Slender's pocket, and therefore might be 

called a Cataiau with propriety, if my explanation be admitted. • 

That by a Cataiau iome kind oijharper was meant, I infer from 

the following paflage in Lwe aud Hmtour, a play by Sir William 

D'Avenant, 1640: 

<< Hang nim, bold Catakm, he indites finely, 
*' And will live as well by fending (hort epiilles, 
«< Or by the fad wbi/fer at your gamefiert ear. 



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3«4 MERRY WIVES 

Ford. *Twas a good fenfibk &lk>w : * W«tt« 

P^cjB. How now, Meg 2 

Mrs. Page. Whither go you, George? — Itu* 
you. 

Mr$. Fori}. How how, fwect Frank ? why art 
thou jxtdanchdy? 

Ford. I melancholy I I am not mekncholy.-«- 
Get you home, go. 

Mrs. Ford. 'Faith, thou haft fomc crotchets in 
thy head now. — ^Will you go, miftrefs Page? 

Mrs. Pjgb. Have with you. — ^You'll come to 
dinner, George? — Look, who comes yonder: ftie 
Jhall be our meflcnger to this paltry knirfit. 

l4/uie to Mrs. Fo&o, 

Enter Mifinfi Quicrly* 

Mr3u Ford. Truft me, I thought on her : flieil 
fit it. 

Mrs. Pagm. You are come to fee my daughter 
Anne? 

^iCK. Ay, forfooth ; And, I pray, how does 
good miftrefs Anne ? 

<* Whm the gteat By is dcawn^ 
^ Ai my d^r^ gfl/oftt of tiicm 9IV* 
Cathaia is mentioiied in ^%e Tamer Tamed, of Bcsuiiaont and 
Fkficber: 

*' I'll wifli 70B In the Indies, or Cathaia:* 
The tricks of the CauUam ^xcYmiodi at in one of the oU black 
letter hiftories of that cooatiy; and again in a dcamatick pecfoixn- 
ance, called the Pedler's Pr^beej, 1595 ; 

«« in the eafipart of lade, 

<< Throng fcas and floods, they worii aU ihk^:* 

Stibvbvs* 

^ ^Ttvas a go$d /mfiUe fellow :'^ This, and the two preceding 

fpeeches of Ford, are fpJiien to huafelfy and have no oonnedtion 

with the fentiments of Page, who is liLewife making hts comment 

on what had pafled, without attention to Ford* STiavaiis. 

I 



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OF WINDSOR. 36i 

Mrs. Page. Go in with us, and fee; we have an 
hour's talk with you. 

{^Exeunt Mrs. Pags, Mrs. Ford, and Mrs. 
Quickly.] 

Page* How now, mafter Ford ? 

FoiLD. You heard what this knave told me; did 
you not ? 
. PAOB.YtB ; And you heard what the other told me ? 

Ford. Do you think there is truth in them ? 

Paom. Hang 'em, flaves I I do not think the 
knight would offer it : but thefe that accufe him 
in his intent towards our wives, are a yoke of his 
difcarded men ; very rogues» now they be out of fer-* 
vice.^ 

Ford. Were they his men? 
Paob. Marry, were they. 

Ford. I like it never the better for diat. — Does 
he lie at the Garter? 

Page. Ay, marry, does be. If he (hould intend 
this^vo^age towards my wife, I would turn her lodle 
16 him; and what he gets more of her than Iharp 
words, let it lie on my head. 

Ford. I do not mifdoubt my wife ; but I would 
be loth to turn them together : A man may be too 
confident : I would have nothing lie on my head : ^ 
I cannot be thus fatisfied. 

Page. Look, where my ranting hoft of the Gar- 
ter comes : there is either liquor in his pate, or 
money in his purfe, when he looks fo merrily. — 
(iow now, mine hoft ? 

4 —very rogues, now thej^ be out of feroke^ A rogue is a Hom* 
derer or nnigabond, vA, In its confequential fignification^ a chftu. 

Johnson. 

> '^I'v^dhtevf nothing tit on nn bead:] Here feems to be an allu- 
fion to Shakfpeait's faTOnrite topicK^ lixc cuckold's borm. Ma loit i. 



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366 MERRY WIVES 

Enter Hoft, and Shallow. 

Host. Uavf now, bully-rook? thou'rt a gentle- 
man : cavalero-juftice,* I fay. 

Sbau I follow, mine hoft, I follow. — ^Good even, 
and nventy, good mafter Page ! Mafter Page, will 
you go with us ? we have fport in hand. 

Host. Tell him, cavalero-juftice ; tell him, bul- 
ly-rook. 

SuAt. Sir, there is a fray to be fought^ between 
fir Hugh the Welch prieft, and Caius the French 
dod:or. 

Ford. Good mine hoft o* the Garter, a word with 
you. 

Host. What fay*ft thou, bully-rook? 

Srau Will you Uo Page] go with us to behold 
it ? My merry hoft nath had the meafuring of their 
weapons; and, I think, he hath appointed them 
contrary ]>laces : for, believe me, I hear, the par- 
fon is no jefter. Hark, I will tell you what our 
iport fliali be. 

Host. Haft thou no fuit againft my knight^ my 
gueft-cavalier? 

Ford. None, I proteft : but 1*11 give you a potde 
of burnt fack to give me recourfe to him, and tell 
him, my name is Brook ;^ only for a jeft. 

^ — — cavdero^j^/r^] This cant term occurs in The Suaelj 
Moral of three Laik$ of London t 1 590 : 

•* Then know, CaftiUan cavaUros^ this." 

There is alfo a book printed in 1 599, called, A connteroiffe grven 
to Martin Junior \ by the *vtnturons, bardie ^ and renvwned Fafquil rf 
Bnglande, CAVALisao. Stebvbns. 

« ...^.^and tell him, mj name it Brook;] Thus both-the old 
quartos ; and thus moft certainly the poet wrote. We need vb 



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OF WINDSOR. 367 

Host. My hand, bully: thou Ihalt have ^refs 
and regrefs ; faid I well ? and thy name Ihali be 
Brook : It is a merry knight. — Will you go on, 
hearts?' 

Shal. Have with you, mine hoft. 
Pjgb. I have heard, the Frenchman hath good 
(kill in his rapier.* 

better evidence than the pun that Falftaffanon makes on the name» 
when Brook fends him (ome burnt fack. 

Such firooks art tvekome to $ney that werfivw fitch Itftior. The 
players* in their edition* altered the name to Broom. 

Theobald* 

^ 'Will you go ottf hearts?] For this fubftitution of an in- 
telligible for an unintelligible word, I am anfwerable. — The old 
readmg is — ax-idrs* See the following notes. St e bt b ns. 

We Ihoald read. Will ym go on* hbris ? i. e. Will yon go on* 
mafter ? Heris, an old Scotch word for mafter. Wa r b u r to n. 

The merry Hoft has already fainted them feparately by titles of 
diftind^ion ; he therefore probably now addreiles them collediively 
by a general one — Will you go on, heroes ? or, as probably^— J^/// 
you go on, hearts? He calls l>r. Cslus Heart of Elder; and adds* 
in a fubicquent fcene of this pl^y* Famuli my hearts* Again, in 
The Midfummer Night's Dream^ Bottom lays, «* — Where are ihefc 
hearts t** My hrwe hearts^ or mj hold hearts , is a common word of 
encouraeement, A heart of gold expxdk:^ the more foft and amia« 
ble qualities, the mores aurei of Horace ; and a heart of oak u 9 
firequent encomium of ragged honefty. Sir T, Hanmer reads— 
Mynheers. Stbbvens. 

There can be no doubt that this paflage b corrupt. Perhaps we 
ihould read — ^Wili you go and hear «« ^ So, in the next page--^* I 
had rather hear them fcold than fight." Malonb. 

t .....iiv his rapierj] In the old quarto here follow thefe words : 

ShaL I tell you what, mafter Page; I believe the dodlor is no 
jefter; he'll lay it one [on] ; for though we be juftices and do^tqrs 
vid churchmen* yet we are the fons of women, mafter Page. 

Page^ True, mafter Shallow. 

Shal. It will be found fo* mafter Paee. 

Fage. Mafter Shallow* 3^00 yourfdihave been a great fighter* 
though now a man of peace. 

Part of this dialo^e is found afterwards in the third Icene of 
the prefent ad; but it feems more proper here, to introduce what 1 
Shallow (ays of the prowefs of hit youtn. Malonb. 



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36t MERRY WIVES 

SuAL. Tut, fir, I could have told you more : In 
thefe times you ftand on diftance, your pafles, Hoc- 
cadoes, and I know not what : 'tis the heart, mafter 
Page ; 'tis here, 'tis here. I have feen the time, with 
my long fword,^ I would have made you four tall 
fellows * fkip like rats. 

9 ■ my long fnvord,'] Before the introdudlion of npien, the 
fwords in ufe were of an enormous length, and foroetimes raifei 
with both hands* Shallow, with an old man's vanity, cenfures 
the innovation by which lighter weapons were introduced, tells 
what he could once have done with his long /word, and ridicules 
the terms and rules of the rapier. Joh nso n. 

The tnjjo-handed fword is mentioned in the ancient Interhdt of 
Nature y bl. L no date : 

'* Somtyme he ferveth me at horde, 

** Somtyme he bereth my t'wo^band fword/* 

See a note to The Firfi fan of K. Henry JF. Aa II. 

STEBVfiHS. 

Dr. Johnfon's explanation of the long fword is certainly right; 
for the early quarto reads — ^my ttvo-hand fword ; fo that they ap- 
pear to have been fynopymous. 

Carleton, in his Thankful Remembranee of God's Mercy, 162^, 
ipeakine of Ac treachery of one Rowland York, in betraying the 
town of Deventer to the Spaniards in i ^87, fays : ** he was a 
Londoner, famous among the cutters in his time, for bringing in 
a new kind of fight — to run the point of the rafier into a man's 
body. This manner of fight be brought fijl into England, with 
great admiration of his audacioufnefs : when in Endand before 
%attime, the ufe was, with little bucklers^ zxiAy^fit)! broad fwords, 
to ftrike, and not to thruft \ and it was accounted unmanly to ftrike 
nnder the girdle." 

The Continuator of Stowe*s Annals, p. 1024, edit. 1631, fup- 
pofes the rapier to have been introda<^ ibmcwhat fooner, viz. 
about the 20th year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, [1578] at 
which time, he tiyt, Swocd imd Bucklers began to be difufed. 
Shakfpeare has here been guiltvof a great anachronifm in mstking 
Shallow ridicule the terms of tne rapier in the time of Henry IV. an 
hundred and feventy years before it was nfed in England. Malonb. 

It fliould {eem from a paflage in Nafh's Life ofjacke Wihm, 
1594, that rapiers were ufed in the reign of Henry Fill: ** At 
that time I was no common fquire, &c. — my rapier pendant like a 
round ftick Mned in the tackfings, for fkippers the better to climbc 
by." Sig.C4. KixaoK. 



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OE WINDSOR. 369 

Most. Here, boys, here, here ! (hall we wag ? 
Py^GE. Have with you : — I had rather hear them 
fcold than fight. 

^Exeunt Hoft, Shallow, and Page. 

' Ford. Though Page be a fecure fool, and ftands 
fo firmly on his wife's frailty,* yet I cannot put off 
my opinion fo eafily : She was in his company at 



* tail fiiUws — ] A taflfillow, in the time of our author, 

meant a ftout, bold« or courageous perfon. In J Difcourfe om 
l/fuiy, by Dr. Wilfon, 1^84, he (ays^'* Here in England, he 
that can rob a man on the high- way, is called a tallfellvwJ* Lord 
Bacon fays, " that biihop Fox caufed his caftle of Norham to be 
fonified, and manned it likewife with a very great number of tall 
foUiers:* 

The elder quarto reads — tall fencers, Stebvbns. 

^ ^taskd^ fo firmly cm his tvife^s frailty,] Thus all the copied. 

But Mr. Theobald has ho conception how any man could Hand firmly 
on his wife's frailty. And why ? Becaufe he had no conception how 
he could (land upon it, without knowing what it was. But if I 
tell a ftranger, tnat the bridge he is about to crofs is rotten, and 
he believes it not, but will go on, may I not fay, when I fee him 
upon it, that he ftands firmly on a rotten plank? Yet he has 
changed frailty for fealty, and the Oxford editor has followed him. 
But they took the phrate, to fiand firmly on, to fignify to infifi upon ; 
whereas it fignifies to reft upon, which the charaAer oi 2i fecure fooU 

S'ven to him, ihews. So that the common reading has an elegance 
at would be loft in the alteration, Warburton. 

Tofland OH any thing, does fignify to infifl on it. So, in Hey- 
wood's Rm^c of Lucrece, 1650 : '* All captains, zndftandupOH the 
honefty oi your wives." Again, in Warner's Albion s England^ 
1602, Book VI. chap, 30: 

•• For ftoutlj OH their honefties doe wylie harlots ^/i»i/." 
The jealous Ford is the fpeaker, and all cbaftity in women appears 
to him as frailty^ He fuppofes Paee therefore to infift on that 
nrirtue as fteady , which he himfelf fufpe^ to be without foundation. 

Steevbks. 

' and ftands fo firmly on his 'wife*s frailty,'] i. e. has fuch 



Vsfrc 

His , 



perfed confidence in his unchafte wife. lus wife's frailty is the 
fame as — his frail wife. So, in Antony and Cleopatra, we meet 
with death and honour, for an honourable death. Malone. 

Voi. III. B b 



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j7P MERRY WIVE'S 

Page's houfc ; and, what they made there/ I kiiox^ 
not. Well. I will look further into*t : and I have 
a difguife to found FalftafF: If I find her honeft, I 
lofe not my labour; if (he be otherwife, 'tis labour 
well beftow'd. [Exit. 

SCENE II. 

A Room in the Garter Inn. 
Enter Fajlstafp and Pistol. 

Fal. I will not lend thee a penny. 

P/5r. Why, then the world's mine oyfter,' 
Which I with fword will open. — 
I will retort the fum in equipage.* 

4 «*— and, tvhat thty made there ^ An obfokte pbrafe fignf* 
fying — ^what they didthttz. Malone. 
So^ in Asjfou liie it. Ad I. fc. i : 

«* Now, fir, what make you here ?" StebVe ns. 

^ the ^worid's mitte oyfter, ^f.] Dn Grey Aippofes Shakt 

fpeare to allude to an old proverb, " — The mayor of North-, 
ampton opens ejifters with his da^r." — i. e. to keep them at a 
fumdent diftance from his nofe» £at town being fonrfcore milet. 
from the fea. Stbbvbns. 

^ / ivilt ntort the fum im eqaipage. J This is added from the 
old quarto of 1619^ and means, I will pay yos again in Kokn 
goods. Wabburton. 

I rather believe he means, that he will pay him by waiting on 
kim for nothing* So, in Ltnit't F^rimage^ by Beaumont and 
Fletcher : 

•* And bo]p^, be vou my guide, 
** Yot I will make a full defcent in tfiipage.* 
That equipage ever voKUAfiden goods, I am yet to learn. 

Stbbvbhts. 

Dr. Warburton may be right ; for I find equipage was one of the 

cant words of the time, fu Daviet* Papers Complaint^ (a poem 

which has erroneoufly been afcribed to Douue) we have feveral of 

them: 

'* Embelliih, blandilhment, and equipage," 
'\^Tiich words, he tells us in the margin, overmuch favotnr of 
^itiejffe affe^atiou. FaEMEB^. .1 



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.OR WINDSOR. 371 

Pal. N6t a penhf . I hare beeil coAtent^ Hr, 
you (hould lay my Countenance to pawn : I have 
grated upon my ^ood friends for three reprieves for 
you and youf coach-fdlow, Nym?' or clfe you 
had look'd thfough the gl^te, like a geminy of 
baboons. I am damn'd in hell, for fwearirtg to 
gentlcmeh my friendi, you were good foldiers, and 
tall fellows : * and when miftrefs Bridget loft the 
handle of her ft V 1 took't upon mine honour, thou 
hadll it not. 

DnWarburton's interrelation is, I think, right* iqAlpagein- 
dccd docs not per Jk ^pMy jMen gt>ods» byt fach goods Sis Piftol 
promifcs to return, we may fairlv fuppofe^ Would be ftolett. Equi* 
p^get which, as Dfi J'atmcr obwfves, had befen bttt newly intro- 
duced into out language, is deiined by Bullokar in Ms Enwiifo 
IKxpefiHr^ 8vo» 1616 i ** Furniture, of pfovifion for horfemanlhipi 
Specialty in triumphs or tournaments/' Heticfe the modem ufe of 
this word* Malons* 

*i ydur c6dch-fellow, NytH ; j TTnls the old CopiW. Ctmch^ 

fellow has an obvious meaning ; but the modern editors read, couch^ 
felloiv. The following paffage from Ben Jonfon's Cynthia s Re^vett 
may juftify the reading 1 have chofen : *♦ — 'Tis die fwaggering 
coach'horfe Anaides, that dra'ws twith him there." 

Again, in Monjkur D'Olht^, 1 606 : •* Are you he my page here 
makes choice of to be his fellow coach-hor/e ?** Again, m a True 
Narratrve of the entertainment ^bis Rtyal maj^ie^ from the time of 
his departure from Edinburgh, till his receiving in London, &C. 1 603 : 
«« — a bafe pilfering theete was taken, who plai4 the cutpurfe in the 
court : his fellow was' ill mift, for no doubt ne had a walking-mate : 
they drenu together like coAcb hor/esy and it is pitic they did not hang 
together." Again, in E^ery Woman in her humour, 1 609 : 

" For wit,, ve n|fty be coach' d togfifher." 
Again, in loth Book o{ Chapman s Tranjlation of Hornet: 

«* i.^ their chariot horfc, as they coach-fellows were." 

Steevbns. 

your coach-fellow, Nym\\ i. e. he, who drains along 

with you ; who is joined with you in all your knavery. So before. 
Page, fpeaking of Nyra and Piftol^ calls them a ^[jfyoke of FalftaH's 
di^arded men." ^ALONk. 

« tall fellows ;] Sec p. ^6g. Steivbns. 

t -^-^ loft the handle of her fan,"] It ihoUld be remembered, that 

- B b 2" 



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2n% MERRY WIVES 

Pisr. Didfl: thou not (hare ? hadft thou not fi£- 
teen pence ? \ 

foHs^ in oar author's time> were more coftly than they are at prdcnt« 
as well as of a difierent conftni^ion. '^^Y ^^^^^^ ^^ oftnch fea- 
thers (or others of equal leneth and flexibility,) which were ftuck 
into handles. The richer ion of thefe were compofed of gold, 
filver» or ivory of curious workmanlhip. One of them is men- 
tioned in The Fleire^ Com. 1610 : ** — ^^flie hath a/aw with a fiori 
Jil'ver handle^ about the length of a barber's fyringe." Again, in 
Love and Hmoury by SirW. D'Avenant, 1649 : " All youjr plate, 
Vafco, is tht Jiher handle of your old prifoner's^wr." 
Again, in Marftons III. Satyre, edit. 1598 : 
<< How can he keepe a lazie waiting man, 
'* And buy a hoode and^/<t;rr-i&K»rii^4/ /2i« , 
" With fortie pound?" 
In the frontifpiece to a play, called Englijhmenfor my^ Mmujt of 
A pleafaut Comedy of a Woman 'willban)e her Willi 1 61 6, is a portrait 
of a lady with one of thefe fans, which, after all, may prove the 
beft commentary on the paflaee. The three other fpeamens aro 
taken from the Habiti Antkbi et Modemi di ttUio il Mondo^ pub* 
lifhed at Venice, 1 598, from the drawings of Titian^ and Cejare 
VtcelU^ his brother. This fafhion was perhaps imported from Italy, 
together with many others, in the reign of Kin^ Henry VIII. if not* 
in that of King Richard IL 




SrcjBriKs. 



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OP WINDSOR. 373 

Fal. Rcafon, you fogue, reafon : Think^fl: thou, 
lil. endanger my foul gratis ? At a word, hang no 
more about me, I am no gibbet for you : — ^go. — A 
Ihort knife and a throi^ ;* — ^to your manor of Pickt- 
hatch,' go. — You'll not bear a letter for me, you 



Thas alfo Marfton^ in The Scourge of Fiilanie, Lib. III. ikt. 8 : 

** — — Another, he 

" Hcr//a;rr-i&fl)»i/^^ fan would gladly be." 
And in other places. And fiifhop Hafi, in his Satires, publilhed 
1597, Lib. V. fat.iv: 

" Whiles one piece pays her idle waiting manne, 

" Orbuysahoode» 01 fil^ver-handled ivnvA** 
In the Sidn^ papers, publilhed by Collins^ a fan is prefented to 
queen Ellzabetn for a new year's gift, the handle of which was 
nudded with diamonds. T. Warton. 

• AJbort httfe and a throng ;] So Lear : *• When cut-purfes 

come not to throngs** Warburton. 

Part of the employment given by Drayton, in The Mooncalf , to 
the Baboon, feems the (aipc with this recommended by Falftaff: 
*' He like ^ gypfey oftentimes 'would go, 
«« All kinds ofgibberifif he bath learn d to know : 
•* And nuith aftick , a Jhort firing, andanoofe, 
«* Would Jbow the people tricks at fafi and loofe!* 
Theobald has throng inftead of thong. The latter feems right. 

Lakgton* 

Greene, in his Life of Ned Browne, 1592, fays: ** I had no 
Other fence but myjtwn knife, and a paire di purfe-firings*' 

Steetens^ 
Mr. Dennis reads — thong \ which has been followed, I think, 
improperly* by fome of the modern editors. 

Sir Thomas Overburjr's Chara3ers, 161 6, fumifli us with a 
confirmation of the readme of the old copies : " The eye of this, 
wolf is as quick in his head as a cutpurfe in a throng," Ma lone. 
< Pickt^hatch,] Is frequently mentioned by contemporaiy 

writers* So, in Ben Jonfon's Every Man in his Humour : 
** From the Bordello it might come as well, 
«• The Spital, or Pia-hatch." 
Again, in Randolph's Mtt/es Looking-glafs, 1638 : 

«* the lordihip of Tumbull, 

" Which with my PiS-hatch Grange, and Shore-ditcl^ 
farm," &c. 

B b3 



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374 MERRY WIVE^ 

j-ogue t—^yoq ftand upon yfur hooevi t^Why, thou 
unconfina,ble bafeaefs, it ia a^ much as IatA4Q> t<f 
keep the ternw of my honour precife* I, I, I my-i 
fclf fomctimes, ie^ving th^ foar of heaven on thQ 



FiS'hatcb was in TumhulUfireet : 

" your where doth live 

«« In Pia*hatch, Tutnbull^reti:^ 

Amends fit Ltidin^ a Comedy hy N. Field, i6iS. 
The derivation of the word PiS-hatch may perhaps be difcovered 
from the following paflagc in Cupid* s Wbirttpig^ 1607: •* — Set 
fome pich upon your i^tf/f A, and, 1 pray, profefi to keep a bawdy- 
houfe." Perhaps the unfeafonabk and ooftreperous irruptions of 
the ffallants of that age, might render fuch a precaution neoeflary* 

So, m Pericles Prince of Tyve^ 1 609 : ** if in our youths wc^ 

could pick up fome pretty eftate, 'twere not aau& to keep our 
door hatch'dy* &c. Stievens. 

Pid-hatch was a cant name of fome part of the town noted for 
bawdy-houfcs ; as appears from the following paflagc in Marfton*j 
Scourge fir Villanie^ Lib. III. fat, x : 

" Looke, who yon doth go ; 

*' The meager letcher lewd Luxurio.— 
«• No ncwe edition of drabbes comes out, 
*' Bm fecne and allow*d by Luxurio's fnout, 
. f* Did ever any man ere heare him talke 
*• But of Pick-hatch, or of fome Shoreditch bauike, 
•* Aretinc's filth," &c. 
Sir T. Hanmer fays, that this was *< a noted harbour for thieves 
And pickpockets," who certainly were proper coQipanions for a man 
of Piftol's profeHion, But FalftafF here more immediately «|pns 
io ridicule another of his friend's vices ; and there is fome humour 
in calline Piftol's favourite biothe), hk manor of PichtJ^tsuh^ 
Marflon has another allufion to Picht-hatch of Pici^kauh, which 
ronfirms this illuilration : 

** His old cynick dad 

*' Hath forc'd him cleans foriake his Pick-btstch drab." 

Lib, I. {at. iii, T. Wartok. 
Again, in BenJoAfon's Epig. XII, on Lieutenant Shift: 
*• Shift, here in town, not meaneft among fquires 
" That haunt Picit-bfitch, Merlh Lambeth, and White fryers.* 
Again, in The Blade Booie, 1604, 4to. Lucifer fays — " I 
|»roceeded towards Piciuhaub, intending to beginne their f.rft, 
which (as I may fitly name it) is tlic very ikirt« of all BrotLci- 
boufes*" Douce. 



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OF WINDSOR^ 37^ 

left hand^ and hiding mine honour in my necef- 
fity^amfainto fhufile> to l}edge« and to lurch; and 
yet you, rogue, will enfconce your rags,^ your cat-a- 
mountain looks, your red--latticephrafes,^ and your 
bold-beating oaths, under the Ihelter of your ho- 
nour ! You will not do it, you ? 

PisT. I do relent ; What would'ft thou more of 
man? 

4 enfconce ywr ragf^ &c.] A /coirce is a petty fortification* 

To enfcoHCty therefore, u to protedt as with a f<Mt. The word 
occurs again in if. Renty IV. P. L St sevens. 

^ red-lattice //&r/i^/,] Your ale-houfe converfation. 

Johnson. 

- lUd lattice at the doors and windows, were formerly the external 

denotements of an ale-houfe. So, in A Fine Companion^ one of 

Shackerlcy Marmion's plays: " A waterman's widow at- the 

iign of the nd lattice in Soothwark." Again, in ArdtH of Feverjblm, 

«» — his fign pulled down, and his lattice bom away.'* 
Again, in The Miferies ofinforc^d Marriage, 1607 • 

" — 'tis treafon to the red lattice ^ enemy to the fign-poft.** 
Hence the prefent chequers. Perhaps the reader will exprels fome 
furprize, when he is told that (hops, with die fign of the chequers ^ 
were commott among the Romans. See a view of the left-hand 
Areet of Pompeii, (No. 9.) prefented by Sir William Hamilton, 
(together with feveral ouers, equally curious,) to die Antiquaty 
Society. Stsbvbns. 

%e foilowint paflage b firatthwaite*s Strapado for the Divell^ 
161;, confirms Mr. Steeveos's obfervation. — *' To the true difco- 
verer of fecrets, Monfieur Bacchus. — ^Mafter-gnnner of the pottle-pot 
ordnance,— prime-founder of red lattices,^ &c. 

In AW Heufy IF. P. 11. FalftaflT's page, fpeaking of Bardolph, 
fays, *♦ he called me even now, my lord, trirough a red lattice, 
and I could fee no part of his face from the window." Malon e. 

This defignation of an ale-houfe is not altogether loft, though 
the original meaning of the word is, the fign being converted into 
a green lettuce ; of which an inftance occurs in Brownlow Street, 
Holborn. — In The laft Will and Tefiament of Larwrence Lucifir, 
ihe old Batchiler of Limho, at the end of the <« Blacke Booke," 
i6o4« 4^o« ^' ^^ following paifage: " — watched fomedmes ten- 
houres together in an ale-houfe, ever and anon peeping forth, and 
Jampling thy n*>fe with the red Lattis,*' Douce. 

B b 4 



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376 MERRY WIVES 



Enter Robin. 

« 

Rob. Sir^ here's a woman would ipeak with you. 
Fjl. Let her approach^ 

Ent^r Miftrefs Quickly. 

^iCK. Give your worfhip good-morrow. 
Fal. Good-morrow, good wife. 
SlyicK. Not fo, an't pleafe your worlhip. 
Tal. Good maid, then. 

^icK. V\\ be fwom ; as my mother was, the 
iirfl hour I was born. 

Pal. I do believe the fwearer : What with me ? 

^icK. Shall I vouchfafe your worfhip a word 
or two ? 

Fal. Twothoufand, fair woman ; and I'll vouch- 
fafe thee the hearing. 

^icK. There is one miftrefs Ford, fir; — I 
pray, come a little nearer this ways : — I myfelf 
dwell with mafter dodor Caius. 

Fal. Well, on : Miftrefs Ford, you fay, 

S^viCK. Your worfhip fays very true: I pray 
your worfhip, come a little nearer this ways. 

Fal. I warrant thee, nobody hears; — mine own 
people, mine own people. 

^icK. Are they fo ? Heaven blefs them, and 
make them his fervants ! 

Fal. Well: miftrefs Ford; — what of her? 

^icK. Why, fir, fhe's a good creature. Lord, 
lordl your worfhip's a wanton : Well, heaven for- 
give you, and all of us, I pray ! 



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OF WINDSOR. 377 

Fjl. Miftrefs Ford;— come, miftrefs Ford, — * 
^icK. Marry, this is the (hort and the long of 
h ; you have brought her into fuch a canaries/ as 
'tis wonderful. The beft courtier of them all, when 
the court lay at Windfor,' could never have brought 
her to fuch a canary. Yet there has been knights, 
and lords, and gentlemen, with their coaches ; I 
warrant you, coach after coach, letter after letter, 
gift after gift j fmelling fo fweetly, (all mufk,) and 
fo ruftiling, I warrant you, in filk and gold ; and in 
fuch alligant terms ; and in fuch wine and fugar of 
the beft, and the faireft, that would have won any 
woman's heart; and, I warrant you, they could 
never get an eye-wink of her. — I had my felf twenty 
angels given me this morning : but I defy all angels, 
(in any fuch fort, as they fay,) but in the way of ho- 
nefty : — and, I warrant you, they could never get 
her fo much as lip on a cup with the proudeft of 
them all : and yet there has been earls, nay, which 
is more, penfioners ; * but, I warrant you, all is one 
with her. 



^ canaries,'] This is the name of a briik light dance, and 

is therefore properly enough ufed in low language for any hurry 
or perturbanon. J oh nso n. 

So, Nafh, in Pierce Penttyle/s bis Supplication, 1 505, fays : ** A 
merchant's wife jets it as gineerly, as if (he were dancing the ca^ 
varies" It is highly probsmle, however, that canaries is only a 
miftake of Mrs. Quickly's for quandaries ; and yet the Clown, in. 
As you like it, fays, '* we that are true lovers, run into ftrange capers" 

Stebvbns. 

' lay ^ Windfor,'] i. e. refided there Malonb. 

• earls, nay, tvhicb is more, penftoners ;] This may be illuf- 

trated by a pailage in Gervafe Holies 's Life of the Fir/i Earl of Clare. 
Biog, Brit. Art. Ho L LBS : ** I have heard the carl of Clare fay, 
that when he w^spenfoner to the queen, he did not know a worfe 
man of the whole band than himfelf ; and that all the world knew 
he had then an inheritance of 4000I. a year," Tvrwuitt. 



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37» MERRY WIVES 

Fjr^ But vhat fa/s ihe to me ? be brief, my good 
flic Mercury. 

^iCK. Marry, fliefaath nccciv'd your letter; for 
the which (he thanks you a thoufand times: and (he 
gives you to notify, that her hufband wiilbeabfence 
from his houfc between ten and eleven. 

Pal. Ten and eleven ? 

^uicK. Ay, forfooth ; and then you may com«, 
and fee the pidure, (he fays, that you wot of;' — 
mafter Ford, her hu(band, will be from home. Alas ? 
the fweet woman leads an ill life with him ; he*s a 
very jcaloufy man ; (he leads a very frampold * life 
with him, good heart. 

Barrett, inhU A/vran'r, or Quadruple Dictionary, ijSo, fars, 
that a penfimer was " a gentleman about his prince, alwaic redte, 
with his fpearc* " Stievens. 

PenJtoMers were Gentlemen of the band of Penfioiien«^*-<* In the 
iwrnth of December/' [i J39J fays Stowe, Annals, p. 973, edit. 
1605, " were appointed to waitc on the king's perfon fifty Gentle* 
men, called PeftJiMers, or Spearet^ like as thrjr were in the firlt yeare 
of the king; unto whom was aifiened the fumme of fiftie pounds, 
yerely, for the maintenance of themfelves, and cverie man two 
horfes, or one horfc and a gelding of fervice." Their drcfs was 
remarkably fplendid, and therefore likely to attradi the notice of 
Mfs. Qgickly. Hence, [as both Mr. Stecrcns and Mr. T. War- 
ton have obferved] in A midjummer Night* s Dnam, our author has 
felef^ed from all the tribes of flowers the gold^n-coaitd cowflips to 
be pinfiowrs to the Fairy Queen : 

«* The cowflips tall her ferifionen be, 

*♦ In their /o^ftftf// fpots you fee;" &c. Malonb, 

9 you wot of\] To nifot is to know. Obfolete. So, in King 

Henry VIII: *' — luot you what I found?" Steevsns. 

* ."--^^/ramfio/d — ] This word I have never fcen elfewhcre, 
except in Dr. Hacket's £j^ ofArMifiop JVilliamt, where zfram^ 
pul man fignifies a peevilh troublefome fellow. Johnson. 

In The Roaring Girl^ a comedy, 161 1, I meet with a word; 
%\ hich, though differently fpelt, appears to be the fame : 

" Lax. Coachman. 

*' Coach. Anon, fir J 

" Lax. Arc we fitted with good pbrampfll j^dcsi" 



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OP WINDSOR. 379 

"' Fji: Ten und eleven i Woman^ commend mc to 
her J I will not fail her. 

^icK. Why you fay well : But I have anothef 
mencngcr to your worfhip : Miftrefs Page hath her 
hearty commendations to you too ;— and let me tell 
you in your ear» (he's as fartuoui^ a civil modeft wife^ 
and one (I tell you) that will not mifs you morning 
nor evening prayer, as any is in Windfor, whoever 
be the other : and (he bade me tell your worihip, 
that her huiband is feldom from home ; but, (he 
hopes, there will come a time. I never knew a wo-, 
man fo dote ypon a man ; furdy> I think you have 
charms, la; y^s, in truth. 

F^L. Not I, I a(rure thee ; fetting the attra<5lion 
of my good parts aiide, I have no other charms. 

^viCK. Blefling on your heart for't ! 

FjL. But, I pray thce^ tell me this : has Ford's 
wife, and Page** wife, acquainted each other how 
they love me ? 

^icK. That were a jeft, indeed ! — they have not 



Ray, among his Smith and Eafi country words, obfcrves, thaxfram- 
pald^ or framfardp fignifies fretfuly pee^ijh^ crofs^ fro^ard, Ai 
f reward (he adds) comes {torn from ; fo ma^y frampard, 

Nafli. in his Prmjir §f the Red Herringy 1 599, fpcaking of 
XieandejT, fays : ** the churlilh frampold waves gave him his belly 
fuUoffifli-broth." 

Again, i» The Iroi§r Temple Mafque, by Middletcm 1 61 9 : *' —'tis 
hframpoUy the puritans will never yield to it. " Again, in The Blind 
Beggar of Beibnai-Greeji, by John Day : ," I think the fellow 1 
frampelly" &c. And, in Beaumont and Fletcher's WU at frveral 
Weapons: 

" Is Pompey grown fo malapert, {oframpelf** 

Stbevens. 

Thus, in The IJie of Gulls — ** What a goodyer aile you mo- 
ihcf ? are y^xxframpull? know you not your own daughter V* 

Uenlet* 



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380 MERRY WIVES 

ib little grace, I hope : — ^that were a trick, indeed! 
But miftrefs Page would defire you to fend her your 
little page, of all loves ; ' her huiband has a marvel- 
lous infedion to the little page : and, truly, mafter 
Page is an honeft man. Never a wife in Windfor 
leads a better life than fhe does ; do what (he will, 
fay what ihe will, take all, pay all, go to bed when 
fhe lift, rife when fhe lift, all is as ftie will ; and, 
truly, ftie deferves it ; for if there be a kind woman 
in Windfor, ftie is one. You muft fend her your 
page ; no remedy. 

Pjl. Why, I will. 

^icK. Nay, but do fo then : and, look you, he 
may come and go between you both ; and, in any 
cafe, have a nay-word,* that you may know one an- 
other's mind, and the boy never need to underftand 
anything; for 'tis not good that children ftiould 
know any wickednefs : old folks, you know, have 
difcretion, as they fay, and know the world. 

Fj l. Fare thee well : commend me to them both : 
there's my purfe 5 I am yet thy debtor. — Boy, go 
along with this woman. — This news diftrads me ! 
[Exeunt Quickltt ^/fi Robin. 

5 ^-.^^-to fend her ywr little page^ ofallloTCS;] O/allhveSs it 
an adjuration only, and fignifies no more than if fhe had faid, 
defires you to fend him hy all means. 

It is ufed in Decker's Honeft Whore ^ P. I. 1635 :— " C(Mijaring 
his wife, of ath loves ^ to prepare cheer fitting," &c. Again, in 
Holinfheds Chronicle, p. 1064: " Mrs. Arden defired him, ojfall 
lo^es, to come backe againe." Ac;ain, in Othello, Aft III : •* — die 
general fo likes your mafick, uiat he defires you, of all Iwes, 
to make no more noife with it." Stbev ens. 

* — a nay^nmrd^ i. e. a nuatch-tvord. So, in a fubiequent 
fccnc : " — Wc have a nay-nuord to know one another," &c. 

Sticvems. 



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OF WINDSOR. 3«i 

Pisr. This punk is one of Cupid's carriers : * — 

Clap on more fails ; purfue, up with your fights ;^ 

Give fire ; (he is my prize, or ocean whelm them 

all ! [Exit Pistol. 



' This pank is one of Cupid's carriers t-^'^ Punk is a plaafibte 
leadings yet abfuid on examination. For are not all/«»b Cuftd'i 
carriers f Shakfpeare certainly wrote : 

** This PINK is cne of Cupid* s carriers: 

And then the fenfe is proper, and the metaphor, which is all 
the way taken from the marine, entire. A pink is a' veflel of the 
fmall craft, employed as a carrier (and fo called) for merchantSt 
Fletcher ufes the word in his Tamer Tamed: 

" This PINK, this painted foift, this cockle-boat. 

Warburtok. 

So, in The Ladies* Prhvilege, 1640 : ** Thefc gentlemen know 
better to cut a caper than a cable, or board a pink in the bordells^ 
^than a dnnace at fea." A fmall fidmon is called a falmon-/nri. 

Dr. Fanner, however, ob&nres, that the word puuk has been 
onneceflarily altered to //«/. In Benjonfon's Bartholomew Fair^ 
joftice Oyodo fays of the pig-woman ; ** She hath been before 
me, pmtk, pixnace, and baw(C any time thefe two and twenty 
years.'* Stbbvens. 

^ -^— «/ noOb your fights;] So again, in Fletcher's Tamer 
Tamed: 

*' To htiw haftghts out, and defy me, friends ! 

*• A well^Known man of war." 

As to the word fights ^ both in the text and in the quotation, it 
was then, and, for aught I know, may be now, a common iea« 
term. Sir Richard Hawkins, in his Voyages, p, 66, fays : •* For 
onoe we cleared her deck ; and had we bun able to have fpared 
but a dozen men, doubtlefs we had done with her what we would ; 
for (he had no clofe fights," i. e. if I underftand it right, w 
fmall arms. So that by fights is meant any manner of £fence^ 
either (mall arms or cannon. So, Dryden, in his tragedy of 
Amboyua : 

** Up with your fights, 

** And your nettiugs prepare," &c. Wa&b vrtok. 

The quotation from Diyden might at leaft have raifed a fufpicion 
ihat fights were atitherfmaU arms, nor castnon. Fights and netting^ 
are properly joined. Fights, I find, are cloatbs hung round th^ 
fliip to conceal the men from the enemy ; and cloje-fights are buUt" 
beadi, otjuky other iheltcr chat the fabrick of a (hip al&rds. 

Johnson. 



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3«? MERRY W.IVES 

Fal. Sayftthoufd, oWJack? go thy \Vays ; Mt 
inake more of chy old body than I htve done. Will 
they yet look after thee.? Wilt thou^ after the ex-» 
pence of fo truich money, be now a gainer ? Good 
body, I thank thee : Let them fay, 'tis grofsly done ; 
fo it be fairly done, no matter. 

Enter Bardolph« 

• BauX). Sir John, there's one maftcr Brook below 
Would fain fpeak with you, and be acquainted with 
you ; and hath fent your worfhip a morning's draught 
offack.* 

Pau Brook, is his name ? 

So, in Heywodd afid kowley's tottiedy, called Ptfrtune hj Lani 

aftdSea: •' dilplay'd their Cfifigfis, at/ njuith all their f eights ^ 

their matches in their cocks/' &c. Agalft, Ifl the Chtiftian turned 
Turk, 1 612: " Laccttie nettittg, and kt down the ji&/&/x, make 
Icady the fliol/' &c. Again, in Thi Ai/r Mblibftht Wtjl,\e\% 1 
«* Then now up 'with your fights^ and let ybor enlign^, 
<'• Bleft wifh Sf. George's crdrs, j^lay with che winds/' 
Again^ in Beaumont and Fletcher's Valentinian : 

<« i^.*.^ While I wei^ able td efidore a teMpdly 
<' And bear my fights (nil WaV«ly, till my tdCl^ 
«' WMftled i' th' wind/'-— StebtsiI^. 
^ ^^one mafittSrook below nOouU fath fpeidt nJuith y<m^ nnihe ac- 
^uiinted with yoil s and hath font yoot worihit) a mof ning^s draught 
of fack.] It fecms fo have bden a Common cuttom at taverns. In dnf 
^uihor^s time, to fend brefents of wine ffom one room to ariother, 
Either as a memorial ot friendfhip. or (a^ ifi the prefent inlbnce) 
by way of introduftioft to acquaintance* Of the cxillente of thia 
braftice tfie following anecddtc of Bcft Joblbh and the Ingertiou* 
Bifhop Corbet fumiflies a proof. ** Ben Tonfoa was at a tavern, 
and in comes Bifhop Corbet (but not fo then] into the next room. 
Ben Jonfoh calls for a quart of ra^ wine, and gives it to the 
tapfter. ' Sirrah, fays he, tarty this lo the genttafflaft in the next 
chamber, and tell him, I facrilioe my fervke to him/ The felknr 
did, and in thofe words. Friend, fava Dr. C^rbot, I thank him 
for his k)Ve ; bnt 'pr'ythee tell him mm me that lie is miftaken ; 
for fadificti ate always ^m»//' Mirr^ Fmffugit$4mdjmfit^ MS& 
tiarh 6595. Maloke* 



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OF WINDSOR. 385 

SjIRB. Ay> fif. 

Fj4L. Call him in ; [£Af//BARDOLPH.j Such Brooks 
are welcome to me, that overflow fuch liquor. Ah ! 
ha ! miftrcfg Ford and miftrcfs Page, have I encom- 
pafs'dyou? goto; viaP 

Reenter Bardolph, wifb Ford dijguifed^ 

Ford. Blefs you, fir. 

Fal. And you, fir : Would you fpeak witli me? 
Ford. I make bold, to prefs with fo little pre<» 
paration upon you^ 

Fal. You're welcome; What's your will ? Give 
us leave, drawer* [Exit Bardolph* 

Ford. Sir, I am a gentleman that have ipent 
much ; my name is Brook. 

Fal. Good mafter Brook, I defire more acquaint-^ 
anceof you. 

Ford. Good fir John, I fiie for yours : not to 
charge you ; • for I muft let you underftand, I think 
myfelf in better plight for a lender than you are : 
the which hath fomething emboldened me to this 
unfeafon'd intrufion ; for they fay, if money go be-^ 
fore, all ways do lie open. 

Fal. Money is a good foldier, fir^ and will on. 



^ ^0 u ; via !] This cant phrafe of exultation or defiaoce* 

Is common in die old plars. So, In B/grt Mafter Conftahte : ' 
" ^tttferftte! Fortane* lo! this b all." STtiTtNs/ 

Mtfkhun ufes this wond as one of the rocal helps neceflarj lb( 
ievivin{ a horfe's fpirits in galloping large rings* when he giowt 
flothful. Hence this cant phrafe (perhaps from %he Itaiian, 'via) 
tsoLy be ufed on other occaiions to quicken or pluck up courage. 

ToLhtrl 

* «-— ^ Mot to charge you ;] That is, not with a purpoie of patting 
you to cxpence, or leittg huftbtnfme. JoH v ion* 

7 



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384 MERRY WIVES 

Ford. Troth, and I have a bag of money here 
troubles me : if you will help me to bear it, fir John, 
take all, or half, for eafing me of the carriage, 

Fal. Sir, I know not how I may dcferve to ht 
your porter. 

Ford. I will tell you, fir, if you will give me the 
hearing. 

Fal. Speak, good mafter Brook ; I fliall be glad 
to be your fervant. 

Ford. Sir, I hear you are a fcholar, — I will be 

brief with you ; and you have been a man long 

known to me, though I had never fo good means^ 
as defire, to make myfelf acquainted with you. I 
ihall difcover a thing to you, wherein I muft very 
much lay open mine own imperfection : but, good 
fir John, as you have one eye upon my follies, as 
you hear them unfolded, turn another into the re- 
gifter of your own ; that I may pafs with a reproof 
the eafier, fith^ you yourfelf know, how eafy it is to 
be fuch an offender. 

Fal. Very well, fir; proceed. 

Ford. There is a gentlewoman in this town, her 
hufband's name is Ford, 

F^L. Well, fir. 

, Ford. I have long loved her, and, I proteft to 
you, befl:ow'd much on her; foUow'd her with a 
doting obfervance ; engrofs*d opportunities to meet 
her; fee*d every flight occafion, that could but nig- 
gardly give me fight of her 5 not only bought many 
pirefents to give her, but have given largely to many, 
to know what Ihe would have given : briefly, I have 
purfued her, as love hath purfued me; which hath 
been, on the wing of all occafions. But whatfoever 

» ;/?//^— ] it c. fincc. Strive H8, 



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OF WINDSOR. 385 

I have merited^ cither in my mind, or in my means^ 
meed/ I am hire, I have received none; unlefs 
experience be a jewel : that I have purchafed at an 
infinite rate ; and that hath taught me to fay this : 

Love like a^adow flies, wben/uiftance love purfues ; 

Pur/uing that that flies, and flying what purfues .^ 

Fal. Have you received no promife of fatisfac- 
don at her hands ? 

Ford. Never. 

Fal. Have you importuned her to fuch apurpofe ? 

Ford. Never. 

Fal. Of what quality was your love then? 

Ford. Like a fair houfe, built upon another 
man's ground ; fo that I have loft my edifice, by 
miftaking the place where I ereded it. 

Fal. To what purpofe have you unfolded this to 
me? 

Ford. When I have told you that, I have told you 

• — meed^'\ 1. c. reward. So Spenfer : 

** A rofy nrland was the vigor's meed.'* 
Again, in our author's T<wo Gentlemen 6f Verona : 

*' Vouchfafe me for my meed but one fair look." Stb evens. 

• Love like ajhadonvflies, tvhen fubfiance Iwe purfuei ; 
Purfumg thai that flies, ated flying njohat purfues J\ Thefe lines 

have much the air of a quotation, but I know not whether they 

belong to any contemporary writer. In Florio's Second Fruites, 

1591, I find the following vcrfes : 

«' Di donne c, et fempre fu natura, 

** Odiar chi I'ama, e chi non Tama cura." 

Again: 

** — ^ Sono fimili a crocodilli 

" Chi per prender rhuomo, piangono, e ptefo la devorano, 

** Chi le fugge fequono, e chi le feque fuggono." 

Thus tranflated by Horio : 

** —they are like crocodiles, 

«« They weep to winnc, and wonne they caufc to die, 

•« Follow men fljingp and men following flj** M alone. 

Vol. hi. C c 



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386 MERRY WIVES 

all. Some (ky, that, though ihe appear honeft k^ 
ttic, ytt, in other places^ Ibe enk^ech her mirth 
fo far, that there is (hrewd conftrudion made of 
her. Now, fir John, here ia the heart of my purpofe i 
You are a gentleman of excellent breeding, admi- 
rable difcourfe, of great admittaiice/ autfaentick 
in your place and perfon, generally allowed ' for 
your many war-like, court-like, and learned pr&* 
parations. 

Fjl. 0,fir! 

Ford. Believe it, for you know it:— There is 
money ; fpend it, fpend it ; fpend more ; fpend all 
I have ; only give me fo much of your time in ex- 
change of it, as to lay an amiable negc* to the ho- 
nefty of this Ford's wife : ufe your art of wooing, 
win her to confent to you ; if any man may, you 
may as foon as any. 

Fal. Would it apply well to the vehemency of 
your aifedion, that I (hould win what you would 
enjoy ? Methinks, you prefcribe to yourfelf very 
prepofteroufly. 

Ford* O, linderftand my drift ! ihe dwdls fo fe- 
curely on the excellency of her honour, that the 
folly of my foul dares not prefent itfdf ; (he is tpo 
bright to be look'd againil.^ Now^ could I come 



4 •» e^ great admittance,] i. c. admitted lotD all, ot tbe gteatdl 
companies. Stseveni* 

5 lemralfy allovMi--*] Jtbwtd tt nffnfwL So» in KtM^ 

Lear: 

* _/» £nr «r amiafole^i;^^^ i. e. a fiege of loTt. So, ia 
Romeo and Juliet : 

^^ fiege of Iwing tcnns/* M a l o k t . 



7 She it to§ Bright to Be Uok*d a^ainftA 

** Nimiom hd)ricus a^ici.^ Ar. Ma 



LOWS. 



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OF Windsor. 587 

id hit wifH ftny d6£eftion in my hahd^ my d<!fire8 
had inftance and argument* to commend them- 
£drti; I Gould drive her then from the wird of 
her purity^' her deputations her marriage vow, siiid 
a thoufand other her defences, which now are tiki 
ttiongly embattled againft me : What fay you to% 
fir John? 

PaL. Wfaftclr Brook, I will firft mike bold with 
your money ; ncj^t, give tne your haftd ; Ktid laft» 
as 1 am a sentlemanj yoU flfAlli if you Willi itxjof 
Ford's wife* 

FoRD^ O go6d fir ! 

Fal. Mafter Brook, I fly you fllilh 

PoRi>. Want no moftey, fir John, yoii (bill want 
lione. 

Fal. Want no miftrefs Ford, mafter Brookj you 
Ihall want none. I Ihall be with her (1 may tell 
you,} by her own appointment ; even as you came 
in to me, her aififlant^ or go-between, parted from 
Irte: i fay, I fliall be with her between ten and 
eleven; for at that time the jealous rafcally knave, 
her hufband, will be forth. Come yoii to me at 
hight ; you flulll kiiow how I fp^ed. 



Johnson* 
^ — /(&? ward of her purity tl i. c. Ittic Jefence of it. 

What Ford means to iav is, that if he could once detedt her in 
a crime, he ihould then oe able to drive her from thofe defewctt 
#kh Which ttit woald othet^ft 'voari off his idditB^, fetcn aft 
Ser pHrky, her fcputatio*. ftcf ttfarritg^ y^tfW, Arc. 

So, in The Wmn's Tale, H<!rmJone, fpfcAin^ dt rofittAcf, 
iays to Leontes, 

'« ^Tell himi rou'rfe fo« 

" All in Boheidi^ i^ell," kc. '* Say tK* to him, 
** H^B httat &oii his befl ti;a^." M. Mjci^jf. 
C C 2 



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388 MERRY WIVES 

Ford. I am bleil in your acquaintance; Do you 
know Ford, fir? 

Fal. Hang him, poor cuckoldly knave ! I know 
him not : — yet I wrong him, to call him poor ; they 
fay, the jealous wittolly knave hath mafles of mo« 
ney; for the which his wife fcems to mc welU 
favoured. I will ufe her as the key of the cuckoldly 
rogue's coffer ^ and there's my harvcft-home. 

Ford. I would you knew Ford, fir; that you 
might avoid him, if you faw him. 

Fal. Hang him, mechanical falt-butter rogue ! 
I will fl:are him out of his wits ; I will awe him 
with my cudgel : it ftiall hang like a meteor o'er 
the cuckold's horns : mafl:er Brook, thou flialt know, 
I will predominate over the peafant, and thou flialt 
lie with his wife. — Come to me foon at night : — 
Ford*s a knave,and I will aggravate his ftile ;* thou, 
mafl:er Brook, flialt know him for knave and cuck- 
old :— come to me foon at night. \^Exit. 

Ford. What a damn'd Epicurean rafcal is this ! 
*— My heart is ready to crack with impatience. — 
Who fays, this is improvident jealoufy ? My wife 
hath fent to him, the hour is fixed, the match h 
made. Would any man have thought this ? — Sec 
the hell of having a falfe woman 1 my bed fliall be 
abufed,my coffers ranfacked, my reputation gnawn 
at; and I fliall not only receive this villainous 
wrong, but ftand under the adoption of abominable 



* and I *will aggravate his ftile ;] Stilt is a phrafe bom the 

Herald's office. Falilaff means, that be nuill add more tit Us to tbofe 
be already enjoys* So, in Heywood's GoZt^« Age^ i6i i : 

*^ I will create lords of a ^r^fl//T^Zr." 
Again, in Spenfer's Faery ^ueen, B. V. c. 2 : 

" As to^andon that which doth contain 

*« Your bonoor's/iiSr, that is, your warlike ihield/' 

Steevsns. 



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OF WINDSOR. 389 

terms, and by him that docs me this wrong. Terms ! 
names !- — ^Amaimon founds well ; Lucifer, well ; 
Barbafon,' well ; yet they are devils* additions, the 
names of fiends : but cuckold ! wittol-cuckold ! ^ 
the devil himfelf hath not fuch a name. Page is 
an afs, a fecure afs ; he will truft his wife, he will 
not be jealous : I will rather truft a Fleming with 
my butter, parfon Hugh the Welchman with my 
cheefe, an Irifhman with my aqua-vitse bottle,* or 
a thief to walk my ambling gelding, than my wife 
with herfelf : then ihe plots, then Ihe ruminates^ 
then ihe devifes : and what they think in their hearts 
they may efFedt, they will break their hearts but 
they will efFeft. Heaven be praifed for my jea- 
loufy ! — Eleven o'clock ^ (he hour ;-^I will prevent 

' r-AmaimoH — Barba/orti\ The reader who is curious to 

know anv particulars concerning thefe daemons; may find them in 
R^inald Scott's Ittvattarie oftherfames, Sbapef, Powers fipfoememint, 
end Effect of Drvils and Spirits ^ of their fe^ral Segitories and De-^ 

C>s: a firange Dijcourfe *woortb the readings p. 377, &c. From 
ce it appoan that AmaimoH was king* of tbe kafi, and Barbatos a 
great countie or earle. Stbbt B N s. 

4 'w\tx.o\'€uckoldl'\ One who knows his wifis's falfehood^ 

and is contented with it; — ^from tvittan. Sax. to know. Malone^ 
5 an Iriihman nvitb mj aqua-vita: bottle ^l Hcyrwood, in his 

Challenge for Beauty, 16^69 mentions die love 01 aqua^vit^ as 
charadteriftick of the Irijh : 

« The Briton he mettieglin quaffs^ 
« The Irr/lf apia-vitir." 
The Irifh dy»a-^/«, IbeUeve* was not brandy, hat uffMebaugh^ 
for which Iretand has been lon^ celebrated. Malonb. 

Dericke^ in The Image of Irelande, 1581, Sign. F 2> mentions 
U/kebeaghe, and in a note explains it to mean ajua 'vit^, Rbbd. 

* Eleven o'clock — ] Ford Ihould rather h^vc faid /«f dWofi .♦ 

the time was between ten and eleven ; and his ijjipatien; Aiipicioa 
was not likely to ftay beyond the time. Johnson. 

It was neceilaiy for the plot that he (hould miftake the hour, and 
come too late. M. Mason. 

It is neceiTary for the buiinefs of the piece that Falftaff (hould be a( 
Ford'9 hoofe before his ittum* Hence our author made him name 

C c 3 



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390 MERRY W>VP5 

this, dftcd my wife, \}^ rcvcBgf^ on Fajlftaff, 9i)4 
Iwgh at Page, I will »bbut it ; better three houn 
too foon, ths^ri a minute toq };ite, {^ie, fi^, fi^ 1 cuck* 
old! cuckold I cyckold! [^//. 

SCENE III, 

{Vind/ar Park. 
J^nter Caius an4 Rugbv. 

Caws. Jack Rugby I 

HvQ. Sir. 

Caws. Vat is dc clock. Jack ? 

Rug. 'Tis pall the hour, fir, that fir Hugh prp- 
mifed to meet. 

Cjivs. By gar, he has fiive his foul, dat he is no 
come,; he has pray his Pible veil, dat he is no come : 
by gar. Jack Rugby, he is dead already, if he be 
come. 

RvG. He is wife, fir; he knew, your worfhip 
would kill him, if he came. 

Caws. By gar, de herring is no dead, fo as I viU 
kill him. Take your rapier, Jack ; I vill tell you 
how I vill kill him. 

Rug. Alas, fir, I cannot feiice. 
Caws. Villainy, take your rapier. 
Rug. Forbear; here's company. 

the later hour. Sec Aft III. fc. ii :— ** The dock pvt» me my 
Cne;-^here Ifimllfind Falftaff:* When he fays above, " I Ihafi 
prevent this,'* he means, not the meeting, but his wife's cftAins 
fierpurpofe. Malone. 



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OF WINDSOR. S9i 

Enter Host, Shallow, Slender and Page, 

• Host. *BIcfs thcc, bully dodor. 

Shal. *Savc you, maftcr dodor Caius. 

PjGE. Now, good mailer dodor ! 

Slmn. Give you good^morrow, fin 

Caws. Vat be all you, one, two, tree, four, come 
for? 

Host. To fee thee fight, to fee thee foin,' to fee 
thee traverfe, to fee thee here» to fee thee there ; to 
fee thee pafs thy punto^ thy ftock,* thy reverfe, thy 
diftance, thy montant. Is he dead, my Ethiopian ? 
is he dead, my Francifco ? ' ha, bully ! What lays 
my i^fculapius? my Galen? my heart of elder?* 
ha ! is he dead,^ bully Stale ? ^ is he dead ? 

* io/ee thee foin,] Tofoin, I believe, was the ancient tenn 

fer makkg a thruft in fencmg, or tttdag. So» in 7%r Wi/e Woaum 
tfM^gfJon, 16^8: 

** i had my wards, zxnifiim^ and qnantr-bkiws.'^ 
Again, in The Dtnril's Ciarur, 1607 : 
^ — — ->firopofe my daeliift 
** Should ndfify the /^or^ opon me thos, 
^ Hen wiU I take him." 
Spenler, in his Faeiy ^tfgtft, often nfcs the word foift. So, in 
B.ILC. i: 

^ And ftrook andy^/v'4 and lafh'd oatrs^jeoufly." 
Again» in Holinflied : p. g.35 : ** Firft fix /oines with hand^ 
i^ses,"' Sec. Stibtins. 

■ — -ftjy ftock,] Stock b a corruption of Jfocata, Ital.from 
which language the technical terms that follow are likewife adopted. 

STBEVBNai 

9 mj Francifco ^] He means, ray Frenchman. The quaito 

reads — ^my francoya. Malonb. 

s my heart of elder f\ It flxould be remembered, to make 

this joke reliih„ that the elder tree has no hearts I fuppofe this 
cxpreffion was made ufeof in oppofition to the conmion onc» beaH 
•f oak, Stbbvbns. 

' hullj Stale ?] The itafon why Caius is called bully SuU^ 

C C 4 



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392 MERRY WIVES 

Caws. By gar, he is dc coward Jack pricft of the 
vorld ; he is not (how his face. 

Host. Thou art a Caftilian * king. Urinal ! Hcdor 
of Greece, my boy ! 

and afterwards Urinal, muft be fafficiently obvious to every reader, 
and efpecially to thofe whofc credulity and weaknefs have enrolled 
them among the patients of the prefent German empiric, who calls 
himfelf Do^or Alexander Mayeribach. Steevbms. 

* '"•^Caftilian — ] Sir T. Hanmcr reads — Carialian^ as ufed 
corruptedly for Cceur de lioft^ Johnson. 

Caftilian and EtbiopioMt Uke Catalan* appear in our author's time 
to have been cant terms. I have met with them in more than one 
of the old comedies. So, in a defcription of the Armada intro- 
duced in the Stately, Moral of the Three Lords of London, ' 1 590 : 

" To carry, as it were, a carelefs regard of thefe Ca/Hliant, and 
their accuftom'd bravado." 

Again: 

" To parley with the proud Caftilians,'* 

I fuppofe Caftilian was the cant term for Spaniard in general. 

Stebvbns« 

I believe this was a popular flur upon the Spaniards, who were 
held in great contempt after the bufinefs of the Armada. Thus we 
have a Treaiife Faranetical, ^wherein isjbewiedthe right nvay to refift 
the Caftilian king : and a fonnet, prefixed to Leds Anf<wer to the 
Untruths puhlifljed in Spain , inglorie of their fuppofedVi^ary atcbteved 
againft our Englijh Nawie^ begms : 

** Thou fond Caftilian king/"^-vad fo in other places. 

Fakmbk. 

Dr. Fanner's obfervation is juft. Don Philip the Second a&Aed, 
the title of King of Spain ; but the realms of Spain would not 
agree to it, and only ilyled him King of Caftile and Leon, &c. and 
fo he wrote himfelf. His cruelty and ambitious views upon other 
ftates, rendered him univerfally detefted. The Cafiilians, being 
defcended chiefly from Jews and Moors, were deemed to be of a 
malign and perverfe difpofition; and hence, perhaps, the term 
Caftilian became opprobrious. I have extracted this note from an 
old pam{>hlet, called The Spanijh^ Pilgrime, which I have reafon to 
fuppofe is the fame difcourfe with the Treatife Par^enetical, men- 
tioned bv Dr. Farmer. Tollet. 

Dr. Farmer, I bclie\'e, is right. The hoft, who, availing him- 
felf of the poor Doftor's ignorance of Englifli phrafeology, applies 
to him all kind of opprobrious terms, here means to call him a 
ooward. So, in The Three Lords of London, 1 590 : 



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OF WINDSOR. 393 

Cjius. I pray you, bear vitnefs that me have ftay 
lix or feven, two, tree hours for him, and he is no 
come. 

Shal. He is the wifer man, mailer dodor : he 
is a curer of fouls, and you a curer of bodies ; if 
you fhould fight, you go againil the hair ^ of your 
profeilions : is it not true, mafler Page ? 

Page. Mafter Shallow, you have yourfelf been 
a great fighter, though now a man of peace. 

Shal. Body kins, mafter Page, though I now be 
old, and of the peace, if I fee a fword out, my fin- 
ger itches to make one : though we are juftices, and 
dodors, and churchmen, mafter Page, we have fome 
fait of our youth in us ; we are the fons of women, 
mafter Page. 

Page. *Tis true, mafter Shallow. 

Shal. It will be found fo, mafter Page. Mafter 
dodor Caius, I am come to fetch you home. I am 
fwom of the peace : you have ftiowed yourfelf a wife 
phyfician, and fir Hugh hath fliown himfelf a wife 
and patient churchman: you muft go with me, 
mafter doftor. 



** My lordcs, what means theie gallants to performe ? 
** Come thefe CaftiiUan cvwardshvx to brave ? 
** Do all thefe mountains move, to breed a monie ?" 
There may* however^ be alfo an allofion to his profeffion» as a 
water-c^^r. 

I know not whether we ihonld not rather point — ^Thou art a 
Caftilian^ king-urinal! Sec. 
In K. Henry VJIL Wolfey is called count-cardinal. Malons, 

* agaittft the hair, {Jff.l This phrafe is proverbial, and is 

taken from ftrddng the hair of animals a contrary way to that in 
which it grows. So, in T. Churchyard's Di/cour/e of Rebellion, 
&c. 1570: 

** You fhoote amis when boe is drawen to eare, 
** And brufli the cloth fuU fore agmnft the heart.'* 
We now lay againft thc^onr* Stbsvbns. 



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^ MERRY WIVES 

Hmt. Ptrdcuit gucfl juftice ^.p^ wordj nuuiikur 
Muck-rwaetr,^ 

Caius. Muck-vatcr! vatisdat? 

ft^s^. Muck-water^ in our Ehgliih (onguc, is va- 
louF) bully. 

6 — Mttck-mmlpk] TheoUcopf ftid**^aiMk-witor. STiBTtin. 

The Hoft iWMSm I bdifv«» tp jcAift qo 4tfi Uiit^oa «f nnnc, 
which in«4e % conudgr^Uc {Ktn of pi;«Aicad phjifick in tHsit Um^i 
yet I do not well fee the meaiung of mock-^uxtter^ Johnson. 

Dr. Fanner jodidoiifljr profofes to read — mmci-^ater, L e« the 
ijnixi pf a diiBgUU. 

nii|;ht have funufhed Sbakipeare with a fufficknt hint for the cocn- 
p»ttiid term muek^mtHtter, as apf^ed to Dr. Caius. Dr. Fanner'ft 
emendation is completely countenanced by the fame work, p^ \jl^ 
** Farthermore, Phifil¥Wa oftcntiopcs b^ cpntarieus bf vwon 
of mrim** &c. hot the reft of the paflage (in which the names of 
fjf^ti^f V^o(tntu% 4rQ. are hieioroufty ktredaeed) it too in- 
^[fiUc^e XQ be l|id befoie di4 rc»d«r« Stsbvens, 

Muti-^/Hcr^ 9jk e^qxlainfd by Dr. Farmer, is iiM«iipiifd in J«^- 
^'/ Pbt^fo^kalDiJcwrJe 9n Earthy 1676, p. l6o^ KsB<^ 

jf <V^/, Monfi^r Mnck-water.l The fecond of theft wosdi 
!|PW reeevered ftom the early quarto by Mr. TheobaU. Some years 
ago I fnfpedled that meci-avater, which i^ipears to me to atiflbrd no 
meaning, was cornipt, and that the author wrote— Mtfif-water. I 
have fince obferved that the words mock and make are often con- 
foun<M iR ^qU fQl jto a Mid hawc theselbrenoiw more confidence 
in my conjea«ff» }| k ohfemMe that ^ hoft, availing himfelf 
of the Do^'s igsiMViCf i^EnsjiA, asMKes to the terms that he 
«f«l « HmS^ ^raSbr Qp|Mi&ie tatteir aeat iij^port. Thus, the poor 
Frenchman is made to believe, that '« he will dapper^cbtw diee 
«£^lly'." %V^Sm '« hft wia nuke thee amtnd^*"^ Again, whq(» 
he propofes to be his frteni^ he tells hia, «< fei thii I wiB* be thy 
qimjify^ toT9i«r4 Aw>ft Fagew'^' So alfe* inAead of «« heart of ««(/* 
lie Q^stuflU" heart q(#/JW-." Ii^tbefwe w^, hftviibnBsMm 

ondDetitiyofLardCxomffHH*, \^!^i^ ^ fcwalo Qt tUa aavie i& mcii>- 
tioned. Malonb. 

I have ii^jGMM4 Dn. Eamer'^ encadaiion in my text. Where is 
the faumoiVF Qf »vg|priet}»«f oaUing a nxfic4aH~^Make^nvaUr ^ It is 
fttidy a term of genetal appiaatioa* ^Taai^tNSc 



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OF WINDSOR. 3,1 

Qifu$. By gar> tkcfi I have as mufrh miiek^vater 
i|s dfi Engliihman i-ri-^rrScurvy jack^doguprieli t by 
gar^ me vil cut his ears. 

Hq^t. He will clapfH^ri-claw thee tightly, bully. 

Cjius. Clapper-dc-claw ! vatisdat? 

Host. That is, he will make thee amends. 

Cmus. By gar, me do look, he ihall clapper-d[eip 
claw me ; for, by g^T* Pie viH have it. 

Host. And I will provoke him to*t, or let him 
wag. 

Cjjvs* Me tank you for dat. 

Host. And niorepYCf, bully,— = But firft, mafter 
gueil, and mafter Page, and eke cavalere Slender, go 
you through the town to Frogmor?, [4fi^ '^ ^^^^* 

PjfQM. Sir Hugh \^ th«r«s i« h« ? 

Host. He is there : fee what humour he is in s 
and I will bring the do^cpr about by (he fields • wil) 
it do well ? 

Shjl. We will do it; 

Pjge. Shji. aud&LEV.hddtvkygooA mafter dodor. 
[Exeunt Page, Shallow ^^t^Slenpei^. 

Caws. By gar, me vill kill de prieft j for he 
(peak for a japs^^fuv^ap^ to An(i« Page. 

Hosr. Let him die : but; firft, fheath thy impa->- 
tiences throw cold water op thy chojer : ' go about 
the fields with me through Fri^mpre ; I will bri^g 
thee where miftrefs Anne Page is, at a farm-houfe a 
ieafting ; and thou fhall woo her : Cry*d game, fai4 
I wellM 

•* Sprinkle cool piricncr^'* Stbbyins. 

* ^'d guat,/aid J wellf] Mf. Theobald alters this 

nodenfe to tiy'a gamei that is» to nonftpfo of a worfe com- 

I 



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396 MERRY WIVES 

Caws. By gar^ me tank you for dat : by gar, I 
love you ; and I fhall procure-a you de good gueft^ 

plcxion. Shakfeeare wrote and pointed thus, cry mu^faidt 
nuellf i. e« codent to it, approve of it* Have not I made a good 
propofal ? for to cry aim (igmfics to confent to> or approve otday 
thing* So, again in this play : Jjtui to tbefe mioUnt proceedhigM all 
my luighhwrs Jball CRY aim, i* e* approve them* And again, in 
King Johft, AA II. fc* ii : 

" It ill becomes this prefence to cty aim 

** To thefe ilLtuned repetitions**' 
i* e. to approve of, or encourage them. The phrafe was taken, 
originally, from archery. '\^'hen any one had cnallenged another 
to (hoot at the butts (the perpetual diverfion, as well as exeidfe, 
of that time,) the ftanders-byufed to fay one to the other, Cty aim^ 
i. e. accept the challenge. Thus Beaumont and Fletcher, m The 
Fair Maid of the /m. Ad V* make the Doke fay : 

" mufti cty KIUJL 

** To this unheard of infolence ?*'■ 
i. c. encourage it, and agree to the requeft of the duel, which one 
of his fubjefls had infolently demanded a^nft the other.-— *-But 
here it is remarkable, that ue fenfelefs editors, not knowing what 
to make of the pkrafe. Cry aim, read it thus : 

** muft I cry ai-ms ;*' 

as if it was a note of inteijedtion* So ag^ni Maflinger, in hit 
Ottardian : 

** I will CRY AIM, and in another room 

** Determine of my vengeance"—- 
And again, in his Renegado : 

" to i>lay the pander 

" To the viceroy's loofc embraces, and cry aim^ 

" While he by force or flattery," &c. 

But the Oxford. editor transforms it to Cock o' th Gamei and hit 
improvements of Shakfpeare's language abound with thefe modem 
elegances of fpecch, fuch as mynbeers, hgU-kaitixgt, &c. 

Warburtor, 

Dr. Warburton is right in his escplanation of en dm, and in 
fuppofing that the phrale was taken from archery ; out is certainly 
wrong in the particular practice which he affigns for the original 
of it* It feems to have been the office of the aim^erier, to sive 
notice t^ the archer when he was within a proper diftance ofhia 
mark, or in a dired line with it, and to pomt out why he failed 
to ftrike it. So, in All's hft by Lrtft, 1633 : 

'< He gvves me aim, I am three bows too (hort \ 

" I'll come up nearer next time.'* 



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OF WINDS aR. 397 

dc earl, de knight, de lords, de gentlemen, my pa- 
tients. 



Again, in Fittarla Coromhoxa, 1612* 
" VUgpvf aim to you, 
'* And tdl how near yon Ihoot/* 

Again, in TJ!>e Spanijb Gipjie, by Rov/lcy and Middleton, i6j5 : 
** Though I am no great made in refpeft of a huge butt, yet I can 
tell you, great bobMrs have (hot at me, and (hot golden arrows s 
but I myUMgt^e aim^ thus : — ^widc,. four bows ; (hort, three and 
a half;'* &c. Again, in Green's Tu ^uofue (no date) ** We'll ftand 
by, and give aim, and holoo if you hit die clout." Again, in 
Jarvis Markham's Engiifi Areadid, 1 607 : " Thou fmiling aim-crier 

at princes' fall." Again, ibid. ** while her own creatures, 

like aim criers^ beheld her mifchance with nothing but lip-pity.'^ 
In Ames's Typographical Antiquities, p. 402, a book is mentioned, 
called ** Ayme for Finfiurie Archers, or an Alphabetical Table of the 
name of every Mark in the fame Fields, with their true Diftances^ 
both by the Map and the Dimenfuration of the Line, &:c. >594*" 
Shakfpeare ufes the phrafe again, in The T*wo Gentlemen of Verwa^ 
fcene the laft, where it undoubtedly mcam to encourage: 

•* Behold her that gave aim to all thy vows." 
So, in The Palfgrarue, by W. Smidi, 1615 : 

** Shame to us all, if we give aim to that." 
Again, in The Revenger's Tragedy ^ i6o^ : 

" A mother to give aim to her own daughter!" 

Agam, in Fentons Tragical Difcourfesy bL 1. 1567. *' — Stand* 
)mg rather in his window to^ — crye ayme, than hclpyng any waye 
to part the fraye/' p. 165. b. 

The original arid literal meaning of this cxpreiEon may be at 
certained from fome of the foregom? examples, and its figurative 
one from the reft ; for, as Dr. Warburton obferves, it can mean 
toothing in thefe latter inftances, but to csn/ent to, approve, or e«- 
courage. — It is not, however, the reading of Shakfpeare in the nail 
fage before us, and therefore, we muft ftrive to produce fome ienfe 
from the words which we find there — erf d game. 

We yet fay, in colloquial language, that fuch a one is — gamh^m 
ox game to the hack. There is furely no need of blaming Theobald's 
emendation with fuch ieverity. Ctfd game might mean, in thofe 
days, — difrofefs'd Luck, one who was. as well known by the report 
of his gallantry, as he could have been hy proclamation. Thus, in 
Troilus and Creffida : 

" On whofe bright crcft, fame, with her lood'ft O-ycs, 
•* Cw/, this is he." 



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39l MERRY WIVES 

Host. For the which, I Will be thy adrerftry t»^ 
ward Anne Page ; faid I well ? 

Caws. By gar, 'tis good ; veil faid. 

Host. Let us wag then* 

Cjius. Come at my heels. Jack Rugby. l^xeuHt. 



^mhm 



ACT III. SCENE I. 
A Pield near Progmre* 

Enter Sir Ht^feU Evans And SiMPtfe. 

i,trA. t j5tay ydu HdW^ gciod mafter Slender's (erv- 
ing-ifian^ and friend Simple by your numei which 
way hfive you looked for mailer Caius, that trails 

himfelf Do^f of Pbjiflck f 

Sim. Marry, fir, the city-Ward,^ the park^wkrd^ 

Again, mAlPt Well that n^lismn, Aall. fci; 

** fifid whict yoQ ieek» 

*» That ftfne may ctfm lokJJ* 
kpki, iti I* Otd^sf £^/»^/ Mekncbofy, 1629 : 

. *« A gall, an arrant gnll hy f¥uUtmiaim!* 
Attthl, \xiKtntUaf: ** ^^-^kfrnlaim^d^ATt.'* Agaln^ in 

^* Hioitt ^n ffoetdiatd a fool, 1 think.'* 

CWi tfibi Qam^ nowcvcf, h.nbt, itt Dr. Warbutton proftouftcci 
If, a mbietn tU^ty ofttHth, ttt It is found iil Warner's AlhhmU 
tngUtfti^ i6o« : B. aU. c. ^4: *« this rofik of game ^ and (ai 
might feeme) this hctl of that btne fether/' Again, in The Mmrtial 
Mahf, )By BeattfrtOtit ahd fletch^f : 

♦^ O eraven cWckcti of a cod 0* tb' game /" 

ktA id many othef glacis. STsavsKs. 

9 ..^u^ the city-ward,] Tha old editions road—llie Pittie-nMfd^ 
the modem editors the Pitty-nvafy. There b now no place that 
anfweis to cither name at Windfor* The aadior i^^t poflibly 
have written (as I have printed) the City*n»tardi i. e^ towards Lond o n, 



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OF WINDSOR/ 39^ 

everyway I cM Windfor wjly^ and every way but the 
town way. 

EyA. I moft fehemently defire you, you will alfa 
look that way. 
SxM. I will, fir. 

Efa. Tlefs my foul ! howfullof cholers I am, 
and trampling of mind !— I fhall be glad, if he have 
deceived me : — how melancholies I am ! — Iwill knog 
his urinals about his knave^s coftard, when 1 have 
good opportunities for the 'ork :-->>*plefs my foul ! 

[Sings. 
Tojballolv risers* to wbd/e falls 
Melodious birds ^ng tnadrigats ; 

In the ItiiierariuiB> however^ of William dt Worc^he, p. 2;i. 
the foUowiiig account of difUnedl id die City of Briftol occurs. 
•• Fia de Pjttey a Fyttey-j^sat^ porta vocata Netlier FjUey^ ufqae 
antiquam portstft Tyttejf ufque viam ducentem ad Wyndi-ilretc 
continet 140 greflhs/' &c« &c. The word — fitUj^ therefore* 
which feems aniatelligible to qb, might anciently have had an ob- 
Tious meaning. Stbbtens. 

* Tojhallvw r/twi, Ac] This is part of a betalifbl little poem 
of the author's; which poem« afid the adfwcr id it» the reader 
will not be difpleafed to nad here* 

ne Pqffiomite Shepherd to his Love. 

•« Come live with me, and be my love, 
'* And we will all the pleafares prove 
** That hilh and vaflies, dale and fleld, 
** And all the cra^jr mountaiAs yield. 
•* There will we fit upott the focts, 
** And fee the fliephcrds feed theif floclw, 
" By (hallow risers, by whofe fall* 
" Melodious birds fiftg madri^ah i 
" There wiU 1 make thee beos 6f fofti 
«« With a thoiffand fragrant jpote, 
•• A cap of Hewers, and a kirf te 
•* Imbroider'd all with leases 6f myfd^ ; 

" ^S?^^^ "^* 0^ ^* fi*^ wool, 
« Which ffom our pretty laaibt w« p«B} 
«< Fair lined ilippcn for the edd^ 
** With buckles of the purcft gold; 



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400 MERRY WIVES 

nere will we make our pe4s ofnfes^ 
And a tbouf and fragrant poQes. 
Tojballow 



** A belt of draw, and ivy hods, 

" With cofid clafps, and amber ftads : 

•' And if thcfcplcafures mxv thcc move, 

" Come live with me, and be my love. 

*' Thy filver diflies for thy meat, 

** As precious as the gods do eat, 

•* Shall on an ivory table be 

** Prcpar'd each dij for thee and me. 

** Tbc ihepherd fwains fliall dance and fing, 

" For thy delight each May morning : 

'' If thefe delists thy mind may move, 

•« Then live with me, and be my love/'* 

The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd. 

** If that the world and love were young, 
• And truth in evciy Ihepherd's tongue, 
** Thcfe pretty pleamres might me move 
•• To live with thee, and be thjr love. 
" But time drives flocks from field to fold, 
•• When rivers raee, and rocks now cold, 
" And Philomel becometh dumb, 
" And all complain of cares to come : 
«' The ^owcn do fade, and wanton fields 
" To wayward winter reckoning vields • 
" A honey tonfi;ue, a heart of gall, 
•• Is fancy's fpnng, but forrow's fiJl. 
** Thy gowns, th)r (hoes, thy beds of rofes, 
•« Thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy pofies, 
** Soon br«dc, foon wither, foon forgotten, 
*' In folly ripe, in reafon rotten. 
•* Thy blclt of ftraw, and ivy buds, 
*' Thy coral clafps, and amber ftuds ; 
" All theie in me no means can move 
** To come to thee, and be thy love. 
" What fhottld we talk of dsdnties then, 
«< Of better meat than's fit for men ? 



* The conclttfion of this and the folbw'mg poem feem to hare ftirnidied MU- 
10 with the hint for the laft lines both of hU jUlegr^ and Fa^enft* Stisvb^s* 



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OF WINDSOR,. 4« 

*Mcrcy on me ! I have a great difpofitions^ to cry. 

** Thefe are but yaln : that's only good 

«• Which God hath blcfs'd, and fcnt for food. 

** But could youth laft, and love ftill breed, 

*' Had joys no date, and age no need ; 

•* Then thefe delights my mind might move 

«• To live with thee, and be thy love," 

Thefe two poems, which Dr. Warburton gives to Shakfpeare, 
«re, by writers nearer that time, dif^fed of, one to^ Marlow, the 
other to Raleigh. They are read in diftrent copies with great 
variations* Johnsoh. 

In EndaniTs Helicon, a colleAion of love^verfes printed in Shak- 
fpeare's liiistime, yit. in qiiarto» i6oo» the firft of them is given to 
Marlowe, the fecond to W^^^ ; ^nd Dr. Percy, in the firil vobme 
of his Reliqmet of Ancunt En^ffi Foetty, obferves, that there is eood 
seafon to believe that (not Shaldpeare, but) Chrtftopher Marlowp 
wrote the fong, and Sir Walter Raleigh the Nymph's Riply \ for fo 
we are pofitively aflured bv Ifaac Walton, a writer of fome credit* 
who has inferted them both in his Compieat AngUr, under the cha* 
rader of '* That fmooth fong which was made hy.Kit Marimjoe, 
now aitJeaft fiftv yesu^ ago ; and an anfwer to it, which was made 

\sY Sir Walter Raleigh in his younger days Old falhion^ 

poetry, but choicely good." See fhe Reissues ^ &c. Vol. I. p. 218, 
221, third edit. 

In Shakfpeare's fonnets, printed by Jaggard, 1^999 this poem 
was^iqipcmnly pUbliflied, and attifbuted to Shakfpean?. Mr. Ma- 
lone, however, obferves, that ** What feems to aicertain it to be 
Marlowe's, is, that one of the lines is found (and not as a auotsi- 
tion) in a pky of his — The Jrw of^ Malta ; which, thougn not 
printed till 1633, muft have been written before 1593, as he died 
m that year :" 

•' Thou in thofe groves, hy Dis above, 

** Shalt Iroe nmtb me, and be my love.** Steivbns., /_ 

Evans in his panick mif-recites the lines, which in the original 
run thus : 

•* There will we fit upon the rocks, 

" And fee the Ihef^erds feed their flocks, 

" By fhalbw rivers, to whofe falls 

" Melodious bink fing madrigals : 

'* There will / make thee beds of rofe» 

«• Whb a thoufand fragrant pofies," Scq. 
In the modem editions the verfes fung by Sir Hugh have beea 
correAed, I think, improperly. His mif-recitals were certsdnly 
intended,— He/Wf/ on the prefcnt occafion, to (hew that he is not 

Vol. III. D d 



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4<W MERRY WIVES 

Melodious birds Jing madrigals ; — 
tVhen as I fat in Pabylon^—^ 
And a thoufand vagram poejies. 
Tojballow 



afraid. So Bottom* in A Mid/mmmer Nighff Dream : '* I will walk 
up and down here^ and I will^v^, that they (hall hear, I am «0f 
afraid*^ Ma lone. 

A late editor hat obferved that Evans in his panick fings* lilce 
Bottom* to (hew he u not afraid. It is rather to keep up his i^rits ; 
as he fings in Simpk's abfence* when he has ^ a gre^t difpofidons 
.to cry." RiTsoM. 

The tnne to which the former was ftuig* Ihave lately difcoveied 
in a MS. as old as Shakfpeare's time, and it is as follows: 



^ 



i 



& 



# P- 



P 



Come live with me and 



be »y 



i 



r"(;T"irT^riTi 



t 



33 



love, and we will ill die plea-luKs prove 



^te 



^^^ 



that hills and vid - lies, dale and field, and 



i 



t 



fe 



:*= 



Q [ q' E 



all the crag - gy moun • tains yield 

Si a J. HAWKiNt* 

I Whiti at I fat in Pab)H[ony— ] This line is fran the oidverfioii 
•f the 137th Pfalm: 

*' When wjfi did Jit in Baiyha, 
•« The rivers round about^ 
** Then, in remembrance of Sion« 
♦* The tears for grief bnift out," 



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OF WINDSOR. 403 

SiMP. Yonder he is coming, this way, fir Hugh. 
Efa. He's welcome :— — 

Toftndlow rivers^ to whoje falls ^^-^-^ 

Heaven profper the right ! — ^What weapon? is he? 
SiH. No weapons, fir : There comes my mailer^ 
mafter Shallow, and another gentleman from Frog<» 
more, over the ftile, this way. 

E^A. Pray you, give me my gown ; or elfe keep 
't in your arms. 

Enter Page, Shallow, ani Slender. 

SuAL. How now, mafter parfon? Good-morrow, 
good fir Hugh. Keep a gamefter from the dice, 
and a good ftudent from his book, and it is won- 
derfiil. 

aJl^jst. Ah, fweet Anne Page ! 
Page. Save you, good fir Hugh ! 
Eva. 'Plefs you from his mercy fake, all of you ! 
Shal. What! the fword and the word! do you 
ftudy them both, mafter parfon ? 

PAGf.. And youthful ftill, in your doublet and 
hofe, this raw rheumatick day ? 

Eva. There is reafons and caufes for it. 

Page. We are come to you, to do a good office, 
mafter parfoa. 

: The word nv^rr, in the fecond Une, may be fiippoTed to have 
been- brought to Sir Hu^'s thoughts by uie line of Marlowe's 
madfigtfl tSat he has Juft repeated ; and in his fright he blends the 
facred and prophane fong tocother. The old quarto has — ** Tbore 
)lved a man m Babylon ;" which was the firft line of an old fong, 
mentioned in T<welfth Night .-.^^utthe .other Ibc is more in charge* 
ten Maloke. 

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404 MERRY WIVE5 

Efa. Fcrywell: What is it? 

Page. Yonder is a moil reverend gentleman^ who 
belike, having received wrong by fome perfon, ig 
at mod odds with his own gravity and patience, 
that ever you faw. 

SuAL. I have lived fourfcore years, and upward ; * 
I never heard a nian of his place, gravity, and iearn-^' 
ing,' fi> wide of his own refpedl. 

Eva. What is he ? 

Page. I think you know him ; mafter doftor 
Caius, the renowned French phyfician. 

4 Ihove thf^dfyaxtcottjfears^akdupnuard^l We moft certainly 
lead — ibree/eore. In Tbt Second Part ofK. Hemry IK during Fal- 
ftaff't interview with Mafter Shallow, in his way to York, which 
Shakfpeare has evidently chofen to fix in 14129 (though the Arch- 
bifhojp's infurredion anally happened in 1405,) Silence obfervca 
that It was then fifty-froe yean fmce the latter went to Clements Inn ; 
fothat, fuppofing him to have begun his ftudies at^/frxr, he would 
be bom in 1 541, and, confequently, be a very few years older than 
John of Gaunt, who, we may recoiled, broke his nead in the tilt- 
yard. But, befides this little difference in age, John of Gaunt at 
eighteen or nineteen would be above fix feet hira, and poor Shallow^ 
with all his apjparel, might have been tru/s'ainto an eeljkin. Dr. 
Johnfon was oStopinion that the prefent play ought to be read between 
the Firft and Second Part of Henry IF, an arrangement liable to objec« 
tions which that learned and eminent critick would have found it 
very difficult, if not altogether impoffible to furmount. But, let it 
be placed where it may, &t fcene is clearly laid between 1 402, when 
Shallow would htfixty one^ and 1 41 2, when he had the meeting with 
Fsdftaff*: Though one would not, tobefure, from what paflb opoa 
that occafion, imagine the parties had been together (o lately^ at 
Windfor ; much lefs that die Knight had ever Maten his worlhip't 
keepers, kill'd his deer, and broke open his lodge. The.alteratioa 
now propofed, however, is in all events necefiary ; and the rather 
fo, as FalftafiT muft be nearly of the fame age widi Shallow, and 
fmrfcofe {titm% a little too late in life for a man rfbh kidney to be 
making love to, and even fuppofing himfelf admired b^, two at a time» 
travel^^ in a buck-balket, thrown into a river, gome to the wars» 
and making priibnert. Indeed, he has luckily put uie matter out 
of all doubt, by telling us, in The Fhft Part of K. Henry IV. that 
his age was ** iom^ fifty ^ or, by'r lady« inclining to thm ifcore," 

RiTsoir* 



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OF WINDSOR. 405 

EfTj. Got*s will, and his paffion of my heart ! I 
had as lief you would tell me of a mefs of por- 
ridge. 

PjGM. Why? 

Efj. He has no more knowledge in Hibocrates 
apd Galen,~and he is a knave befidcs ; a cowardly 
knave, as you would defires to be acquainted withal. 

PjOB.^ I warrant you, he's the man (hould fight 
with him. 

Slbn. O, fweet Anne Page f 

Shjl. It appears fo, by his weapons :— -Keep them 
afunder; — ^here comes do&or Caius. 

Enter Host, Caius and Rugby. 

' Pjgs. Nay, good mafter parfon, keep in your 
weapon. 

SifjtL. So do you, good mafter do<3:or. 

Host. Difarm them, and let them queftion $ let 
them keep their limbs whole, and hack our £ng*. 
lilh. 

Cjius. 1 pray you, let-a me fpeak a word vit your 
tar : Vcrefore vill you not meet a-me ? 

Eyj. Pray you, ufe your patience : In good time. 

Cjius. By gar, you are de coward, de Jack dog, 
John ape. 

Ef^j. Pray you, let us not be laughing-ftogs to 
other men's humours ; I defire you in friendfhip, 
and I will one way or other make you amends : — I 
will knog your urinals about your knave's cogs* 
comb, for milling your meetings and appointments.^ 

. * fi r miffinpymr mteOngt and affoinfmeHft,] Thefe words, 

which are not in t^ foUo> were recovj^red from the quarto, by 
]||Ir. Pope. Malomi. 

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4o6 MERRY WIVES 

, CAWS.piable ! — ^Jack Rugby,— miijc Hxtfidejar^ 
terre^ have I not (lay for him, to kill him ? have I 
not, at de place I did appoint ? 

EyA. As I am a chriftians foul, now, look you, 
thi^ is the place appointed; ril be judgement by 
mine hoft of the Garter. 

Hosr. Peace, I fay, Guallia and Gaul^ French and 
Welch ;^ foul-curer and body-curer. 

Caws. Ay, dat is very good ! excellent! 

Host. Peace, I fay ; hear mine haft of the Gar- 
ter. Am I politick ? am I fubtle ? am I a Machi- 
aVel? Shall 1 lofe mydodlor? no j he gives me the 
potions, and the motions. Shall I lofe myparfon? 
my prieft ? my fir Huffh ? no ; he gives me the pro- 
verbs and the no-veros. — Give me" thy hand, ter- 
reftial ; fo : — Give me thy hand, celeftiai ; fo. ■■ 
Boys of art, I have deceived you both ; I have di- 
re(ied you to wrong places : your hearts are mighty, 
your Ikins are whole, and let burnt fack be the 
iffue. — Come, lay their fwords to pawn: — Follow 
me, lad of peace; follow, follow, follow. 

Shal. Truft me, a mad hoft: — Follow, gentle- 
men, follow. 

Slen. O, fSveet Anne Page ! , ' 

[Exeunt Shallow, Slender, Page, and Hoft. 
Caws. .Ha J do I percdvc dat? have youmakci^ 
de fot of us ? ^ ha, ha ! 

• Peace, I/ay, Guallia flW Gaul, Freficiznd JFekh\\ SirTho-. 
ibas Hanmer reads — Gallia and WaUia: but it is obje^ed that 
WalUa is not eafily corrupted into Gaul. Poflibly the word was 
written Guallia* Farmer. 

Thus» in K. Heuty VL P. II. Gmkitr for Walter. Stbevbm3«. 

The quarto, 1602, confirms Dr. Fanner's conjefbire* It reads- 
Peace I iay» Ga<wle and GofwUa, French and Wekh» te« Maloitb. 

1 ....^^^make^a de (bt ofusfl Sot, in French, fignifies a/tfol. 

Malons. 



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OF WINDSOIt 407 

Eva. This is well ; he ku made us his vlouting^ 
Hog. — I defire you, that we may be friends ; and let 
us knog our prains together, to be revenge on this 
iwie fcall, fcurv/y/ oog^g conpamon^ the hoft 
of the Gsirter. 

Caiv^. By gar, vit all my heart ; lie proroife to 
bring m^ vere is Anne P^ge ; faiy g»F^ he deceive me 
too. 

ErA. WrfU 1 will fmitc his nod<ttQS :— Pray you 
follow. {Exeunt^ 

S C E N E II- 

^e ftreet in Wind/or. 

Enter Mtftrefs Page and Robin- 

Mrs. Page. Nay, keep your way, little gallant ; 
you were wont to be a follower, but now you are a 
leader : Whether had you rather^ Ittd mine eycs^ or 
eye your mailer's heels? 

/Sol. I had rather, foxfooth, go before you likt 
a man, thajn follow him like a dwarf. 

Af jiA« Paqm. O, you are a flattering boy ; now, I 
£ee» yott*U he a courtieir. 



* fcall» fcmrvy^ Scall was an old word of reprqach, ufctA 

it^as afierwardi. 
Chwcer imprtcatei on ^^fttkum^r: 

** Undec tby looge kx^kca mayeft dioa luvt ^faJJe** 

JoHNtOW. 

SealU as Dr. J. interprets it, k a fcab breaking oat in the hair, 
and approaching nearly to the leprofy. It is ufed by other writers 
of Shakfpeare's time* You will ^^^ wlmt was to be done by per^ 
fons afflicted with it, by looking into Leviticus, i j ch.T« Jo, ji* 
andfeqq. Wuallby, 

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4o8 MERRY WIVES 

Enter FoKD. 

Ford. Well met, miftrefs Page : Whither go you ? 

Mrs. Page. Truly, fir, to fee your wife : Is fhe 
at home ? 

Ford. Ay ; and as idle as (he may hang together, 
for want of company « I think, if your hufbands 
were dead, you two would marry. 

Mrs. Page. Be fure of that, — two other huibands. 
' FoRD^ Where had you this pretty weather-cock ? 

Mrs. Page. I cannot tell what the dickens his 
name is my huiband had him of: What do you 
call your knight's name, firrah ? 

» Rob. Sir John FalftalF. 

Ford. Sir John Falftaff! 

Mrs. Page. He, he ; I can never hit on's name. — 
There is fuch a league between my good nnm and 
be ! — ^Is your wife at home, indeed? 

Ford. Indeed,^ flie is. 

Mrs. Page. By your leave, fir ; — ^I am fick, 1UI 
I fee* her. [Exeunt Mrs. Tagk and Robin. 

Ford. Has Page any brains ? hath he any eyes ? 
fiath he any thinking ? Sure they fieep ; he hath no 
ufe of them. Why, this boy ^ill carry a l^Qter 
twenty miles, as eafy as a cannon will (hoot points - 
blank twelve fcore. He pieces-out his wife's incli* 
nation ; he gives her folly motion, and advantage : 
and now (he's going to my wiii, and FaKlaiF's boy 
with her. A man may hear this (hower fing In the 
wind ! '^ — and FaJftafPs boy with her ! — Good plots ! 
— they are laid ; and our revolted wives (hare dam- 
nation together. Well ; I will take him, then tor- 
• 

9 A man may hear tbit fixnjjer fing in the wind !] This phrafe 
has already occurned in TheTemfeft^ Aft !!• fc, ii : '* I hear it Jing 
iti the 'Wind.** Ste E v b M 8. 



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OF WINDSOR. 409 

tare my wife, pluck the borrowed veil of modcfty 
from the fo feeming miftrefs Page/ divulge Page 
himfelf for a fecure and wilful A&aeon ; and to thefe 
violent proceedings all my neighbours fliall cry aim.' 
[ClockJlrikesJ] The clock gives me my cue, and my 
afiurance bids me fearch ; there I fhall find Fal« 
ftaff: I (hall be rather prai fed for this, than mocked; 
for it is as poiitive as the earth is firm,^ that Fal-* 
ftaff is there : I will go. 

Enter Vag^^ Shallow, Slender, Hoft,«y/r Hugh 
Evans, Caius ^iri Rugby. 

Shau Page, &c. Well met, matter Ford. 

Ford. Truft me, a good knot : I have good cheer 
at home ; and, I pray you, all go with me. 

Shal. I muft excufe myfelf, mafler Ford. 

S^LBN. And fo muft I, fir,- we have appointed to 
dine with miflrefs Anne, and I would not break 
with her for more money than I'll fpeak of. 

Sbal. We have lingered ' about a match between 

• fo feeoiing miftrefs Page,'] Seeming h Jpecious. So« in £ 

Lear: ... 

•* If ought within that ^xx[t feeming fubftancc." 
Again, in Mea/urefir Meafure, Aft I. fc. iv : 

** Hence fliall we fee, 

" If power change pn rpofc, what om/eemers bc."STBiVEN9. 
t — ^^Jball cry aim.] i. c, (hall encourage. So, in K. John^ 
Aail. fc.i: 

** It iU befeems this prefence, to cry aim 
«* To thcfc ill-tuned rcpctitioiw." 
The phrafe, as I have already obfcrved, is taken from archery. 
See note on the laft fccnc of the preceding aft, where Dr.Warburton 
would read — cry aim, inftead of — ** cry'd game." Ste evens. 
4 — as the earth is firm,] So, in Macbeth : 

*' Thoxx {\ixt firm-kt earth — ." MaLONB. 

y We have linger' J — ] They have not lingered very long. The 
match was propofed by Sir Hugh but the day before. Johnson. 



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4IO MERRY WIVES 

Anne Page and my coufin Sloiderj and this dajr 
we fhall have our anfwer« 

Slbn. I hope, I haveyour good.will» father Page^ 

PjiGE. You have, mailer Slender; I fbmd wholljr 

fcr you : — ^but my wife, mailer doiflor, is for you 

altogether. 

Caws. Ay, by gar ; and de maid is tove-a me ; 
my nurfh-a Quickly tell me fo mufti. 

Hosr. What fay you to young mailer Fenton ? 
he capers, he dances, he has eyes of youth, he 
writes verfes, he Ipeaks holiday,' he fmells April 
and May : * he will carry*t, he will carry*t 5 'tis in 
his buttons ; ^ he will carry't. 



Shallow zepteSea^ the lAir as having been loMgiM^hamt^ dint lur 
may bettor excufe bimfclf aad Slender from acccptiiig For^s invi* 
tation on the day when it was to be concladed. Stebvuns. 

5 .....^ he writfis 'ver/ei, bt fpeak» holidB)r»] k e. ii^ an higfa- 
^wn, foftian ftik. It wa» called a bolj^ ftik, ftonth^old 
cnftom of adiinff their fkices of the mjfUtki and imtflitku which 
were turgid and bombaft, on hol3r-days. So» in Much Ado about 
NatMng :— '' I cannot woo'skfi/lval term:* And again, ia The 
Merchant of Venice : 

** Thou fpend'ft fuch high-daj wit in praifii^hin." 

Warbdrtohu 

I fufpeft that Dr. Warborton's fnppofitkm that tins phaafe is 
derived from the (eafon of a^i^ the old myilerics» is but an hoi^^ 
day hypothefis ; and have preferved his note only for the fak^ of die 
railages he quotes* Fenton is not represented as a talker of bom« 
baft. 

He f peaks holiday ^ I believe, means only, his langu^igQ is mOJEC 
curiQiu and affe3edly chojen. thoA th4t mSo^ by oidiaaiy ipen. 

Malone* 

So, UkKinf Henry IV. P. I : 

** Widi VBOKfhoUjday and lady terms." Sie^vens* 

To Jpeak holiday moft mean to ipeak out of the common road, 
fuperior to the vulgar; alluding to the better dreis worn on fi«ch 
days. RiTSOK. 

* be /mills April and May:] This was the phrafeology of 

the time ; not ** he fmells of April," Ssc, So, in Meafnre for ' 

2 



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OF WINDSOR* 411 

Pagk. Not by my confent> I, promifc you. The 
gentleman is of no having : * he kept company with 
the wild prince and Poins ; be ia of too nigh a re- 
gion, he knows too much. No, he ihall not knit 
a knot in his fortunes with the finger of my fub-* 
ftance : if he take her, let him take her fimply ; the 
wealth I have waits on my confent, and my confent 
goes not that way. 



Mtajtm :— ^^ he would month with a beggar of fifty^ though (he 
Jmilthnvm bread and larlicL'* Malonb. 

7 'tis in bis buttons ;] Allodine to an ancient cuftom among 

the country fellows, of tr3nng whether they ihould fucceed with 
tbeir miftrcfles» by carrying the batcbilor's bnttons (a plant of the 
Lychnis kind, whofe flowers reiemble a coat button .in form) in 
their pockets* And they judged of their good or bad fuc<xfs by 
their growing, or their i^t growing there. Smith* 

Greene mentions thefe hatcbehf^s buttons in his ^mp fir an npftarf 
Cottrtier: — ** I faw the batchelor^s bnttons, whofe virtue is, to make 
wanton maidens weep, when they have wome them forty weeks 
tinder their aprons," ice. 

The fame expreffion occurs in Heywood's Fair Maid 9/ tie JFe/i, 
1651 : 

** He wears batcMer^s bnttons, does he not V* 
Again, an Tie Conftant Maid, by Shirley, 1640 : 

*' I am a baicielor. 

** I pray, let me be one of your hatons ftill then." 
Again, in A Fair ^narrel, by Middleton and Rowley, 1617 : 

•* I'll wear my batcielor^s bnttons ftill." 
Again, in A Woman never Fex'd, comedy, by Rowley, 1652 : * 

" Go,' go and reft on Venus' violets ; (hew her 

** A dorcn of bateielors*. bnttons, boy." 
Again, in WepwatdHoe, 1606: " Here's my hufband, and no 
iatchelors bnttons are at his doublet." Stbbvbns. 

• ofno having :] Having is the fame as eftate or fortune, 

JoHNSOK. 

So, in Macheti: 

** Of noble having, and of royal hope." 
Agsun, Tvoelfth Nigbt: 

** My iaving is not much ; 

" I'll make divifion of my prefent with you : 
«' Hold, there is half my cofter." Stbsvbnb* 



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4ia MERRY WIVES 

Ford. I bcfccch you, heartily, fome of you go 
home with me to dinner: belides your cheer, you 

fliall have fport ; I will (how you a monfter. 

Mafter dodor, you Ihall go;— fo (hall you, mafter 
Page ; — and you. Sir Hugh. 

. Shal. Well, fare you well : — ^we Ihall have the 
freer wooing at mailer Page's. 

[Exeunt SHAhiovr and Slender. 

Caws. Go home, John Rugby ; I come anon« 

[Exif RUOBY. 
Host. Farewell, my hearts : I will to my honeft 
knight FalftafF, and drink canary with him. 

[Exit Host. 
Ford. [Afide.'] I think, I Ihall drink in ^ipe-winc 
firft with him ; I'll make him dance.' Will you go^ 
gentles ? 

9 Hoft. FarfWfU, mv heartt : I nvill to mj hff^ft htighi talfiajf, 
tmi drink canary nnitb mm. 

Ford. [Afidc.] I think ^ I fiall drink in ^Vp^-wim fir/I nvkh him % 
rU make him dama^l To drink im pfpe-«Miir is a pfayrafe wlucli I 
cannot anderftand, May we aoc fappofe that Shakfpeare rather 
wrote, / think I ft>att drink horn-pipe n»in€ firft qvHh him: VU 
make him dance ? 

Canan is the name of a donee, as well as of a 'wsne. Ford hys 
hold of both fenfes; but, for an obvious reafon, makes the dance 
a hcrn-pipe. It has been already remarked, that Shakipeaxc baa 
frequent allufions to a cuckold's horns. Ttrwhitt. 

So, in PafjniPs Nigbt^ap, i6i%. p. Ii8 : 
'< It M great comfort to a essckoU's chance 
<« That many thoufands doe die Uomefife daaee.^* 

Stut^hi. 

Pipe is known to be a yeflel of wine, now containing two hogf« 
heads. Pi^^-wine is therefore wine, not from the bottle, but oie 
pipe ; and the jeft confifts in the amibiguit]^ of the word* which 
fignifies both a caik of wine, and a moncal inftrument. Johmsok. 

The jeft here lies in a mere play of words. ** I'll give him pipe* 
wine, which ihall make him dance." Edvdfnrgh Magavne^ Nor« 
1^86. Stirveks. 



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OF WINDSOR. 413 

Alt. l&ve with you^ to fee this moniter. 

[^Exeunt. 

SCENE III. 
A Room in Ford's Hou/e. 

Enter Mrs. Ford and Mrs. Pagk« 

Mrs. Ford. What, John ! what, Robert ! 
Mrs. Page. Quickly, quickly: Is the buck* 

balket — 
Mrs. Ford. I warrant :— »What, Robin, I fay. 

Enter Servants with a Bajket. 

Mrs. Page. Come, come, come. 
• Mrs. Ford. Here, fet it down. • 

Mrs. Page. Give your mco thecharge ; we muft 
be brief. 

Mrs. Ford. Marry, as I told you before, John, 
and Robert, be ready here hard by in the brew- 
houfe ; and when I fuddenly call you, come forth. 

The phrafe, — ** to drink in pipe-wine" — always fcemed to me 
a very ilrange one, till I met with the following paCTage in King 
James's firft fpeech to his parliament^ in 1604 ; b^ which it a{>peafs 
that •• to drink w'* was the phrafeoloey of the time : ** who 



cither, being old» have retained their nrft dranken-M lianor/' &c. 

mALOKt. 

I have feen the phrafe often in books of Shakipeare's time, but 
neele^ed to marie the pafGiges. Hie following, howeverj^ though 
offomewhat later authority, will confirm Mr. Malone*8 obfervation. 
^'. A player ading upon a ftage a man killed ; but beine troubled 
with an extream cola, as he was lying upon the ftage fell a cough- 
ing; the people laughing, he ruined up, ran off the ftaee, faying, 
thus It u for a man to iirini i>r porridg, for then he will be furc to 
cough in his grave," Jocahelta, or a Cabinet of Conceits, by Ro- 
bert Chamberlaine, 1640, N^ 84. Rbsd. 



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414 MERRY WIVES 

and (without any paufe, or ftaggcringj take this 
bafket on your flioulders : that aone^ trudge with 
it in all hafte, ^nd carry it among the whitfters * 
in Datchet rnead^ and there empty it in the muddy 
ditch, clofe by the Thames* fide, 

Mrs. Pagb. You will do it ? 

Mrs. Ford. I have told them over and over; 
they lack no diredion : Be gone, and come when 
you are called. [Exeunt Servants. 

Mrs. Page. Here comes little Robin. 

Enter Robijt. 

Mrs. Ford. Hownow,myeyas-mulkct?' what 
news with you? 

* — ,^tbe tuhUjUft — ^] L e. tbe blanchers of linen. Douce. 

3 Honv now, my cyas-muiket ?] Ejas U a young unfledg'd hawk ; 
I fuppofe from die Italian Niafi, whkh originally fignified any 
yoongbird taken from the neft nnfled^'d^ afterwards a yonn^ hawk. 
The Trench, from hence, took their niais, and ufed it in both 
thoie lignifications; to which they added a third, metaphorically, 
afillj fellvw\ VH garftrnfort niaisg iotnlais. Mujket &^M&t& ^.ffar^ 
tvw iawi, or the fnialleift fpocies of hawks. "Iliis too is from the 
Italian Mu/chetto, a fmali hawk, as appears ftom the original fig- 
nification of the word, namely, a tnmiUfime ftintingfy. So that 
the humour of calling the little page an eyas'im^t is \trf intelU* 
gible. Warbu&ton. 

So, in Greene's Card §f Fastcyt 1608 : *' —no ha\ric fo ha^ani 
but will Hoop to the laie : no nieffe fo ramogci but will be radaimed 
.to the lunes. ' Ejat-mufl^et is the fame as irfant LillifiUian. Again^ 
jb Spenfer's Faety ^en^ B. I. c. xi. ft. 34 ; 
«« — — -youwAilgay, 

^* Like eyas'haukt, op monnts unto the lkies> 
** His newly budded pinions to effay." 
la The Booh of Havfyng^ Sec. commonly called Tie Bool of St. 
Albans, bl. L no date, is the following derivation of the word ; 
but whether true or erroneous, is not for me to determine : " An 
hank is called an eyeffe from her eyen. For an hauke that is brought 
up under a buffaTde or puttock, as many ben« .have watry eyen" Sec 

Stebtbi^s. 



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OF WINDSOR* 415 

Rob. My maffta* fir Johnis come in at your back« 
door, miftrcfs Ford ; and requefts your company. 

Mrs. Page. You little Jack-^-lent/ have you 
.been true to us? 

Rob. Ay, Til be fworn : My mafter knows not 
of your being here ; and hath threatened to put me 
into everlafting liberty, if I tell you of it; for, he 
fwears, he'll turn me away, 

Mrs. Page. Thou'rt a good boy; this fecrecy 
of thine fhall be a tailor to .thee, and ihall make 
thee a new doublet and hofe. — I'll go hide me. 

Mrs. Ford. Do fo : — ^Go tell thy mafter, I am 
alone. Miftrefs Page, remember you your cue. 

[£*•// Robin. 

Mrs. Page. I warrant thee ; if I do not adl it, 
hifs me. ^Exit Mrs. Page. 

Mrs. Ford. Go to then ; we'll ufe this unwhol- 
fome humidity, this grofs watry pumpion ; — We'll 
teach him to know turtles from jays.* 

Ent^ Falstapf. 

Fal. Have I caught thee, my heavenly jewel ?^ 
Why, now let me die, for I have lived long enough 5 ^ 

^ yack'^'Unt,'\ A Jack o* lent was a puppet thrown at ia 

Lent, like (hrove-cocks. So, mTbeWeakefigoestotbeWallt i6oo: 

" A mere anatomy, a Jack cf Lent" 
Again, in The Four Prentices ofLmdon, i6i 5 : 

•* Now you old Jack of Lent ^ fix weeks and upwards/' 

Agam, in Greene's Tu ^noane: ** for if a boy, that 11 

throwing at his yaci 0* Lent, cnance to hit me on the fhins," &c. 
See a note on the laft feene of this comedy. Steevb ns. 

^ — yjipiBfjays.] So, \xi Cymbelme : 
«• — {ototjay of Italy, 
** Whofe mother was her painting," &ۥ Stebvbks. 

^ ^ HiFve I caught my heOFvenly jrwelf^ This is the firil line of 
the fecond fong in Sidney's AJirophel and Stella. To l l e t. 

7 I. ■■■■., Why, now let me die, for I ha^oe lived long enough ;] This 



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4t6 MERRY WIVES 

this is the period of my ambition : O this blefled 
hour 1 

Mrs. Ford. O fweet fir John! 

Fal. Miftrefs Ford, I cannot cog, I cannot prate, 
milfa-efs Ford. Now fhall I fin in my wifti : I would 
thy hufl>and were dead ; I'll fpeak it before the befl: 
lord, I would make thee my lady. 

Mrs. Ford. I your lady, fir John ! alas, I Ihould 
be a pitiful lady. 

Fal. Let the court of France *fhow me fuch ano- 
ther ; I fee how thine eye would emulate the dia- 
mond ; Thou haft the right arched bent * of the 
brow, that becomes the Ihip-tire, the tire-valiant, 
or any tire of Venetian admittance.' 



fentiment, which is of facred origin, is here indecendy introdaced. 
It appears aeain, with fomewhatlefsrof profanenefs* in The Winters 
Tate, Aft IV. and in Othello, Aft II. Stbbybns. 

I «_arri^^ bent -*-]^Thiis the quartos i6o2» and i6i9« The 
folio reads— Arched ieautj. ' Stbbvens. 

The reading of the quarto is fupported by a paflage in Antoiy and 
Cleefatra: 

'* Eternity was in oar lips and eyes» 
** Blifs in oar brvws-bent." Malone. 

t that becomei thefifip-tire, the tire-yiXvxCLX,,9r any tire ^Ve- 

netiail admittance. 1 Inftead iX—yenetian admhtance, the old quarto 
read*—" or any Venetian satire." Stbbvens. 

The old quarto ttaAA^-^ire-n^ellett and the old foUo reads — 
pr emj fire of Venetian admittance. So that the true reading of the 
whole is thu» that becomes the Jbip-tire, the tire-y khl kYkX , or any 
tire of Venetian admittance. The fpeaker tells his miftrefiu flie haid 
a face that woald become all the head drefles in faihion. The>^/>- 
tire was an open head drefs, with a kind of fcarf depending; from 
behind. Its name oijhip-tire was, I prefume/ from its givm? the 
wearer fi>nie refemblance of a Jhip (as Shakfpeare fays) in all her 
trim : with all her pennants out, and flags and ftreamen flying. 

This was an imaee familiar with the poets of that time. Thoa 
Beaumont and Fletcher, in their play oiWit 'without Money :■■ 
*< She ^reads fattens as the kbg's (hips do canvas every where ; ffie 



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r^ctm. The l^£iMJBnrWtv3E8 bipMNDsoii. scer. 






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OF WINDSOR. 417 

' Mz9. Fono. A plain kerchief, fir John : my brows 
become noclujig elfe ; nor that well neither. 

may l^paoe hir siifett" te. This will dircA os to refoim die fid- 
lowing word of tirr-'vaisant^ which I fufped to be corrupt^ *valiani 
being a very incongruous epithet for a woman's head-drefs : I fu]> 
pofe Shakfpeare wrote Hn-njoilant. As tht Jbip-tire was an open head- 
orefSf fo the tire-'vailant was a clofe one, in which the head and 
brcaft weie covered as widi a vri/. And thefe were, in fa^« the 
two diffi^rent head-dreffes then in falhion, as we may fee by the 
pi^ures of that time* One of which was fo open» that the whok 
oeck« breads, and ihoulders^ were opened U) view ; the other^ f0 
^carely inclofed in kerch^e&, &c. that nothing could be feen above 
tfie c^cs, or below the chin. Warbu&tom. 

Ia the fifth aA, Fenton mentions that his miftrefs is to meet him^ 
** With ribbons /^Wa»/ flaring 'bout her head." 

TUs* pcobably« was what is heie cfUied thitjirif'tsrt* Maloki. 

thi tire valiuitj I would read— tire nxtlant. Stubbes, who 

defcribes moft minutely every article of female drefs, has mentioned 
BOae of thele terms^ but fpMcs of vails depending from the top of 
die heady and flying h^ind in loofe folds. The word ^vdemt was 
in ufe bdfore die age of %akfjpeare. I find it in Wilfridt Holm's 
FdltmitvilBucc^erfRtheliimt '557* 

«« ■ ■ high Wtfir/ in any tning divine/* 

Tire «v/Xr/, whiim is the reading of the old quarto, ma^ be printed^ 
as Mr. Tdlet obferves, by miftake, for nr^-txl*veu We know that 
^wt^hcois were worn in the age of Shakfpeare. Srsi^y ens. 

Among the ptefents fent by the Qgecn of Spain to the Queen of 
£nriand, in April i6o6« was a <vel'yet cap with gold buttons. 
Camarine's cap, iti The Taming of the Shre*Wp is likewife of velvet. 

Tirt-'volaat, however, I fclieve with Mr. Steevens, was the 
poet's word. ** Their heads (fays Nafhe Iq i^Q4) ^^th their top 
and top^gaUant Uwne hAj caps, ini fttow-refemDled fiiver curlings, 
ibesr make a plain pii^pet^ftage of. Ilwir breafts they embuike up 
on hie^ and their round xofeate buds thejr immodeftiy lay forth, to 
ihew, at their hands there is fruit to ht hoped." Chr0'f Tears 
overJerufaUm, 410. if^f. Malonb. 

^^^..^ ^VenetiamedflsktaaGe.] i. e. of a fafliion tecrifcd or ad- 
Vlilted from Venioe. So, in W^t^ard Hoe^ 1606, by Decker and 
Wdkler : — *^ now (he's in that Italian bead-tin you fent her." Dr- 
Fiinmr propefes to read^'^ of Venetian remittance** St s £ v s ks. 

Ift how much requeft the Venetian tyre formerly was held, ap- 
Mtfs from Barton's Anatvmy of Melancholy ^ 162^: *' — let her 
lave the Spamih gate, \jait\ tfw Venetian tire» Italian complements 
and endowaients." Malokb. 

Vot. III. E c 



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4i8 MERRY WIVES 

Fal. Thou art a traitor * to £iy fo : thou would'ft 
make an abfolute courtier ; and the firm fixture of 
thy foot would give an excellent motion to thy 
gait, in a (emi-circled farthingale. I fee what thou 
wert, if fortune thy foe ' were not ; nature is thy 
friend ; ♦ Come, thou canft not hide it. 

May not the tire njaliant be fo called from the air of boldnefs and 
confidence which it might give the wearer ? A certain coart divine 
(who can hardly be calfed a courtly one) in a fermon preached before 
King James the Firft^ thus fpeaks of the ladies' head drefles : ** Oh 
what a wonder it is to fee a (hip under faile with her tacklines and 
her mafts, and her tops and top ^llants, with her upper decks and 
her nether decks, and fo bedeckt with her ftreames, flags and cnfinis» 
and I know not what ; yea but a world of wonders it b to lee a 
woman created in God's image» fo nufcreate oft times and deform* 
ed with her French her Spanifh and her fooliih fafhions, that he 
that made her, when he looks upon her, (hall hardly know herr 
with her plumes, her fans, and a filken vizard, with a rufie, like 
a faile ; yea^ a ruffe like a rainbow, «witb a feather in ker cap^ tike 
a flag in her top, to tell (I tbinke) ivhici fway the tuindwill blow.'* 
The Merchant Royall, a fermon preached at Whitehall be* 
fore the Kixig's Majeftie, at the nuptialls of Lord Hay and his 
Lady, Twelfth-day, 1607, 4to, 1615. Again, it — *^ is proveibiallf 
faid, that far fetcht and deare bought is fitteft for ladies ; as now-^ 
a-daies what groweth at home is bale and homely ; and what ever)P 
one eates is meate for dogs ; and wee muft have bread from one 
countrie, and drioke from another ; and wee muft have meate fronoi 
Spaine, and fauce out of Italy ; and if wee weare any thine, it muft 
be pure Venetian ^ Roman, or barbarian ; but the fiifhion of all muft 
be French/* Ibid. Reed. 

• .^-^a traitor—] i, e. to thy own merit* Stbbvbns. 

The folio reads---thou art a tyrant. Sec. but the reading of the 
quarto appears to me fiir better* Ma lone. 

* fortune thyfbe*^ " was the beginning of an old ballad, 

in which were oiumerated all the misfortunes that fall upon mankind^ 
through the caprice of fortune." See note on The CttJUm of the 
Country, Aft !• fc. i. bjr Mr. Theobald ; who obferves, that this 
ballad is mentioned again in a comedy by John Tatham, printed in 
J 660, called The Rump, or Mirror of the Times ^ wherein a French- 
man is introduced at the bonfire made for die bunung of the rumps, 
and, catching hold of Prifcilla, will oblige her to dance, and 
orders the mufick to play Fortune my Foe. See alfo. Lingua, Vol. V. 
Dodflcy's colleftion, p. 188; and Tom Effence, 1677, p. 37. Mr* 



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OF WINDSOR. 419 

Mrs. Pokd. Believe me^ there's no fuch thing 
in me. 

Fal. What made me love thee ? let that perfuade 
thee^there's fomething extraordinary in thee. Come, 
I cannot cog, and fay» thou art this and that, like a 
many of thefe lifping haw-thorn buds, that come 
like women in men's apparel, and fmell like Buck-* 
lers-bury * in fimple-time ; I cannot : but I love 
thee ; * none but thee ; and thou deferveft it. 

Mrs. Ford. Do not betray me, fir; I fear, you 
love miftrefs Page. 

Fal. Thou might'ft as well fay, I love to walk 
by the Counter-gate ; which is as hateful to me as 
the reek of a lime-kiln.' 

Ritfon obfervcs, that *' die tone is the identical air now known 
by the fong of Death and the Lady, to which the metrical lamen- 
tations of extraordinary criminals have been afually chanted for 
■pwards of thefe two hundred years." Kbbd, 
The firfl ftanza of this popular ballad was as follows : 

•* Fortune, my foe, why doft thou frown on me ? 

** And will my fortune never better be ? 

" Wilt thou, 1 fay, for ever breed my pain, 

" And wilt thou not reftore my joys again ?'* Malonb* 

4 ■ nature is thy friend 2^^ Is, which is not in the old copy; 
was introduced by Mr. Pope. Malonb. 

5 /li^ BucklerVbury, &c.] Buckler^ s-^bHty, in the time of 

Shakfpeare, was chieflv inhabited by druggiftsj who fold all kinds 
of herbs^ green as well as dry. Stbevens. 

• — ^— / cannot cog, and fay, thou art this and- that, like a many of 
thefe Isffing hanvthom-buds, — / cannot : but I love thee ;] So, in Wily 
BeguiVd, 1606: 

** I cannot pby the diffembkrj 

** And woo my love with courtin^^ ambages, 

'' Like one whofe love hanj^ on his fmboth tongue's end ; ^ 

** But in a word I tell the mm of my defires^ 

** I love fidie Lelia." Malonb. . 

'i ■'^—^ash^uitomeas thenckofalime'h'ln.] Ourpoethasa 
fimilar image in Coriolanus : 

«* whofe breath I hate, 

*♦ As reek o' the rotten lens.'* Steevsns* 

E e 2 



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4:20 MERRY WIVES 

Mr5. Foiti>. Well» hea'v^n knows^ howl lo^e yon % 

and you fhall one day find it. 

Fal. .Keep in that 4mnd ; rn4cfeive it. 

Mrs. Fdrd. Nay, I mnft tell you, fo you do ; or 
dfc i could not be in that mind. 

Rob. Twithin.} Miftrefs Ford, miftrefs Ford! 
here's miurefs Pj^ge at the door, fweating^and blow* 
ing, and lookinig wildly, and would needs fpeak 
with you prefently. 

FjiL. She (hall not fee me; I wiU jenfconceme 
behind the arras.' 

Mrs. Ford. Pray you, do fo ; Ihe's a very tatt- 
ling woman. — [Falstajff bides bim/eff^ 

Enter Miftrefs Page Mid Robik« 

What*s the matter ? how now ? 

Mrs. PjiGE.O miftrefs Ford, what have you d<Mie ? 
You're ihamed, you are overrhfowB, you an undone 
for ever. 

Mrs. Forj). What's the matter, good miftrefs 
Page? 

Mrs. Page. O well-^^day, miftrcfi Fwdl tucv* 
ing an honeft man to your hufband, to give tiim 
fuch caufe of fufpicion ! 

* Mas. Foru. What cauie of fuijpician? 

Mrs. Page. What caufe of fufpicion? — Out upon 
you ! how am I miftook in you? 

Mrs. Ford. Why, alas ! w'hat^s flic maxtcr? 

* — MfnJ the arras.'^ The fpaces IcftHxtwecn^dic walls and 
jthe wooden Irames on which arm wasiimig, waevot.inorecom. 
modions to our ancefton than to the aathonof tfaekoaicMdt dnOMu 
tic pieces. Borachio in Mucb^ado *idmt IfeAmg, -Mid -Pdonios in 
Hamitt, alfo avafl thopfehpct of ^diit omumitt tt oSoefc. SniyiNt. 



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OF WIlSri>SOR, H|2r£. 

Mrs. Page. Your luijft>sind'&^ coming hither, wo- 
man, with all the officers in Windlor, to fearch for 
ai geatkanaD, tkat,. hefa^ id herea^win^the houfe, 
b^ year confcnt^ ta take an» ill advantage of his* ab*» 
fence : You are undone. 

Aficn Fon^ Speak. loudcr^*--{4fi(ie.}r-'Ti^ not 
fo, I hope. 

Af0& i'^fiii. I^ heainen it be not fo^ that xou 
have fuchst man here ;: hot. 'tis moft certain: yous 
koibaad^caimiqpwiidt half Windfoir at his heels, 
to fearch for fuch a one. I come before to tell you: 
If yeu know youjr&lf clear, why I am glad of it : 
fame if ysG% have, a friend hfire, coavey, convejf 
him out. Be not amazed ; call atl your fenfea to 
}f<urr defend your jEeputation^ of bid &rewell to 
youx: good life for ever. 

ikfiuu Fo^dk, What ihall I da? — Thcoe. is a gen*, 
tlemaa^nqr dear friend; and I. feaF notraiae own 
Ihame, fo much as ha^^perii : I had raxhec thaa a 
thoufand pound, he were out of the houfe. 

Mm9^ Pjam^ ¥ot fluMiie,. never ftand- ym bad m* 
tber, and ytm badf rather r your hu(band^st here at 
hand» bethink you of fbme conveyance : inthehouft 
you* canaoc bide himi. — Q^ how have you deceived 
HW !i — Look, brre iv a bafket { if he be of any rea- 
fonable ftature, he may creep in hcrcr and throw 
ifaul Cnen uponr him, as if it were going ta bitck- 
ing: Or^.itiawhitingrtimc,7 fend him by your two 
neiK ta Datchct aiead 

Af 115. FoRU. Hc*s too big to gq in there : What 
ihaU I da? 



^ Speak luukrJ\ L e. tfiat FalftafT who. is retilred. may hear. 
TbU paflage is only found in the two elder quartos. SrssrsKs. 

^ naidfOA UcacE thm fiuamcf foMcks." Hol t Whj.tb. 

£e3 



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4^2 MERRY WIVES 

Re-enter Falstaff. 

Fal. Let me fee't, let me fce*t ! O let me fcc*t! 
1*11 in, I'll in; — follow your friend's counfel; — 
lil in. 

Mks. Page. Whatl fir John FalftafFl Arethcfc 
your letters knight ? 

Fal. I love thee, and none] but thcc;* help me 
away : let me creep in here; PU never — 
* \He goes into the bajketi they cover bim witbfml 
. linen Ji 
Mrs. Page. Help to cover your mafter, boy: 
Call your men, miftrefs Ford : — You diflembling 
knight! 

Mrs. Ford. What, John, Robert, John ! [Eicii 
Robin. /?^-^»/^r Servants.] Go take up thefe clothes 
here, quickly; Where's thecowl-ftaff?' look, how 
you drumble:* carry them to the laundrefs in 
jC^tchet mead ; ' quickly, come, 

* ^-^^aad none hmi thee \\ Thcfe words which aie chanAeriftick, 
and fpoken to Mrs. Page ande, deierve to be reftored from the old 
quarto. He had ufed the fame words before to Mrs. Ford. 

Malohe. 

9 the cvwUfiafffK Is a ftaff ofed for carrying a large tub 

or bafket with two hamUes, In Efo the word mu/ is yet nfisd 
jbratnb. Malonb* 

a henvjoH drumble :] The reverend Mr. Lambe« the editor 

of the ancient metrical hiftory of x!t\^ Battle ofFloddom, obferves, 
that*-/o0i bow you drumbU, means bo w confufedyom are ; and diat 
in the North, dnmhkd^ b muddy ^ difimrbedale. Thns, arSooCtifli 
j>royeib in Ray's orfleAion : 

" It is good fifhing in dntmblino waters;** 

Again, in I&ve *witbyom to Saffron W^alden, or Gabriei Harvey' 4 
Hunt is uft this word occurs : ** — gray-beaid dmmhling over a 
difcourfe." Again : '* — yonr fly in a Doxe is but a dmmbleAxit 
in comparifon of it." Again : ** — this drumhling courfc." 

Stbbvens. 

' To dmmHe, in Devonfhire, fienifies to mutter in a fuUen and 

inarticulate voice. No other fenie of the word will either explaiii 



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OF WINDSOR. 42 J 

inter Ford, Page, Caius, and Sir Hugh Evans. 

Ford. Pray you, come near : if I fulpcd with- 
out caufe, why then make fport at me, then let mc 
beyourjeft; I deferve it.— How now ? whither bear 
you this? 

Serf. To the laundrefs, forfooth. 

Mrs. Ford. Why, what have you to do whither 
they bear it ? You were beft meddle with buck- 
wafhing. 

Ford. Buck ? I would I could wafh myfelf of 
the buck! Buck, buck, buck? Ay, buck; I war* 
rant you, buck ; and of the feafon too, it fliall ap« 
pear.* [^Exeunt Servants with the ba/ket.'\ Gentlemen, 



this interrogation, or the paflages adduced in Mr. Steerens't note. 
To drumhlt and drone are often ufed in connexion. Ha n l a y. 

A drumble drone» in the wcftem dialed^ fignifies a drone or 
humble-bee. Mrs. Page may therefore mean— How lazy and ftapid 
70a are ! be m6rc alert. Malonb. 

^ — ^ctfnrjr them to the laundrefs in Datchet mead ;] Mr. Dennis 
'obje6b» with fome degree of realon, to the probability of the cir- 
cumftance of FalftaflTsoeing carried to Datchet mead, and thrown 
into the Thames. ** It is not likely (he obferves) that Falftaff 
would fu£fer himfelf to be carried in the baiket as far as Datchet 
mead« which is half a mile from Windfor, and it is plain that they 
'could not carry him» if he made any lefiftance." Maloni. 

4 itjiatt affear.l Ford feems to allude to the cuckold's 

horns. So afterwards : « —and fo bufiets himfelf on the fordMaul, 
crying, peer out, peer out." Of the feafon is a phrafe of the foreft. 

MALona. 

Mr. Makme noints the paflage thus. — ** Ay, buck ; I warrant 
you, buck, and of the feafon too; it (hall appear.'* I am fatisfied 
with the old punduatioo. In The Rape of Lucrece, our poet makes 
his heroine compare herfdf to an '* unfeafonahle doe ;" and, in filunt's 
Cnfioms of Manors^ p. 1 68, is the fame phrafe employed by Ford.— 
'" A bukJce delivered him offejjfonet by the woodmafler and keepers 
of Needwoode." Steevbns. 

So, in a letter written by Queene Catharine, in 1 526, Howaid's 
CoUofUon, Vol. I. p. ^12 : " We will and cominanl you, thai 

£ e 4 



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4H MERRY WIVES 

I have dream*d tp-Jiight ; I'U tell you my dreanv 
Here, here, here be my keys : afcend my chambers, 
ffAfch^ fcekj find oyt i |*li w%rnmt, we^U unkennel 
thf fipK ?-r-rjLet rae ftop 5hU wj^ ftrft : — So, now unn 

PjGB. Good mailer Ford, be contented: yon 
wrong yourfelf too miiqh. 

Foftp. 'Xv^$ mafter Psg4.---Uj^ gowlemwi j you 
ih^ife? fp^rtdftoftt follow mc, gentlemen. [£yr>. 

£^^. This is fery fantaftical humours, imd jtt- 

C^ius. By ^r, tls no de &(hioti €>f France ^ it 
is not jealous m Ffancew 

P^M. Nay, foJIow him, gentlemen ; fee the iffirc 
of his fearch. [£^^««/ Evans, Page, and Caius. 



yc dclyvcr or caufc to be delyvcrcd unto our truftj and well-beloYcd 
John vrcuffe — one buck o//eaJoft." " The fcafon of the hynd or 
doe ffays Manwood) doth begin at Holyrood-dajj^ and lafteth till 
Candelmas." Fsre/i Lmvt, i(9^- Mal6ns. 

9 : — ^ S^, MonvxmcBpc,y So the folio of 1623 reads, andrightljr. 
tt'is a term in fbx-hunting. which flgnifies to dig out tne fox 
when earth'd. And here is as much as to &y, tafe out the foul 
linen under which the adulterer lies hid. The Ox&rd editor 
itads — mtcM^le, out of pure love to an emendation. 

Waibuktow. 

Dr. Warburton feems to have forgot that the lintn was alrcacfy 
eankcl aw«f . The altufion in the foregoing fentence is to thje 
ftojpfOAr €v«ry hole at which a fox could enter, be^re they tmrape 
•9 toriTmiB Otttf of the bag in which he was brought. I fiippcnb 
envy mm has heard of a Sag-fox. Stbbvbns. 

Warburton, in his note on this paifage, not ooly forgets (hat the 
fbul Knen had been carried awajr, but he alfo forgets that Ford did 
Bot at that time know that P^ftafF had been hid under it; and 
Stecvens forgets that they had not Falftaff in their poffeffion, as 
hunten have a ba^-fox, but were to find out where he was hid. 
They were not to cnafe him, but to roufe him. I therefore believe 
that Hanmer's amendment is right, and that we ought to read~ 
tmewfh. — Fold, like a eood feortfman, firft ftops the earths, and 
^Mn QttcpupleB liie houBas, M. Ma»on« 

3 



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OP WINDSOR. 4*^ 

Mhs'^P^^b. Is thexe not a double excellency in 
this ? 

Mrs. Ford.. I know not which pleafes me bct^ 
ter, that my huiband h deceived, or Ifir Jolm. 

Mrs. Page. ^Vhat a taking was he in^ when your 
hufband alk'd who waar in tte bafket I* 

Mrs. Ford. I am half afraid he wilF hare need 
of wafhing; fo throwing him into thr water will 
do him a benefit. 

Mrs. Paqb. Hang himi, diftuMiefl rafcal > I wonld^ 
all of the fame ftrain were in the fame diflrvfiu 

Mrs. Ford. I think, my hufband hatk fomc fpe- 
dal fufpieion of Falftaff's being herci fer I never 
faw him fo grofs in his jealoufy till noiw. 

Mrs. Page. I will lajf a plot tor try that : And 
WQ will yet have more tricks with Falftaff: his dif- 
fohn^ difeaic will fcarce obey this medicine.. 

Mrs. -Fcwcd. Shall wc fend that fooliffe carmnj 
miftrefs Quickly, to hi«, and excufe his throwing 
into the water; and give him another hope,, to be-i 
tray him to another puniihment ? 

M«. Page* We'll do it; let him be fenjt jEbr 
to-morrow eight o'clock, to have amends;. 

Mr. M. Mafon alfo ieems do forget tkat Ford at leaft tbouclit he 
bai Falftaff fecurc in his hpafe, a& m a bag, and thctcforc fbeaks of 
llZttmlttm«applk»iMeteabag^fo». Stmvensi 

• who was in the ha/keif] We ihould f€ad-wtu&i# wwm 

the baiktt: for tbou^ in bA Ford has aiked no fiich ooeftion^ he 
could never fufped there was either man or tvoman m it; The 
piopffi«ty of this emeiidatioB ia monifeir fronr a fubfeqaent paflaee. 
\Hine, Falftoff tells Mafter Brook~<« the ^Mlp^t knave aiked thea 
once or twice 'what they had in their bafket." Ritson. 

'i -^thathfAi&Lcarnpn,] The old coay has-^/Ja/jj^itf^ carrion. 
The oonFaaion waanad« t^ the editov of the fecond folio. 



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4i6 MERRY WIVES 

Re-enter FoKD, Page, Caius, and ShrHvovi 
Evans. 

Ford. I cannot find him : may be the knave 
bragg'd of that he could not compafs. 

Mrs. Page. Heard you that ? 

Mr^ Ford. Ay, ay, peace : ' — ^You ulc me well^ 
mailer Ford, do you ? 

Ford. Ay, I do fo. 

. Mrs. Ford. Heaven make you better than your 
thoughts ! 

, Ford. Amen. 

Mrs. Page. You do yourfelf mighty wrong, 
mailer Ford- 

FoRD. Ay, ay • I muft bear it. 

Efa. If there be any pody in the houfe, and in 
the chambers, and in the coffers, and in the preflcs, 
heaven forgive my fins at the day of judgement ! 

Cjivs. By gar, lior I too ; dere is no bodies. 

Page. Fie, fie, mailer Ford ! are you not aflianied ? 
What fpirit, what devil fuggefts this imagination ? 
1 would not have your difcmper in this kind, for 
the wealth of Windfor Cafl:Ie. 

Ford. 'Tis my fault, mailer Page : I fuffer for it» 

Eva. You fuffer for a pad confcience : your wife 
is as honell a 'oii^ans, as I will defires amoQg five 
thoufand, and five hundred too* 

Caws. By gar, I fee *tis an honell woman. 

Ford. Well ; — I promifed you a dinner : — Come^ 
come, walk in the park : I pray you, pardon me ; 

• 1 Jj, ay, peace .•] Thcfc words were recovered from the early 
quarto by Mr. Theobald. Bat in his and the other modem editiom^ 
4, the old foelling of the affirmative particle, has inadvertently been 
fetained. Malonk. 



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OF WINDSOR. 427 

I will hereafter make known to y<m, why I have 
done this.^ — Come, wife ;— come, miftrefs Page ; I 
pray you pardon me ; pray heartily, pardon me; 

Page. Let'd go in, gentlemen; but, tnift me, 
we'll mock hkn. I do invite you to-morrow morn- 
ing to my houie to breakfaft ; after, we'll a birding 
together { I have a fine hawk for the bufli : Shall it 
befo? 

Ford. Any thing. 

Er^i. If there is one, I (hall make two in the 
company. 

Caws. If there be one or two^ I ihall make-a de 
turd. 

Efa. In your teeth : • for fhame. 
Ford. Pray you go, mailer Page. 

ErA. I pray you now, remembrance to-morrow 
on the loufy knave, mine hoft. 

Caws. Dat is good ; by gar, vit all my heart. 

• Efa. a loufy knave ; to have his gibes, and his 
mockeries. [Exeunt^ 

SCENE IV. 

A Room in Page's Houfi:^ 

Enter Fbnton, and Mijlrefs Anne Page. 

FEUfT. I fee, I cannot get thy father's love ; 
Therefore, no more turn me to him, fweet Nan. 

A^VR. Alas ! how then ? 

-pEATr. Why, thou muft be thyfelf. / 

He doth objedl, I am too great of birth ; / 

And that, my ftate being gall'd with my expence, ' 

• In your teeth .•] This dirty reftoration was made by Mr. Theo- < 
bald, Evans's application of the doctor's words is not in the folio. 

Stssvems. 



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42% MTERRY WIVHS 

I fflcfe ta heal .k finlf b^ Ids wcaUi r 
; Bdkin tkdc^ «diar hg» he hfs, befipjeiac^ ■ > 
I Mjr nols poflr^ mjr \giU fipcieciec; 
^. Aad fe]Jb9» im> *m a thia^ knft^ifihle 
il ft^d kwe thee> but afr a> property^ 

I J»i»t^ Nb^ be,, be. ircUa you- teucu 

I Fur^. No, lkoKve]ii& ipeed laciitmTtiiiefccianffk 

Albeit, I will confefs, thy father's wealth ' . 

Was the firll motive that I woa'd tb^c^ AnAc.r 

Yet, wooing, thee, I found thee of more value 

Than ftamps in gold, or fums in fealed bagat 

And *ti$ the. very riches of thyfelf 

That now I aim at?. 

Jnnb. Gentle mafter Fenton, 

Yet feek my father*fe love ; ffill feefc it, flr : 
If opportunity and' humbMl. fiUti 
Canitf« attaint il^ ittfa}r'tlMn,r-**U»k)mt( hither. 

l^fkeyi 9omctft apatt^ 

EfUer Su^Mitaw^ Sund«r,. and Mrs^ Qcickjciy. 

SffjL. Break their talk, miftrefs Quickly; mjr 
kinfman fhall fpcuk for htmjePi 

Sles. ril make a fliaft or a bolt on*t : •did, *tis 
but venturing;. 

9 .^^^fgfikffj^ mtfJ/t^ 9tee li|far nr ^-ff^ ^ ^^^® 
who (hall endeavour to calcalate the increafe of EnMh wealth, 
by obferrisgn tkn^ l^wta^ in- thtf tincref EdwMid VI. maoions 
it as.a proDloC his father's. pcoipenQ^^. Z2a< iStm^ ba 4kjffimmn 
be pave hfs daughters five pounds each fir ber portion. At tlfe fottSf 
end of Elizabeth^ feven hundrodtpauadHkiMre fiidiiaxteii^wriiD to 
cowptlhiv* as made all other mocirts fufpeded. Congteve awkea 
twdvetnoufhnd poimds more* than a counterbalance to the a£Kdar 
tion of Belindii No poe^ wilt noiv»fly My fi aw i fe cfaoniAer at 
left tim fifty/ th>ufas4 Joh ncovw 

« nimake a fhaft or tf bolt ««'/;] To make a hohormfiaft of m 
ibmg is enuaeraMd bv Rit)^^ am^gii ^lAcn^ in hia oolkdkMi of 



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OP WINDSOR: 4tf 

Ssji'L* Be not ^finty'd. 

Slbn. No, fhc ftiall not difmay mc : 1 rare not 
for that; — ^but that I am afeard. 

^uicK. Hark ye ; mafter Slender would Tpeak 
ft "vmrd with you. 

AiJXE. I come to him. — ^This is my fatlier's choice. 
O, what a world of rile ili^favour'd £iult8 
Looks handfoixie la three buodbred pounds a year ! 

J^uicx. And how does good nuJlerFenton? Pray 
yoQ, a word with you, 

ShjU. She's conung.; to her, co2. Oboy^ thou 
hadfi: a father ! 

St^j^. I liada fktfacr, miftrefs Aaoe ; — my uncle 
can tell you good jc&s of him : — Pray you, uncle, 
tdl miftrefs Anne the jeft, how my father Aole twQ 
geefe out of a pen, good uncle. 

SjsjL. Miilrefs Anne, my coufin loves you. 

Slew. Ay, that I do ^ as well as I love any wo* 
man in Glocefterfhirc. ^. 

-Shj^u He will maintain you like a gentlewoman. 
Slev. Ay, that I will, come cut and long-tail,* 
ludor the degree of a 'fquire. 

iab ia thiB jpK8«exb meaoft, I thinic, ibc/bort bolt. A£4I.oji&. 

A'Siu^moi t rgsneral teem fer as aryiptw. A Aat^ivasa thick 
AnrtHUie, widi a knob st die cod of it. It wnonlf eombycdto 
Aoociindt with, and was oonnBonlj called a ^ bird-^As." Hir 
word occoiamdnin Itftnoft Mi» nhoutNptbh^^ JL^vt'^lMbmtf^s l§flm 
mATmetfib Night. «intBT«in. 

•« — r0Mrifriitin»/long-talU] i. «, come /00r« tftrkh^ to ofo 
limfelf -as my rival. The following is Aid to be the origin of (he 
jnirafe* According to ^e ibreft laws, ilie dog of a man, who 'had 
Yio.qgfatto die privilc;ge of chace, vrvs obliged tocnt, or Uno\M 
uO^ uuuiig odier modes of dif^Hng him, by depriving faun t)f his 
tail A dog fo cm was called « cwt, or tmt-mii, and ojr contno- 



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439 MERRY WIVES 

Shal. He will make you a hundred and fifty 
pounds jointure. 

tion eur. Cut and hng-tail therefore fignified the dog of a clown, 
and the dog of a gentleman. 

Aeain, in Tbffirft part of the Eighth liberal Sdewce^ en^tled An 
AduMndi, ^r* de^fed and compiled by Ulpian Fulivel^ 1576 1 
€€ „^yesi^ even their very dogs. Rug, Rig, and Rifl>ie, yea, ctU 
and iong'taile, they Aiall be welcome." Stkbtbns. ' 

come cat and long-taU,] I can fee no meaning in tfaii 
phrafe. Slender promifes to make his miftrefs a gentlewoman, and 
probably means to fay, he will deck her in a gown of the court-'Ott, 
and wiui a long train or tail. In the comedy of Eafttuard Hoe, ia 
diis paflkffe : ** The one muft be ladyfied foifooth, and be attired 
juft to the cfiurt cut and long tayle ;" which feems to juflify our 
reading — Court cut and long tail. Sia J. Hawkins. 

^^^^come cut and long-tail,] This phrafe is often found in old 
pli^s, andfeldom, if ever, with any variation. The change there* 
fore propofed by Sir John Hawkins cannot be received, without 
great violence to the text. Whenever the words occur, they always 
bear the fame meaning, and that meaning is obvious enough without 
any explanation. The origin of the phrafe may however admit of 
fome difpute» and it is by no means certain that the account of it, 
here adopted by Mr. Steevens from Dr. Johnfon, is well-founded. 
That there ever exifted fnch a mode of difoualifying dogs by the 
laws of the foreft, as is here afierted, cannot be adcnowledgedwithi- 
out evidence, and no authority is quoted to prove that fuch a cuftom 
at any time prevailed. The writers on this iubje<ft are totally filcnt, 
as far as th^ have come to my knowledge. Manwood, who wrote 
on the Foreft Laws before they were entirely difufed, mentions 
expeditation or cutting off three claws of the tore-foot, as the onfy 
manner of lawing dogs ; and with his account* the Charter of tie 
Forefi feems to agree. Were I to offer a conje^faire, I (hould fup- 
pofe that the phrafe originally referred to horfes, which might be 
denominated cut and long tail, as they were curtailed of this part 
of their bodies, or allowed to enjoy its full growth ; axid this nught 
be pradHfed according to the difierence of their value, or the ufcs 
to which they were put. In this view, cut and long tail would in- 
clude the whole fpecies of horfes good and bad. In fupport of this 
opinion it may be added, that formerly a cut was a word of reproach 
in vulgar colloquial abufe, and I believe is never to be found ap* 
plied to horfes, except to thofe of the worft kind. After all, if anf 
authority can be produced to countenance Dr. Johnfon 's explanation* 
I (hall be very ready to retradl every thing that is here (aid. See 
alfo a note on The Match at Midnight, Doofley 's CoUedion of OI4 
Plays, Vol. VII. p. 424, edit. 1780. Rbbd, 



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OF WINDSOR. 431 

Anni. Good mafter Shallow^ let him woo for 
himfelf. 

SitjL. Marry, I thank you for it; thank you for 
that good comfort. She calls you^coz : TU leave you. 

Anke. Now, mafter Slender. 

Slen* Now, good miftrefs Anne. 

Anne. What is your will ? 

Slen. My will ? od's heartlings, that's a pretty 
jeft, indeed! I ne'er made my will yet, I thank 
heaven; I am not fuch a fickly creature, I give 
heaven praife. 

Anne. I mean, mafter Slender, what would you 
with me? 

Slen. Truly, for mine own part, I would little 
or nothing with you : Your father, and my uncle, 
have made motions : if it be my luck, fo r if not, 
happy man be his dole ! * They can tell you how 
things go, better than I can : You may alk your 
father; here he comes. 

Enter Pagb, and Miftrefs Page. 

Pjge. Now, mafter Slender : — Love him, daugh- 
ter Anne. — 
Why, how now ! what does mafter Fenton here ? 

The laft conyerfation I had the honour to enjoy with Sir William 
filackftone, was on this fubjedt ; and by a fenes of accurate refer- 
rences to the whole colle^on of ancient Foreft Latvs, he convinced 
me of our repeated error, exheditatim and genu/ciffimi, being the 
onl^ eftabliihed and technical modes ever ufed for difabling the 
canine fpecies. Part of the tails of fpaniels indeed are generally 
cut of (omamemti gratia) while they are puppies, fo that (admitting 
a loofe defcription} every kind of dog is comprehended in the 
phraie of cmt and long-tail^ and every rank of people in the fame 
expreiIion» if metaphorically ufed* St s s v b ns. 

♦ happ mam be bis dole/'} A proverbial expreifion. Sae 

Ray's collcAion, p. 116. edit* 1737. Stbbvbn», 



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4ja MERRY WIVES 

You vsong mc; Gr^ thus ftiU to Imhihc myinralr : 
I told you, lir, my daughter is diipos'd of* 

F^Nt. Nay, mafter Pag^ be not if0{»iticmt« 

Mtt^. Pjt^u. Good mafter Fenton, come not to 
my child. 

Page. She is <k> match for you. 

pENr. Sir, will yon kcar me? 

P-rfG£. No, good mailer Fenton. 

Come^ mafter Shallow ; come, ion Slender; in>^ 

Knowing my mind, yoa wrong me» mafter Fenf^n* 

[Exeunt V AGE, Shallow, ^i^$iiNj»ift» 

^icK. %eak to miilre& Page« 

pENt. Good miflrefs Page, for that I love your 
darught^r 
In fuch a righteous faAiion as I do. 
Perforce, againil all checks, rebuk^^ aaad ma^Mfs* 
I mufl advance the colours of my love,^ 
And not retire ; Let me have your good will. 

Anne. Good mother, do not marry me ao *yMi 
fooL 

Mrs. Pacb. I mean it not; I feek you a better 

huiband. 
^uicx. That's my matter, matter doftor. 

Jnne. Alas, I had rather be fct quick i'the eardu 
And bowl*d to death with turnips** 
* Mrs. Page. Come, trouble not yourfclf : Good 
matter Fenton^ 

4 Imsfi adnrance die Gdbun tf t/p Jnt,] Hk fiune mcmfbm 
QCCma tt Jlmeo iotd Juliet : 

•* A»iideath'tpafe>&/ita«tidu^Mmv4^thcie/'STi«7^ 

f mmm^hefttfmkk t ihe tanh^ 

Ani'h9nA)V4 to ieoA nvith tMrmfs,] This is a common proreA 

in the fouthern coanties. I find aknoft the iame exprefiion in Ben 

Janfon't Btmithnmv Fmh: *« Would I had hmk/m im titgmmd, 

all but the head of ine» xodhadm; inns iswl'd at4" CuklM. 



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OF WINDSOR. 433 

I will not be your friend, nor enemy : 

My daughter will I queftion how fhe loves you^ 

And as 1 find her, fo am I afFeded ; 

'Till then, farewell, fir: — She muft needs go in; 

Her father will be angry. 

[Exfunt Mrs. Page and AuNK. 
Fei^t. Farewell, gentle miftrefs; farewell, Nan.* 
^icK.This is my doing now; — Nay, faid I, will 

you caft away your child on a fool, and a phyfician ? ' 

Look on mafter Fenton : — this is my doing. 

* Parfwell, gentle miftrefs ; farewell, NanJ] Miftrefs is here ufed 
as a triffyOable. Malonb. 

If miftrefs can be pronoanced as a trifTyllabley the line will 
ftill be uncommonly dete^ve in hannony. Perhaps a monofyllable 
has been omitted, and we ihould read — 

«* Farewell, »y gentle miftrefs ; farewell. Nan." Steevbns. 

* fool, and a phyfician ?] I (hould read— ^d/ or a pbyftcian^ 

meaning Slender and Cains. Johnson. 

Sir Thomas Hanmer reads according to Dr Johnfon's conjedure. 

This may be right. ^Or my Dame Quickly may allude to the 

proverb, a man oi forty is either a jW or a fbyfician \ but (he aflerts 
Ker mafter to be both. Farmer. 

So, in Microcofmus, a mafque by Nabbes, 1637 : 
" Choler. Phlegm's ^fooL 
" Melan. Or K phyfician." 
Again, in a Maidenhead nvell loft , i6$z: 

•* No matter whether I be a /flo/ or a /^X^-f*'^-" 

Mr. Dennis, of irafcible memory, who altered this play, and 
brought it on the ftage, in the year 1702, under the title of 7T^^ 
Comical Gallant, (when, thanks to the alterer, it was fairly damn'd,)' 
has introduced the proverb at which Mrs. Quickly's allufion ap- 
pears to be pointed. Sts bv b n s. 

1 believe the old copy is right, and that Mrs. Quickly means to 
infinuate that ihe had addreifra at the fame time both Mr. and Mrs. 
Page on the fubjedt of their daughter's marriage, one of whom 
fiivoured Slender, and the other Caius : " — on a fool or a phyfi- 
cian," would be more accurate, but and is fufficiently fuitable to 
dame Quickly, referenda fingulafingulis. 

. Thus : ** You two are going to throw away your daughter oa 
a fool and a phyfician ; you, fir, on the former, smd you, madam» 
on the latter." Malonb. 

Vol. hi. • F f ^ 



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434 MERRY WIVES 

Pent. I thank thtti and I pmy diM» mice to^ 
night ^ 
Give my fweet Nan this ring : There's for thy paint* 

^icK. Now heaven fend thtc good fortune ! A 
kind heart he hath : a woman would run through 
fire and water for fuch a kind heart. But yet^ I 
would my mafter had miilrefs Anne ; or I would 
mafter Slender had her; or» in footh^ I would 
mafter Fenton-had her : I will do what I can for 
them all three ; for fo I have promifed^ and PU be 
aft good as niy word ; but fpecioufly * for mafter 
Fenton. Well, I muft of another errand to fir 
John FalftafF from my two miftreifes ; What a beaft 
am I to flack it ? ^ lExiU 

SCENE V. 
A Room in the Garter Inn. 

Enter Falstaff and Bardolph. 

Fal. Bardolph, I fay, — 

Bard. Here, fir. 

Fal. Go fetch me a quart of fack ; put a toaft 
in't. [Exit Bard.] Have I lived to be carried in a 
baflcet, like a barrow of butcher's ofial ; and to be 
thrown into the Thames ? Well ; if I be ferved fuch 
another trick. Til have my brains ta'en out, and 
butter'd, and give them to a dog for a new year*a 

1 once to-nigbt'-^l u e. fmeHm to-night. So» in a kctar 

fh}m the fixth earl of Northumberland; (qooted in the notes on tlie 
honfehold bo(^ of the fifth earl of that name :) <« ~notmdilbad« 
ing I tnift to be able 9m to let np a cbapeU off nyne owne.'' 

STBtTllin 

^ — .^Aar^— ] She means to ia^ fynidly. Stibtims^ 
9 «— /« flack // ^] i, e. negleft. So, in Khig Lear : •* — if then 
&ey chanced tofiack yoa« weconld control them/' Stbitsns, 



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FAL STAFF thrown into the WATER. 

1 2^ oe/^K'ii^m/ u<H(/ muu An/ni^, ^ ?n^y ^Hzti M/i^ Q^ A^it/^/ a/ 



i 



OF WINDSOR. 435 

jft. The rogues flighted me into the river with as 
ttle remorfe as they would have drown'd a bitch's 
blind puppies/ fifteen i' the litter : and you may 
know by my fize, that I hav^ a kind of alacrity in 
finking ; if the bottom were as deep as hell» I fhould 
down. I had been drown'd^ but that the fliore was 
Ihelvy and fhallow ; a death that I abhor ; for the 
water fwells a man ; and what a thing Ihould I 
have been, when I had been fwell'd ! I mould have 
been a mountain of mummy. 

Re-^enter Bardolph, with the wine. 

BjRD. Here's Miftrefs Quickly, fir, to fpeak with 
you. 

Pal. Come, let me pour in (bme fack to the 
Thames water ; for my belly's as cold, as if I had 
fwallow'd fnow-balls for pills to cool the reins* 
Call her in. 

* Bard. Come in, womam 

Enter Mrs. Quickly. 

^iCK. By your leave; I cry you mercy : Give 
your worfliip good-morrow. 

Fal. Take away thefe chalices : Go brew me a 
pottle of fack finely. 

" — — a bitch's blind fufpies^'l The old copy reads — *^ a blind 
bitch's /»///>/." Stsevbks. 

I have ventured to tranfpofe the adjeftive here, againft the audio* 
atf of the printed codes. I know, in horfes, a colt from a blind 
ftdlion lofes much ot the value it might otherwife have; but aro 
M»//W ever drown'd the fooner, for coming from a blind hitch f 
The author certainly wrote, as, they nmuld Iwve drmwn'd a bitcb*$ 
llindfmfpHs. Thbobald. 

The tranfpofitioD may be jdliied from the following paflage in- 
^e Tnvo GfMtlemen of Ferona : ** —one that I faved from drown^ 
bg, when three or K>ur of his hliud brothers aikL£ft«rs went to 

k." $T«BTl]|t. 

Ff a 



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436 MERRY WIVES 

' Bar. With eggs, fir? 

Fjl. Simple of itfelf ; I'll no pullct-fperm in 
my brewage. — [Exit Barpolph.] — ^How now ? 

^iCK. Marry, fir, I come to your worftiip from 
miftrefs Ford. 

Fal. Miftrefs Ford ! I have. had ford enough: 
I was thrown into the ford y I have my belly fiill 
of ford. 

^icK. Alas the day ! good heart, that was not. 
her fault : flie does fo take on with her men ; they 
miftook their eredion. 

Fal. So did I mine, to build upon a foolifh wo- 
man's promife. 

l^icK. Well, fhe laments, fir, for it, that it would 
yearn your heart to fee it. Her hufband goes thi« 
morning a birding; ftie defires you once more to 
come to her between eight and nine : I muft carry 
her word quickly : fhe'U make you amends, I war-* 
rant you. 

Fal. Well, I will vifit her : Tell her to ; and bid 
her think, what a man is : let her confider his frail- 
ty, and then judge of niy merit. 

^iCK. I will tell her. 

Fal. Dofo. Between nine and ten, fay'ft thou? 

^uicK. Eight and nine, fir. 

Fal. Well, be gone : I will not mifs her. 

^icK. Peace be with you, fir I [£*•//• 

Fal. I marvel, I hear not of matter Brook ; he 
fent me word to ftay within : I like his money wdK 
O, here he comes. 

Enfer Ford. 
Ford. Blefs you, fir ! 

Fal. Now, matter Brook? you come to know- 
what hath pafs'd between me and Ford's wife ? 



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OF WINDSOR: 437 

Ford. That, indeed, fir John, is my biifincfs. . 

Fal. Mailer Brook, I will not lie to you ; I was 
at her houfe the hour fhe appointed me. 

Ford. And how fped you, fir ? ' 

FjiL. Very ilLfavour'dly, mafter Brook. 

Ford. How fo, fir? Did] flie change her deter- 
mination? 

Fal. No, mafter Brook : but the peaking cor- 
nuto her huft>and, mafter Brook, dwelling in a con- 
tinual 'larum of jealoufy, comes me in the inftant 
of our encounter, after we had embraced, kifs'd, 
protefted,and, as it were, fpoke the prologue of our 
comedy j and at his heels a rabble of his compa- 
nions, thither provoked and inftigated by his dif- 
temper, and, forfooth, to fearch his houfe for his 
wife's loye. 

Ford. What, while you yi^ere there ? 

Fal* While I was therei 

Ford. And did he fearch for you, and could not 
find you ? 

Fal. You ftiall hear. As good luck would have 
it, comes in one miftrefs Page ; gives intelligence 
of Ford's approach ; and, by her invention, and 
Ford's wife's diftnwftion, they convey'd me into a 
buck-bafket.* 

FojtD. A buck-baflcet ! 

Fal. By the Lord, a buck-baflcct : ' ramm'd me 

* how/j^d joii, fir /] The word hnu I have reftored from 

the old quarto. Malone. 

* and^ by her invention^ and Ford*s fwife's diftraftion, thy 
toteveyd me into a huck-hajket,] As it does not appear that his being 
convey'd into the buck-balket was owing to the fuppofcd diflraaitni 
of Miftrefs Ford, I have ho doubt but we Ihould read—** and' 
Ford's wife's dire&hn^" which was the faft. M. Mason. 

* By the Lord, a huck-hajket ;] Thus the old quarto. The editotof 

Ff3 



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43J MERRY WIVES 

in with foul ihirts and fmocks^ focksj foul ftock* 
ings^ and greafy napkins $ that, mafter Brook, there 
was the rankeft compound of villainous fmell^ thaL. 
ever offended noflrlL 

Ford. And how long lay you there ? 

FaI' Nay, you fhall hear, mafter Brook,, what I 
have fufFcr'd to bring this woman to evU for your 
good. Being thus cramm'd in the bafket, a couple 
of Ford's knaves, his hinds, were cali'd forth by 
their miftrefs, to carry me in the name of fouf 
clothes to Datchet-lane : they took me on their 
flioulders ; met the jealous knave their mafter in the^ 
door ;. who aflc'd them once or twice, what they had 
in their bafket : ♦ I quaked for fear, left the lunatic 
knave would have fearch'd it ; but fate, ordaining 
he ftiould be a cuckold, held his hand. Well ; on 
went he for a fearch, and away went I for foul clothes* 
But mark the fequel, mafter Brook : I fuffer'd the 
pangs of three feveral deaths : ' ftrft, an intolerable 

Ae firft folio, to a^oid the penalty of the ftatate of King Jimei L 
feadfr^— r//, &c. and the editor ot the fecond, which has been fol«» 
lowed by die modems, has made Falftaffdefert his own charafter, 
and afliune the language of a Puritan. Malonb. 

The fecond folio reads— ^f a; and I cannot difeover wh\r tUa 
affinnative fhoold be confidered as a mark of paritanifm. lea^ at 
the time our comedy appeared, was in as frequent ufe Bi^-^es ; and 
is certainly put by Shakfpeare into the mouths of many of his cha* 
raders whofe manners are widely diftant from diofe of canting 
purifta. SrifBviNs. 

4 what they had im their hajket:] So, before: «« What 

a takiog was he in, when your hufband afk*d who was in the 
baiket ! but Ford had aflced no fuch queftion. Our author ieenis 
feldom to haye reyifed his plays. Malonb. 

Falftaff, in the prefent inftance, may purpofely exae^rate his 
alarms, that he may thereby enhance his merit with Forojat whofe 
purfe his defigns are ultimately kvelled. Stb by b n s. 

5 .....,^^/iveraI deaths .'] Thus the folio and the moft correal of 
Aequanos* The firft quarto reads fgn^kiu .deaths. Stbeveks. 



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OF WINDSOR- 45r 

^igfat> to te dcCeAed with ^ a jealous rotten bell* 
vreadier : next^ to be compafA'd^ like a good bUbo^' 
in the circumference of a peck.* hilt to pointy heel 
to head : and then> to be ftopp'd in» like a ftrong 
diftillation, with ftinking clothes that fretted in 
their own j^reafe : think of that^ — a man of my kid-- 
ney>^ — ^thmk of that ; that am as fubjeA to heat, as 
butter ; a man of continual dilTolution and thaw f 
it was a miracle^ to 'fcape fufibcation. And in the 
height of this bath, when I was more than half 
ftew'd in greafe, like a Dutch difh> to be thrown 
into the Thames, and cool'd, Rowing hot, in that 
furge, like a horfe-fhoe ; think of that, — Whiffing hc^t^ 
— think of that, mafter Brook. 

t ^.^.^deteSedvri^ — ] Thus the old copies. With was toxo^ 
timet afed for ^ So, a litde after : 

«* I foooer will fufped the Am wtb cdd.'' 

DeteAed «^ a jealous, &c would h^ve been the common gram- 
mar of the tunes. The modem editors tead — by» St£Bvb ns. 

^ -"—'bilho^'l A hilbo is a Spanifh blbide, of which the ex- 
cellence is flexibletters and ehftici^. Joh Nsotr. 

RiAop ftom BilhM, a city of Biicay, where the bcft blades are 
Made. St8ivsk6. 

t ^.^^^ofa peck,] Thqs the felio. The old quarto reads — of 
^pack ; and perhaps rightly. Pedlar]s packs are fometimes of fuch 
n fize as to admit of Famaff 's defcription ; but who but a Lilliputian 
could be " compaffed in zfeckf** Malons. 

Palftaffdefignedly exaggerates the inconveniences of his fituation* 
'When he tells us, mat formerly he *' was not an eagle's talon in die 
waift, and could have cnept through an alderman's thumb-ring," 
are we to fiqjpofe he has a literal meaning ?— «nd may not fome 
future critick enquire of us whether we ever faw any Pedlar's 
pick of fuch a fize as would contain a perfon of Falftaff's bulk ?" 

Befides ; — ^to try the flexibility of fwords, it might have been 
ufual to iRcurvate them widiin a wooden circuit like that of a peck 
meafure ; but who would have thought of making the fame experi- 
ment within a pedlar's pack f Stebvsks. 

9 kidney^ Kidney in this phrafe now fignifies kind ox quali- 
ties^ but FalftalF means, a man ivhofe kidnies art as fat as mine. 

Johnson. 

Ff4 



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440 MERRY WIVES 

- PosldJ' In good fadnefs, fir, I am fo'rry tthat fo> 
my fake you have fufFer'd all this. My fujt then it 
defperate ; you'll undertake her no more ? . 

Fal. Matter Brook, I will be thrown into lEtn^ 
as I have been into Thames, ere I will leave her 
thus. Her hufband is this morning gone a bird- 
ing : I have received from her another embafly. of 
meeting ; 'twixt eight and nine is the hour, mafter 
Brook. 

Ford. 'Tis paft eight already, fir. 

Fal. Is it? I will then addrefs me* to my ap-r 
pointment. Come to me at your convenient leifurc, 
and you fliall know how I fpeed ; and the conclu- 
fion ftiall be crown'd with your enjoying her: 
Adieu. You fliall have her, mafl:er Brook; mafter 
Brook, you fliall cuckold Ford. \^Exit. 

Ford. Hum ! ha ! is this a vifion ? is this a dream ? 
do I fleep ? Mafter Ford, awake ; awake, mafter 
Ford ; there's a hole made in your beft coat, mafter 
Ford. This 'tis to be married 1 this 'tis to have 
linen, and buck-baflcets ! — Well, I will proclaim 
myfelf what I am : I will now take the lecher ; he 
is at my houfe: he cannot 'fcape me ; ^tis impoffi^ 
ble he fhould ; he cannot creep into a half-penh]^ 
purfe, nor into a pepper-box : but, left the devil 
that guides him fliould aid him, I will fearch im- 
poflible places. Though what I am I cannot avoid, 
yet to be what I would not, fliall not make me tame : 
if I have horns to make one mad, let the proverb 
go with me, I'll be horn mad.* [jKat/V. 

* addre/s me — ] L c. make myfelf ready. So, in King 

Henry V : 

" To-morrow for our march we arc addrefi.** 
Again, in Macbeth : 

*' But they did fay their prayers, and addrefs d them 
'* Again to fleep," Steevens. 
f ru be horn mad.] There is no image which our autho^ * 



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OF WINDSOJJ. 441 

ACT IV.. SCENE 1/ * 

The Street. 

Enter Mrs. Page, Mrs. Quickly, and William. 

Mrs. Page. Is he at mailer Ford's already, 
think'ft tiiou ? 

^icK. Sure, he is by this 5 or will be prefently : 
but truly, he is very courageous mad, about his 
throwing into the water. Miftrefs Ford dcfires you 
to come fuddenly. 

Mrs. Page. I'll be with her by and by ; I'll but 
bring my young man here to fchool : Look, where 
his matter comes ; *tis a playing-day, I fee. 

Enter Sir Hugh Evans. 
How now, fir Hugh ? no fchool to-day ? 

Efa. No ; nufter Slender is let the boys leave 
to play. 

^uicK. Bleffing of his heart I 

Mrs. Page. Sir Hugh, my hufband fays,. my fon 

uypears fo fond of, as that of cuckold't horns.. Scarcely a lighC^ 
cnarader is introduced that docs not endeavour to produce merri* 
nent by foroe allufion to homed huibands. As he wrote his plays 
for the ilage rather than th^ prefs, he perhaps reviewed them M- 
dom, and did not oblerve tliis repetition ; or finding the jefl', how- 
ever frequent, ftill fuccefsjTul, did hot think corredion.neceflary* 

Johnson* 
4 This is a very trifling fcene, of no ufe to the plot, and t 
fliould think of no great delight to the audience ; but Shakfpeare 
bcft knew what wodd pleafe. Johnson, 

We may fuppofe this fcene to have been a very entertaining one 
to the audience for ^thich it was written. Many of the old plays 
exhibit pedants inftrpding their fcholars. Marlion has a very long 
one in ms What you Will, between a fchoolmafter, and Holof ernes ^ 
Nathaniet, &c. his p^ipils. The title of this play was perhaps bor- 
rowed by Shakfpeare, to join to that of T^wetfth Ni^ht, What you 
WiltappcAtcd in 1607. Twelfth Night was firft printed in 1623. 

Stesvsns* 



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443 MERRY WIVES 

profits Nothing ia the world at his book; I pray 
you^ a(k him lome queftions in his accidence. 

Eva. Come hither^ William ; hold up your head s 
come. 

Mrs. Page. Come on, firrah; hold up your 
head ; anfwer your mafter^ be not afraid. 

Eva. William, how many numbers is in nouns P 

IViLL. Two. 

ShicK. Truly I thought there had been one 
number more ; becaufe they fay, od's nouns. 

Efa. Peace your tatlinjp. What is/air, William ? 

ff^jLL. Pulcber. 

^uicx. Poulcats! there are fairer things than 
poiiicats, fure. 

Efa. You are a very fimplicity 'oman ; I pray 
you, peace. What is Lapis, William ? 
IViLL. A ftone. 

Eva. And what is a ftone, William ? 
IViLL. A pebble. 

Eva. No, it is Lapis i I pray you remember in 
your prain. 

JViLL. Lapis. 

Eva. That is a good WiUiam. What is he, Wil. 
liam, that does lend articles ? 

tViLL. Articles are borrowed of the pronoun; 
and be thus declined, Singulariier, nominativ9% bic^ 
bac, hoc. 

Eva. Naminativd, big, bag, bog ; — ^pray you, mark : 
genitivo, bujus: Well, what is your accujative caje? 
WiLh. Accufativo, bine. 

Eva. I pray you, have your remembrance, child ; 
Accufativo, bing, bang, bog. 

^icK. Hang hog is Latin for bacon, I warrant you. 



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OF WINDSOR. 441 

Zfa. Leave your prabbks^ o'maiL Whit is the 
focativecafe^ William? 

Will* O^^-vocativo^ O. 
Eva. Remember, William; focativels, cmet. 
^icK. And that's a good root. 
Eva. 'Oman, forbear. 
Mkz. Page. Peace. 

Efa* What is yonv genitive cafe plural^ William? 
H^iLL. Genitive cafe? 
Eva. Ay. 

IViLL. Genitive^ — borum, barum, horumJ 
^icK. 'Vengeance of Jenny's cafe! fie on her I 
—never name her, child, if me be a whore. 
Eva. For Ihame, 'oman. 

. ^uicic. You do ill to teach the child fuch words : 
he teaches him to hick and to hack,^ which they'U 
<lo faft enough of themfelves ; and to call horum: 
i— fie upon you ! 

Eva. 'Oman, art thou lunatics ? haft thou na 
underftandings for thy cafes, and the numbers of 
the genders ? Thou art as foolifh chriftian creatures^ 
as I would defires. 

Mrs. Page. Pr'ythee, hold thy peace. 

EvA^ Shew me now, William, fome declenfions^ 
of your pronouns. 

' '"^^-^honm, baruMt borwuJ] Taylor, tbe water-poet, bas bor« 
lowed this ieft* fuch as it is, in his chara6ter of a ftmmpet : 
** And come to borum, harttm, 'wbomm^ then 
** She proves a great proficient among men." S^tistbns. 

6 to hick and to hack,] Sir William Blackftone thooght that 

this, in Dame C^ckl^'s langnage, fignifies " to ftammer or hefi- 
tate, as boys do in fayine their Teflbns;'* but Mr. Steevens, with 
more probability, fuppoMs that it fignifies, in her dialed, u 4* 
mi/chief. Malomb. 



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444 M£RRY WIVES 

lyiiL. Forfooth, I have forgot. 

Efa. It is ki^ ka^ cod; if you forget your kses, 
your he^,^ and your cods, you muft be preeches.^ 
Go your ways^ and play, go* 

Mrs. Page. He is a better fcholar^ than I thought 
he was. 

ErA. He is a good iprag • memory. Farewell 
iniftrefs Page. 

Mrs. Page. Adieu, good fir Hugh. [Exit Sir 
Hugh.] Get you home, boy. — Come, we ftay too 
long. [^Exeunt. 

SCENE 11. 

A Ro(m in Ford's Houfe. 

Enter Falstajp and Mrs. Ford. 

Fal. Miftrefs Ford, your forrow hath eaten up 
my fufFerance ! I fee, you are obfequious in your 
love,^ and I profefs requital to a hair Is breadth; not 

' — .jf«rr kies', jour i^s, &c.] All this ribaldry it Hkeviie 
fouiKl in Tayloc die water-poet. See fol» edit. p. io6. 

Steevens, 

f jou muft he pieeches.] Sir Hugh means to fay — ^you muft 

be hreecb*d, i. e# flogg'd. To bnecb is to Jhg. So, in The Tammg 
oftbeSbrenjti: 

«* I am no hreecbing fchol^ in the fchools.*' 
Again, in Tbe Humroiu Lieutenant, By Beaumont and Flttdier : 
** Cry like a hreecb'd boy, not eat a bit." Stb e VBiit. 

• ffrag 1 I am told that this word is fttll ufed by the 

common peoj^e in Uie neighboncfaood of Bath, where it figni^ 
readj, alert, fprigbtlj, andispronouncedasif it was Written^-^r^rif. 

Stbevens. 
A Jpackt lad or wench, (ays Kay, is apt to learn, ingenious. Rs a d • 
• j our forrow batb eaten up myfufferante: I/ee,jou are ob- 

fequious in jour love, "] So, in Hamlet: 

** for fomc jtcrm 

** To do oh/equitms forrovj" 
The epithet obfequious refers, in both inflances, to the ferioufnefs 
with which ob/equies, or funeral ceremonies, are performed. Stibvbns^ 



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OF WINDSOR. 



445 



only, miftrefs Ford, in the fimple office of love, 
but in all the accoutrement, complement, and ce- 
remony of it. But are you fure of your hufband now ? 

Mrs* Ford. He's a birding, fweet fir John. 

Mrs. PAGB^lfVitbiu.'] Whathoa, goffipFord! 
^hat hoa I 

Mrs. Ford. Step into the chamber, fir John. 

[Exit Falstapf. 

Enter Mrs. Page. 

Mrs. Page. How now, fweetheart? who's at 
home befides yourfcif ? 

Mrs. Ford. Why, none but mirte own people* 

Mrs. Page. Indeed? 

Mrs. Ford. No, certainly : — Speak louder. [4^» 

Mrs. Page. Truly, I am fo glad you have nobody 
here. ^ ' 

Mrs. Ford. Why ? ' ' 

Mrs. Page. Why, woman, your hufi)and is in 
his old lunes ^ again : he fo takes on ' yonder with 
my hufband; fo rails againfi: all married mankind i 
fo curfes all Eve's daughters, of what complexion 
foevcr; and fo buffets himfelf on the forehead^ 
crying, Peer-out, peer^out !* that any madnefs, I 

• ■ lunes — 1 i. c. lanacy, frenzy. Sec a notef on The Whiter* t 

Tale, Aa IL fc. li. The folio, xeada^ixes, inilead ofJumet. The 
dder quartos— 4d& old 'uaine aeain. Stbbvbns. 

The corredion was made by Mr. Theobald. Malonb. 

' he/o takes on — ] To take ox, which is now nfed for /« 

grie*oe, ftems to be ufed by our author for to rage. Perhaps it was 
applied to any paffion. Johtnson. 

It is ufcd by Na(h in Pierce Pennilefi his Supplication to the Devil, 
1592, in the fame fenfe: ** Some will take on like a madman^ if 
they fee a pig come to d^e uble." Maloite. 

4 ^.^-^Peer-ont /] That is, appear bomr. Shakfpeare is at his old 
lunes. Johnson. 

3 



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446 MERRY WIVES 

ever yet beheld, feem'd but ttmenefi, eiYilirf^ atid 
patience, to this diftempcr he is in now : lamghid 
the £Rt knight is not heire. 

Mms. Fomd. Why» does he talk of him? 

Mus. Page. Of none but him ; and fwears^ he 
was carried out, the lall time he fearch'd for him, 
in a balket : procefts to my hufband, he is now here ; 
and bath drawn him and the reft of their company 
from their fport, to make another experiment of 
his fufpicion : but I am glad the knight is not here; 
now he (hall fee his own foolery. 

Mrs. Ford. How near is he, miftrefs Page ? 

Mrs. Page. Hard by; at ftreei end; he will be 
here anon. 

Mrs. Ford. I am undone ! — the knight is here-. 

Mrs. Page. Why, then you are utterly ihamed, 
and he's but a dead man. What a woman are you ? 
—Away with him, away with him ; better fhame 
than murder. 

Mrs. Foih>. Which way fhould he go ? how fliould 
I beftow him ? Shall I put him into the bs^et again t 

Reenter Falstaff. 

Pal. No, 1*11 come no more i* the balket : May 
I not go out, ere he come ? 

Mrs. Page. Alas, three of mafter Ford's brothers 
watch the door with piflols,' that none Ihall iflue 

Shakfpeare here refers to tbe pmfiice of diildrai, when 4i6y 
call on a fnail to pu(k forth his horns : 

•« Peer out, peer out, peer out of yoor hole, 

'• Or elfe ril beat you black as a coal." HENLsr, 

$ twatch tie door witi piftoIs>] This is OBS of Shsk^peaaA 

aoachxomiins* Dovci, 



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OF WINDS OR* 447 

out; otherwlfeyoo might flip zwtj oe he came* 
But what make you here ? ^ 

FjtL. What (hall I do?---*Ml creep up into the 
chimney. 

Mrs. Ford* There they always ufe to dirchaif;^ 
their birding-pieces : Creep into the kiln-^hole.^ 

Fal. Where is it ? 

Mrs. Ford. He will feek there on my word. 
Neither prefs^ coffer^ cheft^ trunk, well, vault, but 
he hath an zhAnA ' for the remembrance of fuch 
places, and goes to them by his note : There is no 
hiding you in the houie, 

FjtL. 1*11 go out then. 

Mrs.Pagr. If you go ^ out in your own femblance^ 
you die, fir John. Unlefs you go out dilguis'd^— 

Thus, in Ptrklet, PrinceifTjre, Thaliard lays, 
«« if I 

« Cm get him once within myfj/hPt length,'' &c. 
and ThaUaid was one of the conrtien of Antiochus die third, who 
idgned 200 years before Chrift ; a period rather too early for the 
nftcf /ifiait. Stibvbks. 

* Bmt 'what wmke ym heref\ i. e. nnhtt ibjou hert. Malovb* 
The fiune phrafe occurs in the firft fcene erf* As jm like it : 
** Now, fir! oiA&a/ mahpm beref" Stb£VIRS. 

1 ^^^cftep iMt9 tie iilm4mle.] I fufpeft, tliefe words bdong to 
Mtu Page. See Mrs. Ford's next ijpeeck That, however, may 
be a tecSoA diought ; a correAion ot her former propofal : but tho 
other fuppofition is more proba1>le. Malohb. 

• «» abftraA — ] i. e. a lift, an inrentorjr. SntTBKa. 

Rather, a (hort note or defcription. So, lA Hambt : 
** The mifima, and brief chronicle of the times/' 

Maionb* 
9 Mrs. Pa«. I/jmgo, Sec] In the firft folio, br the tsSSak^ 
of the compoutor, die name of Mrs. Ford is prefixea to this fpeech 
«nd the next. Fortheonrrcdionnowmadelamanfwerable. The 
editor of the fecond folio put the two fpeeches together, and gare 
dnn both to Mrs. Ford. The threat of danger from oi^i&Mtf aicei^ 
tains the firft to bdong to Mn, Hgc See her fpeech on FalftBTa 
Maloitb. 



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448 MERRY WIVES 

, Mrs. Fokv. How might we difguife him? 

* Mrs. Pagb. Alas the day, I know not. There- 
is no woman's gown big enough for him ; others 
wife, he might put on a hat, a muffler, and a 
kerchief, and fo efcape. 

Fal. Good hearts, devife fcnnething: any extre-* 
mity, rather than a mifchief. 

Mrs. Ford. My maid*s aunt, the fat woman of 
Brentford, has a gown above. 

Mrs. Page. On my word, it will ferve him; 
file's as big a6 he is : and there's her thrum'd hat, 
and her muffler too : * Run up, fir John. 

Mrs. Ford. Go, go, fweet fir John : miftrefs Page, 
^nd I, will look fome linen for your head* 

Mrs^ Page. Quitk, quick ; we'll come drefs you 
(Iraight : put on the gown the while. 

[Exit Falstaff. 

Mrs. Fori). I would, my hufband would meet 
him in this fhape : he cannot abide the old woman 
of Brentford; he fw ears, ihe's a witch; forbade 
her my houfe, and hath thrcaten'd to beat her. 

• ^r thrura'd ia/, and her muffler too :] The thrum is tie 

end of a weaver's warp, and we may {oppofe, was iifed for the 
porpofe of making coane hats. So, in A midfumnur Night's Dream f 
". O fetes, come, come» 
«* Cut thread and thrum.:' 

A muffler was fome part of drefs that covered the face. So, Jn 
The Cooler s Prophecy p - 1 ^04 : 

*• Now is (he bare fac'd to be feen : — ^ftrait on her AT^^r goes.** 

Again, in Laneham's account of Queen Elizabeth's entertainttient 
at Kenel worth caftle, 1575 : " — his mother lent him a nu mifflar 
for a napkin, that was tyed to hiz gyrdl for lozyng." Ste evens. 

The mtffler was a part of female attire, which only covered the 
lower half of the face. Doucs. 

A thr*m*dhzt was made of very coarie woollen cloth. See Min*. 
iheu'sDiCT. i6i7, inY« Thrum' d\s, formed of tbrtms. r 

Malomi* 



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OF WINDSOR. 449 

Mrs. Page. Heaven guide him to thy hufband's 
cudgel; and the devil guide his cudgel afterwards! 

Mrs. Ford. But is my hulband coming? 

Mrs. Page. Ay, in good fadnefs, is he ; and talks 
ofthebalkettoo, howfoever he hath had intelli- 
gence. 

Mrs. Ford. We*ll try that ; for I'll appoint my 
men to carry the bafltet again, to meet him at the 
door with it, as they did laft time. 

Mrs. Page. Nay, but he'll be here prefently : 
let's go drefs him like the witch of Brentford. 

Mrs. Ford. Pll firft direcTc my men, what they 
ihall do with the bafket. Go up, I'll bring linen 
for him ftraight. [Exit. 

Mrs. Page. Hang him, difhoneft varlet ! we 
cannot mifufe him enough.' 

We*ll leave a proof, by that which we will do. 
Wives may be merry, and yet honeft too : 
We do not ad, that often jeft and laugh ; 
•Tis old but true. Still /wine eat alt the draffs 

[Exit. 
Reenter Mrs. Ford, with two Servants. 

Mrs. Ford. Go, firs, take the bafket again on 
your ihoiilders ; your mafter is hard at door ; if he 
bid you fet it down, obey him : quickly, defpatch. 

[Exit. 

1. SERf^. Come, come, take it up. 

2. Serf. Pray heaven, it be not full of the knight ^ 
again. 

' ■ mifufe him enough J] Him which was accidenCall)r omitted 
in the firft folio, was inserted by the editor of the fecond. 

Malone. 

* Stiii ftviite, &c.] This is a proverbial fentence. See 

Ray's Colleton. Malon e. 

5 of the knight — ] The only anthentick copy, the £rft folioy 

Vol. III. G g 



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4J6 MERRY WIVES 

t. Stkf^. 1 hope n(9t; I hxd as lief bear ib much 
iettd. 

E^/^'r FoUD, l^AGt, SHXLlt)W, CaIDS, ^i 4y3ry 

Ford. Ay, but if it prove true, mafter Page, hawc 
you ^Loy wsLj then to unfool me i^ain ?-*^et down 

the baiket, villain : — Somebody call my wife : 

. You, youth in a bsdket, come out hereV*— O, you 
panderly rafcals ! there'^ a knot, a ging,' a pack, a 
confpiracy, againfl: ine: Now fhali the devil be 
fiiartied, Whatl wife, I fay ! come, come forrfi ; be- 
libld "WhvLt honeft clotures you fend forth to bleach- 
ing. 

Page. Why, this paiTes ! • Mafter f'ord, you are 
•not to go lodfe tstny longer ; yon -muft^Ne pinioned. 

think, unneQttiiirilf . Wehanre^jnft hBd^^**h3td*at iter." Mvuwdne. 

Jit door, 'isa iHqatnt ptovinGml^ipBB, MlofHttighti!&-^ ^hrafe 
without exait^e ; and thepref45nt'fpeakej:.(oae of xFord's dn4ges} 
was not teeant for a dealer in grolefque language. I theit^fore read 
-with Hke fecond folio. Steevbns. 

6 Y'^ixx^ y<fuihiHxibiiJket, eome^ottt^ere'!^ This ftafdm^ I have 
adopted from the early quarto. The folio has only—**' Youth in a 
baflccti" Malomi. 

7 .....^^fe^g;] Old'Cflpy-M.^. XyH^y^^A ibe W4ffd.inHtliMl 
fayihe'po«t> and wa6 anciently ufedf for jMi^. So* fft^njerifim's 
iVw Inn, 1 65 r : 

•• The fecret is, I would not willingly 
♦♦ SeeorbcAento«!y*of'ttSs//)ijf, 
•♦ JEfoccialiv the lady." 
Again, mi%e AUhemift, i'6io: 
•* — Sure he has got 

«« Some baudy pidure to call all this ging ; 
*' The friar and the boy, or the new indtiwj/' "5ftc. 

Hie Second folio [1632] (fo feverely cenfured by Mr. Malone^ 
and yet To often qnoted by him ^ iat foorce xii emeifilatidns*) 
reads — ging. Steevens. 

% i^/rpdlblj'lWIbrceof&ej^taJellibd'notinf^^ 



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OF WINDSOR. 45 r 

EfTA. Why» chis is Imiatics ! this \% ;pad .as a ^^ud 
dog! 

4$*tfir/:« Ind^^ qaafter Ford^ this is not well ; in^ 
deed. 

Enter Mrs. Ford. 

Ford. So fay I too, fir. — Come hither, miftrefs 
Ford ; miftrefs Ford, the honeft woman, the mo- 
deft wife, the virtuous creatgre, that hath the jea- 
lous fool to her hufband ! — ^I fufpe(ft without caufe, 
miftrefs, do I ? 

Mrs. Ford. Heaven be my witaefs, you do, if 
you fufped me in ^nydiihoi^x^. 

Ford. Wdi faid, brazen-^ce ; hold it out.— — 
Come fait:h> firxah. {Pull^ the clothe^ gut offkeiq/^ef. 

Page. Thispafles! 

Mrs. Ford. Are you not aftiamed ? let the clothes 
alone. 

Ford. I fhall find you anon. 

Efa. *Tis unreafonable ! Will you take up your 
wife's clothes ? Come away. 

Ford. Empty the baflcet, I fay. 

Mrs. Ford. Why^ man, why, — 

Ford. Mafter Page, as I am a man, there w|us 
jone convey'd out of my houfe yefterday in this 
balKet : Why may not he be there again ? In my 

when a former i^ipreffion of Shakipeare was prepared; and there- 
fore gave dicfe two words as part of an imperfecl fentence. One 
of the obfolete fenfes of the verb, to fa/t, is io go beyond hunds. 
So, in Sir Cljomonj Vc. Knight of f lift Golden Shield, 1 599 : 

** I have fpch a deal of fubftance here when Brian's men 

are ilaine, 
" That it fajeih. O that I had while to ftay !" 
Aeain, in the trtodation of the*Mr»<ffri&m/, '595* ** This pa/^ 
A tbf that I meet with none, but thus they vexe me with ilran^c 
fpeechcs." STEivtys. 



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4Stx MERRY WIVES 

houfe I am fure he is : my intelligence is true ; mj 
jealoufy is reafonable : Pluck me out all the linen« 

Mrs. Ford. If you find a man there> he (hall die 
a flea's death. 

PjiGE. Here's no man. 

Shj^l. By my fidelity, this is not well, mafter 
Ford ; this wrongs you.^ 

Erji. Mafter Ford, you muft pray, and not fol- 
low the imaginations of your own heart : this is 
jealoufies. 

Ford. Well, he's not here I feek for. 

Page. No, nor no where elfe, but in your brain. 

Ford. Help to fearch my houfe this one time : 
if I find not what I feek, (how no colour for my 
extremity, let me for ever be your table-fport ; let 
them fay of me. As jealous as Ford, that fearch'd 
a hollow walnut for his wife's leman.* Satisfy me 
once more ; once more fearch with me. 

Mrs. Ford. What hoa, miftrefs Page ! come you, 
and the old woman down; my hu(band will come 
into the chamber. 

Ford. Old woman! Whatold woman's that? 

Mrs. Ford. Why, it is my maid's aunt of Brent- 
ford. 

Ford. A witch, a quean, an old cozening quean! 
Have I not forbid her my houfe? She comes of er- 
rands, does (he ? We arc fimple men; we do not 
know what's brought to pafs under the profeflion 

9 this wrongs jfw.J This is below your chxrz&tr, unworthy 

of yopr underftaiuune, injurious to your honour. So, in The 
Taming pf the Wfirw, Bianca, being ill treated by her rugged fifter, 
fays: 

«« You nurong me much, indeed you ^rwg yourfclf." 

JoHKSOK. 

* his nvifes leman.] Lemon, i. c, lover, is derived from 

feef, Dutch, beloved, ztA num^ Stbbvbns. 



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OF WINDSOR. 453 

of fortune-telling. She works by charms,^ by fpells, 
by the figure, and fuch daubery ^ as this is ; beyond 

our element : we know nothing. Come down^ 

you witch, you hag you ; come down, I fay. 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, good, fweet hufband ; — ^good 
gentlemen, let him not ftrike the old wonun.* 

Enter Falstaff in women* s clothes^ led by Mrs. 
Page. 

Mrs. Page. Come, mother Prat, come, give me 
your hand* 

' She works fy ebarms^ &c.] Concerning fome old njooman of 
Brentford, there are feveral ballads ; anx>ng the reft, Julian of Brint- 
ford's laft Will and Teftament, 1 5^99, Stbbvens. 

This without doubt was the perfon here alluded to ; for in the 

early quarto Mrs. Ford fays— >" my maid's aunt^ Gillian of Brent- 

ford, hath a gown above." So alio, in Wefhward Hoe, a comddy, 

1 607 : " I doubt